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1.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 313-321, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970080

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#China bears the biggest atrial fibrillation (AF) burden in the world. However, little is known about the incidence and predictors of AF. This study aimed to investigate the current incidence of AF and its electrocardiographic (ECG) predictors in general community individuals aged over 60 years in China.@*METHODS@#This was a prospective cohort study, recruiting subjects who were aged over 60 years and underwent annual health checkups from April to July 2015 in four community health centers in Songjiang District, Shanghai, China. The subjects were then followed up from 2015 to 2019 annually. Data on sociodemographic characteristics, medical history, and the resting 12-lead ECG were collected. Kaplan-Meier curve was used for showing the trends in AF incidence and calculating the predictors of AF. Associations of ECG abnormalities and AF incidence were examined using Cox proportional hazard models.@*RESULTS@#This study recruited 18,738 subjects, and 351 (1.87%) developed AF. The overall incidence rate of AF was 5.2/1000 person-years during an observation period of 67,704 person-years. Multivariable Cox regression analysis indicated age (hazard ratio [HR], 1.07; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.06-1.09; P < 0.001), male (HR, 1.30; 95% CI: 1.05-1.62; P = 0.018), a history of hypertension (HR, 1.55; 95% CI: 1.23-1.95; P < 0.001), a history of cardiac diseases (HR, 3.23; 95% CI: 2.34-4.45; P < 0.001), atrial premature complex (APC) (HR, 2.82; 95% CI: 2.17-3.68; P < 0.001), atrial flutter (HR, 18.68; 95% CI: 7.37-47.31; P < 0.001), junctional premature complex (JPC) (HR, 3.57; 95% CI: 1.59-8.02; P = 0.002), junctional rhythm (HR, 18.24; 95% CI: 5.83-57.07; P < 0.001), ventricular premature complex (VPC) (HR, 1.76; 95% CI: 1.13-2.75, P = 0.012), short PR interval (HR, 5.49; 95% CI: 1.36-22.19; P = 0.017), right atrial enlargement (HR, 6.22; 95% CI: 1.54-25.14; P = 0.010), and pacing rhythm (HR, 3.99; 95% CI: 1.57-10.14; P = 0.004) were independently associated with the incidence of AF.@*CONCLUSIONS@#The present incidence of AF was 5.2/1000 person-years in the studied population aged over 60 years in China. Among various ECG abnormalities, only APC, atrial flutter, JPC, junctional rhythm, short PR interval, VPC, right atrial enlargement, and pacing rhythm were independently associated with AF incidence.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/epidemiology , Prospective Studies , Incidence , Atrial Flutter/complications , Risk Factors , China/epidemiology , Electrocardiography
2.
Chinese Journal of Microbiology and Immunology ; (12): 152-157, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995268

ABSTRACT

Monkeypox (MPX) is a zoonotic disease caused by monkeypox virus (MPXV) and its re-emergence is a potential global threat. The number of human MPX-positive cases reported by some coutries was increasing since it was detected in the UK on May 7, 2022, which has become a public health emergency and attracted global attention. Understanding the virological characteristics, route of transmission, pathogenic mechanism, vaccines and antiviral drugs of MPX is of great significance for the prevention and control of monkeypox. This paper briefly described the etiological characteristics and the prevention and control measures for MPX.

3.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 236-242, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992930

ABSTRACT

Objective:To clarify peripheral Th17 level in SSc patients and its correlation with disease.Methods:Chinese databases CNKI, CBM, Wanfang and VIP, and English databases PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and Science Direct were searched to collect a case-control study on the content of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of patients with SSc. The papers published when the database was first developed in 25 February 2021. Meta-analysis was conducted using Stata 12.0 software, and I2 and Egger tests were used to evaluate the heterogeneity and publication bias between studies. Results:A total of 26 case-controls were included in the study, including 1 160 patients with SSc and 778 healthy controls. Overall, the percentage of Th17 cells in SSc patients was higher than in healthy controls [SMD(95% CI)=1.85 (1.33, 2.38), P<0.001], which was most significant in IL-17 +Th17 concentration [SMD(95% CI)=1.88 (1.28, 2.48), P<0.001]. As for disease activity, the proportion of Th17 cells in active SSc patients was much higher than those of patients in remission [SMD(95% CI)=1.92 (1.12, 2.71), P<0.001]. SSc patients had a reduced Th17 level after receiving DMARDs treatment [SMD(95% CI)=-0.74 (-1.05, -0.42), P=0.029]. Conclusion:The number of Th17 cells increase significantly in the peripheral blood of patients with SSc, and is related to disease activity. DMARDs can be used to treat this disease by downregulating Th17 levels.

