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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-832797

ABSTRACT

Xanthogranulomatous inflammation is a rare inflammatory reaction, characterized by lipid-laden macrophages, known as xanthomas, in histopathologic examination. Aggressive xanthogranulomatous inflammation often manifests as local infiltration but does not affect distant organs unless combined with rare systemic diseases. We report a case of focal xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) associated with severe xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis. Focal XGP was suspected in radiologic examination that showed a cystic lesion with an infiltrative margin, which were surgically resected and confirmed in pathologic examination. To our knowledge, this is the first report of focal xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis associated with xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis. Moreover, we found peripheral hypointensity around the cystic lesion in the T2-weighted image, probably reflecting hemorrhage and fibrosis of the xanthogranulomatous inflammation.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 282-284, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762326

ABSTRACT

In past decades, hepatic portal venous gas (HPVG) has rarely been reported, and the mortality rate has been very high. In most cases, surgical intervention was needed. Presently, abdominal computed tomography can be conveniently used to diagnose HPVG, which has various underlying causes and benign courses. We present the case of a patient with HPVG due to anastomosis leakage after a sigmoidectomy for diverticulitis; the patient was cured with conservative management.


Subject(s)
Colon, Sigmoid , Diverticulitis , Humans , Mortality
3.
Kosin Medical Journal ; : 212-220, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101348

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES: The neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) level following non cardiac surgery is useful for predicting acute kidney damage. However, there is insufficient conclusive evidence as to whether NGAL can be used to predict subclinical AKI following non-cardiac surgery. METHODS: We measured serum NGAL and creatinine levels in 41 patients following non-cardiac surgery, and the increase of these variables was used to predict acute decreases in kidney function. RESULTS: The study included a total of 41 patients. The mean age was 64.65 ± 17.09 years. The serum creatinine concentration was increased 12 hours after surgery. The mean SD serum NGAL decreased after 4hours after surgery and continued to decrease after 12 hours after surgery. The incidence of subclinical AKI determined by the 4 hour serum NGAL level was 10(24.4%), and the incidence of serum creatinine elevation was 0(0.0%). The incidence of subclinical AKI determined by the 12 hour serum NGAL level was 4(9.8%), and the incidence of subclinical AKI determined by serum creatinine was 4(9.8%). The elevation of NGAL was more rapid than the serum creatinine 4 hours after surgery. CONCLUSIONS: We verified the usefulness of the serum NGAL level as a predictive factor for subclinical AKI after non-cardiac surgery.


Subject(s)
Acute Kidney Injury , Creatinine , Humans , Incidence , Kidney , Lipocalins , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Thoracic Surgery
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108390

ABSTRACT

Spontaneous bleeding from a short gastric artery in the absence of pre-disposing trauma is reported very rarely. To the best of our knowledge, the published literature includes only 14 cases. Young men comprise almost all of the patients, and were induced by vomiting or gagging. The patients usually required emergent surgery. Our patient, a 32-year-old man, was diagnosed with spontaneous hemoperitoneum due to short gastric artery tearing after a few instances of vomiting. We managed him conservatively including fluid, vitamin K and antifibrinolytic agent without surgery.


Subject(s)
Adult , Arteries , Gagging , Hemoperitoneum , Hemorrhage , Humans , Male , Splenic Artery , Tears , Vitamin K , Vomiting
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-23360

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the expressions of CD44 and CD133 in colorectal cancer tissue by using immunohistochemical staining and to analyze the clinical significance of the expressions related to other clinicopathological data and survival results. METHODS: One hundred sixty-two patients with a biopsy-proven colorectal adenocarcinoma who were operated on between January 1998 and August 2004 were enrolled in this study. Immunohistochemical staining for CD44 and CD133 was performed on primary colorectal cancer tissue, metastatic lymph nodes, and synchronous and metachronous metastatic tumor tissues if available. RESULTS: CD44 expression was stronger in the primary tumor than in metastatic lymph nodes (P < 0.001), and CD133 expression tended to be stronger in primary tumor than in metastatic lymph nodes (P = 0.057). No significant correlation was found between the CD44 and the CD133 expressions. The cases with recurrence showed low expression of CD44 (P = 0.017). CD133 expression was lower in cases with elevated CA 19-9 serum levels (P = 0.028) and advanced T stage (P = 0.038). Multivariate analysis proved that low expression of CD44 was an independent prognosis factor for short disease-free survival (P = 0.028). CONCLUSION: Low CD44 expression was correlated with increased tumor recurrence and short disease-free survival, and low CD133 expression was associated with advanced tumor stage. We suggest that further studies be performed to evaluate whether the immunohistochemical method for determining the CD44 and the CD133 expressions is appropriate for exploring cancer stem-cell biology in patients with colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , CD40 Antigens , Biology , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplastic Stem Cells , Prognosis , Recurrence , Stem Cells
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-200094

