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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1718-1724, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013705

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role of autophagy in the dysfunction of testicular TM4 cell junction induced by ERα down-regulation. Methods TM4 cells were treated with different concentrations of E R a inhibitor ICI182780 (ICI), and the proliferative activity of TM4 cells was detected by CCK-8 method. The number and morphological changes of TM4 cells were observed by light microscope. The levels of E R a, junction function related proteins and autophagy marker proteins were detected by Western blot. The expression and localization of Cx43 were detected by immunofluorescence staining. The cells were treated with chloroquine (CQ) and ICI for 24 h. The expression levels of autophagy and junction function related proteins were detected by Western blot. Results When ICI concentration was 50 nmol • L ~ or above, the cell viability decreased significantly. The increase of cell vacuoles in ICI group was observed by light microscope. Compared with normal control group, the protein expression levels of E R a, ZO-1, occludin, claudin-11, p-catenin and Cx43 in ICI groups significantly dropped, while the expression levels of N-cadherin and E-cadherin had no significant changes; LC3 II significantly rose, while p62 expression significantly fell. The results of immunofluorescence showed that the fluorescence expression of Cx43 in ICI group decreased significantly, but the position of CX43 did not change significantly. Compared with ICI group, the expression levels of LC3 II, p62, Cx43, ZO-1 and β-Catenin significantly increased. Conclusions The down-regulation of E R a leads to damage of TM4 cell junction function, which may be related to the activation of autophagy.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 2346-2353, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013677

ABSTRACT

Aim To study the effects of high-fat diet on testicular germ cell apoptosis in mice through endoplasmic reticulum stress. Methods C57BL/6J male mice were assigned into normal group and high-fat diet group randomly, with six mice in each group. The mice in normal group or high-fat diet group were fed with regular or high-fat diet continuously for five months. The mice were weighed, anesthetized, and euthanized to collect testicular and epididymal tissue for analysis. The testicular tissue was weighed and their indices were calculated. Epididymal tissue was collected for semen analysis. The morphological alterations of testicular tissue were observed using hematoxylin-eosin ( HE ) staining. The apoptosis of germ cells was detected by TUNEL staining and the apoptotic indices were calculated. The expression levels of apoptosis and endoplasmic reticulum stress-related proteins in testicular tissue were detected by Western blot. The protein expression and localization of GRP78 in testicular tissue were further detected by immunofluorescence. Results The results showed that compared to the normal group, the high-fat diet group had a significant increase in body weight, a significant decrease in testicular index, sperm concentration, and sperm vability, loose arrangement of germ cells, significant thinning of the seminiferous epithelium, no significant change in the diameter of seminiferous tubules, a significant increase in germ cell apoptosis , with an increased apoptosis index, and significant increase in expression of Bax and cleaved-caspase-12,and a significant decrease in Bcl-2 protein expression. The expression levels of GRP78 , p-IREl, XBP1, and ATF6a proteins were significantly up-regulated, while p-PERK, p-eIF2a, ATF4 protein expression showed no significant changes. Immunofluorescence results further showed a significant increase in the expression of GRP78 protein in the testicular tissue,with no significant changes in the expression location. Conclusions High-fat diet can induce the apoptosis of mouse testicular germ cells, and the mechanism may be related to the activation of endoplasmic reticulum stress IRE1 and ATF6 signaling pathway.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 898-903, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014089

ABSTRACT

Aim To discuss the effect of miR-199/ SIRT1/MFN2 signaling pathway on the progression of NASH and its related mechanisms.Methods 45 BALB/e mice were randomly divided into normal group, high fat diet(HFD) group, total saponins of panax japonicas ( TSPJ ) low-dose group ( 15 mg • kg-1) and TSPJ high-dose group (45 mg • kg"1 ).Normal group was given normal diet, while HFD group, TSPJ low-dose and high-dose groups were given high-fat diet.The mice were intragastrioally given 15 and 45 mg 'kg"1 TSPJ (dissolved in saline) daily in TSPJ low-dose and high-dose groups, while those in other groups were intragastric ally given the same a- mount of saline daily.After seven months, they were sacrificed for serum collection and hepatic tissue col¬lection.Results HE staining showed that liver lipido¬sis and inflammation were obvious in HFD group.while liver lipidosis anrl inflammation were alleviated in TSPJ group.MFN2 and SIRT1 levels significantly de¬creased.TNF-a, 1L-1 p , SREBP, ChREBP levels sig¬nificantly increased in HFD group.After treated with TSPJ, SIRT1 and MFN2 levels were significantly up- regulated , while TNF-a, IL-ip, ChREBP and SREBP levels were significantly down-regulated.The Immuno¬fluorescence results showed that the fluorescence inten¬sity of MFN2 and SIR 11 increased in TSPJ low-dose and high-dose groups.At mRNA level, miR-199 had a negative regulatory relationship with SIRT1.Conclu¬sions TSPJ can alleviate NASH induced by high fat diet through miR-199/SIRTl/MFN2 signaling path¬way.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 142-148, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014306