4.
International Journal of Cerebrovascular Diseases ; (12): 345-351, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-989236

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes in gray matter volume (GMV) and abnormalities in structural covariant network (SCN) patterns in patients with chronic pontine infarction (PI).Methods:Patients with unilateral chronic PI (case group) with the first onset admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University and Tianjin Medical University General Hospital from October 2014 to June 2021 were prospectively included. At the same time, healthy subjects matched with age, gender and education years (normal control group) were included. High-resolution three-dimensional T 1 structural MRI images and behavioral scores of the subjects were collected. The voxel-based morphometry and two-sample t test were used to explore the differences in GMV between the groups. Using GMV differential brain regions as seed points, SCN was constructed to explore the abnormality of structural covariant patterns in patients with PI. Spearman rank correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between GMV in differential brain regions and behavioral scores. Results:A total of 60 patients with PI were enrolled, including 33 left PI and 27 right PI, while 34 healthy controls were also enrolled. Compared with the normal control group, the GMV in bilateral posterior cerebellar lobe decreased significantly in the left PI group, and the GMV in left anterior and posterior cerebellar lobes and the right posterior cerebellar lobe decreased significantly in the right PI group (Gaussian random field correction with voxel level P<0.001 and cluster level P<0.05, cluster voxel >20), and there was a significant correlation between GMV values in the left anterior and posterior cerebellar lobes and the right posterior cerebellar lobe and the motor function score ( P<0.05). In addition, compared with the normal control group, the right PI group had broader covariate brain regions and a significant increase in the number of structural connections between covariate brain regions (family-wise error correction with voxel level P<0.05, cluster voxel >20). Conclusions:The GMV in bilateral posterior cerebellar lobe decreases significantly in patients with chronic PI, and were secondary to broader covariate brain regions and structural connections. This may be the neural mechanism of impaired behavioral function in patients with PI.

5.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 1418-1423, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-978802

ABSTRACT

Persistent HBV infection alters the expression of receptors on the surface of innate and acquired immune cells, which may cause a variety of immune disorders and finally lead to immune escape and disease chronicity. Studies have shown that the upregulation of inhibitory receptors is the main cause of immune disorders in patients, and blocking inhibitory receptors can restore immune function to a certain extent. T-cell immunoglobulin and immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif domain (TIGIT) is a new type of inhibitory receptor attracting much attention at present, and it is highly expressed in NK cells and T cells. It has been found that TIGIT plays an important role in chronic viral infection, and this article briefly reviews the research advances in the association between TIGIT and immune disorders in chronic HBV infection.

6.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 666-672, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992896

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the changes of intestinal mucosal barrier function related indexes [diamine oxidase and secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA)] in peripheral blood of patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and their correlation with peripheral immune function.Methods:A total of 40 patients with RA who admitted to the Rheumatology and Immunology department of the Second Hospital of the Shanxi Medical University were enrolled. We collected their clinical and laboratory data, and selected 20 age and gender matched people as the control group. Enzyme-linked immunosorbnent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the level of DAO and sIgA in the peripheral blood, the lymphocytes and CD4 + T subsets were detected by flow cytometry. Then t-test, rank sum test and correlation analysis were conducted for statistical analysis. Results:① The level of DAO in patients with RA was higher than that of healthy controls [205(164, 251) ng/ml vs 364 (276, 483) ng/ml, Z=-4.48, P<0.001], while the level of sIgA was decreased [3.64 (2.76, 4.83)×10 5 ng/ml vs 6.83 (4.80, 9.44)×10 5, Z=-3.84, P<0.001]. ② The absolute number of B and CD4 + T cells were increased in RA, the difference were statistically significant, but the absolute number of T, natural killer cells (NK) and CD8 + T cells were not significantly different between the two groups. For CD4 + T subsets, the absolute number of T helper cells (Th)1 and Treg cells in RA group were significantly decreased than healthy controls, but there were no statistical significant difference in the number of Th2 and Th17 cells. ③ The level of DAO was positively correlated with absolute number of Th17 cells in patients with RA ( r=0.36 P=0.038), and positively correlated with age and white blood cell count ( r=0.40, P=0.021; r=0.40, P=0.020), but no significant correlation among other indicators were found. ④ The serum sIgA level of RA patients in antimutated citrullinated vimentin antibody (MCV), antiperinuclear factor (APF) and antikeratin antibody (AKA) positive group were higher than those in the negative group [3.99(2.99, 5.58)×10 5 ng/ml vs 2.73(2.29, 3.05)×10 5 ng/ml, Z=-2.55, P=0.011; 5.49 (3.26, 5.70)×10 5 ng/ml vs 3.12 (2.29, 4.04)×10 5 ng/ml, Z=-2.28, P=0.023; 4.07 (3.19, 5.65)×10 5 ng/ml vs 2.88 (2.24, 3.86)×10 5 ng/ml, Z=-2.42, P=0.016], while there was no significant difference in DAO level between groups. ⑤ The DAO level of RA patients with pulmonary interstitial fibrosis was significantly higher than that in the group without pulmonary interstitial fibrosis [421 (216, 528) ng/ml vs 191 (150, 223) ng/ml, Z=-2.81, P=0.005], while there were no significant differences in DAO and sIgA levels among other groups. Conclusion:In RA patients with inte-stinal mucosal barrier impairment, the DAO level is increased, while the sIgA is decreased, and in addition, elevated peripheral blood Th17 may be involved in the process of intestinal mucosal barrier impairment.

