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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 10-19, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999430

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Based on the results of previous trials, de-escalation of axillary surgery after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has increased in patients with axillary lymph node (ALN) metastasis at presentation. This study aimed to review the trends of axillary surgery by time period and molecular subtype in patients with ALN metastasis. @*Methods@#We analyzed the rates of sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) and ALN dissection (ALND) based on time period and subtype. The time period was divided into 3 subperiods to determine the rate of axillary surgery type over time (period 1, from 2009 to 2012; period 2, from 2013 to 2016; and period 3, from 2017 to July 2019). @*Results@#From 2009 to July 2019, 2,525 breast cancer patients underwent surgery. Based on subtype, the ALND rate of hormone receptor-positive (HR+)/human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-negative (HER2–) disease decreased by 13.0% from period 1 to period 3 (period 1, 99.4%; period 2, 97.5%; and period 3, 86.4%; P < 0.001). Conversely, the ALND rate in HR+/HER2+, HR–/HER2+, and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) significantly decreased by 43.7%, 48.8%, and 35.2% in period 1, period 2, and period 3, respectively (P < 0.001). In the patient group receiving NAC, HR+/HER2– had a significantly higher ALND rate (84.1%) than HR+/HER2+, HR–/HER2+, and TNBC (60.8%, 62.3%, and 70.7%, respectively; P < 0.001). @*Conclusion@#The SLNB rate in patients with ALN metastasis has increased over time. However, the ALND rate in HR+/ HER2– was significantly higher than in other subtypes.

2.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 93-104, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-976823

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study aimed to investigate the differences in sleep disturbance changes between patients receiving two hormone therapies (“tamoxifen plus ovarian function suppression group [T+OFS group]” versus “tamoxifen group [T group]”) and the chronological changes in sleep disturbances in each group. @*Methods@#Premenopausal women with unilateral breast cancer who underwent surgery and were scheduled to receive hormone therapy (HT) with tamoxifen alone or with tamoxifen plus gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist for ovarian function suppression were included. The enrolled patients wore an actigraphy watch for two weeks and completed questionnaires (insomnia, sleep quality, physical activity [PA], and quality of life [QOL]) at five time points: immediately before HT and 2, 5, 8, and 11 months after HT. @*Results@#Among the 39 enrolled patients (21 and 18 patients in the T+OFS group and T group, respectively), 25 (17 and 8 patients in the T+OFS group and T group, respectively) were finally analyzed. There were no differences between the two groups in time-dependent changes in insomnia, sleep quality, total sleep time, rapid eye movement sleep rate, QOL, and PA;however, the severity of hot flashes was significantly higher in the T+OFS group than in the T group. Although the interaction between group and time was not significant, insomnia and sleep quality significantly worsened at 2–5 months of HT when changes over time were analyzed within the T+OFS group. In both the groups, PA and QOL were maintained without significant changes. @*Conclusion@#Unlike tamoxifen alone, tamoxifen plus GnRH agonist initially worsened insomnia and sleep quality, but gradually improved with long-term follow-up. Patients who initially experience insomnia during tamoxifen plus GnRH agonist administration can be reassured based on the results of this study, and active supportive care may be used during this period.

3.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 473-484, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967059

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#The GenesWell™ breast cancer test (BCT) is a recently developed multigene assay that predicts the risk of distant recurrence in patients with hormone receptor-positive (HR+) and human epidermal growth factor-2 negative (HER2−) early breast cancer (BC). The ability of this assay to predict the response to neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) has not been established to date. @*Methods@#Biopsy specimens from HR+/HER2− BC patients with axillary lymph node (LN) metastasis who underwent NACT were analyzed using the BCT score. The modified BCT score was developed and patients classified into high-and low-response groups. A total of 88 patients were available for the BCT score among the 108 eligible patients. The median followup duration was 35.9 (7.8–128.5) months. @*Results@#Among them, 61 (65.1%) had cN1 and 53 (60.2%) had cT1 or cT2 disease. The BCT score was low in 25 (28.4%) patients and high in 63 (71.6%). Among the 50 patients with pathologic complete response or partial response, 41 (82.0%) were in the high BCT score group and 9 (18.0%) were in the low BCT score group. Among the 38 patients with stable or progressive disease, 22 (57.9%) were in the high BCT score group and 16 (42.1%) were in the low BCT score group (p = 0.025). Ki-67 before NACT was a significant factor for predicting tumor response (p = 0.006; 3.81 [1.50–10.16]). The BCT score showed a significant response to NACT (p = 0.016; 4.18 [1.34–14.28]). Distant metastasis-free survival was significantly different between the high- and low-response groups (p = 0.004). @*Conclusion@#We demonstrated that the BCT score predicts NACT responsiveness in HR+/ HER2− BC with LN metastasis and might help determine whether NACT should be performed. Further studies are required to validate these results.

