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1.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E257-E263, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904395

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the effects of different root control attachment on root control and periodontal ligament (PDL) stress during canine distal translation in plastic aligner-based orthodontic treatment. Methods Through three-dimensional (3D) finite element technology, 11 models composed of 4 attachments and 3 kinds of loading were established. Namely, attachment A: no attachments; attachment B: traditional vertical rectangular attachment; attachment C: 1/4 spherical double optimized attachment; attachment D: double optimized door arch attachment; load a: 0.15 mm distal translation of the canine; b: load a+ application of 30 N·mm counterclockwise torque to stress surface of the attachment; load c: load a+ application of 30 N·mm counterclockwise torque to the entire crown. The root control effect of distal translation of the right maxillary canine was simulated with plastic aligner under different loads. Results Displacement modes of all models were distally tipped translation. The double optimized door arch attachment showed the optimal root control effect during canine distal translation. The root control effect for two groups of double optimized attachment was better than that of traditional rectangular attachment. The effect of adding attachments on root control of the canine was better than that of applying only counterclockwise couple. The PDL stress mainly appeared in distal alveolar ridge and root apex without attachment, while the PDL stress mainly appeared in distal alveolar ridge with attachment. Conclusions The most suitable measure to improve the effect of root control during canine distal translation is to use the double optimized door arch attachment in clinic.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879277

ABSTRACT

In the study of oral orthodontics, the dental tissue models play an important role in finite element analysis results. Currently, the commonly used alveolar bone models mainly have two kinds: the uniform and the non-uniform models. The material of the uniform model was defined with the whole alveolar bone, and each mesh element has a uniform mechanical property. While the material of the elements in non-uniform model was differently determined by the Hounsfield unit (HU) value of computed tomography (CT) images where the element was located. To investigate the effects of different alveolar bone models on the biomechanical responses of periodontal ligament (PDL), a clinical patient was chosen as the research object, his mandibular canine, PDL and two kinds of alveolar bone models were constructed, and intrusive force of 1 N and moment of 2 Nmm were exerted on the canine along its root direction, respectively, which were used to analyze the hydrostatic stress and the maximal logarithmic principal strain of PDL under different loads. Research results indicated that the mechanical responses of PDL had been affected by alveolar bone models, no matter the canine translation or rotation. Compared to the uniform model, if the alveolar bone was defined as the non-uniform model, the maximal stress and strain of PDL were decreased by 13.13% and 35.57%, respectively, when the canine translation along its root direction; while the maximal stress and strain of PDL were decreased by 19.55% and 35.64%, respectively, when the canine rotation along its root direction. The uniform alveolar bone model will induce orthodontists to choose a smaller orthodontic force. The non-uniform alveolar bone model can better reflect the differences of bone characteristics in the real alveolar bone, and more conducive to obtain accurate analysis results.


Subject(s)
Biomechanical Phenomena , Computer Simulation , Finite Element Analysis , Humans , Models, Biological , Periodontal Ligament , Stress, Mechanical , Tooth Movement Techniques
3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 119-122,illust 5, 2009.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-597105

ABSTRACT

@#Objective To investigate the function of SD rats Schwann cells on the growth and differentiation of adipose-derived stem cells(ADSCs) when they are co-cultured in Transwell culture system. Methods The ADSCs harvested from SD rats were divided into 3 groups. Group A: ADSCs and Schwann cells were cultured in Transwell indirect co-culture system. Group B: ADSCs were induced by β-BME and BHA. Group C: a contrast group. The morphology of ADSCs was observed and immunohistology was pedormed. Results ADSCs of group A and group B were partly differentiated to the cells which had long neurite,and had a positive result in the NF staining, but negative in the GFAP staining. Group A shows no great difference in neurite length compared with group B(P < 0.05), and no great difference in cell quantity compared with group C (P < 0.05). Conclusion Schwann cells of SD rat have a growth supportive and neuronal differentiation inducing effect on ADSCs.

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