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1.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 37-42, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835615

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Various incision techniques have been used in breast-conserving surgery (BCS) to reduce scar formation, including the frequently used periareolar incision technique. However, its applicability in removing large-size tumors or those distant from the nipple has remained limited. We performed periareolar zigzag (P-Z) incision to address these problems in BCS and to improve cosmetic outcomes. @*Methods@#Patients who underwent P-Z incision in BCS between January 2016 and November 2017 were retrospectively analyzed in terms of clinicopathological features and surgical findings. Factors affecting the positive margin were analyzed. @*Results@#A total of 305 patients were reviewed. The patients presented with a median age of 51 years, mean tumor size 1.9 cm, and mean tumor distance of 3.3 cm from the nipple. Intraoperative frozen biopsy and final pathologic findings showed 43 (14.1%) and 7 (2.3%) tumor-positive margins. There were no major complications associated with the surgery, and no re-operations were required due to bleeding or other reasons. @*Conclusion@#The P-Z incision technique was used to achieve sufficient operative field during BCS, and large tumors or those distant from the nipple could be removed without any complications. This technique is considered an oncologically safe surgical technique resulting in good cosmetic outcomes.

2.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 224-229, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835599

ABSTRACT

We report a case of recurrence as Paget's disease at the core needle biopsy (CNB) entry site in a patient with microinvasive ductal carcinoma who underwent nipple-areola-skin sparing mastectomy (NASSM) and autologous reconstruction. Clinically diagnosed recurrences associated with previous needle procedures for malignant breast lesions are rare and usually occur in patients who have not received radiation therapy. The present case involved local recurrence at the skin puncture site of a patient diagnosed based on CNB findings who underwent NASSM without receiving radiation therapy. Although the removal of the CNB tract with resected breast tissue is not always emphasized, the skin puncture site should be recorded to detect abnormal skin changes after surgery for the timely detection and management of complications.

3.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1011-1021, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763178

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) may be avoidable for breast cancer patients with 1-2 positive lymph nodes (LN) after breast-conserving therapy. However, the effects of ALND after mastectomy remain unclear because radiation is not routinely used. Herein, we compared the benefits of post-mastectomy ALND versus sentinel node biopsy (SNB) alone for breast cancer patients with 1-3 metastatic LNs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,697 patients with pN1 disease who underwent mastectomy during 2000-2015 were identified from an institutional database. Outcomes were compared using the inverse probability of treatment weighted method. RESULTS: Patients who underwent SNB tended to have smaller tumors, a lower histology grade, a lower number of positive LNs, and better immunohistochemical findings. After correcting all confounding factors regarding patient, tumor, and adjuvant treatment, the SNB and ALND groups did not differ in terms of overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS), distant metastasis and locoregional recurrence. The 10-year DFS and OS rates were 83% and 84%, respectively, during a median follow-up period of 93 months. CONCLUSION: ALND did not improve post-mastectomy survival outcomes among patients with N1 breast cancer, even after adjusting for all histopathologic and treatment-related factors.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Mastectomy , Methods , Neoplasm Metastasis , Recurrence , Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy
4.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1073-1085, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763172

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This preliminary study was conducted to evaluate the association between Oncotype DX (ODX) recurrence score and traditional prognostic factors. We also developed a nomogram to predict subgroups with low ODX recurrence scores (less than 25) and to avoid additional chemotherapy treatments for those patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinicopathological and immunohistochemical variables were retrospectively retrieved and analyzed from a series of 485 T1-3N0-1miM0 hormone receptor-positive, human epidermal growth factor 2‒negative breast cancer patients with available ODX test results at Asan Medical Center from 2010 to 2016. One hundred twenty-seven patients (26%) had positive axillary lymph node micrometastases, and 408 (84%) had ODX recurrence scores of ≤25. Logistic regression was performed to build a nomogram for predicting a low-risk subgroup of the ODX assay. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed that estrogen receptor (ER) score, progesterone receptor (PR) score, histologic grade, lymphovascular invasion (LVI), and Ki-67 had a statistically significant association with the low-risk subgroup. With these variables, we developed a nomogram to predict the low-risk subgroup with ODX recurrence scores of ≤25. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.90 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.85 to 0.96). When applied to the validation group the nomogram was accurate with an area under the curve = 0.88 (95% CI, 0.83 to 0.95). CONCLUSION: The low ODX recurrence score subgroup can be predicted by a nomogram incorporating five traditional prognostic factors: ER, PR, histologic grade, LVI, and Ki-67. Our nomogram, which predicts a low-risk ODX recurrence score, will be a useful tool to help select patients who may or may not need additional ODX testing.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Epidermal Growth Factor , Estrogens , Female , Humans , Humans , Logistic Models , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Micrometastasis , Nomograms , Prognosis , Receptors, Progesterone , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , ROC Curve
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762706

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Skin grafts have been widely used in managing extensive chest wall defects after mastectomy for advanced breast cancer. However, their durability and tolerability to radiotherapy is still controversial. A thoracoabdominal (TA) flap with a few technical refinements can safely transfer a larger flap while minimizing complications. METHODS: From January 2007 to February 2018, a retrospective review was performed to compare 2 groups after wide breast excision: skin graft group (group 1) and lateral-based, single vertical incision rotation-advancement TA flap (group 2). Patients' demographics, operative details, complications, hospital stay, postoperative outpatient visits, cost, and start of adjuvant therapy were analyzed between the 2 groups. RESULTS: During the study period, 34 patients received skin graft and 41 patients received TA flap. group 2 had a shorter hospital stay (6.41 ± 2.64 days vs. 12.62 ± 4.60 days, P 1 year was observed in 4 patients in only group 1 (43.90% vs. 38.24%, P = 0.613). CONCLUSION: TA flap has a simple design that minimizes concerns involving the donor site. Moreover, it does not require complicated procedures and allows for re-elevation whenever necessary. Finally, it guarantees faster wound recovery than skin graft with fewer complications.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Demography , Humans , Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms , Length of Stay , Mastectomy , Outpatients , Radiotherapy , Reconstructive Surgical Procedures , Retrospective Studies , Shoulder , Skin , Surgical Flaps , Thoracic Wall , Thorax , Tissue Donors , Transplants , Wound Healing , Wounds and Injuries
6.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 387-398, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764282

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The extension of endocrine therapy beyond 5 years for recurrence-free survivors of breast cancer improves survival; however, the issue on how to clinically identify appropriate candidates remains controversial. This study aimed to identify prognostic factors for breast-cancer-specific mortality in patients who have had 5 years of tamoxifen treatment and categorize subgroups based on the risk of death using combinations of these prognostic factors to assist in the clinical decision to perform further endocrine therapy. METHODS: In total, 3,158 patients with breast cancer were enrolled. Breast cancer-specific survival rates after 5 years of tamoxifen treatment were calculated, and associated prognostic factors were analyzed using a Cox proportional-hazards model. RESULTS: An age extreme at diagnosis (i.e., 2 cm, and positive lymphovascular invasion were robust independent prognostic factors for late breast cancer-specific death in tamoxifen-treated patients (hazard ratio [HR] = 2.162, 1.739, and 1.993; p = 0.001, 0.047, and 0.011, respectively). Lymph node metastasis and progesterone receptor negativity had borderline significance in this regard (HR = 1.741 and 1.638, p = 0.099 and 0.061). The study patients were classified into four groups according to the number of prognostic indicators, i.e., low, intermediate, high, and extremely high risk. The additional 5- and 10-year cumulative risks of breast cancer-specific death were 0.8% and 1.5% in the low-risk group, 0.9% and 3.9% in the intermediate-risk group, 1.3% and 7.3% in the high-risk group, and 4.8% and 13.8% in the extremely high-risk group, respectively. CONCLUSION: This new risk stratification system for late mortality in breast cancer can be used to identify the right candidates for extended endocrine therapy after 5 years of tamoxifen treatment.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Receptors, Progesterone , Survival Rate , Survivors , Tamoxifen
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738413

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Discontinuation of hormone therapy is known to lead to a poorer prognosis in breast cancer patients. We aimed to investigate the prescription gap as a prompt index of medication adherence by using prescription data extracted from patient electronic medical records. METHODS: A total of 5,928 patients diagnosed with invasive, non-metastatic breast cancer, who underwent surgery from January 1, 1997 to December 31, 2009, were enrolled retrospectively. The prescription data for 4.5 years of hormonal treatment and breast cancer-related events after treatment completion were analyzed. We examined the characteristics and prognoses of breast cancer in patients with and without a 4-week gap. RESULTS: Patients with a gap showed a significantly higher risk of breast cancer recurrence, distant metastasis, breast cancer-specific death, and overall death after adjustment (hazard ratio [HR], 1.389; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.089–1.772; HR, 1.568; 95% CI, 1.158–2.123; HR, 2.108; 95% CI, 1.298–3.423; and HR, 2.102; 95% CI, 1.456–3.034, respectively). When patients were categorized based on gap summation, the lower third (160 days) and fourth (391 days) quartiles showed a significantly higher risk of distant metastasis (HR, 1.758; 95% CI, 1.186–2.606 and HR, 1.844; 95% CI, 1.262–2.693, respectively). CONCLUSION: A gap of > 4 weeks in hormonal treatment has negative effects on breast cancer prognosis, and can hence be used as a sentinel index of higher risk due to treatment non-adherence. Further evaluation is needed to determine whether the gap can be used as a universal index for monitoring the adherence to hormonal treatment.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Electronic Health Records , Estrogen Antagonists , Humans , Medication Adherence , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prescriptions , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies
9.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 52-59, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718903

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine whether clinicopathological factors are potentially associated with successful breast-conserving surgery (BCS) after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and develop a nomogram for predicting successful BCS candidates, focusing on those who are diagnosed with hormone receptor (HR)-positive, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-negative tumors during the pre-NAC period. METHODS: The training cohort included 239 patients with an HR-positive, HER2-negative tumor (≥3 cm), and all of these patients had received NAC. Patients were excluded if they met any of the following criteria: diffuse, suspicious, malignant microcalcification (extent >4 cm); multicentric or multifocal breast cancer; inflammatory breast cancer; distant metastases at the time of diagnosis; excisional biopsy prior to NAC; and bilateral breast cancer. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was conducted to evaluate the possible predictors of BCS eligibility after NAC, and the regression model was used to develop the predicting nomogram. This nomogram was built using the training cohort (n=239) and was later validated with an independent validation cohort (n=123). RESULTS: Small tumor size (p < 0.001) at initial diagnosis, long distance from the nipple (p=0.002), high body mass index (p=0.001), and weak positivity for progesterone receptor (p=0.037) were found to be four independent predictors of an increased probability of BCS after NAC; further, these variables were used as covariates in developing the nomogram. For the training and validation cohorts, the areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were 0.833 and 0.786, respectively; these values demonstrate the potential predictive power of this nomogram. CONCLUSION: This study established a new nomogram to predict successful BCS in patients with HR-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer. Given that chemotherapy is an option with unreliable outcomes for this subtype, this nomogram may be used to select patients for NAC followed by successful BCS.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Body Mass Index , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cohort Studies , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Humans , Inflammatory Breast Neoplasms , Logistic Models , Mastectomy, Segmental , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Nipples , Nomograms , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Progesterone , ROC Curve
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713695

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to chronologically evaluate survival of patients with breast cancer in Korea and investigate the observed changes during the last 20 years. We also sought to determine factors that may influence outcomes and changes in the duration of survival over time. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed a total of 10,988 patients with breast cancer who were treated at our institution between January 1993 and December 2008. We divided the study period into three periods (P1, 1993–1997; P2, 1998–2002; and P3, 2003–2008). We retrospectively reviewed the collected data from the Asan database, including age at diagnosis, clinical manifestations, pathology report, surgical methods, types of adjuvant treatment modalities, type of recurrence, and follow-up period. RESULTS: At a median follow-up of 8.2 years, we observed that survival outcomes have improved recently. The 5-year breast cancer-specific survival (BCSS) rate also increased from 82.8% in P1 to 92.6% in P3 (p < 0.001). The survival rate in patients with tumors at each stage increased in similar patterns in all patients, and, remarkably, there was a significant survival improvement in patients with stage III breast cancer (P1 vs. P3: 5-year BCSS, 57.4% vs. 80.0%, p < 0.001). The time period was a significant prognostic factor in multivariate analysis (P1 vs. P2: hazard ratio [HR], 0.83, p=0.035; P1 vs. P3: HR, 0.75, p=0.015). CONCLUSION: The study results suggest an improvement in breast cancer survival in Korea, which is consistent with the development of treatments and early detection.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Multivariate Analysis , Pathology , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739609

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We evaluated the effect of positive superficial and/or deep margin status on local recurrence (LR) in invasive breast cancer treated with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) followed by radiotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 3,403 stage 1 and 2 invasive breast cancer patients treated with BCS followed by radiotherapy from January 2000 to December 2008 were included in this study. These patients were divided into three groups according to margin status: clear resection margin status for all sections (group 1, n=3,195); positive margin status in superficial and/or deep sections (group 2, n=121); and positive peripheral parenchymal margin regardless of superficial and/or deep margin involvement (group 3, n=87). The LR-free survival between these three groups was compared and the prognostic role of margin status was analyzed. RESULTS: Across all groups, age, tumor size, nodal status, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 status did not significantly differ. High grade, positive extensive intraductal component, hormone receptor positivity, hormone therapy received, and chemotherapy not received were more prevalent in groups 2 and 3 than in group 1. Five-year LR rates in groups 1, 2, and 3 were 1.9%, 1.7%, and 7.7%, respectively. Multivariate analysis revealed that group 3 was a significant predictor for LR (hazard ratio [HR], 4.78; p < 0.001), but that positive superficial and/or deep margin was not (HR, 0.66; p=0.57). CONCLUSION: Superficial and/or deep margin involvement following BCS is not an important predictor for LR.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Humans , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local , Radiotherapy , ErbB Receptors , Recurrence
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739156

ABSTRACT

Various reconstructive and/or oncoplastic options are available for breast cancer patients. In properly selected patients, autologous tissue-based reconstruction usually results in aesthetic, natural breasts. The choice of a reconstructive option for a breast cancer patient is a multifactorial decision that should consider the patient's values and preferences, as well as oncologic variables. A case of a 47-year-old woman who underwent bilateral skin-sparing mastectomy (SSM) and bilateral abdominally-based reconstruction despite having unilateral breast cancer. Right SSM and left lumpectomy were indicated for ductal carcinoma in situ in the right breast and benign tumors with microcalcifications in the left breast. The patient had very small breasts and wished for larger breasts, using her own tissue, to be created in a single-stage operation. Right SSM and left subcutaneous mastectomy were followed by bilateral free transverse rectus abdominis flap reconstruction and nipple sharing.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating , Female , Humans , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Mastectomy, Subcutaneous , Middle Aged , Nipples , Rectus Abdominis , Unilateral Breast Neoplasms
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-164282

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Continued efforts to reduce the invasiveness of conventional cholecystectomy techniques have resulted in the development of single-incision cholecystectomy. However, a single-port approach has significant limitations associated with proper triangulation and instrument crowding and collisions. Although the da Vinci Single-Site robotic system has been proposed to overcome these problems, objective evidence of the feasibility and ergonomics of single-incision robotic cholecystectomy (SIRC) is insufficient. Therefore, the present study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of SIRC by using objective data obtained from consecutive patients who underwent surgery with the single-incision robotic platform performed by a single surgeon. METHODS: Forty patients who underwent SIRC between August 2014 and December 2015 were identified. Demographic, perioperative, and postoperative data were collected retrospectively. RESULTS: The mean docking time was 10.82±4.85 min (range, 4~30 min). The mean console time was 49.63±10.82 min (range, 24~90 min). None of the patients required an additional laparoscopic arm, an additional robotic arm, or conversion to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. CONCLUSION: SIRC can provide a safe operative procedure, good operative results, and high patient satisfaction, and cause less surgeon fatigue. Therefore, our study results indicate that SIRC is feasible and favorable for both patients and physicians.


Subject(s)
Arm , Cholecystectomy , Cholecystectomy, Laparoscopic , Crowding , Fatigue , Ergonomics , Humans , Laparoscopy , Minimally Invasive Surgical Procedures , Patient Satisfaction , Retrospective Studies , Surgical Procedures, Operative
14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 228-233, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226313

ABSTRACT

The Korean clinical practice guideline recently developed by the Korean Breast Cancer Society to address the national clinical situation is currently under revision ahead of a seventh recommendation. A second consensus conference was held to further develop this guideline by soliciting opinions regarding important issues related to surgery, radiotherapy, and medical oncology. Several issues were discussed, and the discussion progressed to pros and cons in the context of cases in various clinical situations. The panels discussed and voted on issues regarding surgical treatment for non-axillary regional lymph nodes, regional nodal irradiation of pN1 disease, and ovarian functional suppression (OFS) as an adjuvant treatment in premenopausal patients with hormone receptor-positive breast cancer. Regarding the surgical treatment of non-axillary regional lymph node, most panelists agreed with the recommendation of preoperative chemotherapy and postoperative radiotherapy for patients with biopsy-diagnosed metastases, whereas surgery or radiotherapy of non-axillary regional lymph nodes was suggested for clinical partial responders. Discussions on radiotherapy addressed the need for adjuvant radiotherapy and radiation field of regional lymph node in the context of various N1 breast cancer cases. The participants reached a consensus to recommend that N1 patients should receive regional nodal irradiation for a large tumor burden (e.g., three positive nodes, perinodal extension, or large primary tumor). Finally, the panels favored OFS in addition to endocrine therapy for premenopausal women with high risk factors such as a large tumor size, involvement of more than three nodes, and a high histologic grade.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Consensus , Drug Therapy , Female , Humans , Interdisciplinary Communication , Korea , Lymph Nodes , Medical Oncology , Neoplasm Metastasis , Radiotherapy , Radiotherapy, Adjuvant , Risk Factors , Tumor Burden
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-146691

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: This study examined feasibility and reliability of a mobile application to measure depression in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Forty-two breast cancer patients from the Department of Surgery at Asan Medical Center were included in the study. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), EuroQol Five Dimensional Questionnaire, and EuroQol Visual Analogue Scale were assessed at baseline and twice after surgery at regular intervals. The Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) was delivered by as a push notification via mobile application every two weeks for 12 months. Feasibility was calculated using number of respondents and total number of PHQ-9 completed. Reliability was calculated from the relationship between PHQ-9 and BDI scores obtained within each two week period. Agreement between PHQ-9 and BDI scores in the diagnosis of depression was evaluated by kappa statistic and McNemar's test. RESULTS: One thousand and ninety-two notifications for PHQ-9 were sent, and 622 responses were reported (compliance rate=57%). The compliance rate was not related to demographic factors except for the date of the first use of the application. Pearson's r between PHQ-9 and BDI scores was 0.599 (p<0.001), and kappa analysis demonstrated moderate level of agreement in diagnosis of depression (κ=0.431). CONCLUSION: The compliance rate for patients reporting their symptoms by mobile application is high and the scores of PHQ-9 and BDI are correlated, which suggests that the mobile data measuring depression is reliable. However, this is a preliminary study and further study is needed to determine other factors that influence compliance rate.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Compliance , Demography , Depression , Diagnosis , Feasibility Studies , Humans , Mobile Applications , Surveys and Questionnaires
16.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 100-107, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-644395

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The effect of delays in surgical treatment on survival outcomes in patients with breast cancer remains uncertain, but it is an issue of importance to both patients and clinicians. The purpose of this study was to determine the impact of delayed surgical treatment on survival and tumor progression such as changes in tumor size and lymph node metastasis. METHODS: Among 1,219 patients who underwent breast cancer surgery at Asan Medical Center between January 2008 and December 2008, 1,074 patients were finally included in the study following the application of inclusion and exclusion criteria. Patients were divided into two groups based on the interval between diagnosis and surgery: ≤30 days (group 1) and >30 days (group 2). We retrospectively analyzed clinical characteristics, changes in tumor size and axillary lymph-node status, and overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) rates. RESULTS: Between group 1 and group 2, there were no differences in clinical characteristics or in changes in tumor size between findings based on ultrasonography (USG) with biopsy at diagnosis and pathologic results (p=0.134). Furthermore, changes in tumor size and lymph-node status between USG results at Asan Medical Center and pathologic results also showed no differences (p=0.249 and p=0.233, respectively). There were also no significant differences in DFS (p=0.395) or OS (p=0.813). CONCLUSION: Our study showed that short-term delays of ≤2 months between diagnosis and surgery for breast cancer do not negatively affect cancer progression or survival rates.

17.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1351-1362, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-98816

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to compare treatment outcomes between combined gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist and tamoxifen (GnRHa+T) and sequential adriamycin and cyclophosphamide chemotherapy and tamoxifen (AC->T) in premenopausal patients with hormone-responsive, lymph-node–negative breast cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 994 premenopausal women with T1-T2, lymph-node–negative, hormone-receptor-positive, HER2-negative breast cancer between January 2003 and December 2008 were included in this retrospective cohort study. GnRHa+T and AC->T were administered to 608 patients (61.2%) and 386 patients (38.8%), respectively. Propensity score matching and inverse probability weighting were applied to the original cohort, and 260 patients for each treatment arm were included in the final analysis. Recurrence-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival was compared between the two treatment groups. RESULTS: A total of 994 patients were followed up for a median of 7.4 years (range, 0.5 to 11.4 years). The 5-year follow-up rate was 98.7%, and 13 patients were lost to follow-up. In propensity-matched cohorts (n=520), there was no difference in recurrence-free, cancer-specific, and overall survival rates between the two treatment groups (p=0.306, p=0.212, and p=0.102, respectively), and this was maintained after applying inverse probability weighting. CONCLUSION: GnRHa+T is a reasonable alternative to AC->T in patients with premenopausal, hormone-responsive, HER2-negative, lymph-node–negative, T1-T2 breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Arm , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cohort Studies , Cyclophosphamide , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Lost to Follow-Up , Premenopause , Propensity Score , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate , Tamoxifen
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-189331

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopy-assisted gastrectomy (LAG) is considered an alternative treatment option for gastric cancer. LAG is safe, however the long-term oncologic efficacy and survival of patients including those with advanced gastric cancer have not been assessed. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term outcomes and survival of patients with gastric cancer, including advanced cases, who underwent LAG performed by a single surgeon. METHODS: Between January 2006 and December 2010, 161 patients with gastric cancer underwent LAG performed by a single surgeon. Clinicopathological data were collected retrospectively along with data on survival and prognosis. Overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. RESULTS: A total of 161 patients diagnosed with gastric cancer underwent LAG. Postoperative morbidity occurred in 12 patients. The median OS was 67.0 months (range, 1.0~97.0 months), and the median DFS was 67.0 months (range, 1.0~97.0 months). T stage, N stage, TNM stage, lymphatic invasion, and venous invasion influenced overall survival and disease recurrence. The OS rates according to N stage were 96.8% for N0, 94.4% for N1, 45.5% for N2, and 42.9% for N3. CONCLUSION: The current study showed that LAG for gastric cancer, including advanced gastric cancer, is technically feasible with acceptable long-term oncologic outcomes.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Gastrectomy , Humans , Laparoscopy , Prognosis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Stomach Neoplasms
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-167154

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Surgical ablation for locally advanced breast cancer results in large chest wall defects, which can then be managed with local flaps or skin grafts. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the outcomes of three types of local skin flaps. METHODS: Among 25 local flaps in 24 patients, 6 were bilateral advancement (BA) flaps, 9 were thoracoabdominal (TA) flaps, and 10 were thoracoepigastric (TE) flaps. Clinical outcomes were compared including complications, the need for a secondary surgical intervention, and the timing of adjuvant therapy. RESULTS: The mean defect size was 436.2 cm2. Two patients with TA flaps and 6 patients with TE flaps developed distal flap necrosis, and skin grafts were needed to treat 2 patients with TE flaps. Radiation was administered to the BA, TA, and TE patients after average postoperative durations of 28, 30, or 41 days, respectively. The incidence of flap necrosis tended to be higher in TE patients, which lead to significant delays in adjuvant radiation therapy (P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: Three types of local skin flaps can be used to treat large chest wall defects after the excision of locally advanced breast cancer. Each flap has its own merits and demerits, and selecting flaps should be based on strict indications based on the dimensions and locations of the defects.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Incidence , Mammaplasty , Mastectomy , Necrosis , Skin , Surgical Flaps , Thoracic Wall , Transplants
20.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 365-370, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-77780

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study aimed to determine the oncologic efficacy of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist treatment concurrent with chemotherapy in a neoadjuvant setting. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 332 cases of invasive breast cancer in patients who were <40 years old at diagnosis and received GnRH agonists concurrent with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (GnRH agonist group) or neoadjuvant chemotherapy alone (neochemotherapy-alone group) from December 2010 to September 2014. Pathologic complete response rates (pCR) and Ki-67 changes were evaluated between the two groups. RESULTS: Median age was 32+/-3.9 and 36+/-3.0 years in the GnRH agonist group and neochemotherapy-alone group, respectively (p<0.001). After adjustment for tumor size, grade, lymph node metastasis, hormone receptor (HR) status, and chemotherapy regimen, the GnRH agonist group exhibited a higher pCR rate with an odds ratio (OR) of 2.98 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.37-6.34) and a greater decrease in Ki-67 expression after treatment (p=0.05) than the neochemotherapy-alone group. For HR-negative tumors, the GnRH agonist group showed a higher pCR rate (multivariate OR, 3.50; 95% CI, 1.37-8.95) and a greater decrease in Ki-67 expression (p=0.047). For HR-positive breast cancer, the pCR rate, change in Ki-67 index, and clinical response were higher, and preoperative endocrine prognostic index scores were lower, in the GnRH agonist group, but these did not reach statistical significance. CONCLUSION: Concurrent administration of GnRH agonists during neoadjuvant chemotherapy improved pCR rates and suppressed Ki-67 expression, especially in HR-negative tumors.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Odds Ratio , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Retrospective Studies
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