Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 20
Filter
1.
Journal of Prevention and Treatment for Stomatological Diseases ; (12): 727-732, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980091

ABSTRACT

Objective @# To compare the tooth drift differences between different types of patients after orthodontic extraction for 1.5 months (45 days) without return to the clinic on time for some reasons.@*Methods@#This study has been reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee, and informed consent has been obtained from patients. A total of 84 patients had bilateral premolars extracted but were not bonded the bracket for some reasons. The upper and lower jaw dental models were cast, scanned, and reconstructed in 3D. Patients were divided into 12 groups based on extraction positions (first premolar or second premolar), jaw types (maxilla or mandible) and vertical facial types (average angle, high angle, or low angle). Multivariate analysis of variance was used to analyze the changes in the following five indicators in different types of patients who were interrupted for 1.5 months after extraction: anterior tooth crowding, width between canines, width between first molars, tooth extraction space, and overbite of anterior teeth. @*Results @#The tooth extraction position, jaw type and vertical facial type had an effect on the reduction in tooth extraction space and anterior tooth crowding before and after the sudden emergent state (1.5 months after tooth extraction) (P<0.001), and the tooth extraction position and vertical facial type had an effect on the increase in anterior tooth overbite (P<0.001). The drift of bilateral adjacent teeth was greater in patients with first premolars extracted than in those with second premolars extracted (P<0.001), and the drift of bilateral adjacent teeth in the maxilla was larger than that of the mandible (P<0.001). The drift of bilateral adjacent teeth in patients with high angles was more obvious than that of patients with average angles and low angles (P<0.001). @* Conclusion@# For orthodontic patients who have maxillary tooth extraction, first premolar extraction, and even high angles in the vertical facial type, the bilateral adjacent teeth are easier to drift, orthodontic treatment should be carried out soon after extraction, and attention should be given to anchorage control.

2.
Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 677-681, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980300

ABSTRACT

@#There are more than 70 species of flaviviruses, including Zika virus, Dengue virus and Japanese encephalitis virus, and more than 33 species are known to be capable of infecting humans. Only three flavivirus vaccines have been approved, and there is a lack of safe and effective vaccines for most flaviviruses. Adenovirus-vectored vaccines have high safety, low cost, and convenience to store and transport. Currently, two adenovirus-vectored Zika vaccines are under early clinical trials, and adenovirus-vectored vaccines for Dengue virus, Japanese encephalitis virus, West Nile virus and yellow fever virus are still in the phase of animal experiment. In the development of adenovirus-vectored flavivirus vaccines, there are still problems of pre-existing immunity to adenovirus, the insufficient immunogenicity of adenovirus vectors and the antibody-dependent enhancement effects among flavivirus. Based on relevant publications from January 2006 to June 2023, this article reviews the current status, challenges and solutions of the research into adenovirus-vectored flavivirus vaccines, so as to provide the reference for the development of relevant vaccines.

3.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 520-525, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985955

ABSTRACT

Objective: To assess the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of high-dose dual therapy compared with bismuth-containing quadruple therapy for treating Helicobacter pylori(H.pylori) infection in servicemen patients. Methods: A total of 160 H. pylori-infected, treatment-naive servicemen, including 74 men and 86 women, aged from 20 years to 74 years, with a mean (SD) age of 43 (13) years, tested in the First Center of Chinese PLA General Hospital from March 2022 to May 2022 were enrolled in this open-label, randomized controlled clinical trial. Patients were randomly allocated into 2 groups: the 14-day high-dose dual therapy group and the bismuth-containing quadruple therapy group. Eradication rates, adverse events, patient compliance, and drug costs were compared between the two groups. The t-test was used for continuous variables, and the Chi-square test for categorical variables. Results: No significant difference in H. pylori eradication rates were found between high-dose dual therapy and bismuth-containing quadruple therapy by ITT, mITT and PP analysis[ITT:90.0% (95%CI 81.2%-95.6%) vs. 87.5% (95%CI 78.2%-93.8%), χ2=0.25, P=0.617;mITT:93.5% (95%CI 85.5%-97.9%) vs. 93.3% (95%CI 85.1%-97.8%), χ2<0.01, P=1.000; PP: 93.5% (95%CI 85.5%-97.9%) vs. 94.5% (95%CI 86.6%-98.5%), χ2<0.01, P=1.000 ]. The dual therapy group exhibited significantly less overall side effects compared with the quadruple therapy group [21.8% (17/78) vs. 38.5% (30/78), χ2=5.15,P=0.023]. There were no significant differences in the compliance rates between the two groups [98.7%(77/78) vs. 94.9%(74/78), χ2=0.83,P=0.363]. The cost of medications in the dual therapy was 32.0% lower compared with that in the quadruple therapy (472.10 RMB vs. 693.94 RMB). Conclusions: The dual regimen has a favorable effect on the eradication of H. pylori infection in servicemen patients. Based on the ITT analysis, the eradication rate of the dual regimen is grade B (90%, good). Additionally, it exhibited a lower incidence of adverse events, better compliance and significantly reduced cost. The dual regimen is expected to be a new choice for the first-line treatment of H. pylori infection in servicemen but needs further evaluation.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Female , Young Adult , Adult , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Bismuth , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Amoxicillin/adverse effects , Drug Therapy, Combination , Treatment Outcome , Proton Pump Inhibitors/therapeutic use
4.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 167-172, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-964399

