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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875472

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#We investigated whether serum neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) can predict mortality in patients with acute kidney injury (AKI) requiring continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). @*Methods@#This study enrolled 169 patients who underwent serum NGAL testing at CRRT initiation from June 2017 to January 2019. The predictive power of serum NGAL level for 28-day mortality was compared to the Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation-II (APACHE-II) score and Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) score via area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AuROC) value. @*Results@#There were 55 survivors and 114 non-survivors at 28 days post-CRRT initiation. Median serum NGAL level was significantly higher in the non-survivor group than in the survivor group (743.0 ng/mL vs. 504.0 ng/mL, p = 0.003). The AuROC value of serum NGAL level was 0.640, which was lower than APACHEII score and SOFA score values (0.767 and 0.715, respectively). However, in the low APACHE-II score group (< 27.5), AuROC value of serum NGAL was significantly increased (0.698), and it was an independent risk factor for 28 day-mortality (hazard ratio, 2.405; 95% confidence interval, 1.209 to 4.783; p = 0.012). @*Conclusions@#In patients with AKI requiring CRRT, serum NGAL levels may be useful for predicting short-term mortality in those with low APACHE-II scores.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875448

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#To investigate if BK virus (BKV)-specific T cell immunity measured by an interferon-γ enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay can predict the outcome of BK virus infection in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). @*Methods@#We included 68 KTRs with different viremia status (no viremia [n = 17], BK viremia [n = 27], and cleared viremia [n = 24]) and 44 healthy controls (HCs). The BK viremia group was divided into controller ( 3 months) according to sustained duration of BKV infection. We compared BKV-ELISPOT results against five BKV peptides (large tumor antigen [LT], St, VP1-3). @*Results@#BKV-ELISPOT results were higher in three KTRs groups with different BKV infection status than the HCs group (p < 0.05). In KTR groups, they were higher in cleared viremia group than no viremia or BK viremia group. Within the BK viremia group, controller group had higher LT-ELISPOT results compared to noncontroller group (p = 0.032). Also, KTRs without BK virus-associated nephropathy (BKVN) had higher LT, St, VP1, and VP2-ELISPOT results than those with BKVN (p < 0.05). @*Conclusions@#BKV-ELISPOT assay may be effective in predicting clinical outcomes of BKV infection in terms of clearance of BK virus and development of BKVN.

3.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 652-659, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833327

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The benefits of early administration of androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) in patients with prostate-specific antigen (PSA)-only recurrent prostate cancer (PCa) following radical prostatectomy (RP) are controversial. We investigated the impact of early versus delayed ADT on survival outcomes in patients with non-metastatic, localized or locally advanced PCa who received radiation therapy (RT) following RP and later developed distant metastasis. @*Materials and Methods@#A retrospective analysis was performed on 69 patients with non-metastatic, localized or locally advanced PCa who received RT following RP and later developed distant metastasis between January 2006 and December 2012. Patients were stratified according to the level of PSA at which ADT was administered (<2 ng/mL vs. ≥2 ng/mL). Study endpoints were progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)-free survival and cancer-specific survival (CSS). @*Results@#Patients were stratified according to the criteria of 2 ng/mL of PSA at which ADT was administered, based on the Youden sensitivity analysis. Delayed ADT at PSA ≥2 ng/mL was an independent prognosticator of cancer-specific mortality (p=0.047), and a marginally significant prognosticator of progression to CRPC (p=0.051). During the median follow-up of 81.0 (interquartile range 54.2–115.7) months, patients who received early ADT at PSA <2 ng/mL had significantly higher CSS rates compared to patients who received delayed ADT at PSA ≥2 ng/mL (p=0.002). Progression to CRPC-free survival was comparable between the two groups (p=0.331). @*Conclusion@#Early ADT at the PSA level of less than 2 ng/mL confers CSS benefits in patients with localized or locally advanced PCa who were previously treated with RP.

