Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 55
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925692

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#No standard salvage regimen is available for relapsed or refractory sarcoma. We investigated the efficacy and toxicity of the vincristine, irinotecan, and temozolomide combination (VIT) for relapsed or refractory sarcomas of variable histology in children and young adults. @*Materials and Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed data from the relapsed or refractory sarcoma patients who were treated with VIT. The VIT protocol was given every 3 weeks as follows: vincristine, 1.5 mg/m2 intravenously on day 1, irinotecan, 50 mg/m2/day intravenously on days 1-5, and temozolomide, 100 mg/m2/day orally on days 1-5. @*Results@#A total of 26 patients (12 males) with various sarcoma histology were included in the study. Most common diagnosis was rhabdomyosarcoma (n=8) followed by osteosarcoma (n=7). Median age at the start of VIT was 18.5 years (range, 2.0 to 39.9). VIT was delivered as 2nd to 7th line of treatment, with 4th line most common (9/26, 34.6%). Median number of VIT courses given was 3 (range, 1 to 18). Of the 25 evaluable patients, there was two partial response (PR) and 11 stable disease (SD) with an overall control rate (complete remission+PR+SD) of 52%. PR was seen in one (50%) of the two evaluable patients with Ewing sarcoma and one (14.3%) of the seven patients with osteosarcoma. Overall survival and progression-free survival rates were 79.3% and 33.9% at 1 year, and 45.5% and 25.4% at 2 years, respectively. There was no treatment-related mortality. @*Conclusion@#The VIT regimen was effective and relatively safe in our cohort of sarcoma patients.

2.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874357

ABSTRACT

Fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FLHCC) is a rare liver cancer affecting adolescents and young adults without any pre existing liver disease. Hyperammonemic encephalopathy (HAE) is a serious paraneoplastic syndrome, and several cases of HAE have been reported in patients with FLHCC. This condition is rare; hence, there are currently no management guidelines for cancer-related HAE. Herein, we report a case of an 18-year-old man with advanced FLHCC who developed HAE during the first course of chemotherapy consisting of cisplatin, doxorubicin, 5-fluorouracil, and interferon-α. He was successfully treated with continuous venovenous hemofiltration, sodium benzoate, sodium phenylbutyrate, and amino acid supplementation for HAE. After the second course of chemotherapy, he underwent surgery, and thereafter, his ammonia levels were normal without any ammonia scavenger therapy. Treatments for HAE described here will be helpful for this rare, but serious metabolic complication of FLHCC and could partially applied to HAE related to any malignancies.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874346

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#This study investigated the incidence and relative survival rates (RSRs) for cancers among adolescents and young adults (AYAs) aged 15-39 years between 1993 and 2016 in Korea @*Materials and Methods@#Data from the Korea Central Cancer Registry were used to calculate percent distributions, age-specific incidence rates, age-standardized incidence rates (ASRs) per million, annual percent changes (APCs), average APCs, and RSRs for cancers diagnosed in AYAs. @*Results@#ASR of all cancers among AYAs was 654.5 per million. The largest diagnosed group of cancers was carcinomas (almost 80%). Crude incidence increased with age, from 170.4 per million for those aged 15-19 years to 1,639.8 per million for those aged 35-39 years. ASR increased from 414.8 per million to 820.4 per million, with an APC of 9.0%. The incidence of thyroid carcinoma showed the most rapid increment (APC, 14.0%), followed by non-Hodgkin lymphoma (APC, 13.4%). The 5-year RSR among AYAs significantly improved from 62.1% to 90.8%. Survival improvement in AYAs was higher than that in children but lower than that in older adults (APC, 2.1% vs. 1.9% vs. 3.1%). The most marked survival improvement was found for leukemia and lymphoma. Astrocytoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and carcinoma of the trachea, bronchus, and lung had a 5-year RSR of < 50%. @*Conclusion@#There was an improvement in cancer survivals in AYAs, comparable to that achieved in children. However, survivals in several cancer types do not appear to be improving. Further research focusing on the epidemiology and therapeutic strategies for cancers in AYAs is needed.

