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1.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 24: 1-8, 18 jan. 2022.
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1353282

ABSTRACT

Objetivo: identificar a prevalência do consumo prejudicial de álcool e seus fatores associados entre os ribeirinhos do estado da Paraíba, Brasil. Método: estudo transversal e analítico realizado com 250 moradores de comunidades ribeirinhas da Paraíba, no período de junho a outubro de 2019. Regressão logística bivariada e múltipla foi utilizada para análise dos dados. Resultados: a prevalência do consumo prejudicial de álcool (AUDIT ≥ 8) foi de 30,4% (IC95% 24,7-36,1). Ribeirinhos com maiores chances de apresentarem um uso prejudicial de álcool foram os que fazem uso de drogas ilícitas (OR=3,70; IC95% 1,97-6,96) e de tabaco (OR=2,80; IC95% 1,51-5,21). Conclusão: os ribeirinhos apresentaram uma alta prevalência de consumo prejudicial de álcool, o que torna necessária a adoção de estratégias de prevenção e promoção da saúde quanto ao seu uso nocivo e a suas consequências à saúde da população ribeirinha.


Objective: to identify the prevalence of harmful alcohol consumption and its associated factors among residents of riverine communities in the state of Paraíba, Brazil. Method: cross-sectional, analytical study of 250 residents of riverine communities in Paraíba, from June to October 2019. Bivariate and multiple logistic regression was used for data analysis. Results: the prevalence of harmful alcohol consumption (AUDIT ≥ 8) was 30.4% (95%CI 24.7-36.1). The residents of riverine communities who were most likely to harmful use of alcohol were those who use illicit drugs (OR=3.70; 95%CI 1.97-6.96) and tobacco (OR=2.80; 95%CI 1.51-5.21). Conclusion: residents of riverine communities had a high prevalence of harmful alcohol consumption, which brings the need to adopt prevention and health promotion strategies regarding the harmful use of alcohol and its consequences for the health of this population.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Vulnerable Populations , Risk Factors
2.
Braz. j. infect. dis ; 25(1): 101036, jan., 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249300

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Homeless people are at high risk for sexually transmitted infections (STIs), such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and syphilis. We investigated the epidemiology of HIV-1 infection and syphilis among homeless individuals in a large city in Central-Western Brazil. In this cross-sectional study, we interviewed and tested 355 individuals from September 2014 to August 2015. Rapid test samples positive for syphilis were retested using the Venereal Disease Research Laboratory (VDRL) test. Blood samples from HIV-infected participants were collected for POL sequencing using HIV-1 RNA extracted from plasma, reverse transcription, and nested polymerase chain reaction. Anti-HIV-1-positive samples were subtyped by sequencing the nucleotides of HIV-1 protease and part of the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase genes. Transmitted and acquired drug resistance mutations and susceptibility to antiretroviral drugs were also analyzed. Anti-HIV was positive in 14 patients (3.9%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.3-6.4). HIV-1 RNA was detected in 8 of the 14 samples. Two of the eight (25%) isolates showed HIV-1 drug resistance mutations. Furthermore, 78 (22%; 95% CI: 17.9-26.5) and 29 (8.2%; 95% CI: 5.6-11.4) homeless individuals tested positive for syphilis using the rapid test and VDRL test, respectively. Two individuals were anti-HIV-1 and VDRL test positive. Daily alcohol use (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 3.2, 95% CI: 1.0-10.4), sex with people living with HIV (PLWH) infection (AOR: 6.8, 95% CI: 1.9-25.0), and sex with people of the same sex (AOR: 5.4, 95% CI: 1.7-17.5) were predictors of HIV infection. Age ≤35 years (AOR: 3.8, 95% CI: 1.4-10.8), previous syphilis testing (AOR: 3.5, 95% CI: 1.4-8.4), history of genital lesions (AOR: 4.9, 95% CI: 1.3-19.1), and crack use in the last six months (AOR: 3.1, 95% CI: 1.3-7.6) were predictors of syphilis. Our findings highlight the importance of STI prevention and control strategies among the homeless.

