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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927961

ABSTRACT

The present study explored the underlying mechanism of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma-Paridis Rhizoma(AR-CR-PR) in the treatment of colorectal cancer(CRC) by network pharmacology and molecular docking and animal tests and verified the core targets based on the orthotopic transplantation model in nude mice. The active components of AR-CR-PR were retrieved from databases such as TCMSP. The targets of drugs and the disease were obtained from PubChem, SwissTargetPrediction, TTD, and DrugBank, and the intersection targets were imported into STRING for the analysis of the protein-protein interaction(PPI). Gene Ontology(GO) and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) analyses were performed through DAVID. AutoDock Vina was used to perform molecular docking and binding ability prediction between the active components and the core targets. The effects of AR-CR-PR on tumor growth, metastasis, and phosphorylation of core target proteins in tumor tissues based on the orthotopic transplantation model in nude mice. As revealed by network pharmacology, AR-CR-PR contained nine core components, such as quercetin, curcumin, and β-ecdysone, and the key targets included protein kinase B(AKT1), mitogen-activated protein kinase 3(MAPK3), MAPK1, and epithelial growth factor receptor(EGFR), which was indicated that the anti-CRC effect of AR-CR-PR was presumedly achieved by regulating tumor cell proliferation, apoptosis, migration, and angiogenesis through PI3 K-AKT, MAPK and other signaling pathways. The results of molecular docking showed that the nine core components had strong binding abilities to AKT1 and MAPK3. The results in vivo showed that AR-CR-PR could reduce the volume of the orthotopic tumor, inhibit liver metastasis, and decrease the phosphorylation of AKT1 and MAPK3 in the CRC model. The mechanism of AR-CR-PR in the intervention of CRC may be related to the activation of PI3 K-AKT and MAPK signaling pathway. This study provides a scientific basis for the clinical application of AR-CR-PR in the treatment of CRC and ideas for modern research on AR-CR-PR.


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Mice , Mice, Nude , Molecular Docking Simulation , Neoplasms , Network Pharmacology , Rhizome
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927924

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma(AR-CR) is a combination commonly used in the clinical treatment of tumors. Based on the T helper 17(Th17)/regulatory T cell(Treg) balance, the present study explored the possible mechanism of AR-CR combined with 5-fluorouracil(5-FU) on the tumor growth of orthotopic xenograft model mice of colorectal carcinoma. Ninety male BALB/c mice were randomly divided into nine groups, i.e., a blank group, a model group, a 5-FU group, high-, medium-, and low-dose AR-CR(2∶1) groups, and high-, medium-, and low-dose AR-CR+5-FU groups, with 10 mice in each group. The orthotopic xenograft model of CT26.WT colorectal carcinoma was induced in mice except those in the blank group. Twenty-four hours after the ope-ration, mice in the blank group and the model group received normal saline by gavage(10 mL·kg~(-1), once per day), and those in the 5-FU group received 5-FU by intraperitoneal injection(25 mg·kg~(-1), once every other day). Mice in the AR-CR groups received AR and CR decoctions by gavage(12, 6, and 3 g·kg~(-1), once a day) and those in the combination groups received AR and CR decoctions and 5-FU(doses and administration methods were the same as above). After intervention for three weeks, all mice were sacrificed and tumor tissues were collected. The tumor mass was weighed and the average tumor weight was calculated. The changing trend of Th17/Treg(%) in the CD4~+T lymphocytes of the spleen tissues of the mice in each group was detected. The mRNA expression in the blood and protein expression in the tumor tissues of transforming growth factor-β(TGF-β), tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α), interferon-γ(IFN-γ), Smad4, N-cadherin, matrix metalloproteinase-7(MMP-7) were detected. The experimental results revealed that compared with the model group, the groups with drug intervention showed reduced tumor mass(P<0.01), decreased CD4~+IL-17~+ in the spleen tissues to varying degrees(P<0.001), and increased proportion of CD4~+Foxp3~+(P<0.001 or P<0.05), indicating that Th17/Treg maintained dynamic balance, and the effect of the combination groups was predominant. Additionally, the mRNA expression in the blood and protein expression in the tumor tissues of TGF-β, TNF-α, IFN-γ, Smad4, N-cadherin, and MMP-7 declined to varying degrees in a dose-dependent manner(P<0.01 or P<0.001). The AR-CR combined with 5-FU can inhibit the tumor growth of orthotopic xenograft model mice of CT26.WT colorectal carcinoma. The mechanism may be related to maintenance of Th17/Treg dynamic balance in the body and down-regulation of TGF-β, TNF-α, IFN-γ, Smad4, N-cadherin, and MMP-7 expression.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colorectal Neoplasms/genetics , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Fluorouracil/pharmacology , Heterografts , Humans , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred BALB C , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , T-Lymphocytes, Regulatory , Th17 Cells
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888038

ABSTRACT

Cerebral ischemia is one of the most common diseases in China, and the drug pair of Chuanxiong Rhizoma and Paeoniae Radix Rubra can intervene in cerebral ischemia to reduce the inflammatory response of cerebral ischemia and apoptosis. To reveal the intervention mechanism of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra drug pair on cerebral ischemia systematically, computer network pharmacology technology was used in this paper to predict the target and signaling pathway of the drug pair on the intervention of cerebral ischemia, and then the molecular docking technology was used to further analyze the mechanism of the intervention. The target results were then verified by the rat cerebral ischemia model. The target network results showed that the active compounds of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra for cerebral ischemic disease contained 30 compounds, 38 targets and 9 pathways. The main compounds included phenolic acids in Chuanxiong Rhizoma and monoterpene glycosides in Paeoniae Radix Rubra. The key targets involved mitogen-activated protein kinase 1(MAPK1), steroid receptor coactivator(SRC), epidermal growth factor receptor(EGFR), mitogen-activated protein kinase 14(MAPK14), caspase-3(CASP3), caspase-7(CASP7), estrogen receptor 1(ESR1), and mitogen-activated protein kinase 8(MAPK8), etc. The target gene functions were biased towards protein kinase activity, protein autophosphorylation, peptidyl-serine phosphorylation and protein serine/threonine kinase activity, etc. The important KEGG pathways involved Ras signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway and VEGF signaling pathway. Molecular docking results showed that catechin, oxypaeoniflorin, albiflorin, paeoniflorin and benzoylpaeoniflorin had strong binding ability with MAPK1, SRC, EGFR, MAPK14 and CASP7. MCAO rat experimental results showed that Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra significantly improved the cerebral ischemia injury and interstitial edema, and significantly reduced the activation of caspase-7 and the phosphorylation of ERK1/2. The Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra drug pair alleviated cerebral ischemia injury through a network model of multi-phenotype intervention by promoting cell proliferation and differentiation, reducing inflammatory factor expression, protecting nerve cells from death and figh-ting against neuronal cell apoptosis, with its action signaling pathway most related to Ras signaling pathway, ErbB signaling pathway and VEGF signaling pathway. This study provides the basis for clinical intervention of Chuanxiong Rhizoma-Paeoniae Radix Rubra drug pair on cerebral ischemia, and also provides ideas for the modernization of drug pairs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Brain Ischemia/genetics , Cerebral Infarction , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Molecular Docking Simulation , Paeonia , Rats , Rhizome
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879187

ABSTRACT

Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma is a classic drug pair mainly used for the treatment of digestive tract-related inflammation and tumors, but the ratio is not fixed in clinical practice. In order to study whether the anti-tumor effect of the drug pair is diffe-rent under different ratios, orthotopic transplantation model of colon cancer was established in mice. Then the principal component analysis(PCA) and cluster analysis(CA) were used to explore the effect of different ratios of the drug pair on the tumor growth and metastasis, and select the optimal ratio of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma for anti-colon cancer effect. After administration for 15 days, the body weight of colon cancer mice with the tumor removed, the tumor volume and the number of liver metastases were mea-sured; the pathological changes of tumor tissue and liver tissue were observed by HE staining. At the same time, Western blot method was used to detect the protein expression level of tumor growth-related indicators in tumor tissue(Ki67, HBP1, AFP) and tumor metastasis-related indicators in liver tissue(β-catenin, E-cadherin, vimentin, p53) of the tumor-bearing mice. Subsequently, PCA and CA were used to select the optimal ratio of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma for anti-colon cancer effect. The experimental results showed that different ratios of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma inhibited tumor growth and metastasis to varying degrees. The ratio at 1∶1 of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma had the best inhibitory effect on tumor growth, and the 2∶1 ratio group had the best effect on inhibiting liver metastasis and improving weighed loss. Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma significantly up-regulated the protein expression of HBP1 in tumor tissue of colon cancer mice, and significantly down-regulated the protein expression of Ki67 and AFP in tumor tissue; meanwhile, Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma significantly up-regulated the protein expression of E-cadherin in liver tissue of colon cancer mice, and significantly reduced the protein expression of β-catenin, vimentin and p53 in liver tissue. PCA results showed that the first three groups in the Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma compatibility group that were closer to the sham operation group were in the order of 2∶1, 1∶1 and 3∶2, among which the center distance of the 2∶1 group was the shortest from the sham operation group, indicating that the ratio 2∶1 of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma had the best intervention effect on colon cancer in mice, consistent with the commonly used clinical proportion. CA results showed that 11 groups of colon cancer mice were classified into 3 categories: Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma compatibility group, sham operation group and model group, which was consistent with the theory. The results of this study provide a basis for more effective clinical application of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma in the treatment of colon cancer, and provide new ideas for the development of classic drug pairs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Astragalus Plant , Colonic Neoplasms/drug therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Mice , Plant Roots , Rhizome
5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905958

