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1.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 285-293, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903585

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The HBsAg levels have been used to monitor the chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treatment response to antiviral therapy.On the other hand, it is unclear if the HBsAg quantification levels at each treatment point differ according to the HBeAg status and drug in CHB patients. This study compared the changes in HBsAg in CHB patients according to the HBeAg status and treatment drugs. @*Methods@#CHB patients with at least 1 year of follow-up treatment with one drug, either entecavir (ETV) or tenofovir (TDF), were enrolled in this study. The mean HBsAg levels were measured annually for up to 6 years. A linear mixed model was used to compare the HBsAg quantification levels during the follow-up period. An independent samples t-test was used to analyze the differences in the HBsAg quantification levels at each treatment time point. @*Results@#Ninety-seven patients were enrolled in this study; 59 among them were HBeAg-positive. Two patients in the TDF group achieved HBsAg seroconversion. The HBsAg level decreased during the follow-up in the ETV and TDF groups. The HBsAg level was lower in the TDF group than the ETV group during the follow-up. On the other hand, subgroup analysis showed that this trend was the same only in the HBeAg-negative patients, not in the HBeAg-positive patients. In the HBeAg-negative patients, HBsAg level in the TDF group was significantly lower than that in the ETV group at 36, 48, and 72 months. The change in HBsAg level from the baseline increased at a decreasing rate during the follow-up in both groups. Furthermore, the change in the HBsAg level in the TDF group was significantly larger than that of the ETV group at 36 months in the HBeAg-negative patients. @*Conclusions@#Although TDF might be more efficient than ETV in reducing the HBsAg level in HBeAg-negative patients in a few years, HBsAg seroconversion occurred very rarely. A further large-scale, long-term study will be needed to confirm the antiviral effects on the HBsAg level.

2.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 292-304, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875482

ABSTRACT

Chronic hepatitis C (CHC) treatment has dramatically improved since direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy was introduced. However, the use of DAA therapy in CHC patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains controversial. We investigated the DAA treatment response in CHC patients with HCC. Methods: We retrospectively analyzed CHC patients treated with DAA from 2016 to 2018. Patients were divided into two groups based on their HCC-history before DAA therapy. Baseline characteristics, sustained virologic response at 12 weeks (SVR 12), and HCC recurrence after DAA therapy were evaluated. We also used propensity score matching (PSM) in a 2:1 ratio to reduce confounding variables. Results: A total of 192 patients were enrolled; 78.1% were treatment-naïve, and 34.9% had liver cirrhosis (LC). Among these patients, 168 did not have HCC, and 24 had HCC. The HCC group was older (57.0 years vs. 72.0 years, p < 0.001), had a higher incidence of LC (26.2% vs. 95.8%, p < 0.001), fibrosis-4 index (2.6 vs. 9.2, p < 0.001), liver stiffness measurement (7.0 kPa vs. 17.4 kPa, p = 0.012), and α-fetoprotein (4.4 ng/mL vs. 8.2 ng/mL, p ≤ 0.001). The SVR 12 rate was 97.0% in the non- HCC group and 91.7% in the HCC group (p = 0.213). HCC recurrence was observed in 14 patients (58.3%) in the HCC group. Conclusions: DAA treatment efficacy in CHC patients with or those without HCC were not significantly different, and HCC recurrence was relatively common.

3.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 155-162, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900279

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Because hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication has been known to play animportant role in cancer recurrence after curative treatment of HBV-related hepatocellularcarcinoma (HCC), we examined whether treatment based on nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs)might decrease the recurrence rate and improve patient survival. @*Methods@#The retrospective cohort study enrolled 73 patients with chronic hepatitis B whowere treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA)with curative intent for HCC. Among those, 30 and 43 patients were treated with tenofovirdisoproxil fumarate (TDF) and entecavir (ETV), respectively. @*Results@#Of the 73 patients, 51 experienced HCC recurrence, and 14 patients were deadduring a follow-up of 73±34 months. Multivariate analyses showed that tumor size (hazardratio [HR], 1.590; 95% confidence-interval [CI], 1.106-2.285; P=0.012) and Child-Pugh class B(vs. class Aon cirrhosis; HR, 5.794; 95% CI, 2.311-14.523; P=0.001) was significantly associatedwith HCC recurrence, and Child-Pugh class B (HR, 7.357; 95% CI, 2.100-25.777; P=0.002) was anindependent unfavorable prognostic factor for survival. During NAs therapy, TDF was superiorto ETV for complete viral response at 1 year after the date of combination of TACE and RFA(P=0.016). However, the risks of HCC recurrence and survival were not significantly differentbetween those treated with TDF versus ETV. @*Conclusions@#TDF was superior to ETV for achieving complete viral response. However, therecurrence and mortality after TACE and RFA for HBV-related HCC were not significantlydifferent between patients treated with TDF versus ETV.

