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1.
The Korean Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology ; : 47-57, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919336

ABSTRACT

Stiripentol is an anti-epileptic drug for the treating of refractory status epilepticus. It has been reported that stiripentol can attenuate seizure severity and reduce seizure-induced neuronal damage in animal models of epilepsy. The objective of the present study was to investigate effects of post-treatment with stiripentol on cognitive deficit and neuronal damage in the cornu ammonis 1 (CA1) region of the hippocampus proper following transient ischemia in the forebrain of gerbils. To evaluate ischemia-induced cognitive impairments, passive avoidance test and 8-arm radial maze test were performed. It was found that post-treatment with stiripentol at 20 mg/kg, but not 10 or 15 mg/kg, reduced ischemia-induced memory impairment. Transient ischemia-induced neuronal death in the CA1 region was also significantly attenuated only by 20 mg/kg stiripentol treatment after transient ischemia. In addition, 20 mg/kg stiripentol treatment significantly decreased ischemia-induced astrocyte damage and immunoglobulin G leakage. In brief, stiripentol treatment after transient ischemia ameliorated transient ischemia-induced cognitive impairment in gerbils, showing that pyramidal neurons were protected and astrocyte damage and blood brain barrier leakage were significantly attenuated in the hippocampus. Results of this study suggest stiripentol can be developed as a candidate of therapeutic drug for ischemic stroke.

2.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 432-446, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916547

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Predicting the incidence of emergency patients can be very important for the efficient use of emergency medical resources and the deployment of 119 centers in a pre-hospital setting. The study was conducted to analyze the occurrence of emergency patients using geographic information systems in a pre-hospital setting in Korea. @*Methods@#The basic data used in this study were collected from the 119 centers in Chuncheon-si, Korea, under the firefighting headquarters in Gangwon-do from January 2012 to December 2016. @*Results@#The total number of patients transferred by 119 paramedics was 72,362. Of these, 9,904 (14.7%) were emergency patients; 519 (0.7%) had cardiovascular diseases; 383 (0.5%) had cerebrovascular diseases; 3,043 (4.2%) were trauma patients; 58,413 (80.7%) were non-emergency patients. The occurrence of emergency diseases was slightly lower in the Hyoja-dong area, and it was slightly higher in the area of the outskirts of the city. The incidence of heart disease was low in the Hyoja-dong and Nam-myeon areas, but the incidence of heart disease was highly observed in other areas. The number of trauma patients was 1,265 (41.6%) in the outskirts of the city, a suburban area, showing a relatively higher incidence than other emerging diseases. @*Conclusion@#The deployment of ambulances in Chuncheon-si should be carried out considering demographic characteristics and patient occurrence.

3.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 561-569, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-916532

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Discriminating between pulmonary embolism (PE) and pneumonia in the emergency department (ED) is one of the fastidious tasks. Elderly patients are at more risk of PE and pneumonia than younger patients. This study aimed to determine whether the ratio of D-dimer to C-reactive protein (CRP) could be used as an adjunctive method to differentiate between PE and pneumonia in elderly patients. @*Methods@#Medical records of patients visiting the ED diagnosed with PE and pneumonia were examined. Cutoff values of D-dimer (μg/mL) and the ratio of D-dimer to CRP ([μg/mL]/[mg/dL]) of subjects with PE or pneumonia were analyzed. @*Results@#There were a total of 60 patients with PE and 152 patients with pneumonia. In addition, 15 patients had both PE and pneumonia. The cutoff value of D-dimer to differentiate between PE and pneumonia was 4.26 μg/mL (4,260 ng/mL) (area under curve [AUC], 0.861; sensitivity, 80.0%; specificity, 80.3%; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.805-0.917). The cutoff value of the ratio of D-dimer to CRP to differentiate between PE and pneumonia was 1.24 ([μg/mL]/[mg/dL]) (AUC, 0.919; sensitivity, 84.4%; specificity, 84.2%; 95% CI, 0.878-0.960). @*Conclusion@#The ratio of D-dimer to CRP can be used as an adjunctive method to determine whether a computed tomography pulmonary angiography or a ventilation-perfusion scan can be performed to differentiate between PE and pneumonia in elderly patients.