4.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831888

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) has antioxidant effects and is commercially available and marketed extensively. However, due to its low bioavailability, its effects are still controversial. We developed a water-soluble CoQ10-based micelle formulation (CoQ10-W) and tested it in an experimental model of tacrolimus (TAC)-induced diabetes mellitus (DM). @*Methods@#We developed CoQ10-W from a glycyrrhizic-carnitine mixed layer CoQ10 micelle preparation based on acyltransferases. TAC-induced DM rats were treated with either lipid-soluble CoQ10 (CoQ10-L) or CoQ10-W for 4 weeks. Their plasma and pancreatic CoQ10 concentrations were measured using liquid chromatography- tandem mass spectrometry. The therapeutic efficacies of CoQ10-W and CoQ10-L on TAC-induced DM were compared using functional and morphological parameters and their effects on cell viability and reactive oxygen species (ROS) production were also evaluated in cultured rat insulinoma cells. @*Results@#The plasma CoQ10 level was significantly increased in the CoQ10-W group compared to that in the CoQ10-L group. Intraperitoneal glucose tolerance tests and glucose-stimulated insulin secretion revealed that CoQ10-W controlled hyperglycemia and restored insulin secretion significantly better than CoQ10-L. The TAC-mediated decrease in pancreatic islet size was significantly attenuated by CoQ10-W but not by CoQ10-L. TAC-induced oxidative stress and apoptosis were significantly more reduced by CoQ10-W than CoQ10-L. Electron microscopy revealed that CoQ10-W restored TAC-induced attenuation in the number of insulin granules and the average mitochondrial area, unlike CoQ10-L. In vitro studies showed that CoQ10-L and CoQ10-W both improved cell viability and reduced ROS production in TAC-treated islet cells to a similar extent. @*Conclusions@#CoQ10-W has better therapeutic efficacy than CoQ10-L in TAC-induced DM.

5.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831827

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#It is undetermined if herbal medicines (HM) containing aristolochic acid (AA)-containing have similar nephrotoxicity to AA itself. @*Methods@#We administered HM containing a high concentration of AA for 5 days (short-term study) or a low concentration of AA for 30 days (long-term study) to C57BL/6 mice; for comparison, same dose of AA compound was used as controls. @*Results@#The nephrotoxicity in the HM- and AA-treated mice was compared in terms of renal function, histopathology, oxidative stress, apoptotic cell death, and mitochondrial damage. Short-term HM treatment resulted in acute kidney injury (marked renal dysfunction, acute tubular necrosis, and neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin [NGAL] expression) in which the severity of renal dysfunction and histopathology was comparable with that induced by the administration of AA alone. Long-term HM treatment resulted in features of chronic kidney disease (CKD, mild renal dysfunction and tubular atrophy and dilatation). No significant differences in these parameters were observed between the HM- and AA-treated mice. HM-induced oxidative stress (8-hydroxy-2’-deoxyguanosine and manganese- dependent superoxide dismutase expression) and apoptotic cell death (terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labelling [TUNEL]-positive cells and active caspase-3 expression) were similar in HM- and AA-treated mice in the short-term and long-term studies. Mitochondrial injury, evaluated by electron microscopy, was also similar in HM- and AA-treated mice in the short-term and long-term studies. @*Conclusions@#The nephrotoxic potential of HM containing AA was similar to that of AA itself.

6.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831519

ABSTRACT

Chaga mushrooms are widely used in folk remedies and in alternative medicine. Contrary to many beneficial effects, its adverse effect is rarely reported. We here report a case of end-stage renal disease after long-term taking Chaga mushroom. A 49-year-old Korean man with end stage renal disease (ESRD) was transferred to our hospital. Review of kidney biopsy finding was consistent with chronic tubulointerstitial nephritis with oxalate crystal deposits and drug history revealed long-term exposure to Chaga mushroom powder due to intractable atopic dermatitis. We suspected the association between Chaga mushroom and oxalate nephropathy, and measured the oxalate content of remained Chaga mushroom. The Chaga mushroom had extremely high oxalate content (14.2/100 g). Estimated daily oxalate intake of our case was 2 times for four years and 5 times for one year higher than that of usual diet. Chaga mushroom is a potential risk factor of chronic kidney disease considering high oxalate content. Nephrologist should consider oxalate nephropathy in ESRD patients exposed to Chaga mushrooms.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834934