4.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 75-84, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899000

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Tumor size and lymph node metastasis are important factors that contribute to the progression of breast cancer. We aimed to analyze the relationship between tumor size and lymph node metastasis molecular subtype and examine the effects of nodal metastasis on overall survival (OS). @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the data of 16,552 patients who underwent breast surgery in Samsung Medical Center between 2000 and 2015. Information on tumor size (largest diameter of the invasive component), number of positive lymph nodes, and molecular subtype were obtained. We constructed a linear regression model to evaluate the relationship between tumor size and lymph node metastasis. To determine the effect of nodal metastasis on OS, we performed a Cox proportional regression analysis with Np/T (number of metastatic lymph nodes [n]/tumor size [cm]). @*Results@#This study included 12,007 patients with a median follow-up of 62 months. The linear regression coefficients were 1.043 for luminal A, 1.024 for luminal B, 0.656 for HER2, and 0.435 for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtypes. No significant difference was observed in the coefficients between the luminal A and B subtypes (p = 0.797), while all other coefficients showed significant difference. After adjusting for other risk factors, the hazard ratio (HR) of Np/T for each subtype was significant for OS: luminal A (HR, 1.134; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.097–1.171; p < 0.001), luminal B (HR, 1.049; 95% CI, 1.013–1.086;p = 0.007), HER2 (HR, 1.069; 95% CI, 1.014–1.126; p = 0.013), and TNBC (HR, 1.038; 95% CI, 1.01–1.067; p = 0.008). @*Conclusion@#The incidence of lymph node metastasis differed according to molecular subtype. Luminal types have higher incidence of nodal metastasis than HER2 and TNBC. The HR of Np/T was highest in luminal A subtypes and lowest in TNBC subtypes.

5.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 367-376, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898991

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Restricted shoulder motion is a major morbidity associated with a lower quality of life and disability after axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in patients with breast cancer.This study sought to evaluate the antiadhesive effect of a poloxamer-based thermosensitive sol-gel (PTAS) agent after ALND. @*Methods@#We designed a double-blind, multicenter randomized controlled study to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of PTAS in reducing upper-limb dysfunction after ALND. The primary outcome was the change in the range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder before surgery and 4 weeks after ALND (early postoperative period). Secondary outcomes were shoulder ROM at six months, axillary web syndrome, and lymphedema (late postoperative period). @*Results@#A total of 170 patients with planned ALND were randomly assigned to one of 2 groups (poloxamer and control) and 15 patients were excluded. In the poloxamer group (n = 76), PTAS was applied to the surface of the operative field after ALND. ALND was performed without the use of poloxamer in the control group (n = 79). Relative to the control group, the poloxamer group had significantly lower early postoperative restrictions in total shoulder ROM at four weeks (−30.04 ± 27.76 vs. −42.59 ± 36.79; p = 0.0236). In particular, the poloxamer group showed greater reductions in horizontal abduction at four weeks (−3.92 ± 9.80 vs. −10.25 ± 15.42; p = 0.0050). The ROM of the shoulder at 24 weeks, axillary web syndrome, and lymphedema were not significantly different between the two groups. No adverse effects were observed in either group. @*Conclusion@#We suggest that poloxamer might improve the early postoperative shoulder ROM in patients with breast cancer who have undergone ALND.