ABSTRACT

Abstract@#Allergic diseases can occur in all systems of the body, covering the whole life cycle, from children to adults and to old age, can be lifelong onset and even fatal in severe cases. Children account for the largest proportion of the victims of allergic disease, Children s allergies start from scratch, ranging from mild to severe, from less to more, from single to multiple systems and systemic performance, so the prevention and treatment of allergic diseases in children is of great importance, which can not only prevent high risk allergic conditions from developing into allergic diseases, but also further block the process of allergy. At present, there is no consensus on the management system of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools. The "Consensus on Allergy Management and Prevention in Kindergartens and Primary Schools", which includes the organizational structure, system construction and management of allergic children, provides evidence informed recommendations for the long term comprehensive management of allergic children in kindergartens and primary schools, and provides a basis for the establishment of the prevention system for allergic children.

5.
Article | IMSEAR | ID: sea-222915

ABSTRACT

Background: The polymorphism of interleukin-17F rs763780 has been found to have a probable association with increased risk of developing psoriasis. Aims: This study aims to get a more convincing estimation of the association between the interleukin-17F rs763780 T/C polymorphism and psoriasis risk. Methods: Two authors independently searched the databases including PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure, Wanfang and Chinese Biomedical Literature Databases for case–control studies which reported the odds ratios with 95% confidence intervals comparing genotype and allele frequencies of the interleukin-17F rs763780 polymorphism in patients with psoriasis versus participants without psoriasis. Results: A total of seven case–control studies incorporating 1824 cases and 1585 controls were identified. The pooled odds ratios indicated that interleukin-17F rs763780 C allele was a risk factor for psoriasis in allele frequency, recessive model and homozygote model (P < 0.05). Subgroup analysis by ethnicity further indicated that the C allele was closely related to increased risk of psoriasis in Asian populations (P < 0.05), but not in Caucasians. Limitations: Only a few studies on the interleukin-17F rs763780 polymorphism in psoriasis have been reported till date, thus the data is insufficient. Only one gene polymorphic site was selected for this study, and it is not clear whether other genetic mutation functional sites affect the gene. Further studies on confounding effects of other genetic polymorphisms are needed. Conclusion: The present meta-analysis results suggested that the interleukin-17F rs763780 T/C is significantly associated with psoriasis risk in Asians

6.
Braz. J. Pharm. Sci. (Online) ; 57: e18104, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1350241

ABSTRACT

Malt is the mature fruit of Hordeum vulgare L. after germination and drying and has been applied for treatment female abnormal galactorrhea. Previous studies have showed total alkaloids in malt have anti-HPRL effect. However, total alkaloids of malt change with the growth cycle, and the specified levels of total alkaloids in different bud length of malt have not been decided. To determine the definitive level of total alkaloids in different buds of malt and the most suitable bud length for clinical application by comparing effects on hyperprolactinemia rat. During the budding of malt, the content of total alkaloids first increased and then decreased, and it peaked at a bud length of 0.75 cm. Treated the HPRL model rats with different buds of malt, the PRL level was decreased, the number of PRLpositive cells and the mRNA expression level in the pituitary were significantly declined, and the number of dopamine D1 and D2 receptors in the hypothalamus was increased. The above changes were most significant in 0.75 cm bud. These results suggest that in terms of the content of effective substance and the effects on HPRL model rats, a malt bud length of 0.75 cm is optimal for clinical application.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Rats , Hordeum/classification , Benchmarking/methods , Seedlings/adverse effects , Hyperprolactinemia/classification , Dopamine , Germination , Alkaloids/adverse effects , Endocrine System/abnormalities , Fruit
7.
Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. (Impr.) ; 85(5): 588-596, Sept.-Oct. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039291

ABSTRACT

Abstract Introduction: There is still no general method for discriminating between benign and malignant leukoplakia and identifying vocal fold leukoplakia. Objective: To evaluate the reliability of a morphological classification and the correlation between morphological types and pathological grades of vocal fold leukoplakia. Methods: A total of 375 patients with vocal fold leukoplakia between 2009 and 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. Two observers divided the vocal fold leukoplakia into flat and smooth, elevated and smooth, and rough type on the basis of morphological appearance. The inter-observer reliability was evaluated and the results of classification from both observers were compared with final pathological grades. Clinical characteristics between low risk and high risk group were also analyzed. Results: The percentage inter-observer agreement of the morphological classification was 78.7% (κ = 0.615, p < 0.001). In the results from both observers, the morphological types were significantly correlated with the pathological grades (p1 < 0.001, p2 < 0.001, Kruskal-Wallis test; r1 = 0.646, p1 < 0.001, r2 = 0.539, p2 < 0.001, Spearman Correlation Analysis). Multivariate analysis showed patient's age (p = 0.018), the size of lesion (p < 0.001), and morphological type (p < 0.001) were significantly different between low risk group and high risk group. Combined receiver operating characteristic curve analysis of significant parameters revealed an area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of 0.863 (95% CI 0.823-0.903, p < 0.001). Conclusions: The proposed morphological classification of vocal fold leukoplakia was consistent between observers and morphological types correlated with pathological grades. Patient's age, the size of lesion, and morphological type might enable risk stratification and provide treatment guidelines for vocal fold leukoplakia.


Resumo Introdução: Ainda não há um método universal estabelecido para diferenciar entre a leucoplasia benigna e maligna ou identificar as leucoplasias das pregas vocais. Objetivo: Avaliar a confiabilidade de uma classificação morfológica e a correlação entre os tipos morfológicos e os graus histopatológicos das leucoplasias de pregas vocais. Método: Os registros de 375 pacientes com leucoplasia da prega vocal assistidos entre 2009 e 2015 foram revisados retrospectivamente. Dois observadores dividiram a leucoplasia da prega vocal entre tipo plano e liso, elevado e liso, e rugoso, com base na aparência morfológica. A confiabilidade interobservador foi avaliada e os resultados de classificação de ambos os observadores foram comparados com os graus histopatológicos finais. As características clínicas entre os grupos de baixo risco e alto risco também foram analisadas. Resultados: A porcentagem da concordância interobservador da classificação morfológica foi de 78,7% (κ = 0,615, p < 0,001). Nos resultados de ambos os observadores, os tipos morfológicos correlacionaram-se significativamente com os graus histopatológicos (p1 < 0,001, p2 < 0,001, teste de Kruskal-Wallis; r1 = 0,646, p1 < 0,001, r2 = 0,539, p2 < 0,001, análise de correlação de Spearman). A análise multivariada mostrou que a idade do paciente (p = 0,018), o tamanho da lesão (p < 0,001) e o tipo morfológico (p < 0,001) foram significativamente diferentes entre o grupo de baixo risco e o de alto risco. A análise da curva ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) combinada de parâmetros significativos revelou uma área sob a curva de 0,863 (IC 95%: 0,823 ± 0,903, p < 0,001). Conclusões: A classificação morfológica proposta para leucoplasia de prega vocal foi consistente entre observadores e os tipos morfológicos correlacionaram-se com os graus histopatológicos. A idade do paciente, o tamanho da lesão e o tipo morfológico podem permitir a estratificação de risco e fornecem diretrizes de tratamento para a leucoplasia da prega vocal.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Vocal Cords/pathology , Laryngeal Diseases/pathology , Leukoplakia/pathology , Vocal Cords/anatomy & histology , Vocal Cords/surgery , Observer Variation , Laryngeal Diseases/surgery , Laryngeal Diseases/diagnostic imaging , Reproducibility of Results , Retrospective Studies , Risk Assessment , Laryngoscopy , Leukoplakia/surgery , Leukoplakia/diagnostic imaging
8.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 960-972, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1010436