4.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 103-111, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-901190

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The number of elderly patients in Korea has been on the rise recently, and hence the number of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) elderly patients is also rising. The causes of cardiac arrest for the elderly vary, and, it is difficult to predict the recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in OHCA patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the predictive value of arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) results in achieving ROSC in the elderly. @*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of emergency department patients with OHCA was performed at the Kangwon National University Hospital, Korea from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2019. The initial ABGA results were compared between two patient groups, those who had achieved a return of spontaneous circulation and those who had not. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to elucidate the factors associated with ROSC. @*Results@#Overall, 229 OHCA patients were included in the final analysis. The lactate level was independently related to ROSC. A receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was plotted to obtain the best cutoff value. The lactate level <9.85 mmol/L showed the largest area under the ROC curve (AUC) to predict ROSC (AUC, 0.666; 95% confidence interval, 0.588-0.743). Multiple regression analysis was performed using the cutoff value, which was a lactate level of 9.85 (odds ratio, 2.907; 95% confidence interval, 1.432-5.902; P=0.003). @*Conclusion@#The ABGA results during the cardiopulmonary resuscitation of OHCA patients, showed that the lactate level was an independent factor associated with ROSC. The lactate cutoff value was 9.85 mmol/L.

5.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 103-111, 2021.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-893486

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The number of elderly patients in Korea has been on the rise recently, and hence the number of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) elderly patients is also rising. The causes of cardiac arrest for the elderly vary, and, it is difficult to predict the recovery of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) in OHCA patients. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to ascertain the predictive value of arterial blood gas analysis (ABGA) results in achieving ROSC in the elderly. @*Methods@#A retrospective analysis of emergency department patients with OHCA was performed at the Kangwon National University Hospital, Korea from 1 January 2016 to 31 December 2019. The initial ABGA results were compared between two patient groups, those who had achieved a return of spontaneous circulation and those who had not. Univariate and multivariable analyses were performed to elucidate the factors associated with ROSC. @*Results@#Overall, 229 OHCA patients were included in the final analysis. The lactate level was independently related to ROSC. A receiver operating characteristics (ROC) curve was plotted to obtain the best cutoff value. The lactate level <9.85 mmol/L showed the largest area under the ROC curve (AUC) to predict ROSC (AUC, 0.666; 95% confidence interval, 0.588-0.743). Multiple regression analysis was performed using the cutoff value, which was a lactate level of 9.85 (odds ratio, 2.907; 95% confidence interval, 1.432-5.902; P=0.003). @*Conclusion@#The ABGA results during the cardiopulmonary resuscitation of OHCA patients, showed that the lactate level was an independent factor associated with ROSC. The lactate cutoff value was 9.85 mmol/L.

6.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 312-318, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889906

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The objective of the study was to compare the effects of long-term and short-term embryo culture to assess whether there is a correlation between culture duration and clinical outcomes. @*Methods@#Embryos were divided into two study groups depending on whether their post-warming culture period was long-term (20–24 hours) or short-term (2–4 hours). Embryo morphology was analyzed with a time-lapse monitoring device to estimate the appropriate timing and parameters for evaluating embryos with high implantation potency in both groups. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust the confounding factors across groups. The grades of embryos and blastoceles, morphokinetic parameters, implantation rate, and ongoing pregnancy rate were compared. @*Results@#No significant differences were observed in the implantation rate or ongoing pregnancy rate between the two groups (56.3% vs. 67.9%, p=0.182; 47.3% vs. 53.6%, p=0.513). After warming, there were more expanded and hatching/hatched blastocysts in the long-term culture group than in the short-term culture group, but there was no significant between-group difference in embryo grade. Regarding pregnancy outcomes, the completion of re-expansion was faster in women who became pregnant than in those who did not for both culture durations (long-term: 2.19±0.63 vs. 4.11±0.81 hours, p=0.003; short-term: 1.17±0.29 vs. 1.94±0.76 hours, p=0.018, respectively). @*Conclusion@#The outcomes of short-term culture and long-term culture were not significantly different in vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer. Regardless of the post-warming culture time, the degree of blastocyst re-expansion 3–4 hours after warming is an important marker for embryo selection.