6.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 569-577, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-914822

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Intraoperative frozen section biopsy is used to reduce the margin positive rate and re-excision rate and has been reported to have high diagnostic accuracy. A majority of breast surgeons in the Republic of Korea routinely perform frozen section biopsy to assess margins intraoperatively, despite its long turnaround time and high resource requirements. This study aims to determine whether omitting frozen section biopsy for intraoperative margin evaluation in selected patients is non-inferior to performing frozen section biopsy in terms of resection margin positivity rate. @*Methods@#This study is a phase III, randomized controlled, parallel-group, multicenter non-inferiority clinical trial. Patients meeting the inclusion criteria and providing written informed consent will be randomized to the “frozen section biopsy” or “frozen section biopsy omission” group after lumpectomy. Patients with clinical stage T1–T3 disease who are diagnosed with invasive breast cancer by core-needle biopsy and plan to undergo breast-conserving surgery will be included in this study. If a daughter nodule, non-mass enhancement, or microcalcification is identified on preoperative imaging, these features must be within 1 cm of the main mass for inclusion in the trial. The target sample size is 646 patients per arm. The primary endpoint will be the resection margin positive rate, and the secondary endpoints include the reoperation rate, operating time, residual cancer after reoperation, residual cancer after re-excision according to the frozen section biopsy result, resection volume, patient quality of life, and cost-effectiveness.Discussion: This is the first randomized clinical trial utilizing frozen section biopsy for intraoperative margin evaluation and aims to determine the non-inferiority of omitting frozen section biopsy in selected patients compared to performing frozen section biopsy.We expect that this trial will help surgeons perform the procedure more efficiently while ensuring patient safety.

7.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 75-84, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891296

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Tumor size and lymph node metastasis are important factors that contribute to the progression of breast cancer. We aimed to analyze the relationship between tumor size and lymph node metastasis molecular subtype and examine the effects of nodal metastasis on overall survival (OS). @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the data of 16,552 patients who underwent breast surgery in Samsung Medical Center between 2000 and 2015. Information on tumor size (largest diameter of the invasive component), number of positive lymph nodes, and molecular subtype were obtained. We constructed a linear regression model to evaluate the relationship between tumor size and lymph node metastasis. To determine the effect of nodal metastasis on OS, we performed a Cox proportional regression analysis with Np/T (number of metastatic lymph nodes [n]/tumor size [cm]). @*Results@#This study included 12,007 patients with a median follow-up of 62 months. The linear regression coefficients were 1.043 for luminal A, 1.024 for luminal B, 0.656 for HER2, and 0.435 for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) subtypes. No significant difference was observed in the coefficients between the luminal A and B subtypes (p = 0.797), while all other coefficients showed significant difference. After adjusting for other risk factors, the hazard ratio (HR) of Np/T for each subtype was significant for OS: luminal A (HR, 1.134; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.097–1.171; p < 0.001), luminal B (HR, 1.049; 95% CI, 1.013–1.086;p = 0.007), HER2 (HR, 1.069; 95% CI, 1.014–1.126; p = 0.013), and TNBC (HR, 1.038; 95% CI, 1.01–1.067; p = 0.008). @*Conclusion@#The incidence of lymph node metastasis differed according to molecular subtype. Luminal types have higher incidence of nodal metastasis than HER2 and TNBC. The HR of Np/T was highest in luminal A subtypes and lowest in TNBC subtypes.

8.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 367-376, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891287

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Restricted shoulder motion is a major morbidity associated with a lower quality of life and disability after axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) in patients with breast cancer.This study sought to evaluate the antiadhesive effect of a poloxamer-based thermosensitive sol-gel (PTAS) agent after ALND. @*Methods@#We designed a double-blind, multicenter randomized controlled study to evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of PTAS in reducing upper-limb dysfunction after ALND. The primary outcome was the change in the range of motion (ROM) of the shoulder before surgery and 4 weeks after ALND (early postoperative period). Secondary outcomes were shoulder ROM at six months, axillary web syndrome, and lymphedema (late postoperative period). @*Results@#A total of 170 patients with planned ALND were randomly assigned to one of 2 groups (poloxamer and control) and 15 patients were excluded. In the poloxamer group (n = 76), PTAS was applied to the surface of the operative field after ALND. ALND was performed without the use of poloxamer in the control group (n = 79). Relative to the control group, the poloxamer group had significantly lower early postoperative restrictions in total shoulder ROM at four weeks (−30.04 ± 27.76 vs. −42.59 ± 36.79; p = 0.0236). In particular, the poloxamer group showed greater reductions in horizontal abduction at four weeks (−3.92 ± 9.80 vs. −10.25 ± 15.42; p = 0.0050). The ROM of the shoulder at 24 weeks, axillary web syndrome, and lymphedema were not significantly different between the two groups. No adverse effects were observed in either group. @*Conclusion@#We suggest that poloxamer might improve the early postoperative shoulder ROM in patients with breast cancer who have undergone ALND.