3.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 24: e210017, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1251267

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT: Objective: To compare social characteristics, risk behaviors, and sexually transmitted infections among travestis and transsexual women. Methodology: A cross-sectional study was carried out in three cities in Goiás, Central Brazil. Trans women were interviewed on sociodemographic characteristics, discrimination, prejudice, sexual behavior, illicit drugs, and previous testing for HIV and syphilis between April 2018 and August 2019. Results: A total of 166 travestis and 249 transsexual women were investigated. Although sexual, physical, and verbal violence were common to both groups, sexual behavior, use of illicit drugs, prison, and previous positive HIV and syphilis testing were more frequent among travestis than in transsexual women. Conclusion: The present findings confirm that Brazilian travestis are at greater risk for sexually transmitted infections (STI), indicating that health services should take this imbalance into account in terms of health intervention proportions.


RESUMO: Objetivo: Comparar características sociais, comportamentos de risco e infecções sexualmente transmissíveis entre travestis e mulheres transexuais. Métodos: Estudo transversal conduzido em três cidades de Goiás, Brasil Central. De abril de 2018 a agosto de 2019, foram entrevistadas mulheres trans a respeito de características sociodemográficas, discriminação, preconceito, comportamentos sexuais, drogas ilícitas e testagem prévia para HIV e sífilis. Resultados: Um total de 166 travestis e 249 mulheres transexuais foram investigadas. Embora as violências sexual, física e verbal fossem comuns para ambos os grupos, comportamentos sexuais, uso de drogas ilícitas, prisão e teste positivo para HIV e sífilis foram mais frequentes entre as travestis quando comparadas às mulheres transexuais. Conclusão: Os presentes resultados ratificam que as travestis brasileiras apresentam maior risco para infecções sexualmente transmissíveis (IST); portanto, os gestores de saúde devem levar em conta esse desequilíbrio nas propostas de medidas de intervenção em saúde.

4.
Rev. latinoam. enferm. (Online) ; 28: e3306, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BDENF | ID: biblio-1101703

ABSTRACT

Objective: to estimate the prevalence of Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) and associated factors in sugarcane cutters. Method: a cross-sectional, analytical study with 937 sugarcane cutters from Paraíba and Goiás, states of Brazil, respectively. An outcome variable was the positive results in some rapid tests for HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B and C. Bivariate and multiple analyses were performed to identify the association between these infections and sociodemographic and behavioral variables. Results: all participants were male, most were young adults and had low schooling. Prevalence of STI was estimated at 4.1% (95% CI: 3.0-5.5). According to multiple regression analysis, the variables age over 40 years (OR 5.0; CI 95%: 1.8-14), alcohol consumption (OR 3.9; CI 95%: 1.3-11.9), and illicit drugs (OR 2.9; CI 95%: 1.3-6.3) were factors associated with the STIs investigated. On the other hand, having some religion (OR 0.4; CI 95%: 0.2-0.8), and work in the Midwest Region (OR 0.4; CI 95%: 0.2-0.9) were factors negatively associated with these infections. Conclusion: presence of risk behaviors for STI among sugarcane cutters. Screening for these infections in groups of rural workers is essential for early diagnosis and breaking the chain of transmission.


Objetivo: estimar a prevalência de Infecções Sexualmente Transmissíveis (IST) e fatores associados em cortadores de cana-de-açúcar. Método: estudo transversal, analítico, com 937 cortadores de cana-de-açúcar dos estados da Paraíba e de Goiás, no Brasil. Considerou-se como variável de desfecho a positividade em algum teste rápido para HIV, sífilis, hepatite B e C. Análises bivariada e múltipla foram realizadas para identificar associação entre essas infecções e variáveis sociodemográficas e comportamentais. Resultados: todos os participantes eram do sexo masculino, a maioria eram adultos jovens e possuíam baixa escolaridade. Estimou-se uma prevalência para IST de 4,1%(IC 95%: 3,0-5,5). De acordo com a análise de regressão múltipla, variáveis como idade acima de 40 anos (OR 5,0; IC 95%: 1,8-14), consumo de álcool (OR 3,9; IC 95%: 1,3-11,9) e de drogas ilícitas (OR 2,9; IC 95%: 1,3-6,3) foram fatores associados às IST investigadas. Por outro lado, ter alguma religião (OR 0,4; IC 95%: 0,2-0,8) e trabalhar na Região Centro-Oeste (OR 0,4; IC 95%: 0,2-0,9) foram fatores associados negativamente a essas infecções. Conclusão: presença de comportamentos de risco para as IST entre os cortadores de cana-de-açúcar. O rastreio destas infecções em grupos de trabalhadores rurais é fundamental para diagnóstico precoce e quebra da cadeia de transmissão.


Objetivo: estimar la prevalencia de infecciones de transmisión sexual (ITS) y factores asociados en cortadores de caña de azúcar. Método: estudio analítico transversal con 937 cortadores de caña de azúcar de los estados de Paraíba y Goiás, en Brasil. Se consideró como variable el resultado positivo en algunas pruebas rápidas para VIH, sífilis, hepatitis B y C. Se realizaron análisis bivariados y múltiples para identificar una asociación entre estas infecciones y las variables sociodemográficas y de comportamiento. Resultados: todos los participantes eran hombres, la mayoría eran adultos jóvenes con bajo índice de escolaridad. Se estimó una prevalencia de ITS de 4.1% (IC 95%: 3.0-5.5). Según el análisis de regresión múltiple, variables como edad superior a 40 años (OR 5.0; IC 95%: 1.8-14), consumo de alcohol (OR 3.9; IC 95%: 1.3- 11.9) y drogas ilícitas (OR 2.9; IC 95%: 1.3-6.3) fueron factores asociados a las ITS investigadas. Por otro lado, factores como tener alguna religión (OR 0.4; IC 95%: 0.2-0.8) y trabajar en la región Centro-Oeste (OR 0.4; IC 95%: 0.2-0.9) tuvieron una asociación negativa en relación a estas infecciones. Conclusión: se advirtió la presencia de comportamientos de riesgo para ITS entre cortadores de caña de azúcar. La detección de estas infecciones en grupos de trabajadores rurales es esencial para la detección temprana de diagnóstico y para romper la cadena de transmisión.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Risk-Taking , Sexual Behavior , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Saccharum , Farmers/statistics & numerical data
5.
Rev. eletrônica enferm ; 22: 1-9, 2020. tab
Article in English, Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1145228

ABSTRACT

O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a motivação para primeira experiência no uso de drogas e recaídas após abstinência por pessoas com dependência química induzida pelo crack. Estudo descritivo, de abordagem mista. Foram realizadas 600 entrevistas com a utilização de questionário estruturado, na etapa quantitativa, e oito grupos focais, na etapa qualitativa, com total de 39 participantes. Para análise de dados utilizou-se o software SPSS e o método de interpretação de sentidos. A curiosidade motivou a iniciação do uso de drogas, assim como a pressão dos amigos e problemas familiares. Já a dificuldade de ficar sem a droga, vontade de sentir o efeito novamente, pressão de amigos, problemas familiares, decepção pela desconfiança dos familiares e o uso de drogas na própria instituição de tratamento foram relatados como motivadores de recaída. Os dados em ambas as metodologias foram convergentes e ratificaram os resultados obtidos.


The aim of this study was to investigate the motivation for first-time drug use and relapses after abstinence of people with chemical dependency to crack cocaine. A descriptive study, with a mixed approach. In the quantitative phase, six hundred interviews were conducted using a structured questionnaire. In the qualitative phase, eight focus groups were created, with 39 total participants. SPSS software and the sense interpretation method were used to analyze the data. Curiosity, as well as peer pressure and family problems, motivated the initiation of drug use. Difficulty to live without the drug, desire to feel its effect again, peer pressure, family problems, disappointment in lack of trust of family members, and drug use at the rehabilitation institution were reported as relapse motivators. The data in both methodologies were convergent and confirmed the obtained results.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Substance Withdrawal Syndrome , Crack Cocaine , Cocaine-Related Disorders/etiology
6.
Mem. Inst. Oswaldo Cruz ; 114: e180448, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1040617

ABSTRACT

Anthropogenic environmental changes arising from settlement and agriculture include deforestation and replacement of natural vegetation by crops providing opportunities for pathogen spillover from animals to humans. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of rodent-borne virus infections in seven rural settlements from Midwestern Brazil. Of the 466 individuals tested 12 (2.57%) were reactive for orthohantavirus and 3 (0.64%) for mammarenavirus. These rural settlers lived under unfavorable infrastructure, socioeconomic disadvantages, and unsanitary conditions, representing a risk for rodent-borne infections. Development of public policies towards the improvement of health, sanitation and awareness of rodent-borne diseases in improvised camps and settlements is imperative, in order to reduce morbidity and mortality caused by these diseases.


Subject(s)
Humans , Animals , Male , Female , Child, Preschool , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Rodentia/virology , Arenaviridae Infections/epidemiology , Hantavirus Infections/epidemiology , Disease Vectors/classification , Rodentia/classification , Rural Population , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Arenaviridae Infections/diagnosis , Arenaviridae Infections/transmission , Hantavirus Infections/diagnosis , Hantavirus Infections/transmission , Middle Aged , Antibodies, Viral/blood
7.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 64(2): 114-118, Feb. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-896437

ABSTRACT

Summary Objective: To estimate the prevalence and factors associated with illicit drug use by adolescents and young adults of a formal urban settlement. Method: Cross-sectional study including adolescents and young adults 12-24 years of an urban settlement in the Midwest Region of Brazil. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed using Stata, version 12.0. We used Poisson regression model to estimate the factors associated with illicit drug use. Results: Of the total participants (n=105), 27.6% (95CI 20.0-36.9%) had used illicit drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, crack, LSD and inhalants. The consumption of these substances was associated with male gender, use of body piercing and/or tattoos, licit drug use and self-report of signs and/or symptoms of sexually transmitted infections. Conclusion: High prevalence of illicit drug use was found in the individuals investigated, ratifying the presence of risk factors to the vulnerability of the settlers to use these substances in the urban settlement population.


Resumo Objetivo: Estimar a prevalência e fatores associados ao consumo de drogas ilícitas por adolescentes e adultos jovens de um assentamento urbano formal. Método: Estudo de corte transversal conduzido em adolescentes e adultos jovens de 12 a 24 anos de um assentamento urbano da região Centro-oeste do Brasil. Os dados foram coletados por meio de um questionário estruturado e analisados no programa Stata, versão 12.0. Utilizou-se modelo de regressão de Poisson com variância robusta para estimar os fatores associados ao uso de drogas ilícitas. Resultados: Do total de participantes (n = 105), 27,6% (IC95% 20,0-36,9%) reportaram uso de drogas ilícitas, como maconha, cocaína, crack, LSD e inalantes nos últimos 30 dias. O consumo dessas substâncias foi associado a sexo masculino, uso de body piercing e/ou tatuagem, consumo de drogas lícitas (álcool e/ou tabaco) e autorrelato de sinais e/ou sintomas de infecções sexualmente transmissíveis. Conclusão: Verificou-se alta prevalência de consumo de drogas ilícitas nos indivíduos investigados, ratificando a presença de fatores de risco para uso dessas substâncias na população de assentamento urbano.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Illicit Drugs , Substance-Related Disorders/epidemiology , Urban Population/statistics & numerical data , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires , Risk Factors , Vulnerable Populations/statistics & numerical data
9.
Rev. Soc. Bras. Med. Trop ; 50(5): 675-679, Sept.-Oct. 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1041425

ABSTRACT

Abstract INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection and associated factors were investigated in rural settlements in Central Brazil. METHODS: A total of 464 settlers were interviewed, and serum samples were tested for anti-HEV IgG/IgM. Positive samples were tested for HEV RNA. RESULTS: Sixteen participants (3.4%; 95% CI 2.0-5.7) were positive for anti-HEV IgG. None was positive for anti-HEV IgM. HEV RNA was not detected. Dwelling in a rural settlement for >5 years was associated with HEV seropositivity. CONCLUSIONS: The results revealed the absence of acute infection and a low prevalence of previous exposure to HEV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Rural Population/statistics & numerical data , Hepatitis E/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Immunoglobulin G/blood , Immunoglobulin M/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Hepatitis Antibodies/blood , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Hepatitis E/surgery , Sex Distribution , Age Distribution , Middle Aged
10.
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-903235

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus and C virus infections and their genotypes and analyze the risk factors for the markers of exposure to hepatitis B virus in female sex workers in a region of intense sex trade. METHODS This is a cross-sectional study performed with four hundred and two female sex workers in Goiânia, Brazil. Data have been collected using the Respondent-Driven Sampling. The women have been interviewed and tested for markers of hepatitis B and C viruses. Positive samples have been genotyped. The data have been analyzed using the Respondent-Driven Sampling Analysis Tool, version 5.3, and Stata 11.0. RESULTS The adjusted prevalence for hepatitis B virus and C virus were 17.1% (95%CI 11.6-23.4) and 0.7% (95%CI 0.1-1.5), respectively. Only 28% (95%CI 21.1-36.4) of the participants had serological evidence of vaccination against hepatitis B virus. Being older (> 40 years), being single, having a history of blood transfusion and use of cocaine, and ignoring the symptoms of sexually transmitted infections were associated with positivity for hepatitis B virus (p < 0.05). We have detected the subgenotype A1 of hepatitis B virus (n = 3) and the subtypes of hepatitis C virus 1a (n = 3) and 1b (n = 1). CONCLUSIONS We can observe a low prevalence of infection of hepatitis B and C viruses in the studied population. However, the findings of the analysis of the risk factors show the need for more investment in prevention programs for sexual and drug-related behavior, as well as more efforts to vaccinate this population against hepatitis B. The genotypes of the hepatitis B virus and C virus identified are consistent with those circulating in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Young Adult , Hepatitis B virus/genetics , Hepatitis C/epidemiology , Hepacivirus/genetics , Sex Workers/statistics & numerical data , Hepatitis B/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Seroepidemiologic Studies , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Hepatitis C/blood , Genotype , Hepatitis B/blood
11.
Cad. Saúde Pública (Online) ; 33(7): e00109216, 2017. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-889724

ABSTRACT

Data are limited in Brazil on hepatitis B infection among homeless individuals, a marginalized population with high risk of sexually transmissible infections (STI), including hepatitis B. The aim of this study was to investigate hepatitis B epidemiology in homeless persons lodged in a public shelter in Goiânia, Central Brazil. From August 2014 to June 2015, 353 individuals were interviewed and tested for markers of HBV infection. Overall HBV prevalence was 21.8% (95%CI: 17,82-26,41), and 19,5% (95%CI: 15,75-24,0) showed a serological profile of previous HBV vaccination. Older individuals (> 50 years), blacks, and homosexuals or bisexuals showed increased exposure to HBV. The low frequency of individuals immunized against HBV, high social vulnerability, and risk behaviors emphasize the need for health services administrators to provide more opportunities for HBV vaccination in this target population.


No Brasil, existem poucos dados sobre a infecção por hepatite B entre pessoas em situação de rua, uma população marginalizada com alto risco para infecções sexualmente transmissíveis (IST), incluindo a hepatite B. O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a epidemiologia da hepatite B em pessoas alojadas em um abrigo público da cidade de Goiânia, Brasil Central. De agosto de 2014 a junho de 2015, 353 indivíduos foram entrevistados e testados para os marcadores da infecção pelo HBV. Uma prevalência global de 21,8% (IC95%: 17,82-26,41) para HBV foi estimado, e 19,5% (IC95%: 15,75-24,0) apresentaram perfil sorológico de vacinação prévia contra o HBV. Ser mais velho (acima de 50 anos de idade), preto e homossexual ou bissexual foram preditores de exposição ao HBV. A baixa frequência de indivíduos imunizados contra o HBV, bem como de alta vulnerabilidade social e ocorrência de comportamentos de risco reforçam a necessidade dos gestores de saúde proporcionar mais oportunidades de vacinação para esta população-alvo.


En Brasil, existen pocos datos sobre la infección por hepatitis B entre personas sin techo, una población marginalizada con un alto riesgo de infecciones sexualmente transmisibles (IST), incluyendo la hepatitis B. El objetivo de este estudio fue investigar la epidemiología de la hepatitis B en personas alojadas en un albergue público de la ciudad de Goiânia, Brasil Central. De agosto de 2014 a junio de 2015, se entrevistó a 353 individuos y se probaron los marcadores de la infección por HBV. Se estimó una prevalencia global de un 21,8% (IC95%: 17,82-26,41) para HBV, y 19,5% (IC95%: 15,75-24,0) presentaron un perfil serológico de vacunación previa contra el HBV. Ser más viejo (por encima de 50 años de edad), negro y homosexual o bisexual fueron predictores de exposición al HBV. La baja frecuencia de individuos inmunizados contra el HBV, así como la alta vulnerabilidad social y ocurrencia de comportamientos de riesgo refuerzan la necesidad de los gestores de salud de proporcionar más oportunidades de vacunación para esta población-objetivo.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Young Adult , Homeless Persons/statistics & numerical data , Vaccination/statistics & numerical data , Hepatitis B/prevention & control , Hepatitis B/epidemiology , Risk-Taking , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Sex Factors , Hepatitis B virus/isolation & purification , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Age Factors , Hepatitis B Vaccines/administration & dosage , Hepatitis B/etiology , Hepatitis B Antibodies/blood , Middle Aged
12.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 52(3): 200-203, July-Sep. 2015. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-762867

