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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-873686


@#Dental bonding technology and materials have been used widely in dentistry because of their excellent properties. The development of novel bonding technology and materials is constantly being performed to improve the effect of dental bonding restorations. Observation and analysis of the dental bonding interface is one of the most important methods for laboratory evaluation of bonding efficiency. This paper aims to review the methods of observation and analysis of dental bonding interfaces to provide a reference for the selection of evaluation methods in dental bonding research. The features of 6 methods, including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), Raman spectroscopy (RS), optical coherence tomography (OCT) and atomic force microscopy (AFM), were described and summarized. Among these methods, SEM and TEM are used most often in the analysis of fine structures; CLSM and OCT are used for the acquisition of characteristic image signals, such as microleakage and exogenous and endogenous fluorescence; and RS and AFM can test chemical composition and mechanical properties.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-750721


@#Microbial infections affect people worldwide. Quaternary ammonium salts serve antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, anti-matrix metalloproteinase and polymerization functions. While the modification of biomaterials with quaternary ammonium salts cannot affect the physical or chemical properties of the biomaterials, this process can confer them with stable biological activity. Currently, quaternary ammonium salts are widely used in the development of functional orthopedic materials, sutures, dressings and dental materials, and the idea of modifying biomedical materials with quaternary ammonium salts has become the most promising, e.g., for preparing antimicrobial biomaterials. Recent studies have found that quaternary ammonium salt-modified antimicrobial monomers are cytotoxic. Therefore, it is of great significance to explore the cytotoxic mechanism of quaternary ammonium salt-modified antimicrobial monomers and determine possible cytoprotective measures for improving the biological safety of these antimicrobial resin-based materials and expanding their clinical applications. In addition, further validation of the clinical efficacy of these biomaterials is particularly important for accurately evaluating the clinical prospects of these biomaterials. Based on a literature review, this paper summarizes the applications and toxicity of biomedical materials modified with quaternary ammonium salts.

Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777781


@#Bone is a hierarchically structured and highly mineralized hard tissue composed of an organic phase (type I collagen and noncollagenous proteins) and an inorganic phase (nanohydroxyapatite). Intrafibrillar mineralized collagen is the basic structural unit of bone tissue and is of high significance due to its superior mechanical and biological properties. Thus, to truly understand the unique properties of bone, it is necessary to review the most basic structural level of bone. In this article, we review the recent advances in understanding the development of intrafibrillar mineralization and the prevailing theories in the formation of such intrafibrillar minerals. Understanding the mechanisms of intrafibrillar mineralization may facilitate the development of engineered bone for clinical applications and provide deeper insight into the nature of biomineralization.