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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887997

ABSTRACT

High fat diet induced hyperlipidemia hamster model was used to explore the anti-hyperlipidemia effect of water extract of Moringa oleifera leaves( WEMOL). On this basis,the possible action mechanism was predicted by network pharmacology. Golden hamsters were randomly divided into normal diet group( NFD),high-fat diet group( HFD),simvastatin group,high dose group of WEMOL( HIWEMOL) and low dose group of WEMOL( LOWEMOL). The model was administered simultaneously for 66 days,during which the body weight changes of hamsters were recorded. At the end of the experiment,serum lipid level and serum transaminase level of golden hamsters in each group were detected,and the pathological changes of liver were observed by hematoxylin-eosin( HE) staining. The results showed that WEMOL could significantly decrease the serum total cholesterol( TC),total triglyceride( TG),low density lipoprotein cholesterol( LDL-c) levels,and reduce the lipid deposition in liver tissue,thus improving the hyperlipidemia of golden hamsters. According to the prediction of network pharmacology,219 targets of potential active components of M.oleifera leaves and 185 targets of water-soluble potential active components of M. oleifera leaves for the treatment of hyperlipidemia were obtained separately. The MCODE analysis was performed on the PPI network of 219 targets and 185 targets obtained above and got five and four clusters respectively. The signaling pathway analysis of clusters showed that among the common pathways,nonalcoholic fatty liver,insulin resistance,MAPK signaling pathway,estrogen signaling pathway,cell apoptosis and HIF-1 signaling pathway were associated with hyperlipidemia. In addition,the potential active components of M. oleifera leaves could also inhibit the metabolic inflammation of hyperlipidemia by modulating complement and coagulation cascades signaling pathway,and GSK3 B,F2,AKT1,RELA,SERPINE1 might be the key targets. The water-soluble potential active components of M. oliefera leaves could modulate lipid metabolism by modulating AMPK signaling pathway and JAK-STAT signaling pathway,with PIK3 CB,PIK3 CA,CASP3,AKT1 and BCL2 as the key targets. These results suggested that WEMOL had anti hyperlipidemia effect,and its mechanism might be related to the protein expression regulation of lipid metabolism,nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and atherosclerosis related signaling pathways.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cricetinae , Diet, High-Fat , Glycogen Synthase Kinase 3 , Hyperlipidemias/drug therapy , Liver , Moringa oleifera , Plant Leaves
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887996

ABSTRACT

Chinese materia medica( CMM) serves as an important cornerstone for the development of traditional Chinese medicine( TCM) culture and industry due to its unique ecological,medical,economic,scientific and technological,and cultural values. The supply shortage and unstable quality of some CMM resources have hindered the development of TCM. Ensuring the sustainable use of CMM resources has become essential for the development of TCM in China. Enriching CMM resources is the key to ensuring the sustainable utilization of TCM resources in China,which can be achieved via expanding the medicinal parts,developing the substitutes,seeking for analogues,exploring the ethnic and folk medicines,or introducing foreign medicinal materials. CMM efficacy or function positioning plays a very important role in the transformation of new CMM resources. The strategies and methods for efficacy or function positioning of new CMM resources,including analogy,plant genetic relationship exploration,medicinal property deduction,ethnobotanical investigation,text mining,network pharmacology,and structure-activity relationship exploration,were systematically proposed in this study based on CMM theory,textual research,and modern methodologies. This paper is expected to provide a theoretical reference for the continuous enrichment and development of CMM resources and the high-quality development of TCM culture and industry.


Subject(s)
China , Data Mining , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Humans , Materia Medica , Medicine, Chinese Traditional
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878950

ABSTRACT

The network pharmacology and molecular docking methods were used to explore the mechanism of Jinweitai Capsules in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. The chemical components of herbs in Jinweitai Capsules were collected through TCMSP, CNKI and PubMed. Target prediction was performed through PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases; genes relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, chronic colitis were collected from OMIM database; potential targets of Jinweitai Capsules for relevant gastrointestinal diseases were obtained by Venny analysis; DAVID database was used to perform GO and KEGG enrichment analysis; protein interactions were obtained by STRING database and visua-lized by Cytoscape; AutoDockVina was used for molecular docking of AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse-selected chemical components. Potential mechanisms of Jinweitai Capsules in treating relevant gastrointestinal diseases were clarified according to the results of the docking. The results showed 86 potential active ingredients of Jinweitai Capsules and 268 potential targets for treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis. KEGG pathway enrichment analysis showed that 20 pathways relating to acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis mainly involved calcium signaling pathway and chemokine signaling pathway. Molecular docking showed a good binding activity between AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and its reverse screening chemical components. Jinweitai Capsules may exert an effect in the treatment of acute and chronic gastritis, gastric and duodenal ulcers, and chronic colitis by acting on AKT1, EGFR, PTPN11 and other targets in 15 signal pathways relating to cell inflammation and immunity, cell proliferation and apoptosis, Helicobacter pylori infection, and gastrointestinal tract.