7.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 23-38, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834914

ABSTRACT

Objective@#This study examined the characteristics of the patients taking poison intentionally at the pre-hospital stage to prevent it at the community level. @*Methods@#We retrospectively reviewed the data that had been reported to fire stations from January 2017 to December 2018. This data included sex, age, occupation, the season of the year, time, place, methods, alcohol ingestion, transferred to the hospital or not, and we examined how taking poison had an effect on the suicide success rate. @*Results@#The subjects were a total of 1,356 patients who had been reported to fire stations due to intentionally taking poison. Forty-five point five percent of them were male, and 54.5% were female. The most common method of intentional taking poison was sedatives (58.3%), followed by pesticides (24.6%), antidepressants (19.0%), and other methods (12.6%). The home place was preferred more than any other places. The suicide success rate was 2.1% in males and 1.4% in females. For the age groups, those patients 40-64 years old tried taking poison much more than the other age groups. In the aspect of the season of the year, summer was the highest season for taking poison, at 30.3%. The daytime was more preferred than the night time. @*Conclusion@#In this study, we analyzed the characteristics of the pre-hospital intentional poisoning cases according to gender, age, occupation, season of the year, time, and between the transferred and the untransferred groups. Efforts should be made in cooperation with the community to prevent suicide attempts by intentionally taking poison.

8.
Clinics in Orthopedic Surgery ; : 435-441, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831971

ABSTRACT

Background@#Hereditary multiple exostoses (HME) is an autosomal dominant disorder. The lesion in the proximal femoral metaphysis can bring about hip dysplasia and subsequent degenerative arthritis. Due to its rare prevalence, there have been a few case reports of total hip arthroplasty (THA) for osteoarthritis secondary to HME. The aim of this study was to report mid- to long-term outcomes of THA in HME patients and discuss special considerations that should be taken into account during surgery. @*Methods@#We retrospectively evaluated the clinical and radiological results of THA for osteoarthritis secondary to HME in 11 hips of 9 patients after a minimum follow-up of 5 years (mean, 9.9 years). There were 3 men (3 hips) and 6 women (8 hips), with a mean age of 53.6 years (range, 46.8–58 years) at the index surgery in this study. Harris hip score (HHS) was used for clinical outcome assessment, and radiologically, implant stability, radiolucent lines, liner wear, and any sign of osteolysis or implant loosening were evaluated. Postoperative complications including infection, deep vein thrombosis, and dislocations were also investigated. @*Results@#Cemented stems and cementless cups with the conventional polyethylene liner were used in bilateral hips of a single patient. In the other cases, cementless implants were used with ceramic-on-ceramic bearings. The mean HHS improved from 34.8 preoperatively to 92.5 postoperatively. Polyethylene liner wear and osteolysis were observed in 1 patient with cemented stems. Radiolucent lines were observed in 2 different cases. However, the femoral stems remained stable. There were no surgery-related complications except heterotopic ossification during follow-up. @*Conclusions@#Despite the several surgical considerations, the mid- to long-term clinical and radiological outcomes of THA in HME patients were satisfactory. The abnormal, wide mediolateral diameter of the proximal metaphysis should be considered in selecting and inserting the stem with adequate anteversion. Leg length discrepancy was also common, so teleradiographs should be obtained before surgery. Intraoperative leg length evaluation might be difficult due to the morphologic changes in the proximal femur after mass excision and individual bone length differences.

9.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e379-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831666

ABSTRACT

In recent years, artificial intelligence (AI) technologies have greatly advanced and become a reality in many areas of our daily lives. In the health care field, numerous efforts are being made to implement the AI technology for practical medical treatments. With the rapid developments in machine learning algorithms and improvements in hardware performances, the AI technology is expected to play an important role in effectively analyzing and utilizing extensive amounts of health and medical data. However, the AI technology has various unique characteristics that are different from the existing health care technologies. Subsequently, there are a number of areas that need to be supplemented within the current health care system for the AI to be utilized more effectively and frequently in health care. In addition, the number of medical practitioners and public that accept AI in the health care is still low;moreover, there are various concerns regarding the safety and reliability of AI technologyimplementations. Therefore, this paper aims to introduce the current research and application status of AI technology in health care and discuss the issues that need to be resolved.

10.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e140-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-899694

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused a worldwide pandemic. Less than 6 weeks after the first confirmed cases in Korea, the patient number exceeded 5,000, which overcrowded limited hospital resources and forced confirmed patients to stay at home. To allocate medical resources efficiently, Korea implemented a novel institution for the purpose of treating patients with cohort isolation out of hospital, namely the Community Treatment Center (CTC). Herein, we report results of the initial management of patients at one of the largest CTC in Korea. A total of 309 patients were admitted to our CTC. During the first two weeks, 7 patients were transferred to the hospital because of symptom aggravation and 107 patients were discharged without any complication. Although it is a novel concept and may have some limitations, CTC may be a very cost-effective and resource-saving strategy in managing massive cases of COVID-19 or other emerging infectious diseases.