7.
Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine ; (12): 883-892, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957658

ABSTRACT

Psoriatic arthritis is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease, characterized by psoriasis skin lesions and inflammation of the spine and joint. It has complicated clinical manifestations and individual variations. Nearly half of the patients will have joints erosion in two years, which is crippling. The severity of the skin and joint disease frequently do not correlate with each other. Currently, the understanding of the disease is insufficient in China with the lack of standardized diagnosis and treatment. Therefore, researchers from the Chinese Rheumatology Association formulated this specification based on the diagnosis and management experience together with guidelines at home and abroad. The specification summarizes the present situation of domestic diagnosis and treatment, aiming to standardize the diagnosis process and treatment protocols of psoriatic arthritis. Furthermore, it can reduce misdiagnosis and missed diagnosis, as well as improve the prognosis.

8.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 505-511, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956717

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the level of peripheral blood regulatory T cells in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and its clinical significance.Methods:A total of 191 patients with RA in the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Shanxi Medical University and 86 healthy controls (HCs) were enrolled from January 2019 to January 2021. All peripheral blood CD4 + T lymphocyte subsets of participants were assessed by flow cytometry. Patients were divided into RA-CVD group ( n=71) and RA only group ( n=120) and their clinical data were recorded. The differences between the groups were analyzed by Independent-Samples t test, Mann-Whitney U test or χ2 test, and risk factors that affected CVD were analyzed using Logistic regression. Results:① The age of patients and the proportion of male patients in the RA-CVD group were significantly higher than those in the RA only group [age: (64±10) years old vs (56±12) years old, t=-4.16, P<0.001; male patients: 35 cases vs 31 cases, χ2=10.86, P=0.001]. ② The level of Treg cells in the peripheral blood of patients with RA only and RA-CVD groups was significantly lower than that of HCs ( Z=-4.14, P<0.001; Z=-6.27, P<0.001), while the numbers of peripheral Th17 cells in the two groups of patients were not significantly different from those of HCs ( P>0.05). The ratios of Th17/Treg cells in the two group patients were higher than those of HCs, but only the difference between RA-CVD patients and HCs was significant ( Z=-5.49, P<0.001). ③ Compared with the RA only group, the absolute number of Treg cells in peripheral blood of RA-CVD group was significantly lower [19.00(13.62, 26.73) vs 24.94 (19.32, 34.12), Z=-3.19, P=0.001], the level of Th17 cells was significantly higher [absolute number: 7.77 (3.86, 13.64) cell/μl vs 5.59 (3.49, 8.91) cells/μl, Z=-2.14, P=0.033; percentage: 1.37%(0.78, 2.00)% vs 0.80%(0.56, 1.24)%, Z=-4.20, P<0.001], and the ratio of Th17/Treg cells was significantly higher [0.40(0.24, 0.62) vs 0.23(0.14, 0.35), Z=-4.46, P<0.001]. ④ Logistic regression analysis showed that Treg cell [ OR(95% CI)=0.934 (0.903, 0.967)] was a protective factor, while elder age [ OR(95% CI)=1.038(1.003, 1.074), male [ OR(95% CI)=2.450(1.005, 5.973)], hypertension [ OR(95% CI)=2.654 (1.219, 5.779)] and Th17 cell [ OR (95% CI)=1.066 (1.019, 1.116)] were risk factors of RA complicated with CVD. Conclusion:The level of Treg cells in peripheral blood of RA patients with CVD decreases significantly, and the immune imbalance of Th17/Treg is more singificant than that of RA patients without CVD. It is suggested that the immune imbalance and dysfunction caused by the number and/or functional deficiency of Treg cells may be involved in the occurrence and development of RA complicated with CVD.

9.
Journal of International Oncology ; (12): 241-245, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907535

ABSTRACT

With the development of detection methods, various biomarkers of liver cancer have been detected constantly, which is of great significance for the early diagnosis and real-time monitoring of liver cancer after treatment. Based on the differences in the sensitivity and specificity of different biomarkers, exploration of the value of diverse biomarkers in the diagnosis and prognosis assessment of liver cancer can provide an important reference for clinicians to scientific and rational application of distinct biomarkers.

