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Braz. j. biol ; 83: e251198, 2023. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS, VETINDEX | ID: biblio-1339350


Abstract The present study was designed to investigate the effects of Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extract on different tissues in terms of DNA damage, biochemical and antioxidant parameter values in rats with high-calorie diets. With this aim, Wistar albino male rats were divided into 4 groups containing 6 rats each and the study was completed over 12 weeks duration. At the end of the implementation process over the 12 weeks, rats were sacrificed and blood and tissue samples were obtained. Analyses were performed on blood and tissue samples. According to results for DNA damage (8-OHdG), in brain tissue the OG2 group was significantly reduced compared to the NC group. For MDA results in liver tissue, OG1 and OG2 groups were determined to increase by a significant degree compared to the control group, while the OG2 group was also increased significantly compared to the obese group. In terms of the other parameters, comparison between the groups linked to consumption of a high calorie diet (HCD) and administration of Gundelia tournefortii L. in terms of antioxidant activities and serum samples obtained statistically significant results. Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extracts had effects that may be counted as positive on antioxidant parameter activity and were especially identified to improve DNA damage and MDA levels in brain tissues. Additionally, consumption of Gundelia tournefortii L. plant extract in the diet may have antiobesity effects; thus, it should be evaluated for use as an effective weight-loss method and as a new therapeutic agent targeting obesity.

Resumo O presente estudo foi desenhado para investigar os efeitos do extrato da planta Gundelia tournefortii L. em diferentes tecidos em termos de danos ao DNA, valores de parâmetros bioquímicos e antioxidantes em ratos com dietas hipercalóricas. Com esse objetivo, ratos Wistar albinos machos foram divididos em 4 grupos contendo 6 ratos cada e o estudo foi concluído ao longo de 12 semanas de duração. No final desse processo de implementação, os ratos foram sacrificados e amostras de sangue e tecido foram obtidas. As análises foram realizadas em amostras de sangue e tecido. De acordo com os resultados para danos ao DNA (8-OHdG), no tecido cerebral o grupo OG2 foi significativamente reduzido em comparação com o grupo NC. Para os resultados de MDA no tecido hepático, os grupos OG1 e OG2 aumentaram significativamente em comparação ao grupo controle, enquanto o grupo OG2 também aumentou significativamente em comparação ao grupo obeso. Quanto aos demais parâmetros, a comparação entre os grupos ligados ao consumo de dieta hipercalórica (DC) e à administração de Gundelia tournefortii L. em termos de atividades antioxidantes e amostras de soro obteve resultados estatisticamente significativos. Os extratos de plantas de Gundelia tournefortii L. tiveram efeitos que podem ser considerados positivos na atividade dos parâmetros antioxidantes e foram especialmente identificados para melhorar os danos ao DNA e os níveis de MDA nos tecidos cerebrais. Além disso, o consumo de extrato vegetal de Gundelia tournefortii L. na dieta pode ter efeitos antiobesidade; portanto, deve ser avaliado para uso como um método eficaz de perda de peso e como um novo agente terapêutico voltado para a obesidade.

Animals , Rats , Asteraceae , Antioxidants , DNA Damage , Plant Extracts/pharmacology , Rats, Wistar , Obesity/drug therapy
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2009 Jan-Mar; 27(1): 40-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-53930


T cells have the capability of recognizing target cells through their T cell receptors (TCRs). Thus, the percentages of CD3+/gamma-delta (gammadelta) TCR+ and CD3+/alpha-beta (alphabeta) TCR+ T lymphocytes were investigated in active and inactive pulmonary tuberculosis (PT) patients and in healthy individuals. CD3+ and CD3+/alphabeta TCR+ cell percentages were significantly lower in all PT patients than in healthy subjects. Percentages of CD3+/gammadelta and CD3+/alphabeta TCR+ were not statistically different between active and inactive PT patients. It was concluded that alphabeta TCR+ T cells might have a protective role in tuberculosis infection.

Adult , CD3 Complex/analysis , Blood/immunology , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Receptors, Antigen, T-Cell/immunology , T-Lymphocyte Subsets/immunology , T-Lymphocytes/immunology , Tuberculosis, Pulmonary/immunology , Young Adult
Indian J Med Microbiol ; 2007 Oct; 25(4): 387-90
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-54038


PURPOSE: To determine the serum levels of proinflammatory and some of the Th1/Th2 cytokines in brucellosis and their alterations with treatment and outcome. METHODS: Twenty-eight acute and seven subacute brucellosis patients diagnosed clinically were included in the study. Twenty healthy volunteers were also included. Brucella standard tube agglutination tests and blood culture were conducted on all subjects. Cytokine levels of pre- and post-treatment period serum samples were measured by ELISA. RESULTS: The mean serum levels of IL-6, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha were significantly higher in brucellosis patients compared to the control group ( P < 0.05). No significant differences were found between patient and control groups in terms of IL-1beta , TGF-beta 1, IL-2, IL-4 and IL-8 levels. There was a positive correlation between IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha and IL-6 levels with CRP levels. IL-6, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha levels measured after treatment were statistically significantly lower than pre-treatment values ( P < 0.001). No differences were found in the levels of these cytokines between acute and subacute patients' sera. IL-6, IFN-gamma and TNF-alpha levels were higher in acute or subacute brucellosis patients. CONCLUSIONS: Although the levels of the cytokines were decreased significantly with effective and adequate treatment these alterations did not correlate with the extent or activity of the disease.

Adolescent , Adult , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Brucella/isolation & purification , Brucellosis/drug therapy , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Cytokines/blood , Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged