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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915513

ABSTRACT

Background@#Some reports have suggested that the clinical and economic burdens of asthma are associated with blood eosinophil levels. The association between clinical burden and blood eosinophil counts were evaluated in a Korean adult asthma cohort. @*Methods@#Clinical information including blood eosinophil counts that were not affected by systemic corticosteroids were extracted from the Cohort for Reality and Evolution of Adult Asthma in Korea database. Clinical burden was defined as 1) asthma control status, 2) medication demand and 3) acute exacerbation (AE) events during 1 consecutive year after enrollment. All patients were divided into atopic and non-atopic asthmatics. The associations between asthma outcomes and the blood eosinophil count were evaluated. @*Results@#In total, 302 patients (124 atopic and 178 non-atopic asthmatics) were enrolled. In all asthmatics, the risk of severe AE was higher in patients with blood eosinophil levels < 100 cells/µL than in patients with levels ≥ 100 cells/µL (odds ratio [OR], 5.406; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.266–23.078; adjusted P = 0.023). Among atopic asthmatics, the risk of moderate AE was higher in patients with blood eosinophil levels ≥ 300 cells/µL than in patients with levels < 300 cells/µL (OR, 3.558; 95% CI, 1.083–11.686; adjusted P = 0.036). Among non-atopic asthmatics, the risk of medication of Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) steps 4 or 5 was higher in patients with high blood eosinophil levels than in patients with low blood eosinophil levels at cutoffs of 100, 200, 300, 400, and 500 cells/µL. @*Conclusion@#The baseline blood eosinophil count may predict the future clinical burden of asthma.

2.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 363-367, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-902242

ABSTRACT

Aquagenic urticaria is a rare form of physical urticaria in which a 1-2 mm wheal is produced by contact with water. Treatment options include antihistamines, ultraviolet monotherapy, topical barrier creams, and acetylcholine antagonists. Despite these pharmacologic measures, the symptoms are frequently refractory to therapy. Aquagenic urticaria lowers the patient’s quality of life and causes daily discomfort. Recently, a patient with aquagenic urticaria treated with omalizumab was reported. Here, we describe a 22-year-old man with a 3-year history of aquagenic urticaria confirmed by a water immersion test. Because he showed no improvement with antihistamines, the patient began omalizumab treatment and demonstrated an excellent response. This case provides new information for clinicians.

3.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 363-367, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-894538

ABSTRACT

Aquagenic urticaria is a rare form of physical urticaria in which a 1-2 mm wheal is produced by contact with water. Treatment options include antihistamines, ultraviolet monotherapy, topical barrier creams, and acetylcholine antagonists. Despite these pharmacologic measures, the symptoms are frequently refractory to therapy. Aquagenic urticaria lowers the patient’s quality of life and causes daily discomfort. Recently, a patient with aquagenic urticaria treated with omalizumab was reported. Here, we describe a 22-year-old man with a 3-year history of aquagenic urticaria confirmed by a water immersion test. Because he showed no improvement with antihistamines, the patient began omalizumab treatment and demonstrated an excellent response. This case provides new information for clinicians.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919399

ABSTRACT

A common cause of drug hypersensitivity reactions is iodinated contrast media (ICM). ICM-induced hypersensitivity had been considered to be a non-immunological reaction, but evidence for an immunological mechanism has increased recently. Thus, we evaluated whether HLA-A, -B, and -C alleles were associated with ICM-induced hypersensitivity. In total, 126 patients who underwent contrast-enhanced computed tomography studies through outpatient clinics at a tertiary referral hospital between 2008 and 2012 were assessed. Sixty-one patients experienced ICM-induced hypersensitivity and the remainder, 65, were ICM-tolerant patients (control). ICM-induced hypersensitivity patients showed 51 with immediate, 7 with non-immediate, 3 with both or mixed type. HLA-A, -B, and -C genotyping was performed using a PCR sequence-based typing method. Four kinds of ICM were used: iopromide, iohexol, iobitridol, and iodixanol. The most used ICM among the hypersensitivity patients was iopromide. Significant difference in the frequency of HLA-B*58:01 (odds ratios [OR], 3.90; p = 0.0200, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.16–13.07) was observed between ICM-induced immediate hypersensitivity and control. There were statistically significant differences in the frequencies of the HLA-B*38:02 (OR, 10.24; p = 0.0145; 95% CI, 1.09–96.14) and HLA-B*58:01 (OR, 3.98; p = 0.0348; 95% CI, 1.03–15.39) between iopromide-induced immediate hypersensitivity and control. The mechanism of ICM-induced hypersensitivity remains unknown, but this study showed associations, although weak, with HLA-B*58:01 alleles for ICM-induced immediate hypersensitivity and HLA-B*38:02 and HLA-B*58:01 for iopromideinduced immediate hypersensitivity as risk predictors. Further studies are needed to validate the associations in larger samples and to identify the functional mechanism behind these results.