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish three kinds of DNA damage models of mouse testicular spermatogonia cell line GC-1 cells and analyze their similarities and differences. Methods GC-1 cells were treated with UVB irradiation, D-galactose(D-Gal) or bleomycin (BLM), respectively. Then the expression and localization of 'Y-H2AX were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence, the expression and localization of 8-OHdG were measured by immunofluorescence, and the expression levels of p-p53 and p21 were measured by Western blot. Results The expression of -y-H2AX in GC-1 cell reached to the peak 4 h after UVB irradiation and 6 h after D-Gal stimulation, whereas -y-H2AX expression gradually increased after BLM stimulation, and the higher the concentration of BLM,the shorter the time to reach the peak. The results of immunofluorescence showed that 8-OHdG expression was observed in the nucleus and cytoplasm of GC-1 cells after UVB irradiation and BLM stimulation, and the longer the culture time, the more the expression in the nucleus. In contrast, the expression of 8-OHdG was observed in the cytoplasm and reached the peak at 6 h in the D-Gal stimulated GC-1 cells. After UVB irradiation, the protein expression levels of p-p53 gradually increased, while p21 protein expression appeared later than that of p-p53; in the D-Gal stimulated GC-1 cells, the protein expression levels of p-p53 reached the peak at 6 h, and p21 protein expression reached the peak at 12 h; after low concentration BLM stimulation, the protein expression levels of p-p53 and p21 continuously increased, and after high concentration BLM stimulation, the protein expression levels of p-p53 and p21 reached its peak at 2 h, then decreased at 4 h. Conclusions Three kinds of DNA damage models of GC-1 cells are successfully established, and the DNA damage in GC-1 cells treated with D-Gal is mild, while the DNA damage in GC-1 cells treated by UVB irradiation and BLM stimulation is more severe.

5.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2260-2266, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879186

ABSTRACT

Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis(NASH) was induced by high-sugar and high-fat diet in mice to investigate the intervention effect of total saponins from Panax japonicus(TSPJ) and explore its possible mechanism. Mice were fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet to establish NASH model, and intervened with different doses of TSPJ(15, 45 mg·kg~(-1)). The animals were fed for 26 weeks. The histomorphology and pathological changes of liver tissues were observed by HE staining. The transcriptional expression levels of miR-199 a-5 p, autophagy related gene 5(ATG5) and inflammatory cytokines interleukin-6(IL-6), interleukin-1β(IL-1β) and tumor necrosis factor α(TNF-α) in mouse liver were measured by quantitative Real-time polymerase chain reaction(qRT-PCR). Western blot was used to detect the expression of autophagy-related proteins ATG5, P62/SQSTM1(P62), and microtubule-associated protein light chain 3(LC3)-I/Ⅱ proteins in mouse liver. The expression of P62 protein was detected by immunofluorescence staining. In order to verify the targeting regulation relationship between miR-199 a-5 p and ATG5, miR mimic/inhibitor NC and miR-199 a-5 p mimic/inhibitor were transfected into Hepa 1-6 cells, and the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein was detected. pMIR-reportor ATG5-3'UTR luciferase reporter gene plasmid was constructed and co-transfected with miR mimic/inhibitor NC and miR-199 a-5 p mimic/inhibitor into Hepa 1-6 cells to detect luciferase activity. In vivo, HE staining in the model group showed typical fatty degeneration and inflammatory infiltration, with increased expression of miR-199 a-5 p and decreased expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein. The expression of autophagy-associated protein P62 increased significantly, the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ decreased, and the transcriptional expression of inflammatory factors increased significantly. After the intervention by TSPJ, the pathological performance of liver tissue was significantly improved, the expression of miR-199 a-5 p decreased and the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein increased, the expression of autophagy-associated protein P62 decreased significantly, the ratio of LC3Ⅱ/Ⅰ increased, and the transcriptional expression of inflammatory cytokines IL-6, IL-1β and TNF-α decreased significantly. In vitro, it was found that the expression of ATG5 mRNA and protein and luciferase activity decreased significantly in miR-199 a-5 p overexpression cells, while after inhibition of miR-199 a-5 p expression, the expression level of ATG5 mRNA and protein and luciferase activity increased. The results showed that TSPJ can improve NASH in mice fed with high-sugar and high-fat diet, and its mechanism may be related to the regulation of miR-199 a-5 p/ATG5 signal pathway, the regulation of autophagy activity and the improvement of inflammatory response of NASH.