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Papillary thyroid cancer (PTC) is known to have a favorable prognosis and low mortality. However, some PTC has aggressive propensity with loco-regional recurrence or distant metastasis, and it could cause poor quality of life. Many studies for predicting high-risk group in papillary thyroid cancer have been reported, however, more study is needed. The objective of this study is to assess the efficiency of inflammation indices including the Neutrophil-Lymphocyte Ratio (NLR) as a predictor for high-risk group in papillary thyroid cancer patients. METHODS: From January 2006 to November 2012, this study enrolled consecutive 164 patients who underwent total thyroidectomy and were confirmed with papillary thyroid cancer by histopathology. Among 164 patients, 23 were excluded because they had co-morbidities which could confound the inflammation related variables. We reviewed the medical records of 141 patients and assessed the correlation between inflammation indices including preoperative serum NLR and clinical prognostic parameters, including age at presentation, tumor size, extra-thyroidal extension, lymph node metastasis, TNM stage, and MACIS score. RESULTS: In the papillary thyroid cancer patients, preoperative value of NLR, ESR, CRP, platelet, and albumin showed no significant correlation with the risk factors. CONCLUSION: In this study, preoperative inflammatory parameters such as NLR had uncertain efficacy as risk factors for papillary thyroid cancer.


Subject(s)
Blood Platelets , Humans , Inflammation , Lymph Nodes , Medical Records , Mortality , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Quality of Life , Recurrence , Risk Factors , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy
7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-152270

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the systemic inflammatory response in colorectal cancer patients, and to estimate the usefulness of the Glasgow prognostic score (GPS) as a prognostic factor. METHODS: Patients with biopsy-proven colorectal adenocarcinoma who were operated between April 2005 and December 2008 were enrolled in this study. The GPS was estimated based on the measurement of CRP and serum albumin level. The GPS was compared with other clinicopathological factors. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to evaluate the factors affecting cancer-specific survival. RESULTS: GPS was significantly higher in patients with anemia, thrombocytosis, a high neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio, tumor of the colon, and large tumor. Patient age, gender, serum CEA level, tumor gross appearance, TNM stage, and tumor differentiation were not related with the GPS. In univariate analysis, hemoglobin, CEA, gross appearance of tumor, TNM stage, tumor differentiation, and GPS were associated with cancer-specific survival. In multivariate analysis, TNM stage (III or IV : I or II; hazard ratio [HR], 12.322; P = 0.015), tumor differentiation (poorly differentiated : well or moderately differentiated; HR, 3.112; P = 0.021), and GPS (GPS 2 : GPS 0 or 1; HR, 5.168; P = 0.003) were identified as independent prognostic factors in colorectal cancer. CONCLUSION: Our study showed that the GPS was an independent variable from tumor stage and a good and convenient prognostic factor in colorectal cancer patients.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Anemia , Colon , Colorectal Neoplasms , Humans , Inflammation , Lymphocytes , Multivariate Analysis , Neutrophils , Prognosis , Serum Albumin , Thrombocytosis
8.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 111-116, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-83932

