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Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12)1999.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-543334

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the efficacy and safety in treatment of patients with mild to moderate Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Methods A total of 233 patients with mild to moderate potential AD were enrolled in a 16-week multi-center double blind clinical trial. All patients were randomized into two groups. 110 patients in galantamine group and 108 patients in donepezil group were enrolled in efficacy analysis. The scales of Alzheimer’s Disease Assessment Scale-Cognitive Subscale (ADAS-cog), Alzheimer’s Disease Cooperative Study Activities of Daily Living Scale (ADCS-ADL) and The Neuropsychiatric Inventory (NPI) were used to assess the effect at both baseline and the end of 16 weeks. Safety issues, including vital signs, lab assays and ECG examinations were measured. Results Patients in both groups were obviously improved in the total score of ADAS-cog (-5.4?6.4) in the galantamine group and (-4.0?7.3) in the donepezil group, P=0.098). 76% patients of the galantamine group had a score of ADAS-cog less than 20 at the end of 16 weeks treatment, which was higher than that of the donepezil group (58%, P=0.015). The sub-score of speech ability in ADAS-cog were improved in the galantamine group (baseline 2.8?2.9,16 weeks 1.8?2.5) compared with the donepezil group (baseline 2.8?3.0, 16 weeks 2.3?2.9, P=0.035). No significant difference of ADSC-ADL and NPI scale was found between the two groups (P=0.447 and 0.936 respectively). The sleep/night behavior was improved in the donepezil group (baseline 14%, 16 weeks 10%) compared with the galantamine group (baseline 23%, 16 weeks 22%, P=0.012). Two drug-related severe adverse events occurred during the trial, which were platelet reduction in the galantamine group and acute drug-induced hepatic injury in the donepezil group. The incidence of adverse events was 44% in the galantamine group and 47% in the donepezil group respectively. Galantamine had little influence on vital signs and lab assays. Conclusion Safe and well tolerated, galantamine improves the cognition, activities of daily living and neuropsychiatric symptoms of patients with mild to moderate AD.

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