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1.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 22: e210046, 2022. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1365231

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective To describe and evaluate the xylitol products' applicability and its effects in the health area worldwide utilizing a bibliometric analysis from randomized controlled trials (RCT) with humans. Material and Methods Electronic searches were carried out in Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and VHL databases. The main data extracted were: year, area of applicability, type of treatment, country, journal, xylitol posology and concentration, presentation form, outcomes, and effects. Results From 1476 studies, 257 were included. These studies were published between 1973-2021. The majority was carried out in dentistry (73.9%) and under preventive treatment (67.4%). These studies were developed in the USA (15.4%) and published in Caries Research (6.6%). The posology and concentration ranged between 0.004-67 g/day and 0.002-100%, respectively. The xylitol is usually used in the chewing gum form (44.0%), and for antimicrobial activity evaluation (38.5%). A positive effect was observed in 204 studies (79.3%) and was associated with xylitol concentration ≥ 15(p=0.007). Side effects were reported in 8.2and were associated with posology ≥ 5 g/day (p=0.03). Conclusion Most studies with xylitol were conducted to prevent diseases in the dentistry field. The chewing gum form and antimicrobial activity evaluation were more frequent. Most xylitol products have a positive effect, and few studies report side effects.


Subject(s)
Therapeutics , Xylitol/therapeutic use , Bibliometrics , Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic , Chewing Gum , Anti-Infective Agents , Brazil , Chi-Square Distribution , Oral Health/education , Data Interpretation, Statistical
2.
Bol. latinoam. Caribe plantas med. aromát ; 20(5): 536-557, sept. 2021. tab, ilus
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1369226

ABSTRACT

This study determined phytochemical composition, antifungal activity and toxicity in vitro and in vivo of Syzygium cumini leaves extract (Sc). Thus, was characterized by gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry and submitted to determination of Minimum Inhibitory (MIC) and Fungicidal concentrations (MFC) on reference and clinical strains of Candida spp. and by growth kinetics assays. Toxicity was verified using in vitro assays of hemolysis, osmotic fragility, oxidant and antioxidant activity in human erythrocytes and by in vivo acute systemic toxicity in Galleria mellonella larvae. Fourteen different compounds were identified in Sc, which showed antifungal activity (MIC between 31.25-125µg/mL) with fungistatic effect on Candida. At antifungal concentrations, it demonstrated low cytotoxicity, antioxidant activity and neglible in vivotoxicity. Thus, Sc demonstrated a promising antifungal potential, with low toxicity, indicating that this extract can be a safe and effective alternative antifungal agent.


Este estudio determinó la composición fitoquímica, la actividad antifúngica y la toxicidad in vitro e in vivo del extracto de hojas de Syzygium cumini (Sc). Así, se caracterizó mediante cromatografía de gases acoplada a espectrometría de masas y se sometió a determinación de Concentraciones Mínimas Inhibitorias (CMI) y Fungicidas (MFC) sobre cepas de referencia y clínicas de Candida spp. y mediante ensayos de cinética de crecimiento. La toxicidad se verificó mediante ensayos in vitro de hemólisis, fragilidad osmótica, actividad oxidante y antioxidante en eritrocitos humanos y por toxicidad sistémica aguda in vivo en larvas de Galleria mellonella. Se identificaron catorce compuestos diferentes en Sc, que mostraron actividad antifúngica (CMI entre 31.25-125 µg/mL) con efecto fungistático sobre Candida. En concentraciones antifúngicas, demostró baja citotoxicidad, actividad antioxidante y toxicidad in vivo insignificante. Por lo tanto, Sc demostró un potencial antifúngico prometedor, con baja toxicidad, lo que indica que este extracto puede ser un agente antifúngico alternativo seguro y eficaz.


Subject(s)
Humans , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Plant Extracts/chemistry , Syzygium/chemistry , Antifungal Agents/pharmacology , Antifungal Agents/chemistry , Candida/drug effects , Plant Extracts/toxicity , Microbial Sensitivity Tests , Toxicity Tests , Plant Leaves/chemistry , Phenolic Compounds/analysis , Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry , Antifungal Agents/toxicity , Antioxidants
3.
Braz. dent. j ; 32(4): 62-73, July-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1345511

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the in vitro effect of a single application of experimental nanocomposite solutions on the prevention of dental caries around orthodontic brackets. The specimens were exposed to mesoporous silica (MS) nanocomposites containing fluoride by association with titanium tetrafluoride (TiF4) or sodium fluoride (NaF). Nanocomposites also could contain calcium and groups were described as MSCaTiF4, MSTiF4, MSCaNaF, MSNaF, and controls (TiF4, and NaF). Specimens were subjected to the formation of a multispecies biofilm to generate a cariogenic challenge. After 24h, both pH and total soluble fluoride concentration of the culture medium were assessed. Mineral loss was evaluated by percentage of surface mineral loss (%SML), mineral volume variation (ΔZ) of inner enamel and polarized light microscopy (PL). Linear (Ra) and volumetric (Sa) surface roughness and scanning electronic microscopy (SEM) were used to assess enamel topography. Statistical analyses were conducted considering p<0.05. MSNaF had the highest value of culture medium pH after cariogenic challenge, similarly to MSTiF4. All nanocomposite solutions released less fluoride than their controls NaF and TiF4 (p<0.05). All nanocomposite solutions presented lower %SML compared to their respective control groups (p<0.05). Lower Ra, Sa and ΔZ were observed for experimental groups compared to TiF4 (p<0.05). The results were confirmed by PL and SEM analysis. The experimental nanocomposite solutions contributed for lower enamel demineralization around orthodontic brackets.


