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Indian J Pediatr ; 1996 Sep-Oct; 63(5): 700-3
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-79578


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a rare primary myocardial disease, characterized by hypertrophy of the left and/or right ventricle. Infants of diabetic mothers (IDM) are at risk for development of HCM, respiratory distress and persistent pulmonary hypertension. A case of severe right sided HCM in an infant born to a diabetic mother is presented. The patient's findings were complementary to the previous observations reporting HCM in IDM. The presence of disproportionate septal hypertrophy in the echocardiography of an infant born to a diabetic mother is highly suggestive of HCM in IDM. In our opinion, further cardiac evaluation is not indicated unless other cardiac abnormalities are suspected.

Cardiomyopathy, Hypertrophic/diagnosis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis , Echocardiography , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypertrophy, Left Ventricular/diagnosis , Infant, Newborn , Male , Pregnancy , Pregnancy in Diabetics/diagnosis , Remission, Spontaneous
Indian J Pediatr ; 1994 Nov-Dec; 61(6): 703-9
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-78791


The differences between breast milk and infant formulas have been a popular subject of many recent studies. Most concern the chemical and biological characteristics of breast milk and infant formulas, but little work has been done about hemodynamic changes in the splanchnic circulation. In term neonates (n = 22) we evaluated the effect of breast milk, adapted cow's milk formula, and nucleotide supplemented cow's milk formula on intestinal blood flow. To determine the blood flow velocity and estimate volume flow, pulsed Doppler ultrasound of the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was performed prefeeding and 15, 45, and 90 minutes following feeding. When pre- and postprandial blood flow features of babies were compared among in their groups according to nutrition post prandial blood flow velocity and volume flow were increased significantly over baseline in all three groups. While there was no significant difference between the postprandial blood flow parameters of the breast milk and adapted cow's milk formula-fed groups, the nucleotide supplemented cow's milk formula-fed group had significantly higher postprandial blood flow velocity and volume flow.

Humans , Infant Food , Infant, Newborn/physiology , Intestines/blood supply , Laser-Doppler Flowmetry , Mesenteric Arteries/physiology , Milk, Human
Indian J Pediatr ; 1993 Mar-Apr; 60(2): 249-55
Article in English | IMSEAR | ID: sea-79147


Children who had undergone adenotonsillectomy for recurrent adenotonsillitis showing no signs of clinical or radiological obstructive manifestations were evaluated with pulmonary function tests before, and one month after the operation. In relation to the result obtained by function tests, 60% of 45 cases (27) had the findings of mild obstructive pulmonary disease whereby these findings were in transient character that vanished after the operation. The following parameters were measured and found that they were all increased, mean FVC from 82.22 +/- 6.82 to 93.11 +/- 7.81 (p < 0.01), mean PEF from 77.60 +/- 8.38 to 88.60 +/- 5.57 (P < 0.01), mean FEVI from 74.28 +/- 11.68 to 90.15 +/- 7.28 (p < 0.01), mean FEF 25 from 71.44 +/- 11.53 to 83.53 +/- 6.40 (p < 0.01), mean FEF 50 from 69.53 +/- 14.53 to 84.37 +/- 7.72 (p < 0.01), mean FEF 75 from 70.08 +/- 12.15 to 85.48 +/- 7.15 (p < 0.01). In conclusion, pulmonary function tests could reveal the obstructive effects of adenotonsillar hypertrophy with no clinical or radiological obstructive findings, and could be useful in surgical indications of adenotonsillar hypertrophy dur to recurrent infections in children.

Adenoidectomy , Adenoids/pathology , Adolescent , Child , Child, Preschool , Female , Humans , Hypertrophy , Male , Recurrence , Respiratory Function Tests , Tonsillectomy , Tonsillitis/physiopathology