4.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 285-293, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895881

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The HBsAg levels have been used to monitor the chronic hepatitis B (CHB) treatment response to antiviral therapy.On the other hand, it is unclear if the HBsAg quantification levels at each treatment point differ according to the HBeAg status and drug in CHB patients. This study compared the changes in HBsAg in CHB patients according to the HBeAg status and treatment drugs. @*Methods@#CHB patients with at least 1 year of follow-up treatment with one drug, either entecavir (ETV) or tenofovir (TDF), were enrolled in this study. The mean HBsAg levels were measured annually for up to 6 years. A linear mixed model was used to compare the HBsAg quantification levels during the follow-up period. An independent samples t-test was used to analyze the differences in the HBsAg quantification levels at each treatment time point. @*Results@#Ninety-seven patients were enrolled in this study; 59 among them were HBeAg-positive. Two patients in the TDF group achieved HBsAg seroconversion. The HBsAg level decreased during the follow-up in the ETV and TDF groups. The HBsAg level was lower in the TDF group than the ETV group during the follow-up. On the other hand, subgroup analysis showed that this trend was the same only in the HBeAg-negative patients, not in the HBeAg-positive patients. In the HBeAg-negative patients, HBsAg level in the TDF group was significantly lower than that in the ETV group at 36, 48, and 72 months. The change in HBsAg level from the baseline increased at a decreasing rate during the follow-up in both groups. Furthermore, the change in the HBsAg level in the TDF group was significantly larger than that of the ETV group at 36 months in the HBeAg-negative patients. @*Conclusions@#Although TDF might be more efficient than ETV in reducing the HBsAg level in HBeAg-negative patients in a few years, HBsAg seroconversion occurred very rarely. A further large-scale, long-term study will be needed to confirm the antiviral effects on the HBsAg level.

5.
Journal of Liver Cancer ; : 155-162, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-892575

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Because hepatitis B virus (HBV) replication has been known to play animportant role in cancer recurrence after curative treatment of HBV-related hepatocellularcarcinoma (HCC), we examined whether treatment based on nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs)might decrease the recurrence rate and improve patient survival. @*Methods@#The retrospective cohort study enrolled 73 patients with chronic hepatitis B whowere treated with transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA)with curative intent for HCC. Among those, 30 and 43 patients were treated with tenofovirdisoproxil fumarate (TDF) and entecavir (ETV), respectively. @*Results@#Of the 73 patients, 51 experienced HCC recurrence, and 14 patients were deadduring a follow-up of 73±34 months. Multivariate analyses showed that tumor size (hazardratio [HR], 1.590; 95% confidence-interval [CI], 1.106-2.285; P=0.012) and Child-Pugh class B(vs. class Aon cirrhosis; HR, 5.794; 95% CI, 2.311-14.523; P=0.001) was significantly associatedwith HCC recurrence, and Child-Pugh class B (HR, 7.357; 95% CI, 2.100-25.777; P=0.002) was anindependent unfavorable prognostic factor for survival. During NAs therapy, TDF was superiorto ETV for complete viral response at 1 year after the date of combination of TACE and RFA(P=0.016). However, the risks of HCC recurrence and survival were not significantly differentbetween those treated with TDF versus ETV. @*Conclusions@#TDF was superior to ETV for achieving complete viral response. However, therecurrence and mortality after TACE and RFA for HBV-related HCC were not significantlydifferent between patients treated with TDF versus ETV.