9.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 1-8, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835620

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Several studies have reported that the survival after distant metastasis in younger patients with breast cancer was similar to that in elderly patients. Moreover, few studies have observed better survival outcome after distant metastasis in younger patients with breast cancer. Here, we have identified the factors that affect the prognosis after distant metastasis in these patients. @*Methods@#We reviewed 7,157 patients that underwent primary breast cancer surgery between January 2003 and December 2013 at the Samsung Medical Center. Three hundred and thirty two premenopausal patients aged <50 years showed distant metastasis and were included in the analysis. For further analysis, the patients older or younger than 40 years were divided into 2 groups. @*Results@#There were no demographic differences in the patient characteristics such as clinical stage, nuclear grade, lymphovascular invasion, distant metastasis site, distant metastasis free interval (DMFI), except the estrogen receptor (ER) and progesterone receptor (PR) statuses, histopathology, and molecular subtype in both the groups (p-value=0.023, 0.035, 0.016, 0.046, respectively). The median follow-up period was 79.4 months. Next, we did not observe significant difference in the overall survival (OS) between the two groups (Log rank p-value=0.975). However, patients in the luminal A and luminal B group showed better OS than those in human epidermal growth factor receptor-2 (HER-2) positive, and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) group (Log-rank p-value<0.001). Furthermore, patients showed worse OS when they developed distant metastases within 36 months post-surgery (Log-rank p-value<0.001). In overall, age did not affect the survival outcome (p-value=0.547); however, the molecular subtype, DMFI, and distant metastasis sites showed significant differences in the patient outcome (p-value<0.001, respectively). @*Conclusion@#Our analysis suggests that the molecular subtype, DMFI, and distant metastasis site serve as useful predictors for prognosis in younger breast cancer patients with distant metastasis. However, age in these patients did not correlate well with mortality.

10.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 251-258, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830547

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Although metastasis occurs in 1 or 2 sentinel lymph nodes (SLNs), axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) has been widely not performed. For axillary staging and management, the necessity of intraoperative frozen section analysis of SLN has been controversial. The aim of this study is to evaluate the validity and benefit of SLN analysis by permanent section alone in clinically negative lymph node breast cancer patients. @*Methods@#We conducted a retrospective study of 283 cases with negative node clinical findings between July 2018 and August 2019 in Samsung Medical Center. Clinical nodal stage was evaluated by physical examination, breast ultrasonography, breast magnetic resonance imaging, and chest computerized tomography. The cases were divided into 2 groups; the permanent group had 151 cases (53.4%) and the frozen group had 132 cases (46.6%). We retrospectively analyzed the differences in the number of metastatic lymph nodes and rates of performed ALND between the 2 groups. @*Results@#Baseline and clinicopathologic characteristics between the 2 groups were well balanced. Three cases in the permanent group and 6 cases in the frozen group underwent additional or immediate ALND. The rates of ALND between the 2 groups were not significantly different (P = 0.312). The cased of 78.9% and 89.5% with metastatic lymph nodes in permanent and frozen groups were in the pathologic N1 stage, respectively. @*Conclusion@#SLNs analysis by permanent section alone may be performed in clinically negative axillary node breast cancer patients. Our findings can help to avoid unnecessary intraoperative frozen section analysis.

13.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 1-8, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764290