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chronic inflammation induces cancer and cancer induces local tissue damage with systemic inflammation. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the potential relationship between the severity of inflammation and prognosis in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study enrolled 220 patients from January 2002 to December 2006 who underwent gastric surgery. We evaluated the relationship between preoperative inflammatory parameters (erythrocyte sedimentation rate, neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio) and other clinicopathological factors. Survival outcomes were compared according to the extent of inflammation. RESULTS: Significant elevation of erythrocyte sedimentation rate was related with old age, increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio, decreased hemoglobin, increased carcinoembryonic antigen, increased tumor size and advanced TNM stage. Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio was significantly correlated with old age, increased erythrocyte sedimentation rate and advanced TNM stage. In the univariate analysis, elevated erythrocyte sedimentation rate and increased neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio had significantly poorer survival than those without elevation (all P<0.05). However, the multivariate analysis failed to prove erythrocyte sedimentation rate and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio as independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSIONS: The elevation of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio were correlated with poor prognosis in the univariate analysis and there was a strong correlation between inflammatory parameters (erythrocyte sedimentation rate and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio) and tumor progression. Thus, erythrocyte sedimentation rate and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio are considered useful as follow-up factors.


Subject(s)
Blood Sedimentation , Carcinoembryonic Antigen , Follow-Up Studies , Hemoglobins , Humans , Inflammation , Multivariate Analysis , Prognosis , Stomach Neoplasms
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-72875

ABSTRACT

Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) of the liver is a very rare lesion that has radiologic similarity with malignant liver tumor. Differential diagnosis of IMT from a malignant lesion of the liver is very important because surgical resection is not mandatory for IMT. Lipiodol computed tomography is a very sensitive and specific diagnostic tool for hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC). Herein, we describe a case of IMT that had dense lipiodol uptake in the tumor and mimicked HCC. To our knowledge, previously, only one case of IMT with dense lipiodol retention has been reported.


Subject(s)
Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Diagnosis, Differential , Ethiodized Oil , Liver , Myofibroblasts , Retention, Psychology
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-61523

ABSTRACT

Carcinosarcoma is a rare malignant, biphasic tumor comprised of carcinoma and sarcoma components. In the gastrointestinal tract, carcinosarcoma is most frequently seen in the esophagus and rarely in the stomach. We report a 51-year-old female patient with 2-month-history of epigastric pain and dyspepsia. Endoscopic finding revealed a huge ulcerative lesion that infiltrated from the antrum to the mid-body. An endoscopically taken biopsy revealed poorly differentiated malignant round cell neoplasm. After the palliative subtotal gastrectomy, immunohistochemical studies showed two positive reactions for the epithelial marker and mesenchymal marker. Based on the above findings, the patient was diagnosed with gastric carcinosarcoma. The immunohistochemical analysis is a critical method in making an accurate diagnosis of carcinosarcoma.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Carcinosarcoma , Dyspepsia , Esophagus , Female , Gastrectomy , Gastrointestinal Tract , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Sarcoma , Stomach , Ulcer
11.
Gut and Liver ; : 471-475, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58000

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Various strategies to expand the ablation zone have been attempted using hepatic radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The optimal strategy, however, is unknown. We compared hepatic RFA with an internally cooled wet (ICW) electrode and vascular inflow occlusion. METHODS: Eight dogs were assigned to one of three groups: only RFA using an internally cooled electrode (group A), RFA using an ICW electrode (group B), and RFA using an internally cooled electrode with the Pringle maneuver (group C). The ablation zone diameters were measured on the gross specimens, and the volume of the ablation zone was calculated. RESULTS: The ablation zone volume was greatest in group B (1.82+/-1.23 cm3), followed by group C (1.22+/-0.47 cm3), and then group A (0.48+/-0.33 cm3). The volumes for group B were significantly larger than the volumes for group A (p=0.030). There was no significant difference in the volumes between groups A and C (p=0.079) and between groups B and C (p=0.827). CONCLUSIONS: Both the usage of an ICW electrode and hepatic vascular occlusion effectively expanded the ablation zone. The use of an ICW electrode induced a larger ablation zone with easy handling compared with using hepatic vascular occlusion, although this difference was not statistically significant.