10.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 898-901, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-881395

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore whether children in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) have more obvious tactile abnormalities than healthy children, and to analyze the correlation between tactile abnormalities and clinical symptoms of autism, so as to provide a scientific basis for intervening and treating tactile abnormalities among the children with autism.@*Methods@#Totally 265 ASD children aged 3.02-10.66 years who received rehabilitation training in designated rehabilitation institutions for autism in Heilongjiang Province were collected as case group, and 223 healthy children aged 3.15-10.99 years were recruited as control group in Harbin kindergartens and primary schools according to the principle of gender and age matching. The Short Sensory Profile (SSP) was used to evaluate children s tactile behavior, and the differences between the two groups, as well as the scores of different genders and ages were analyzed. At the same time, Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS) was used to evaluate the clinical manifestations of ASD children. Spearman correlation analysis was used to explore the correlation between tactile behavior and autism symptoms.@*Results@#The tactile score of SSP in ASD group [33(33,35)] was lower than that in control group[34(31,35)], and the difference was statistically significant(Z=-2.73, P<0.05); And the proportion of tactile abnormality grade (possible abnormality and obvious abnormality) in ASD group (19.6%) was higher than that in control group(11.7%)(χ 2=5.72, P<0.05). At the same time, the tactile sensation between the two groups of boys was significantly different(Z=-2.17, P<0.05). There was a negative correlation between SSP tactile scores in ASD group and clinical scale scores including SRS social cognition, social communication and scale scores, Autism Behavior Checklist(ABC), Childhood Autism Behavior Scale(CARS), non-verbal communication of Autism Diagnostic Interview-Revised(ADI-R)(r=-0.23, -0.28, -0.28, -0.35, -0.17, -0.27, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Autistic children show more obvious tactile abnormalities than healthy children, which is more significant in boys. And there is a correlation between tactile abnormalities and clinical manifestations such as autism social disorder.

11.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 217-224, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884394

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of lymphocyte subsets in peripheral blood of patients with immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) and the correlation between T helper 17 cell (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) cell imbalance and cytokines.Methods:A total of 31 patients with IgG4-RD who were admitted to the Rheumatology and Immunology Department of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2016 to June 2020 were included. We collected their clinical and laboratory data, and selected 30 age and sex matched healthy people as the control group. Flow cytometry was used to detect the percentage and absolute number of lymphocyte subsets [T, B, natural killer cell (NK), CD4 +T, CD8 +T] and CD4 +T subsets [Th1, Th2, Th17, CD4 +CD25 +forkhead box protein 3 (Foxp3) +Treg] in peripheral blood of IgG4-RD patients and healthy controls. The serum interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interferon (IFN)-γ levels in the IgG4-RD patients were measured by cytometric bead array (CBA). Correlation between Th17/Treg ratio and disease-related indicators was also analyzed. We used χ2 test, Mann-Whitney U test and Spearman correlation analysis for statistical analysis. Results:① The percentage of CD4 +T cells in the peripheral blood of IgG4-RD patients was higher than that of healthy controls [45.00%(33.97%, 51.48%) vs 39.36%(33.78%, 43.30%), Z=-2.142, P<0.05]. ② The percentage and absolute number of Th17 cells was increased in IgG4-RD patients [1.13%(0.70%, 1.55%) vs 0.77%(0.43%, 1.07%), Z=-2.229, P<0.05; 7.90(5.20, 12.23) cells/μl vs 5.60(3.12, 8.47) cells/μl, Z=-2.568, P<0.05], while the percentage of Treg cells was decreased [3.37%(2.82%, 5.65%) vs 4.96%(4.18%, 6.34%), Z=-2.986, P<0.01]. But the number of Treg cells showed no difference between the two groups. ③ Th17/Treg ratio was significantly increased in IgG4-RD patients [0.29(0.16, 0.46) vs 0.15(0.08, 0.23), Z=-3.119, P<0.01], and it was positively correlated with IgG4-RD response index score ( r=0.491, P<0.01). ④ Serum IL-6 [13.72(9.29, 26.06) pg/ml vs 2.23(1.94, 3.10) pg/ml, Z=-4.815, P<0.01], IL-10 [5.46(4.28, 15.38) pg/ml vs 1.81(1.59, 2.02) pg/ml, Z=-5.298, P<0.01], TNF-α [4.25(1.47, 7.26) pg/ml vs 1.15(1.05, 1.45) pg/ml, Z=-3.146, P<0.01] and IFN-γ [3.89(1.76, 6.61) pg/ml vs 1.41(1.24, 1.65) pg/ml, Z=-3.172, P<0.01] in IgG4-RD group were significantly higher than those in healthy control group. Moreover, Th17/Treg ratio was negatively correlated with IL-2 level ( r=-0.554, P<0.05). Conclusion:Th17/Treg disorder exists in IgG4-RD patients, and it is related to disease activity, indicating that Th17/Treg imbalance may be an important mechanism in IgG4-RD. IL-2 plays an important role in regulating Th17/Treg balance and may be a potential immunotherapy target in future.