4.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 542-546, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833355

ABSTRACT

Activated phosphoinositide 3-kinase δ syndrome (APDS)1 is caused by gain-of-function mutations in PIK3CD, which encodes the catalytic p110δ subunit of phosphoinositide 3 kinase. We describe three patients with APDS1, the first thereof in Korea. Therein, we investigated clinical manifestations of APDS1 and collected data on the efficacy and safety profile of sirolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor and pathway-specific targeted medicine. The same heterozygous PIK3CD mutation was detected in all three patients (E1021K). After genetic diagnosis, all patients received sirolimus and experienced an excellent response, including amelioration of lymphoproliferation and improvement of nodular mucosal lymphoid hyperplasia in the gastrointestinal tract. The median trough level of sirolimus was 5.5 ng/mL (range, 2.8–7.5) at a dose of 2.6–3.6 mg/m2. Two patients who needed highdose, short-interval, immunoglobulin-replacement treatment (IGRT) had a reduced requirement for IGRT after initiating sirolimus, and the dosing interval was extended from 2 and 3 weeks to 4 weeks. The IgG trough level after sirolimus treatment (median, 594 mg/dL; range, 332–799 mg/dL) was significantly higher than that before sirolimus treatment (median, 290 mg/dL; range, 163–346 mg/dL) (p<0.001). One episode of elevated serum creatinine with a surge of sirolimus (Patient 2) and episodes of neutropenia and oral stomatitis (Patient 1) were observed. We diagnosed the first three patients with APDS1 in Korea. Low-dose sirolimus may alleviate clinical manifestations thereof, including hypogammaglobulinemia.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831569

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) constitutes 10%–20% of all malignant lymphomas and has a high cure rate (5-year survival, around 90%). Recently, interest has increased concerning preventing secondary complications (secondary cancer, endocrine disorders) in long-term survivors. We aimed to study the epidemiologic features and therapeutic outcomes of HL in children, adolescents, and young adults in Korea. @*Methods@#We performed a multicenter, retrospective study of 224 patients aged < 25 years diagnosed with HL at 22 participating institutes in Korea from January 2007 to August 2016. @*Results@#A higher percentage of males was diagnosed at a younger age. Nodular sclerosis histopathological HL subtype was most common, followed by mixed cellularity subtype.Eighty-one (36.2%), 101 (45.1%), and 42 (18.8%) patients were classified into low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively. Doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine was the most common protocol (n = 102, 45.5%). Event-free survival rate was 86.0% ± 2.4%, while five-year overall survival (OS) rate was 96.1% ± 1.4%: 98.7% ± 1.3%, 97.7% ± 1.6%, and 86.5% ± 5.6% in the low, intermediate, and high-risk groups, respectively (P = 0.021). Five-year OS was worse in patients with B-symptoms, stage IV disease, highrisk, splenic involvement, extra-nodal lymphoma, and elevated lactate dehydrogenase level.In multivariate analysis, B-symptoms and extra-nodal involvement were prognostic factors for poor OS. Late complications of endocrine disorders and secondary malignancy were observed in 17 and 6 patients, respectively. @*Conclusion@#This is the first study on the epidemiology and treatment outcomes of HL in children, adolescents, and young adults in Korea. Future prospective studies are indicated to develop therapies that minimize treatment toxicity while maximizing cure rates in children, adolescents, and young adults with HL.

6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-760893

ABSTRACT

Bacillus cereus causes serious central nervous system infections, especially in immunocompromised patients. Successful treatment requires adequate antimicrobial concentrations in the cerebrospinal fluid; however, in some cases, achieving this with systemic treatment alone is difficult. We treated intractable B. cereus ventriculitis with intraventricular vancomycin, with no major adverse events.


Subject(s)
Bacillus cereus , Bacillus , Central Nervous System Infections , Cerebral Ventriculitis , Cerebrospinal Fluid , Immunocompromised Host , Injections, Intraventricular , Pharmacokinetics , Vancomycin
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739613