Subject(s)
Animals , Catheter Ablation , Dogs , Electrodes , Handling, Psychological , Liver
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-7904

ABSTRACT

Colorectal cancer is the third most common malignancy in Korea. In contrast, pericolic or mesenteric lymphoma is relatively rare. We experienced an extremely rare case of synchronous primary colon cancer in the ascending colon with T-cell lymphoma in the pericolic lymph node. A 79-year-old woman presented with complaints of epigastric and right lower abdominal pain combined with anorexia and nausea. Colonoscopic evaluation and biopsy were performed, and the diagnosis was cecal adenocarcinoma. She underwent right hemicolectomy with lymph node dissection. The pathology report revealed adenocarcinoma in cecum with metastasis to 1 regional lymph node out of 37 lymph nodes. In addition, there was malignant angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma in 1 pericolic lymph node. There was no evidence of lymphoma in ileum, cecum and ascending colon, so the possibility of early phase of lymphoma was suggested.


Subject(s)
Abdominal Pain , Adenocarcinoma , Aged , Anorexia , Biopsy , Cecum , Colon , Colon, Ascending , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Female , Humans , Ileum , Korea , Lymph Node Excision , Lymph Nodes , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Nausea , Neoplasm Metastasis , T-Lymphocytes
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66804

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-7 have been implicated in tumor growth and metastasis. This study aimed to investigate the expressions of MMP-2 and -7 in colorectal cancer and to evaluate their values as prognostic markers. METHODS: Immunohistochemical staining for MMP-2 and -7 was done in 144 resected colorectal cancer specimens. Clinicopathological data and survival results were compared with regard to the expression results. RESULTS: The expression rates of MMP-2 in tumor cells in the tumor center and the tumor border were 16.7% and 38.9%, respectively. That of MMP-2 in stromal cells was 27.8%. MMP-7 immunoreactivities of tumor cells in the tumor center and the tumor border were 6.9% and 23.6%. The expressions of MMP-2 and MMP-7 were correlated. MMP-2 expression in stromal cells was more increased in the distal part of the colorectum: 8.8% in right colon cancer, 29.5% in left colon cancer and 36.4% in rectal cancer. MMP-2 expression of tumor cells in the tumor border was correlated with T-stage. MMP-7 expression of tumor cells in the tumor border was increased in case of infiltrative cancer compared with fungating tumor. The expression patterns of MMP-2 and -7 were not correlated with other clinicopathological factors, including tumor markers, node metastasis, distant metastasis, lymphatic invasion, tumor differentiation, and recurrence. No significant associations between the overall and disease-free survival rates and the MMP-2 and -7 expression patterns were noted. CONCLUSION: The high expression rates of MMP-2 and -7 in tumor borders suggest that MMP-2 and -7 have some role in tumor invasion, but in this study, MMP-2 and -7 did not appear to be significant predictors of prognosis in colorectal cancer.


Subject(s)
Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Neoplasms , Disease-Free Survival , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphatic Metastasis , Matrix Metalloproteinase 2 , Matrix Metalloproteinases , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Rectal Neoplasms , Recurrence , Stromal Cells , Biomarkers, Tumor
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-82924

ABSTRACT

Adrenal medullary hyperplasia is an increase in the mass of the adrenal medullary cells. We report a case of a 38-year-old man presenting with pheochromocytoma-like symptoms who was preoperatively misdiagnosed with pheochromocytoma. Hypertension was associated with an intracranial hemorrhage evident in a brain computed tomography scan, in which no obvious pituitary gland enlargement was detected. An abdominopelvic CT revealed a solitary tumor in the right adrenal gland with no obvious enlargement of the contralateral adrenal gland or sympathetic chains. Lab results showed increased levels of urinary metanephrines. Based on clinical data, the patient underwent a laparoscopic right adrenalectomy bases on a diagnosis of pheochromocytoma. The patient was finally diagnosed with adrenal medullary hyperplasia with coexisting ipsilateral non-functioning adrenal cortical adenoma. Postoperatively, blood pressure and lab results were maintained in the normal range and the patient was symptomatically free during the follow-up period.


Subject(s)
Adrenal Glands , Adrenalectomy , Adrenocortical Adenoma , Adult , Blood Pressure , Brain , Diagnosis , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hyperplasia , Hypertension , Intracranial Hemorrhages , Pheochromocytoma , Pituitary Gland , Reference Values
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