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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899148

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose: Blood pressure (BP) control is strongly recommended, but BP control rate has not been well studied in patients with stroke. We evaluated the BP control rate with fimasartan-based antihypertensive therapy initiated in patients with recent cerebral ischemia. @*Methods@#This multicenter, prospective, single-arm trial involved 27 centers in South Korea. Key inclusion criteria were recent cerebral ischemia within 90 days and high BP [systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >90 mm Hg]. BP lowering was initiated with fimasartan. BP management during the follow-up was at the discretion of the responsible investigators. The primary endpoint was the target BP goal achievement rate (<140/90 mm Hg) at 24 weeks. Key secondary endpoints included achieved BP and BP changes at each visit, and clinical events (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03231293). @*Results@#Of 1,035 patients enrolled, 1,026 were included in the safety analysis, and 951 in the efficacy analysis. Their mean age was 64.1 years, 33% were female, the median time interval from onset to enrollment was 10 days, and the baseline SBP and DBP were 162.3±16.0 and 92.2±12.4 mm Hg (mean±SD). During the study period, 55.5% of patients were maintained on fimasartan monotherapy, and 44.5% received antihypertensive therapies other than fimasartan monotherapy at at least one visit. The target BP goal achievement rate at 24-week was 67.3% (48.6% at 4-week and 61.4% at 12-week). The mean BP was 139.0/81.8±18.3/11.7, 133.8/79.2±16.4/11.0, and 132.8/78.5±15.6/10.9 mm Hg at 4-, 12-, and 24-week. The treatment-emergent adverse event rate was 5.4%, including one serious adverse event. @*Conclusions@#Fimasartan-based BP lowering achieved the target BP in two-thirds of patients at 24 weeks, and was generally well tolerated.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891444

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose: Blood pressure (BP) control is strongly recommended, but BP control rate has not been well studied in patients with stroke. We evaluated the BP control rate with fimasartan-based antihypertensive therapy initiated in patients with recent cerebral ischemia. @*Methods@#This multicenter, prospective, single-arm trial involved 27 centers in South Korea. Key inclusion criteria were recent cerebral ischemia within 90 days and high BP [systolic blood pressure (SBP) >140 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) >90 mm Hg]. BP lowering was initiated with fimasartan. BP management during the follow-up was at the discretion of the responsible investigators. The primary endpoint was the target BP goal achievement rate (<140/90 mm Hg) at 24 weeks. Key secondary endpoints included achieved BP and BP changes at each visit, and clinical events (ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT03231293). @*Results@#Of 1,035 patients enrolled, 1,026 were included in the safety analysis, and 951 in the efficacy analysis. Their mean age was 64.1 years, 33% were female, the median time interval from onset to enrollment was 10 days, and the baseline SBP and DBP were 162.3±16.0 and 92.2±12.4 mm Hg (mean±SD). During the study period, 55.5% of patients were maintained on fimasartan monotherapy, and 44.5% received antihypertensive therapies other than fimasartan monotherapy at at least one visit. The target BP goal achievement rate at 24-week was 67.3% (48.6% at 4-week and 61.4% at 12-week). The mean BP was 139.0/81.8±18.3/11.7, 133.8/79.2±16.4/11.0, and 132.8/78.5±15.6/10.9 mm Hg at 4-, 12-, and 24-week. The treatment-emergent adverse event rate was 5.4%, including one serious adverse event. @*Conclusions@#Fimasartan-based BP lowering achieved the target BP in two-thirds of patients at 24 weeks, and was generally well tolerated.

3.
Journal of Stroke ; : 113-123, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874951

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose To evaluate the outcome events and bleeding complications of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) guideline-matched oral anticoagulant therapy for patients with acute ischemic stroke and atrial fibrillation (AF). @*Methods@#Patients with acute ischemic stroke and AF from a nationwide multicenter registry (Korean ATrial fibrillaTion EvaluatioN regisTry in Ischemic strOke patieNts [K-ATTENTION]) between January 2013 and December 2015 were included in the study. Patients were divided into the ESC guideline-matched and the non-matched groups. The primary outcome was recurrence of any stroke during the 90-day follow-up period. Secondary outcomes were major adverse cerebrovascular and cardiovascular events, ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, acute coronary syndrome, allcause mortality, and major hemorrhage. Propensity score matching and logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the effect of the treatments administered. @*Results@#Among 2,321 eligible patients, 1,126 patients were 1:1 matched to the ESC guidelinematched and the non-matched groups. As compared with the non-matched group, the ESC guideline-matched group had a lower risk of any recurrent stroke (1.4% vs. 3.4%; odds ratio [OR], 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.18 to 0.95). The risk of recurrent ischemic stroke was lower in the ESC guideline-matched group than in the non-matched group (0.9% vs. 2.7%; OR, 0.32; 95% CI, 0.11 to 0.88). There was no significant difference in the other secondary outcomes between the two groups. @*Conclusions@#ESC guideline-matched oral anticoagulant therapy was associated with reduced risks of any stroke and ischemic stroke as compared with the non-matched therapy.