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: In breast cancer, response to endocrine therapy depends on estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor status. However, poor prognosis is conferred on patients with hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer. We aimed to examine weakly positive HR breast cancer by comparing weakly positive HR to strongly positive HR and negative HR breast cancer. METHODS: We examined the clinical and biological features of 1,496 women with breast cancer, and these patients were categorized according to HR status as weakly positive, strongly positive, and negative HR breast cancer. RESULTS: In this study, among 1,496 patients with breast cancer, negative HR breast cancer was found in 374, weakly positive HR breast cancer in 90 and strongly positive HR breast cancer in 1,032 patients. Our multivariate analysis showed that there were differences in T stage, tumor-node-metastasis stage, vascular invasion, histologic grade and type, and Ki-67 index. Patients with weakly positive HR breast cancer had an increased risk of death and recurrence compared with those with strongly positive HR breast cancer and had similar prognosis as patients with negative HR breast cancer. CONCLUSION: Patients with weakly positive HR breast cancer received endocrine therapy because they were regarded as having positive HR breast cancer. However, their prognosis of overall survival and relapse-free survival was similar to that in patients with negative HR breast cancer. Therefore, we need to closely observe and consider active treatment for patients with weakly positive breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Estrogens , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone , Recurrence , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
14.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 412-424, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764280

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is less effective for luminal breast cancer because luminal breast cancer has a lower rate of pathological complete response (pCR) after NAC than human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2)-type and triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). We investigated the efficacy of NAC and the predictive factors of a better response in luminal breast cancer. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2016, we retrieved data of 244 patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer who were treated with NAC followed by surgery from a prospectively collected database. We classified breast cancer into luminal HER2⁻ and non-luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer (luminal HER2⁺, HER2⁺, and TNBC types). We analyzed each subtype with respect to surgical outcomes, response to NAC, and determined variables associated with surgical outcomes and response in patients with luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer. RESULTS: The total, breast, and axillary pCR rates were significantly lower in 114 patients with luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer than in those with other subtypes (7.9%, 12.3%, and 22.8%, respectively). However, breast-conserving surgery (BCS) conversion and tumor response rates did not significantly differ between patients with luminal HER2⁻ and those with non-luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer (p = 0.836 and p = 0.180, respectively). In the multivariate analysis, high tumor response rate (≥ 46.4%) was significantly associated with an increased BCS conversion rate. In the subgroup analysis of luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer, the multivariate analysis showed that higher Ki67 expression and axilla pCR and BCS conversion rates were significantly associated with tumor response to NAC. CONCLUSION: Despite the low pCR rate, the tumor response and BCS conversion rates after NAC of luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer were similar to those of other subtypes. NAC has the potential benefit of reducing the size of breast cancer, thereby increasing the BCS conversion rate in luminal HER2⁻ breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Axilla , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Mastectomy, Segmental , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Phenobarbital , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , ErbB Receptors , Triple Negative Breast Neoplasms
15.
Journal of Breast Disease ; (2): 81-88, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-937768

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE@#Breast cancer rates are expected to rise with an increasingly aging society. However, research on breast cancer among elderly women is scarce. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the clinicopathological features of elderly women with breast cancer and assess their clinical outcomes following adjuvant chemotherapy.@*METHODS@#Patients who underwent curative surgery for breast cancer between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2014 were retrospectively reviewed (n=1,865). The clinicopathological features, comorbidities, and survival outcomes were compared among three age groups (<55, 55–64, and ≥65 years). Subgroup analyses were also performed according to adjuvant chemotherapy status (i.e., administered or forgone) and need.@*RESULTS@#The median age of the patients (n=1,865) was 51.7 years, and 231 (12.3%) patients were ≥65 years of age (defined as elderly). The median follow-up period was 56 months. The tumor characteristics were similar among the three age groups, except for tumor size and progesterone receptor status. The five-year overall survival rate was significantly poorer in elderly patients (87.5%) than in the younger groups (<55 years: 94.1%; 55–64 years: 93.2%) (p=0.002). Elderly patients received significantly less frequent adjuvant chemotherapy than the younger patients (p<0.001). Not all elderly patients in need of adjuvant chemotherapy were administered chemotherapy. Those administered adjuvant chemotherapy had significantly higher five-year overall survival rates than that of the non-administered patients (86.5% vs. 66.5%, p=0.014) and marginally longer breast cancer-specific survival (87.9% vs. 73.5%, p=0.07). Elderly patients who did not undergo chemotherapy had a higher prevalence of diabetes mellitus than those who did.@*CONCLUSION@#Adjuvant chemotherapy in elderly breast cancer patients improved overall survival, and marginally extended breast cancer-specific survival. Therefore, standard adjuvant chemotherapy should be considered in elderly patients who require it.