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the possible mechanism of Astragali Radix-Curcumae Rhizoma (AC) in inhibiting tumor growth in the orthotopic transplantation model of colon cancer in mice. Method:The molecular docking technology was used to predict the intermolecular interaction between the main active components of AC and the pathway target proteins, such as stromal cell-derived factor-1 (SDF-1), C-X-C motif chemokine receptor 4 (CXCR4), and nuclear factor kappa-B p65 (NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65). The orthotopic transplantation model of CT26.WT colon cancer was established in mice for <italic>in vivo</italic> experimental verification. Sixty BALB/c male mice were randomly divided into a sham operation group, a model group, a 5-fluorouracil (5-Fu, 30 mg·kg<sup>-1</sup>) group,and low- (0.32 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), medium- (0.64 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), and high-dose (1.28 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) AC groups, with 10 mice in each group. The sham operation group and the model group received normal saline by gavage. The corresponding drugs were administered by gavage in the 5-Fu group and by intraperitoneal injection in the AC groups. After intervention for 15 days, the tumor <italic>in situ</italic> was completely stripped, and the colon tissues 5-6 cm in length adjacent to the tumor were taken. The tumor volume was measured and calculated. The pathological changes of tumor tissues and colon tissues were observed by Hematoxylin-Eosin (HE) staining. Western blot was used to detect the protein expression of SDF-1, CXCR4, p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in colon tissues. Western blot and Real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR) were used to detect SDF-1, CXCR4, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65, Cyclin D<sub>1</sub>, oncogene c-Myc protein and mRNA expression in tumor tissues. Result:Compared with the model group, 5-Fu and AC groups showed reduced tumor volumes <italic>in situ</italic> (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01), with the tumor inhibition rate in the 5-Fu group as high as (61.38±2.34)%. The tumor-inhibiting effect was optimal in the medium-dose AC group, with the tumor inhibition rate of (43.43±3.71)%. Compared with the model group, 5-Fu and AC groups showed relieved pathological changes of tumor and colon tissues. Specifically, AC down-regulated the protein expression levels of SDF-1, CXCR4, and p-NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65 in colon tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.01), and down-regulated the protein and mRNA expression levels of SDF-1, CXCR4, NF-<italic>κ</italic>B p65, Cyclin D<sub>1</sub>, and c-Myc in tumor tissues (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:AC can inhibit the growth of orthotopic transplantation tumor of colon cancer, and its intervention mechanism may be related to the regulation of related protein and mRNA expression in the SDF-1/CXCR4/NF-<italic>κ</italic>B signaling pathway.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-817698

ABSTRACT

@#【Objective】 The two databases,GEO(gene expression omnibus,GEO)and TCGA(the cancer genome alas ,TCGA),were analyzed using bioinformatics methods to screen differentially expressed genes associated and their related regulatory networks in prostate carcinoma. 【Methods】 The prostate carcinoma gene expression chip data (GSE46602 ,GSE55945) downloaded from the GEO database were integrated into the RNA- seq data of the TCGA database. And the differentially expressed genes analysis was performed using GEO2R and the edgeR package of R software to extract common significant differentially expressed genes. The clusterProfiler package of R software was used to enrich the GO(gene ontology ,GO)function enrichment analysis and KEGG(kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes, KEGG)pathway analysis. Differentially expressed genes were further constructed into a protein-protein interaction(PPI) network to screen out key genes for regulatory protein expression in prostate carcinoma. Gene analysis results were combined with TCGA clinical follow-up data to analyze the clinical prognostic value of key node genes. 【Results】A total of 278 significant differentially expressed genes were extracted,of which 178 genes were down- regulated and 100 genes were up-regulated. These genes were closely associated with the function and pathway enrichment such as the regulation of proliferation of epithelial cells,metabolism of benzene- containing compounds,the glutathione metabolism,and focal adhesion. The protein-protein interaction network analysis revealed three key protein expression modules and 12 key node genes. Among these key genes,EDN3(endothelin-3),EDNRB(endothelin receptor B)and AMACR(alpha-methylacyl- coa racemase)were closely related to the survival rate of prostate cancer patients. 【Conclusion】Through bioinformatics analysis of gene chip and RNA-seq data in prostate carcinoma,we found that EDN3,EDNRB and AMACR may play an important role in the occurrence and development of prostate carcinoma.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790136