ABSTRACT

Royal jelly (RJ) from honeybee has been widely used as a health promotion supplement. The major royal jelly proteins (MRJPs) have been identified as the functional component of RJ. However, the question of whether MRJPs have anti-senescence activity for human cells remains. Human embryonic lung fibroblast (HFL-I) cells were cultured in media containing no MRJPs (A), MRJPs at 0.1 mg/ml (B), 0.2 mg/ml (C), or 0.3 mg/ml (D), or bovine serum albumin (BSA) at 0.2 mg/ml (E). The mean population doubling levels of cells in media B, C, D, and E were increased by 12.4%, 31.2%, 24.0%, and 10.4%, respectively, compared with that in medium A. The cells in medium C also exhibited the highest relative proliferation activity, the lowest senescence, and the longest telomeres. Moreover, MRJPs up-regulated the expression of superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) and down-regulated the expression of mammalian target of rapamycin (MTOR), catenin beta like-1 (CTNNB1), and tumor protein p53 (TP53). Raman spectra analysis showed that there were two unique bands related to DNA synthesis materials, amide carbonyl group vibrations and aromatic hydrogens. These results suggest that MRJPs possess anti-senescence activity for the HFL-I cell line, and provide new knowledge illustrating the molecular mechanism of MRJPs as anti-senescence factors.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cattle , Humans , Bees , Cell Line , Cell Proliferation , Cellular Senescence/drug effects , Culture Media , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Fatty Acids/chemistry , Fibroblasts/drug effects , Insect Proteins/chemistry , Lung/drug effects , Serum Albumin/metabolism , Spectrum Analysis, Raman , Superoxide Dismutase-1/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53/metabolism , beta Catenin/metabolism
9.
Chinese Journal of Cancer Biotherapy ; (6): 1308-1315, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-801647

ABSTRACT

@# 肿瘤免疫治疗主要通过调节机体免疫和肿瘤之间的平衡来实现肿瘤治疗的目的,已证实对多种肿瘤具有显著的临床 疗效,被认为是继手术、化疗、放疗后又一重要的治疗方法。但目前肿瘤免疫治疗尚无统一的临床应用方案,对不同的肿瘤或同 一肿瘤的不同个体疗效差异巨大,严重制约其发展。既往研究发现,影响免疫检查点抑制剂反应和耐药性的关键因素包括肿瘤本 身的特征(如癌症基因组、表观基因组和微环境)、肿瘤免疫表型、宿主免疫组分(全身免疫和抗肿瘤免疫)及其他的外部影响。然 而,最新研究表明,肿瘤突变负荷、DNA修复基因、HLA基因型、PD-L1表达以及肿瘤免疫抑制微环境与免疫检查点抑制剂的反 应密切相关。因此,本文将从肿瘤突变负荷、DNA修复基因、HLA基因型、PD-L1表达以及肿瘤免疫抑制微环境等5个方面阐述 其影响免疫检查点抑制剂的新机制,旨在为肿瘤的靶向治疗提供借鉴。

10.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 1-10, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-238410

ABSTRACT

This meta-analysis was carried out to evaluate the relationship between NM23 expression and the prognosis of patients with colorectal cancer.We searched PubMed,EMBASE and Web of Science for relevant articles.The pooled odd ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95%CI were calculated to evaluate the prognostic value of NM23 expression in patients with colorectal cancer,and the association between NM23 expression and clinicopathological factors.In total,2289 patients were pooled from 24 available studies.The incorporative OR combined by 16 studies with overall survival showed that high NM23 expression was associated with better overall survival (OR=0.67,95%CI:0.49-0.93,P=0.02,I2=56%,Ph=0.004).And a new estimate without heterogeneity was produced when only combining high-quality studies (OR=0.70,95%CI:0.56-0.86,P=0.0007,I2=46%).In disease free survival (DFS),we also obtained a good prognosis (OR=0.30,95%CI:0.14-0.68,P=0.004).Although we failed to find any significance in N status (P=0.10),elevated NM23 expression was related to well tumor differentiation (OR=0.60,95%CI:0.44-0.820,P=0.001) and Dukes' A&B (OR=0.55,95%CI:0.32-0.95,P=0.03).These results indicated that over-expressed NM23 might be an indicator of good prognosis,well tumor differentiation and Dukes' A&B of patients with colorectal cancer,but no significance was found in N status.

11.
Br J Med Med Res ; 2016; 16(3): 1-8
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-183266

ABSTRACT

Introduction: There was a high prevalence of non-prescribed medicine usage in Taiwan the reasons for this phenomenon may be the false advertisements on underground radio programs that exaggerate the efficacy of non-prescribed medicines combined with inadequate medication knowledge and the high prevalence of adverse self-medication of Taiwanese people. As the result, it is critical to investigate the health literacy in Taiwan. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between medication knowledge, safe use of medicines and health literacy in southern Taiwan. Methodology: A cross-sectional survey was used in the study. A total of 513 residents were recruited and 87 of these were excluded because of invalid data, giving a response rate of 83.0%. Data were collected from February to August 2013. Results: From 426 residents who participated in the study, 60.6% were women. The mean age of study participants was 45.8±5.2 years and the majority of them (38.7%, N=165) were between 31-50 years old. Health literacy was positively associated with medication knowledge (r =.520, p<.01) and safe use of medicines (r =.643, p<.01). Medication knowledge was positively related to safe use of medicines (r =.378, p<.01). Conclusion: Medical knowledge and safe use of medicines affect health literacy. Residents with appropriate medical knowledge, reduce adverse self medication behaviors, and promote health literacy.

12.
Int. j. morphol ; 32(4): 1457-1463, Dec. 2014. ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-734698

ABSTRACT

The histological changes in the spleen and the immunohistochemical expression of visfatin in lipopolysaccharide-stimulated piglets are reported to examine the relation between visfatin and inflammation. The results are as follows: (1) After LPS treated, the spleen displayed thicker capsules and trabecula, the thinner periarterial lymphatic sheath, and the more expandable splenic sinusoid, with an increase in the number of splenic nodules, lymphocytes, ellipsoids of the marginal zone, red blood cells and macrophagocytes. (2) Visfatin-positive cells were mainly distributed in the red pulp of the spleen, with less in splenic nodules and periarterial lymphatic sheath. In the LPS-treated group, the signal intensity and quantity of the visfatin-positive cells were significantly higher in the red pulp and the ellipsoids of the spleen (P<0.01), whereas lower in the periarterial lymphatic sheath. These results indicate that LPS stimulation induces inflammation, causing the histological changes of the piglet spleen and activating humoral immune response. Moreover, variation of visfatin in the spleen suggests that lymphocytes and macrophages are the potent source of visfatin which participates in the humoral immune response in the inflammation.


Se presentan los cambios histológicos en el bazo y la expresión inmunohistoquímica de visfatin en lechones estimulados mediante lipopolisacáridos (LPS) con el objetivo de estudiar la relación entre visfatin e inflamación. Los resultados fueron los siguientes: (1) Después del tratamiento por LPS se observaron en el bazo cápsulas más gruesas y trabéculas, una vaina linfática periarterial más delgada, y más sinusoides esplénicos expandible, con un aumento en el número de nódulos esplénicos, linfocitos, elipsoides de la zona marginal, como también un aumento de las células rojas de la sangre y los macrofagocitos. (2) Las células visfatina-positivas se distribuyeron principalmente en la pulpa roja del bazo, con una cantidad menor en los nódulos esplénicos y la vaina linfática periarterial. En el grupo tratado con LPS, la intensidad de la señal y número de células positivas fueron significativamente mayor en la pulpa roja y los elipsoides del bazo (P<0,01), mientras que estas fueron menores en la vaina linfática periarterial. Estos resultados indican que la estimulación con LPS induce la inflamación provocando cambios histológicos del bazo de los lechones y la activación de la respuesta inmune humoral. Por otra parte, la variación de visfatin en el bazo sugiere que los linfocitos y los macrófagos son una fuente potente de visfatin en la respuesta inmune humoral de la inflamación.


Subject(s)
Animals , Polysaccharides/metabolism , Spleen/drug effects , Spleen/metabolism , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase/metabolism , Swine , Immunohistochemistry
13.
Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol ; 2013 Jan-Feb; 79(1): 118-119
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-147411
14.
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2013; 29 (2): 479-484
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-193620

ABSTRACT

Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the detection rate accuracy of Double-balloon Enteroscopy [DBE] after Capsule Endoscopy [CE] in patients with suspected small bowel diseases


Methodology: From January 2009 to March 2012, sixty-two patients with obscure small bowel diseases who underwent CE followed by DBE were included in this study. Introduction of the endoscope by DBE was either orally or anally according to CE


Results: Sixty-two patients are reported. The overall detection rate of small bowel diseases using CE was 70.9% [44/62]. Sixty-eight DBE procedures following capsule endoscopy were carried out, There was no significant difference [chi[2]=0.6739, P > 0.05] of Positive findings between CE and CE +DBE. Furthermore, the detection rate of small bowel diseases in patients with obscure small intestinal bleeding using CE +DBE [90.9%, 30/33] was superior to that of CE [78.8%, 26/33]; chi[2]=1.8857, P > 0.05


Conclusions: Capsule Endoscopy [CE] can cover the whole GI tract and provide the selection of the route of Double-balloon enteroscopy [DBE]. DBE can also serve as a good complementary approach after an initial imaging using CE. It can verify the findings of CE and provide therapeutic intervention. Using of CE followed by DBE is effective in the diagnosis and management of patients with obscure small bowel diseases

15.
Braz. j. med. biol. res ; 45(12): 1150-1156, Dec. 2012. ilus, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-659639

ABSTRACT

Angiotensin II (Ang II) plays an important role in cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. The combined effect of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and Ang II on cardiomyocytes is unknown. The present study was designed to determine the effect of HGF on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and to explore the combined effect of HGF and Ang II on cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Primary cardiomyocytes were isolated from neonatal rat hearts and cultured in vitro. Cells were treated with Ang II (1 µM) alone, HGF (10 ng/mL) alone, and Ang II (1 µM) plus HGF (10 ng/mL) for 24, 48, and 72 h. The amount of [³H]-leucine incorporation was then measured to evaluate protein synthesis. The mRNA levels of β-myosin heavy chain and atrial natriuretic factor were determined by real-time PCR to evaluate the presence of fetal phenotypes of gene expression. The cell size of cardiomyocytes was also studied. Ang II (1 µM) increased cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Similar to Ang II, treatment with 1 µM HGF promoted cardiomyocyte hypertrophy. Moreover, the combination of 1 µM Ang II and 10 ng/mL HGF clearly induced a combined pro-hypertrophy effect on cardiomyocytes. The present study demonstrates for the first time a novel, combined effect of HGF and Ang II in promoting cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Rats , Angiotensin II/pharmacology , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/pharmacology , Myocytes, Cardiac/drug effects , Animals, Newborn , Cells, Cultured , Dose-Response Relationship, Drug , Hypertrophy/chemically induced , Hypertrophy/pathology , Myocytes, Cardiac/pathology , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction , RNA, Messenger/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism
16.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 16(2): 175-179, May-Apr. 2012. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622740

ABSTRACT

Cryptococcus spp. are common causes of mycoses in immunocompromised patients. To determine the drug susceptibilities of clinical Cryptococcus spp. isolates, the characteristics of 61 clinical Cryptococcus spp. complex isolates and their antifungal susceptibilities were investigated, including 52 C. neoformans and 9 C. gattii isolates collected at Shanghai between 1993 and 2009. Antifungal susceptibility of clinical isolates to amphotericin B, fluconazole, itraconazole, and flucytosine were determined by the microdilution method M27-A2 and the ATB FUNGUS 3 kit. The 90% minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC90) and susceptibility ranges were as follows: 1 (0.0625-1) µg/mL for amphotericin B, 4 (0.125-16) µg/ mL for fluconazole, 0.25 (0.0313-4) µg/mL for itraconazole, and 4 (0.125-8) µg/mL for flucytosine. Fluconazole, itraconazole, and flucytosine have excellent in vitro activity against all tested clinical Cryptococcus spp., and we also found a high rate of tolerance to amphotericin B (MICs ranging from 0.55-1 µg/mL). Furthermore, C. neoformans isolates from acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) patients were less susceptible to fluconazole and flucytosine than those from non-AIDS patients. These data suggest that use of amphotericin B may lead to tolerance or resistance of the pathogen over time. There were also no significant associations between species, genotypes, and in vitro susceptibilities of these clinical isolates.


