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Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E061-E066, 2016.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-804069


Objective To study the effects on compressive strength and rigidity of tibia cortical bone from deep-freezing, freeze-drying or radiation treatments, and to discuss the appropriate method for tibia cortical bone treatment. Methods The cortical bone were collected from the middle part in tibial diaphysis from amputated limbs of trauma patients and made into bone plates with the size of 10 mm×10 mm×5 mm each. The bone plates were then divided into seven groups evenly and randomly: control group (Group A), deep-freezing group (Group B), freeze-drying group(Group C), deep-freezing plus 60Co (25 J/g) radiation group(Group D), deep-freezing plus 60Co (50 J/g) radiation group(Group E), freeze-drying plus 60Co (25 J/g) radiation group(Group F), freeze-drying plus 60Co (50 J/g) radiation group(Group G). The compressive strength and rigidity of allograft cortical bone were tested by mechanical testing machine. Results The largest compressive strength of the tibia cortical bone was in the range of 6.089-9.089 kN. Compared with Group A, the strength in Group B, C, D and F showed no significant difference, and the rigidity in Group B and C showed no significant difference, while the rigidity in Group D and F was decreased by 9.6% (P<0.05) and 8.7% (P<0.05), respectively. Compared with Group A, the strength in Group E and G was reduced by 29.6% (P<0.05) and 33.1% (P<0.05), respectively, and the rigidity was reduced by 16.7% (P<0.05) and 14.8% (P<0.05), respectively. Conclusions The strength and rigidity of tibia cortical bone are not changed significantly after deep-freezing or freeze-drying treatment. Compared with the untreated group, the strength of tibial cortical bone with the small dosage of 60Co treatment is not significantly changed after deep-freezing or freeze-drying, but the rigidity is decreased; the strength and rigidity with the large dosage of 60Co treatment are decreased obviously. For application of cortical bone used in spinal fusion, radiation sterilization dosage should be controlled in the range of 15-25 J/g.

Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42443


OBJECTIVE: To investigate the variation of pelvic radius and related parameters in low-grade isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis. METHODS: Seventy-four patients with isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis and 47 controls were included in this study. There were 17 males and 57 females between 30 and 66 years of age, including 30 with grade I slippages and 44 grade II slippages; diseased levels included 34 cases on L4 and 40 cases on L5. Thoracic kyphosis (TK), the pelvic radius (PR), the pelvic angle (PA), pelvic morphology (PR-S1), and total lumbopelvic lordosis (PR-T12) were assessed from radiographs. RESULTS: Statistically significant differences were found for the PA, PR-T12, and PR-S1 (24.5±6.6°, 83.7±9.8°, and 25.4±11.2°, respectively) of the patients with spondylolisthesis and the healthy volunteers (13.7±7.8°, 92.9±9.2°, and 40.7±8.9°, respectively). The TK/PR-T12 ratios were between 0.15 and 0.75. However, there were no differences in all the parameters between the L4 and L5 spondylolysis subgroups (p>0.05). The TK and PR-S1 of grade II were less than grade I, but the PA was greater. The PR-T12 of female patients were less than male patients, but the PA was greater (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Pelvic morphology differed in patients with low-grade isthmic lumbar spondylolisthesis compared to controls. Gender and the grade of slippage impacted the sagittal configuration of the pelvis, but the segment of the vertebral slip did not. Overall, the spine of those with spondylolisthesis remains able to maintain sagittal balance despite abnormal pelvic morphology.

Animals , Asian People , Female , Healthy Volunteers , Humans , Kyphosis , Lordosis , Male , Pelvis , Radius , Spine , Spondylolisthesis , Spondylolysis
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 781-783, 2005.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-306211


<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To explore the clinical features, treatment and prognosis of the C5 palsy after surgery of cervical spondylosis.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and twenty-three cases treated from March 1994 to October 2003 were retrospectively reviewed.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Seven of the 223 cases developed the complication of C5 palsy, manifesting the paresis of the deltoid muscle as well as the sensory deficits and (or) intractable pain in shoulder. The incidence was 3.1%. In this study, 2 cases occurred in the anterior subcorpectomy, 5 cases developed in the laminoplasty with 1 case on the opened side, 3 cases on the hinged side and 1 case on both sides. All the 7 cases with the C5 palsy recovered within 2 weeks to 6 months.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The C5 palsy can develop either anterior decompression or posterior open-door laminoplasty of cervical spondylosis. Generally speaking, patients with postoperative C5 palsy can be cured by conservative measures. And prognosis is good.</p>

Adult , Aged , Bone Transplantation , Cervical Vertebrae , General Surgery , Decompression, Surgical , Female , Humans , Laminectomy , Male , Middle Aged , Postoperative Complications , Diagnosis , Radiculopathy , Diagnosis , Retrospective Studies , Spinal Nerve Roots , Spinal Osteophytosis , General Surgery