5.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 634-640, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890895

ABSTRACT

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease, a highly contagious viral infection, occurs more common in children than in adults. However, there was a recent outbreak of Coxsackievirus A6-induced infection with an atypical presentation among the adult population. Stevens– Johnson syndrome is a severe mucocutaneous disease characterized by extensive necrosis and detachment of the epidermis, and this condition is commonly caused by medications.Herein, we describe a 30-year-old male patient taking allopurinol for the management of gout. The patient presented with numerous erythematous papules, vesicles, and patches with mucosal eruptions on the whole body, oral mucositis, and fever, and he was finally diagnosed with hand-foot-and-mouth disease.

6.
Infection and Chemotherapy ; : 634-640, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-898599

ABSTRACT

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease, a highly contagious viral infection, occurs more common in children than in adults. However, there was a recent outbreak of Coxsackievirus A6-induced infection with an atypical presentation among the adult population. Stevens– Johnson syndrome is a severe mucocutaneous disease characterized by extensive necrosis and detachment of the epidermis, and this condition is commonly caused by medications.Herein, we describe a 30-year-old male patient taking allopurinol for the management of gout. The patient presented with numerous erythematous papules, vesicles, and patches with mucosal eruptions on the whole body, oral mucositis, and fever, and he was finally diagnosed with hand-foot-and-mouth disease.

7.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831884

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Emotional distress is thought to cause or maintain chronic urticaria (CU). We aimed to investigate the presence of anxiety, depression, and stress in Korean adult CU patients and to explore their potential impact on treatment. @*Methods@#We enrolled 79 CU patients and a disease control group comprising 39 persistent asthma patients. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to evaluate depression and anxiety. Stress and quality of life (QoL) were assessed by Stress Response Inventory and CU-QoL questionnaires. The sociodemographic and clinical data such as urticaria activity score (UAS-15, UAS-6) were obtained. @*Results@#The prevalence of depression and anxiety based on the HADS were 48.1% and 38.0%. Although the prevalence of anxiety didn’t differ between the CU and asthma patients, depression was significantly more prevalent in the CU patients (48.1% vs. 28.2%). Stress tended to be lower in CU patients. Anxiety, depression, and stress exhibited negative correlations with QoL. Anxiety showed significant correlation with UAS-6 and pruritus-visual analog scale (VAS; r = 0.256, r = 0.272, p < 0.05, respectively); depression correlated with sleep difficulty-VAS (r = 0.261, p < 0.05). Stress was associated with UAS-15, UAS-6, pruritus-VAS, and sleep difficulty-VAS (r = 0.251, r = 0.317, r = 0.302, r = 0.258, p < 0.05, respectively). @*Conclusions@#The current study first presented that Korean CU patients frequently have anxiety and depression, which affect their QoL and demonstrated that anxiety, depression, and stress had different effects on sleep difficulty, pruritus, and urticaria severity in Korean CU patients.

8.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764603

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to develop and test a measurement of the suicidal protection(MSP) for high school students in Korea. METHODS: Thirty-four preliminary items were initially developed based on literature review and focus group interviews. Those items were evaluated by experts for content validity with 31 items yielded. For testing validity and reliability of the measurement, data were collected from 330 high school students in Korea. RESULTS: The item analysis selected 26 items. One item was deleted additionally through the primary exploratory factor analysis. The final exploratory factor analysis yielded 26 items in six factors such as fear of suicide, self-esteem, emotion regulation, support from others, support from family, and school life, explaining 66.6% of the total variance of the suicidal protection for high school students in Korea. Convergent validity and discriminant validity were supported by construct reliability, average variance extracted estimate, and standardized regression weight. MSP scores were positively associated with economic status, academic record and suicidal ideation. Also, criterion validity was supported through a significant correlation with the Reason for Living Inventory for Adolescent. The Cronbach's α reliability coefficient was .93 for the overall measurement and .72~.86 for the six factors. CONCLUSION: The results show that MSP may be valid and reliable for assessing suicidal protection of high school students.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Epidemiologic Measurements , Focus Groups , Humans , Korea , Reproducibility of Results , Suicidal Ideation , Suicide
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-762152

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs), including Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) to antiepileptic drug (AED), are rare, but result in significant morbidity and mortality. We investigated the major culprit drugs, clinical characteristics, and clinical course and outcomes of AED-induced SCARs using a nationwide registry in Korea. METHODS: A total of 161 patients with AED-induced SCARs from 28 referral hospitals were analyzed. The causative AEDs, clinical characteristics, organ involvements, details of treatment, and outcomes were evaluated. We compared the clinical and laboratory parameters between SJS/TEN and DRESS according to the leading causative drugs. We further determined risk factors for prolonged hospitalization in AED-induced SCARs. RESULTS: Carbamazepine and lamotrigine were the most common culprit drugs causing SCARs. Valproic acid and levetiracetam also emerged as the major causative agents. The disease duration and hospital stay in carbamazepine-induced SJS/TEN were shorter than those in other AEDs (P< 0.05, respectively). In younger patients, lamotrigine caused higher incidences of DRESS than other drugs (P= 0.045). Carbamazepine, the most common culprit drug for SCARs, was associated with a favorable outcome related with prolonged hospitalization in SJS (odds ratio, 0.12; 95% confidence interval, 0.02-0.63, P= 0.12), and thrombocytopenia was found to be a risk factor for prolonged hospitalization in DRESS. CONCLUSION: This was the first large-scale epidemiological study of AED-induced SCARs in Korea. Valproic acid and levetiracetam were the significant emerging AEDs causing SCARs in addition to the well-known offending AEDs such as carbamazepine and lamotrigine. Carbamazepine was associated with reduced hospitalization, but thrombocytopenia was a risk factor for prolonged hospitalization. Our results suggest that the clinical characteristics and clinical courses of AED-induced SCARs might vary according to the individual AEDs.


Subject(s)
Anticonvulsants , Carbamazepine , Cicatrix , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Epidemiologic Studies , Hospitalization , Humans , Incidence , Korea , Length of Stay , Mortality , Referral and Consultation , Risk Factors , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome , Thrombocytopenia , Valproic Acid
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761933

ABSTRACT

Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) can induce severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs) such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome. We performed HLA genotyping and lymphocyte activation tests (LATs) for five AED-induced SCAR patients (three males and two females; aged 40–66 years old). Three patients were treated with carbamazepine (CBZ) for pain control, one was treated with phenytoin (PHT) for seizure prevention, and one was treated with valproic acid (VPA) for seizure prevention. One patient was diagnosed with CBZ-induced DRESS syndrome and the remaining patients were diagnosed with SJS. All patients recovered from SCARs after stopping suspicious drugs and supportive care. LATs were conducted to confirm the culprit drug responsible for inducing SCARs; and LAT results were positive for the suspected culprit drugs, in all except in one case. HLA-A,


Subject(s)
Alleles , Anticonvulsants , Carbamazepine , Cicatrix , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Female , HLA-A Antigens , Humans , Long-Acting Thyroid Stimulator , Lymphocyte Activation , Lymphocytes , Male , Methods , Phenytoin , Seizures , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome , Valproic Acid
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-739400

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are common cause of severe cutaneous adverse reactions (SCARs). The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics of SCARs induced by NSAIDs in the Korean SCAR registry. METHODS: A retrospective survey of NSAID-induced SCARs recorded between 2010 and 2015 at 27 university hospitals in Korea was conducted. Clinical phenotypes of SCARs were classified into Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), SJS-TEN overlap syndrome and drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS). Causative NSAIDs were classified into 7 groups according to their chemical properties: acetaminophen, and propionic, acetic, salicylic, fenamic and enolic acids. RESULTS: A total of 170 SCARs, consisting of 85 SJS, 32 TEN, 17 SJS-TEN overlap syndrome and 36 DRESS reactions, were induced by NSAIDs: propionic acids (n=68), acetaminophen (n=38), acetic acids (n=23), salicylic acids (n=16), coxibs (n=8), fenamic acids (n=7), enolic acids (n=5) and unclassified (n=5). Acetic acids (22%) and coxibs (14%) accounted for higher portions of DRESS than other SCARs. The phenotypes of SCARs induced by both propionic and salicylic acids were similar (SJS, TEN and DRESS, in order). Acetaminophen was primarily associated with SJS (27%) and was less involved in TEN (10%). DRESS occurred more readily among subjects experiencing coxib-induced SCARs than other NSAID-induced SCARs (62.5% vs. 19.7%, P = 0.013). The mean time to symptom onset was longer in DRESS than in SJS or TEN (19.1 ± 4.1 vs. 6.8 ±1.5 vs. 12.1 ± 3.8 days). SCARs caused by propionic salicylic acids showed longer latency, whereas acetaminophen- and acetic acid-induced SCARs appeared within shorter intervals. CONCLUSIONS: The present study indicates that the phenotypes of SCARs may differ according to the chemical classifications of NSAIDs. To establish the mechanisms and incidences of NSAID-induced SCARs, further prospective studies are needed.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Acetates , Acetic Acid , Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal , Cicatrix , Classification , Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors , Diethylpropion , Drug Hypersensitivity , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Hospitals, University , Incidence , Korea , Phenotype , Propionates , Prospective Studies , Retrospective Studies , Salicylates , Salicylic Acid , Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713412