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Regional differences in the incidence of lymphoid malignancies have been reported worldwide, but there has been no large-scale epidemiologic analysis in Korea. The aim of this study was to provide a nationwide population-based statistical analysis of Korean patients with lymphoid malignancies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Korea Central Cancer Registry analyzed the incidence and survival of patients with lymphoid malignancies from the Korean National Cancer Incidence Database. Diseases were grouped by clinically relevant categories based on the 2008 World Health Organization classification. RESULTS: Overall 65,948 lymphoid diseases were identified between 1999 and 2012. The incidence of most subtypes increased with age, except for precursor cell neoplasms. Male predominance (male:female ratio=1.28:1) was observed. In 2012, annual age-standardized incidence rates per 100,000 persons of Hodgkin’s lymphoma, mature B-cell neoplasm, mature T/natural killer (NK)–cell neoplasm, and precursor cell neoplasm were 0.46, 6.60, 0.95, and 1.50, respectively, and they increased yearly from 1999. Composite Hodgkin’s and non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas were extremely rare. Survival improvement estimated using 5-year relative survival rate was observed in patients with Hodgkin’s lymphoma (71.1%-83.0%), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (49.5%-61.5%), plasma cell neoplasms (20.2%-36.9%), and lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia (41.5%-56.3%) between 1993 and 2012. However, survival rates of T/NK-cell lymphoma (excluding cutaneous T-cell lymphoma) ranged from 40.5%-43.5% during the study period. Survival rates decreased with age in most subtypes. CONCLUSION: This report presented the subtype-specific statistical analysis of lymphoid malignancies in the Korean population, showing increasing incidences and survival rates in most subtypes.


Subject(s)
B-Lymphocytes , Classification , Epidemiology , Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, B-Cell , Male , Neoplasms, Plasma Cell , Republic of Korea , Survival Rate , T-Lymphocytes , World Health Organization
8.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 1057-1064, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-160268

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Few studies have addressed gonadal and sexual dysfunctions in childhood cancer survivors. We evaluated the prevalence rates and risk factors for gonadal failure among adolescent/young adult childhood cancer survivors and their sexual function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects were childhood cancer survivors aged 15-29 years who had completed therapy more than 2 years ago. Demographic and medical characteristics were obtained from the patients’ medical records. In addition, hormonal evaluation and semen analysis were performed and sexual function was evaluated via questionnaire. RESULTS: The study included 105 survivors (57 males, 48 females), of which 61 were adults (age > 19 years) and 44 were adolescents. In both males and females, the proportion of survivors with low sex hormone levels did not differ among age groups or follow-up period. Thirteen female subjects (27.1%) needed sex hormone replacement, while five males subjects (8.8%) were suspected of having hypogonadism, but none were receiving sex hormone replacement. Of 27 semen samples, 14 showed azospermia or oligospermia. The proportion of normospermia was lower in the high cyclophosphamide equivalent dose (CED) group (CED ≥ 8,000 mg/m2) than the low CED group (27.3% vs. 62.5%, p=0.047). Among adults, none were married and only 10 men (35.7%) and eight women (34.3%) were in a romantic relationship. Though a significant proportion (12.0% of males and 5.3% of females) of adolescent survivors had experienced sexual activity, 13.6% had not experienced sex education. CONCLUSION: The childhood cancer survivors in this study showed a high prevalence of gonadal/sexual dysfunction; accordingly, proper strategies are needed to manage these complications.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Cyclophosphamide , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gonads , Humans , Hypogonadism , Male , Medical Records , Oligospermia , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Semen , Semen Analysis , Sex Education , Sexual Behavior , Survivors
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49314

ABSTRACT

This multicenter, prospective trial was conducted to develop an effective and safe reinduction regimen for marrow-relapsed pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) by modifying the dose of idarubicin. Between 2006 and 2009, the trial accrued 44 patients, 1 to 21 years old with first marrow-relapsed ALL. The reinduction regimen comprised prednisolone, vincristine, L-asparaginase, and idarubicin (10 mg/m²/week). The idarubicin dose was adjusted according to the degree of myelosuppression. The second complete remission (CR2) rate was 72.7%, obtained by 54.2% of patients with early relapse < 24 months after initial diagnosis and 95.0% of those with late relapse (P = 0.002). Five patients entered remission with extended treatment, resulting in a final CR2 rate of 84.1%. The CR2 rate was not significantly different according to the idarubicin dose. The induction death rate was 2.3% (1/44). The 5-year event-free and overall survival rates were 22.2% ± 6.4% and 27.3% ± 6.7% for all patients, 4.2% ± 4.1% and 8.3% ± 5.6% for early relapsers, and 43.8% ± 11.4% and 50.0% ± 11.2% for late relapsers, respectively. Early relapse and slow response to reinduction chemotherapy were predictors of poor outcomes. In conclusion, a modified dose of idarubicin was effectively incorporated into the reinduction regimen for late marrow-relapsed ALL with a low toxic death rate. However, the CR2 rate for early relapsers was suboptimal, and the second remission was not durable in most patients.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132134