12.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 649-655, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868245

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the characteristics of lymphocyte subsets and the correlation between the immune imbalance of T helper 17 cell/regulatory T cell (Th17/Treg) and cytokines in peripheral blood of patients with Beh?et's disease(BD).Methods:From January 2018 to November 2019, 82 outpatient and inpatient with BD of the Department of Rheumatology and Immunology of the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University with complete data were enrolled. The disease activity was evaluated according to BD Current Activity Form(BDCAF), and 66 age and matched healthy people were selected as the control group. The absolute numbers of lymphocyte subsets and T cell subsets dominated by Th17 and CD4 +CD25 +Foxp3 + Treg in patients with BD and healthy controls were detected by Flow cytometry. The levels of interleukin (IL-2), IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, IL-17, Interferon (IFN)-γ and Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF)-α in patients with BD were measured by Cytometric Beads Array (CBA). The correlations between the ratio of Th17/Treg with inflammatory index, the number of organ involved and the levels of cytokines were analyzed. Data were analyzed by Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal Wallis H test, Spearman correlation analysis and multiple linear regression. Results:①The absolute numbers of Th17 cells in peripheral blood of patients with active BD [13.9(7.7, 21.1) cells/μl] and patients with stable BD [8.7(6.1, 14.0) cells/μl] were higher than those of healthy controls [6.8(4.4, 8.5) cells/μl] ( P<0.01); The ratio of Th17/Treg was significantly increased ( P<0.01). The absolute co unts of Treg cells in BD group [24.79(15.64, 37.91) cells/μl] were sign-ificantly lower than those in healthy controls [30.59(23.04, 42.08) cells/μl], the difference was statistically significant ( P=0.016). ② The ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with BDCAF ( r=0.298, P=0.007) and the number of organ involved ( r=0.304, P=0.006) was negatively correlated with age ( r=-0.254, P<0.05), and not correlated with the duration of disease and ESR ( P>0.05) in patients with BD. In addition, multiple linear stepwise regression showed that the ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with BDCAF ( β=0.228, P=0.036) and negatively correlated with age ( β=-0.219, P=0.043), R2=0.101. ③ The levels of IL-2, IL-6, IL-10, IFN-γ in patients with BD were stati-stically higher than those of healthy controls ( P<0.01). The ratio of Th17/Treg was positively correlated with the levels of IL-2 ( r=0.307, P<0.01) and IL-4 ( r=0.301, P<0.01) in patients with BD. Conclusion:There is immune imbalance of Th17/Treg in patients with BD, which is closely related to disease activity, the number of organ involved, and the levels of cytokines such as IL-2 and IL-4. IL-2 and IL-4 may play an important role in the immune imbal-ance of Th17/Treg in patients with BD.

13.
Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 153-159,后插1, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745189

ABSTRACT

Objective We investigated the correlation between inflammatory cytokines and drugresi-stant proteins. Methods Fourteen DBA1 mice were successfully induced by collagen and Freund's adjuvant. According to the scores of synovial pathology, the collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) group was divided into mild, moderate-severe groups, another four mice were selected as controls. The mRNA expressions of P-glycoprotein (P-gp), breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP), multidrug resistance protein 1 (MRP1) in splenic lymphocyte cells were measured by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The concentrations of inter-leukin (IL)-1β, IL-2, IL-6, IL-10, umor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, IL-17 in serum were detected by Cytometric Bead Array (CBA). The correlation between different inflammatory cytokines and these proteins were analyzed, then one of the proteins which were most related with cytokines by immunohisto-chemical (IHC) in the synovium was studied. Data were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test and spearman analysis. Results ①Compared with normal controls, the levels of IL-6 and TNF-α in the serum of mild CIA group, moderate-severe CIA group were significantly increased {IL-6 controls: [7.75 (5.14, 9.17) pg/ml];mild CIA: [25.31 (15.15, 29.27) pg/ml]; modeate-severe CIA: [45.03 (38.87, 64.02) pg/ml]. TNF-α: controls: [22.81 (20.84, 28.17) pg/ml]; mild CIA: [45.00(32.76, 58.51) pg/ml]; modeate-severe CIA: [45.00(39.78, 8.95) pg/ml]}(Z=14.383, P<0.05; Z=8.375, P<0.05). Compared with the mild CIA group, the level of IL-6 in serum was significantly increased in the moderate-to-severe CIA group (P<0.05), but there was no signigicant difference in the TNF-α level (P>0.05). ② In the spleen lymphocytes, there was no significant difference in the mRNA expression level of P-gp and BCRP among the groups, but the mRNA expression level of MRP1 was significantly increased (Z=12.634, P<0.05). Compared with the mild CIA group, the MRP1 mRNA in the moderate-severe CIA group was higher, the difference was significant (Z=12.634, P<0.05). There was a correlation between mRNA expression of MRP1 and P-gp (r=0.635, P=0.015). ③ The mRNA expression of MRP1 was positively correlated with IL-6 level (r=0.711, P=0.004). ④ The expression of MRP1 in normal group, low-level IL-6 group and high- IL-6 level group were as follows: [1.08 (0.65, 1.30)], [1.32 (1.08, 1.49)], [2.07 (1.77, 2.22)] respectively.⑤Compared with the controls, the cytoplasm/membrane of the knee and ankle joint synovial tissue in the CIA group was yellowish-brown, which indicated that MRP1 expression was positive. Conclusion In the CIA arthritis model, synovial tissue lesion is not only related to inflammatory cytokines, but also related to MRP1 expression in the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transport protein family, and it is proved that IL-6 is highly correlated to MRP1.