6.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 566-573, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831856

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is the second-most common primary liver malignancy, arising from the peripheral intrahepatic bile duct epithelium. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) may be involved in the development of ICC. We explored the prognostic value of hepatitis virus infection, as well as other prognostic factors affecting survival in patients with ICC. @*Methods@#A retrospective chart review was performed for patients diagnosed with ICC between August 2005 and December 2018 at Konkuk University Medical Center. We identified a total of 131 patients with ICC. Overall survival rates of patients with and without hepatitis were determined. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to estimate factors influencing survival outcomes. @*Results@#A total of 17.6% (23/131) of patients were positive for HBV or HCV. Hepatitis B positive ICC patients were significantly younger with higher albumin and higher α-fetoprotein than those without hepatitis viral infections. The median survival of hepatitis-positive and hepatitis-negative groups was 280 and 213 days, respectively. Survival rates were not significantly different between the two groups (p = 0.279). Multivariate analyses indicated that lower serum carbohydrate antigen 19-9 (CA 19-9) (p < 0.001), lower T stage (p = 0.042), the absence of lymph-node metastasis (p = 0.043), and receiving curative surgery (p = 0.033) were independent predictors of better outcomes. @*Conclusions@#While hepatitis influenced a number of clinical features in ICC patients, it did not affect survival rate. Prognostic factors influencing survival outcomes with ICC were CA 19-9 level, T stage, the presence of lymph node metastasis, and curative surgery.

7.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 147-156, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-816687

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A switch to systemic therapy, such as sorafenib, should be considered for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients refractory to transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). On the other hand, treatment changes are difficult if the liver function worsens to Child-Pugh B or C. Therefore, predicting the risk factors for non-responsiveness to TACE and deteriorating liver function may be helpful.METHODS: Newly diagnosed Child-Pugh A HCC patients who underwent TACE from January 2012 to June 2018 were included. After 1 year, this study evaluated whether there was a treatment response to TACE and whether the Child-Pugh class had worsened.RESULTS: Among 121 patients, 65 were refractory and 56 responded to TACE. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, the tumor size, tumor number, and albumin at the time of the diagnosis of HCC were significant prognostic factors for the treatment response to TACE. Among 65 patients who presented TACE-refractoriness, 27 showed liver function deterioration from Child-Pugh class A to class B or C after TACE. In multivariable logistic regression analysis, bilirubin at the diagnosis of HCC was a significant prognostic factor for liver function deterioration. A predictive algorithm based on the regression equations revealed a sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, and negative predictive value of 74.1%, 74.5%, 45.5%, and 90.9%, respectively, for TACE-refractoriness and liver function deterioration.CONCLUSIONS: The prognostic model incorporating the tumor size, tumor number, albumin, and bilirubin at the diagnosis of HCC may help identify patients who show a poor response to TACE and aggravation of liver function after TACE, who may benefit from early switching into systemic therapy before liver function aggravation.

8.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 167-176, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-742146

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Surgical resection or ablation is recommended for the treatment of early hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), whereas transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is frequently used in early HCC ineligible for curative resection. We evaluated the clinical effects and safety of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) shortly after TACE in patients with Barcelona clinic liver cancer (BCLC) stage A HCC. METHODS: Sixty-seven BCLC stage A HCC patients who failed to achieve complete response to TACE as either a first line treatment and who subsequently received RFA at the Konkuk University Medical Center from January 2005 to December 2017 were included. Evaluation indices included treatment response, overall survival rate, recurrence-free survival, prognostic factors, and procedure-related complications. RESULTS: Median follow-up was 46.9 months. Fifty-four (80.6%) patients were of Child-Pugh class A, and 13 (19.4%) were of class B. Modified UICC stages were I in 10 (14.9%), II in 46 (68.7%), and III in 11 (16.4%) patients. In the 67 study subjects, cumulative recurrence-free survival rates were 86.8%, 55.9% and 29.7% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively, and overall survival rates were 100%, 93.4%, and 83.5% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Tumor size significantly predicted recurrence. No treatment-related death occurred. CONCLUSIONS: Combination of RFA was an efficient and safe treatment for BCLC stage A HCC patients that failed to achieve complete response to initial TACE. We suggest TACE plus RFA be considered as a curative option for early HCC patients ineligible for curative resection of RFA.