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) has diverse clinical manifestations, including intracranial mass lesions. We report a case of LCH that manifested as a suprasellar mass, and initially misdiagnosed as a germ cell tumor. A 29-year-old woman presented with polyuria, polydipsia and amenorrhea. Laboratory findings revealed hypopituitarism with central diabetes insipidus, and a suprasellar mass and a pineal mass were observed on magnetic resonance imaging. Under the clinical impression of a germ cell tumor, the patient was treated with germ cell tumor chemotherapy (cisplatin and etoposide) and radiation therapy without biopsy. After initial shrinkage of the lesions, further growth of the tumor was observed and a biopsy was performed. The histopathology revealed LCH. After chemotherapy according to the LCH III protocol, the tumor disappeared. She is on regular follow up for 5 years without relapse. The present findings indicate that LCH should be included in the differential diagnosis of a suprasellar mass, even in adults, especially when it manifests with diabetes insipidus. This case also underscores the importance of a histopathologic diagnosis in patients with suprasellar tumors before the initiation of a specific therapy, even if the clinical findings are highly suggestive of a specific diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Amenorrhea , Biopsy , Central Nervous System Neoplasms , Diabetes Insipidus , Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Germinoma , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Hypopituitarism , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Polydipsia , Polyuria , Recurrence , Sella Turcica
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132131

ABSTRACT

Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) has diverse clinical manifestations, including intracranial mass lesions. We report a case of LCH that manifested as a suprasellar mass, and initially misdiagnosed as a germ cell tumor. A 29-year-old woman presented with polyuria, polydipsia and amenorrhea. Laboratory findings revealed hypopituitarism with central diabetes insipidus, and a suprasellar mass and a pineal mass were observed on magnetic resonance imaging. Under the clinical impression of a germ cell tumor, the patient was treated with germ cell tumor chemotherapy (cisplatin and etoposide) and radiation therapy without biopsy. After initial shrinkage of the lesions, further growth of the tumor was observed and a biopsy was performed. The histopathology revealed LCH. After chemotherapy according to the LCH III protocol, the tumor disappeared. She is on regular follow up for 5 years without relapse. The present findings indicate that LCH should be included in the differential diagnosis of a suprasellar mass, even in adults, especially when it manifests with diabetes insipidus. This case also underscores the importance of a histopathologic diagnosis in patients with suprasellar tumors before the initiation of a specific therapy, even if the clinical findings are highly suggestive of a specific diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adult , Amenorrhea , Biopsy , Central Nervous System Neoplasms , Diabetes Insipidus , Diabetes Insipidus, Neurogenic , Diagnosis , Diagnosis, Differential , Drug Therapy , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Germinoma , Histiocytosis, Langerhans-Cell , Humans , Hypopituitarism , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal , Polydipsia , Polyuria , Recurrence , Sella Turcica
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61898

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: An epidemiologic study of childhood cancer would provide useful information on cancer etiology and development of management guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the Korea National Cancer Incidence Database were used to examine the incidence and survival of cancer in patients aged 0-14 years. Patients were grouped according to the International Classification of Childhood Cancer, 3rd edition. Age-specific and age-standardized incidences per million and estimated annual percentage change (APC) were calculated by sex and age. Five-year relative survival was calculated for four periods from 1993 to 2011. RESULTS: The study comprised 15,113 patients with malignant neoplasms. Age-standardized incidence rates for all cancers were 134.9 per million children in 1999-2011 and 144.0 and 124.9 per million for males and females, respectively (M/F ratio, 1.2; p < 0.05). The highest incidences were observed for 'leukemias, myeloproliferative diseases, and myelodysplastic diseases' (group I) (46.4), 'central nervous system neoplasms' (group III) (18.3), and 'lymphomas and reticuloendothelial neoplasms' (group II) (13.4). Age-standardized incidence increased from 117.9 in 1999 to 155.3 in 2011, with an APC of 2.4% (95% confidence interval, 2.1 to 2.7). There was a significant increase of APC in 'neuroblastoma and other peripheral nervous cell tumors' (group IV) (5.6%) and 'other malignant epithelial neoplasms and malignant melanomas' (group XI) (5.6%). The 5-year relative survival rate for all childhood cancers improved significantly from 56.2% (1993-1995) to 78.2% (2007-2011) (males, 56.7% to 77.7%; females, 55.5% to 78.8%). CONCLUSION: This study provides reliable information on incidence and survival trends for childhood cancer in Korea.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma , Child , Classification , Epidemiologic Studies , Female , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Male , Nervous System , Survival Rate
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143633