ABSTRACT

Objective :To explore the feasibility and clinical value of real time three‐dimensional transesophageal echo‐cardiography (RT‐3D TEE) in diagnosis of congenital heart valvular disease (CHVD).Methods :A total of 135 CH‐VD patients treated in our hospital were selected .All patients received surgery ,and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) and RT‐3D TEE inspection successively within 7d before surgery .Heart valve lesion condition was observed , and diagnostic results of two methods and surgical outcome were compared and analyzed .Results :RT‐3D TEE could display the morphological structure ,lesion degree and peripheral blood flow of heart valves in CHVD patients in a multi‐angle ,stereoscopic and clear way .It could find heart valve disease which is difficult to be identified by TTE , and corrected the diagnostic deviation .With surgical results as the gold standard ,diagnostic coincidence rate of RT‐3D TEE was significantly higher than that of TTE (97. 04% vs.91. 11%, P=0.039).CHVD diagnosed by RT‐3D TEE and TTE possessed a intermediate consistency (Kappa=0.477 , P=0. 001).Conclusion :RT‐3D TEE can pro‐vide more imaging information for the diagnosis of CHVD ,which can be used as an effective supplement for preop‐erative TTE examination .

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802286

ABSTRACT

Objective:The network pharmacology method was used to predict targets and signaling pathways of the drug pair Astragali Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma in treating colorectal cancer,in order to analyze the effective material basis and action mechanism. Method:Disease targets for colorectal cancer were collected through Therapetutic Target Database(TTD)and Drugbank database. Components of Astragali Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma were obtained from the Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database, and the Analysis Platform (TCMSP). ChemMapper and PharmMapper database were used to predict the disease targets of effective components. The "compound-disease targets" network model was established by Cytoscape software. The function analysis of gene ontology(GO)and the enrichment analysis of Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes(KEGG)were carried out with ClueGO plug-in. Result:The network contained 56 compounds and 54 targets. The crucial targets included 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase catalytic subunit alpha1(PRKAA1), prostaglandin G/H synthase 1(PTGS1), prostaglandin G/H synthase 2(PTGS2), Thymidylate synthase(TYMS), Carboxylesterase 1(CES1), vascular endothelial growth factor B(VEGFB), vascular endothelial growth factor A(VEGFA), glutathione S-transferase P(GSTP1), and serine hydroxymethyltransferase 1(glyA). Function about target genes inclined to peptide-tyrosine phosphorylation, extracellular regulated protein kinase(ERK)1 and ERK2 signal series, negative regulation of endothelial cell apoptosis process, et al. Important KEGG Pathways involved pathways in cancer, Ras signaling pathways, Rap1 signaling pathways, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signaling pathways. Conclusion:The anti-colorectal cancer activities of Astragali Radix and Curcumae Rhizoma were mainly affected by inhibiting cell proliferation and differentiation, promoting tumor cell apoptosis, resisting tumor angiogenesis, and enhancing immunity as phenotype intervention mode in network. The active signaling pathway is most related to Ras signaling pathway, Rap1 signaling pathway and PI3K/Akt signaling pathway.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775127

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the composition of gut microbiota and its correlation with the severity of behavior symptoms in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD).@*METHODS@#A total of 30 children with ASD were enrolled as the ASD group, and 20 healthy children matched for age and sex were enrolled as the healthy control group. Related clinical data were analyzed. The V3-V4 hypervariable regions of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene in fecal samples were sequenced. The severity of behavior symptoms in children with ASD was assessed using the autism behavior checklist. The Spearman's correlation analysis was used to investigate the correlation between gut microbiota and the severity of behavior symptoms in children with ASD.@*RESULTS@#There was a significant difference in the composition of gut microbiota between the two groups. Compared with the healthy control group, the ASD group had significant reductions in Shannon index and Shannoneven index (P<0.05), as well as a significant reduction in the percentage of Firmicutes and a significant increase in the percentage of Acidobacteria in feces (P<0.05). In the ASD group, the dominant bacteria were Megamonas, Megasphaera, and Barnesiella, while in the healthy control group, the dominant bacteria were Eubacterium_rectale_group, Ezakiella, and Streptococcus. In the children with ASD, the abundance of Megamonas was positively correlated with the scores of health/physical/behavior and language communication (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSIONS@#The development of ASD and the severity of behavior symptoms are closely associated with the composition of gut microbiota.