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study analyzed the diagnostic accuracy of endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration (EUS-FNA) for pancreatic solid masses in patients with or without chronic pancreatitis as well as the clinical parameters relevant to a malignancy when EUS-FNA was negative or inconclusive. METHODS: A total of 97 patients, who underwent EUS-FNA for solid pancreatic masses over 2 years at a single institution, were evaluated. All patients underwent EUS-FNA for 3-5 passes with 22 or 25 G needles without an on-site cytopathologist. The final diagnosis was obtained by surgery or compatible clinical outcomes for a more than 12 month follow-up. The diagnostic yields in the patients with or without chronic pancreatitis were compared and the histories and laboratory data relevant to pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) or pseudo-tumor were analyzed. RESULTS: The final diagnoses were adenocarcinoma in 88 patients (90.7%) and inflammatory pseudo-tumor in 9 (9.3%). The results of EUS-FNA were adenocarcinoma (74), suspicious (7), atypical (5), negative (10), and inadequate specimen (1). The diagnostic accuracies were 76.9% and 91.6% in patients with or without chronic pancreatitis, respectively. Among the 23 cases with non-diagnostic results of EUS-FNA, PDAC was finally diagnosed in 5 out of 7 suspicious, 3 out of 5 atypical, and 5 out of 10 negative cytology cases. The clinical parameters related to a pseudo-tumor were a history of alcohol consumption and pancreatitis, and normal alkaline phosphatase levels. CONCLUSIONS: The diagnostic accuracy of pancreatic masses in the background of chronic pancreatitis was low. When EUS-FNA produced inconclusive results, the histories of alcohol consumption, pancreatitis, and serum levels of alkaline phosphatase are useful for making a final diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Alcohol Drinking , Alkaline Phosphatase , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Diagnosis , Endoscopic Ultrasound-Guided Fine Needle Aspiration , Endosonography , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Needles , Pancreatic Ducts , Pancreatic Neoplasms , Pancreatitis , Pancreatitis, Chronic
13.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714724

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Severe asthma and asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) overlap syndrome (ACOS) are difficult to control and are often associated with poor clinical outcomes. However, much is not understood regarding the diagnosis and treatment of severe asthma and ACOS. To evaluate the current perceptions of severe asthma and COPD among asthma and COPD specialists, we designed an e-mail and internet-based questionnaire survey. METHODS: Subjects were selected based on clinical specialty from among the members of the Korean Academy of Asthma, Allergy and Clinical Immunology and the Korean Academy of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases. Of 432 subjects who received an e-mail invitation to the survey, 95 subjects, including 58 allergists and 37 pulmonologists, responded and submitted their answers online. RESULTS: The specialists estimated that the percentage of severe cases among total asthma patients in their practice was 13.9%±11.0%. Asthma aggravation by stepping down treatment was the most common subtype, followed by frequent exacerbation, uncontrolled asthma despite higher treatment steps, and serious exacerbation. ACOS was estimated to account for 20.7% of asthma, 38.0% of severe asthma, and 30.1% of COPD cases. A history of smoking, persistently low forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), and low FEV1 variation were most frequently classified as the major criteria for the diagnosis of ACOS among asthma patients. Among COPD patients, the highly selected major criteria for ACOS were high FEV1 variation, positive bronchodilator response, a personal history of allergies and positive airway hyperresponsiveness. Allergists and pulmonologists showed different assessments and opinions on asthma phenotyping, percentage, and diagnostic criteria for ACOS. CONCLUSIONS: Specialists had diverse perceptions and clinical practices regarding severe asthma and ACOS patients. This heterogeneity must be considered in future studies and strategy development for severe asthma and ACOS.