11.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 312-318, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897610

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The objective of the study was to compare the effects of long-term and short-term embryo culture to assess whether there is a correlation between culture duration and clinical outcomes. @*Methods@#Embryos were divided into two study groups depending on whether their post-warming culture period was long-term (20–24 hours) or short-term (2–4 hours). Embryo morphology was analyzed with a time-lapse monitoring device to estimate the appropriate timing and parameters for evaluating embryos with high implantation potency in both groups. Propensity score matching was performed to adjust the confounding factors across groups. The grades of embryos and blastoceles, morphokinetic parameters, implantation rate, and ongoing pregnancy rate were compared. @*Results@#No significant differences were observed in the implantation rate or ongoing pregnancy rate between the two groups (56.3% vs. 67.9%, p=0.182; 47.3% vs. 53.6%, p=0.513). After warming, there were more expanded and hatching/hatched blastocysts in the long-term culture group than in the short-term culture group, but there was no significant between-group difference in embryo grade. Regarding pregnancy outcomes, the completion of re-expansion was faster in women who became pregnant than in those who did not for both culture durations (long-term: 2.19±0.63 vs. 4.11±0.81 hours, p=0.003; short-term: 1.17±0.29 vs. 1.94±0.76 hours, p=0.018, respectively). @*Conclusion@#The outcomes of short-term culture and long-term culture were not significantly different in vitrified-warmed blastocyst transfer. Regardless of the post-warming culture time, the degree of blastocyst re-expansion 3–4 hours after warming is an important marker for embryo selection.

12.
Journal of Korean Medical Science ; : e140-2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-891990

ABSTRACT

The outbreak of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused a worldwide pandemic. Less than 6 weeks after the first confirmed cases in Korea, the patient number exceeded 5,000, which overcrowded limited hospital resources and forced confirmed patients to stay at home. To allocate medical resources efficiently, Korea implemented a novel institution for the purpose of treating patients with cohort isolation out of hospital, namely the Community Treatment Center (CTC). Herein, we report results of the initial management of patients at one of the largest CTC in Korea. A total of 309 patients were admitted to our CTC. During the first two weeks, 7 patients were transferred to the hospital because of symptom aggravation and 107 patients were discharged without any complication. Although it is a novel concept and may have some limitations, CTC may be a very cost-effective and resource-saving strategy in managing massive cases of COVID-19 or other emerging infectious diseases.

13.
Journal of the Korean Fracture Society ; : 148-156, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-766409

ABSTRACT

Periprosthetic acetabular fracture (PAF) is an uncommon complication following hip arthroplasty. However, as the number of people needing hip prostheses continues to rise, the absolute number of PAF is expected to increase as well. These fractures may occur either intraoperatively or postoperatively. Postoperative fractures can be caused by traumatic events or by pathologic conditions related to periacetabular osteolysis. The management of PAF usually depends on the degree of displacement and the stability of the acetabular component. While most of non-displaced fractures can be managed nonoperatively by protected weight bearing, displaced fractures with unstable implants require surgical intervention, which is often technically challenging. This review summarized the latest findings on the epidemiology, the diagnosis, the classification, and the treatment of PAF.


Subject(s)
Acetabulum , Arthroplasty , Classification , Diagnosis , Epidemiology , Hip Prosthesis , Hip , Osteolysis , Periprosthetic Fractures , Weight-Bearing
14.
Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine ; (6): 131-139, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761897

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Provision of optimal endometrial stromal cells is essential in uterine tissue engineering. Culture of these cells is significantly influenced by gonadotropin hormones. This investigation attempted to define the proliferation profiles of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells during in vitro culture with recombinant follicle stimulating hormone (rFSH), urinary follicle stimulating hormone (uFSH), and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). METHODS: Murine uterine endometrial stromal cells were collected from 8-week-old mice and cultured in vitro up to 72 h, with rFSH, uFSH, or hCG. Cell cycles were analyzed by BrdU assay, and cyclin D1 expression was evaluated according to dose and duration of gonadotropin treatment. RESULTS: BrdU assay showed a further inhibitory effect on murine uterine endometrial stromal cell proliferation when cultured with rFSH compared to uFSH, and a similar inhibitory proliferation profile when cultured with hCG at a specific range of concentrations. The expression of cyclin D1 of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells was down-regulated when cultured with rFSH, uFSH, or hCG, compared to control. CONCLUSIONS: FSH may inhibit the proliferation of murine uterine endometrial stromal cells during in vitro culture. rFSH may have more significant inhibitory effects on the proliferation of endometrial stromal cells than uFSH. Establishing an optimal endocrine milieu is necessary using more advanced combination of female hormones for in vitro culture of this type of cells.