ABSTRACT

Background@#The aim of this study was to compare the effect of anemia on clinical outcomes according to age in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). @*Methods@#A total of 3,409 patients from the Clinical Research Center for ESRD were included and divided into three groups by age: age < 40 (n = 488), 40 ≤ age < 60 (n = 1,650), and age ≥ 60 (n = 1,271). We compared overall and cardiovascular mortality, and all-cause and cardiovascular hospitalization according to mean hemoglobin (Hb) concentration. @*Results@#Among participants ≥ 60 years of age, the Hb < 10 g/dL group had greater all-cause mortality (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 2.098; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.567-2.808; P < 0.001) than the 10 ≤ Hb < 12 g/dL group, whereas among participants < 40 years of age, the Hb ≥ 12 g/dL group had greater mortality than the 10 ≤ Hb < 12 g/dL group. Moreover, in participants ≥ 60 years of age, the HR for all-cause hospitalization for the Hb < 10 g/dL group was significantly greater than that of the 10 ≤ Hb < 12 g/dL group (HR, 1.472; 95% CI, 1.057-2.051; P = 0.022), whereas it was significantly lower in the Hb ≥ 12 g/dL group (HR, 0.544; 95% CI, 0.362-0.820; P = 0.004) However, among participants < 40 years of age, the incidence of all-cause hospitalization did not differ according to the Hb concentration (HR, 1.273; 95% CI, 0.814-1.991; P = 0.290 for the Hb < 10 g/dL group; reference, 10 ≤ Hb < 12 g/dL; HR, 0.787; 95% CI, 0.439-1.410; P = 0.265 for Hb ≥ 12 g/dL group). @*Conclusion@#The impact of anemia on mortality was more significant in elderly ESRD patients. Strict monitoring and management of anemia should be required for elderly ESRD patients.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786195

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Cancer rates are increasing not only in the general population but also in patients with end-stage renal disease. We investigated the changing pattern of pretransplant malignancy in kidney transplant recipients over 5 decades.METHODS: We reviewed 3,748 kidney transplant recipients between 1969 and 2016. We divided patients into three groups (1969–1998, 1999–2006, 2007–2016) based on the era of the cancer screening system used throughout the nation. We analyzed the incidence and pattern of pretransplant malignancy among the three groups. We also evaluated recurrent and de novo malignancy in these patients compared to patients without pretransplant malignancy.RESULTS: A total of 72 patients exhibited pretransplant malignancy (1.9%). There were no cases of pretransplant cancer until 1998, but the rate of pretransplant malignancy gradually increased to 1.1% during 1999–2006 and further increased to 4.3% thereafter. The most frequent types of pretransplant malignancy changed from the bladder, liver, and stomach cancers to thyroid cancer and renal cell carcinoma. There were no de novo cases, but there were three cases of recurrent cancer in patients with pretransplant malignancy; the recurrence rate among kidney transplant recipients with pretransplant malignancy was not significantly different from the incidence rate of de novo malignancy among kidney transplant recipients without pretransplant malignancy (4.2% vs. 6.9%, P = 0.48).CONCLUSION: The incidence of pretransplant malignancy in kidney transplantation candidates is gradually increasing, and recent increases were accompanied by changes in cancer types. Pretransplant malignancy may not be a hindrance to kidney transplantation because of the low incidence of posttransplant recurrence and de novo malignancy.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Renal Cell , Early Detection of Cancer , Humans , Incidence , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Liver , Recurrence , Stomach Neoplasms , Thyroid Neoplasms , Transplant Recipients , Urinary Bladder
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764925