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in survivors of childhood cancer from multiple institutions in Korea. A total of 102 patients from 11 institutions who developed SMN after childhood cancer treatment between 1998 and 2011 were retrospectively enrolled. The most common primary malignant neoplasms (PMNs) were central nervous system (CNS) tumors (n = 17), followed by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 16), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 13), and osteosarcoma (n = 12). The most common SMNs were therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MNs; acute myeloid leukemia [AML], 29 cases; myelodysplastic syndrome [MDS], 12 cases), followed by thyroid carcinomas (n = 15) and CNS tumors (n = 10). The median latency period was 4.9 years (range, 0.5-18.5 years). Among 45 patients with solid tumors defined as an SMN, 15 (33%) developed the lesion in a field previously subjected to radiation. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of patients with an SMN was 45% with a median follow-up time of 8.6 years. Patients with AML, MDS, and CNS tumors exhibited the poorest outcomes with 5-year OS rates of 18%, 33%, and 32%, respectively, whereas those with second osteosarcoma showed comparable outcomes (64%) to patients with primary counterpart and those with second thyroid carcinoma had a 100% OS rate. Further therapeutic efforts are recommended to improve the survival outcomes in patients with SMNs, especially in cases with t-MNs and CNS tumors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Hospitals , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Second Primary/diagnosis , Osteosarcoma/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Rate , Transplantation, Autologous , Young Adult
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143624

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study investigated the clinical characteristics and outcomes of second malignant neoplasms (SMNs) in survivors of childhood cancer from multiple institutions in Korea. A total of 102 patients from 11 institutions who developed SMN after childhood cancer treatment between 1998 and 2011 were retrospectively enrolled. The most common primary malignant neoplasms (PMNs) were central nervous system (CNS) tumors (n = 17), followed by acute lymphoblastic leukemia (n = 16), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 13), and osteosarcoma (n = 12). The most common SMNs were therapy-related myeloid neoplasms (t-MNs; acute myeloid leukemia [AML], 29 cases; myelodysplastic syndrome [MDS], 12 cases), followed by thyroid carcinomas (n = 15) and CNS tumors (n = 10). The median latency period was 4.9 years (range, 0.5-18.5 years). Among 45 patients with solid tumors defined as an SMN, 15 (33%) developed the lesion in a field previously subjected to radiation. The 5-year overall survival (OS) rate of patients with an SMN was 45% with a median follow-up time of 8.6 years. Patients with AML, MDS, and CNS tumors exhibited the poorest outcomes with 5-year OS rates of 18%, 33%, and 32%, respectively, whereas those with second osteosarcoma showed comparable outcomes (64%) to patients with primary counterpart and those with second thyroid carcinoma had a 100% OS rate. Further therapeutic efforts are recommended to improve the survival outcomes in patients with SMNs, especially in cases with t-MNs and CNS tumors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Antineoplastic Agents/therapeutic use , Central Nervous System Neoplasms/diagnosis , Child , Child, Preschool , Disease-Free Survival , Hospitals , Humans , Infant , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/diagnosis , Myelodysplastic Syndromes/diagnosis , Neoplasms, Second Primary/diagnosis , Osteosarcoma/diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Rate , Transplantation, Autologous , Young Adult
15.
Blood Research ; : 204-217, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-40797

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Large-scale epidemiologic analysis for hematologic malignancies will be helpful to understand the trends in incidence and survival. METHODS: The Korea Central Cancer Registry (KCCR) updated the nationwide analysis on the incidence and survival of myeloid malignancies, from the Korean National Cancer Incidence Database between 1999 and 2012. Myeloid malignancies were classified based on the International Classification of Diseases for Oncology 3rd edition (ICD-O-3). RESULTS: Overall 3,771 cases of myeloid diseases, which was 1.7% of all cancers, were identified in 2012. The highest incidence of myeloid malignancies was observed in age 70s and male predominance was noted (1.3:1). Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) was the most frequent subtype, followed by myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPN), myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) and MDS/MPN: age-standardized incidence rates (ASR) in 2012 for each disease were 2.02, 1.95, 1.13, and 0.12 per 100,000 persons, respectively. The ASR for all myeloid malignancies was increased from 3.31 in 1999 to 5.70 in 2012 with the annual percentage change (APC) of 5.4 %. Five-year relative survival rate (RS) for myeloid malignancies has gradually improved for decades. RS changed from 26.3% to 34.8% in AML, specifically from 51.6% to 69.6% in acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) and from 23.8% to 29.9% in non-APL AML, between 1996-2000 and 2008-2012. RS also increased from 81.8% to 87.1% in MPN, with a significant improvement in CML (from 74.5% to 85.5%), and from 27.3% to 31.7% in MDS/MPN between 2001-2005 and 2008-2012. However, there was no survival improvement in MDS during the study period (45.6% in 2001-2005 to 44.4% in 2008-2012). CONCLUSION: This report updated the nationwide statistical analysis on myeloid malignancies since 2008, showing increasing incidence and improving trends in survival.