Subject(s)
Humans , Academic Medical Centers , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Catheter Ablation , Follow-Up Studies , Liver Neoplasms , Liver , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome
9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e335-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718394

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is a serious infectious complication in patients with liver cirrhosis. However, information about prognosis of SBP in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients is limited. We investigated the clinical course of SBP in HCC patients. METHODS: This study enrolled patients diagnosed with SBP between 2005 and 2017. Medical records of patients were reviewed and clinical course was compared between the non-HCC and HCC groups. RESULTS: In total, 123 SBP cases including 49 HCC cases were enrolled. Men were predominant (48/74, 64.9% vs. 34/49, 69.4%; P = 0.697); median age was 58 years in both non-HCC and HCC groups (P = 0.887). The most common etiology was alcohol (32/74, 43.2%) in non-HCC group and hepatitis B (30/49, 61.2%) in HCC group (P = 0.009). Antibiotic resistance rate was higher in non-HCC than in HCC group (29.7% vs. 12.2%; P = 0.028); in-hospital mortality did not differ between the groups (25/74, 33.8% vs. 13/49, 26.5%; P = 0.431). Development rate of hepatorenal syndrome did not differ between non-HCC and HCC group (14/74, 18.9% vs. 10/49, 20.4%; P = 1.000), but hepatic encephalopathy was less common in HCC group (26/74, 35.2% vs. 9/49, 18.3%; P = 0.008). The most important predictor of in-hospital mortality in patients with HCC was white blood cell count above 11,570 cells/mm3 (odds ratio, 6.629; 95% confidence interval, 1.652–26.590; P = 0.008). CONCLUSION: Prognosis of SBP in HCC patients is relatively less severe. This result may be related with reduced antibiotics resistance and lower development rates of other complications, such as hepatic encephalopathy. Degree of systemic inflammation may be the most important factor for in-hospital mortality.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Drug Resistance, Microbial , Hepatic Encephalopathy , Hepatitis B , Hepatorenal Syndrome , Hospital Mortality , Inflammation , Leukocyte Count , Liver Cirrhosis , Medical Records , Peritonitis , Prognosis
10.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 197-204, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717439

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Direct-acting antiviral (DAA) therapy has been shown to achieve a high rate of sustained virologic response (SVR) and favorable outcomes in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) patients. We investigated the virologic response and its clinical impact in CHC patients. METHODS: CHC patients with compensated liver function treated with DAAs between 2016 and 2017 were included for retrospective analysis. We analyzed baseline characteristics and virologic and biochemical responses at on-treatment 4 weeks, end of treatment, and post-treatment 12 weeks. Fibrosis was measured as liver stiffness measurement by transient elastography (FibroScan). Adverse events were monitored during the treatment period. RESULTS: A total of 135 patients (61.5% with genotype [GT] 1b and 38.5% with GT 2a) were enrolled 47.4% were male, 79.3% were treatment naive, and 30.4% had cirrhosis. SVR 12 was observed in 97.6% (81/83) in the GT 1b and 98.1% (51/52) in the GT 2a; treatment with daclatasvir+asunaprevir was the most commonly used in GT 1b (55/83), and sofosbuvir+ribavirin was the most commonly used in GT 2a (49/52). The median change of liver stiffness measurement at two time points using the signed rank test was -3.2 kPa in patients who underwent transient elastography before treatment and at SVR 12 (n=25). The most common adverse events were anemia, dyspepsia, and insomnia. One GT 2a patient treated with sofosbuvir+ribavirin stopped the treatment at 8 weeks due to symptomatic bradyarrhythmia; however, he recovered spontaneously and achieved SVR 12. CONCLUSIONS: DAA treatment of chronic hepatitis C genotype 1b and 2a resulted in a high rate of sustained virologic response and improvement of liver fibrosis score.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anemia , Antiviral Agents , Bradycardia , Dyspepsia , Elasticity Imaging Techniques , Fibrosis , Genotype , Hepatitis C, Chronic , Hepatitis, Chronic , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis , Retrospective Studies , Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders
11.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 129-134, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-155809

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Spontaneous bacterial peritonitis (SBP) is one of critical complications in liver cirrhosis patients with ascites. We aimed to review clinical course of SBP patients in a 10-year period from single center. METHODS: This study enrolled SBP patients between 2005 and 2015. Their medical records were reviewed. The laboratory findings of serum and ascites were examined, and characteristics of isolated microorganisms in ascites were analyzed. RESULTS: Total 51 patients were enrolled. Male patients were predominant (64.7%), and mean age was 59.20 years. The most common etiology of cirrhosis was alcohol (41.2%), followed by hepatitis B (39.2%). Microorganism was isolated from the ascites in 31 patients (60.78%). The proportions of Gram negative and Gram positive were 80.64% and 19.36%. The proportions of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella, and Streptococcus species were 29.41%, 19.61% and 11.76%. Among Escherichia colis, 4 cases were ESBL positive (7.84%). The most commonly used first-line antibiotic was cefotaxime (80.40%). Prophylactic antibiotics treatment was performed only in 8 patients, and SBP was recurred in 7 patients (13.72%). When comparing the SBP recurrence group and the non-recurrence group, there were no significant differences in laboratory findings of serum and ascitic fluid. CONCLUSIONS: SBP is still a critical complication in cirrhosis patients with ascites, and the clinical features of SBP have not been altered much compared with those in 1990's. The effective treatment of SBP is still very important for a better prognosis of cirrhosis patients.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Ascites , Ascitic Fluid , Bacteria , Cefotaxime , Escherichia coli , Fibrosis , Hepatitis B , Klebsiella , Liver Cirrhosis , Medical Records , Peritonitis , Prognosis , Recurrence , Streptococcus
12.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 636-646, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-67792

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Entecavir is a potent nucleoside analogue with high efficacy and barrier for resistance. We aimed to investigate the long-term efficacy and viral resistance rate of entecavir and explore the factors associated with virologic response, including quantitative hepatitis B surface antigen (qHBsAg) levels. METHODS: One thousand and nine treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients were evaluated for cumulative rates of virologic response, biochemical response, and entecavir mutations. The role of baseline qHBsAg for virologic response was assessed in 271 patients with qHBsAg prior to entecavir treatment. RESULTS: The median duration of entecavir treatment was 26.5 months. The cumulative rate of virologic response at years 1, 3, and 5 were 79.0%, 95.6%, and 99.4%, respectively. The cumulative rate of entecavir resistance was 1.0% and 2.1% in years 3 and 5. Multivariate analysis identified baseline hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) negative status (p < 0.001) and lower hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA (p < 0.001) as predictors of virologic response. Lower qHBsAg was an independent predictor of virologic response in patients with baseline qHBsAg. There were no serious adverse events during treatment. CONCLUSIONS: Long-term entecavir treatment of nucleos(t)ide-naïve CHB patients was associated with an excellent virologic response and a low rate of entecavir-resistant mutations at 5 years. Baseline HBV DNA load, qHBsAg levels, and HBeAg status were predictors of virologic response during entecavir treatment.


Subject(s)
Humans , DNA , Hepatitis B e Antigens , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Hepatitis B virus , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B, Chronic , Hepatitis , Multivariate Analysis
13.
Gut and Liver ; : 295-302, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-193415

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between controlled attenuation parameter (CAP) and hepatic steatosis, as assessed by ultrasound (US) in patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) or non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). METHODS: Patients with either ALD or NAFLD who were diagnosed with fatty liver with US and whose CAP scores were measured, were retrospectively enrolled in this study. The degree of hepatic steatosis assessed by US was categorized into mild (S1), moderate (S2), and severe (S3). RESULTS: A total of 186 patients were included: 106 with NAFLD and 80 with ALD. Regarding hepatic steatosis, the CAP score was significantly correlated with US (ρ=0.580, p<0.001), and there was no significant difference between the NAFLD and ALD groups (ρ=0.569, p<0.001; ρ=0.519, p<0.001; p=0.635). Using CAP, area under receiver operating characteristic curves for ≥S2 and ≥S3 steatosis were excellent (0.789 and 0.843, respectively). For sensitivity ≥90%, CAP cutoffs for the detection of ≥S2 and ≥S3 steastosis were separated with a gap of approximately 35 dB/m in all patients and in each of the NAFLD and ALD groups. CONCLUSIONS: The CAP score is well correlated with hepatic steatosis, as assessed by US, in both ALD and NAFLD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Fatty Liver, Alcoholic/classification , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/classification , ROC Curve , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Severity of Illness Index , Ultrasonography/methods
14.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 222-228, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194207