16.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 415-424, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718891

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Triple-positive breast cancer is defined by estrogen receptor, progesterone receptor, and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positivity. Several systemic breast cancer therapies target hormonal and HER2 responsiveness. We compared clinical outcomes of triple-positive disease with those of HER2-enriched and luminal HER2-negative disease and investigated the clinical efficacy of anti-HER2 therapy for triple-positive disease. METHODS: We retrospectively compared overall and recurrence-free survival among cases included in the Korean Breast Cancer Society (KBCS) and Seoul St. Mary's Hospital breast cancer registries and the therapeutic efficacy of trastuzumab for triple-positive and HER2-enriched cases. RESULTS: KBCS registry data (2006–2010; median follow-up, 76 months) indicated that patients with triple-positive breast cancer had intermediate survival between those with luminal A and HER2-enriched subtypes (p < 0.001). Trastuzumab did not improve overall survival among patients with triple-positive breast cancer (p=0.899) in contrast to the HER2-enriched subtype (p=0.018). Seoul St. Mary's Hospital registry data indicated similar recurrence-free survival outcomes (p < 0.001) and a lack of improvement with trastuzumab among patients with triple-positive breast cancer (median follow-up, 33 months; p=0.800). Multivariate analysis revealed that patients with triple-positive breast cancer had better overall survival than those with HER2-enriched disease and similar survival as those with the luminal A subtype (triple-positive: hazard ratio, 1.258, p=0.118; HER2-enriched: hazard ratio, 2.377, p < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Our findings showed that anti-HER2 therapy was less beneficial for treatment of triple-positive breast cancer than for HER2-enriched subtypes of breast cancer, and the triple-positive subtype had a distinct prognosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Estrogens , Follow-Up Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Phenobarbital , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Receptor, ErbB-2 , Receptors, Estrogen , Receptors, Progesterone , Registries , Retrospective Studies , Seoul , Trastuzumab , Treatment Outcome
17.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 421-424, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-203195

ABSTRACT

Sparganosis is a parasitic infection caused by the sparganum, the plercercoid of the genus Spirometra. The preoperative diagnosis of breast sparganosis is difficult in most cases because it is a rare parasitic infection less than 2% of all cases. We report a 62-year-old woman case of breast sparganosis that were confirmed by surgical removal of worms from the right breast. The radiologic images of the patient also revealed characteristic features of breast sparganosis. The patient described the migrating palpable breast mass, which strongly suggested the possibility of breast sparganosis. The treatment of choice and confirmative diagnosis for sparganosis are complete surgical extraction of the sparganum irrespective of infected site. Inspection of the mass site with detailed medical history and radiological examinations are important for preoperative diagnosis of sparganosis patients.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Breast , Diagnosis , Mammography , Sparganosis , Sparganum , Spirometra , Ultrasonography
18.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 378-385, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194955

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Pathological complete response (pCR) of axillary lymph node (LN) is frequently achieved in patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer after neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC). Treatment of the axilla after NAC is not well established and the value of sentinel LN biopsy following NAC remains unclear. This study investigated the predictive value of axillary response following NAC and evaluated the predictive value of a model based on axillary response. METHODS: Data prospectively collected on 201 patients with clinically node-positive breast cancer who were treated with NAC and underwent axillary LN dissection (ALND) were retrieved. A model predictive of axillary pCR was developed based on clinicopathologic variables. The overall predictive ability between models was compared by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve analysis. RESULTS: Of 201 patients who underwent ALND after NAC, 68 (33.8%) achieved axillary pCR. Multivariate analysis using axillary LN pCR after NAC as the dependent variable showed that higher histologic grade (p=0.031; odds ratio [OR], 2.537; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.087–5.925) and tumor response rate ≥47.1% (p=0.001; OR, 3.212; 95% CI, 1.584–6.515) were significantly associated with an increased probability of achieving axillary pCR. The area under the ROC curve for estimating axillary pCR was significantly higher in the model that included tumor response rate than in the model that excluded this rate (0.732 vs. 0.649, p=0.022). CONCLUSION: Tumor response rate was the most significant independent predictor of axillary pCR in response to NAC. The model that included tumor response rate was a significantly better predictor of axillary pCR than the model that excluded tumor response rate.