Subject(s)
Autism Spectrum Disorder , Bacteria , Child , Feces , Gastrointestinal Microbiome , Humans , RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687335

ABSTRACT

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is a chronic nonspecific inflammation mainly involving rectum and colon mucosa, which seriously affects the health and quality of life of patients, and is listed as one of modern refractory diseases by WHO. Professor XU Jing-fan, a great master of traditional Chinese medicine, has accumulated rich experiences in the treatment of UC. The study collected Professor XU's 77 prescriptions of treating UC, analyzed the frequency of traditional Chinese medicines and there categories, and investigated the medication regularity by the system clustering method. The findings showed that the most frequently used drugs were clearing-heat herbs, which were followed by hemostatic herbs, excreting-dampness herbs, improving-digestion herbs and tonifying-Qi herbs. At the same time, the commonly combined drugs were excavated. Finally, in order to analyze potential molecular targets of the frequently used herbs, GO enrichment analysis and KEGG signal pathway enrichment analysis were performed with bioinformatics analysis tool for molecular mechanism of traditional Chinese medicine (BATMAN-TCM). The results indicated that Chinese herbal compounds may treat UC by activating PPAR-γ pathway and regulating intestinal inflammation. The exact mechanisms shall be verified through subsequent molecular biological experiments.

11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129231

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of metformin on human esophageal cancer cell and to investigate its possible mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability was detected by using a Cell Counting Kit-8, while cell cycle and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry and western blot was used to measure the expression of the related proteins. RNAi was used to knockout pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme 2 (PKM2). An Eca109 tumor model was established to evaluate the antitumor effect in vivo. Immunohistochemistry was determined based on the expression of PKM2 and Bim in tumor tissues. Tunnel was used to assess tumor cell apoptosis. RESULTS: Esophageal cancer cells viability was reduced after metformin treatment. The cell cycle was arrested in the G0/G1 phase, apoptosis was induced, caspase 3 was activated, caspase 9 was downregulated, and the pro-apoptotic protein Bim increased. Further study revealed that metformin could suppress the expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor and its downstream proteins, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT/PKB), phosphorylation of AKT (pAKT), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p70S6K, and PKM2. Insulin-like growth factor 1 partly reversed metfromin-induced apoptosis and attenuated the repression effect of metfomin to PI3K, pAKT, and PKM2. Knockout PKM2 resulted in the activation of caspase 3, down-regulation of caspase 9, and increased expression of Bim. In the Eca109 xenograft model, metformin significantly reduced tumor growth. Furthermore, we found that metformin treatment increased the rate of apoptosis, down-regulation of PKM2, and up-regulation of Bim in tumor tissues. CONCLUSION: Metformin restrained esophageal cancer cell proliferation partly by suppressing the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Cell Count , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Down-Regulation , Esophageal Neoplasms , Flow Cytometry , Heterografts , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Metformin , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Pyruvate Kinase , Repression, Psychology , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , RNA Interference , Sirolimus , Up-Regulation
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-129218

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to observe the effects of metformin on human esophageal cancer cell and to investigate its possible mechanisms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cell viability was detected by using a Cell Counting Kit-8, while cell cycle and apoptosis were assessed by flow cytometry and western blot was used to measure the expression of the related proteins. RNAi was used to knockout pyruvate kinase muscle isozyme 2 (PKM2). An Eca109 tumor model was established to evaluate the antitumor effect in vivo. Immunohistochemistry was determined based on the expression of PKM2 and Bim in tumor tissues. Tunnel was used to assess tumor cell apoptosis. RESULTS: Esophageal cancer cells viability was reduced after metformin treatment. The cell cycle was arrested in the G0/G1 phase, apoptosis was induced, caspase 3 was activated, caspase 9 was downregulated, and the pro-apoptotic protein Bim increased. Further study revealed that metformin could suppress the expression of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor and its downstream proteins, phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), protein kinase B (AKT/PKB), phosphorylation of AKT (pAKT), mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR), p70S6K, and PKM2. Insulin-like growth factor 1 partly reversed metfromin-induced apoptosis and attenuated the repression effect of metfomin to PI3K, pAKT, and PKM2. Knockout PKM2 resulted in the activation of caspase 3, down-regulation of caspase 9, and increased expression of Bim. In the Eca109 xenograft model, metformin significantly reduced tumor growth. Furthermore, we found that metformin treatment increased the rate of apoptosis, down-regulation of PKM2, and up-regulation of Bim in tumor tissues. CONCLUSION: Metformin restrained esophageal cancer cell proliferation partly by suppressing the PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Blotting, Western , Caspase 3 , Caspase 9 , Cell Count , Cell Cycle , Cell Proliferation , Cell Survival , Down-Regulation , Esophageal Neoplasms , Flow Cytometry , Heterografts , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , In Vitro Techniques , Metformin , Phosphorylation , Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt , Pyruvate Kinase , Repression, Psychology , Ribosomal Protein S6 Kinases, 70-kDa , RNA Interference , Sirolimus , Up-Regulation
13.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 355-356, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513692

ABSTRACT

Objective The cyst excision is considered as priority management of the female paraurethral cyst.The purpose of this present study was to explore the feasibility and safety of the two-step excision with treatment for the female paraurethral cyst.Methods Twenty eight consecutive women with paraurethral cyst underwent paraurethral cyst removal were enrolled retrospectively in this study from October 1,2005 to August 12,2008 in Urology Department of West China Hospital.Results All cases were followedup from 6 months to 2 years,no recurrence occurred.No complications such as urethral stricture and urethralvaginal fistula were found.Conclusions The 2-step excision is the reference technique for cure of female paraurethral cyst.Urethra injury was avoided efficiently,because anatomical relationship between cyst and urethra could be clearer when the technique of 2-step excision was applied.

14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-500100

ABSTRACT

Objective To research the efficacy of different dose botulinum toxin A in the treatment of patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity due to spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis.Methods The datas of 43 patients with neurogenic detrusor overactivity caused by spinal cord injury or multiple sclerosis which accepted treatment in our hostipal were analyzed.And 38 patients were followed up for 12 weeks,of which 20 cases were treated with 200 U botulinum toxin A,and 18 cases received 100 U botulinum toxin A.The average age of 38 patients was 45.3 years old,and the ratio of famale was higher.The incontinence quality of life(I-QOL)changed from baselin after 6 weeks and 12 weeks was recorded.Resluts The final outcomes showed that the efficacy of botulinum toxin A with 200U was better than that with 100 U according to I-QOL score,and the difference was statistical significance(P <0.05).Conclusion The botulinum toxin A has positive effect on neurogenic detrusor overactivity,and the efficacy of 200 U injection is better than that of 100 U.

15.
Acta Physiologica Sinica ; (6): 393-400, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255934

ABSTRACT

The changes of serum cyclophilin A (CyPA), its receptor CD147 and the downstream signaling pathway during the process of cardiac hypertrophy remain unknown. The present study aims to investigate the relationships between CyPA-CD147-ERK1/2-cyclin D2 signaling pathway and the development of cardiac hypertrophy. Left ventricular hypertrophy was prepared by 2-kidney, 2-clip in Sprague-Dawley rats and observed for 1 week, 4 and 8 weeks. Left ventricular hypertrophy was evaluated by ratio of left ventricular heart weight to body weight (LVW/BW) and cardiomyocyte cross sectional area (CSA). CyPA levels in serum were determined with a rat CyPA ELISA kit. Expressions of CyPA, CD147, phospho-ERK1/2 and cyclin D2 in left ventricular myocytes were determined by Western blot and immunostaining. Compared with sham groups, systolic blood pressure reached hypertensive levels at 4 weeks in 2K2C groups. LVW/BW and CSA in 2K2C groups were significantly increased at 4 and 8 weeks after clipping. ELISA results indicated a prominent increase in serum CyPA level associated with the degree of left ventricular hypertrophy. Western blot revealed that the expressions of CyPA, CD147, phospho-ERK1/2 and cyclin D2 in left ventricular tissues were also remarkably increased as the cardiac hypertrophy developed. The results of the present study demonstrates that serum CyPA and CyPA-CD147-ERK1/2-cyclin D2 signaling pathway in ventricular tissues are time-dependently upregulated and activated with the process of left ventricular hypertrophy. These data suggest that CyPA-CD147 signaling cascade might play a role in the pathogenesis of left ventricular hypertrophy, and CyPA might be a prognosticator of the degree of left ventricular hypertrophy.