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Visceral larva migrans, caused by Toxocara canis and Toxocara cati, has emerged as a significant cause of eosinophilic liver abscess (ELA). Differentiation of ELA associated with toxocariasis (ELA-T) from metastasis or primary liver malignancy is sometimes difficult. However, the role of albendazole treatment remains uncertain in this condition. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether albendazole can enhance the radiologic resolution of ELA-T. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of the patients diagnosed with ELA-T at our institution between January 2008 and December 2011. ELA-T was diagnosed based on the imaging findings on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging and the presence of positive serum IgG antibody for Toxocara canis. Among a total of 163 patients, 32 patients received albendazole (albendazole group) and 131 did not (control group). Baseline characteristics and fate of liver nodules were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Baseline characteristics (age, sex, number and maximal size of lesions, eosinophil count) were similar between the two groups. Median duration for achieving radiologic resolution in the albendazole group was significantly shorter than in the control group (207 days [range 186-228] vs. 302 days [range 224-380], p=0.023). In Cox regression analysis of the cumulative rates of radiologic resolution, the hazard ratio for albendazole treatment was 1.99 (95% confidence interval, 1.22-3.23). CONCLUSIONS: Radiologic resolution of ELA-T can be accelerated with albendazole treatment. Hence, inconvenience associated with long-term follow-up and unnecessary worries among patients can be eliminated with albendazole treatment.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Animals , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Albendazole/therapeutic use , Antiprotozoal Agents/therapeutic use , Eosinophils/immunology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Larva Migrans, Visceral/drug therapy , Liver/enzymology , Liver Abscess/etiology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Proportional Hazards Models , Retrospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Toxocara canis/immunology
15.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 232-241, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157205

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hepatitis-B-related acute-on-chronic liver failure has a poor prognosis. However, the advent of potent oral antiviral agents means that some patients can now recover with medical treatment. We aimed to identify the prognostic factors for hepatitis-B-related acute-on-chronic liver failure including the initial as well as the dynamically changing clinical parameters during admission. METHODS: Sixty-seven patients were retrospectively enrolled from 2003 to 2012 at Samsung Medical Center. The patients were classified into three categories: Recovery group (n=23), Liver transplantation group (n=28), and Death group (n=16). The Liver transplantation and Death groups were combined into an Unfavorable prognosis group. We analyzed the prognostic factors including the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) scores determined at 3-day intervals. RESULTS: A multivariable analysis showed that the unfavorable prognostic factors were a high initial MELD score (> or =28) (odds ratio [OR] =6.64, p=0.015), moderate-to-severe ascites at admission (OR=6.71, P=0.012), and the aggravation of hepatic encephalopathy during hospitalization (> or =grade III) (OR=15.41, P=0.013). Compared with the baseline level, significant reductions in the MELD scores were observed on the 7th day after admission in the Recovery group (P=0.016). CONCLUSIONS: Dynamic changes in clinical parameters during admission are useful prognostic factors for hepatitis-B-related acute-on-chronic liver failure.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Acute-On-Chronic Liver Failure/diagnosis , Antibodies, Monoclonal, Murine-Derived/therapeutic use , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Cyclophosphamide/therapeutic use , DNA, Viral/analysis , Doxorubicin/therapeutic use , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Hospitalization , Liver Transplantation , Multivariate Analysis , Odds Ratio , Prednisone/therapeutic use , Prognosis , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Vincristine/therapeutic use
16.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 393-397, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91723

