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1.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 59(1): 110-116, Jan.-Mar. 2022. tab
Article in English | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1374433

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background Non-invasive markers are useful and practical tools for assessing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), but liver biopsy remains the gold-standard method. Liver biopsy can be easily obtained on individuals undergoing bariatric surgery, but there is no ultimate evidence on the relationship between costs, risks and benefits of its systematic performance. Objective To compare the diagnostic accuracy of non-invasive methods with liver biopsy for detection and staging of NAFLD in obese individuals undergoing bariatric surgery. Methods This is a cross-sectional, observational and descriptive study which enrolled individuals who underwent bariatric surgery from 2018 through 2019 at a public tertiary university hospital. Ultrasound scan, hepatic steatosis index, Clinical Non-Alcoholic Steatohepatitis Score (C-NASH), hypertension, alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and insulin resistance (HAIR), aspartate aminotransferase (AST) to Platelet Ratio Index (APRI), NAFLD Fibrosis Score (NFS) and body mass index, AST/ALT ratio, and diabetes (BARD) were the methods compared with the histopathological examination of wedge liver biopsies collected during surgery. Results Of 104 individuals analyzed, 91 (87.5%) were female. The mean age was 34.9±9.7 years. There was no biopsy-related morbidity. The respective overall accuracies of each marker analyzed were: ultrasound scan (79.81% for steatosis), hepatic steatosis index (79.81% for steatosis), HAIR (40.23% for steatohepatitis), C-NASH (22.99% for steatohepatitis), APRI (94.23% for advanced fibrosis), NFS (94.23% for advanced fibrosis), and BARD (16.35% for advanced fibrosis). Discussion Given the high prevalence of liver disease within this population, even the most accurate markers did not present enough discretionary power to detect and/or rule out the NAFLD aspects they were designed to assess in comparison with liver biopsy, which is safe and easy to obtain in these patients. Conclusion Wedge liver biopsy during bariatric surgery helps to diagnose and stage NAFLD, presents low risks and acceptable costs; given the limitations of non-invasive methods, it is justifiable and should be considered in bariatric routine.


RESUMO Contexto Marcadores não-invasivos são ferramentas úteis e práticas para avaliar a doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA), porém, a biópsia hepática continua sendo o método padrão-ouro. A biópsia pode ser facilmente obtida em indivíduos submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica, mas não há evidências definitivas acerca da relação entre custos, riscos e benefícios de sua realização sistemática. Objetivo Comparar a acurácia diagnóstica de métodos não-invasivos com a biópsia hepática para detecção e estadiamento da DHGNA em obesos submetidos à cirurgia bariátrica. Métodos Trata-se de um estudo transversal, observacional e descritivo que envolveu indivíduos que se submeteram à cirurgia bariátrica de 2018 a 2019 em um hospital universitário público terciário. Ultrassonografia (US), índice de esteatose hepática (HSI), Escore Clínico de Esteato-hepatite Não-Alcoólica (C-NASH), Índice de Hipertensão, alanina aminotransferase (ALT) e resistência à insulina (HAIR), Razão entre aspartato aminotransferase (AST) e plaquetas (APRI), Escore de Fibrose da DHGNA (NFS) e índice de massa corporal (IMC), relação AST/ALT e diabetes (BARD) foram os métodos comparados com o exame histopatológico de biópsias hepáticas em cunha coletadas durante a cirurgia. Resultados De 104 indivíduos analisados, 91 (87,5%) eram do sexo feminino. A média de idade foi de 34,9±9,7 anos. Não houve morbidade relacionada à biópsia. As respectivas acurácias globais de cada marcador analisado foram: US (79,81% para esteatose), HSI (79,81% para esteatose), HAIR (40,23% para esteato-hepatite), C-NASH (22,99% para esteato-hepatite), APRI (94,23% para fibrose avançada), NFS (94,23% para fibrose avançada) e BARD (16,35% para fibrose avançada). Discussão: Considerando a alta prevalência de doença hepática nesta população, mesmo os mais acurados destes marcadores não apresentaram poder discricionário suficiente para detectar e/ou descartar os aspectos da DHGNA que foram desenvolvidos para avaliar em comparação com a biópsia hepática, que é segura e de fácil obtenção nestes pacientes. Conclusão A biópsia hepática em cunha durante a cirurgia bariátrica auxilia no diagnóstico e estadiamento da DHGNA, apresenta baixo risco e custos aceitáveis e, dadas as limitações dos métodos não-invasivos, é justificável e deve ser considerada na rotina bariátrica.

2.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 67(9): 1274-1278, Sept. 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351460

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Obesity is a disease characterized by the accumulation of abnormal or excessive fat that can damage health. Bariatric surgery, an effective and safe way to treat this disease, requires multidisciplinary monitoring with an educational nature to change lifestyle. Adherence to routine physical activity can be a part of adopting a healthier lifestyle and can assist in the treatment of this disease and its related comorbidities. OBJECTIVE: Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between the evolution of anthropometric variables and the domains of quality of life at different times, including at one year after bariatric surgery in very active and irregularly active individuals. METHODS: This was a longitudinal, observational, prospective, and analytical study. The collected data included anamnesis, level of physical activity (International Physical Activity Questionnaire Short Form), height, weight, body mass index (BMI), average waist circumference, percentage of fat, and the World Health Organization Quality of Life Assessment Bref. RESULTS: Seven female individuals were evaluated and divided into two groups: a very active group and an irregularly active group. In the very active individuals, significant results were found in the evolutionary variables: weight (p<0.001); body mass index (p<0.001); average waist circumference (p<0.001); percentage of fat (p<0.001); and quality of life general (p=0.001). In the irregularly active individuals, a significant result was found only in one evolutionary variable: body mass index (p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Thus, it is evident that the improvement and maintenance of good health is more effective in bariatric individuals who maintain a routine with regular physical activity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Bariatric Surgery , Quality of Life , Body Mass Index , Anthropometry , Prospective Studies
3.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 139(4): 351-363, Jul.-Aug. 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1290251

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The role of transient obstructive cholestasis on liver histology remains undetermined. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether transient cholestasis impairs liver histology. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at a public university hospital (UNICAMP), Brazil. METHODS: 169 individuals undergoing cholecystectomy, with or without cholestasis. were enrolled. Histopathological findings were correlated with clinical and biochemical characteristics. RESULTS: Biliary hepatopathy was more frequent in individuals with resolved cholestasis than in those with active obstruction or no jaundice (P < 0.01), as also were fibrosis and ductular proliferation (P = 0.02). Cholestasis was commoner in individuals with resolved obstruction than in those with no history (P < 0.01) or active cholestasis (P < 0.05). Biliary hepatopathy was associated with longer duration of cholestasis (P < 0.001) and higher bilirubin levels (P = 0.02) in individuals with active obstruction; with lower body mass index (P = 0.02) and longer cholestasis (P < 0.001) in individuals with resolved obstruction; and with longer cholestasis (P < 0.001) and longer interval between endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography and surgery (P = 0.03) overall. In individuals with active obstruction, duration of cholestasis (R = 0.7; P < 0.001) and bilirubin levels (R = 0.6; P = 0.004) were independently correlated with cholestasis severity. Duration of cholestasis (R = 0.7; P < 0.001) was independently correlated with ductular proliferation severity. CONCLUSIONS: Transient cholestasis was associated with significant histopathological changes, even after its resolution. Longer duration of obstruction correlated with greater severity of histopathological changes, especially cholestasis and ductular proliferation. This emphasizes the need for early treatment of obstructive cholestasis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Cholestasis/etiology , Liver , Brazil/epidemiology , Cross-Sectional Studies , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde
4.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202666, 2021. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1155359