Subject(s)
Allergy and Immunology , Asthma , Diagnosis , Electronic Mail , Forced Expiratory Volume , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Lung Diseases, Obstructive , Population Characteristics , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Smoke , Smoking , Specialization , Tuberculosis
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-717181

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: We evaluated the management and educational status of adult anaphylaxis patients at emergency departments (EDs). METHODS: Anaphylaxis patients who visited ED from 2011 to 2013 were enrolled from three hospitals. We analyzed clinical features, prior history of anaphylaxis, management and provided education for etiology and/or prevention. For analyzing associated factors with epinephrine injection, Pearson chi-square test was used by SPSS version 21 (IBM Co.). RESULTS: A total of 194 anaphylaxis patients were enrolled. Ninety-nine patients (51%) visited ED by themselves. Time interval from symptom onset to ED visit was 62 ± 70.5 minutes. Drug (56.2%) was the most frequent cause of anaphylaxis. Forty-seven patients (24.2%) had prior history of anaphylaxis and 33 patients had same suspicious cause with current anaphylaxis. Cutaneous (88.7%) and respiratory (72.7%) symptoms were frequent. Hypotension was presented in 114 patients (58.8%). Mean observation time in ED was 12 ± 25.7 hours and epinephrine was injected in 114 patients (62%). In 68 patients, epinephrine was injected intramuscularly with mean dose of 0.3 ± 0.10 mg. Associated factor with epinephrine injection was hypotension (p = 0.000). Twenty-three patients (13%) were educated about avoidance of suspicious agent. Epinephrine auto-injectors were prescribed only in five patients. Only 34 (19%) and 72 (40%) patients were consulted to allergist at ED and outpatient allergy department respectively. CONCLUSIONS: We suggested that management and education of anaphylaxis were not fully carried out in ED. An education and promotion program on anaphylaxis is needed for medical staff.


Subject(s)
Adult , Anaphylaxis , Education , Educational Status , Emergencies , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital , Epinephrine , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Hypotension , Medical Staff , Outpatients , Patient Care Management
15.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 252-254, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126249

ABSTRACT

Although formaldehyde is well known to cause type 4 hypersensitivity, immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated hypersensitivity to formaldehyde is rare. Here, we report a case of recurrent generalized urticaria after endodontic treatment using a para-formaldehyde (PFA)-containing root canal sealant and present a review of previous studies describing cases of immediate hypersensitivity reactions to formaldehyde. A 50-year-old man visited our allergy clinic for recurrent generalized urticaria several hours after endodontic treatment. Prick tests to latex, lidocaine, and formaldehyde showed negative reactions. However, swelling and redness at the prick site continued for several days. The level of formaldehyde-specific IgE was high (class 4). Thus, the patient was deemed to have experienced an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reaction caused by the PFA used in the root canal disinfectant. Accordingly, we suggest that physicians should pay attention to type I hypersensitivity reactions to root canal disinfectants, even if the symptoms occur several hours after exposure.


Subject(s)
Disinfectants/adverse effects , Formaldehyde/adverse effects , Humans , Hypersensitivity, Immediate/chemically induced , Immunoglobulin E/immunology , Male , Middle Aged , Recurrence , Skin Tests , Time Factors , Urticaria/chemically induced , Zinc Oxide-Eugenol Cement/chemistry
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-114697

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Inhalant allergen sensitization is one of the major factors involved in the pathogenesis of allergic respiratory diseases. However, the sensitization is determined by interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Thus, testing panels of inhalant allergens may differ among geographical areas. Here we aimed to determine 10 common inhalant allergens in Korean adult patients with suspected respiratory allergies and to examine the variation between different geographical locations. METHODS: A total of 28,954 patient records were retrieved for retrospective analysis, from 12 referral allergy clinics located in 9 different areas. Inclusion criteria were Korean adults (≥18 years old) who underwent the inhalant allergen skin prick test for suspected history of respiratory allergy. The primary outcome was inhalant allergen skin prick response. Demographic and clinical information were also collected. Positive skin prick responses to allergens were defined as allergen-to-histamine wheal ratio ≥1. Based on skin test results, the most prevalent aeroallergens were determined. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of allergic sensitization was 45.3%. Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus were the most commonly sensitized allergens. Other common inhalant allergens were cat epithelium (8.1%), birch (7.7%), mugwort (6.9%), alder (6.7%), hazel (6.7%), beech (6.7%), oak (6.6%), and Tyrophagus putres (6.2%), in decreasing order frequency. These 10 inhalant allergens explained 90% of inhalant allergen sensitization in the study participants. However, distinct patterns of the 10 inhalant sensitization were observed in patients living in Chungnam and Jeju. American cockroach, Gernam cockroach, and Trichophyton metagrophytes were unique in Chungnam. Orchard, Japanese cedar, and Velvet were unique in Jeju. CONCLUSIONS: The present analysis suggests a panel of 10 most common inhalant allergens in Korean adult patients with suspected respiratory allergies, which explained 90% of inhalant allergen sensitization. This panel can be utilized as a practical and convenient tool for primary practice and epidemiological surveys of respiratory allergic diseases.