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Recently, younger prostate cancer (PCa) patients have been reported to harbour more favourable disease characteristics after radical prostatectomy (RP) than older men. We analysed young men (< 50 years) with PCa among the Korean population, paying attention to pathological characteristics on RP specimen and biochemical recurrence (BCR). METHODS: The multi-centre, Severance Urological Oncology Group registry was utilized to identify 622 patients with clinically localized or locally advanced PCa, who were treated with RP between 2001 and 2017. Patients were dichotomized into two groups according to age (< 50-year-old [n = 75] and ≥ 50-year-old [n = 547]), and clinicopathological characteristics were analysed. Propensity score matching was used when assessing BCR between the two groups. RESULTS: Although biopsy Gleason score (GS) was lower in younger patients (P = 0.033), distribution of pathologic GS was similar between the two groups (13.3% vs. 13.9% for GS ≥ 8, P = 0.191). There was no significant difference in pathologic T stage between the < 50- and ≥ 50-year-old groups (69.3% vs. 68.0% in T2 and 30.7% vs. 32.0% in ≥ T3, P = 0.203). The positive surgical margin rates were similar between the two groups (20.0% vs. 27.6%, P = 0.178). BCR-free survival rates were also similar (P = 0.644) between the two groups, after propensity matching. CONCLUSION: Contrary to prior reports, younger PCa patients did not have more favourable pathologic features on RP specimen and showed similar BCR rates compared to older men. These findings should be considered when making treatment decisions for young Korean patients with PCa.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Humans , Korea , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasm Grading , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prognosis , Propensity Score , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence , Survival Rate , Young Adult
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758999

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Renal Insufficiency, Chronic
11.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1129-1137, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762072

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Local treatment has become a treatment option for patients with de novo metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer (mHSPC). Subgroup analyses based on a history of cerebrovascular disease (CVD) were performed to evaluate the impact thereof on overall survival (OS) after local treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed for 879 patients with de novo mHSPC between August 2003 and November 2016. Patients were stratified according to prior CVD history and the type of initial treatment: androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) alone versus local treatment consisting of radical prostatectomy (RP) or radiation therapy (RT) with ADT, with or without metastasis-directed therapy. The primary outcome was OS assessed by Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox-regression models. RESULTS: Of 879 patients, 660 (75.1%) men underwent ADT alone, and 219 (24.9%) men underwent RP or RT with ADT, with or without metastasis-directed therapy. The median follow-up was 38 months. Multivariable analysis showed CVD history to be associated with a higher risk of overall mortality (p=0.001). In the overall cohort and in patients without a history of CVD, patients who underwent local treatment exhibited higher OS than men who received ADT alone (all p<0.001). However, the survival benefit conferred by local treatment was not seen in patients with a history of CVD (p=0.324). OS was comparable between patients who received RP and RT (p=0.521). CONCLUSION: Local treatment with or without metastasis-directed therapy may provide OS advantages for mHSPC patients without a history of CVD. Further prospective studies are needed to address these important concerns.


Subject(s)
Cerebrovascular Disorders , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Male , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prospective Studies , Prostate , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Retrospective Studies
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717186

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The true incidence of aristolochic acid nephropathy (AAN) is thought to be underestimated because numerous ingredients known or suspected to contain aristolochic acid (AA) are used in traditional medicine in Korea. METHODS: We collected data on cases of AAN since 1996 via a database in Korea. We evaluated the year of AAN development, route to obtaining AA-containing herbal medicine, gender, reason for taking AA-containing herbal medicine, clinical manifestations, histological findings, phytochemical analysis, and prognosis of patients with AAN. RESULTS: Data on 16 cases of AAN were collected. Thirteen cases developed AAN before and three cases after the prohibition of AA-containing herbal medicine by the Korea Food and Drug Administration. Patients were prescribed AA-containing herbal medicine from oriental clinics or had purchased it from traditional markets. AAN was distributed in all age groups. Young females were most commonly exposed to AA-containing herbal medicine for slimming purposes and postpartum health promotion, while older adults took AA-containing compounds for the treatment of chronic diseases. The most common symptoms presented at hospitalization were nausea and vomiting, and acute kidney injury was accompanied by Fanconi syndrome in almost half of the patients. Phytochemical analysis of AA in herbal medicine was available in six cases. Progression to end stage renal disease (ESRD) was observed in seven patients (43.8%), and five patients (31.3%) had progressed to ESRD within 6 months of diagnosis. CONCLUSIONS: Our report shows that patients were still exposed to AA-containing herbal medicine and that there is a possibility of underdiagnosis of AAN in Korea. A stronger national supervision system of herbal ingredients and remedies in oriental medicine is needed to prevent AAN.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Adult , Chronic Disease , Diagnosis , Fanconi Syndrome , Female , Health Promotion , Herbal Medicine , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Kidney Failure, Chronic , Korea , Medicine, East Asian Traditional , Medicine, Traditional , Nausea , Organization and Administration , Postpartum Period , Prognosis , United States Food and Drug Administration , Vomiting
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717054

