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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-294091

ABSTRACT

This paper put forward a more accurate identification method for identification of Chinese materia medica (CMM), the systematic identification of Chinese materia medica (SICMM) , which might solve difficulties in CMM identification used the ordinary traditional ways. Concepts, mechanisms and methods of SICMM were systematically introduced and possibility was proved by experiments. The establishment of SICMM will solve problems in identification of Chinese materia medica not only in phenotypic characters like the mnorphous, microstructure, chemical constituents, but also further discovery evolution and classification of species, subspecies and population in medical plants. The establishment of SICMM will improve the development of identification of CMM and create a more extensive study space.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Materia Medica
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350645

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To develop an effective identification method for accurately discriminating Psammosilene tunicoides and its confused species by the combined method of microscopic identification and molecular identification, so-called systematic identification of Chinese materia medica (SICMM).</p><p><b>METHOD</b>P. tunicoides and its confused species were accurately discriminated by SICMM method, which was established by comprehensively use of microscopic identification and DNA identification method. The DNA identification included the following analysis: the BLAST alignment, specific bases and N-J phylogenetic tree analysis.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The cluster crystals were not observed in P. tunicoides, but great deals of them were found in Silene viscidula. Further more, big differences of ITS sequence were observed and analyzed between P. tunicoides and its confused specie of S. viscidula.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The system method is a scientific and accurate method for the identification of P. tunicoides and its counterfeit species.</p>


Subject(s)
Base Sequence , Caryophyllaceae , Chemistry , Classification , Cell Biology , Genetics , DNA, Intergenic , Phenotype , Phylogeny , Sequence Alignment
3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 250-255, 2012.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-323049

ABSTRACT

This study is to reveal the correlation between CNVs of HMGR, SQS1, beta-AS gene and genuineness of liquorice. Real-time PCR was used to detect the copy number of HMGR, SQS1, beta-AS gene of liquorice. According to the results, the range of the copy number variation of HMGR gene was between 1 and 3, the copy number of SQS1 gene was 1 or 2, and the copy number of beta-AS gene was only 1. On the basis of the copy number of HMGR, SQS1 and beta-AS gene, there were five groups, type A (2 + 1 + 1), type B (1 + 1 + 1), type C (3 + 2 + 1), type D (2 + 2 + 1) and type E (3 + 1 + 1). There were two types, type A and type B, in Hangjinqi of Inner Mongolia, and the ratio of A to B was 1:1.3. There were also two types, type A and type B, in Chifeng of Inner Mongolia, and the ratio of A to B was 3:1. There were four types, type A, type B, type C and type D, in Yanchi of Ningxia province, and the ratio of A to B was 1:5.1. There were three types, type A, type B and type E, in Minqin of Gansu province, and the ratio of A to B was 2:1. So CNVs mainly existed in the liquorice from Ningxia and Gansu provinces. While the genetic background of liquorice from Hangjinqi of Inner Mongolia was stabilized. The results of the experiment proved that the correlation between CNVs and origins was one of the reasons of genuineness of liquorice.


Subject(s)
China , DNA Copy Number Variations , DNA, Plant , Genetics , Farnesyl-Diphosphate Farnesyltransferase , Genetics , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Genetics , Hydroxymethylglutaryl CoA Reductases , Genetics , Intramolecular Transferases , Genetics , Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263892

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To provide basis for quality control of Zijingpi, DNA identification was used based on NCBI nucleotide database analysis.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Firstly, total DNA of Zijingpi was extracted. Secondly, the ITS sequence was amplified by PCR with universal primer of ITS and PCR products was directly sequenced after purification. Finally, ITS sequence similarity and phylogenetic tree were used for identification.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The ITS sequence information of the mainstream commercial drugs of Zijingpi was obtained.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>It is firstly reported that the mainstream commercial drugs of Zijingpi was the bark of Schisandra sphenanthera.</p>


Subject(s)
DNA, Plant , Genetics , Databases, Nucleic Acid , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Chemistry , Reference Standards , Molecular Sequence Data , Phylogeny , Quality Control , Schisandra , Classification , Genetics , Sequence Analysis, DNA
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