ABSTRACT

BackgroundRural populations present an elevated risk of exposure to hepatitis A virus.ObjectiveThe objective of this study was to estimate the prevalence and risk factors associated with hepatitis A virus infection among residents of rural settlement projects of southwest Goiás, Central Brazil.MethodsA total of 466 residents were interviewed and tested for the detection of anti- hepatitis A virus antibodies by ELISA.ResultsThe global prevalence of anti- hepatitis A virus was 82.2%. In individuals aged 5-9 years and 10-19 years, the prevalence was 15% and 58.8%, respectively. Persons in the 10-19 age group, with a history of life in encampments, with more than five people per residence consuming well water, were predictors for exposure to hepatitis A virus.ConclusionOur results suggest that the hepatitis A virus endemicity in rural settlements in southwest Goiás similar to that found in the urban population of the Midwest Region, confirming the implementation of universal hepatitis A vaccination in children.


ContextoPopulações rurais apresentam um risco elevado de exposição ao vírus da hepatite A.ObjetivoO objetivo deste estudo foi estimar a prevalência e fatores de risco associados à infecção pelo vírus da hepatite A em assentados da região Sudoeste de Goiás, Brasil Central.MétodosUm total de 466 assentados foi entrevistado e testado para detecção de anticorpos anti vírus da hepatite A por ELISA.ResultadosA prevalência global de anti vírus da hepatite A foi de 82,2%. Em indivíduos de 5-9 anos e 10-19 anos, a prevalência foi de 15% e 58,8%, respectivamente. Faixa etária de 10-19 anos, antecedentes de vida em acampamento, mais de cinco pessoas por domicílio e consumir água de poços foram preditores de exposição ao vírus da hepatite.ConclusãoNossos resultados sugerem que a endemicidade do vírus da hepatite em assentamentos rurais do Sudoeste de Goiás é semelhante a encontrada na população urbana da Região Centro-Oeste, ratificando a implementação da vacinação universal contra hepatite A em crianças.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Male , Young Adult , Endemic Diseases , Hepatitis A/epidemiology , Age Distribution , Brazil/epidemiology , Hepatitis A Virus, Human , Hepatitis A/virology , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Rural Population/statistics & numerical data , Surveys and Questionnaires
13.
Rev. latinoam. enferm ; 21(4): 906-912, Jul-Aug/2013. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-682011

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: to investigate knowledge on sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), STD-related risk behaviors, and signs/symptoms of STDs among female sex workers (FSWs). METHODS: a cross-sectional study was conducted with a probabilistic sample comprising 395 women recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method between 2009 and 2010. The data were collected during face-to-face interviews. RESULTS: most of the participants were young adults, had a low educational level, and had poor knowledge on the transmission paths of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Over one-third of the participants were not able to describe the signs/symptoms of STDs. The prevalence rates of vaginal discharge and wounds/ulcers were 49.0% and 8.6%, respectively, but 41.7% of the women had not sought treatment. CONCLUSION: the results indicate the need for public health policies focusing on the control and prevention of STDs in this population, especially for the FSWs who are active in an important prostitution and sex tourism route in central Brazil. .


OBJETIVO: investigar o conhecimento, comportamentos de risco e sinais/sintomas de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis de mulheres profissionais do sexo. MÉTODO: estudo de coorte transversal, de uma amostra probabilística de 395 mulheres, recrutadas pelo método Respondent Driven Sampling, de 2009 a 2010. Os dados foram obtidos por meio de entrevista face a face. RESULTADOS: a maioria era de mulheres adultas jovens, com baixa escolaridade e conhecimento insuficiente sobre formas de transmissão do vírus da imunodeficiência humana. Mais de um terço das mulheres não soube informar os sinais/sintomas das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis. A prevalência de corrimento vaginal e ferida/úlcera foi de 49,0 e 8,6%, respectivamente, sendo que 41,7% dessas não procuraram tratamento. CONCLUSÃO: os resultados evidenciam a necessidade de políticas públicas de saúde voltadas para o controle e prevenção das doenças sexualmente transmissíveis nessa população, especialmente, em mulheres que comercializam sexo em importante rota de prostituição e turismo sexual do Brasil Central. .