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Introduction: bariatric surgery is currently the only treatment that leads to long-term and sustained weight loss and decreased morbidity and mortality in morbidly obese individuals. Roux-en-Y bypass causes weight loss by restricting food intake associated with reduced intestinal absorption, in addition to multiple endocrine and satiogenic effects. Biliopancreatic diversion promotes weight loss mainly due to poor absorption of the nutrients ingested. Both procedures exclude parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Objective: to describe four cases of revisional surgery after primary bariatric surgery, due to serious nutritional complications, and to review the literature regarding this subject. Methods: a retrospective analysis of patients of Unicamps bariatric center database and review of the literatures were performed. Results: four patients were identified, 2 women and 2 men, with a mean age of 48 years. The mean body mass index before revisional surgery was 23.7 kg/m2. Three patients underwent Scopinaro biliopancreatic diversion, and onde patient underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass. The revisional surgeries were revision, conversion, and reversion. One patient died. For the review of the literature 12 articles remained (11 case reports and 1 case series). Another five important original articles were included. Conclusion: fortunately, revision surgery is rarely necessary, but when indicated it has increased morbidity, It can be revision, reverion or conversion according to the severity of the patient and the primary surgery performed.


RESUMO Introdução: atualmente, a cirurgia bariátrica é o único tratamento que leva à perda de peso prolongada e sustentada e diminuição da morbimortalidade em indivíduos obesos mórbidos. O bypass em Y-de-Roux causa perda de peso restringindo a ingestão de alimentos associada à redução da absorção intestinal, além de múltiplos efeitos endócrinos e sacietógenos. O desvio biliopancreático promove a perda de peso principalmente devido à diminuição da absorção dos nutrientes ingeridos. Ambos os procedimentos excluem partes do trato gastrointestinal. Objetivo: descrever 4 casos de cirurgia revisional após cirurgia bariátrica primária, devido a graves complicações nutricionais, bem como realizar uma revisão da literatura sobre esse assunto. Métodos: foi realizada uma análise retrospectiva dos pacientes do banco de dados do serviço de cirurgia bariátrica da Unicamp e revisão da literatura. Resultados: foram identificados 4 pacientes, 2 mulheres e 2 homens, com média de idade de 48 anos, o IMC antes da cirurgia revisional eram em média 23,7. Os pacientes haviam sido submetidos em 3 casos a cirurgia de Scopinaro e 1 caso ao bypass gástrico em Y-de-Roux. As cirurgias revisionais foram de revisão, conversão e reversão. Um paciente evoluiu a óbito. Em relação a revisão da literatura, foram selecionados 12 artigos (11 relatos de casos e 1 série de casos). Outros cinco artigos originais importantes foram incluídos. Conclusão: felizmente, a cirurgia revisional raramente é necessária, mas, quando indicada, apresenta alta morbidade. São cirurgias de revisão, reversão ou conversão, de acordo com a gravidade do paciente e a cirurgia primária realizada.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Postoperative Complications/surgery , Reoperation , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Malnutrition/etiology , Bariatric Surgery/adverse effects , Bariatric Surgery/methods , Postoperative Complications/etiology , Gastric Bypass , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome , Laparoscopy , Middle Aged
5.
Rev. Col. Bras. Cir ; 48: e20202913, 2021. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1287885

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background and Aims: An association between non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) has been previously suggested. This study aims at investigating this association and at identifying potential links between variables of the NAFLD spectrum and PDAC. Methods: A cross-sectional case-matched analytical and comparative study was carried out to analyze patients undergoing surgical resection of PDAC and compare them to a control group of individuals undergoing cholecystectomy at a public tertiary teaching hospital, matched by sex, age and BMI. Hepatic histopathological examinations were compared between cases and controls. Results: Of 56 individuals, 36 were male (64.3%) and the median age was 61.5 years old (interquartile range: 57.5 - 70). The participants' median BMI was 24.3 kg/m2 (interquartile range: 22.1-26.2 kg/m2). Microvesicular steatosis (p=0.04), hepatocellular ballooning (p=0.02), fibrosis (p=0.0003) and steatohepatitis (p=0.03) were significantly more frequent in the group of cases. Odds ratios for hepatocellular ballooning (6.2; 95%CI: 1.2-31.8; p=0.03), fibrosis (9.3; 95%CI: 2.5-34.1; p=0.0008) and steatohepatitis (3.9; 95%CI: 1.1-14.3; p=0.04) were statistically significant in relation to the PDAC prevalence. Conclusions: Significant associations were identified between histopathological aspects of NAFLD (microvesicular steatosis, hepatocellular ballooning, fibrosis, and steatohepatitis) and PDAC.


RESUMO Histórico e objetivos: a associação entre a doença hepática gordurosa não alcoólica (DHGNA) e o adenocarcinoma ductal pancreático (ACDP) foi sugerida anteriormente. Este estudo visa investigar esta associação e identificar possíveis ligações entre as variáveis do espectro da DHGNA e o ACDP. Métodos: foi realizado estudo transversal caso-controle analítico e comparativo para analisar pacientes submetidos a ressecção cirúrgica de ACDP e compará-los a grupo controle de indivíduos submetidos a colecistectomia em hospital público terciário de ensino, pareados por sexo, idade e IMC. Os exames histopatológicos hepáticos foram comparados entre casos e controles. Resultados: dos 56 indivíduos, 36 eram do sexo masculino (64,3%) e a idade mediana era de 61,5 anos de idade (intervalo interquartil 57,5-70). A mediana do IMC dos participantes foi de 24,3 kg/m2 (intervalo interquartil 22,1 26,2). Esteatose microvesicular (p = 0,04), balonização hepatocelular (p = 0,02), fibrose (p = 0,0003) e esteato-hepatite (p = 0,03) foram significativamente mais frequentes no grupo de casos. As razões de chances para balonização hepatocelular (6,2; IC 95%: 1,2 - 31,8; p = 0,03), fibrose (9,3; IC 95%: 2,5 - 34,1; p = 0,0008) e esteato-hepatite (3,9; IC 95%: 1,1 - 14,3; p = 0,04) foram estatisticamente significativas em relação à prevalência de ACDP. Conclusões: houve associações significativas entre aspectos histopatológicos de DHGNA (esteatose microvesicular, balonização hepatocelular, fibrose e esteato-hepatite) e a ocorrência de ACDP.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Pancreatic Neoplasms/epidemiology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/complications , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/epidemiology , Biopsy , Cross-Sectional Studies , Liver , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Middle Aged
6.
Rev. Assoc. Med. Bras. (1992) ; 66(9): 1190-1195, Sept. 2020. graf
Article in English | SES-SP, LILACS, SES-SP | ID: biblio-1136370

ABSTRACT

SUMMARY Tubulovillous adenomas of the duodenal ampulla are rare neoplasms. The present report describes a case with radiological-endoscopic and pathological correlation in which the patient underwent duodenal pancreatectomy with good postoperative progression. With advanced imaging methods, especially magnetic resonance and endoscopic ultrasound, locoregional aspects and extraluminal, lymphovascular, and metastatic invasion have been increasingly discussed as contributors to therapeutic decision making. This progression improves lesion staging and is especially useful in selecting eligible candidates for endoscopic treatment.


