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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919371

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) is a severe sequela caused by bisphosphonates (BPs), which are widely used to treat osteoporosis or other malignancies. However, the mechanism underlying BRONJ remains unclear. Recently, human umbilical cord-derived mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) have been studied for treatment of diverse diseases and injuries. This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic effects of hUC-MSCs in BRONJ. @*METHODS@#The therapeutic effects of hUC-MSCs were examined in rat bone marrow (rBM)-derived cells using cell viability, colony-forming, and real-time PCR assays and FACS for analyzing essential proinflammatory and bone regeneration markers in vitro. To demonstrate the in vivo therapeutic and adverse effects of transfused hUC-MSCs, microCT, H&E staining, IHC (Angiogenesis marker gene expression) staining, and parathyroid hormone (PTH)/calcium assay were conducted in a BRONJ-induced animal model. @*RESULTS@#BP-induced cytotoxicity and inflammation in rBM-derived cells decreased, after co-culture with hUC-MSCs. The expression levels of bone regeneration markers (RUNX2, OSX, and BMP-2) significantly increased in BP-treated rBM-derived cells, after co-culture with hUC-MSCs. The BP-induced abnormal shift in RANKL/OPG expression ratio in rBM-derived cells was normalized by hUC-MSCs. Consistent with these in vitro results, transfused hUC-MSCs markedly decreased BRONJ and significantly healed injured mucosa in the BRONJ-induced animal model. The animals exhibited serious destruction of the kidney structure and increases in serum PTH and calcium levels, which were significantly normalized by hUC-MSC transfusion. @*CONCLUSION@#hUC-MSCs exerted therapeutic effects on BRONJ in vitro and in vivo through their anti-cytotoxicity, anti-inflammatory activity and ability to recover bone regeneration.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-918459

ABSTRACT

Background@#Arthrocentesis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is an easy, highly efficient, minimally invasive procedure for treating temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs). However, in some cases of mouth opening limitation (MOL), routine arthrocentesis is ineffective due to severe fibrotic adhesion in the superior joint space of the TMJ. In this condition, mechanical lysis of the adhesions might be needed to resolve the MOL, as well as other symptoms, such as chronic pain. Currently, this can be achieved by arthroscopic surgery or open TMJ surgery. The objective of this study was to introduce and evaluate our trial of the adhesion lysis procedure during arthrocentesis of the TMJ using normal 18-gauge needles. @*Results@#In this study, 40 patients with MOL due to disc derangement underwent conventional arthrocentesis at first and then physical detachment was conducted using the same needle. The change in maximum mouth opening (MMO) and the pain at the TMJ were recorded before, during, and after treatment according to our protocol. The mean increase in MMO after conventional arthrocentesis was 6.6 ± 4.2mm. The mean increase in MMO after the detachment procedure with the same needle was 4.2 ± 2.0 mm. The MMO in ten patients was significantly increased after the detachment procedure than after arthrocentesis alone. In all cases, the pain intensity in the TMJ significantly decreased over time, whereas the MMO increased over time. No adverse effect was observed in all joints during our observation periods. @*Conclusion@#We confirmed that our simple lysis procedure with the same needle of the arthrocentesis of the TMJ could not only improve the MMO more than after a conventional arthrocentesis but also resolve severe adhesion of the joint space that was ineffective by conventional arthrocentesis. Although this additional lysis procedure is simple, it might reduce the number of cases of more invasive procedures such as arthroscopic surgery or open TMJ surgery.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902694

