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1.
Immune Network ; : 30-37, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-192387

ABSTRACT

Collaboration of TLR and non-TLR pathways in innate immune cells, which acts in concert for the induction of inflammatory cytokines, can mount a specific adaptive immune response tailored to a pathogen. Here, we show that murine DC produced increased IL-23 and IL-6 when they were treated with LPS together with curdlan that activates TLR4 and dectin-1, respectively. We also found that the induction of the inflammatory cytokine production by LPS and curdlan requires activation of IKK. However, the same treatment did not induce DC to produce a sufficient amount of TGF-beta. As a result, the conditioned media from DC treated with LPS and curdlan was not able to direct CD4+ T cells to Th17 cells. Addition of TGF-beta but not IL-6 or IL-1beta was able to promote IL-17 production from CD4+ T cells. Our results showed that although signaling mediated by LPS together with curdlan is a potent stimulator of DC to secrete many pro-inflammatory cytokines, TGF-beta production is a limiting factor for promoting Th17 immunity.


Subject(s)
Adaptive Immunity , Cooperative Behavior , Culture Media, Conditioned , Cytokines , Interleukin-17 , Interleukin-23 , Interleukin-6 , T-Lymphocytes , Th17 Cells , Transforming Growth Factor beta
2.
Genomics & Informatics ; : 245-253, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11248

ABSTRACT

A radioresistant cell line was established by fractionated ionizing radiation (IR) and assessed by a clonogenic assay, flow cytometry, and Western blot analysis, as well as zymography and a wound healing assay. Microarray was performed to profile global expression and to search for differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in response to IR. H460R cells demonstrated increased cell scattering and acidic vesicular organelles compared with parental cells. Concomitantly, H460R cells showed characteristics of increased migration and matrix metalloproteinase activity. In addition, H460R cells were resistant to IR, exhibiting reduced expression levels of ionizing responsive proteins (p-p53 and gamma-H2AX); apoptosis-related molecules, such as cleaved poly(ADP ribose) polymerase; and endoplasmic reticulum stress-related molecules, such as glucose-regulated protein (GRP78) and C/EBP-homologous protein compared with parental cells, whereas the expression of anti-apoptotic X-linked inhibitor of apoptosis protein was increased. Among DEGs, syntrophin beta 2 (SNTB2) significantly increased in H460R cells in response to IR. Knockdown of SNTB2 by siRNA was more sensitive than the control after IR exposure in H460, H460R, and H1299 cells. Our study suggests that H460R cells have differential properties, including cell morphology, potential for metastasis, and resistance to IR, compared with parental cells. In addition, SNTB2 may play an important role in radioresistance. H460R cells could be helpful in in vitro systems for elucidating the molecular mechanisms of and discovering drugs to overcome radioresistance in lung cancer therapy.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Cell Line , Endoplasmic Reticulum , Flow Cytometry , Humans , Lung Neoplasms , Lung , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Neoplasm Metastasis , Organelles , Parents , Radiation, Ionizing , RNA, Small Interfering , Wound Healing , X-Linked Inhibitor of Apoptosis Protein
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