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1.
Journal of Clinical Hepatology ; (12): 2045-2049, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-829174

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo investigate the expression of exosome microRNAs (miRNAs) in bile of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis (HAE) patients with biliary tract invasion and the regulatory mechanism of differentially expressed miRNAs on target genes. MethodsBile samples were collected from 12 HAE patients who attended Qinghai University Affiliated Hospital from August 2017 to October 2018, with 6 patients in observation group (with the manifestation of biliary tract invasion) and 6 in control group (without the manifestation of biliary tract invasion). Ultracentrifugation extraction and Western blot were used to identify the structure of exosomes, the Trizol method was used to extract total RNA in exosomes, and miRNA expression profile microarray was used to identify differentially expressed miRNAs. The pathway enrichment analysis was performed to predict the target genes of biliary tract invasion based on differentially expressed miRNAs. ResultsA total of 74 differentially expressed miRNAs were identified between the observation group and the control group, among which 9 were upregulated and 65 were downregulated (|Fold Change|>2). The pathway analysis showed that the target genes were mainly enriched in the pathways for tumorigenesis, phosphatidylinositol signaling system, and PTEN (FDR<0.05). The GO annotation and enrichment analysis showed that the target genes were mainly enriched in the biological processes such as positive regulation of gene repression and regulation of cell differentiation (FDR<0.05). ConclusionThe established expression profile of differentially expressed exosome miRNAs in bile of HAE patients with biliary tract invasion can be used as biomarkers for biliary tract invasion of HAE and preliminarily elaborate on the regulatory mechanism of differentially expressed miRNAs on target genes after HAE invades the biliary tract.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868823

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcoisis after surgical resection and determine the differences of liver function between patients with different HBV-DNA levels.Methods:Patients were selected from January 2014 to July 2018 in the Affiliated Hospital of Qinghai University. Twenty-eight patients with hepatitis B and hepatic alveolar echinococcoisis were included in the experimental group, and 20 patients with hepatic alveolar echinococcoisis but without hepatitis B virus were included in the control group. Based on HBV-DNA level, the experimental group was divided into low-level group (HBV-DNA level<200 IU/ml, n=6), intermediate-level group (HBV-DNA level 200-20 000 IU/ml, n=15) and high level group (HBV-DNA level>20 000 IU/ml, n=7). Comparison of complications and liver function after liver resection in two groups.Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were used to analyze the influential factors of postoperative complications in patients.Comparison of postoperative liver function indexes in patients with different HBV-DNA levels. Results:In the control group, postoperative total bilirubin 10.6(8.3, 16.9) μmol/L, direct bilirubin 5.3(3.4, 10.0) μmol/L, prothrombin time 13.6(13.0, 15.8)s, and the incidence of complications 25.0%(5/20), were better than the experimental group 12.6(8.4, 46.9) μmol/L, 6.7(3.1, 26.4) μmol/L, 15.4(13.5, 18.1)s, 78.6% (22/28), the differences were statistically significant significance (all P<0.05). Multivariate logistic analysis showed that patients with HBV infection ( OR=4.593, 95% CI: 1.128-18.708) and intraoperative blood loss ≥1 000 ml ( OR=2.200, 95% CI: 1.106-4.378) were the hepatic alveolar echinococcoisis independent risk factors for postoperative complications. There were no significant differences in total bilirubin and albumin between the three groups of patients with different HBV-DNA levels ( P>0.05). Conclusion:Patients with HBV and hepatic alveolar echinococcoisis have worse liver function and are more prone to complications after surgical resection, but there is no significant difference in liver function among patients with different HBV-DNA levels.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-868819

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of 125I particles in alveolar echinococcosis with the animal model (nude mice and Sprague Dawley rats). Methods:Twenty 10 weeks nude mice with body weight ranged from 20 to 24 g were divided into three groups. Sixteen nude mice were divided into experimental group ( n=8), puncture group ( n=4) and model group ( n=4). There was no intervention in the model group and only particle puncture needle was used in the puncture group. 125I particles were implanted in the experimental group. 14 male Sprague Dawley rats without specific pathogen, with body weight 280-320 g, 12 weeks old, were used to construct the model of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis. Then the rats were divided into intervention group ( n=10) and control group ( n=4). In the intervention group, 125I particles were pushed into the lesions. The abdomen was only open and closed in the control group. All the mice were sacrificed 45 days after intervention. The tumor size was measured. The activity of protoscolex and pathological changes of Echinococcus multilocularis in each group were observed. Results:At the timepoint of 22nd, 30th and 40th day of intervention, the largest diameter of tumor in nude mice experimental group was (10.7±5.2) mm, (10.9±5.0) mm, (8.5±4.3) mm, smaller than that in puncture group (24.5±4.4) mm, (25.4±4.1) mm, (31.4±2.8) mm and model group (22.5±7.3) mm, (25.0±5.4) mm, (26.7±6.3) mm, with statistically significant difference ( P<0.05). The number and activity of protoscoleces in experimental group were lower than those in puncture group and model group. Under the light microscope, the structure of echinococcus vesiculae and its body in the experimental group was obviously destroyed, and the cuticle and germinal layer of echinococcus vesiculae in the puncture group and the model group were normal, with multiple intact protoscoleces. The pathological changes of Sprague Dawley rats in the intervention group and the control group were basically the same as those in the nude mice model. Conclusion:The 125I particle radiation effect can kill Echinococcus multilocularis protoscoleces and inhibit the growth of alveolar echinococcosis.

4.
Chongqing Medicine ; (36): 3989-3991, 2013.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-441115

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the expression of osteopontin (OPN)and matrix metalloproteinase-2(MMP-2)in hepatic alveolar echinococcosis(HAE) ,and explore the role of OPN and MMP-2 in the invasion and metastasis of HAE infection .Methods Expression of OPN and MMP-2 in HAE tissues from 69 patients within12 nomral liver tissues .HAE were detected using SP im-munohistochemical technique ,the correlation between OPN and MMP-2 expression and clinieopahtologic features was analyzed .Re-sults OPN and MMP-2 mainly distributed in the cyst wall about granuloma inflammatory cells of HAE and and the peripheral por-tion of stromal cell and liver cells ,the positive expression rate in HAE focus and normal liver tissue at the juncti-on of the invasive margin the most obvious .The results showed that the positive rates of OPN and MMP-2 in HAE tissue were 72 .5% (50/69)and 59 .4% (41/69) ,respectively ,and in normal liver tissue were 16 .7% (2/12) and 8 .3% (1/12) ,respectively .The positive rates of OPN and MMP-2 in HAE were significantly higher than those in normal liver tissue(P<0 .01) .The positive rates of OPN and P21 in HAE tissues with metastasis were 86 .8% (33/38)and 76 .3% (29/38) ,respectively ,which were significantly higher than those without metastasis of OPN and MMP-2 positive expression rate of 54 .8% (17/31) and 38 .7% (12/31) ,(P<0 .01) .The positive expression of OPN and MMP-2 were not related to the size of tumor bulk ,HBsAg ,gender ,age and nation of tumor .Rank correlated analysis showed that OPN and MMP-2 were positive correlated(r=0 .36 ,P<0 .01) .Conclusion OPN and MMP-2 mainly distrib-utes in the cyst wall about granuloma inflammatory cells of HAE and and the peripheral portion of liver cells ,the positive expres-sion rate in HAE and normal liver tissue at the junction of the invasive margin the most obvious ,which might be invasion and me-tastasis of HAE .

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