ABSTRACT

Background@#Dental studies of precocious puberty have focused on examination of jaw and dentition growth. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between precocious puberty and maxillary dental developmental abnormalities (DDAs). @*Methods@#This retrospective study was conducted on the Korean patients in whom dental panoramic and hand-wrist radiographs had been taken before they were 15 years of age. The maxillary DDAs were assessed as mesiodens, congenital missing teeth, peg-shape lateral incisors, or impacted teeth. The chronological ages of the control group members were within the normal range of the hand-wrist bone age. Others with a peak luteinizing hormone of ≥ 5 and < 5 IU/L were allocated to central precocious puberty (CPP) and peripheral precocious puberty (PPP), respectively. @*Results@#Of the enrolled 270 patients, 195, 52, and 23 were allocated to the control, CPP, and PPP groups, respectively. The maxillary DDAs were significantly more prevalent in the CPP group than in the other groups. Among those with maxillary DDA, the mesiodens predominated. Age- and sex-adjusted multivariate analysis revealed maxillary DDA (odds ratio, 3.36; 95% CI, 1.60-7.05) and especially mesiodens (odds ratio, 5.52; CI, 2.29-13.28) to be significantly associated with CPP. @*Conclusions@#Maxillary DDAs were significantly more prevalent in the CPP group than in the PPP or control groups. Among the many types of maxillary DDAs, mesiodens was significantly associated with CPP and may be considered a predictor of the development of CPP.

4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-836930

ABSTRACT

Background@#The purpose of this study is to introduce our modified disc plication technique using MITEK mini anchors and to evaluate the clinical outcome for patients with internal derangement (ID) of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). @*Patients and methods@#We evaluated 65 joints in 46 patients, comprised 32 women and 14 men, who first visited the Asan Medical Center from December 2012 to December 2016. The age of the patients ranged from 14 to 79 years, with a mean age of 36.6 years. The patients presented with joint problems including pain, joint noise, and mouth opening limitation (MOL). Patients who met our inclusion criteria underwent unilateral or bilateral disc repositioning surgery with our minimally invasive disc plication technique using MITEK mini anchors and No. 2-0 Ethibond® braided polyester sutures. The variables taken into account in this study were the range of maximum mouth opening (MMO), painful symptoms (evaluated with the visual analog scale, VAS), and the type of noise (click, popping, crepitus) in the TMJ. @*Results@#Preoperative examination revealed painful symptoms in 50.7% (n = 35) of the operated joints (n = 69) and the presence of clicks in 56.5% (n = 39). Postoperative examination revealed that 4.3% (n = 3) of the operated joints had painful symptoms with lower intensity than that in the preoperative condition. Additionally, 17.4% (n = 12) had residual noise in the TMJ, among which two were clicking and the other 10 had mild crepitus. The intensity of the postoperative residual noise was significantly decreased in all cases compared to that in the preoperative condition. Among patients with MOL below 38mm (n = 18), the mean MMO was 31.4mm preoperatively and 44.2mm at 6 months postoperatively, with a mean increase of 13.8 mm. A barely visible scar at the operation site was noted during the postoperative observation period, with no significant complications such as facial palsy or permanent occlusal disharmony. @*Conclusion@#Subjective symptoms in all patients improved following the surgery. TMJ disc plication using MITEK mini anchors with our minimally invasive approach may be a feasible and effective surgical option for treating TMJ ID patients who are not responsive to conservative treatment.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894990

ABSTRACT

Background@#Dental studies of precocious puberty have focused on examination of jaw and dentition growth. The aim of the study was to analyze the relationship between precocious puberty and maxillary dental developmental abnormalities (DDAs). @*Methods@#This retrospective study was conducted on the Korean patients in whom dental panoramic and hand-wrist radiographs had been taken before they were 15 years of age. The maxillary DDAs were assessed as mesiodens, congenital missing teeth, peg-shape lateral incisors, or impacted teeth. The chronological ages of the control group members were within the normal range of the hand-wrist bone age. Others with a peak luteinizing hormone of ≥ 5 and < 5 IU/L were allocated to central precocious puberty (CPP) and peripheral precocious puberty (PPP), respectively. @*Results@#Of the enrolled 270 patients, 195, 52, and 23 were allocated to the control, CPP, and PPP groups, respectively. The maxillary DDAs were significantly more prevalent in the CPP group than in the other groups. Among those with maxillary DDA, the mesiodens predominated. Age- and sex-adjusted multivariate analysis revealed maxillary DDA (odds ratio, 3.36; 95% CI, 1.60-7.05) and especially mesiodens (odds ratio, 5.52; CI, 2.29-13.28) to be significantly associated with CPP. @*Conclusions@#Maxillary DDAs were significantly more prevalent in the CPP group than in the PPP or control groups. Among the many types of maxillary DDAs, mesiodens was significantly associated with CPP and may be considered a predictor of the development of CPP.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766335