Subject(s)
Animals , Basigin , Metabolism , Blood Pressure , Cyclin D2 , Cyclophilin A , Metabolism , Hypertension , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 1 , Metabolism , Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 3 , Metabolism , Myocytes, Cardiac , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Signal Transduction , Up-Regulation
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330339

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the effect of medicines for activating blood and reinforcing Qi on the number of new micro-vessels and the protein expressions of VEGF and bFGF in the infarcted myocardium edge area of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) model in rats.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The AMI model of rats was established. After the successful model establishment, rats were randomly divided into the sham-operated group, the model group, the Danshen-Huangqi (1 : 2) group, the Danshen-Huangqi (1 : 1) group, the Chuanxiong-Huangqi (1 : 2) group, the Danshen group, the Chuanxiong group, the Chishao group and the Shexiang Baoxin pill group, with five rats in each group. Rats in each medicated group were orally administered with drugs as per 13.5 g x kg(-1) x d(-1) once everyday for three weeks. The immunohistochemical SP method was adopted to detect the expression of vWF in myocardial tissues, and count the number of micro-vessels (MVC). The protein expression of VEGF and bFGF in myocardial tissues were determined by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The new micro-vessels stained by vWF factor could be found in the infarcted myocardium edge area of the sham-operated group, the model group and all of medicated groups. The sham-operated group show unobvious new micro-vessels in myocardial tissues. A small amount of new micro-vessels could be seen in the infarcted myocardium edge area of the model group. Whereas a larger number of micro-vessels could be seen in the infarcted myocardium edge area of all of medicated groups. The differences between the sham-operated group and the model group had statistical significance (P < 0.05). The differences between each medicated group and the model group had statistical significance as well (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). The lowest protein expression of VEGF and bFGF was found in myocardium of the sham-operated group, with the statistical significance compared with the model group (P < 0.05). Compared with the model group, each medicated group showed significant increase in the protein expression of VEGF and bFGF, with the statistical significance between them (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01).</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The Danshen group, the Chuanxiong group, the Chishao group, the Danshen-Huangqi (1 : 2) group, the Danshen-Huangqi (1 : 1) group and the Chuanxiong-Huangqi (1 : 2) group show the effect in promoting angiogenesis. Their mechanism for promoting angiogenesis may be related to the improvement of the protein expressions of VEGF and bFGF, so as to increase the contents of VEGF and bFGF and promote the angiogenesis of new vessels.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Fibroblast Growth Factor 2 , Genetics , Metabolism , Humans , Male , Microcirculation , Microvessels , Myocardial Infarction , Drug Therapy , Neovascularization, Pathologic , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Metabolism , Qi , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A , Genetics , Metabolism
17.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1076-1081, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-269296

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Molecular testing is more precise compared to serology and has been widely used in genotyping blood group antigens. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of blood group antigens can be determined by the polymerase chain reaction with sequence specific priming (PCR-SSP) assay. Commercial high-throughput platforms can be expensive and are not approved in China. The genotype frequencies of Kidd, Kell, Duffy, Scianna, and RhCE blood group antigens in Jiangsu province were unknown. The aim of this study is sought to detect the genotype frequencies of Kidd, Kell, Duffy, Scianna, and RhCE antigens in Jiangsu Chinese Han using molecular methods with laboratory developed tests.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>DNA was extracted from EDTA-anticoagulated blood samples of 146 voluntary blood donors collected randomly within one month. Standard serologic assay for red blood cell antigens were also performed except the Scianna blood group antigens. PCR-SSP was designed to work under one PCR program to identify the following SNPs: JK1/JK2, KEL1/KEL2, FYA/FYB, SC1/SC2, C/c and E/e.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Serologic antigen results were identical to the phenotypes that were predicted from genotyping results. The allele frequencies for Jk*01 and Jk*02 were 0.51 and 0.49, respectively; for Fy*A and Fy*B 0.94 and 0.06; for RHCE*C and RHCE*c 0.68 and 0.32; and for RHCE*E and RHCE*e 0.28 and 0.72. Among 146 blood donors, all were KEL*02/KEL*02 and SC*01/SC*01, indicating allele frequencies for KEL*02 and SC*01 close to 1.00.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>The use of PCR-SSP working under the same condition for testing multiple antigens at the same time is practical. This approach can be effective and cost-efficient for small-scale laboratories and in developing counties. These molecular tests can be also used for identifying rare blood types.</p>


Subject(s)
Blood Group Antigens , Genetics , Butyrophilins , China , Ethnology , Duffy Blood-Group System , Genetics , Gene Frequency , Genotype , Humans , Kell Blood-Group System , Genetics , Kidd Blood-Group System , Genetics , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Rh-Hr Blood-Group System , Genetics
18.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 156-160, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-261838

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the immunohistochemical expression of isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 gene (IDH1) R132H in glioma and its diagnostic utility.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Immunohistochemical study of IDH1R132H expression was performed on formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissue samples of 75 gliomas, including 33 cases of grade II, 20 cases of grade III and 22 cases of grade IV tumors. Six cases of pilocytic astrocytoma and 12 cases of gliosis were used as controls.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Nineteen in 33 cases of grade II (57.6%), 8 in 20 cases of grade III (40.0%), 6 in 22 cases of grade IV (27.3%) showed positive cytoplasmic staining of IDH1R132H. Scattered invasive glioma cells at the tumor periphery also expressed IDH1R132H. Gliomas involving the frontal lobe showed more strong IDH1R132H staining. In contrast, none of the pilocytic astrocytomas and gliosis showed IDH1R132H staining. Moreover, the rate of p53 immunopositivities were 42.4% (14/33) in grade II, 65.0% (13/20) in grade III and 77.3% (17/22) in grade IV gliomas. There were no statistic correlations between expression of IDH1R132H and p53.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>IDH1R132H tends to express preferentially in low-grade gliomas, and it thus may serve as a valuable marker in distinguishing low grade gliomas from gliosis.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Astrocytoma , Metabolism , Pathology , Brain Neoplasms , Metabolism , Pathology , Child , Diagnosis, Differential , Female , Glioma , Metabolism , Pathology , Gliosis , Metabolism , Pathology , Humans , Isocitrate Dehydrogenase , Genetics , Metabolism , Male , Middle Aged , Mutation , Tumor Suppressor Protein p53 , Metabolism , Young Adult
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-244948

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the distribution of 10 rare red blood groups in Chinese Nanjing population, so as to provide compatible rare blood to patients and to create a donor data bank. Jk (a-b-) (Kidd) phenotypes were detected by urea, while H-(H), GPA-(MNS), GPC-(Gerbich), i+ (Ii) and Lub-(Lutheran) phenotypes were detected by monoclonal, polyclonal antibodies with U type 96 well microplate technology. The screening of Jsb- and k-(Kell), Fya-(Duffy), Ok-(Ok), s-(MNS) and Dib-(Digeo) phenotypes were performed by polymerase chain reaction. The results showed that 2 Jk (a-b-) out of 40337 donation samples and 3 Fy (a-b+) out of 1782 donation samples were found, while no other rare blood phenotypes (H-, GPA-, GPC-, Lub-, Ok-, s-, Jsb-, k-, Dib- and i+) were detected. It is concluded that the frequencies of Jk (a-b-) and Fya(a-b+) are 0.0049% and 0.168% respectively. No more rare blood phenotype was found in this screening.


Subject(s)
Asians , Genetics , Blood Group Antigens , Classification , Genetics , Blood Grouping and Crossmatching , Erythrocytes , Cell Biology , Humans , Phenotype
20.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 599-603, 2011.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-358287

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To study the clinicalpathologic features of intracranial multiple lesions.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>The clinical, radiologic and pathologic features of intracranial multiple lesions in 62 cases during the period from 2005 to 2009 in Xuanwu Hospital were retrospectively reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>There were 32 males and 30 females in 62 cases. The mean age of seize onset and duration of disease were 37.4-year-old and 11.6 months, respectively. The lesions could affect cerebral hemisphere, basal ganglia, brain stem, cerebellum and other parts, most lesions were located above the tentorium. Pathological diagnosis as follows: 13 patients with glioma; metastatic tumors in 13 cases; 12 cases of central nervous system infection; immune-mediated inflammatory demyelinating disease in 8 cases; 5 cases of primary lymphoma of central nervous system; primary angiitis of the central nervous system 3 cases; mitochondrial encephalopathy 2 cases; vein thrombosis in 2 cases; Rosai-Dorfman disease in 2 cases; 2 case of radiation encephalopathy. Among them, mitochondrial encephalopathy and vein thrombosis lesions located in the cortex; metastatic tumor and blood-borne infection mainly involving junction of grey and white matter; glioma, radiation encephalopathy and demyelinating disease include white matter lesions; vascular inflammation showed cortical and subcortical white matter lesions.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>A variety of tumor and non-neoplastic diseases can be expressed in intracranial multiple lesions, which gliomas, metastatic tumor and central nervous system infections are more common. In order to improve the diagnosis of intracranial multiple lesions, active work in the brian biopsy, study the clinical, imaging and pathological findings must be closely.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Brain Neoplasms , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Child , Demyelinating Diseases , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Female , Glioma , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Histiocytosis, Sinus , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Male , Middle Aged , Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Retrospective Studies , Toxoplasmosis, Cerebral , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Tuberculosis, Central Nervous System , Diagnosis , Pathology , General Surgery , Young Adult
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