4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833669

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose: The incidence of ischemic stroke (IS) in young adults is increasing, and the associated large socioeconomic impact makes understanding IS in young adults important. We investigated the causes of and risk factors for IS in young adults, and their impact on outcomes. @*Methods@#The Stroke in Korean Young Adults (SKY) study is a standardized multicenter prospective study involving eight medical centers of the Republic of Korea. First-ever IS patients aged 18 years to 44 years were prospectively included in this study within 7 days of stroke onset.Their outcomes at 3 months were analyzed. @*Results@#This study enrolled 270 patients from April 2014 to December 2018, most (67.8%) of whom were male. About 41.5% of the patients had one or more vascular risk factors from among hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and dyslipidemia. However, only half of them had received regular treatment. Arterial dissection was more common in males, and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and Moyamoya disease were more common in females. The outcome was favorable (modified Rankin Scale score of 0 or 1) in 81.9% of the patients at 3 months after stroke onset. More severe initial symptoms, higher initial glucose level, and SLE as a comorbidity were associated with unfavorable outcomes. @*Conclusions@#Young adult IS patients in Korea exhibit low awareness and poor management of their risk factors. Although the short-term outcome was relatively favorable in those patients, having SLE was associated with unfavorable outcomes. More attention needs to be paid for improving awareness and controlling risk factors in this population.

5.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 524-532, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833357

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Specific IgG4 (sIgG4) increases with allergen specific immunotherapy and may reflect a state of immune tolerance in food allergy. While ImmunoCAP® has been widely used to measure sIgG4 to a single allergen, PROTIATM Specific IgG4® has been designed as a multiplex assay for measuring sIgG4. This study sought to validate this assay in comparison to ImmunoCAP®. @*Materials and Methods@#Measurements of sIgG4 were compared between PROTIATM Specific IgG4® and ImmunoCAP® using sera from 519 allergy patients (asthma: 114, allergic rhinitis: 318, food allergy: 146) with 731 paired tests. sIgG4 was measured against nine inhalant allergens (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, Dermatophagoides farinae, cat dander, dog dander, birch pollen, oak pollen, ragweed pollen, mugwort pollen, and Alternaria alternata spores) and nine food allergens (egg white, casein, wheat, peanut, walnut, crab, shrimp, apple, and peach). @*Results@#PROTIATM Specific IgG4® showed 95.6% agreement rate with ImmunoCAP® in the positivity comparison. For sIgG4 positivity to each individual allergen, an agreement rate of more than 84.8% was observed. In Cohen’s kappa analysis, these assays displayed substantial correlations [Cohen’s kappa coefficient (κ) ≥0.699], except for shrimp (κ=0.448). Furthermore, both assays displayed strong correlations in quantitative comparisons [correlation coefficients value (ρ) ≥0.8014], except for apple (ρ=0.6571, p=0.175). Serial dilution tests also showed consistency between the assays. @*Conclusion@#PROTIATM Specific IgG4® showed high consistency with ImmunoCAP® in measuring sIgG4. This assay is applicable to various clinical fields, including allergen immunotherapy and food allergy.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831660

ABSTRACT

Influenza is an epidemical acute respiratory disease caused by viral infection. Several complications in the respiratory tract, such as pneumonia can occur. However, rare but serious neurological complications are also observed. Here, we described the prevalence, characteristics and suggestive pathomechanism of syncope after influenza infection season. Of 2.2% of patients diagnosed as influenza experienced syncope. None of the patients had severe cough, low blood pressure (BP) or dehydration. Patients suffered with frequent dizziness before syncope. Patient with long duration of loss of consciousness was more observed in those with high fever or positive orthostatic BP drop.

7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834869

ABSTRACT

Acute cerebral infarction secondary to glioblastoma is rarely reported, and its mechanism is still controversial. Vascular infiltration of malignant cell, direct mass effect and local procoagulant effect were considered as main pathophysiology. We report a case of glioblastoma-related cerebral infarction documented by high resolution vessel wall magnetic resonance imaging, which reveals concentric enhancement of arterial wall and intraluminal thrombus without direct compression. These findings suggest tumor cell infiltration of intracranial vessels is one of the important mechanisms of glioblastoma-related cerebral infarction.

8.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834757

ABSTRACT

Carotid stenosis is an important etiology of ischemic stroke. Most of the strokes associated with carotid stenosis are caused by artery-to-artery embolism. The risk of embolism highly depends on the stenosis degree and the vulnerability of the carotid plaque. Carotid ultrasonography is useful for evaluating the characteristics of carotid plaque. This review aims to provide information on performing and interpreting the result of carotid ultrasonography and the treatment of carotid artery disease based on the current guidelines. The degree of stenosis can be measured by the diameter reduction and flow velocity criteria. The risk of embolism is highest when the stenosis degree is around 70% to 80%. A heterogeneous echolucent plaque with an irregular surface or an ulcer shows a high risk of embolism. Appropriate treatment is important for the patients with carotid stenosis. In symptomatic patients, a potent antiplatelet treatment, especially during the acute stage, is beneficial. Patients with asymptomatic stenosis over 50% can also be considered for antiplatelet treatments. The associated risk factors should be managed according to the targets. Medically intractable cases or patients with high risk of embolism may receive carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery stenting depending on the concomitant disease and the degree of carotid stenosis. Considering the safety of ultrasound imaging, treatment may be followed-up by carotid ultrasonography.

9.
Journal of Stroke ; : 234-244, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834658

ABSTRACT

Background@#and Purpose The outcome of endovascular treatment (EVT) may differ depending on the etiology of arterial occlusion. This study aimed to assess the differences in EVT outcomes in patients with intracranial arterial steno-occlusion (ICAS-O), artery-to-artery embolism (AT-O), and cardiac embolism (CA-O). @*Methods@#We retrospectively analyzed 330 patients with ischemic stroke who underwent EVT between January 2012 and August 2017. Patients were classified according to the etiology. The clinical data, EVT-related factors, and clinical outcomes were compared. The modified Rankin Scale (mRS) score at 3 months, determined using ordinal logistic regression (shift analysis), was the primary outcome. @*Results@#CA-O (n=149) was the most common etiology, followed by ICAS-O (n=63) and AT-O (n=49). Age, initial National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score, and rate of hemorrhagic transformation were significantly higher in patients with CA-O compared to AT-O and ICAS-O. The time from onset-to-recanalization was the shortest in the CA-O (356.0 minutes) groups, followed by the AT-O (847.0 minutes) and ICAS-O (944.0 minutes) groups. The rates of successful recanalization, mRS distribution, and favorable outcomes at 3 months (mRS 0–2; CA-O, 36.9%, AT-O, 53.1%; and ICAS-O, 41.3%) did not differ among the three groups. Baseline NIHSS score (odds ratio, 0.87; 95% confidence interval, 0.83 to 0.91) could independently predict a favorable shift in mRS distribution. @*Conclusions@#The functional outcomes of ICAS-O and AT-O were similar to those of CA-O, despite the delay in symptom onset-to-recanalization, suggesting that the therapeutic time window may be extended in these patients.

10.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 417-424, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898346

ABSTRACT

The myelination of axons in the vertebrate nervous system through oligodendrocytes promotes efficient axonal conduction, which is required for the normal function of neurons. The central nervous system (CNS) can regenerate damaged myelin sheaths through the process of remyelination, but the failure of remyelination causes neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis. In mammals, parenchymal oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) are known to be the principal cell type responsible for remyelination in demyelinating diseases and traumatic injuries to the adult CNS. However, growing evidence suggests that neural stem cells (NSCs) are implicated in remyelination in animal models of demyelination. We have previously shown that olig2+ + radial glia (RG) have the potential to function as NSCs to produce oligodendrocytes in adult zebrafish. In this study, we developed a zebrafish model of adult telencephalic injury to investigate cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the regeneration of oligodendrocytes. Using this model, we showed that telencephalic injury induced the proliferation of olig2+ + RG and parenchymal OPCs shortly after injury, which was followed by the regeneration of new oligodendrocytes in the adult zebrafish. We also showed that blocking Notch signaling promoted the proliferation of olig2+ RG and OPCs in the normal and injured telencephalon of adult zebrafish. Taken together, our data suggest that Notch-regulated proliferation of olig2+ RG and parenchymal OPCs is responsible for the regeneration of oligodendrocytes in the injured telencephalon of adult zebrafish.