14.
Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis ; (6): 367-372, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-790240

ABSTRACT

Jervine, a novel steroidal alkaloid from Veratrum nigrum L., exhibits both antitumor effect and potential toxicity. The aim of study was to characterize the pharmacokinetic behaviors and enterohepatic circu-lation of jervine in rats. A rapid and simple ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometric method was developed and validated for quantification of jervine and alpinetin (internal standard) in rat plasma. After extraction from rat plasma by a simple protein-precipitation method, the analyte was separated on a C18 column (2.1 mm × 50 mm, 1.7μm) using water with 0.1%formic acid and acetonitrile as the mobile phase delivered at a flow rate of 0.4 mL/min. Jervine and alpinetin were determined in the positive mode with multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) of the ion transitions at m/z 426.3→108.8 and m/z 271.0→166.9, respectively. Molecular docking method was used to investigate the binding of jervine to p-glycoprotein and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase. The method was well validated within acceptance limits including specificity, matrix effect, recovery, precision, accuracy, and stability, and was successfully applied to the pharmacokinetic study of jervine after oral and intravenous administration to rats. Jervine presented a small volume of distribution, fast absorption, high oral bioavailability, and enterohepatic circulation. The enterohepatic circulation was first observed in veratrum alkaloids, and was further investigated by molecular docking studies, which was related to the binding of jervine to p-glycoprotein and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfotransferase. The pharmacokinetic properties and enterohepatic circulation of jervine in rats provided a significant basis for the drug-drug interaction and toxicity study in the future.

15.
Chinese Journal of School Health ; (12): 496-498, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-818805

ABSTRACT

Objective@#To explore the characteristics of Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR) in children with ASD, and analyze their relation with the core symptoms of ASD.@*Methods@#Ninty children aged 2-6 with ASD were recruited from Harbin in this study. The data of ABR was collected by using BAEP, and the association among children’s absolute latency and interpeak latency of ABR, core symptoms of ASD children’s behavior and clinical manifestation was analyzed.@*Results@#Compared with the normal average value, children with ASD had longer the absolute latency of wave Ⅰ,Ⅲ,Ⅴ in bilateral ears, which were (1.51±0.20)(3.83±0.34)(5.63±0.23)ms, (1.54±0.16) (3.78±0.23) (5.63±0.22)ms, respectively(P<0.05). Some children’s interpeak latency of Ⅰ-Ⅲ, Ⅲ-Ⅴ, Ⅰ-Ⅴ were longer than normal values. Children younger than 3 years old showed prolonged peak intervals of Ⅰ-Ⅲ and Ⅰ-Ⅴ than children in 3-7 years old. The study has also showed that there was positive correlation between the absolute latency of waveⅠin left ear and the social function defect(r=0.45, P<0.05); there was positive correlation between the latency of wave Ⅴin right ear or the latency of waveⅠin left ear or the Ⅰ-Ⅲ peakinterval and nonverbal communication ability dysfunction(r=0.35, 0.39, 0.34, P<0.05); there was positive correlation between the Ⅰ-Ⅲ peak interval and the repeated stereotyped symptoms(r=0.39, 0.35, P<0.05).@*Conclusion@#Children with ASD have abnormal auditory behavior. The absolute latency and interpeak latency of ABR is correlated to some parts of core symptoms of ASD.