ABSTRACT

This correction is being published to correct the 4th author's affiliation in the article.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766333

ABSTRACT

Demineralized dentin matrix (DDM) has been used as a recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) carrier in many clinical trials. To optimize the clinical safety and efficacy of rhBMP-2 with DDM, efforts have been made to improve the delivery of rhBMP-2 by 1) lowering the administered dose, 2) localizing the protein, and 3) prolonging its retention time at the action site as well as the bone forming capacity of the carrier itself. The release profile of rhBMP-2 that is associated with endogenous BMP in dentin has been postulated according to the type of incorporation, which is attributed to the loosened interfibrillar space and nanoporous dentinal tubule pores. Physically adsorbed and modified, physically entrapped rhBMP-2 is sequentially released from the DDM surface during the early stage of implantation. As DDM degradation progresses, the loosened interfibrillar space and enlarged dentinal tubules release the entrapped rhBMP-2. Finally, the endogenous BMP in dentin is released with osteoclastic dentin resorption. According to the postulated release profile, DDM can therefore be used in a controlled manner as a sequential delivery scaffold for rhBMP-2, thus sustaining the rhBMP-2 concentration for a prolonged period due to localization. In addition, we attempted to determine how to lower the rhBMP-2 concentration to 0.2 mg/mL, which is lower than the approved 1.5 mg/mL.


Subject(s)
Bone Morphogenetic Proteins , Collagen , Dentin , Humans , Osteoclasts
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766325

ABSTRACT

As dental implant surgery and bone grafts were widely operated in Korean dentist, many bone substitutes are commercially available, currently. For commercially used in Korea, all bone substitutes are firstly evaluated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) for safety and efficacy of the product. After being priced, classified, and registration by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA), the post-application management is obligatory for the manufacturer (or representative importer) to receive a certificate of Good Manufacturing Practice by Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. Currently, bone substitutes are broadly classified into C group (bone union and fracture fixation), T group (human tissue), L group (general and dental material) and non-insurance material group in MOHW notification No. 2018-248. Among them, bone substitutes classified as dental materials (L7) are divided as xenograft and alloplastic bone graft. The purpose of this paper is to analyze alloplastic bone substitutes of 37 products in MOHW notification No. 2018-248 and to evaluate the reference level based on the ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed, EMBASE (1980–2019), Cochrane Database, and Google Scholar using the criteria of registered or trademarked product name.


Subject(s)
Bone Substitutes , Dental Implantation , Dental Implants , Dental Materials , Dentists , Heterografts , Humans , Insurance, Health , Korea , Patents as Topic , Transplants
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916009

ABSTRACT

Demineralized dentin matrix (DDM) has been used as a recombinant human bone morphogenetic protein-2 (rhBMP-2) carrier in many clinical trials. To optimize the clinical safety and efficacy of rhBMP-2 with DDM, efforts have been made to improve the delivery of rhBMP-2 by 1) lowering the administered dose, 2) localizing the protein, and 3) prolonging its retention time at the action site as well as the bone forming capacity of the carrier itself. The release profile of rhBMP-2 that is associated with endogenous BMP in dentin has been postulated according to the type of incorporation, which is attributed to the loosened interfibrillar space and nanoporous dentinal tubule pores. Physically adsorbed and modified, physically entrapped rhBMP-2 is sequentially released from the DDM surface during the early stage of implantation. As DDM degradation progresses, the loosened interfibrillar space and enlarged dentinal tubules release the entrapped rhBMP-2. Finally, the endogenous BMP in dentin is released with osteoclastic dentin resorption. According to the postulated release profile, DDM can therefore be used in a controlled manner as a sequential delivery scaffold for rhBMP-2, thus sustaining the rhBMP-2 concentration for a prolonged period due to localization. In addition, we attempted to determine how to lower the rhBMP-2 concentration to 0.2 mg/mL, which is lower than the approved 1.5 mg/mL.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915985

ABSTRACT

A Le Fort I osteotomy is a common procedure for correcting dental and facial deformities in orthognathic surgery. In rare cases, a delayed hemorrhage can occur as early as several hours or up to 12 weeks, postoperatively. The most frequently involved blood vessels in a delayed hemorrhage are the descending palatine artery, the internal maxillary artery, and the pterygoid venous plexus of veins. Intraoral bleeding accompanied by severe epistaxis in these cases makes it difficult to locate the precise bleeding focus. Eventual uncontrolled bleeding would require Merocel packing or surgical intervention. In general, a severe late postoperative hemorrhage is most effectively managed by angiography and embolization. Herein we describe a delayed hemorrhage case in which the cause was not evident on angiography. We were able to detect the bleeding point through an endoscopic nasal approach and treat it using direct cauterization.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915970

ABSTRACT

This correction is being published to correct the 4th author's affiliation in the article.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915968

ABSTRACT

As dental implant surgery and bone grafts were widely operated in Korean dentist, many bone substitutes are commercially available, currently. For commercially used in Korea, all bone substitutes are firstly evaluated by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (MOHW) for safety and efficacy of the product. After being priced, classified, and registration by the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRA), the post-application management is obligatory for the manufacturer (or representative importer) to receive a certificate of Good Manufacturing Practice by Ministry of Food and Drug Safety. Currently, bone substitutes are broadly classified into C group (bone union and fracture fixation), T group (human tissue), L group (general and dental material) and non-insurance material group in MOHW notification No. 2018-248. Among them, bone substitutes classified as dental materials (L7) are divided as xenograft and alloplastic bone graft. The purpose of this paper is to analyze alloplastic bone substitutes of 37 products in MOHW notification No. 2018-248 and to evaluate the reference level based on the ISI Web of Knowledge, PubMed, EMBASE (1980–2019), Cochrane Database, and Google Scholar using the criteria of registered or trademarked product name.

13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915354

ABSTRACT

Osteochondroma is a bone tumor with cartilaginous growth potential that generally appears near the growth plate of long bones in areas such as hip, knee, and shoulder joints, related to the nature of endochondral ossification and it is known a common benign bone tumor. However, it has been very rare in craniofacial region possibly because craniofacial bone is largely formed by intramembranous ossification. Moreover, reports on the solitary type of osteochondroma in mandibular condyle has been extremely rare. Osteochondroma in mandibular condylar may show various symptoms similar to general temporomandibular joint disorders (TMDs), such as pain in the condylar area during mouth opening, internal derangement, facial asymmetry or posterior open bite. Therefore, it can be disregarded for a long time period without any adequate treatment. Surgical excision has been the treatment option for the solitary osteochondroma with very low recurrence rate reportedly. In this case report, a rare case of solitary osteochondroma developed in unilateral mandibular condyle is presented with emphasis on differential diagnosis with general TMDs.

14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786153

ABSTRACT

A Le Fort I osteotomy is a common procedure for correcting dental and facial deformities in orthognathic surgery. In rare cases, a delayed hemorrhage can occur as early as several hours or up to 12 weeks, postoperatively. The most frequently involved blood vessels in a delayed hemorrhage are the descending palatine artery, the internal maxillary artery, and the pterygoid venous plexus of veins. Intraoral bleeding accompanied by severe epistaxis in these cases makes it difficult to locate the precise bleeding focus. Eventual uncontrolled bleeding would require Merocel packing or surgical intervention. In general, a severe late postoperative hemorrhage is most effectively managed by angiography and embolization. Herein we describe a delayed hemorrhage case in which the cause was not evident on angiography. We were able to detect the bleeding point through an endoscopic nasal approach and treat it using direct cauterization.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm, False , Angiography , Arteries , Blood Vessels , Cautery , Congenital Abnormalities , Epistaxis , Hemorrhage , Maxillary Artery , Orthognathic Surgery , Osteotomy , Postoperative Complications , Postoperative Hemorrhage , Veins
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786128

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The worldwide incidence of squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue (SCCOT) in young patients has been increasing. We investigated clinicopathologic features of this unique population and compared them with those of SCCOT in the elderly to delineate its pathogenesis.METHODS: We compared clinicopathological parameters between patients under and over 45 years old. Immunohistochemical assays of estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, androgen receptor, p53, p16, mdm2, cyclin D1, and glutathione S-transferase P1 were also compared between them.RESULTS: Among 189 cases, 51 patients (27.0%) were under 45 years of age. A higher proportion of women was seen in the young group, but was not statistically significant. Smoking and drinking behaviors between age groups were similar. Histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis showed no significant difference by age and sex other than higher histologic grades observed in young patients.CONCLUSIONS: SCCOT in young adults has similar clinicopathological features to that in the elderly, suggesting that both progress via similar pathogenetic pathways.


Subject(s)
Aged , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Cyclin D1 , Drinking , Drinking Behavior , Epithelial Cells , Estrogens , Female , Glutathione Transferase , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Incidence , Mouth Neoplasms , Receptors, Androgen , Receptors, Progesterone , Smoke , Smoking , Tongue , Young Adult
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742027

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This research evaluated clinical outcomes of two types of hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated implants: OT (Osstem TS III-HA, Osstem implant Co., Busan, Korea) and ZM (Zimmer TSV-HA, Zimmer dental, Carlsbad, USA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The research was conducted on 303 implants (89 of OT, 214 of ZM), which were placed from January 16, 2010 to December 20, 2012. The prognosis was evaluated in terms of success rates, survival rates, annual marginal bone loss, and implant stability quotients (ISQ). The samples were classified into immediate, early, conventional, and delayed groups according to the loading time. RESULTS: Overall, there were no significant differences between OT and ZM in success rates, survival rates, and annual marginal bone loss, except for the result of secondary stability. OT showed 77.83 ± 8.23 ISQ, which was marginally higher than 76.09 ± 6.90 ISQ of ZM (P 82.48 ± 3.69 ISQ) (P .05). CONCLUSION: OT (97.75%) and ZM (98.50%) showed relatively good outcomes in terms of survival rates. In general, OT and ZM did not show statistically significant differences in most indices (P>.05), although OT performed marginally better than ZM in the immediate loading and 1-stage surgery (P < .05).


Subject(s)
Dental Implants , Durapatite , Follow-Up Studies , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716168

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The fabrication of microchannels in hydrogel can facilitate the perfusion of nutrients and oxygen, which leads to guidance cues for vasculogenesis. Microchannel patterning in biomimetic hydrogels is a challenging issue for tissue regeneration because of the inherent low formability of hydrogels in a complex configuration. We fabricated microchannels using wire network molding and immobilized the angiogenic factors in the hydrogel and evaluated the vasculogenesis in vitro and in vivo. METHODS: Microchannels were fabricated in a hyaluronic acid-based biomimetic hydrogel by using “wire network molding” technology. Substance P was immobilized in acrylated hyaluronic acid for angiogenic cues using Michael type addition reaction. In vitro and in vivo angiogenic activities of hydrogel with microchannels were evaluated. RESULTS: In vitro cell culture experiment shows that cell viability in two experimental biomimetic hydrogels (with microchannels and microchannels + SP) was higher than that of a biomimetic hydrogel without microchannels (bulk group). Evaluation on differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) in biomimetic hydrogels with fabricated microchannels shows that the differentiation of hMSC into endothelial cells was significantly increased compared with that of the bulk group. In vivo angiogenesis analysis shows that thin blood vessels of approximately 25–30 µm in diameter were observed in the microchannel group and microchannel + SP group, whereas not seen in the bulk group. CONCLUSION: The strategy of fabricating microchannels in a biomimetic hydrogel and simultaneously providing a chemical cue for angiogenesis is a promising formula for large-scale tissue regeneration.


Subject(s)
Angiogenesis Inducing Agents , Biomimetics , Blood Vessels , Cell Culture Techniques , Cell Survival , Cues , Endothelial Cells , Fungi , Humans , Hyaluronic Acid , Hydrogels , Hydrogels , In Vitro Techniques , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Oxygen , Perfusion , Regeneration , Substance P
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-87042

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Internet , Marketing
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