11.
Experimental Neurobiology ; : 417-424, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890642

ABSTRACT

The myelination of axons in the vertebrate nervous system through oligodendrocytes promotes efficient axonal conduction, which is required for the normal function of neurons. The central nervous system (CNS) can regenerate damaged myelin sheaths through the process of remyelination, but the failure of remyelination causes neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis. In mammals, parenchymal oligodendrocyte progenitor cells (OPCs) are known to be the principal cell type responsible for remyelination in demyelinating diseases and traumatic injuries to the adult CNS. However, growing evidence suggests that neural stem cells (NSCs) are implicated in remyelination in animal models of demyelination. We have previously shown that olig2+ + radial glia (RG) have the potential to function as NSCs to produce oligodendrocytes in adult zebrafish. In this study, we developed a zebrafish model of adult telencephalic injury to investigate cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying the regeneration of oligodendrocytes. Using this model, we showed that telencephalic injury induced the proliferation of olig2+ + RG and parenchymal OPCs shortly after injury, which was followed by the regeneration of new oligodendrocytes in the adult zebrafish. We also showed that blocking Notch signaling promoted the proliferation of olig2+ RG and OPCs in the normal and injured telencephalon of adult zebrafish. Taken together, our data suggest that Notch-regulated proliferation of olig2+ RG and parenchymal OPCs is responsible for the regeneration of oligodendrocytes in the injured telencephalon of adult zebrafish.

12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766796

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the clinical characteristics of patients with non-amnestic mild cognitive impairment (naMCI) in a memory disorder clinic at a single center. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted involving 312 patients with naMCI from May 2011 to July 2018. Brain magnetic resonance imaging and detailed neuropsychological tests were performed in all patients. We used the proposed criteria for naMCI to classify the patients into single- and multiple-domain groups. We compared the baseline clinical characteristics, neuroimaging findings, and the rate of progression to dementia between these two groups. RESULTS: The 312 patients comprised 210 in the single-domain group (67.3%) and 102 in the multiple-domain group (32.7%). The mean age was significantly higher in the multiple-domain group than in the single-domain group. The years of education, mean Mini Mental State Examination score, and mean Clinical Dementia Rating Scale Sum of Boxes score were significantly lower in the multiple-domain group than in the single-domain group. The Z-scores of neuropsychological tests in most cognitive domains were significantly lower in the multiple-domain group than in the single-domain group. Compared to the single-domain group, the multiple-domain group showed more-severe medial temporal atrophy and contained a higher proportion of patients with moderate white-matter hyperintensities. Thirteen (8.4%) patients with naMCI progressed to dementia, most of who were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease. CONCLUSIONS: We present a single-center experience of clinical characteristics in patients with naMCI. Close observation of the clinical profiles of patients with naMCI may help identify individuals at the greatest risk of dementia.


Subject(s)
Alzheimer Disease , Atrophy , Brain , Dementia , Education , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Memory Disorders , Cognitive Dysfunction , Neuroimaging , Neuropsychological Tests , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766749

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Burden of acute stroke management is increasing according to aging population and advances in the therapeutic time window. However, reduction of resident numbers by the national policy in addition to the underlying low medical charge and reward gradually leaded to a lower rate of application to neurology department. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide survey from May 29, 2017 through July 11, 2017 to evaluate the real-world working conditions and issues of acute stroke management by stroke neurologists in Korea. Of 100 candidates of stroke professors/specialists, a total of 81 physicians participated the survey comprising 40 questionnaires. RESULTS: Stroke care physicians were suffering from heavy work load of inpatient care, outpatient clinic due to shortage of manpower for caring acute stroke. There were only three hospitals (3.7%) where neurologists independently take lead an endovascular therapy. About 43% of the participants were involving in primary duty for acute stroke management stroke, majority of whom (65.7%) were on by themselves. Participants pointed out that the biggest drawbacks were manpower shortage due to lack of residents, and numerous frequencies of primary duty. Approximately 80% of the participants forecasted a dismal future for stroke field. CONCLUSIONS: With the growing incidence of stroke, there is an emerging need for increasing number of neurologists due to contemporary grave shortage of stroke neurologists. It is necessary to investigate the effective demand forecasting for stroke neurologists for the strategy to improve an unmet quality of stroke care with the awareness and help of government.