Subject(s)
Capsules , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Gastrointestinal Diseases/drug therapy , Helicobacter Infections , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Medicine , Molecular Docking Simulation
4.
Tianjin Medical Journal ; (12): 595-599,封2, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-698074

ABSTRACT

Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS), also known as hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), is a life-threatening condition of severe hyperinflammation caused by the uncontrolled proliferation of activated lymphocytes and histiocytic secreting high amounts of inflammatory cytokines. This article describes a case of refractory hemophagocytic syndrome combined with multiple organ failure. Through the review of medical history and treatment process, analysis of rescue occasion and details, and the practice on the concept of salvage therapy, our purpose is to discuss the strategy and experience that we have gained from rescuing severe refractory hemophagocytic syndrome in ICU. The key to the success rescue of this case is that we not only have carried out timely and effective early stage of initial treatment and salvage treatment, but also have had real-time monitoring and timely and effective treatment in ICU. Based on the effective infection control and comprehensive organ support, the phased treatment results of patients with HPS can be significantly improved, which provides possibility for HPS patients'survival.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771542

ABSTRACT

The genus Orobanche, Cistanche and Boschniakia are taxonomically classified as members of Orobanchaceae. The medicinal plants of these three genera are closely related, and their traditional curative effects are similar. As representative compounds, phenethyl glycosides are predominantly dominant type both in amount and in chemical structural varieties, which are considered to be the important bioactive material basis of these genera. In this paper, phenethyl glycosides and their pharmacological activities are described in a single list. In addition, the other compounds were also reviewed in order to better compare the difference of the bioactive substances. These findings have important reference value for effective development and rational utilization of resources of medicinal plants in the family Orobanchaceae.


Subject(s)
Cistanche , Glycosides , Orobanchaceae , Orobanche , Plants, Medicinal
6.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1276-1282, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-330629

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Approximately 15-20% cases of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are diagnosed in children. There have been a few studies reporting the epidemiological data of pediatric-onset SLE (cSLE) in China, neither comparing the differences between cSLE and adult-onset SLE (aSLE). The aim of this study was to describe the impact of age of onset on clinical features and survival in cSLE patients in China based on the Chinese SLE Treatment and Research group (CSTAR) database.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We made a prospective study of 225 cSLE patients (aged Results: The mean age of cSLE patients was 12.16 ± 2.92 years, with 187 (83.1%) females. Fever (P < 0.001) as well as mucocutaneous (P < 0.001) and renal (P = 0.006) disorders were found to be significantly more frequent in cSLE patients as initial symptoms, while muscle and joint lesions were significantly less common compared to aSLE subjects (P < 0.001). The cSLE patients were found to present more frequently with malar rash (P = 0.001; odds ratio [OR], 0.624; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.470-0.829) but less frequently with arthritis (P < 0.001; OR, 2.013; 95% CI, 1.512-2.679) and serositis (P = 0.030; OR, 1.629; 95% CI, 1.053-2.520). There was no significant difference in SLE disease activity index scores between cSLE and aSLE groups (P = 0.478). Cox regression indicated that childhood onset was the risk factor for organ damage in lupus patients (hazard ratio 0.335 [0.170-0.658], P = 0.001). The survival curves between the cSLE and aSLE groups had no significant difference as determined by the log-rank test (0.557, P = 0.455).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>cSLE in China has different clinical features and more inflammation than aSLE patients. Damage may be less in children and there is no difference in 5- year survival between cSLE and aSLE groups.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Age Factors , Age of Onset , Child , China , Epidemiology , Female , Humans , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Epidemiology , Mortality , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Odds Ratio , Proportional Hazards Models , Prospective Studies , Registries , Severity of Illness Index , Young Adult
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-279258

ABSTRACT

Orobanche caerulescens is an important medicinal resource in Orobanchaceae. The present study aims to establish methods for determination of acteoside, crenatoside, and total phenylethanoid glycosides in O. caerulescens, and determine the content in 15 samples to evaluate the resource utilization of this medicinal plant. The content of acteoside and crenatoside were quantitatively determined by HPLC, while total phenylpropanoid glycosides was estimated by UV-VIS spectrophotometry. According to the results, the content of acteoside was the highest in O. caerulescens, followed by crenatoside. The contents of acteoside, crenatoside, and total phenylethanoid glycosides were between 1.15% - 15.60%, 0.83% - 4.47%, and 6.78% - 27.43%, respectively, which had significant differences. The acquisition time has great influence on the content of main components of O. caerulescens. The content of phenylethanoid glycosides is higher in the samples which were collected at the flowering stage. The two determination methods were proved to be simple, accurate and reliable, and can be used to evaluate the quality and resource utilization of O. caerulescens.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Methods , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Glycosides , Orobanche , Chemistry
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-241449

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the clinical efficacy of mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) in the treatment of systemic-onset juvenile idiopathic arthritis (SoJIA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty-five patients with a confirmed diagnosis of SoJIA who had received initial treatment were randomly divided into control (n=15), MMF1 (n=7) and MMF2 groups (n=13). The control group received conventional treatment, the MMF1 group received MMF after 2 weeks of conventional treatment that had not led to remission, and the MMF2 group received combination therapy with non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, prednisone and MMF. Symptoms, signs, laboratory indices, and adverse events were observed after 2, 4, and 12 weeks of treatment, and follow-up was performed for 3-6 months.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Before treatment, the MMF2 group had a significantly longer disease course than the control group (P<0.05). After 2 weeks of treatment, the MMF1 and MMF2 groups had a significantly lower prednisone dose and erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) than the control group (P<0.05). The MMF1 group had significantly higher body temperature than the other two groups (P<0.05). After 4 weeks of treatment, the MMF1 group had a significantly lower prednisone dose and ESR than the control group (P<0.05). The MMF2 group had a significantly lower prednisone dose, body temperature (recovery to normal), white blood cell count, ESR and serum ferritin concentration than the control group (P<0.05). Body temperature was significantly lower in the MMF2 group than in the MMF1 group (P<0.05). No adverse events were observed in either the MMF1 or MMF2 groups during treatment.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Combination therapy with MMF can lead to better control of the patient's condition, more rapid relief of clinical symptoms and reduced glucocorticoid dose. The therapy with MMF is safe in children.</p>


Subject(s)
Arthritis, Juvenile , Blood , Drug Therapy , Blood Sedimentation , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Immunosuppressive Agents , Therapeutic Uses , Male , Mycophenolic Acid , Therapeutic Uses , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-339575

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To evaluate the efficacy of thalidomide in the treatment of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Twelve children with JIA who did not respond to conventional treatment were administered with thalidomide (2 mg/kg daily). The symptoms, signs, and laboratory test results were compared before and after treatment. The thalidomide-related side effects were observed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The average dosage of prednisone was reduced from 1.92 ± 0.16 mg/kg•d to 0.49 ± 0.42 mg/kg•d in the 12 patients 6 months after thalidomide treatment (P<0.01). Four patients did not need prednisone treatment any more. White blood cell count, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C reactive protein (CRP) and serum ferritin (SF) significantly decreased after treatment in all of 12 patients (P<0.01). Hemoglobin level increased to normal in 8 patients after treatment (P<0.01). The number of affected joints decreased from 5 before treatment to zero to 2 after treatment in patients with polyarticular JIA (P<0.01). Signs of hip involvement and Schober's sign turned negative in enthesitis-related cases. No thalidomide-related side effects were observed.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Thalidomide is effective in the treatment of JIA in children who do not respond to conventional treatment.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arthritis, Juvenile , Blood , Drug Therapy , Child , Female , Humans , Male , Prednisone , Therapeutic Uses , Retrospective Studies , Thalidomide , Therapeutic Uses
10.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 806-811, 2006.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-349526

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To review and analyze the clinical features, treatment, and outcome of macrophage activation syndrome (MAS) in children with systemic onset juvennil rheumatoid arthritis (SOJRA).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Retrospective review and analysis were performed on cases with MAS from a prospectively collected database of children with SOJRA from the year of 2003 to 2006 in the Hospital.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Twenty four patients (21 boys, 3 girls) were diagnosed as having MAS with SOJRA. Mean age of the patients with MAS at diagnosis was 7 years, and the duration prior to diagnosis of MAS was 12 months. No trigger factors were found except in one case whose MAS was triggered by use of methotrexate and in another by parvovirus B19 infection. High grade fever, new onset hepatosplenomegaly and lymphadenopathy, pancytopenia, liver dysfunction were common clinical features in all the 24 cases (100%). Bleeding from skin, mucous membrane and gastrointestinal tract were noted in 9 cases (38%). Twelve (50%) cases had CNS dysfunction (high intracranial pressure, seizure and coma). Six cases (25%) developed ARDS. One patient suffered from renal damage. The laboratory test revealed elevated live enzymes and ferritin, decreased value of ESR, albumin, complete blood count and fibrinogen in all the 24 cases. Bone marrow examination supported the diagnosis of definite hemophagocytosis in the 24 cases. Lymph node biopsy was done for one case and histopathological examination showed that the node was full of activated macrophage. As to treatment, five cases only received high dose steroids (three of them died), 14 cases were treated with high dose steroids plus cyclosporine (one died), two were treated with steroids plus cyclosporine and etoposide (none died). The causes of deaths were ARDS and CNS involvement. In three of the cases who died, treatment was given up by their parents.</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>MAS is a rare and potentially fatal complication of SOJRA. Most of our patients were male. Bone marrow studies support the diagnosis. CNS involvement and ARDS were poor prognostic signs. Early diagnosis and aggressive therapy are essential.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Arthritis, Juvenile , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Infant , Macrophage Activation Syndrome , Drug Therapy , Pathology , Male , Retrospective Studies
11.
Chinese Journal of Pediatrics ; (12): 422-425, 2003.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-276903

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>Development of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is not only associated with single loci of HLA gene, but also possibly related to certain haplotypes and genotypes of MHC. In the present study the authors explored association of HLA-A, B, DR haplotype and genotype with SLE in Chinese children, analyzed a large family with multiple SLE patients and genetic origin of SLE patients with HLA-DRB1 * 15, to discover the influence of linkage disequilibrium of HLA gene on SLE.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>HLA-A, B, DR alleles were tested in 53 patients with SLE and 40 cases with their parents, 35 patients with SLE and HLA-DRB * 15 positive and 27 cases with their parents, a large family with SLE (18 members of three generations) and also 78 normal controls and 43 cases with their parents by microlymphocytotoxicity test and polymerase chain reaction - sequence specific primers (PCR-SSP). HLA-A, B, DR haplotype and genotype of SLE patients and controls were statistically calculated. The SLE patients with HLA-DRB1 * 15 and controls were analyzed for either the gene originated from the paternal or the maternal side.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The variety of the haplotype in patient group (64/80) was less than that in control group (74/86). Only 9 haplotypes were found common between the patient group and control group. The frequency of the haplotype HLA-A9B40DRB1 * 15 was significantly higher in patient group than that in control group (P < 0.05), RR was 10.726 0. Five members of the large family had haplotype A9B40DRB1 * 15, 2 of them were patients with SLE, 1 of them was positive for ANA and had Raynaud's phenomenon and 2 of them were normal. The rest of the family members were normal. The frequency of genotypes DRB1 * 09/DRB1 * 15 and DRB1 * 03/DRB1 * 15 in SLE group was significantly higher than that of control group (P < 0.05), RR was 7.772 7 and 14.272 7, respectively. The number of SLE children with gene HLA-DRB1 * 15 derived from their fathers was significantly higher than that of the children with the gene derived from the mothers.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These findings suggested that haplotype HLA-A9B40DRB1 * 15 and genotypes HLA-DRB1 * 09/DRB1 * 15, HLA-DRB1 * 03/DRB1 * 15 were correlated with SLE. The predisposition of multiple loci seems to have an additive effect. The children with their gene HLA-DRB1 * 15 derived from their fathers might more easily suffer from SLE than those with the gene derived from their mothers, the underlying mechanism needs further studies.</p>


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , China , Female , Gene Frequency , Genotype , HLA Antigens , Genetics , HLA-A Antigens , Genetics , HLA-B Antigens , Genetics , HLA-DR Antigens , Genetics , Haplotypes , Genetics , Humans , Linkage Disequilibrium , Genetics , Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic , Genetics , Male , Pedigree , Polymerase Chain Reaction
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-638469

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the relativity of the lupus anticoagulant(LAC), anticadiolipin antibody(aCL) - IgG,aCL-IgM,aCL-IgA levels and clinical symptoms of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and to determine the significance of the LAC level in the prognosis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) by detecting the LAC and aCL-IgG, IgM,IgA levels in 310 children with SLE and 249 children with ITP. Methods Kadin-cephalin clotting time(KCCT) and correcting test to detect the plasma LAC level and to the serum aCL- IgG, IgM, IgA levels with enzyme - linked immunosorbent assay. Results In SLE group, there were 66.1% patients with higher LAC among whom 45.9% patients suffered from lupus nephritis , aCL subantibody level elevated in 46.8% patients (90.2% IgG and/or IgM) serum; 46.9% and 11.7% patients suffered from central nervous system diseases and blood diseases with SLE respectively. In ITP group, 36.2% patients with LAC positive were diagnosed as SLE by detecting the serum antinuclear antibody level, and 7.6% suffered from SLE subsequently in the period of 2 months to 2.4 years. Conclusions The LAC and aCL subantibody levels may have an important relativity with the clinical symptoms of SLE. The LAC is the predominant pathologic autoantibody in patients with lupus nephritis, and the aCL subantibody( IgM, IgG) levels were related to lupus thromboangiitis. The IAC level of children with ITP should be monitored in order to determine the prognosis of the disease as soon as possible.

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