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Braz. dent. j ; 34(4): 127-134, July-Aug. 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1520330


Abstract This in vitro study synthesized hybrid nanofibers embedded in graphene oxide (GO) and incorporated them into experimental resin composite monomers to evaluate their physical-mechanical properties. Inorganic-organic hybrid nanofibers were produced with precursor solutions of 1% wt. GO-filled Poly (d,l-lactide, PLA) fibers and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) characterized the morphology and chemical composition of the spun fibers. Resin composite monomers were developed and a total of 5% nanofibers were incorporated into the experimental materials. Three groups were developed: G1 (control resin monomers), G2 (resin monomers/PLA nanofibers), and G3 (resin monomers/inorganic-organic hybrid nanofibers). Contact angle (n=3), flexural strength (n=22), elastic modulus (n=22), and Knoop hardness (n=6) were evaluated. The mean of the three indentations was obtained for each sample. The normality of data was assessed by QQ Plot with simulated envelopes and analyzed by Welch's method (p<0.05). Overall, SEM images showed the regular shape of nanofibers but were non-aligned. Compositional analysis from EDS (n=6) revealed the presence of carbon and oxygen (present in GO composition) and Si from the functionalization process. The results of contact angle (°) and hardness (Kg/mm2) for each group were as follow, respectively: G1 (59.65±2.90; 37.48±1.86a), G2 (67.99±3.93; 50.56±1.03b) and G3 (62.52±7.40; 67.83±1.01c). The group G3 showed the highest Knoop hardness values (67.83 kg/mm2), and the flexural strength of all groups was adversely affected. The experimental resin composite composed of hybrid nanofibers with GO presented increased hardness values and hydrophilic behavior.

Resumo Este estudo in vitro sintetizou nanofibras híbridas embebidas em óxido de grafeno (GO), incorporando-as à uma resina composta experimental de monômeros para avaliar suas propriedades físico-mecânicas. Nanofibras híbridas inorgânica-orgânicas foram produzidas com soluções precursoras de fibras poli (d, l-lactídeo, PLA) preenchidas com GO a 1% em peso e microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) e espectroscopia de raio-X de energia dispersiva (EDS) caracterizaram a morfologia e composição química das fibras. Monômeros de resina composta foram desenvolvidos e um total de 5% de nanofibras foi incorporado aos materiais experimentais. Três grupos foram desenvolvidos: G1 (monômeros de resina controle), G2 (monômeros de resina/ nanofibras de PLA) e G3 (monômeros de resina/nanofibras híbridas inorgânico-orgânicas). Ângulo de contato (n=3), resistência à flexão (n=22), módulo de elasticidade (n=22) e dureza Knoop (n=6) foram avaliados. A média das três endentações foi obtida para cada amostra. A normalidade dos dados foi avaliada pelo QQ Plot com envelopes simulados e analisada pelo método de Welch (p<0,05). No geral, as imagens de MEV mostraram forma regular de nanofibras, mas não alinhadas. A análise composicional de EDS (n=6) revelou a presença de carbono e oxigênio (presentes na composição do GO) e Si resultante do processo de funcionalização. Os resultados do ângulo de contato (°) e dureza (Kg/mm2) para cada grupo foram os seguintes, respectivamente: G1 (59,65±2,90; 37,48±1,86a), G2 (67,99±3,93; 50,56±1,03b) e G3 (62,52±7,40; 67,83±1,01c). G3 apresentou os maiores valores de dureza Knoop (67,83 kg/mm2), e a resistência à flexão de todos os grupos foi prejudicada. A resina composta experimental composta por nanofibras híbridas com GO apresentou maiores valores de dureza e comportamento hidrofílico.

Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 33: e015, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-989477


Abstract We assessed the effect of a new coating material based on resin-modified glass-ionomer with calcium (Ca) in inhibiting the demineralization of underlying and adjacent areas surrounding caries-like lesions in enamel. The measures used were surface hardness (SH) and cross-sectional hardness (CSH). Thirty-six bovine enamel specimens (3 × 6 × 2 mm) were randomly allocated into three groups (n = 12): No treatment (NT); resin-modified glass-ionomer with Ca (Clinpro XT Varnish, 3M ESPE) (CL), and fluoride varnish (Duraphat, Colgate) (DU). The specimens were subjected to alternated immersions in demineralizing (6 h) and remineralizing solutions (18 h) for 7 days. SH measurements were conducted at standard distances of 150, 300, and 450 µm from the treatment area. CSH evaluated the mean hardness profile over the depth of the enamel surface and at standard distances from the materials. The energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analysis was conducted to evaluate the demineralization bands created on the sublayer by % of calcium (Ca), phosphorus (P), and fluoride (F). Ca/P weight ratio was also calculated. Based on SH and CSH measurements, there was no difference between groups at the distances 150 µm (p = 0.882), 300 µm (p = 0.995), and 450 µm (p = 0.998). Up to 50 µm depth (at 150 µm from the treatment area), CL showed better performance than DU ( p< 0.05). NT presented higher loss of Ca and P than CL and DU (p < 0.05). There was no significant difference in the % of F ion among the three groups. The new coating material was similar to F varnish in attenuating enamel demineralization.

Animals , Cattle , Calcium/chemistry , Resin Cements/chemistry , Dental Enamel/drug effects , Glass Ionomer Cements/chemistry , Reference Values , Sodium Fluoride/chemistry , Spectrometry, X-Ray Emission , Surface Properties/drug effects , Time Factors , Materials Testing , Cariostatic Agents/chemistry , Random Allocation , Fluorides, Topical/chemistry , Reproducibility of Results , Tooth Demineralization/prevention & control , Hardness Tests , Hydrogen-Ion Concentration