Subject(s)
Animals , Female , Humans , Mice , Bromodeoxyuridine , Cell Cycle , Chorionic Gonadotropin , Cyclin D1 , Follicle Stimulating Hormone , Gonadotropins , In Vitro Techniques , Stromal Cells , Tissue Engineering , Uterus
15.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 206-210, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785637

ABSTRACT

Mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II) is a rare X-linked recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by mutation of the iduronate-2-sulfatase gene. The mutation results in iduronate-2-sulfatase deficiency, which causes the progressive accumulation of heparan sulfate and dermatan sulfate in cellular lysosomes. The phenotype, age of onset, and symptoms of MPS II vary; accordingly, the disease can be classified into either the early-onset type or the late-onset type, depending on the age of onset and the severity of the symptoms. In patients with severe MPS II, symptoms typically first appear between 2 and 5 years of age. Patients with severe MPS II usually die in the second decade of life although some patients with less severe disease have survived into their fifth or sixth decade. Here, we report the establishment of a preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) strategy using multiplex nested polymerase chain reaction, direct sequencing, and linkage analysis. Unaffected embryos were selected via the diagnosis of a single blastomere, and a healthy boy was delivered by a female carrier of MPS II. This is the first successful application of PGD in a patient with MPS II in Korea


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Age of Onset , Blastomeres , Dermatan Sulfate , Diagnosis , Embryonic Structures , Heparitin Sulfate , Korea , Lysosomal Storage Diseases , Lysosomes , Mucopolysaccharidoses , Mucopolysaccharidosis II , Multiplex Polymerase Chain Reaction , Parturition , Phenotype , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Preimplantation Diagnosis , Prostaglandins D
16.
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine ; : 31-37, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pregnancy rate and time to pregnancy after timed coitus with or without superovulation in infertile young women younger than 35 years old with low serum anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) levels (< 25th percentile). METHODS: A total of 202 patients younger than 35 years old were recruited retrospectively between 2010 and 2012. Ninety-eight women had normal serum AMH levels (25–75th percentile), 75 women had low serum AMH levels (5th≤&< 25th percentile) and 29 women had very low serum AMH levels (< 5th percentile), according to reference values for their age group. RESULTS: The clinical pregnancy rate was positively associated with AMH levels, but this trend did not reach statistical significance (43.9% vs. 41.3% vs. 27.6% in the normal, low, and very low AMH groups, respectively). The time to pregnancy was longer in the very low AMH group than in the normal AMH group (13.1±10.9 months vs. 6.9±6.1 months, p=0.030). The cumulative live birth rate over 18 months was lower in the very low AMH group than in the normal AMH group, with marginal significance (20.0% vs. 55.9%, p=0.051). The duration of infertility was negatively correlated with achieving pregnancy (odds ratio, 0.953; 95% confidence interval, 0.914–0.994; p=0.026). CONCLUSION: Conservative management, such as timed coitus with or without superovulation, should be considered in young patients who have low ovarian reserve without any infertility factors. However, for women with a long duration of infertility or very low serum AMH levels, active infertility treatment should be considered.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Pregnancy , Anti-Mullerian Hormone , Coitus , Infertility , Live Birth , Maternal Age , Ovarian Reserve , Pregnancy Rate , Reference Values , Retrospective Studies , Superovulation , Time-to-Pregnancy
17.
Anatomy & Cell Biology ; : 128-135, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715223