Subject(s)
Humans , Axilla , Biopsy , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Drug Therapy , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Odds Ratio , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Prospective Studies , ROC Curve
19.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 82-90, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148353

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: We intended to determine whether dexrazoxane (DZR) is cardioprotective during administration of adjuvant anthracycline-based chemotherapy followed by a 1-year trastuzumab treatment. METHODS: The medical records of 228 patients who underwent surgical resection and received adjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab for human epidermal growth factor receptor type 2 (HER2)-positive breast cancer between January 2010 and December 2014 were reviewed. Approximately 25% of patients received DZR prior to each administration of doxorubicin during doxorubicin with cyclophosphamide (AC) chemotherapy. DZR was not administered during the 1-year trastuzumab maintenance period. Rates of cardiac events (reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction [LVEF] by 10% or more; reduction in absolute LVEF to <45%) and cardiac event-free duration (CFD) were examined. The trastuzumab interruption rate was also assessed. RESULTS: Twelve percent of patients experienced a cardiac event. Repeated-measures analysis of variance for ejection fraction revealed a significant main effect of time, and a significant group (DZR)×time interaction. The group treated with adjuvant chemotherapy and DZR experienced significantly lower frequencies of cardiac events than the adjuvant chemotherapy only group. In multivariate analysis, DZR administration was associated with significantly fewer cardiac events. Moreover, DZR administration was an independent good prognostic factor for CFD. Only one patient (2.3%) experienced early interruption of trastuzumab in the adjuvant chemotherapy with DZR group due to cardiac toxicity, whereas 10 patients (7.6%) experienced a trastuzumab stop event in the adjuvant chemotherapy only group. CONCLUSION: DZR is cardioprotective in HER2-positive breast cancer patients who received adjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab. A large cohort randomized trial is needed to determine if DZR has an effect on trastuzumab interruption and completion of 12-month trastuzumab. Because cardiac toxicity has a significant negative effect on trastuzumab maintenance and quality of life, DZR administration could be considered concomitantly with anthracycline-based adjuvant chemotherapy with trastuzumab.


Subject(s)
Humans , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cardiotoxicity , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Cohort Studies , Cyclophosphamide , Dexrazoxane , Doxorubicin , Drug Therapy , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Quality of Life , ErbB Receptors , Stroke Volume , Trastuzumab
20.
Journal of Breast Cancer ; : 252-260, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126245

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL2) is an antiapoptosis protein and an important clinical breast cancer prognostic marker. As the role of BCL2 is dependent on the estrogen receptor (ER) status, this effect might differ according to molecular subtypes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between the prognostic outcomes and BCL2 expression among the molecular subtypes. METHODS: We retrieved the data of 1,356 patients who were newly diagnosed with malignant breast cancer between November 2006 and November 2011. Immunohistochemistry was used to measure ER, progesterone receptor, human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2), Ki-67, and BCL2 expression. We classified breast cancer into five molecular subtypes based on the 13th St. Gallen International Expert Consensus, including luminal A, luminal B (HER2-negative), luminal B (HER2-positive), HER2-overexpression, and triple-negative subtypes. We analyzed the clinicopathological features and assessed the correlation between BCL2 expression and clinical outcomes, such as relapse-free survival (RFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS) according to the five molecular subtypes. RESULTS: A total of 605 cases of breast cancer (53.8%) showed BCL2 expression. BCL2-positive expression was associated with young age (<50 years, p=0.036), lower histological grade (p<0.001), low Ki-67 level (<14%, p<0.001), hormone receptor positivity (p<0.001), HER2 negativity (p<0.001), luminal breast cancer (p<0.001), and low recurrence rate (p=0.016). BCL2-positive expression was also associated with favorable 5-year RFS (p=0.008, 91.4%) and DSS (p=0.036, 95.6%) in all the patients. BCL2-positive expression in luminal A breast cancer resulted in significantly favorable 5-year RFS and DSS (p=0.023 and p=0.041, respectively). However, BCL2 expression was not associated with the prognosis in the other subtypes. CONCLUSION: The prognostic role of BCL2 expression in breast cancer is subtype-specific. BCL2 expression differs according to the molecular subtype and is a good prognostic marker for only luminal A breast cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor , Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Consensus , Estrogens , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Phenobarbital , Prognosis , ErbB Receptors , Receptors, Progesterone , Recurrence , Weights and Measures
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