ABSTRACT

A 51-year-old male patient with chronic hepatitis B was referred to our hospital due to a 1-cm liver nodule on ultrasonography. Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) was slightly elevated. The nodule showed prolonged enhancement on dynamic liver magnetic resonance imaging and appeared as a hyperintensity on both diffusion-weighted and T2-weighted imaging. The nodule was followed up because it was small and typical findings of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) were not observed in the dynamic imaging investigations. However, liver contrast-enhanced ultrasonography performed 1 month later showed enhancement during the arterial phase and definite washout during the delayed phase. Also, AFP had increased to over 200 ng/mL even though AST and ALT were decreased after administering an antiviral agent. He was presumptively diagnosed as HCC and underwent liver segmentectomy. Microscopy findings of the specimen indicated bile duct adenoma. After resection, the follow-up AFP had decreased to within the normal range. This patient represents a case of bile duct adenoma with AFP elevation mimicking HCC on contrast-enhanced ultrasonography.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Bile Duct Neoplasms/complications , Bile Ducts, Intrahepatic , Hepatitis B, Chronic/complications , Liver/pathology , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , alpha-Fetoproteins/metabolism
17.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 32-41, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106137

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The efficacy of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients following prior treatment failure with multiple nucleos(t)ide analogues (NAs) is not well defined, especially in Asian populations. In this study we investigated the efficacy and safety of TDF rescue therapy in CHB patients after multiple NA treatment failure. METHODS: The study retrospectively analyzed 52 CHB patients who experienced failure with two or more NAs and who were switched to regimens containing TDF. The efficacy and safety assessments included hepatitis B virus (HBV) DNA undetectability, hepatitis B envelop antigen (HBeAg) seroclearance, alanine transaminase (ALT) normalization and changes in serum creatinine and phosphorus levels. RESULTS: The mean HBV DNA level at baseline was 5.4 +/- 1.76 log10 IU/mL. At a median duration of 34.5 months of TDF treatment, the cumulative probabilities of achieving complete virological response (CVR) were 25.0%, 51.8%, 74.2%, and 96.7% at 6, 12, 24, and 48 months, respectively. HBeAg seroclearance occurred in seven of 48 patients (14.6%). ALT levels were normalized in 27 of 31 patients (87.1%) with elevated ALT at baseline. Lower levels of HBV DNA at baseline were significantly associated with increased CVR rates (p < 0.001). However, CVR rates did not differ between TDF monotherapy or combination therapy with other NAs, and were not affected by mutations associated with resistance to NAs. No significant adverse events were observed. CONCLUSIONS: TDF is an efficient and safe rescue therapy for CHB patients after treatment failure with multiple NAs.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Adenine/adverse effects , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Antiviral Agents/adverse effects , Biomarkers/blood , Creatinine/blood , DNA, Viral/blood , Drug Resistance, Viral/genetics , Drug Substitution , Genotype , Hepatitis B e Antigens/blood , Hepatitis B virus/drug effects , Hepatitis B, Chronic/blood , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Mutation , Phosphorous Acids/adverse effects , Phosphorus/blood , Retrospective Studies , Time Factors , Treatment Failure , Viral Load
18.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : 1618-1624, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66173