RESUMO Os adenomas túbulo-vilosos da ampola duodenal são neoplasias raras. Neste trabalho apresentamos um caso com correlação radiológico-endoscópica e patológica, tendo a paciente sido submetida à duodenopancreatectomia com boa evolução pós-operatória. Com os avanços dos métodos de imagem, em especial da ressonância magnética e ultrassonografia endoscópica, aspectos locorregionais, além da invasão extraluminal, linfovascular e metastática, têm sido discutidos de maneira crescente como contribuintes na decisão terapêutica. Essa evolução contribui para o melhor estadiamento destas lesões e é especialmente útil para selecionar candidatos elegíveis ao tratamento endoscópico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenoma/surgery , Radiography , Endosonography , Duodenal Neoplasms , Endoscopy
7.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(6): 491-497, Nov.-Dec. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1094526

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Obstructive jaundice may lead to ominous complications and requires complex diagnostic evaluations and therapies that are not widely available. OBJECTIVE: To analyze the epidemiological profile, referral routes and diagnostic accuracy at admittance of cases of acute cholangitis among patients with obstructive jaundice treated at a referral unit. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study at a tertiary-level university hospital. METHODS: Patients with obstructive jaundice who were treated by means of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography, resection and/or surgical biliary drainage were evaluated. The main variables analyzed were epidemiological data, referral route, bilirubin levels and time elapsed between symptom onset and admittance and diagnosing of acute cholangitis at the referral unit. The accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of acute cholangitis was compared with a retrospective analysis on the medical records in accordance with the Tokyo criteria. RESULTS: Female patients predominated (58%), with an average age of 56 years. Acute cholangitis was detected in 9.9% of the individuals; application of the Tokyo criteria showed that the real prevalence was approximately 43%. The main referral route was direct contact (31.8%) and emergency care (29.7%); routing via official referral through the public healthcare system accounted for 17.6%, and internal referral from other specialties, 20%. The direct route with unofficial referral was the most important route for cases of neoplastic etiology (P < 0.01) and was the fastest route (P < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS: There is a deficiency in the official referral routes for patients with obstructive jaundice. The accuracy of the clinical diagnosis of acute cholangitis was poor. Wider dissemination of the Tokyo criteria is essential.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Cholangitis/diagnosis , Jaundice, Obstructive/diagnosis , Tertiary Care Centers , Hospitals, University , Patient Admission/statistics & numerical data , Referral and Consultation/statistics & numerical data , Bilirubin/analysis , Brazil/epidemiology , Patient Acceptance of Health Care , Drainage , Cholangitis/surgery , Cholangitis/epidemiology , Acute Disease , Cross-Sectional Studies , Retrospective Studies , Sensitivity and Specificity , Cholangiopancreatography, Endoscopic Retrograde/statistics & numerical data , Jaundice, Obstructive/surgery , Jaundice, Obstructive/epidemiology , Data Accuracy
8.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(3): 246-251, July-Sept. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1038717

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) with the resection of venous structures adjacent to the pancreatic head, even in cases of extensive invasion, has been practiced in recent years, but its perioperative morbidity and mortality are not completely determined. OBJECTIVE: To describe the perioperative outcomes of PD with venous resections performed at a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted, classified as a historical cohort, enrolling 39 individuals which underwent PD with venous resection from 2000 through 2016. Preoperative demographic, clinical and anthropometric variables were assessed and the main outcomes studied were 30-day morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: The median age was 62.5 years (IQ 54-68); 55% were male. The main etiology identified was ductal adenocarcinoma of the pancreas (82.1%). In 51.3% of cases, the portal vein was resected; in 35.9%, the superior mesenteric vein was resected and in the other 12.8%, the splenomesenteric junction. Regarding the complications, 48.7% of the patients presented some type of morbidity in 30 days. None of the variables analyzed was associated with higher morbidity. Perioperative mortality was 15.4% (six patients). The group of individuals who died within 30 days presented significantly higher values for both ASA (P=0.003) and ECOG (P=0.001) scores. CONCLUSION: PD with venous resection for advanced pancreatic neoplasms is a feasible procedure, but associated with high rates of morbidity and mortality; higher ASA e ECOG scores were significantly associated with a higher 30-day mortality.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A duodenopancreatectomia (DP) com ressecção de estruturas venosas adjacentes à cabeça do pâncreas, mesmo em casos de invasão extensa, tem sido praticada nos últimos anos, mas sua morbidade e mortalidade perioperatórias não são completamente determinadas. OBJETIVO: Descrever os resultados perioperatórios de DP com ressecções venosas realizadas em um hospital terciário universitário. MÉTODOS: Foi realizado estudo retrospectivo, classificado como coorte histórica, envolvendo 39 indivíduos submetidos à DP com ressecção venosa entre 2000 e 2016. Foram estudadas variáveis demográficas, clínicas e antropométricas pré-operatórias e os desfechos principais foram a morbidade e mortalidade em 30 dias. RESULTADOS: A mediana de idade foi 62,5 anos (IQ 54-68), sendo 55% dos indivíduos do sexo masculino. A principal etiologia identificada foi o adenocarcinoma ductal de pâncreas (82,1%). Em 51,3% dos casos, a veia porta foi submetida à ressecção; em 35,9%, a veia mesentérica superior foi ressecada e nos outros 12,8%, a junção esplenomesentérica. Em relação às complicações, 48,7% dos pacientes apresentaram algum tipo de morbidade em 30 dias. Nenhuma das variáveis analisadas associou-se à maior morbidade. A mortalidade perioperatória foi 15,4% (seis pacientes). O grupo de indivíduos que cursou com mortalidade em 30 dias apresentou escores significativamente mais altos de ASA (P=0,003) e ECOG (P=0,001). CONCLUSÃO: A DP com ressecção venosa para neoplasias avançadas do pâncreas é um procedimento factível, porém que se acompanha de altos índices de morbidade e mortalidade; escores de ASA e ECOG altos são fatores significativamente associados à maior mortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Aged , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Pancreatic Neoplasms/mortality , Portal Vein/surgery , Postoperative Complications , Brazil/epidemiology , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Retrospective Studies , Morbidity , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/mortality , Intraoperative Complications , Mesenteric Veins/surgery , Middle Aged
9.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 137(2): 177-183, Mar.-Apr. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1014638

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Excess trunk body fat in obese individuals influences respiratory physiological function. The aims of this study were to compare volumetric capnography findings (VCap) between severely obese patients and normal-weight subjects and to assess whether there is any association between neck circumference (NC), waist-hip ratio (WHR) and VCap among grade III obese individuals. DESIGN AND SETTING: Analytical observational case-matched cross-sectional study, University of Campinas. METHODS: This cross-sectional study compared VCap variables between 60 stage III obese patients and 60 normal-weight individuals. RESULTS: In comparison with the normal-weight group, obese patients presented higher alveolar minute volume (8.92 ± 4.94 versus 6.09 ± 2.2; P = < 0.0001), CO2 production (278 ± 91.0 versus 209 ± 60.23; P < 0.0001), expiratory tidal volume (807 ± 365 versus 624 ± 202; P = 0.005), CO2 production per breath (21.1 ± 9.7 versus 16.7 ± 6.16; P = 0.010) and peak expiratory flow (30.9 ± 11.9 versus 25.5 ± 9.13; P = 0.004). The end-expiratory CO2 (PetCO2) concentration (33.5 ± 4.88 versus 35.9 ± 3.79; P = 0.013) and the phase 3 slope were normalized according to expired tidal volume (0.02 ± 0.05 versus 0.03 ± 0.01; P = 0.049) were lower in the obese group. CONCLUSIONS: The greater the NC was, the larger were the alveolar minute volume, anatomical dead space, CO2 production per minute and per breath and expiratory volume; whereas the smaller were the phase 2 slope (P2Slp), phase 3 slope (P3Slp) and pressure drop in the mouth during inspiration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/physiopathology , Tidal Volume/physiology , Pulmonary Ventilation/physiology , Spirometry , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Capnography , Waist-Hip Ratio
10.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 56(1): 15-21, Jan.-Mar. 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-1001330