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Evidence of antibody-mediated injury in the absence of donor-specific HLA antibodies (HLA-DSA) has recently emerged, suggesting a role of antibodies in targeting non-HLA antigens expressed on renal allograft tissue. However, the clinical significance of pre-transplant non-HLA antibodies remains unclear. We compared the histological and clinical impact of pre-transplant HLA-DSA and non-HLA antibodies, especially angiotensin II type I receptor (anti-AT1R) and MHC class I-related chain A (anti-MICA), in kidney transplant patients. METHODS: Pre-transplant HLA-DSA, anti-AT1R, and anti-MICA were retrospectively examined in 359 kidney transplant patients to determine the effect of each antibody on allograft survival and clinical characteristics. RESULTS: Pre-transplant HLA-DSA, anti-AT1R, and anti-MICA were detected in 37 (10.3%), 174 (48.5%), and 50 patients (13.9%), respectively. Post-transplant antibody-mediated rejection was associated with a pre-transplant HLA-DSA (+) status only. The development of microvascular inflammation (MVI) was associated with pre-transplant HLA-DSA (P=0.001) and anti-AT1R (P=0.036). Anti-AT1R (+) patients had significantly lower allograft survival compared with anti-AT1R (−) patients (P=0.042). Only pre-transplant anti-AT1R positivity was an independent risk factor for allograft failure (hazard ratio 4.824, confidence interval 1.017–24.888; P=0.038). MVI was the most common histological feature of allograft failure in patients with pre-transplant anti-AT1R. CONCLUSIONS: Pre-transplant anti-AT1R is an important risk factor for allograft failure, which may be mediated by MVI induction in the allograft tissue.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Angiotensin II , Angiotensins , Antibodies , Humans , Inflammation , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Major Histocompatibility Complex , Receptor, Angiotensin, Type 1 , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
14.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716932

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bortezomib has been used to treat antibody-mediated rejection (AMR) that usually develops after kidney transplantation (KT). Although it has been used in various clinical situations, it is difficult to precisely define how the drug affects the clinical course. We used bortezomib to treat eight cases of AMR that developed immediately following KT in patients who were resistant to conventional treatment. METHODS: Eight cases of refractory AMR that developed immediately after KT were treated with bortezomib on days 1, 4, 8, and 11. RESULTS: The resolution rate was 75%, and the 2-year rejection-free survival rate was 83%. Six cases underwent immunologically high-risk KT. Six recovering patients exhibited clinical improvement within 2 weeks of the first dose of bortezomib and recovered completely within 2 months. The effects of bortezomib seemed to be prolonged; only one additional rejection episode was observed. The two failed patients never exhibited any clinical improvement and progressed aggressively to graft failure soon after transplantation. Their donor specific anti-human leukocyte antigen antibody were sustained at high levels. CONCLUSIONS: Bortezomib is an effective rescue therapy in patients with AMR that developed immediately after KT.


Subject(s)
Bortezomib , Graft Rejection , Humans , Immunosuppression , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Leukocytes , Survival Rate , Tissue Donors , Transplants
15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716804

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Penile cancer is a rare malignancy associated with high rates of mortality and morbidity. Currently, the efficacy of adjuvant treatment (AT), including radiotherapy and chemotherapy, for penile cancer remains unclear. Therefore, we investigated the prognostic factors for treatment outcomes and the efficacy of AT in consecutive patients who underwent penectomy for penile cancer at multiple Korean institutions between 1999 and 2013. METHODS: AT was defined as the administration of chemotherapy, radiotherapy, or both within 12 months after initial treatment. All patients were divided into two groups according to the AT status. RESULTS: Forty-three patients (median age 67.0 years) with a median follow-up after penectomy of 26.4 (interquartile range: 12.0–62.8) months were enrolled. Patients with AT had a significantly higher pathologic stage. However, no differences in age, histologic grade, or type of surgery were identified according to the presence of AT. The 3- and 5-year cancer-specific survival (CSS) rates were 79.0% and 33.0%, respectively. In a multivariate analysis, American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) stage ≥ III disease was an independent predictor of CSS and recurrence-free survival (RFS). However, AT was not associated with CSS and RFS. The type of primary surgical treatment and inguinal lymph node dissection at diagnosis were also not significantly associated with overall survival, CSS, or RFS. CONCLUSION: AJCC stage ≥ III disease, which mainly reflects lymph node positivity, is a significant prognosticator in patients with penile cancer. By contrast, AT does not seem to affect CSS and RFS.


Subject(s)
Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Joints , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Male , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Penile Neoplasms , Prognosis , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716638

ABSTRACT

Transplantation research has focused on cytotoxic T-cell and plasma cell/B-cell-targeted strategies, but little attention has been paid to the role of T helper 17 (Th17) cells in allograft dysfunction. However, accumulating evidence suggests that Th17 cells contribute to the development of acute and chronic allograft injury after transplantation of various organs, including the kidney. This review summarizes recent reports on the role of Th17 cells in kidney transplantation. Means of improving allograft outcomes by targeting the Th17 pathway are also suggested.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Plasma , T-Lymphocytes , Th17 Cells
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714802

ABSTRACT

Lymphoproliferative disorder in a posttransplant setting has emerged as a difficult problem in kidney transplantation (KT). Lymphoma involving adnexa of the eye has rarely been reported due to scarcity of lymphoreticular tissue in the ocular area. This report presents a case of a 37-year-old KT recipient who was diagnosed with conjunctival mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma with a chief complaint of seeing black spots. Unlike other post-transplant lymphoproliferative diseases associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation via immunosuppression, the lesion was not related to the virus. The patient received radiotherapy with concomitant conversion from the tacrolimus to the sirolimus. Overall, the results presented herein indicate lymphoma may be an important differential diagnosis when KT recipients complain of ocular discomfort.


Subject(s)
Adult , Diagnosis, Differential , Herpesvirus 4, Human , Humans , Immunosuppression , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Lymphoid Tissue , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell, Marginal Zone , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Radiotherapy , Sirolimus , Tacrolimus , Transplant Recipients
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718202

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) is a feasible treatment option for high-risk prostate cancer (PCa). While patients may achieve undetectable prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels after RARP, the risk of disease progression is relatively high. We investigated metastasis-free survival, cancer-specific survival (CSS), and overall survival (OS) outcomes and prognosticators in such patients. METHODS: In a single-center cohort of 342 patients with high-risk PCa (clinical stage ≥ T3, biopsy Gleason score ≥ 8, and/or PSA levels ≥ 20 ng/mL) treated with RARP and pelvic lymph node dissection between August 2005 and June 2011, we identified 251 (73.4%) patients (median age, 66.5 years; interquartile range [IQR], 63.0–71.0 years) who achieved undetectable PSA levels (< 0.01 ng/mL) postoperatively. Survival outcomes were evaluated for the entire study sample and in groups stratified according to the time to biochemical recurrence dichotomized at 60 months. RESULTS: During the median follow-up of 75.9 months (IQR, 59.4–85.8 months), metastasis occurred in 38 (15.1%) patients, most often to the bones, followed by the lymph nodes, lungs, and liver. The 5-year metastasis-free, cancer-specific, and OS rates were 87.1%, 94.8%, and 94.3%, respectively. Multivariate Cox-regression analysis revealed time to recurrence as an independent predictor of metastasis (P < 0.001). Time to metastasis was an independent predictor of OS (P = 0.003). Metastasis-free and CSS rates were significantly lower among patients with recurrence within 60 months of RARP (log-rank P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: RARP confers acceptable oncological outcomes for high-risk PCa. Close monitoring beyond 5 years is warranted for early detection of disease progression and for timely adjuvant therapy.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Cohort Studies , Disease Progression , Early Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Liver , Lung , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mortality , Neoplasm Grading , Neoplasm Metastasis , Passive Cutaneous Anaphylaxis , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatectomy , Prostatic Neoplasms , Recurrence
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764891

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The Korea Central Cancer Registry reported that incidence rates of prostate cancer have not increased continuously. We used recent trends in the incidence of prostate cancer to generate a preliminary report of the Korean population with prostate cancer. METHODS: Patients initially diagnosed with prostate cancer by prostate biopsy from 2006 to 2015 at our tertiary center were selected. All patients were categorized according to age ( 75 years), time period (2006–2010 vs. 2011–2015), and risk classification. Patients with insufficient data were excluded from the analysis. RESULTS: Of 675 patients (median prostate-specific antigen [PSA], 9.09 ng/mL), those with a Gleason score (GS) of 6 (32.3%) comprised the largest proportion in our cohort. The proportion with a GS of 8 increased for those aged 65–75 years, despite the lack of increase in PSA. Treatment patterns changed for those with very low to low risk cancer. The overall survival (OS) rate and the cancer-specific survival (CSS) rate for all patients at 5 years were 87% and 90%, respectively. Patients with a low body mass index (BMI; ≤ 23 kg/m2) had worse median OS and CSS rates. CONCLUSION: Significant differences in risk classifications and initial treatments were found between 2006–2010 and 2011–2015. Although PSA did not change, the GS did change. Lower BMI (≤ 23 kg/m2) had worse effects on OS and CSS rates for Korean prostate cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Body Mass Index , Classification , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Neoplasm Grading , Prostate , Prostate-Specific Antigen , Prostatic Neoplasms
20.
Immune Network ; : e36-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717667

ABSTRACT

Operational tolerance (OT), defined as maintaining stable graft function without immunosuppression after transplant surgery, is an ideal goal for kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). Recent investigations have demonstrated the distinctive features of B cells, T cells, and dendritic cell-related gene signatures and the distributions of circulating lymphocytes in these patients; nonetheless, substantial heterogeneities exist across studies. This study was conducted to determine whether previously reported candidate gene biomarkers and the profiles of lymphocyte subsets of OT could be applied in Korean KTRs. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 153 patients, including 7 operationally tolerant patients. Quantitative real-time PCR and flow cytometry were performed to evaluate gene expression and lymphocyte subsets, respectively. Patients with OT showed significantly higher levels of B cell-related gene signatures (IGKV1D-13 and IGKV4-1), while T cell-related genes (TOAG-1) and dendritic cell-related genes (BNC2, KLF6, and CYP1B1) were not differentially expressed across groups. Lymphocyte subset analyses also revealed a higher proportion of immature B cells in this group. In contrast, the distributions of CD4⁺ T cells, CD8⁺ T cells, mature B cells, and memory B cells showed no differences across diagnostic groups. An OT signature, generated by the integration of IGKV1D-13, IGKV4-1, and immature B cells, effectively discriminated patients with OT from those in other diagnostic groups. Finally, the OT signature was observed among 5.6% of patients who had stable graft function for more than 10 years while on immunosuppression. In conclusion, we validated an association of B cells and their related signature with OT in Korean KTRs.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Biomarkers , Flow Cytometry , Gene Expression , Humans , Immunosuppression , Kidney Transplantation , Kidney , Lymphocyte Subsets , Lymphocytes , Memory , Precursor Cells, B-Lymphoid , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger , T-Lymphocytes , Transplant Recipients , Transplants
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