RESUMO Este estudo teve como objetivo avaliar o efeito in vitro de uma única aplicação de soluções experimentais de nanocompósitos na prevenção de cárie dentária em braquetes ortodônticos. Os espécimes foram expostos a nanocompósitos de sílica mesoporosa (MS) contendo fluoreto por associação com tetrafluoreto de titânio (TiF4) ou fluoreto de sódio (NaF). Os nanocompósitos também podem conter cálcio e os grupos foram descritos como MSCaTiF4, MSTiF4, MSCaNaF, MSNaF e controles (TiF4 e NaF). Os espécimes foram submetidos à formação de um biofilme multiespécie para gerar um desafio cariogênico. Após 24h, o pH e a concentração de flúor solúvel total do meio de cultura foram avaliados. A perda mineral foi avaliada pela porcentagem de perda mineral superficial (% SML), variação do volume mineral (ΔZ) do esmalte interno e microscopia de luz polarizada (PL). A rugosidade superficial linear (Ra) e volumétrica (Sa) e a microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV) foram utilizadas para avaliar a topografia do esmalte. As análises estatísticas foram realizadas considerando p <0,05. MSNaF apresentou o maior valor de pH do meio de cultura após o desafio cariogênico, semelhante ao MSTiF4. Todas as soluções de nanocompósitos liberaram menos flúor do que seus controles NaF e TiF4 (p <0,05). Todas as soluções de nanocompósitos apresentaram% SML menor em comparação com seus respectivos grupos de controle (p <0,05). Ra, Sa e ΔZ menores foram observados para os grupos experimentais em comparação ao TiF4 (p <0,05). Os resultados foram confirmados por análises PL e SEM. As soluções experimentais de nanocompósitos contribuíram para a menor desmineralização do esmalte ao redor dos braquetes ortodônticos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Tooth Demineralization , Orthodontic Brackets , Dental Caries/prevention & control , Nanocomposites , Sodium Fluoride , Titanium , Cariostatic Agents , Dental Enamel , Fluorides
4.
Rev. Bras. Odontol. Leg. RBOL ; 8(1): [78-87], 20210427.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS | ID: biblio-1281478

ABSTRACT

Introdução: A COVID-19 é uma doença de etiologia viral associada à infecção causada pelo novo coronavírus. Devido ao seu padrão de transmissão, foram estabelecidas novas medidas de biossegurança. O uso dos equipamentos de proteção individual (EPI) é fundamental para controle da disseminação da doença, inclusive durante a realização de exames periciais nos Institutos Oficiais de Perícias (IOP). Objetivo: Analisar os custos das medidas de biossegurança adotadas a partir da pandemia do COVID-19 nos IOP do Brasil. Material e Método: O estudo consiste em uma avaliação econômica parcial do tipo microcusteio. A coleta foi realizada para estimar os custos diretos incorridos da adoção de novas normas de biossegurança, considerando uma equipe de necropsia de um IOP. Adotou-se a perspectiva do gestor do IOP e seguiram-se as práticas recomendadas pela REBRATS. A estimativa dos custos foi calculada por turno. Foi considerado um cenário mais otimista (-20% dos custos) e mais pessimista (+20% dos custos). Resultados: O valor total por turno variou de R$106,93 a R$160,39 segundo análise de sensibilidade. Será necessário investir, em média, R$100.000,00 anuais para cada IOP. Considerando a despesa do funcionário, na ausência de fornecimento de EPI pela gestão, o valor médio por turno foi de R$57,62. Conclusão: Os custos para adoção das novas medidas de biossegurança nos IOP durante a pandemia do COVID-19 são onerosos. Anualmente, o investimento representa um montante significativo, porém indispensável para garantir a segurança da equipe e o adequado fornecimento do serviço.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Containment of Biohazards , Costs and Cost Analysis , Forensic Dentistry , COVID-19
5.
Saúde debate ; 45(128): 152-163, jan.-mar. 2021. tab
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1252224

ABSTRACT

RESUMO A rede de atenção à Saúde Bucal (SB) se ampliou com a Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal, sendo os indicadores ferramentas para avaliar conquistas ou necessidade de mudanças. Este trabalho objetivou analisar indicadores de SB da Atenção Básica por tipo de organização das unidades de saúde em Recife, 2018. Trata-se de um estudo transversal, de natureza descritiva e analítica com base em dados secundários. Analisou-se a associação entre tipos de organização da Atenção Básica (Unidade de Saúde da Família - USF; Upinha e Unidade Básica Tradicional - UBT) e indicadores assistenciais de SB, através dos testes qui-quadrado e Kruskal-Wallis (p<0,05). A cobertura de primeira consulta odontológica e os procedimentos odontológicos per capita apresentaram mediana maior nas UBT, 31,8% (p=0,00) e 0,6 (p=0,127), respectivamente. A proporção de exodontia e procedimentos clínicos foi maior nas USF com mediana 8,2% (p=0,703). As USF foram as que realizaram o maior número de atividades coletivas de escovação dental supervisionada (45,3%, p=0,082) e aplicação de flúor (44,6%, p=0,174). Conclui-se que as UBT apresentaram melhores resultados nos indicadores relacionados ao acesso ao tratamento clínico e as USF realizaram mais ações coletivas de prevenção.