ABSTRACT

Sometimes, hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related cirrhotic patients with normal aminotransferase levels are closely followed-up for the elevation of aminotransferase levels instead of prompt antiviral therapy (AVT). We analyzed the long-term hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk according to the aminotransferase levels in a retrospective cohort of 1,468 treatment-naive, HBV-related, compensated cirrhosis patients with elevated HBV DNA levels (> or =2,000 IU/mL). Based on aminotransferase levels, patients were categorized into normal ( or =40 U/L, n = 1,104). During a median of 5.3 yr of follow-up (range: 1.0-8.2 yr), HCC developed in 296 (20%) patients. The 5-yr cumulative HCC incidence rate was higher in patients with elevated aminotransferase level, but was not low in normal aminotransferase level (17% vs. 14%, P = 0.004). During the follow-up, 270/364 (74%) patients with normal aminotransferase levels experienced elevation of aminotransferase levels, and AVT was initiated in 1,258 (86%) patients. Less patients with normal aminotransferase levels received AVT (70% vs. 91%, P < 0.001) and median time to start AVT was longer (17.9 vs. 2.4 months, P < 0.001). AVT duration was an independent factor associated with HCC, and median duration of AVT was shorter (4.0 vs. 2.6 yr, P < 0.001) in patients with normal aminotransferase levels. The HCC risk of compensated cirrhosis patients with normal aminotransferase level is not low, and AVT duration is associated with lowered HCC risk, indicating that prompt AVT should be strongly considered even for those with normal aminotransferase levels.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Alanine Transaminase/blood , Biomarkers/blood , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/blood , Causality , Comorbidity , DNA, Viral/blood , Hepatitis B/blood , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Incidence , Liver Cirrhosis/blood , Liver Neoplasms/blood , Reproducibility of Results , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Risk Factors , Sensitivity and Specificity
19.
Gut and Liver ; : 543-551, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-91772

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The role of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) remains uncertain in patients with viable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) after transarterial chemoembolization (TACE). METHODS: A total of 101 patients (April 2007 to August 2010) underwent RFA for residual or recurrent HCC after TACE. We analyzed their long-term outcomes and predictive factors. RESULTS: The overall survival rates after RFA were 93.1%, 65.4%, and 61.0% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Predictive factors for favorable overall survival were Child-Pugh class A (hazard ratio [HR], 3.45; p=0.001), serum alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level or =20 ng/mL (HR, 3.02; p or =30 mm at RFA (HR, 2.90; p=0.005), and nonresponse to the last TACE (HR, 2.13; p=0.013). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with recurrent or residual HCC who undergo prior TACE show a favorable overall survival, although their tumors seem to recur early and frequently. While good liver function, a low serum AFP level, and recurrent tumors were independent predictive factors for a favorable overall survival, poor response to TACE, a high serum AFP level, and large tumors are associated with early recurrence.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular/mortality , Catheter Ablation , Chemoembolization, Therapeutic/mortality , Combined Modality Therapy/mortality , Liver Neoplasms/mortality , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/mortality , Survival Rate , Treatment Outcome , alpha-Fetoproteins/analysis
20.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 283-290, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-106797

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: To investigate the efficacy and longterm outcome of esophageal variceal ligation (EVL) plus propranolol in comparison with propranolol alone for the primary prophylaxis of esophageal variceal bleeding. METHODS: A total of 504 patients were retrospectively enrolled in this study. 330 patients were in propranolol group (Gr1) and 174 patients were in EVL plus propranolol group (Gr2). The endpoints of this study were esophageal variceal bleeding and mortality. Association analyses were performed to evaluate bleeding and mortality between Gr1 and Gr2. RESULTS: EVL was more applied in patients with high risk, such as large-sized varices (F2 or F3) or positive red color signs. Total 38 patients had bleeds, 32 in Gr1 and 6 in Gr2. The cumulative probability of bleeding at 120 months was 13% in Gr1 versus 4% in Gr2 (P=0.04). The predictive factors of variceal bleeding were red color signs (OR 2.962, P=0.007) and the method of propranolol plus EVL (OR 0.160, P=0.000). 20 patients died in Gr1 and 12 in Gr2. Mortality rates are similar in the two groups compared, 6.7% in Gr1 and 6.9% in Gr2. The cumulative probability of mortality at 120 months was not significantly different in the two groups (7% in Gr1, 12% in Gr2, P=0.798). The prognostic factors for mortality were age over 50 (OR 5.496, P=0.002), Child-Pugh class B (OR 3.979, P=0.001), and Child-Pugh class C (OR 10.861, P=0.000). CONCLUSIONS: EVL plus propranolol is more effective than propranolol alone in the prevention of the first variceal bleeding in patients with liver cirrhosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adrenergic beta-Antagonists/therapeutic use , Esophageal and Gastric Varices/pathology , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrointestinal Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Ligation , Liver Cirrhosis/etiology , Logistic Models , Odds Ratio , Proportional Hazards Models , Propranolol/therapeutic use , Retrospective Studies , Severity of Illness Index , Survival Rate
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