Subject(s)
Humans , AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections/microbiology , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Cryptococcosis/microbiology , Cryptococcus gattii/drug effects , Cryptococcus neoformans/drug effects , China , Cryptococcus gattii/genetics , Cryptococcus gattii/isolation & purification , Cryptococcus neoformans/genetics , Cryptococcus neoformans/isolation & purification , Drug Resistance, Fungal , Genotype , Microbial Sensitivity Tests
17.
Chinese Journal of Hospital Administration ; (12): 545-548, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-415357

ABSTRACT

The government and general public has paid unprecedented attention to the public health after the outbreak of SARS in 2003. Based on the first and the second round of Three-year Action Plan for Public Health System Construction, the public health system in Shanghai has been gradually improved. The city's public health security has been increasingly consolidated and people's main health status and indicators have been constantly improved. Nowadays, the third round of Three-year Action Plan will be started. This paper will review the development of public health system in Shanghai in recent ten years, analyze the possible problems and challenges in the future and put forward the development direction and strategy of the system.

18.
Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology (Medical Sciences) ; (6): 490-493, 2010.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349797

ABSTRACT

A new artificial somatic-autonomic neuroanastomosis has been established in male rats with spinal cord injury(SCI).Anorectal manometry and neural retrograde tracing were conducted in this animal model to analyze the mechanisms and the effects on recovery of anorectal function.The left L4 ventral root(L4VR)was intradurally micro-anastomosed to the L6 ventral root(L6VR)to establishthe new regenerated neural pathway.Three months later the spinal cord was completely transected at the T9-10 level.Eight weeks later the model rats were randomly divided into two groups.The rats in the group 1(n=8)were applied for anorectal manometry,and those in the group 2(n=4)were used for neural retrograde tracing study with fluorogold(FG)and dextran tetramethylrhodamine(TMR).The results of anorectal manometry showed the new reflex pathway could induce rectum to contract and simultaneously electric activity of external anal sphincter(EAS)to become weak or disappearing (indicating synergetic relaxation of EAS).FG and TMR dual labeled neurons with round and elliptical shape were mainly observed in L4 angulus anterior of model rats.The regenerated neural pathways were effective to improve the rectum external sphincter synergetie status and restore the anorectal function.

19.
Journal of Shanghai Jiaotong University(Medical Science) ; (6)2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-640506

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the expression of human kallikrein gene(KLK) 4 and KLK5 in ovarian cancers,and to investigate the pathogenesis in malignant tumors. Methods Fifty specimens of ovarian cancers were divided into three groups: malignant tumor group(n=23),borderline tumor group(n=6) and control group(normal or benign tumor,n=21).Fluorescent quantitative RT-PCR was employed to determine the expression of KLK4 and KLK5 in these specimens. Results The expression of KLK4 in ovarian cancers was significantly higher than that of the control group(P

20.
Chinese Journal of Medical Genetics ; (6): 364-367, 2005.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-280050

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the effects of mouse preimplantation embryos on the expressions of DNA methyltransferase 1(Dnmt1) of mouse oviduct epithelial cells.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The histological location of Dnmt1 protein was detected by immunohistochemical staining and the expression levels of Dnmt1 mRNA and protein in mouse oviduct were assayed by real-time reverse transcription-PCR(RT-PCR) and Western blotting in both pregnant and pseudopregnant mice at the 2-cell, 4-cell and 8-cell stages.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The expressions of Dnmt1 protein were mainly located in the epithelial cells of mouse oviduct. It was found that during all three stages, the expression levels of Dnmt1 mRNA in the epithelial cells of the pregnant mice were significantly lower than those in the pseudopregnant mice (P< 0.05), and the level of Dnmt1 protein expression in the pregnant mice was significantly decreased as compared with that in pseudopregnant mice at the 4-cell stage.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Expressions of both Dnmt1 mRNA and protein in the epithelial cells of mouse oviduct could be regulated by mouse preimplantation embryos, which might play an important role in the expression changes of some genes in oviduct epithelial cells during the preimplantation period.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Male , Mice , Blastocyst , Physiology , Blotting, Western , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferase 1 , DNA (Cytosine-5-)-Methyltransferases , Genetics , Metabolism , Epithelial Cells , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Gene Expression , Immunohistochemistry , Mice, Inbred ICR , Oviducts , Cell Biology , Random Allocation , Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL