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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-704218

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the changes of serum anti-schistosome antibody titers in schistosomiasis japonica pa-tients after treatment,in order to provide the evidence for formulating the schistosomiasis surveillance program in marshland and lake regions.Methods Upon prospective cohort study,the stool examination positive schistosomiasis patients and blood exami-nation positive suspected patients(the titer was more than 1:80,including 1:80)were selected as the research objects in Jian-gling County in 2014,and they received the 2-day praziquantel therapy.Half year,one year and two years after the treatment, their blood samples and fecal samples were collected for IHA anti-schistosome antibody detections and schistosome egg and mira-cidium detections. Results In 2014,the stool examination positives were 251,and the majority of them were over 41 years old,accounting for 93.23%(234/251);581 cases of high antibody titers were detected by the IHA method,and the majority of them were over 41 years old,accounting for 89.16%(518/581).Half year,one year and two years after the treatment,among the stool examination positives,the negative conversion rates of stool positives were 99.60%(250/251),100%(239/239)and 100%(234/234)respectively and the negative conversion rates of antibody positives were 21.91%(55/251),64.11%(156/239)and 76.89%(193/234)respectively.In the high antibody titer positives,the negative conversion rates were 38.04%(221/581),64.11%(359/560),and 77.86%(429/551)respectively,Half year,one year and two years after the treatment.There were statistically significant differences among the antibody negative conversion rates by χ2test(χ2=77.538,183.412,25.469 respectively,all P<0.001).The geometric mean values of antibody titers of different durations between 2 groups were analyzed by 2-independent-samples T test,and the geometric mean values of antibody titers between the 2 groups were different before the treatment(t=23.576,P<0.01),but the geometric mean values of antibody titers between the 2 groups were not different 6 months,1 year and 2 years after the treatment(t=-0.046,1.165, -0.132,P=0.964, 0.245,0.895 respectively). Conclu-sions The levels of serum anti-schistosome antibody degrade slowly in schistosomiasis japonica patients after the treatment, and the results of IHA tests cannot distinguish the current schistosome infection from previous schistosome infection.Therefore, it is necessary to develop the specific diagnostic technology for schistosome infection in order to meet the need of monitoring.

2.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 901-904, 2008.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-255589

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To investigate the characteristics of freshly resected laryngeal carcinoma by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>FTIR was applied to the study of the cancerous tissues and adjacent normal tissues in 32 patients.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with pathological diagnosis results, one benign specimen was classified as a malignant, the accuracy was 98.4%. Significant differences were seen in the FTIR spectra between the normal and malignant laryngeal tissues. The peak at 1085 cm(-1) shift to 1114 cm(-1) showed that the relative contents of DNA in laryngeal carcinoma cells was increased. The peak at 1397 cm(-1) was stronger than 1451 cm(-1) in normal tissues, while it was not obvious in cancer tissues. I(2926)/I(2870) in carcinoma cells was lower than that in normal tissues. The wave numbers of the bands of amide I and amide II, symmetric and asymmetric stretching bands of CH(3), stretching vibration bands of C-OH and NH band were shifted to higher number in cancer tissues.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The study shows that the malignant and normal laryngeal tissues have different FTIR spectra, which are mainly due to changes in protein, nucleic acid and phospholipids. FTIR may become a new method for the diagnosis of laryngeal carcinoma in clinical practice.</p>


Subject(s)
Humans , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Chemistry , Diagnosis , Pathology , Larynx , Chemistry , Pathology , Neoplasm Proteins , Nucleic Acids , Phospholipids , Spectroscopy, Fourier Transform Infrared , Methods
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