Subject(s)
Hematologic Neoplasms , Humans , Incidence , International Classification of Diseases , Korea , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Leukemia, Promyelocytic, Acute , Male , Myelodysplastic Syndromes , Survival Rate
16.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-59582

ABSTRACT

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) is a rare diagnosis of acquired hemolytic anemia in children, which is caused by a specific cold antibody named Donath-Landsteiner hemolysin. Although various bacteria or viruses were reported as triggering factor of PCH, childhood PCH related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is uncommon. The authors report a case of childhood PCH which is related with suspicious Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, with a review of pertinent literature.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic , Bacteria , Child , Chlamydia Infections , Chlamydophila pneumoniae , Diagnosis , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal , Humans
17.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-788519

ABSTRACT

Paroxysmal cold hemoglobinuria (PCH) is a rare diagnosis of acquired hemolytic anemia in children, which is caused by a specific cold antibody named Donath-Landsteiner hemolysin. Although various bacteria or viruses were reported as triggering factor of PCH, childhood PCH related to Chlamydia pneumoniae infection is uncommon. The authors report a case of childhood PCH which is related with suspicious Chlamydia pneumoniae infection, with a review of pertinent literature.


Subject(s)
Anemia, Hemolytic , Bacteria , Child , Chlamydia Infections , Chlamydophila pneumoniae , Diagnosis , Hemoglobinuria, Paroxysmal , Humans
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-44042

ABSTRACT

The authors present a rare of prenatally diagnosed congenital anaplastic astrocytoma. A 9-month-old boy had three recurrences despite two surgical resections and various chemotherapeutic regimens. He underwent the 3rd gross tumor removal at 11 months of age, followed by proton therapy, and now he remains disease-free for 3 yr without a significant neurocognitive dysfunction. This is the 1st case of a pediatric tumor treated by proton therapy in Korea, and proton therapy may be a treatment of choice for a congenital anaplastic astrocytoma in infants and young children, considering limitation of radiation therapy.


Subject(s)
Astrocytoma/diagnosis , Brain Neoplasms/diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Infant , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Prenatal Diagnosis , Proton Therapy , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130759

ABSTRACT

Pericardial effusion (PcE) is one of the uncommon complications after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Although many causes are related with PcE after HSCT, PcE after HSCT is usually late-onset and can be presented as a sign of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease in allogeneic transplantation. Previous reports of PcE after autologous HSCT are very uncommon. Transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a kind of renal microvascular complications after HSCT, which is similar to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. The authors report a case of early-onset PcE, which maybe resulted from TA-TMA, after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous peripheral blood HSCT in a 4-year-old child with neuroblastoma.


Subject(s)
Child , Drug Therapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Neuroblastoma , Pericardial Effusion , Child, Preschool , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic , Thrombotic Microangiopathies , Transplantation, Homologous
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-130754

ABSTRACT

Pericardial effusion (PcE) is one of the uncommon complications after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Although many causes are related with PcE after HSCT, PcE after HSCT is usually late-onset and can be presented as a sign of acute or chronic graft-versus-host disease in allogeneic transplantation. Previous reports of PcE after autologous HSCT are very uncommon. Transplantation-associated thrombotic microangiopathy (TA-TMA) is a kind of renal microvascular complications after HSCT, which is similar to thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura. The authors report a case of early-onset PcE, which maybe resulted from TA-TMA, after high-dose chemotherapy and autologous peripheral blood HSCT in a 4-year-old child with neuroblastoma.


Subject(s)
Child , Drug Therapy , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Neuroblastoma , Pericardial Effusion , Child, Preschool , Purpura, Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic , Thrombotic Microangiopathies , Transplantation, Homologous
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL