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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-910817

ABSTRACT

Objective:To prepare 68Ga-2-(4, 7-bis(carboxymethyl)-1, 4, 7-triazonan-1-yl)pentanedioic acid (NODAGA)-YHWYGYTPQNVI (GE11) and evaluate its feasibility of PET imaging for pancreatic cancer. Methods:GE11 peptide was conjugated with NODAGA and then labeled with 68Ga. The labeling yield, radiochemical purity, hydrophilicity, stability and specificity in vitro were determined. Human pancreatic cancer BxPC3 nude mice models ( n=9) were established. MicroPET imaging was then obtained after 30 and 90 min, and mice were sacrificed at 90 min to acquire the radioactivity distribution of main organs and tumors. Pair t test was used to analyze the data. Results:The labeling yield was (73.5±5.4)% and radiochemical purity was more than 98%. After incubation 120 min in mouse serum at 37 ℃, radiochemical purity was more than 92%. The uptake was specific in BxPC3 cell lines. MicroPET images showed that 68Ga-NODAGA-GE11 could accumulate quickly in tumor. Value of tumor uptake was significantly higher than that of normal pancreas at 90 min ((1.38±0.25) vs (0.49±0.07) %ID/g; t=12.67, P<0.05), and the radio-uptake of blood, muscle and bone was lower than that of tumor. Conclusions:68Ga-NODAGA-GE11 is easy to be prepared with high radiochemical purity and good stability, and can specifically target BxPC3 xenograft tumor. However, due to the high uptake in the kidneys and liver, the value of 68Ga-NODAGA-GE11 in PET imaging for pancreatic tumor needs further study.

2.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 127-134, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923224

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To screen the differentially expressed microRNA(miRNA) in the serum of patients with occupational pneumoconiosis(hereinafter referred to as pneumoconiosis), and explore their potential target genes and related transcription factors using bioinformatics analysis. METHODS: The pneumoconiosis and miRNA related reports were searched from the Google academic website. The miRNA sequencing or high-throughput microarray data sets based on the serum samplings of pneumoconiosis patients(case group) and normal healthy individuals(control group) were selected to screen for the differentially expressed miRNAs. Serum samples of patients with occupational silicosis and healthy controls were collected, and the relative expression of miRNAs was detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction to verify the differential expression of miRNAs. The target genes of the differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted in the database of miRWalk, analyzed by Gene Ontology(GO) enrichment analysis, Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes(KEGG) signaling pathway prediction. The transcription factor analysis of target genes was carried out by the database for annotation. RESULTS: Seven differentially expressed miRNAs were screened out and verified. Among them, five were up-regulated and two were down-regulated. GO enrichment analysis and KEGG signaling pathway prediction showed that the up-regulated differentially expressed miRNAs were mainly related to RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter transcription and extracellular matrix, and were mainly involved in the occurrence and development of pulmonary fibrosis through adhesion plaque, protein digestion and absorption, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B and transforming growth factor-β signaling pathways. The down-regulated differentially expressed miRNAs were mainly related to the transcription of RNA polymerase Ⅱ promoter and the activity of DNA sequence specific transcription factors, that were mainly involved in the occurrence and development of pulmonary fibrosis through the signaling pathway of related hormone release. Transcription factor annotation results showed that SMAD family member 3, proto-oncogene JUN, forkhead box O1, early growth factor 1, β-catenin and other transcription factors may have an important relationship with the occurrence and development of pneumoconiosis. CONCLUSION: The seven miRNAs were differentially expressed in the serum of patients with pneumoconiosis. These miRNAs could be used as potential biomarkers for understanding the pathogenesis, the early diagnosis and treatment pneumoconiosis.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879144

ABSTRACT

This paper aimed to explore the mechanism of the split components of Phytolaccae Radix by means of network pharmaco-logy. Based on the theoretical hypothesis of the nature and taste of traditional Chinese medicine, the chemical components of the separated components of Phytolaccae Radix were selected by using Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology Database(TCMSP) and Traditional Chinese Medicines IntegratedDatabase(TCMID) databases in combination with related literatures. Relevant target analysis was carried out based on PubChem and SwissTargetPrediction databases. Targets corresponding to disease were excavated based on GeneCards for each split component, corresponding potential targets were obtained through mapping the target set of target compounds to disease targets. GO biological process analysis and KEGG pathway enrichment analysis were performed on the mapped targets with the help of DAVID database. Based on Cytoscape software and the corresponding efficacy, the network diagram of "medicinal material-split components-compound-target-pathway" was constructed to explore the mechanism of different efficacy of the separated components of Cytoscape. And the target purgation and diuretic mapping was used as the target of the traditional efficacy of smoothening secretion for the first time. The study explored esculentoside component, fatty oil component and phenolic acid component, a total of 30 target compounds and 301 corresponding targets, involving 44 potential targets for "anti-inflammatory", 50 potential targets for "immunoregulation", 52 potential targets for "smoothening secretion", 28 potential targets for "antibacterial activity", 28 potential targets for "antiviral effect", and 29 potential targets for "antitumor effect". Topological analysis revealed 14 key gene targets such as MAPK8, MAPK14, EGFR and PTGS2. A total of 684 GO entries and 235 KEGG pathways were obtained through bioinformatics enrichment analysis, mainly involving TNF signaling pathway, NF-kappaB signaling pathway and MAPK signaling pathway. This study revealed the multi-component, multi-target, and multi-channel action mechanism of the split components of Phytolaccae Radix, which provided certain basis for the next step to clarify the split components of Phytolaccae Radix through the method of system biology, and injected new content and significance into the study of properties and flavors theory.


Subject(s)
Drugs, Chinese Herbal/pharmacology , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Signal Transduction , Software
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867117

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the correlation between changes of cerebral striatal dopamine D 2 receptors non-displaceable binding potential (BP ND), functional connectivity (FC) and clinical symptoms in patients with first-episode major depressive disorder (MDD), by 11C-Raclopride PET/CT and resting state fMRI (rs-fMRI). Methods:Thirty-eight first-episode depression patients (MDD group) and forty healthy volunteers (control group) matched with age, gender and years of education were selected. All subjects were scored with Hamilton depression scale (24 versions) before enrollment.All the subjects underwent cerebral 11C-Raclopride PET/CT and rs-fMRI in resting state. MIAKAT and DPARSF were used to analyze BP ND of cerebral striatal dopamine D 2 receptors and FC of striatum and the whole brain in subjects, respectively. Changes of striatal dopamine D 2 receptors BP ND and striatum and the whole brain FC of MDD were analyzed, and correlations among BP ND, FC and Hamilton depression rating scale were calculated by Rest 1.8 and SPSS 20.0. Results:Compared with the control group, BP ND of bilateral caudate nucleus and putamen dopamine D 2 receptors in the MDD group were decreased(left caudate nucleus: 1.16±0.37 vs 1.48±0.39, right caudate nucleus: 1.21±0.31 vs 1.62±0.48, left putamen: 1.73±0.47 vs 2.21±0.66, right putamen: 1.79±0.46 vs 2.17±0.65, t=3.66, -4.42, -3.68, -2.91, all P<0.001). Besides, FC of left caudate nucleus and left medial prefrontal lobes(4.38±1.31, 2.35±0.48), left caudate nucleus and left middle frontal gyrus(3.36±1.11, 1.64±0.56), left caudate nucleus and left superior frontal gyrus(3.14±0.78, 1.64±0.53), left putamen and left medial prefrontal lobes(4.10±1.42, 2.42±0.64, t=6.82, P<0.05), right caudate nucleus and right medial prefrontal lobes (4.32±1.30, 2.33±0.63, t=8.51, P<0.05), right putamen and right medial prefrontal lobes(3.77±1.25, 2.31±0.63, t=6.49, P<0.05)in the MDD group were increased.FC of left putamen and left anterior cingulate(1.60±0.55, 2.68±0.84, t=-6.76, P<0.05), right caudate nucleus and right amygdala (1.67±0.57, 3.46±0.64, t=-8.27, P<0.05) in the MDD group were decreased. Furthermore, there were significant negative correlations between D 2 receptors BP ND of bilateral striatum and FC of the same lateral striatum and medial prefrontal lobes ( r=-0.66, -0.50, -0.67, -0.47, all P<0.05). In MDD group, FC in left caudate nucleus and left medial prefrontal lobe were positively correlated with total score of Hamilton depression scale and anxiety somatization( r=0.55, 0.68, P<0.001). FC in left putamen and left medial prefrontal cortex were positively correlated with cognitive impairment and retardation ( r=0.37, 0.40, P=0.021, 0.001). FC of right caudate nucleus and right medial prefrontal lobe were positively correlated with Hamilton depression scale total score and anxiety somatization ( r=0.52, 0.67, all P<0.001). FC in right putamen and right medial prefrontal cortex was positively correlated with cognitive impairment ( r=0.50, P=0.002). Conclusion:The abnormal BP ND of cerebral striatal dopamine D 2 receptor of patients with first-episode depression is related to the abnormal activity of dopamine reward circuit related neurons in patients with MDD, which was related to clinical symptoms of depression. It may be involved in the pathogenesis of depression.

5.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2987-2997, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-877884

ABSTRACT

Lung cancer is a malignant tumor characterized by a rapid proliferation rate, less survivability, high mortality, and metastatic potential. This review focuses on updated research about the clinical application of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) as an adjuvant therapy to lung cancer treatment and the mechanisms of TCM effect on lung cancer in vitro and in vivo. We summarized the recent 5 years of different research progress on clinical applications and antitumor mechanisms of TCM in the treatment of lung cancer. As a potent adjuvant therapy, TCM could enhance conventional treatments (chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and epidermal growth factor receptors [EGFRs] tyrosine kinase inhibitors [TKIs]) effects as well as provide synergistic effects, enhance chemotherapy drugs chemosensitivity, reverse drug resistance, reduce adverse reactions and toxicity, relieve patients' pain and improve quality of life (QOL). After treating with TCM, lung cancer cells will induce apoptosis and/or autophagy, suppress metastasis, impact immune reaction, and therapeutic effect of EGFR-TKIs. Therefore, TCM is a promisingly potent adjuvant therapy in the treatment of lung cancer and its multiple mechanisms are worthy of an in-depth study.


Subject(s)
Combined Modality Therapy , Drugs, Chinese Herbal/therapeutic use , Humans , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Protein Kinase Inhibitors , Quality of Life
6.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1666-1671, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-823290

ABSTRACT

Prostate cancer is the most common malignant tumor of male reproductive system, which seriously threatens men's health. It has been shown that the existence of zinc ions can inhibit the growth of prostate cancer cells. In addition, photothermal treatment of cancer is attracting more and more attention due to its high accuracy and efficiency. In this study, zinc ions loaded black phosphorus nanosheets (BP-Zn) were prepared, and the photothermal therapy efficiency of the system on human prostate cancer cells (PC-3) was evaluated. The inhibition effect of zinc ions on PC-3 cells was studied. It was demonstrated that the toxicity of zinc ions on PC-3 cells was concentration- and time-dependent. Moreover, it can be seen from in vitro photothermal therapy that the treatment effect of black phosphorus assisted by zinc ions is superior to that of black phosphorus alone. This study further studied the in vivo therapeutic effect of BP-Zn. The results once again confirmed that the combinational photothermal treatment of zinc ions and BP had excellent anti-tumor effect. The animal procedures were approved by the Animal Ethics Committee of Tsinghua Shenzhen International Graduate School.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-755279

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the changes of dopamine D2 receptor in dopamine pathway in in-somnia patients and discuss its clinical significance. Methods From January 2016 to December 2016, 15 patients with insomnia (1 male, 14 females, age:(44.3±8.6) years) and 15 gender-/age-matched-healthy volunteers (control group;3 males, 12 females, age:(40.5±9.0) years) were included to undergo resting brain 11C-Raclopride PET/CT imaging. The D2 receptor binding potential (BPND) of the dopamine pathway was calculated by molecular imaging and kinetic analysis toolbox ( MIAKAT) software. The BP ND , Hamilton depression scale ( HAMD) , transient and graphics memory scale results were compared with two-sample t test and Mann-Whitney u test between the two groups. Pearson correlation analysis was used to evaluate the correlation between BPND(nucleus accumbens, caudate nucleus, putamen) and Pittsburgh sleep quality in-dex ( PSQI) , HAMD, course of disease, transient memory and graphical memory scale scores in the patient group. Results The BP ND in bilateral putamen, nucleus accumbens and left caudate nucleus of patients was lower than that of controls( left putamen:z=-2.717, right putamen:z=-2.883, both P<0.01;left nu-cleus accumbens:t=-2.269, right nucleus accumbens:t=-2.410, both P<0.05;left caudate nucleus:t=-2.632,P<0. 05), but the BPND level of right caudate nucleus was not significantly different(z=-0.850, P>0.05) . The scores of HAMD in the patient group were higher than those in control group ( t=10. 273, P<0. 01), while the scores of instantaneous memory (t=-4.888, P<0.01) and graphical memory scale (t=-2.624, P<0.05) were lower. There were significant negative correlations between the BP ND of bilateral nucleus ac-cumbens, caudate nucleus and putamen and the course of insomnia in the patient group ( r range:-0.761 to-0.682, all P<0.01) . Conclusion Patients with insomnia have abnormal neurotransmitter system of dopa-mine D2 and it may play a role in the pathogenesis of insomnia.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-745433

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the imaging features of 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose(FDG) PET/CT in patients with autoimmune encephalitis (AE) and evaluate the value of PET/CT on early diagnosis of AE.Methods Sixteen patients with AE (11 males,5 females,age:11-68 years) between March 2012 and December 2017 were included.Patients had positive antibodies in cerebrospinal fluid or (and) serum without immunity therapy.The imaging (18F-FDG PET/CT,MRI) and clinical data were analyzed.Results Nine patients suffered from anti-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) encephalitis and other 7 patients had limbic encephalitis (LE),which including 2 cases of anti-leucine-rich glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1) encephalitis,3 cases of anti-γ-aminobutyric acid-B receptor(GABAsR) encephalitis,1 case of anti-Hu encephalitis and 1 case of anti-Yo encephalitis.Fifteen patients showed scattered hypermetabolism or hypometabolism in the brain on PET/CT imaging,and the positive rate was 15/16.Among those patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis,hypermetabolism in frontotemporal parietal lobes and hypometabolism in occipital lobe were shown;hypermetabolism in limbic systems including temporal lobe and hippocampus were shown in LE.No abnormal CT density was found at the same phase.Slightly higher signals on T2,fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) were detected in some patients,and the positive rate was 7/16.Conclusions Patients with AE of different types have different characteristics on 18F-FDG PET/CT.18F-FDG PET/CT has high positive rate for early diagnosis of AE.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802183

ABSTRACT

Objective:Screen out the antitumor constituents of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma base on system pharmacology with chemical constituents of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma as study objects, in order to provide the theoretical basis for the development of antitumor and nontoxic activities of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma. Method:The small molecule ligand library of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma was built based on Traditional Chinese Medicine Systems Pharmacology(TCMSP), energy of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma was matched with the key protein targets of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/protein kinase B (PI3K/Akt) signal pathway by molecular docking (SYBYL2.1, Tripos), the Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma-targets network model was established based on Cytoscape 3.5.1, and the physicochemical properties of the antitumor activity in Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma were predicted by using SwissADME and admetSAR. Result:There were 25 small molecule constituents of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma. Through the energy match, key antitumor constituents of Pinelliae Rhizoma were gondoic acid, 10,13-eicosadienoic, baicalin, 12,13-epoxy-9-hydroxynonadeca-7,10-dienoic acid. Key antitumor constituents of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata were deltoin, sitosterol, neokadsuranic acid B, 11,14-eicosadienoic acid. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3Kα), phosphatase and tensin homolog deleted on chromosome ten (PTEN), phosphoinositide dependent protein kinase 1 (PDK1) were key antitumor targets of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma. There were 8 key antitumor constituents of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma, which had a low CYP450 inhibition and basically followed the Lipinski rule. Conclusion:Antitumor nontoxic constituents of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata-Pinelliae Rhizoma and key targets are screened out from the molecular level, which provides the new ideas for the effective use of nontoxic traditional Chinese medicine(TCM) and breaks the restrictions in using nontoxic TCM.

10.
Journal of Medical Postgraduates ; (12): 602-607, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-700880

ABSTRACT

Objective Diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) severely affects the life of women and the estrogen replacement therapy for it has obvious adverse effects. This article aimed to study the effect of polygoni multiflori radix preparata (PMRP) on DOR in rats and provide a therapeutic option for clinical medication. Methods Sixty female SD rats were randomly divided into six groups of equal number,normal control,DOR model control,high-dose PMRP (4 g/kg),medium-dose PMRP (2 g/kg),low-dose PMRP (1 g/kg),and positive control. The DOR model was established by gavage of tripterygium glycosides as 75 mg/kg every morning,followed by administration of PMRP in the PMRP groups,Estradiol valerate at 0.18 mg/kg in the positive control group and distilled water in the model control group in the afternoon,all for 30 consecutive days. The estrous cycle of the rats was observed,the levels of serum estradiol (E2),follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH),luteinizing hor-mone (LH),anti-Müllerian hormone (AMH) and inhibin-B (INH- B) were determined by ELISA,the ovarian and uterine indexes were obtained,and the ovarian morphology was observed by HE stai-ning,and the counts of follicles at different stages were recorded. Results Compared with the normal controls,the DOR model rats showed modeling time-related lengthening,irregularity and even disorder of the estrous cycle,with a few epithelial cells or keratino-cytes and leucocytes on the vaginal smear at 11-30 days. The estrous cycle was normal in the PMRP and positive control groups at 1-10 days and relatively prolonged at 11-30 days. In comparison with the normal control group,the DOR model rats exhibited a signifi-cantly decreased levels of serum E2 ([302.6±42.9] vs [155.7±46.8] pg/mL,P<0.05) and INH-B ([494.5±84.1] vs [299.2± 106.8] pg/mL,P<0.05) but increased levels of FSH ([7.2±0.5] vs [21.7±1.2] mIU/mL,P<0.05) and LH ([17.4±1.2] vs [25.0±1.0] mU/mL,P<0.05). The INH-B level was markedly elevated in the PMRP and positive control groups as compared with that in the DOR models (P<0.05). The counts of follicles and corpora lutea were remarkably lower in the DOR model rats (P<0.05) while that of developing follicles markedly higher in the PMRP and positive control groups than in the normal control group (P<0.05). The numbers of atretic follicles+corpora lutea were significantly increased in the high-dose PMRP group but decreased in the low-dose PMRP group (P<0.05) and positive controls (P<0.05). The counts of primordial and developing follicles were dramatically higher in the PMRP and positive control groups than in the DOR model controls (P<0.01) and so were the numbers of atretic follicles+corpora lutea in the high-and medium-dose PMRP groups (P<0.05). Conclusion Polygoni multiflori radix preparata can effectively protect the reproductive function of female rats by inhibiting tripterygium glycosides-induced toxicity to the ovary.

11.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 495-501, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-707962

ABSTRACT

Objective To explore the correlation between changes of striatal dopamine D2receptors non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) in 11C-Raclopride PET-CT and brain regional homogeneity (ReHo) derived from resting state functional MRI (fMRI) in patients with first-episode major depressive disorder (MDD) . Methods Patients with first-episode MDD and age and sex matched healthy volunteers accepted brain 11C-Raclopride PET-CT and resting state fMRI. MIAKAT based on MATLAB and Rest 1.8 were used to calculate BPNDof brain dopamine D2receptors and brain ReHo, respectively. Changes of striatal dopamine D2receptors BPNDand brain ReHo values were analyzed by paired-sample t test and two independent sample t-test, and Pearson correlation analysis was used to analyze the correlation between BPNDand ReHo. Results Twenty patients with first-episode MDD were enrolled as MDD group, and 20 healthy volunteers as the control group. The two groups were all right-handed, and there were no statistical differences for age (t =1.33,P=0.19)and gender(χ2=0.10,P=0.75). Compared with the control group, the ReHo in MDD patients increased in the bilateral striatum (caudate nucleus and putamen), bilateral medial prefrontal lobes, and right thalamic (27 to 56 voxels, P<0.05) and decreased in the left middle frontal gyrus, the left anterior cingulate, the left hippocampal and the right amygdala (21 to 35 voxels, P<0.05). In addition, compared with the control group, BPNDof bilateral caudate nucleus and putamen dopamine D2receptors in the MDD group were decreased (t=-4.41 to -3.13, P<0.05). Furthermore, there was a negative correlation between D2 receptors BPNDand ReHo of bilateral caudate nucleus and putamen (r=-0.81 to-0.62, P<0.05). And there was a negative correlation between ReHo of the bilateral medial prefrontal lobes and BPNDof the same lateral caudate nucleus and putamen D2receptors in the MDD group (r=-0.86 to-0.52, P<0.05). Besides, ReHo of the left middle frontal gyrus, right thalamic, left anterior cingulate, left hippocampal and right amygdala had no correlation with the D2receptors BPNDof the striatum in the MDD group (-0.27 to 0.39, P>0.05). Conclusion There were abnormal levels of dopamine neurotransmitter in the cerebral striatum regions and abnormal brain activities in the brain region associated with dopamine reward circuit in the first-episode MDD patients, and there was a correlation between the two abnormalities.

12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-690655

ABSTRACT

Exposure to free silica induces silicosis and myofibroblasts are regarded as primary effector cells. Fibrocytes can differentiate into myofibroblast. Therefore, the present study was designed to investigate whether fibrocytes participate in silicosis. The rat model of silicosis was established. Hematoxylin-eosin stainings and Masson stainings were used to evaluate the histopathology and collagen deposition. Flow cytometry and immunofluorescence were performed to detect the number of fibrocytes and their contribution to myofibroblasts. Results showed that fibrocytes participate in silicosis. Trend analysis of different sources of myofibroblasts during silicosis indicated that fibrocytes and lung type II epithelial cell-derived myofibroblasts play an important role in the early stage of silicosis, while resident lung fibroblast-derived myofibroblasts play a predominant role during the fibrosis formative period.


Subject(s)
Animals , Disease Models, Animal , Lung , Cell Biology , Myofibroblasts , Pathology , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Silicon Dioxide , Toxicity , Silicosis , Pathology
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689584

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To analyze the relationship between the early treatment response and the pregnosis in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia(ALL).</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Two hundred and Seventy-eight ALL children diagnosed and treated in Hainan general hospital from March 2013 to March 2017 were collected. All ALL children received therapy with CCLg-ALL-2008 regimen. The 3 year event-free survival (EFS) rate of ALL children in different groups was analyzed in terms of 4 indexes including sensitivity response to prednison at day 8 (D8-SRP), bone marrow remission at day 15 (D15-BMR) and at day 33 (D33-BMR), and minimal residual disease at day 33 (D33-BMR), and minimal residual disease at day 33(D33-MRD). These 4 indexes and other indexes possibly affecting the prognosis of ALL children were enrolled in Cox regression model for analysis of independent factors affecting the prognosis of ALL children.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>The D8-SRP test showed that among 269 ALL children, 240(89.22%) cases displayed prednisone poor response (PPR); the 3-year EFS rate in predrisone good response(PGR) group was significantly higher than that in PPR group(P<0.05). The D15-BMR detection showed that among 262 ALL children, the bone marrow remission(BMR) as M1 was observed in 230 cases (87.79%), M2 in 20 cases (7.63%) and M3 in 9 cases (4.58%); the 3-year EFS rate showed as follows:M1 group >M2 group >M3 group(P<0.05). The D33-BMR detection showed that among 257 ALL children, the BMR as M1 was observed in 227 cases (88.33%), M2 in 21 cses(8.17%) and M3 in 9 caes (3.51%); the 3-year EFS rate in 3 groups showed as follows: M1 group >M2 group >M3 group(P<0.05). The D33-MRD detection showed that among 185 ALL children, MRD<10 was found in 128 cases (69.19%), MRD≥10-10 in 43 cases (23.24%), MRD ≥10 in 14 cases (7.57%); the 3-year EFS rate in 3 groups showed as follows: MRD <10 group > MRD≥ 10-10 group>MRD≥10 group. The Cox regression analysis showed that PPR in D8-SRP test, M2 and M3 in D15 and D33 BMR detection, and MRD≥10 in D33 MRD detection as well as T-ALL typing were independent risk factors affecting the prognosis of ALL children.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>The early treatment response can predict the prognosis of ALL children, which is an independent prognostic factor for ALL children.</p>


Subject(s)
Child , Disease-Free Survival , Humans , Neoplasm, Residual , Precursor Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma , Prednisone , Prognosis
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753947

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize and analyze the status of health cooperation achievement strategies between China and the countries along the "Belt and Road",determine the implications thereof, and provide reference for future practical cooperation between the China and those countries in the field of health. Methods : The relevant literature was retrieved from the research database from articles published in both Chinese and English during the period from 2013 to 2017, and the literature research method was used to summarize the status quo of health cooperation. Results : According to the exclusion criteria, 116 articles were selected. The analysis showed that the main research focus falls in the following seven aspects for both domestic and foreign scholars : The dissemination of Chinese medicine culture promotes international cooperation in Chinese medicine; the prevention and control of infectious diseases needs to further strengthen the construction of international mechanisms; the health services and systems requiremutual learning from international experience; health industry has broad prospects for development; health emergency cooperation encounters the problem of inadequate coordination mechanisms and language barriers; the research on health development assistance goes deep; and health professionals training focuses on training mode. Conclusions: The existing research topics were of great coverage in range and had the highest attention to Chinese medicine,yet least considered talent cultivation. The research showed that cooperation in various health departments emphasized on international experience and the joint participation of the government and civil society. However, the research on laws and regulations, international conventions and practices, and different families' cooperation requirements related with health cooperation mechanisms need to be further strengthened.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-753946

ABSTRACT

Objective: To understand the health cooperation intentions, demands, advantages and obstacles that are being experienced by countries along the Belt and Road,and to provide reference for China to deepen health cooperation with those countries in regard. Methods : A seminar was held at the High Level Symposium to find out about the health cooperation status among the "Belt and Road" countries, whereby the theme was: "Belt and Road for Health Cooperation towards a Health Silk Road". Therefore, a survey was conducted among 217 Chinese and foreign guests who were invited to attend the seminar. 209 questionnaires were valid and the effective rate was 96. 3% after the questionnaire analysis carried out using SPSS22. 0. Results : Research results showed that among the respondents, 91. 7% of the surveyed foreign partners are willing to cooperate in health, while only 73. 2% of the Chinese respondents desired the cooperation. The demands for health cooperation between both countries was mainly about health industry,medical and health services, and infectious disease prevention and control. Both China and foreign countries confirmed that cooperation convenience and long-term partnership were the advantages of health cooperation among Belt and Road countries, while differences were highlighted in preferential policies. The biggest challenge was found to be the cultural differences. Among other disadvantages are the lack of communication platforms, the pressure of laws and regulations, unstable policies, etc. Conclusions : The willingness and broad space to cooperate in health are strong and large forboth China and foreign countries,and they are intending to put much of emphasis on health institutions,medical and health services and prevention and control of infectious diseases in the future. It is hence suggested that health cooperation should make good use of existing advantages of partnership and convenience,and overcome found obstacles in orderto deepen cooperation in the health industry.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-311366

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of SiO2 on fibrocytes and whether fibrocytes participate in silicosis in vivo.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>A macrophagocyte (AM)/fibrocyte coculture system was established, and AMs were treated with 100 μg/mL SiO2. Flow cytometry was used to detect the number of fibrocytes. Real-time PCR was performed to measure the expression of collagen I, collagen III, and α-SMA mRNA. The levels of collagen I, collagen III, and TGF-β1 protein were determined by ELISA. Immunohistochemical staining was performed to measure α-SMA protein expression. A rat silicosis model was induced by intratracheal instillation of SiO2. Lung histopathological evaluation was conducted using HE and Masson's trichrome staining after 1 and 9 weeks. The number of fibrocytes in peripheral blood or lung tissue of rat was detected by flow cytometry. Double-color immunofluorescence was applied to identify fibrocytes in the lung tissue.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Peripheral blood monocytes were found to differentiate into fibrocytes in vitro in a time-dependent manner, and exposure to crystalline silica might potentiate fibrocyte differentiation. In addition, fibrocytes were able to migrate from peripheral blood to the lung tissue, and the number of fibrocytes was increased after SiO2 exposure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>Silica exposure potentiates fibrocyte differentiation, and fibrocytes may participate in silicosis in vivo.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Differentiation , Collagen , Metabolism , Fibroblasts , Lung , Metabolism , Pathology , Male , Rats , Silicon Dioxide , Toxicity , Silicosis , Metabolism , Pathology
17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-607169

ABSTRACT

Objective To observe non-displaceable binding potential (BPND) changes of striatal dopamine D2 receptors(SDDR) in patients with first-episode major depressive disorder (MDD) using 11C-Raclopride PET/CT,and to analyze the relationship between BPND and Hamilton rating scale for depression (HAM-D).Methods From December 2014 to December 2015,patients with first-episode MDD and age/gender-matched healthy controls underwent brain MRI and 11C-Raclopride PET/CT in this prospective study.BPND of bilateral SDDR was calculated by molecular imaging and kinetic analysis toolbox (MIAKAT).BPND changes of bilateral SDDR and their relationship with HAM-D score were analyzed.Paired t test,two-sample t test and Pearson correlation analysis were used.Results A total of 20 MDD patients (8 males,12 females,average age: (32.80±9.76) years) and 20 healthy controls (9 males,11 females,average age:(29.25±6.93) years) were enrolled in this study.The 11C-Raclopride uptake in brain tissue of the MDD group and control group were mainly distributed in bilateral striatum,and very few 11C-Raclopride was distributed in bilateral cerebral cortex and cerebellum.In MDD group,the BPND level of bilateral SDDR had no statistical differences(t values: 0.69,0.35,both P>0.05),and similar results were found in the control group(t values: 0.28,0.24,both P>0.05).Compared with the control group,however,the MDD group had lower BPND level of bilateral SDDR(t values: 3.13-4.41,all P<0.05).The BPND of bilateral caudate nucleus and/or putamen D2 receptors was correlated with HAM-D total score,anxiety/somatization factor score,cognitive impairment factor score,retardation factor score and sleep disturbance factor score(r values: from-0.688 to-0.453,all P<0.05).Conclusions The binding potential of SDDR in patients with first-episode MDD is declined,and the BPND level of SDDR is correlated with symptoms of depression.The abnormality of SDDR may be an important molecular mechanism of the abnormality of midbrain-striatal dopamine reward circuits in MDD patients.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694138

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Uyghur indoor sand therapy on the hemodynamics of femoral artery bidirectional fluid-solid coupling,and to discuss the influence of Uyghur indoor sand therapy on the formation of atherosclerosis as well as on the rupture of blood vessels.Methods This study of indoor Uyghur sand therapy was conducted in young healthy volunteers.The heart rate,peak value of femoral artery blood flow velocity and inner diameter were determined,and the results were statistically analyzed.Three dimensional fluid-solid coupling model of human femoral artery was reconstructed.Taking the sine function as the initial condition,the non-steady field bidirectional fluid-solid coupling simulation was conducted by using Fluent software,and the effect of indoor Uyghur sand therapy on femoral artery wall shear stress as well as on yon Mises equivalent stress was evaluated.Results The average heart rates before and after indoor Uyghur sand therapy were (76.32±11.40) beats per minute and (92.69±16.09) beats per minute respectively,the difference was statistically significant (P<0.05).The Renolds number of femoral artery before and after indoor Uyghur sand therapy was 1855.35 and 2518.4 respectively.The Uyghur sand therapy had more obvious influence on the increase of femoral artery wall shear stress and von Mises equivalent stress.Conclusion Uyghur sand therapy can increase Renolds number of femoral artery and improve the blood flow state of human femoral artery,but after the treatment the femoral artery blood flow pattern changed from laminar flow to turbulence flow,which may lead to the formation of hemangioma,therefore,for patients whose inner wall of blood vessel are thinner the sand-buried time,burying-sand thickness and temperature should be strictly controlled.Uyghur sand therapy can also increase wall shear stress,which plays a certain positive role in preventing atherosclerosis and thrombosis caused by thickening of the arterial wall.After Uyghur sand therapy,the von Mises equivalent stress is remarkably increased,which can increase the possibility of angiorrhexis at femoral artery bifurcation,thus,full attention should be paid to patients during the performance of Uyghur sand therapy.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694134

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the influence of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in peripheral blood in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) before argon-helium cryoablation on the patient's prognosis.Methods The related clinical and pathological data of 72 HCC patients,who had received percutaneous argon-helium cryoablation,were retrospectively analyzed.Based on the preoperative NLR value,the patients were divided into low NLR group (NLR<3.5) and high NLR group (NLR > 3.5).The postoperative overall survival time of the patients in the two groups were statistically analyzed,and the risk factors that might affect the prognosis were evaluated by using univariate and multivariate analysis.Results Argon-helium cryoablation was carried out in all patients.The median overall survival time was 22.4 months;the median overall survival time of the high NLR group and the low NLR group was 13.2 months and 24.2 months respectively,the difference in the overall survival time between the two groups was statistically significant (P=0.003).Univariate analysis showed that the primary tumor size,liver function Child-Pugh classification,albumin,total bilirubin,cholinesterase and NLR value were the related factors that affected the postoperative overall survival time of HCC after argon-helium cryoablation (P<0.05).Multivariate analysis revealed that the primary tumor size and NLR value were the independent prognostic factors that affected the postoperative overall survival time of HCC after argon-helium cryoablation (P<0.05).Conclusion Preoperative NLR value in peripheral blood can be used as a prognostic indicator for patients with HCC undergoing argonhelium cryoablation;the larger the primary hepatic lesion is and/or the higher the NLR value is,the worse the prognosis of the patient will be.

20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-668178

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Previous studies have found that electroacupuncture (EA) could effectively inhibit the expression of p38 and Fas mRNA mediated by MAPK signaling pathways, to further inhibit the apoptosis of chondrocytes. Meanwhile,EA delays the degeneration of articular cartilage mediated by JAK-STAT signaling pathway through upregulating the expression levels of transforming growth factor β1 as well as the mRNA expression levels of STAT3, Smad3 and LepR.OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of EA on the cartilage ultrastructure and mRNA expression levels of Ras, Raf,MEK1/2 and ERK1/2 in the rat with knee osteoarthritis.METHODS: The rat models of knee osteoarthritis were established, and randomized into four groups at 2 weeks after modeling: model group received no interventions; 15- and 30-minute EA groups were given EA at the Hsiyen (medical,extra) of bilateral knee joints for 15 and 30 minutes, respectively; PD98059 group was given the intravenous injection of extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor PD98059. The intervention time was 3 months. Those rats received normal feeding served as blank control group.RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Transmission electron microscopy showed that compared with the model group, the chondrocytes in the 15- and 30-minute EA and PD98059 groups changed little, the nucleus was larger, partial endoplasmic reticulum cisterna expanded, and the mitochondria structure was clear. ELISA results showed that the 15-and 30-minute EA and PD98059 groups had a significant decrease in the level of tumor necrosis factor α compared with the model group (P < 0.01). RT-PCR revealed that the mRNA expression levels of Ras, Raf, MEK1/2 and ERK1/2 in the 15- and 30-minute EA and PD98059 groups were significantly downregulated (P < 0.05 or P < 0.01). These results indicate that EA can alleviate chondrocyte injury in the rat osteoarthritic model, reduce the level of tumor necrosis factor α in the synovium, and downregulated the expression levels of Ras, Raf, MEK1/2 and ERK1/2 mRNA, further delaying the chondrocyte degeneration in osteoarthritis.

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