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Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 52(3): 555-566, July-Sept. 2016. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-828270


ABSTRACT The present research work was envisaged to develop bilayer tablets to improve therapeutic efficacy of antibiotic combination for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. The combination of two antibiotics i.e. cefixime trihydrate and ofloxacin were used for the preparation of bilayer tablets which act against genito-urinary infections. The formulations comprise of cefixime trihydrate as immediate release layer formulated using different superdisintegrants and ofloxacin as extended release layer containing HPMC K100M. Evaluation of bilayer tablets were performed for the immediate release cefixime layer and sustain release ofloxacin layer with optimization of excipients. The immediate release layer of cefixime showed complete release within 30 min and ofloxacin release was extended up to 24 hours. The similarity factor value of ofloxacin sustained release layer was found to be 87.01 for initial and 80.35 after 3 months stability when compared with marketed reference product. The present study revealed that cefixime trihydrate and ofloxacin bilayer tablets were successfully developed for the use against sexually transmitted infections.

Sexually Transmitted Diseases/prevention & control , Tablets/pharmacokinetics , Cefixime/pharmacokinetics , Hypromellose Derivatives/pharmacokinetics , Ofloxacin/pharmacokinetics
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 48(2): 217-225, Apr.-June 2012. graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-643014


Bitter taste of ofloxacin, a broad spectrum bactericidal agent, is masked and orally disintegrating tablets were formulated. The bitter taste is masked by forming complex between drug and weak cation exchange resins, Tulsion 335 and Indion 204. Effect of pH and drug:resin ratio on the drug loading was studied. Maximum drug loading was observed at pH 6. Ratio of 1:2 of drug:resin masked almost complete bitterness of ofloxacin. Formation of complexes was confirmed by IR spectroscopy. Physical characterization of taste masked complexes was carried out. Present work envisages the taste masking of ofloxacin and development of orally disintegrating tablets. The effect of pH and resin quantities on drug loading were studied to find the optimum conditions of drug loading for complete taste masking. Effect of superdisintegrants like sodium starch glycolate, croscarmellose sodium and polyplasdone XL at varying level on physical parameters of compressed tablets was also assessed. The formulations containing 5 % w/w polyplasdone XL showed about 90 % of drug release within 5 minutes. No significant differences were observed in the physical parameters of resinates as well as tablets prepared from Tulsion 335 and Indion 204.

O gosto amargo de ofloxacina, agente bactericida de largo espectro, é mascarado e formularam-se comprimidos dispersíveis. O sabor amargo é mascarado pela formação de complexo entre o fármaco e resinas de troca catiônica fraca, Tulsion 335 e Indion 204. Efeito do pH e da proporção fármaco: resina sobre a carga de fármaco foi estudada. Carga de fármaco máxima foi observada em pH 6. Proporção 1:2 do fármaco: resina mascarou quase completamente o gosto amargo de ofloxacina. A formação de complexos foi confirmada por espectroscopia no IV. Caracterização física dos complexos de sabor mascarado foi realizada. O presente trabalho preconiza o mascaramento do gosto de ofloxacina e desenvolvimento decomprimidos por via oral, se desintegrando. O efeito do pH e da resina quantidades de carga de fármaco foram estudadas paraencontrar as condições óptimas de carga de fármaco para dissimulação do saborcompleto. Efeito da superdisintegrants como amido glicolato de sódio, croscarmelose sódica e Polyplasdone XL em diferentes níveis de parâmetros físicos de comprimidos também avaliados foi avaliada. As formulações contendo 5 %w/w Polyplasdone XL mostraram cerca de 90% de libertação do fármaco no prazo de 5 minutos. Não foram observadas diferenças significativas nos parâmetros físicos de resinatosbem como comprimidos preparados a partir de Tulsion 335 e Indion 204.

Ion Exchange Resins/pharmacokinetics , Ofloxacin/analysis , Tablets/pharmacokinetics , Hepatocyte Growth Factor/classification
Braz. j. pharm. sci ; 48(1): 69-77, Jan.-Mar. 2012. ilus, graf, tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: lil-622890


Conventional enteric coating requires the use of organic based polymers which are equally hazardous to the environment and operating personnel. Hot-melt coating avoids the use of solvents and is a safer and time-saving process. The present study was designed to assess the efficacy of hot-melt coating (HMC) as an enteric coating technique. Pellets prepared by extrusion spheronization were selected as the core formulation for a model of the gastric irritant drug diclofenac sodium (DFS) because of their innate advantages over single-unit formulations. Stearic acid (SA) and palmitic acid (PA) were evaluated as enteric hot-melt coating materials. HMC was carried out in a specially modified coating pan by applying SA and PA in molten state onto preheated pellets to achieve a coating level of 5-15 %w/w. Hot-melt coated pellets were evaluated for disintegration pH and in vitro dissolution in the pH range 1.2 to 6.8, along with basic micromeritics. SEM of coated pellets showed a uniform and smooth coating. These results indicated that HMC of both SA and PA exhibited very good enteric coating ability. The coated pellets showed negligible drug release in acidic pH. As the pellets were subsequently transferred to a higher pH level, a gradual increase in release of the drug from the pellets was observed with increasing pH of the dissolution media. The release was dependent upon coating extent, providing sustained enteric release as opposed to abrupt release with mixed release kinetics.

O revestimento entérico convencional requer o uso de polímeros orgânicos os quais são igualmente danosos ao meio ambiente e ao pessoal que o executa. O revestimento por fusão a quente evita o uso de solventes e é processo mais seguro e que consome menos tempo. O presente estudo foi planejado para avaliar a eficácia do revestimento por fusão a quente (RFQ) como técnica de revestimento entérico. Os péletes preparados por esferonização por extrusão foram selecionados como formulação central para modelo de fármaco irritante gástrico, o diclofenaco sódico (DFS) em razão das vantagens inerentes sobre as formulações de única dose. O ácido esteárico (AE) e o ácido palmítico (AP) foram avaliados como materiais para o revestimento de fusão a quente. O RFQ foi realizado em recipiente especialmente modificado, aplicando AS e PA no estado fundido em péletes pré-aquecidos para atingir nível de revestimento de 5 a 15% p/P. Os péletes revestidos por fusão a quente for avaliados quanto ao pH de desintegração e à dissolução in vitro na faixa de pH de 1,2 a 6,8, juntamente com base micromerítica. O SEM dos péletes revestido mostrou revestimento uniforme e plano. Esses resultados indicaram que o RFQ tanto do AE quanto do AP apresentou capacidade de revestimento muito boa. Os péletes revestidos mostraram pouca liberação do fármaco em pH baixo. Como os péletes foram, subsequentemente, transferidos para pH mais altos, observou-se aumento gradual na liberação do fármaco dos péletes com o aumento do pH do meio de dissolução. A liberação foi dependente da extensão do revestimento, sendo a liberação entérica controlada, contrariamente à liberação abrupta com cinéticas mistas.

Drug Implants/analysis , /analysis , Tablets, Enteric-Coated/pharmacokinetics , Diclofenac/analysis , Palmitic Acid/analysis , Stearic Acids/analysis , Stearic Acids/pharmacokinetics