OBJETIVO: investigar el conocimiento, conductas de riesgo y signos/síntomas de enfermedades de transmisión sexual de mujeres profesionales del sexo. MÉTODO: estudio transversal con una muestra probabilística compuesta por 395 mujeres reclutadas mediante el método Respondent Driven Sampling entre el 2009 y 2010. Los datos fueron recolectados en entrevistas personales. RESULTADOS: la mayoría de las participantes eran jóvenes adultas, con bajo nivel de educación y poco conocimiento acerca de las formas de transmisión del virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH). Más de un tercio de las participantes no pudo identificar cuáles son los signos/síntomas de las enfermedades de trasmisión sexual. La prevalencia de flujo vaginal y heridas/úlceras genitales fue del 49,0% y 8,6%, respectivamente, siendo que un 47,7% no solicitó tratamiento. CONCLUSIÓN: los resultados indican la necesidad de políticas públicas de salud dirigidas al control y prevención de enfermedades de trasmisión sexual en la población de profesionales del sexo, especialmente en el caso de las mujeres que actúan en una importante ruta de prostitución y turismo sexual en el centro de Brasil. .


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice , Sex Work , Sexually Transmitted Diseases , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk-Taking , Surveys and Questionnaires , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/diagnosis , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/transmission , Vulnerable Populations
14.
Rev. panam. salud pública ; 24(1): 25-30, jul. 2008. mapas, tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: lil-492495

ABSTRACT

OBJETIVO: Avaliar a freqüência de doenças sexualmente transmissíveis (DST) e os fatores de risco a elas associados conforme auto-relato em caminhoneiros de rota longa no Brasil. MÉTODO: De outubro de 2005 a outubro de 2006, foram entrevistados 641 caminhoneiros de rota longa que circulam na BR-153, uma rodovia federal que atravessa o Brasil de sul a norte. Um roteiro estruturado foi usado para a coleta de dados sociodemográficos. Os caminhoneiros responderam ainda a um questionário auto-aplicável sobre comportamentos de risco e antecedentes de DST. Os dados foram ajustados e analisados por regressão logística. RESULTADOS: Dos 641 entrevistados, 620 (96,7 por cento) responderam sobre antecedentes de DST. Desses, 35,6 por cento (IC95 por cento: 31,9 a 39,6) referiram história presente ou passada de DST. A idade superior a 30 anos foi estatisticamente associada ao relato de DST. Ainda, os caminhoneiros que relataram o uso de anfetaminas ("rebite") (razão de chances, OR: 1,7; IC95 por cento: 1,1 a 2,6), antecedentes prisionais (OR: 2,2; IC95 por cento: 1,2 a 4,2) e relacionamento sexual com profissionais do sexo (OR: 1,9; IC95 por cento: 1,3 a 2,8) apresentaram maior chance de relato de DST. CONCLUSÃO: Os resultados deste estudo ratificam a elevada vulnerabilidade dos caminhoneiros brasileiros às DST e evidenciam a importância de programas específicos de prevenção de doenças e promoção da saúde para esse grupo-alvo, que vive em constante deslocamento, sendo eficaz em disseminar as DST.


OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the frequency of sexually transmitted diseases (STD) and associated risk factors based on self-reporting by long-haul truck drivers in Brazil. METHOD: From October 2005-October 2006, 641 long-haul truck drivers that travel federal highway BR-153, traversing the country from south to north, were interviewed. A structured interview was used to collect sociodemographic data. The truck drivers also completed a self-administered questionnaire on risk behaviors and STD history. The data were adjusted and analyzed using logistic regression. RESULTS: Of 641 drivers interviewed, 620 (96.7 percent) provided answers on STD history. Of these, 35.6 percent (95 percent confidence interval (CI) = 31.9-39.6) reported past or current STD. Being 30 years of age or older was statistically associated with having a history of STD. In addition, truck drivers who reported using amphetamines (odds ratio (OR) = 1.7; 95 percentCI = 1.1-2.6), having been incarcerated (OR = 2.2; 95 percentCI = 1.2-4.2), and sexual relations with sex professionals (OR = 1.9; 95 percentCI = 1.3-2.8) had increased odds for having a history of STD. CONCLUSION: These results confirm that Brazilian truck drivers are highly vulnerable to STD and show the importance of prevention programs targeting this specific group, one that is constantly on the move and may efficiently disseminate STD.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Sexually Transmitted Diseases/epidemiology , Brazil , Cross-Sectional Studies , Risk Factors , Risk-Taking
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