ABSTRACT

Cardiac arrest (CA) is sudden loss of heart function and abrupt stop in effective blood flow to the body. The patients who initially achieve return of spontaneous circulation (RoSC) after CA have low survival rate. It has been known that multiorgan dysfunctions after RoSC are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Most previous studies have focused on the heart and brain in RoSC after CA. Therefore, the aim of this research was to perform serological, physiological, and histopathology study in the lung and to determine whether or how pulmonary dysfunction is associated with low survival rate after CA. Experimental animals were divided into sham-operated group (n=14 at each point in time), which was not subjected to CA operation, and CA-operated group (n=14 at each point in time), which was subjected to CA. The rats in each group were sacrificed at 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours, and 2 days, respectively, after RoSC. Then, pathological changes of the lungs were analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining, Western blot and immunohistochemistry for tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α). The survival rate after CA was decreased with time past. We found that histopathological score and TNF-α immunoreactivity were significantly increased in the lung after CA. These results indicate that inflammation triggered by ischemia-reperfusion damage after CA leads to pulmonary injury/dysfunctions and contributes to low survival rate. In addition, the finding of increase in TNF-α via inflammation in the lung after CA would be able to utilize therapeutic or diagnostic measures in the future.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Rats , Blotting, Western , Brain , Eosine Yellowish-(YS) , Heart , Heart Arrest , Hematoxylin , Immunohistochemistry , Inflammation , Lung , Models, Animal , Mortality , Survival Rate , Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
18.
Hip & Pelvis ; : 147-155, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740433

ABSTRACT

Using modular femoral stems in total hip arthroplasty enables surgeons to make fine adjustments to individual joints and offers intraoperative flexibility. The concept of modularity has been developed in numerous shapes, resulting in a vast range of options. Among them, the greatest achievement has been made for prostheses with modular proximal sleeves. The use of these implants has resulted in excellent mid- to long-term results in a number of cases. Although the use of tapered stems with a broaching technique is gaining popularity in straightforward primary surgeries, modular femoral implants are still associated with a number of potential challenges (e.g., developmental dysplasia of the hip, infection sequelae, and skeletal dysplasia). Based on published results, it is advisable to consider it as an option for complicated cases where the proximal femur is severely deformed.


Subject(s)
Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip , Femur , Hip , Joints , Pliability , Prostheses and Implants , Surgeons
19.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 687-698, 2018.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-719085

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the characteristics of suicidal attempters, including pre-hospital patients and those who visited the emergency department. METHODS: Suicidal attempters who had been reported to the 119 call center were selected between July 2015 and June 2016. Sex, age, place, methods of suicidal attempt, season, time, and suicide success rate were reviewed in the fire center records. RESULTS: A total 961 suicide attempters were enrolled. Among them, 53.6% were males who had an approximately 2.6 times higher mortality than that of females (9.2%). The most preferred place to commit suicide was the home in both sexes (68.0% in male, 82.8% in female) and the most preferred methods was drug intoxication, particularly pesticide. The method with the highest mortality was hanging and the lowest was self-harm. The season of the highest mortality was spring. The success of suicide and the time variation were similar. Most of the un-transferred patients also selected fatal suicide attempts compared to transfer patients. CONCLUSION: Unlike previous studies, this study includes information on un-transferred patients. Overall, the probability of death was highest as more than 50 years men chose hanging as a method, which had an influence on the un-transferred patients group.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Male , Emergency Medical Services , Emergency Service, Hospital , Fires , Methods , Mortality , Seasons , Suicide , Treatment Refusal
20.
Singapore medical journal ; : 618-622, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-304099

ABSTRACT

<p><b>INTRODUCTION</b>We performed this study to find clinical features and laboratory parameters that could facilitate the process of selecting patients who should receive lumbar punctures from among those who present with headache and fever.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>We selected patients aged ≥ 16 years who presented to and received lumbar puncture in the emergency department of Kangwon National University Hospital, South Korea, between 2011 and 2013. Patients who received lumbar punctures were divided into two groups - those who were diagnosed with viral meningitis and those who were not. We compared the clinical features and laboratory data between the two groups. Key indices were then used to develop a scoring system to diagnose viral meningitis in patients and identify those who should receive lumbar punctures.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Among the patients who were included in the study, 42 had viral meningitis and 96 did not. The variables of C-reactive protein level ≤ 1.291 mg/dL, neck stiffness and vomiting were assigned 3 points, 2 points and 1 point, respectively, in the scoring system. Overall scores ≥ 4 yielded a positive likelihood ratio of 7.79 (sensitivity 0.600, specificity 0.923), while negative likelihood ratio decreased to less than 0.1 (0.072) for overall scores < 3.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Using the proposed scoring system, we were able to determine the likelihood of viral meningitis in patients presenting with fever and headache, and to successfully identify those who should receive lumbar punctures.</p>

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