Subject(s)
Adult , Allergens , Alnus , Animals , Artemisia , Betula , Cats , Cockroaches , Cryptomeria , Dermatophagoides farinae , Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus , Epithelium , Fagus , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Periplaneta , Prevalence , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Skin , Skin Tests , Trichophyton
17.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 382-386, 2017.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-211168

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Eosinophilia
18.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209997

ABSTRACT

The diagnosis of fixed drug eruption is straightforward because of characteristic findings, including recurrence of similar lesions at the same site and healing with residual hyperpigmentation. However, generalized or multiple fixed drug eruption, a rare variant form, can be a diagnostic challenge. Acebrophylline is a widely prescribed oral bronchodilator with mucosecretolyic and anti-inflammatory activity and is known to be relatively safe. A 34-year-old woman presented with recurrent numerous erythematous patches after ingestion of cold medications containing clarithromycin, loxoprofen, acebrophylline, and pseudoephedrine. Skin biopsy results showed vacuolar degeneration of the basal cell layer, scattered necrotic keratinocytes in the epidermis, and perivascular lymphohistiocytic infiltration in the upper dermis. A patch test showed negative results. However, in an oral challenge with acebrophylline 3 hours later, lesions reappeared at the same sites. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case report of acebrophylline-induced generalized fixed drug eruption.


Subject(s)
Adult , Biopsy , Clarithromycin , Dermis , Diagnosis , Drug Eruptions , Eating , Epidermis , Female , Humans , Hyperpigmentation , Keratinocytes , Patch Tests , Pseudoephedrine , Recurrence , Skin
19.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81474

ABSTRACT

Anti-tuberculosis drugs can produce levels of hepatotoxicity ranging from mild elevation of aminotransferase to severe acute hepatitis. A few cases of drug-induced autoimmune hepatitis or the drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptom (DRESS) syndrome by anti-tuberculosis medications have been reported. However, concomitant occurrence of these two disorders has not been reported. Here, we present a case of severe acute hepatitis with DRESS syndrome and autoimmune hepatitis resulting from primary standard anti-tuberculosis drugs. Both conditions were successfully treated with a systemic steroid regimen.


Subject(s)
Antitubercular Agents , Drug Hypersensitivity Syndrome , Eosinophilia , Ethambutol , Hepatitis , Hepatitis, Autoimmune , Isoniazid
20.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 732-736, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-107954

ABSTRACT

Although narcotic analgesics are potent releasers of histamine, IgE-mediated allergic reactions to these drugs are rare. Here we report the case of a 56-year-old male who suffered from chronic urticarial and analgesics-induced skin rashes. He visited our allergy clinic to determine alternative analgesics before undergoing surgery. A drug provocation test showed a positive reaction to aspirin, but negative reactions to acetaminophen and celecoxib. Despite careful attention to his drug regimen, during surgery he developed generalized urticaria and flushing. Skin tests of allergy to latex, lidocaine, propofol, rocuronium, flomoxef, meperidine, palonosetron, pyridostigmine, and fentanyl yielded negative results, except for the prick and intradermal tests with meperidine. Thus, this patient had both an aspirin/non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs idiosyncrasy and an IgE-mediated hypersensitivity to meperidine.


Subject(s)
Acetaminophen , Analgesics , Aspirin , Exanthema , Fentanyl , Flushing , Histamine , Humans , Hypersensitivity , Hypersensitivity, Immediate , Intradermal Tests , Latex , Lidocaine , Male , Meperidine , Middle Aged , Narcotics , Propofol , Pyridostigmine Bromide , Skin Tests , Urticaria , Celecoxib
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