ABSTRACT The Oral Health care network (OH) has expanded with the National Oral Health Policy, and the indicators are tools to assess achievements or the need for changes. This study aimed to analyze the OH indicators of Primary Care Basic by health units organization type in Recife, 2018. This is a cross-sectional, quantitative, descriptive and analytical study, based on secondary data. The association between organization type of Primary Care (Family Health Unity/USF; Upinha and Traditional Basic Health Unit/UBT) and OH assistance indicators was analyzed using the chi-square and Kruskal-Wallis tests (p<0,05). The first dental appointment coverage and the average number of procedures per capita showed a higher median in the UBT, 31,8% (p=0,00) and 0,6 (p=0,127), respectively. The tooth extraction proportion was higher in the USF, with a median of 8,2% (p=0,703). The USF were the ones that performed the largest number of collective activities of supervised tooth brushing (45.3%, p=0.082) and fluoride application (44.6%, p=0.174). It is concluded that the UBT showed better results in the indicators related to access to clinical treatment and the USF performed more collective activities.

6.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1346680

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Objective: To evaluate the influence of tooth loss and the use of removable dentures on chewing function and nutritional status of institutionalized elders. Material and Methods: Cross-sectional study with 155 elders from seven long-stay institutions in João Pessoa, Brazil. The participants were classified according to the presence of reminiscent teeth and use of dentures in four levels: toothless, without denture (1); toothless with a complete denture (2); partial toothless without denture (3) and partial toothless with a partial denture (4). Nutritional status was assessed using the Mini-Nutritional Assessment (MNA) instrument and the Body Mass Index (BMI). Swallowing threshold was used for the assessment of masticatory function, using a portion of roasted peanuts (3.7 g). Comparisons among groups were performed using Kruskal-Wallis test with Bonferroni adjustment, considering p<0.05. Results: MNA (p=0.702) and BMI (p=0.884) were not modified in relation to the presence of teeth and denture use. Toothless individuals without dentures had a lower swallowing threshold (p<0.001), whilst partial toothless with dentures had better masticatory function (p>0.05). Conclusion: The presence of reminiscent teeth and the use of dentures do not influence the nutritional status of the elders but interfere with the masticatory function. Prosthetic rehabilitation is desirable for complete toothless individuals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brazil , Nutritional Status , Denture, Complete , Denture, Partial, Removable , Homes for the Aged , Mastication/physiology , Aged , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies/methods , Mouth, Edentulous , Statistics, Nonparametric
7.
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1287484

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the estimates obtained, considering or not the weighting data. Material and Methods: Secondary data from the Oral Health Survey of the State of São Paulo (SBSP2015) was used for calculation of mean estimates, standard errors of the mean and confidence intervals (CI) for the DMFT index and components (decayed, lost and filled), in the age group of 35-44 years. Multiple logistic regression models were estimated, considering or not the weighting from the sampling plan (p<0.05). Results: It was observed that the estimates of the DMFT index and the carious component did not vary much when the design was considered or not (1.1% and 2.0%, respectively). However, the data referring to the lost and filled component showed greater differences between the values of the means. The averages fluctuated up and down by up to 6.7% for weighted versus unweighted analyses. The standard error was underestimated in the unweighted analysis and the confidence interval showed variations. Differences between the regression models obtained by the weighted and unweighted analysis of the data were detected. Conclusion: Although weighted and unweighted models presented differences of less than 10% in estimates of the mean, confidence intervals, as well as statistical inferences, were different. Thus, weighting should be applied in the population base data analysis collected by sampling with complex designs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , DMF Index , Oral Health/statistics & numerical data , Data Interpretation, Statistical , Public Health Systems Research , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Surveys and Questionnaires
8.
Epidemiol. serv. saúde ; 30(3): e2020444, 2021. tab, graf
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1339861

ABSTRACT

Resumo Objetivo: Investigar os fatores associados ao não acesso em saúde bucal no Brasil. Métodos: Estudo transversal, sobre dados da avaliação externa do Programa Nacional de Melhoria do Acesso e da Qualidade da Atenção Básica, em 2014 e 2018, mediante regressão logística multivariada hierarquizada. Definiu-se como 'não acesso' quando o usuário não consegue marcar consulta com cirurgião-dentista. Resultados: Foram analisados dados de 37.262 indivíduos do segundo ciclo (2014) e 117.570 do terceiro ciclo (2018). Maior chance de não acesso ocorreu para residentes em municípios mais desiguais e com menor cobertura de saúde bucal, deslocamento para a unidade de saúde superior a 11 minutos, sexo feminino, idade entre 25 e 39 anos e renda de até 1 salário mínimo. Conclusão: O não acesso associou-se a fatores municipais, como maior desigualdade; fatores organizacionais, como menor cobertura e tempo de deslocamento até a unidade; e fatores individuais, como sexo, idade e renda.


Resumen Objetivo: Investigar los factores asociados a la falta de acceso a la salud bucal en Brasil. Métodos: Estudio transversal, con datos de la evaluación externa del Programa de Mejoramiento del Acceso y la Calidad de la Atención Primaria (2014 y 2018), mediante regresión logística multivariable jerárquica. La categoría 'sin acceso' se definió cuando el usuario no consiguió concertar una consulta con un cirujano dentista. Resultados: Analizamos datos de 37.262 (2014) y 117.570 (2018) individuos. Se encontró una mayor probabilidad de no acceso para quienes: vivían en municipios con más desigualdad y con menor cobertura de salud bucal, cuyo tiempo de viaje a la unidad era superior a 11 minutos; mujeres, entre 25 y 39 años e ingresos de hasta 1 sueldo mínimo. Conclusión: La falta de acceso se asoció con factores municipales como mayor desigualdad; factores organizacionales como menor cobertura y tiempo de viaje a la unidad; y factores individuales como sexo, edad e ingresos.


Abstract Objective: To investigate factors associated with non-access to oral health in Brazil. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study of data from external evaluations of the National Primary Care Access and Quality Improvement Program (2014 and 2018), using hierarchical multivariate logistic regression. 'Non-access' was defined as the service user not being able to make an appointment with a dentist. Results: We analyzed data on 37.262 individuals (2014 sample) and on a further 117.570 individuals (2018 sample). Greater likelihood of non-access was found for those who live in municipalities with greater inequalities and with less oral health coverage, those whose travel time to the health center is more than 11 minutes, being female, being aged between 25 and 39 years and those whose income was up to 1 minimum wage. Conclusion: Non-access was associated with municipal factors such as greater inequality; organizational factors such as less oral health coverage and travel time to the health center; and individual factors such as sex, age and income.

9.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e042, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1249377

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to analyze the influence of socioeconomic factors on the frequency of diagnoses of oral mucosal changes and the number of hospitalized patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer in Brazil. This cross-sectional study analyzed data from all Brazilian cities in the period 2011-2017. The frequency of diagnoses of oral mucosal changes and the number of hospitalized patients of oral and oropharyngeal cancer in Brazil were extracted from the Primary Care Information System (SIAB) and Brazilian National Cancer Institute (INCA) databases. The socioeconomic factors evaluated were the Gini coefficient of inequality, municipal Human Development Index (MHDI), inadequate basic sanitation rate, employment rate, illiteracy rate and expected years of schooling. Associated factors were examined using bivariate Spearman's correlations and multivariate Poisson regressions, and statistically significant (p < 0.05) correlations between study variables and regression coefficients were obtained. A higher frequency of diagnoses of mucosal changes was observed in cities with a higher Gini coefficient (B = 11.614; p < 0.001), higher MHDI (B = 11.298; p < 0.001), and higher number of hospitalized patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer (B = 0.001, p < 0.002). Cities with higher Gini coefficients (B = 8.159, p < 0.001), higher inadequate basic sanitation rates (B = 0.09, p = 0.001), lower expected years of schooling (B = -0.718, p < 0.001), and higher illiteracy rates (B = 0.191, p < 0.001) had a higher frequency of hospitalized patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer. In conclusion, more developed cities showed a higher frequency of diagnoses of mucosal changes. Greater inequality and worse socioeconomic conditions are associated with a higher frequency of hospitalized patients with oral and oropharyngeal cancer in Brazil.


Subject(s)
Mouth Neoplasms/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cities
10.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 35: e015, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1142616

ABSTRACT

Abstract This study aimed to evaluate the correlation between two Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) questionnaires (the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14) and the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI)) and to investigate the factors associated with the OHRQoL of institutionalized elderly individuals. A cross-sectional multicenter study was performed with 344 institutionalized elderly individuals residing in two Brazilian cities. Six trained researchers interviewed the elderly individuals. Sociodemographic data were collected from medical records. Dental caries experience and the use of and need for dentures were recorded through oral examination performed by two trained examiners. A Likert scale (1-5 points) was used to assess general health and self-perceived oral health. The number of chewing cycles needed to chew a portion of peanuts was used to assess the swallowing threshold. The OHIP-14 and GOHAI were used to evaluate OHRQoL, and statistically significant correlations were assessed using Spearman's correlation test (p < 0.05). Poisson regression (p < 0.05) was used to investigate the association of OHRQoL with independent variables. Scores on the OHIP-14 (7.57 ± 8.63) and GOHAI (32.46 ± 3.85) were strongly and inversely correlated (r2 = -0.671, p < 0.001), although these measures were associated with different factors. A higher OHIP-14 total score (worse OHRQoL) was associated with female gender, a greater number of healthy teeth, worse self-perceived general health and oral health, and a lower swallowing threshold (p < 0.05). A higher GOHAI total score (better OHRQoL) was associated with a greater number of filled teeth, better self-perceived oral health and a greater swallowing threshold (p < 0.05). In conclusion, worse OHRQoL among institutionalized elderly individuals is associated with worse self-perceived oral health and a greater swallowing threshold.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Aged , Quality of Life , Dental Caries , Brazil , Oral Health , Cross-Sectional Studies , Surveys and Questionnaires
11.
Saude e pesqui. (Impr.) ; 13(4): 715-722, set-dez 2020.
Article in Portuguese | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1150628

ABSTRACT

O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliaro acúmulo de biofilme visível e verificar os fatores associados em idosos institucionalizados. Realizou-se um estudo transversal com idosos (n = 193) em instituições de longa permanência (n = 7) da região metropolitana de João Pessoa (PB). A presença de biofilme visível nos dentes e/ou nas próteses dentárias foi considerada como variável dependente. As variáveis independentes do estudo foram: características sociodemográficas, estado físico, hábitos de higiene e presença de agravos bucais. A influência das variáveis independentes sobre as variáveis dependentes foi analisada segundo regressão logística (α < 0,05). Foi possível perceber que a presença de biofilme dental visível (63,3%) está associada com idade superior a 80 anos (OR = 1,53), presença de cálculo dental (OR = 4,91) e frequência de escovação até uma vez ao dia (OR = 1,96). Diante disso, o acúmulo de biofilme visível está associado com avanço da idade, presença de cálculo dental e baixa frequência de higiene.


To evaluate the presence of visible biofilm accumulation and check associated factors in institutionalized elders. We conducted in a cross-sectional study with elders (n=193) from long-term care facilities (n=7) in the metropolitan region of João Pessoa-PB. The presence of visible biofilm in teeth and/or dentures was considered as dependent variable. The independent variables of the study were: socio-demographic characteristics, physical state, hygiene habits, and presence of oral diseases. The influence of independent variables on dependent variables was analyzed according to logistic regression (α<0.05). The presence of visible dental biofilm (IPV) (63.3%) is associated with age over 80 years (PR=1.53), presence of dental calculus (OR=4,91) and brushing frequency up to once a day (OR=1.96). The increase in visible biofilm is associated with advancing age, presence of dental calculus and low frequency of hygiene.

12.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20(supl.1): e0139, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135583

ABSTRACT

Abstract Objective: To compare the offer and use of oral health services in primary care, before and after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. Material and Methods: An observational study with a cross-sectional ecological design, using data from the Health Information System for Primary Care. Data regarding the number of Oral Health Teams (OHT), Oral Health Coverage in Primary Care (OHC), number of First Programmatic Dental Consultations (FPDC), and number of visits due to dental abscess and toothache were collected. Data regarding the 26 Brazilian states and Federal District were collected, as consolidated of the first quarter (January to April) of 2019 and of 2020. The median of the difference (MD) and the percentage of variation (%V) were obtained for each variable and were compared by Wilcoxon test (α<0.05). Results: An increase in the number of OHT was observed in 25 states (MD=45; %V=6.13; p<0.001), whilst the OHC increased in 17 states (MD=1.01; %V=1.62; p=0.035) between the 2019 and 2020. We also verified a significant reduction in the number of FPDC (MD=- 42.806; %V=-38.70; p<0.001), as well as in the number of visits due to dental abscess (MD=-1.032; %V=-29.04; p=0.002) and due to toothache (MD=-14.445; %V=-32.68; p<0.001). Conclusion: Although an expansion of OHT and OHC between 2019 and 2020 was verified, the offer and use of oral health services in primary care has decreased due to the COVID-19 pandemic.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Brazil/epidemiology , Oral Health/education , Pandemics , COVID-19 , Health Services Accessibility , Statistics, Nonparametric , Ecological Studies , Health Information Systems , Observational Study
13.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 20(supl.1): e0133, 2020. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1135572

ABSTRACT

Abstract COVID-19 pandemic implied new biosafety recommendations to avoid dissemination of SARS-CoV-2 virus within healthcare centers. Changes on recommended personal protective equipment (PPE), decontamination protocols and organization of patient demand resulted may result in cost variation. Based on this, the present study aimed to evaluate the economic impact of new biosafety recommendations for oral healthcare assistance during COVID-19. An Activity Based Costing evaluation was used to calculate the acquisition of PPE and decontamination solutions recommended for dental practice during COVID-19 pandemic in Brazil. PPE and decontamination solutions quantity and frequency of use were based on the newly COVID-19 recommendations. Costs (in Brazilian Real - R$) for biosafety recommendations pre- and post-COVID-19 were outlined and calculated for each patient, service shift and year. A sensitivity analysis considered 20% variation of direct costs. Previously to COVID-19 pandemic, direct costs of biosafety recommendations consisted of R$0.84 per patient, R$6.69 per service shift and R$3,413.94 per year. Post-COVID-19 costs of biosafety recommendations resulted in R$16.01 per patient, R$128.07 per service shift, and R$32,657.96 per year. Yearly costs can vary between R$26,126.37 and R$39,189.56. The annual budget increase necessary to adopt post-COVID biosafety recommendations was R$29,244.02. Newly biosafety recommendations increased significantly the costs of oral healthcare assistance during COVID-19 pandemic. Decision making of healthcare managers must consider rational and equity allocation of financial resources.


Subject(s)
Health Care Costs , Costs and Cost Analysis , Dental Health Services , Personal Protective Equipment/standards , COVID-19 , Health Evaluation , Brazil/epidemiology , Containment of Biohazards , Guidelines as Topic/methods , Delivery of Health Care , Health Manager , Financial Resources in Health , Equity , Pandemics
14.
Braz. oral res. (Online) ; 34: e010, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1055526

ABSTRACT

Abstract Relevant public policies in oral health have been implemented in Brazil since 2004. Changes in the epidemiological status of dental caries are expected, mainly in the child population. This study aimed to assess the dental caries experience and associated factors among 12-year-old children in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. A cross-sectional population-based study was conducted with data obtained from 415 cities, including a total of 26,325 schoolchildren who were included by the double-stage cluster technique, by lot and by systematic sampling. The statistical model included data from the São Paulo Oral Health Survey (SBSP 2015), the Human Development Index (HDI) and the Social Vulnerability Index (SVI). A theoretical-conceptual model categorized the variables into three blocks, namely, contextual (HDI, SVI, region of residence and fluoridation of water), individual (sex and ethnicity) and periodontal conditions (gingival bleeding, dental calculus and the presence of periodontal pockets), for association with the experience of caries (DMFT). Statistically significant associations were verified by hierarchical multivariate logistic (L) and Poisson (P) regression analyses (p < 0.05). The results showed that 57.7% of 12-year-old children had caries experience. Factors that determined a greater prevalence of dental caries in both models were nonwhite ethnicity (ORL = 1.113, ORP = 1.154) and the presence of gingival bleeding (ORL = 1.204, ORP = 1.255). Male children (ORL = 0.920 ORP = 0.859) and higher HDI (ORL = 0.022), ORP = 0.040) were associated with a lower prevalence of dental caries experience. Water fluoridation was associated with a lower DMFT index (ORP = 0.766). Dental caries experience is still associated with social inequalities at different levels. Policymakers should direct interventions towards reducing inequalities and the prevalence of dental caries among 12-year-old children.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Child , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Logistic Models , Periodontal Index , DMF Index , Fluoridation/statistics & numerical data , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Multivariate Analysis , Risk Factors , Sex Distribution , Dental Caries/ethnology , Vulnerable Populations/statistics & numerical data
15.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 148, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1145058

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To estimate the flow of professionals and the financial impact of the Programa Mais Médicos para o Brasil (PMMB - More Doctors for Brazil Program) within the More Doctors Program (MDP) for the Brazilian Ministry of Health and the participating municipalities of the state of São Paulo, from January 2019 to March 2022. METHODS A financial impact study was conducted in the state of São Paulo based on public secondary databases. The number of PMMB vacancies per municipality, of physicians and vulnerability profiles were described to measure the loss of replacement of professionals in the period. RESULTS In the specified period, the number of PMMB physicians in participating cities will decrease from 2,533 to 320, and the number of participating municipalities from 373 to 86. The municipalities that will need to replace the physicians will have a financial impact of R$ 929,487,904.77 (with sensitivity analysis, ranging from R$ 650,641,533.34 to R$ 1,208,334,276.20). CONCLUSION The change of vulnerability methodology adopted for the PMMB will represent serious consequences, that is, less population assistance and high financial impact for the municipalities of the state of São Paulo in a scenario of budget limitations.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Calcular o fluxo de profissionais e o impacto financeiro do Projeto Mais Médicos para o Brasil (PMMB), dentro do Programa Mais Médicos (PMM), para o Ministério da Saúde e os municípios do estado de São Paulo aderentes, no período de janeiro de 2019 a março de 2022. MÉTODOS Realizou-se estudo de impacto financeiro a partir de bases de dados secundários públicos do estado de São Paulo. O número de vagas do PMMB por município, de médicos do projeto e os perfis de vulnerabilidade foram descritos para dimensionar a perda de reposição de profissionais no período. RESULTADOS No intervalo de tempo especificado, o número de médicos do PMMB em cidades a ele aderentes passará de 2.533 para 320, e o número de municípios participantes de 373 para 86. O impacto orçamentário para os municípios que necessitarão repor médicos será de R$ 929.487.904,77 (com análise de sensibilidade variando de R$ 650.641.533,34 a R$ 1.208.334.276,20). CONCLUSÃO A mudança de metodologia da vulnerabilidade adotada para o PMMB trará sérias consequências, ou seja, desassistência da população e alto impacto financeiro para os municípios do estado de São Paulo em um cenário de limitações orçamentárias.


Subject(s)
Humans , Physicians/supply & distribution , Education, Medical/economics , Brazil , Program Evaluation , Cities
16.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 54: 99, 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1139482

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To monitor the number of oral health teams implemented in the Family Health Strategy after National Primary Care Policy 2017. METHODS This is a study of quantitative, descriptive and analytical nature that used the data from the public reports of the history of oral health coverage available in the e-Manager platform of Primary Care of the Ministry of Health of all Brazilian municipalities (5,570). The survival rate of the municipalities that did not reduce the number of oral health teams was analyzed according to the region of the country, human development index, Gini inequality index and population size. Cox regression was used to analyze the factors associated with the decrease in the number of teams implanted after 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 months of publication of the 2017 national policy ordinance, considering the hazard ratio (HR) and p < 0.05. RESULTS After 21 months of publication of the policy, 6.7% of Brazilian municipalities reduced the number of oral health teams. This reduction was higher in the South (6.7%) and Northeast (4.8%), in municipalities with the highest human development index, i.e., greater than or equal to 0.7 (5.6%), more unequal in terms of income distribution (Gini index > 0.62) and larger population size (more than 100,000 inhabitants). Municipalities in the Northeast (HR = 1.220) and South (HR = 1.771) regions had a higher chance of reducing the number of teams compared with those in the North region. More unequal municipalities (HR = 6.405) and with larger population size (HR = 4.273) were also more likely to reduce the coverage of oral health teams. CONCLUSION The municipalities that reduced the number of oral health teams in the Family Health Strategy are from the South and Northeast regions, with greater social inequality and larger population size. This scenario can significantly affect the population's access to dental health services in the Unified Health System, especially among those in need.


RESUMO OBJETIVO Realizar um monitoramento do quantitativo de equipes de saúde bucal implantadas na Estratégia Saúde da Família após a Política Nacional de Atenção Básica 2017. METODOLOGIA Estudo de natureza quantitativa, descritiva e analítica que utilizou os dados dos relatórios públicos do histórico de cobertura de saúde bucal disponível na plataforma e-Gestor da Atenção Básica do Ministério da Saúde de todos os municípios brasileiros (5.570). A sobrevida dos municípios que não reduziram o quantitativo de equipes de saúde bucal foi analisada segundo a região do país, índice de desenvolvimento humano, índice de desigualdade de Gini e porte populacional. A regressão de Cox foi utilizada para analisar os fatores associados à diminuição do número de equipes implantadas após 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 e 21 meses da publicação da portaria da política nacional de 2017, considerando-se a hazard ratio (HR) e p < 0,05. RESULTADOS Após 21 meses de publicação da política, 6,7% dos municípios brasileiros reduziram a quantidade de equipes de saúde bucal. Essa redução foi maior nas regiões Sul (6,7%) e Nordeste (4,8%), nos municípios com índice de desenvolvimento humano mais alto, ou seja, maior ou igual a 0,7 (5,6%), mais desiguais quanto à distribuição de renda (índice de Gini > 0,62) e de maior porte populacional (mais de 100.000 habitantes). Municípios das regiões Nordeste (HR = 1,220) e Sul (HR = 1,771) apresentaram maior chance de redução do número de equipes comparados aos da região Norte. Municípios mais desiguais (HR = 6,405) e com maior porte populacional (HR = 4,273) também apresentaram maior chance de reduzir a cobertura de equipes de saúde bucal. CONCLUSÃO Os municípios que reduziram a quantidade de equipes de saúde bucal na Estratégia Saúde da Família são das regiões Sul e Nordeste, com maior desigualdade social e maior porte populacional. Esse cenário pode impactar significativamente o acesso da população aos serviços de saúde bucal do Sistema Único de Saúde, principalmente entre os que mais necessitam.


Subject(s)
Humans , Primary Health Care , Oral Health , Health Policy , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil , Cities
17.
Ciênc. Saúde Colet ; 25(6): 2177-2192, Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1101029

ABSTRACT

Abstract This systematic review compared the oral health status between institutionalized and non-institutionalized elders. The following electronic databases were searched: PubMed (Medline), Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs and Cochrane Library, in a comprehensive and unrestricted manner. Electronic searches retrieved 1687 articles, which were analyzed with regards to respective eligibility criteria. After reading titles and abstracts, five studies were included and analyzed with respect their methodological quality. Oral status of institutionalized and non-institutionalized elderly was compared through meta-analysis. Included articles involved a cross-sectional design, which investigated 1936 individuals aged 60 years and over, being 999 Institutionalized and 937 non-institutionalized elders. Studies have investigated the prevalence of edentulous individuals, the dental caries experience and the periodontal status. Meta-analysis revealed that institutionalized elderly have greater prevalence of edentulous (OR = 2.28, 95%CI = 1.68-3.07) and higher number of decayed teeth (MD = 0.88, 95%CI = 0.71-1.05) and missed teeth (MD = 4.58, 95%CI = 1.89-7.27). Poor periodontal status did not differ significantly between groups. Compared to non-institutionalized, institutionalized elders have worse dental caries experience.


Resumo Esta revisão sistemática comparou o estado de saúde bucal entre idosos institucionalizados e não institucionalizados. As seguintes bases de dados eletrônicas foram pesquisadas: PubMed (Medline), Scopus, Web of Science, Lilacs e Cochrane Library, de forma abrangente e irrestrita. Pesquisas eletrônicas recuperaram 1.687 artigos, que foram analisados com relação aos respectivos critérios de elegibilidade. Após a leitura de títulos e resumos, cinco estudos foram incluídos e analisados quanto à qualidade metodológica. A condição bucal de idosos institucionalizados e não institucionalizados foi comparada por meio de meta-análise. Os artigos incluídos envolveram um delineamento transversal, que investigou 1.936 indivíduos acima de 60 anos, sendo 999 institucionalizados e 937 não institucionalizados. Investigou-se a prevalência de edentulismo, a experiência de cárie e a condição periodontal. A meta-análise revelou que idosos institucionalizados possuem maior prevalência de edentulismo (OR = 2,28, IC95% = 1,68-3,07), maior número de dentes cariados (DM = 0,88, IC95% = 0,71-1,05) e de dentes perdidos (DM = 4.58, IC95% = 1,89-7,27). A condição periodontal ruim não diferiu significativamente entre os grupos. Comparados aos não institucionalizados, os idosos institucionalizados tem pior experiência de cárie.


Subject(s)
Humans , Aged , Oral Health , Dental Caries/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Databases, Factual , Middle Aged
18.
J. health sci. (Londrina) ; 21(2): https://seer.pgsskroton.com/index.php/JHealthSci/article/view/5009, 19/06/2019.
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1051274

ABSTRACT

The emergence of multidrug-resistant strains to antibiotics has motivated the search for new substances with antimicrobial activity, especially those derived from medicinal plants. Salvia officinalis L. is a medicinal plant that arouses scientific interest due to being associated with multiple therapeutic effects. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the in vitro antimicrobial potential of S. officinalis L. against pathogens in the oral cavity. The antimicrobial potential of the ethanol extract of leaf of S. officinalis L was evaluated by broth microdilution, with determination of minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) and Minimum bactericidal/Fungicide concentration (MBC / MFC), against the species Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus sanguis, Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida guillermond, Candida krusei and Candida tropicalis. The extract showed moderate antifungal potential before Candida species (MIC = 1 mg/mL). And for the species of Streptococcus, the antimicrobial activity was from moderate to strong whose MIC ranged from 0.25 to 1 mg/mL. In this study, the extract from the leaves of S. officinalis L. presented oral cavity antimicrobial activity against pathogens. These results point to S. officinalis as a possible source of active ingredients in the development of formulations with antimicrobial activity of dental use. (AU).


O surgimento de cepas multirresistentes a antibióticos tem motivado a busca de novas substâncias com atividade antimicrobiana, especialmente aquelas oriundas de plantas medicinais. A Salvia officinalis L. é uma planta medicinal que desperta interesse científico por estar associada a múltiplos efeitos terapêuticos. O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o potencial antimicrobiano in vitro da S. officinalis L. frente a patógenos da cavidade bucal. O potencial antimicrobiano do extrato etanólico da folha da S. officinalis L foi avaliado por meio da microdiluição em caldo, com determinação da Concentração Inibitória Mínima (CIM) e Concentração Bactericida/Fungicida Mínima (CBM/CFM), frente as espécies Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus sanguis, Candida albicans, Candida glabrata, Candida guillermond, Candida krusei e Candida tropicalis. O extrato apresentou moderado potencial antifúngico frente às espécies de Candida (CIM = 1 mg/mL). Para as espécies de Streptococcus, o potencial antimicrobiano foi considerado forte a moderado, com valores de CIM variando entre 0,25 a 1 mg/mL. Neste estudo, o extrato da folha de S. officinalis L. apresentou potencial antimicrobiano contra patógenos da cavidade bucal. Esses resultados apontam a S. officinalis como uma possível fonte de princípios ativos no desenvolvimento de formulações com atividade antimicrobiana de uso odontológico. (AU).

19.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4005, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-997976

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate in vitro the presence of fluoride in saliva after applying professional use products on the surface of dental enamel. Material and Methods: Experimental groups were composed by: Cariostatic 12% (CA), Fluoridated Varnish 5% (FV), Fluorine Acidulate Gel 1.23% (AG) and Fluorine Neutral Gel 2% (NG). Fluoridated dentifrice (FD) and Artificial Saliva (AS) were used as controls. Products (10 µL) were applied to the surface of bovine enamel blocks (4×4×1 mm, n = 18) and immersed in 10 mL of artificial saliva at room temperature. Aliquots of artificial saliva (750 µL) of each sample were collected 1, 2, 4, 8, 24 and 48 hours after application of the products. Analyses were performed in triplicate, using a fluoride ion-specific electrode coupled to a potentiometer. The equipment was calibrated using a standard curve for fluoride analysis from 0.125 to 64 µgF-/mL. Results: Greater fluoride concentration (µgF-/mL) was observed after 1h application, as follows: 197.40 (NG), 172.21 (AG), 20.25 (CA), 14.49 (FV) e 11.81 (FD). Fluoride concentration increased overtime for all groups. After 48h, the following fluoride concentrations were assessed: 428.12 (AG), 267.25 (NG), 65.36 (FV), and 62.52 (CA). Conclusion: Greater fluoride release was observed for AG and NG groups, mostly after 1h application.


Subject(s)
In Vitro Techniques/methods , Cariostatic Agents , Dental Enamel , Fluorides
20.
Pesqui. bras. odontopediatria clín. integr ; 19(1): 4626, 01 Fevereiro 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-998263

ABSTRACT

Objective: To evaluate in vitro the effect of a red propolis ethanolic extract (RPE) in the prevention of growth of a cariogenic biofilm and its cytotoxic potential. Material and Methods: Minimum inhibitory and bactericidal concentrations (MIC and MBC) of RPE against Streptococcus mutans and Lactobacillus casei were determined. The cytotoxic potential of 0.4% RPE in oral fibroblasts was observed after 1, 3 and 5 min of contact. Cellulose membrane disks (13 mm, N=12) were used for biofilm formation (24 h) of S. mutans and L. casei, which were treated (1 min) with 0.4% RPE or 0.12% Chlorhexidine (CHX). The control group of biofilm formation was not submitted to any treatment. Serial dilutions were then made to evaluate microbial viability. Descriptive data analysis and, for microbial viability, Mann Whitney test were performed (p≤0.05). Results: RPE showed similar MIC and MBC (4.46 mg/mL) against S. mutans and, for L. casei, they were 8.92 mg/mL (MIC) and 17.85 mg/mL (MBC). CHX presented MIC and MBC <0.00002 mg/mL for S. mutans and 0.00047 mg/mL for L. casei. After 1, 3 and 5 min, the RPE exhibited, respectively, 69.38%, 43.91% and 40.36% of viable cells. The RPE (6.55) and CHX (6.87) presented similar efficacy to reduce the total number of viable bacteria (p>0.05). Regarding the total number of viable bacteria (Log10 CFU/mL), the RPE (6.55) and CHX (6.87) presented similar efficacy (p>0.05). Conclusion: Red propolis extract showed antibacterial activity against the tested strains, exhibited acceptable cytotoxicity and reduced the colonization of S. mutans and L. casei in a biofilm membrane model.


Subject(s)
Propolis/pharmacology , In Vitro Techniques/methods , Plant Extracts/therapeutic use , Biofilms , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Brazil , Statistics, Nonparametric
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