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Chinese Journal of Rheumatology ; (12): 435-439, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707872

ABSTRACT

Objective To assess the correlation between sleep quality and disease activity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients by comparing the sleep quality of RA patients with healthy control group.Methods One hundred and sixty cases of RA patients who were hospitalized in the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University from January 2015 to June 2017 were included into this study,and 90 age and gender matched healthy people were selectedas control group.Age,sex,therapeutic drugs,Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI),serum erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),C-reactive protein (CRP),the 28-joint Disease Activity Score (DAS28),Visual Analogue Score (VAS) and Beck Depression Inventory second edition (BDI-Ⅱ) were detected and compared.According to the DAS28 scores,the relationship between the sleep quality of RA patients and the degree of disease activity was analyzed.Results One hundred and nine cases (68.1%) with sleep disorders in the RA group,which was higher than that in the healthy control group,in which 17 cases (18.9%) had sleep disorder.The total scores of the PSQI in the RA group were higher than those in the healthy control group,which were (7.2±3.2) scores vs (3.1±2.8) scores (t=10.636,P<0.05) respectively.In the RA group,the average age of patients with sleep disorders (PSQI>5) (56±12) years was higher than that of patients without sleep disorders (48±9) years (PSQI≤5).The VAS and BDI-Ⅱ score in RA patients with sleep distur-bance were higher than those with non-sleep disturbance,which were (5.8±2.2) scores vs (25.1 ±9.1) scores vs (2.1 ±2.1) scores vs (14.2±6.6) scores (P<0.05) respectively.According to the results of Pearson correlation an-alysis,DAS28 was significantly positively correlated with BDI-Ⅱ (r=0.382,P=0.001),PSQI wassignificantly positively-correlated with BDI-Ⅱ (r=0.312,P=0.001).Subjective sleep quality,sleep time,sleep efficiency,sleep disorder,daytime dysfunction and the PSQI total score increased with the increase of RA activity.Conclusion The incidence of sleep disturbance in RA patients is higher than that in the normal population.The incidence of sleep disturbance,increases significantly accompanied by high disease activities in RA patients.

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Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care ; (6): 66-69, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-706910

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the effects of enteral immunonutrition on cell immunity level and clinical efficacy in patients with severe tuberculosis. Methods Sixty patients with severe tuberculosis were admitted to the department of tuberculosis intensive care unit of Hangzhou Red Cross Hospital from June 2015 to June 2017, and they were randomly divided into a conventional enteral nutrition group (EN group) and a enteral immunonutrition group (EIN group), each group 30 cases. Based on the patients' gastrointestinal tolerance condition, the EN group was treated with therapies of normal nutrition support, anti-tuberculosis, anti-infection, etc.; the EIN group was treated with enteral immunonutrition (TPF-T), and simultaneously with anti-tuberculosis, anti-infection, etc. therapies according to the disease situation. The target energy maintained at 104.6 kJ·d-1·kg-1and the therapeutic course was 14 days in the two groups. The levels of interleukins (IL-6, IL-10) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ), white blood cell count (WBC), C-reactive protein (CRP), procalcitonin (PCT), cell immune indexes (T cell subgroup CD4+, CD8+) were observed before treatment and on day 14 after treatment in the patients of two groups; the changes of acute physiology and chronic health evaluation Ⅱ (APACHE Ⅱ) score before treatment and after treatment and 28-day mortality rate were recorded in the two groups. Results After treatment, the levels of WBC, CRP, PCT were obviously lower than those before treatment, while the levels of IL-6, IFN-γ, CD4+in the two groups were significantly higher than those before treatment, and the changes of the EIN group were more significant than those in the EN group [WBC (×109/L): 8.0±3.1 vs. 10.0±2.4, CRP (mg/L): 30.3±9.1 vs. 45.8±6.6, PCT (μg/L): 2.2±1.8 vs. 4.3±2.2, IL-6 (mg/L): 182.53±8.52 vs. 168.42±7.62, IFN-γ (mg/L): 32.52±3.5 vs. 25.41±2.6, CD4+: 0.56±0.06 vs. 0.45±0.08, all P < 0.05]. The level of CD8+after treatment in the two groups was higher than that before treatment (the EN group: 0.28±0.06 vs. 0.27±0.07, the EIN group: 0.27±0.08 vs. 0.26±0.09), the APACHE Ⅱ scores in the two groups were lower than those before treatment (the EN group: 11±6 vs. 18±4, the EIN group: 10±3 vs. 17±6), the 28-day mortality in the EIN group was lower than that in the EN group [13.3% (4/30) vs. 16.7% (5/30)], no statistical significant difference in CD8+, APACHE Ⅱscore, 28-day mortality between the two groups being found (all P > 0.05). Conclusion Enteral immunonutrition can improve the level of cell immunity and decrease the degree of inflammatory response, and increase the clinical curative effect in patients with severe tuberculosis.

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Chinese Journal of Behavioral Medicine and Brain Science ; (12): 609-615, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-806963

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Objective@#To explore the influence of the location of the infarction lesion on the resting-state functional connectivity (rsFC) of the motor execution network.@*Methods@#A total of 144 patients with infarction of the motor pathway were involved in the study, including 97 patients with capsule stroke (CS) and 47 patients with pontine stroke (PS).50 age-matched healthy subjects were enrolled.After acquiring the structural images and the resting-state functional MRI data of all the subjects by 3.0-Tesla MR scanner, the functional connectivity was calculated in different regions of interest and the differences of the rsFC within the motor execution network among patients with different infarction location were compared.@*Results@#Left CS patients exhibited increased rsFC in L_PMd (MNI x, y, z: -22, -13, 57) -R_M1 (MNI x, y, z: 38, -22, 56) (F=3.951, P=0.022), the increased rsFC than healthy controls (P=0.031); Left CS patients exhibited increased rsFC in R_PMv (MNI x, y, z: 53, 0, 25)-L_SPL (MNI x, y, z: -22, -64, 54) than healthy controls (F=4.017, P=0.021), left CS patients exhibited decreased rsFC in R_PCG (MNI x, y, z: 37, -34, 53) -R_PMv (MNI x, y, z: 53, 0, 25) than healthy controls(F=-3.788, P=0.025). Right CS patients exhibited increased rsFC than healthy controls in R_PMd(MNI x, y, z: 28, -10, 54)-L_M1(MNI x, y, z: -38, -22, 56) (F=4.438, P=0.014), right CS patients exhibited increased rsFC than healthy controls in R_PMv(MNI x, y, z: 53, 0, 25)-R_PCG(MNI x, y, z: 37, -34, 53)(F=4.830, P=0.010), right CS patients exhibited decreased rsFC in L_M1(MNI x, y, z: -38, -22, 56)-L_SMA(MNI x, y, z: -5, -4, 57) than healthy controls (F=-5.102, P=0.007). And the left PS patients showed increased rsFC than healthy controls in R_DN -L_SMA (F=4.939, P=0.009), left PS patients exhibited increased rsFC than healthy controls in L_DN-R_SMA (F=3.431, P=0.036), left PS patients exhibited reduced rsFC than healthy controls in R_AICb -R_PMd (F=-4.114, P=0.019). Right PS patients showed increased rsFC compared with healthy controls in L_DN-R_M1(F=3.075, P=0.049), and increased rsFC compared with healthy controls in L_AICb-R_SCb (F=3.725, P=0.027).@*Conclusion@#The infarction location poses influence on the FC alteration of the motor network after stroke.

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Shanghai Journal of Acupuncture and Moxibustion ; (12): 876-880, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-613550

ABSTRACT

Filiform needle acupuncture technique is the core content of needling and moxibustion method. The examination and assessment of filiform needle manipulation are the most important measure for testing the effect of filiform needle acupuncture technique teaching. The establishment of a scientific examination and assessment system of filiform needle manipulation should involve comprehensive examination and assessment contents, definite and detailed evaluation rules and quantified scoring criteria to make the examination and assessment system be able to comprehensively and objectively assess the students' skills of filiform needle manipulation to achieve the purpose of improving the quality of filiform needle acupuncture technique teaching.

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Chinese Journal of Analytical Chemistry ; (12): 238-244, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-513395

ABSTRACT

Heavy metal residue in vegetables is a big concern in the whole world.The aim of this work is to explore the effect of multivariable selection on analyzing Cd in Chinese cabbage polluted in lab by collecting the spectra of laser induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) from the samples.At the same time,the actual Cd content in samples was obtained by anodic stripping voltammetry (ASV).The LIBS spectral range in partial least square (PLS) model was screened by standard normal variable transformation (SNV),first derivative (FD),second derivative (SD) and center treatment (CT) for preprocessing spectra and the optimized method was used for the analysis of interval partial least square (iPLS) and synergy interval partial least square (SiPLS).The results indicated that the method of CT was the best as a comparison with PLS,iPLS and SiPLS.And the intervals of wavelength were 214.72-215.82 nm,215.88-216.97 nm and 225.08 -226.35 nm by utilizing the optimized SiPLS.Here the root mean square error of cross validation (RMSECV) between real content and predicted ones was 1.487,the root mean squared error of prediction (RMSEP) was 1.094,the correlation coefficient (R) was 0.9942,and the average relative error (ARE) was 11.60%.The results displayed that LIBS could predict Cd in vegetables by multivariable selection of SiPLS and the accuracy could meet the requirement of rapid and green analysis of Cd in vegetables.

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