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The influence of the placement of a band on the outcomes of one anastomosis gastric bypass (OAGB) has not been appropriately studied yet. OBJECTIVE: To compare early weight loss and glucose metabolism parameters following banded versus non-banded OAGB. METHODS: A prospective randomized study, which evaluated 20 morbidly obese individuals who underwent banded and non-banded OAGB and were followed-up for three months. Weight loss (percentage of excess weight loss - %EWL and percentage of body mass index loss - %BMIL) and glucose metabolism outcomes (glucose, insulin and homeostasis model assessment - HOMA) were compared. RESULTS: The banded group presented a significantly higher %EWL at one month (29.6±5.5% vs 17.2±3.4%; P<0.0001) and two months post-surgery (46±7% vs 34.2±9%; P=0.004544), as well as a significantly higher %BMIL at one month (9.7±1.1% vs 5.8±0.8%; P<0.0001), two months (15±1.4% vs 11.5±2.1; P=0.000248), and three months (18.8±1.8% vs 15.7±3.2%; P=0.016637). At three months, banded OAGB led to significant decreases of insulin (14.4±4.3 vs 7.6±1.9; P=0.00044) and HOMA (3.1±1.1 vs 1.5±0.4; P=0.00044), whereas non-banded OAGB also led to significant decreases of insulin (14.8±7.6 vs 7.8±3.1; P=0.006) and HOMA (3.2±1.9 vs 1.6±0.8; P=0.0041). The percent variation of HOMA did not significantly differ between banded and non-banded OAGB (P=0.62414); overall, the percent variation of HOMA was not correlated with %EWL (P=0.96988) or %BMIL (P=0.82299). CONCLUSION: Banded OAGB led to a higher early weight loss than the standard technique. Banded and non-banded OAGB led to improvements in insulin resistance regardless of weight loss.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A influência da colocação de bandas sobre os resultados do bypass gástrico de anastomose única (BGAU) não foi profundamente estudada. OBJETIVO: Comparar a perda precoce de peso e os parâmetros do metabolismo da glicose após bypass gástrico de anastomose única (BGAU) com e sem anel. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo randomizado que avaliou 20 obesos mórbidos submetidos ao BGAU com e sem anel e acompanhados por três meses. A perda de peso (percentual de perda do excesso de peso - %PEP e percentual de perda de peso - %PP) e parâmetros do metabolismo da glicose (glicemia, insulina e modelo homeostático de avaliação - HOMA) foram comparados. RESULTADOS: O grupo com anel apresentou %PEP significativamente maior em um mês (29,6±5,5% vs 17,2±3,4%; P<0,0001) e dois meses após a cirurgia (46±7% vs 34,2±9%; P=0,004544), bem como %PP significativamente maior em um mês (9,7±1,1% vs 5,8±0,8%; P<0,0001), dois meses (15±1,4% vs 11,5±2,1; P=0,000248) e três meses (18,8±1,8% vs 15,7±3,2%; P=0,016637). Aos três meses, o BGAU com anel resultou em reduções significativas de insulina (14,4±4,3 vs 7,6±1,9; P=0,00044) e HOMA (3,1±1,1 vs 1,5±0,4; P=0,00044), enquanto o BGAU sem anel também levou a reduções significativas de insulina (14,8±7,6 vs 7,8±3,1; P=0,006) e HOMA (3,2±1,9 vs 1,6±0,8; P=0,0041). A variação percentual de HOMA não diferiu significativamente entre BGAU com bandas ou sem anel (P=0,62414); no geral, a variação percentual do HOMA não foi correlacionada com %PEP (P=0,96988) ou %PP (P=0,82299). CONCLUSÃO: O BGAU com anel levou a uma maior perda de peso precoce do que a técnica padrão. O BGAU com ou sem anel levou à melhora precoce na resistência à insulina, independentemente da perda de peso.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Blood Glucose/metabolism , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Gastric Bypass/methods , Time Factors , Weight Loss , Prospective Studies
11.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1422, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983676

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Systemic bone loss may lead to more severe periodontal destruction, decreasing local bone mineral density. Aim: A cross-sectional designed was performed to study associations among alveolar bone pattern, salivary leptin concentrations, and clinical periodontal status in premenopausal obese and eutrophic women. Methods: Thirty morbid obese (G1) and 30 normal-weight (G2) women were included. Anthropometric and periodontal measurements (probing depth - PD, clinical attachment levels - CAL, presence of calculus, bleeding on probing -BOP, and plaque accumulation) were assessed. OHIP-14 was used for assessment of oral health impact on quality of life. Panoramic radiography was used to obtain the panoramic mandibular index (PMI), mandibular cortical index (MCI), and mental index (MI). Intraoral periapical (PA) radiography was taken to measure the total trabecular bone volume. Leptin was measured in saliva of fasted overnight women. Results: Groups 1 and 2 differed in all anthropometric aspects, but height. Pocket depth, calculus, BOP, and plaque index were worse in G1. No differences between groups were found considering OHIP. Normal-weight subjects showed higher proportion of dense bone trabeculae than obese subjects for pre-molars, but not for molars. Mental and panoramic mandibular indexes did not differ and were in normal level. Leptin concentration was dependent only on BMI. Conclusion: Obesity affected the periodontal conditions, the alveolar bone pattern, and the salivary leptin concentration.


RESUMO Racional: A perda óssea sistêmica pode levar à destruição periodontal mais severa, diminuindo a densidade mineral óssea local. Objetivo: Investigar as associações entre padrão ósseo alveolar, concentrações de leptina salivar e estado periodontal em mulheres obesas na pré-menopausa e eutróficas. Métodos: Foram avaliadas 30 mulheres com obesidade mórbida (G1) e 30 com peso normal (G2). Foram analisadas as medidas antropométricas e periodontais (profundidade de sondagem - PS, nível clínico de inserção - NCI, presença de cálculo, sangramento à sondagem - SS e acúmulo de placa). O impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida foi mensurado por meio do questionário OHIP-14. Radiografia panorâmica foi utilizada para obter o índice mandibular panorâmico (PMI), índice cortical mandibular (MCI) e índice mental (MI); já a radiografia periapical intraoral (AF) para medir o volume ósseo trabecular total. A leptina salivar foi coletada no período da manhã com a paciente em jejum. Resultados: Os grupos 1 e 2 diferiram em todos os aspectos antropométricos, exceto em estatura. Profundidade de bolsa, cálculo, SS e índice de placa foram piores no G1. Não foram encontradas diferenças entre os grupos considerando o OHIP. Indivíduos com peso normal apresentaram maior proporção de trabéculas ósseas densas do que os obesos para pré-molares, mas não para molares. Índices radiomorfométricos não diferiram entre os grupos e estavam dentro de valores normais. A concentração de leptina esteve associada ao IMC. Conclusão: A obesidade afetou as condições periodontais, o padrão ósseo alveolar e a concentração de leptina salivar.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Saliva/chemistry , Alveolar Bone Loss/metabolism , Leptin/analysis , Quality of Life , Bone Density , Case-Control Studies , Dental Plaque Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Alveolar Bone Loss/etiology , Obesity/complications , Obesity/metabolism
12.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1412, 2019. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973383

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is a procedure associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Initially described as gastropancreaticoduodenectomy (GPD), the possibility of preservation of the gastric antrum and pylorus was described in the 1970s. Aim: To evaluate the mortality and operative variables of PD with or without pyloric preservation and to correlate them with the adopted technique and surgical indication. Method: Retrospective cohort on data analysis of medical records of individuals who underwent PD from 2012 through 2017. Demographic, anthropometric and operative variables were analyzed and correlated with the adopted technique (GPD vs. PD) and the surgical indication. Results: Of the 87 individuals evaluated, 38 (43.7%) underwent GPD and 49 (53.3%) were submitted to PD. The frequency of GPD (62.5%) was significantly higher among patients with pancreatic neoplasia (p=0.04). The hospital stay was significantly shorter among the individuals submitted to resection due to neoplasias of less aggressive behavior (p=0.04). Surgical mortality was 10.3%, with no difference between GPD and PD. Mortality was significantly higher among individuals undergoing resection for chronic pancreatitis (p=0.001). Conclusion: There were no differences in mortality, surgical time, bleeding or hospitalization time between GPD and PD. Pancreas head neoplasm was associated with a higher indication of GPD. Resection of less aggressive neoplasms was associated with lower morbidity and mortality.


RESUMO Racional : A duodenopancreatectomia (DP) é procedimento associado com significativa morbimortalidade. Inicialmente descrita como gastroduodenopancreatectomia (GDP), a possibilidade de preservação do antro gástrico e piloro foi descrita na década de 1970. Objetivo : Avaliar a mortalidade e variáveis operatórias da DP com ou sem preservação pilórica e correlacioná-las com a técnica adotada e indicação cirúrgica. Método: Estudo de coorte histórica, baseado em análise de dados de registros médicos de indivíduos submetidos à DP entre os anos de 2012 a 2017. Foram analisadas variáveis demográficas, antropométricas e operatórias e correlacionadas com a técnica adotada (GDP vs. DP) e a indicação cirúrgica. Resultados : Dos 87 indivíduos avaliados, 38 (43,7%) foram submetidos à GDP e 49 (53,3%) à DP. A frequência de realização da GDP (62,5%) foi significativamente maior entre os pacientes com neoplasia de pâncreas (p=0,04). O tempo de internação total foi significativamente menor entre os indivíduos submetidos à ressecção por neoplasias de comportamento menos agressivo (p=0,04). A mortalidade cirúrgica foi de 10,3%, não havendo diferença entre GDP e DP. A mortalidade foi significativamente maior entre os indivíduos submetidos à ressecção por pancreatite crônica (p=0,001). Conclusão : Não houve diferenças na morbimortalidade, tempo cirúrgico, sangramento ou tempo de internação entre GDP e DP. A neoplasia de cabeça de pâncreas associou-se mais com indicação de GDP. A ressecção de neoplasias menos agressivas associou-se a menor morbimortalidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Middle Aged , Aged , Gastrostomy/methods , Gastrostomy/mortality , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/methods , Pancreaticoduodenectomy/mortality , Pancreatic Neoplasms/surgery , Pancreatic Neoplasms/mortality , Bile Duct Neoplasms/surgery , Bile Duct Neoplasms/mortality , Pregnancy , Adenocarcinoma/surgery , Adenocarcinoma/mortality , Body Mass Index , Treatment Outcome , Cholangiocarcinoma/surgery , Cholangiocarcinoma/mortality , Statistics, Nonparametric , Duodenal Neoplasms/surgery , Duodenal Neoplasms/mortality , Operative Time , Length of Stay , Medical Illustration
13.
Braz. j. oral sci ; 18: e191484, jan.-dez. 2019. tab
Article in English | LILACS, BBO | ID: biblio-1087867

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aimed to evaluate oral and systemic conditions in morbidly obese patients with and without metabolic syndrome (MS) prior to bariatric surgery. Methods: One hundred patients were included and equally divided into two groups: G1 - with MS (n = 50) and G2 - without MS (n = 50). MS was diagnosed in patients presenting at least three of five signs: abdominal obesity, high triglyceride level, low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) level, hypertension, and altered fasting glycemia. Variables analyzed included the patients' age, sex, body mass index (BMI), waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), and number of missing teeth. Both BMI and WHR were used to evaluate the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (RCVD). Mann-Whitney, Chi-squared, t test, hierarchical multiple linear regression and binary logistic regression models were used in statistical analyses (p<0.05). Results: There were no group-wise differences in sex (p=0.631) and BMI (p=0.200); however, the WHR (p=0.009), age (p=0.0001), and number of missing teeth (p=0.0003) were higher in G1. Obese patients with MS who were candidates for bariatric surgery presented higher RCVD than obese patients without MS (p=0.019). Binary logistic regression revealed patient age [adjusted OR=1.05, 95% CI=1.00-1.11, p=0.042] and number of missing teeth [adjusted OR=1.17, 95% CI=1.04-1.31, p=0.013] to be significant predictors of MS. Conclusion: Morbidly obese patients with MS had worse oral and systemic conditions than those without MS, regarding WHR, RCDV and number of missing teeth


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Obesity, Morbid , Cardiovascular Diseases , Tooth Loss , Metabolic Syndrome
14.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(4): 412-416, Oct.-Dec. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-983838

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Cystic lesions of the pancreas represent a group of pancreatic diseases with great histological heterogeneity, varying from benign lesions, some of them with malignant potential, to overt malignant lesions. OBJECTIVE: To describe the cases of cystic lesions of the pancreas which underwent surgical intervention at a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: This is a retrospective population-based study (historical cohort) which was carried out enrolling individuals attended at the Outpatient service of Pancreas Surgery of the Hospital de Clínicas of Unicamp. The individuals underwent surgical procedures performed from January 2012 through December 2016. RESULTS: In the period evaluated, 39 cases of cystic lesions of the pancreas which underwent surgery were identified, 26 (66.6%) of which were female. The average age at diagnosis was 47.4±16.4 years (range, 18-73). In regards to symptoms, 35 (89.7%) were symptomatic. The average length of hospital stay was 10 days (range 4-76). Surgeries performed to treat the lesions depended on the localization and type of the lesions: cystojejunostomy (41%), distal pancreatectomy (36%), pancreaticoduodenectomy (15.4%), drainage of ruptured and/or infected pseudocyst (5.2%) and central pancreatectomy (2.6%). CONCLUSION: Cystic lesions of the pancreas are a group of lesions with a highly varying presentation and diagnostic approach and may require an also highly variable surgical treatment. An appropriate preoperative imaging diagnosis is essential for their management.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: As lesões císticas do pâncreas representam um grupo de doenças pancreáticas com grande heterogeneidade histológica, variando desde lesões benignas, algumas com potencial pré-maligno, até outras degeneradas para formas malignas. OBJETIVO: Descrever os casos de LCPs submetidos à intervenção cirúrgica em um hospital universitário terciário. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo retrospectivo populacional (coorte histórica) realizado com a participação de indivíduos atendidos no Ambulatório de Cirurgia do Pâncreas do Hospital de Clínicas da Unicamp. Os indivíduos foram submetidos a procedimentos cirúrgicos realizados no período de janeiro de 2012 a dezembro de 2016. RESULTADOS: No período avaliado, foram identificados 39 casos de lesões císticas do pâncreas operados, sendo 26 (66,6%) do sexo feminino. A idade média no diagnóstico foi de 47,4±16,4 anos. Em relação aos sintomas, 35 (89,7%) eram sintomáticos. O tempo médio de internação foi de 10 dias (variação de 4-76). As cirurgias realizadas para o tratamento das lesões dependeram da localização e do tipo das lesões: derivação pseudocisto-jejunal (41%), pancreatectomia distal (36%), pancreaticoduodenectomia (15,4%), drenagem de pseudocistos rotos e/ou infectados (5,2%) e pancreatectomia central (2,6%). CONCLUSÃO: As lesões císticas do pâncreas são um grupo de lesões cuja apresentação e abordagem diagnóstica são altamente heterogêneas e que podem requerer um tratamento cirúrgico altamente complexo e variável. Um diagnóstico pré-operatório adequado é essencial para definir o seu tratamento.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Young Adult , Hepatitis C, Chronic/diagnosis , Hepatitis C, Chronic/economics , Quality of Life , Socioeconomic Factors , Brazil/epidemiology , Activities of Daily Living , Comorbidity , Public Health , Epidemiologic Methods , Health Care Costs , Hepacivirus , Hepatitis C, Chronic/epidemiology , Middle Aged , National Health Programs/economics
15.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(3): 247-251, July-Sept. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-973894

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the commonest hepatopathy worldwide. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the correlations between NAFLD histopathological features and the levels of adipokines (adiponectin, leptin, and resistin) and circulating inflammatory markers (interleukin-6 [IL-6], interleukin-8 [IL-8], tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-α], and C-reactive protein [CRP]). METHODS: This is an exploratory cross-sectional study, which enrolled 19 women with obesity who underwent bariatric surgery. Biochemical characteristics evaluated included the levels of adiponectin, leptin, resistin, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α, and CRP. NAFLD was assessed through histological examination of liver biopsies carried out during the surgical procedures. RESULTS: The mean age of the study group was 37.3±8.2 years old; mean BMI was 36.2±2.5 kg/m2. Among individuals with liver fibrosis, the levels of IL-8 were significantly higher (24.4 ± 9.7 versus 12.7 ± 6.6; P=0.016726). The intensity of fibrosis presented a significant negative correlation with the levels of adiponectin (R= -0.49379; P=0.03166); i.e. the higher the levels of adiponectin, the lower the intensity of fibrosis. The intensity of steatohepatitis presented a significant negative correlation with the levels of adiponectin (R= -0.562321; P=0.01221); this means that the higher the levels of adiponectin, the lower the intensity of steatohepatitis. CONCLUSION: Adiponectin levels were inversely correlated with the severity of fibrosis and steatohepatitis, whereas IL-8 levels were higher in individuals with liver fibrosis among individuals with obesity and NAFLD undergoing bariatric surgery. The use of these markers to assess NAFLD may bring significant information within similar populations.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A doença hepática gordurosa não-alcoólica (DHGNA) é a hepatopatia mais comum no mundo. OBJETIVO: Investigar correlações entre as apresentações histopatológicas da DHGNA e os níveis de adipocinas (adiponectina, leptina e resistina) e marcadores sistêmicos de inflamação (interleucina-6 [IL-6], interleucina-8 [IL-8], fator de necrose tumoral alfa [TNF-α] e proteína C reativa [PCR]). MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal exploratório envolvendo 18 mulheres com obesidade submetidas à cirurgia bariátrica. As características bioquímicas avaliadas incluíram os níveis de adiponectina, leptina, resistina, IL-6, IL-8, TNF-α e PCR. A DHGNA foi avaliada através de exams histológicos de biópsias hepáticas realizadas durantes as cirurgias. RESULTADOS: A idade média foi 37,3±8,2 anos; o índice de massa corporal (IMC) médio foi 36,2±2,5 kg/m2. Entre os indivíduos com fibrose hepática, os níveis de IL-8 foram significativamente mais altos (24,4±9,7 versus 12,7±6,6; P=0,016726). A intensidade da fibrose apresentou uma correlação negativa significativa com os níveis de adiponectina (R= -0,49379; P=0,03166), demonstranso que, quanto maiores os níveis de adiponectina, menor a intensidade da fibrose. A intensidade da esteato-hepatite apresentou uma correlação negativa significativa com os níveis de adiponectina (R= -0,562321; P=0,01221), demonstrando que quanto mais altos os níveis de adiponectina, menor a intensidade da esteato-hepatite. CONCLUSÃO: Os níveis de adiponectina correlacionaram-se negativamente com a severidade da fibrose e da esteato-hepatite, enquanto os níveis de IL-8 foram maiores entre os indivíduos com fibrose hepática. O uso destes marcadores pode trazer informações significativas sobre a DHGNA em populações com obesidade.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/blood , Cytokines/blood , Adipokines/blood , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/pathology , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/blood , Reference Values , Biopsy , Severity of Illness Index , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Body Mass Index , Cross-Sectional Studies , Statistics, Nonparametric , Bariatric Surgery , Liver Cirrhosis/pathology , Liver Cirrhosis/blood , Middle Aged
16.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(1): 66-72, Apr.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888231

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Although the incidence of leaks after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) significantly decreased over time, their detection still remains challenging. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the usefulness of drain amylase levels to detect leaks after RYGB. METHODS: This is a population-based study which enrolled 170 individuals who underwent RYGB. Drain amylase levels were determined on the first and fourth postoperative days. Two thresholds were evaluated: three times higher than the serum levels (parameter I) and higher than 250 IU/L (parameter II). The main outcomes evaluated were perioperative morbidity, the occurrence of leaks, 30-day readmissions and reoperations, hospital stay, and mortality. RESULTS: Considering the parameter I, high drain amylase levels were significantly associated with leaks (12.5% vs 0; P<0.00001). Considering the parameter II, high drain amylase levels were significantly associated with longer hospital stay (8±5.7 vs 4.5±1.3 days; P=0.00032), 30-day reoperations (50% vs 3%; P=0.000285), and leaks (50% vs 0; P<0.00001). The parameter I presented a sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 95.9%, whereas the parameter II presented a sensitivity of 100% and a specificity of 99.4%. CONCLUSION: The determination of drain amylase levels after RYGB was a significant indicator of leaks, hospital stay, and 30-day reoperations. This finding reinforces the importance of abdominal drainage in the RYGB within this context.


RESUMO CONTEÚDO: Embora a incidência de fistulas após o bypass gástrico em Y de Roux (BGRY) tenha diminuído significativamente com a evolução da técnica, sua detecção continua desafiadora. OBJETIVO: Determinar a acurácia dos níveis de amilase no dreno abdominal para detector fístulas após o BGYR. MÉTODOS: Este é um estudo populacional que avaliou 170 indivíduos submetidos ao BGYR. Os níveis de amilase no dreno foram determinados no primeiro e quarto dias de pós-operatório. Dois pontos de corte foram avaliados: três vezes maior que os níveis séricos (parâmetro I) e acima de 250 UI/L (parâmetro II). Os principais desfechos estudados foram: morbidade perioperatória, ocorrência de fístulas, reinternações e reoperações nos primeiros 30 dias, permanência hospitalar e mortalidade. RESULTADOS: Considerando o parâmetro I, altos níveis de amilase do dreno foram indicadores significativos de fístulas (12,5% vs 0; P<0,00001). Considerando o parâmetro II, altos níveis de amilse no dreno estiveram significativamente associados a maior permanência hospitalar (8±5,7 vs 4,5±1,3 dias; P=0,00032), frequência de reoperações (50% vs 3%; P=0,000285) e ocorrência de fístulas (50% vs 0; P<0,00001). O parâmetro I apresentou sensibilidade de 100% e especificidade de 95,9%, enquanto o parâmetro II apresentou sensibilidade de 100% e especificidade de 99,4%. CONCLUSÃO: A determinação dos níveis de amilase no dreno após o BGYR foi um indicador significativo de fístulas, permanência hospitalar e reoperações. Este achado reforça a importância da drenagem abdominal no BGYR dentro deste contexto.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Anastomosis, Roux-en-Y/adverse effects , Gastric Bypass/adverse effects , Anastomotic Leak/etiology , Amylases/analysis , Reoperation , Drainage/methods , Sensitivity and Specificity , Anastomotic Leak/surgery , Anastomotic Leak/diagnosis , Middle Aged
17.
Arq. gastroenterol ; 55(1): 72-77, Apr.-Mar. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-888236

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The glucagon-like peptides 1 and 2 (GLP-1/GLP-2) are gut hormones that may directly affect the glucose homeostasis and their activity seems to be significantly affected by chronic inflammation. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the postprandial levels of glucagon-like peptides 1 and 2 (GLP-1/GLP-2), C-reactive protein (CRP), and the postprandial glucose and insulin levels among individuals with obesity, type 2 diabetes, and healthy controls. METHODS: An exploratory cross-sectional study, which involved individuals awaiting for bariatric/metabolic surgery and healthy controls. Postprandial levels of GLP-1, GLP-2, glucose, and insulin were obtained after a standard meal tolerance test. Inflammation was assessed by means of CRP. RESULTS: There were 30 individuals enrolled in the study, divided into three groups: non-diabetic with morbid obesity (NDO; n=11 individuals), diabetic with mild obesity (T2D; n=12 individuals), and healthy controls (C; n=7 individuals). The mean CRP levels were significantly higher in the NDO group (6.6±4.7 mg/dL) than in the T2D (3.3±2.2 mg/dL) and C groups (2.5±3.2 mg/dL) (P=0.038). The GLP-1 levels following standard meal tolerance test and the area under the curve of GLP-1 did not differ among the three groups. The GLP-2 levels were significantly lower in the NDO and T2D than in the C group following standard meal tolerance test at all the times evaluated. The area under the curve of the GLP-2 was significantly lower in the NDO and T2D groups than in the C group (P=0.05 and P=0.01, respectively). CONCLUSION: GLP-2 levels were impaired in the individuals with obesity and diabetes. This mechanism seems to be enrolled in preventing the worsening of the glucose homeostasis in these individuals.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: Os peptídeos semelhantes ao glucagon 1 e 2 (GLP-1/GLP-2) são hormônios gastrointestinais que podem afetar diretamente a homeostase glicêmica; a atividade de ambos parece ser significativamente afetada pela inflamação crônica. OBJETIVO: Avaliar os níveis pós-prandiais dos peptídeos semelhantes ao glucagon 1 e 2 (GLP-1/GLP-2), proteína C reativa (PCR) e as curvas pós-prandiais de glucose e insulina entre indivíduos com obesidade, diabetes tipo 2 e controles saudáveis. MÉTODOS: Estudo piloto transversal, que envolveu indivíduos aguardando a realização de cirurgia bariátrica/metabólica e controles saudáveis. Os níveis de GLP-1, GLP-2, glucose e insulina foram obtidos após um teste de refeição padrão. A inflamação foi avaliada através dos níveis de PCR. RESULTADOS: Houve 30 indivíduos avaliados no estudo, divididos em três grupos: obesos mórbidos sem diabetes (NDO; n=11 pacientes), diabéticos com obesidade leve (T2D; n=12 pacientes) e controles (C; n=7 pacientes). Os níveis médios de PCR foram significativamente maiores no grupo NDO (6,6±4,7 mg/dL) do que nos grupos T2D (3,3±2,2 mg/dL) e C (2,5±3,2 mg/ dL) (P=0,038). Os níveis de GLP-1 após o teste de refeição padrão e a área sob a curva do GLP-1 não diferiram significativamente entre os grupos. Os níveis de GLP-2 foram significativamente mais baixos nos grupos NDO e T2D do que no grupo C em todos os tempos avaliados. A área sob a curva do GLP-2 foi significativamente menor nos grupos NDO e T2D do que no grupo C (P=0,05 and P=0,01, respectivamente). CONCLUSÃO: Os níveis de GLP-2 encontram-se alterados em indivíduos com obesidade e diabetes. Este mecanismo parece estar envolvido na prevenção da piora da homeostase glicêmica nestes indivíduos.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Young Adult , Blood Glucose/analysis , Obesity, Morbid/blood , C-Reactive Protein/analysis , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/blood , Glucagon-Like Peptide 1/blood , Glucagon-Like Peptide 2/blood , Insulin/blood , Body Mass Index , Case-Control Studies , Cross-Sectional Studies , Postprandial Period , Middle Aged
18.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(2): 182-187, Mar.-Apr. 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-904158

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Pseudotumor cerebri occurs when there is an increase in intracranial pressure without an underlying cause, usually leading to loss of vision. It is most commonly observed in obese women of child-bearing age. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old woman presented at our service with idiopathic intracranial hypertension that had been diagnosed two years earlier, which had led to chronic refractory headache and an estimated 30% loss of visual acuity, associated with bilateral papilledema. She presented partial improvement of the headache with acetazolamide, but the visual loss persisted. Her intracranial pressure was 34 cmH2O. She presented a body mass index of 39.5 kg/m2, also associated with high blood pressure. Computed tomography of the cranium with endovenous contrast did not show any abnormalities. She underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with uneventful postoperative evolution. One month following surgery, she presented a 24% excess weight loss. An ophthalmological examination revealed absence of visual loss and remission of the papilledema. There were no new episodes of headache following the surgery. There was also complete resolution of high blood pressure. The intracranial pressure decreased to 24 cmH2O, six months after the surgery. CONCLUSION: Although the condition is usually associated with obesity, there are few reports of bariatric surgery among individuals with pseudotumor cerebri. In cases studied previously, there was high prevalence of resolution or improvement of the disease following bariatric surgery. There is no consensus regarding which technique is preferable. Thus, further research is necessary in order to establish a specific algorithm.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: O pseudotumor cerebri ocorre quando há aumento na pressão intracraniana sem causa subjacente, comumente levando a perda visual. É mais comum em mulheres obesas em idade fértil. RELATO DE CASO: Mulher de 46 anos, foi admitida com hipertensão intracraniana idiopática diagnosticada há dois anos, que levou a cefaleia refratária crônica e perda estimada de 30% da acuidade visual, associada a papiledema bilateral. Apresentou melhora parcial da cefaleia com acetazolamida, mas a perda visual persistiu. A pressão intracraniana era de 34 cmH2O. Apresentava índice de massa corpórea de 39,5 kg/m2, associado a hipertensão arterial. Tomografia computadorizada com contraste endovenoso de crânio não apresentou anormalidades. Foi submetida ao bypass gástrico em Y de Roux, com evolução pósoperatória sem intercorrências. Um mês após a cirurgia, apresentou perda de peso em excesso de 24%. Um exame oftalmológico demonstrou ausência de perda visual e remissão do papiledema; não houve novos episódios de cefaleia após a cirurgia. Houve também resolução completa da hipertensão arterial. A pressão intracraniana caiu para 24 cmH2O após seis meses da cirurgia. CONCLUSÃO: Embora a condição seja usualmente associada à obesidade, há escassos relatos de cirurgia bariátrica em indivíduos com pseudotumor cerebri. Nos casos previamente estudados, há alta prevalência de resolução ou de melhora da doença após a cirurgia bariátrica. Não há consenso sobre qual é a técnica cirúrgica de escolha. Portanto, mais estudos são necessários para estabelecer um algoritmo específico.


Subject(s)
Humans , Female , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Pseudotumor Cerebri/etiology , Gastric Bypass , Papilledema/etiology , Intracranial Hypertension/etiology , Pseudotumor Cerebri/surgery , Papilledema/surgery , Treatment Outcome , Intracranial Hypertension/surgery
19.
Säo Paulo med. j ; 136(1): 84-88, Jan.-Feb. 2018. tab
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-904130

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT CONTEXT: Bariatric surgery has become the gold-standard treatment for refractory morbid obesity. Obesity is frequently associated with certain syndromes that include coexisting cognitive deficits. However, the outcomes from bariatric surgery in this group of individuals remain incompletely determined. CASE REPORT: A 25-year-old male with Prader-Willi syndrome, whose intelligence quotient (IQ) was 54, was admitted with a body mass index (BMI) of 55 kg/m2, associated with glucose intolerance. He underwent the Scopinaro procedure for biliopancreatic diversion, with uneventful postoperative evolution, and presented a 55% loss of excess weight one year after the surgery, with resolution of glucose intolerance, and without any manifestation of protein-calorie malnutrition. A 28-year-old male with Down syndrome, whose IQ was 68, was admitted with BMI of 41.5 kg/m2, associated with hypertension. He underwent Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, with uneventful postoperative evolution. He presented a 90% loss of excess weight one year after the surgery, with resolution of the hypertension. CONCLUSION: Bariatric surgery among individuals with intellectual impairment is a controversial topic. There is a tendency among these individuals to present significant weight loss and comorbidity control, but less than what is observed in the general obese population. The severity of the intellectual impairment may be taken into consideration in the decision-making process regarding the most appropriate surgical technique. Bariatric surgery is feasible and safe among these individuals, but further research is necessary to deepen these observations.


RESUMO CONTEXTO: A cirurgia bariátrica tornou-se o tratamento padrão ouro para a obesidade mórbida refratária. A obesidade está frequentemente associada a certas síndromes nas quais também coexistem déficits cognitivos, entretanto, os resultados da cirurgia bariátrica nesse grupo de indivíduos ainda não foram completamente determinados. RELATO DE CASO: Um homem de 25 anos com síndrome de Prader-Willi, cujo quociente de inteligência (QI) era estimado em 54, foi admitido com índice de massa corporal (IMC) de 55 kg/m2, associado com intolerância à glicose. Foi submetido a uma derivação biliopancreática à Scopinaro, com evolução pós-operatória sem complicações significativas. Apresentou perda de 55% do excesso de peso um ano após a cirurgia, com resolução da intolerância à glicose, sem manifestação de desnutrição proteico-calórica. Outro paciente, homem de 28 anos com syndrome de Down, cujo QI era de 68, foi admitido com IMC de 41,5 kg/m2, associado a hipertensão arterial. Foi submetido ao bypass gástrico em Y de Roux, com evolução pós-operatória sem complicações. Apresentou perda de 90% do excesso de peso após um ano e resolução da hipertensão. CONCLUSÃO: A cirurgia bariátrica em indivíduos com déficits intelectuais é um tópico controverso. Existe uma tendência entre esses indivíduos de apresentar perda de peso e controle de comorbidades significativos, porém menores que os observados na população obesa geral. A gravidade do déficit intelectual pode ser considerada no processo de decisão sobre a técnica cirúrgica mais adequada. A cirurgia bariátrica é factível e segura nesse grupo de indivíduos. Porém, mais estudos são necessários para aprofundar estas observações.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adult , Prader-Willi Syndrome/complications , Obesity, Morbid/surgery , Down Syndrome/complications , Bariatric Surgery , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Treatment Outcome
20.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 31(1): e1344, 2018. tab, graf
Article in English | LILACS | ID: biblio-885760

ABSTRACT

ABSTRACT Background: High body mass index, as well as maintaining this condition for a long period of time, are important risk factors for the development of osteoarthritis. Aim: To determine joint pain and osteoarthritis prevalence in patients referred to bariatric surgery. Methods: Morbidly obese patients referred to bariatric surgery responded to the visual analogue pain scale (VAS) and the WOMAC questionnaire. X-rays of the hips and knees were evaluated. The primary endpoints were self-reported joint pain and the diagnosis of osteoarthritis by clinical and radiological criteria of the American College of Rheumatology. Results: 141 patients were interviewed (85.1% women) with a mean age of 40 years. The mean body mass index was 46. The lumbar spine and knee joint were the most commonly reported as painful (77.9% and 73.2% respectively). Prevalence of knee osteoarthritis was 63.1% and hip osteoarthritis was 40.8%. Age, mean VAS and WOMAC scores were higher in the osteoarthritic individuals. Conclusion: There is prevalence of 90.1% of pain symptoms in morbidly obese patients referred to bariatric surgery. The prevalence of knee osteoarthritis was 63.1% and hip osteoarthritis was 40.8% in this sample.


RESUMO Racional: Alto índice de massa corpórea, assim como a manutenção desta condição por longo período de tempo, são importantes fatores de risco para o desenvolvimento de osteoartrite. Objetivo: Determinar a prevalência de dor articular e osteoartrite em pacientes aguardando cirurgia bariátrica. Métodos: Pacientes obesos mórbidos responderam à escala e questionário (VAS e WOMAC) de dor e função. Radiografias dos quadris e joelhos foram avaliadas. Os desfechos primários foram dor articular referida nos questionários e o diagnóstico de osteoartrite feito através dos critérios clinicoradiológicos do Colégio Americano de Reumatologia. Resultados: Cento e quarenta e um pacientes foram entrevistados (85,1% mulheres) com idade média de 40 anos. A média do índice de massa corpórea foi de 46. Coluna lombar e joelhos foram as regiões mais comumente referidas com dor (77,9% e 73,2% respectivamente). A prevalência de osteoartrite dos joelhos foi de 63,1% e dos quadris foi de 40,8%. Idade, média da escala visual de dor e resultados do questionário de WOMAC foram maiores nos indivíduos com osteoartrite. Conclusão: Há prevalência de 90,1% de sintomas dolorosos nos pacientes obesos mórbidos encaminhados para cirurgia bariátrica. A osteoartrite dos joelhos foi de 63,1% e de quadris de 40,8%.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Female , Adult , Obesity, Morbid/complications , Osteoarthritis, Hip/etiology , Osteoarthritis, Hip/epidemiology , Arthralgia/etiology , Arthralgia/epidemiology , Osteoarthritis, Knee/epidemiology , Brazil/epidemiology , Prevalence , Cross-Sectional Studies , Osteoarthritis, Knee/etiology
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