Subject(s)
Aging , Ambulatory Care , Brain Infarction , Forecasting , Humans , Incidence , Inpatients , Korea , Neurology , Reward , Stroke
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766731

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764361

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The clinical implications of echocardiography findings for long-term outcomes in atrial fibrillation (AF)-related stroke patients are unknown. METHODS: This was a substudy of the Korean ATrial fibrillaTion EvaluatioN regisTry in Ischemic strOke patieNts (K-ATTENTION), which is a multicenter-based cohort comprising prospective stroke registries from 11 tertiary centers. Stroke survivors who underwent two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiography during hospitalization were enrolled. Echocardiography markers included the left-ventricle (LV) ejection fraction (LVEF), the left atrium diameter, and the ratio of the peak transmitral filling velocity to the mean mitral annular velocity during early diastole (E/e′ ratio). LVEF was categorized into normal (≥55%), mildly decreased (>40% and <55%), and severely decreased (≤40%). The E/e′ ratio associated with the LV filling pressure was categorized into normal (<8), borderline (≥8 and <15), and elevated (≥15). Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses were performed for recurrent stroke, major adverse cardiac events, and all-cause death. RESULTS: This study finally included 1,947 patients. Over a median follow-up of 1.65 years (interquartile range, 0.42–2.87 years), the rates of recurrent stroke, major adverse cardiac events, and all-cause death were 35.1, 10.8, and 69.6 cases per 1,000 person-years, respectively. Multivariable analyses demonstrated that severely decreased LVEF was associated with a higher risks of major adverse cardiac events [hazard ratio (HR), 3.91; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.58–9.69] and all-cause death (HR, 1.95; 95% CI, 1.23–3.10). The multivariable fractional polynomial plot indicated that recurrent stroke might be associated with a lower LVEF. CONCLUSIONS: Severe LV systolic dysfunction could be a determinant of long-term outcomes in AF-related stroke.


Subject(s)
Atrial Fibrillation , Cohort Studies , Diastole , Echocardiography , Follow-Up Studies , Heart Atria , Hospitalization , Humans , Prospective Studies , Registries , Stroke , Survivors
17.
Neurointervention ; : 43-52, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-741674

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Cigarette smoking (CS) is one of the major risk factors of cerebral atherosclerotic disease, however, its level of contribution to extracranial and intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis (ECAS and ICAS) was not fully revealed yet. The purpose of our study was to assess the association of CS to cerebral atherosclerosis along with other risk factors. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive patients who were angiographically confirmed with severe symptomatic cerebral atherosclerotic disease between January 2002 and December 2012 were included in this study. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify risk factors for ECAS and ICAS. Thereafter, CS group were compared to non-CS group in the entire study population and in a propensity-score matched population with two different age-subgroups. RESULTS: Of 1709 enrolled patients, 794 (46.5%) had extracranial (EC) lesions and the other 915 (53.5%) had intracranial (IC) lesions. CS group had more EC lesions (55.8% vs. 35.3%, P<0.001) whereas young age group (<50 years) had more IC lesion (84.5% vs. 47.6%, P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, seven variables including CS, male, old age, coronary heart disease, higher erythrocyte sedimentation rate, multiple lesions, and anterior lesion were independently associated with ECAS. In the propensity-score matched CS group had significant more EC lesion compared to non-CS group (65.7% vs. 47.9%) only in the old age subgroup. CONCLUSION: In contrast to a significant association between CS and severe symptomatic ECAS shown in old population, young patients did not show this association and showed relatively higher preference of ICAS.


Subject(s)
Atherosclerosis , Blood Sedimentation , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Constriction, Pathologic , Coronary Disease , Humans , Intracranial Arteriosclerosis , Logistic Models , Male , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Smoking , Tobacco Products
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739406

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Component-resolved diagnostics (CRD) is expected to provide additional diagnostic information in allergic patients. PROTIA™ Allergy-Q 64 Atopy®, a recently developed CRD-based multiplex specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) assay, can quantitatively measure sIgE to major allergen components. METHODS: The sIgE detection by PROTIA™ Allergy-Q 64 Atopy® and ImmunoCAP® assays was compared using the sera of 125 Korean allergic patients. Group 1 and 2 allergens of house dust mites (HDMs; Dermatophagoides farinae (Der f) 1 and Der f 2 in PROTIA™ Allergy-Q 64 Atopy®, Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (Der p) 1 and Der p 2 in ImmunoCAP®), Bet v 1, Fel d 1, Que a 1, ω-5 gliadin, α-lactalbumin, β-lactoglobulin, casein and α-Gal were measured by both assays. RESULTS: Comparing the results from the 2 assays, the agreement rate for all the 10 allergens was > 88% (group 1 HDM allergen, 100%; group 2 HDM allergen, 94.6%; Bet v 1, 97.4%; Fel d 1, 90.5%; Que a 1, 89.2%; α-lactalbumin, 96%; β-lactoglobulin, 88%; casein, 88%; ω-5 gliadin, 96%; α-Gal, 100%). Correlation analysis indicated that, all the 10 allergen sIgEs showed more than moderate positive correlation (Pearson correlation coefficients > 0.640). Additionally, intra-class comparison showed more than high correlation for all the 10 allergens (Spearman's rank correlation coefficients > 0.743). CONCLUSIONS: PROTIA™ Allergy-Q 64 Atopy® is reliable and comparable to the ImmunoCAP® assay for component-resolved diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Allergens , Caseins , Dermatophagoides farinae , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Diagnosis , Gliadin , Humans , Immunoassay , Immunoglobulin E , Immunoglobulins , Pyroglyphidae
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766648

ABSTRACT

Bilateral internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) refers to a specific gaze abnormality of bilateral adduction deficits, often accompanied by dissociated abducting nystagmus, caused by medial longitudinal fasciculus lesions usually due to multiple sclerosis or stroke. We report a 63-year-old man with clinical features of Miller-Fisher syndrome (MFS), consisting of ataxia, areflexia, and external ophthalmoplegia which mimicked bilateral-INO without an identifiable central lesion. Although bilateral adduction deficits are usually caused by central lesions, peripheral nervous damage by MFS is needed to be considered.


Subject(s)
Ataxia , Humans , Middle Aged , Miller Fisher Syndrome , Multiple Sclerosis , Ocular Motility Disorders , Ophthalmoplegia , Stroke
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788651

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Spondylitis is often chemotherapy resistant and requires long-term treatment. Without adequate chemotherapy, the outcome can be fatal or result in severe neurologic damage. Therefore, differentiating the etiology of spondylitis is very important, particularly in spontaneous cases. As the prevalence of tuberculosis in Korea has decreased in recent years, updated clinical research about spondylitis is warranted.METHODS: From April 2010 to March 2016, data from spondylitis patients were collected retrospectively. In total, 69 patients (51 with pyogenic spondylitis and 18 with tuberculous spondylitis) were included. Clinical data, laboratory findings including erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) level, measurements of Cobb angles at the initial and final follow-up, and radiologic features on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans were evaluated. To test differences between the pyogenic and tuberculous groups, numerical data were compared using the student’s t-test and Mann-Whitney U test, and categorical data were compared using the chi-square test and Fisher’s exact test.RESULTS: The patients’ mean age was 60.0 years. Male sex was slightly predominant (56.5%). There was no difference in mean age and sex between the two groups. The pyogenic group had a relatively higher proportion of immunocompromised patients. The peak CRP value was higher in the pyogenic group than in the tuberculous group (14.08 mg/dL and 8.50 mg/dL, respectively, p=0.009), whereas the ESR was not significantly different between the groups (81.5 mm/h and 75.6 mm/h, respectively, p=0.442). Radiologically, the presence of disc space sparing and vertebral body collapse differed between the groups. In the tuberculous group, the disc was more commonly preserved on contrast-enhanced MRI (50% and 23.5%, respectively, p=0.044), and vertebral body collapse was more common (66.6% and 15.7%, respectively, p < 0.001). The mean length of hospitalization was longer in the pyogenic group (56.5 days and 41.2 days, respectively, p=0.001). Four mortality cases were observed only in the pyogenic group. The most commonly isolated microorganism in the pyogenic group was Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) (methicillin susceptible S. aureus and methicillin resistant S. aureus [MRSA] in 8 and 4 cases, respectively).CONCLUSION: The clinical and radiological manifestations of spontaneous spondylitis differ based on the causative organism. Pyogenic spondylitis patients tend to have a higher CRP level and a more severe clinical course, whereas tuberculous spondylitis patients present with destruction of the vertebral body with disc sparing more frequently. The presence of MRSA is increasing in community-acquired spondylitis cases.


Subject(s)
Bacterial Infections , Blood Sedimentation , Bone Diseases, Infectious , C-Reactive Protein , Discitis , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Hospitalization , Humans , Immunocompromised Host , Korea , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Methicillin Resistance , Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus , Mortality , Osteomyelitis , Prevalence , Retrospective Studies , Spondylitis , Staphylococcus aureus , Tuberculosis
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