Subject(s)
Animals , Mice , Autophagy , Autophagy-Related Protein 5 , MicroRNAs/genetics , Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease/genetics , Panax , Saponins/pharmacology
6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 45-52, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-798351

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the effect and mechanism of Wuzi Yanzong Fang (WZ) on proliferation of spermatogonial stem cells in aging rats by regulating miR-let-7-Imp axis.Method: A total of 40 18-month-old male SD rats were randomly divided into aging model group, and low, middle and high-dose WZ groups, with 10 rats in each group. Ten 2-month old rats were used as young control group. Low, middle and high-dose WZ groups were given by gastric WZ 0.4, 0.8, 1.6 g·kg-1 respectively. Young control group and aging model group were given normal saline for 4 months, which was suspended for 2 days every week. Rats were put to death after the final treatment with WZ, and then the testes were quickly removed from rats. The relative mRNA expression levels of miR-let-7 and Imp were detected by Real-time fluorescence quantitative polymerase chain reaction (Real-time PCR). The expressions and localization of p-JAK2/JAK2, phosphate(p)-signal transduction and transcriptional activators3 (STAT3)/STAT3 signaling pathway proteins were detected by Western blot and immunofluorescence. The numbers of spermatogonial stem cells and the expression levels of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by immunofluorescence. The testicular tissue morphology was observed using htoxylin eosin (HE) staining.Result: Compared with young control group, the expression levels of miR-let-7 mRNA were significantly increased, while the expression levels of Imp mRNA were decreased in the aging model group(PPPPPPPConclusion: WZ effectively promote the proliferation of spermatogonial stem cells by regulating miR-let-7-imp axis in testis.

7.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 249-260, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-777446

ABSTRACT

Panax japonicus( PJ) is a valuable medicinal plant belonging to the genus Panax of Araliaceae,the recumbent rhizome of which is widely used in clinic therapy,healthcare products and as cosmetic additives with functions of dissipating stasis,reducing swelling,stanching bleeding,and reinforcing deficiency,etc. PJ contains abundant levels of oleanane-and dammarane-type triterpene saponins,which are considered as the material basis for exerting pharmacodynamic action. Based on the previous researches,more than110 triterpene saponins have been reported from PJ. These triterpene saponins were summarized in this review,and could be classified into dammarenediol Ⅱ,protopanaxadiol,protopanaxatiol,ocotillol,oleanolic acid,ursolic acid and miscellaneous subtypes,according to their molecular skeletons in biosynthesis processes. Further more,the structural features of these triterpene saponins in the seven different subtypes,together with their~(13)C-NMR spectroscopic characteristics were described,hoping to provide available information for chemical diversity research of PJ.


Subject(s)
Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Panax , Chemistry , Plants, Medicinal , Chemistry , Saponins , Chemistry , Triterpenes , Chemistry
8.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 344-349, 2019.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774598

ABSTRACT

The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of total saponins from Panax japonicus( SPJ) on cognitive decline of natural aging rats and its mechanism. Thirty male SD rats of eighteen month old were randomly divided into three groups: aged group,10 mg·kg~(-1) SPJ-treated group and 30 mg·kg~(-1) SPJ-treated group. The SPJ-treated groups were given SPJ at the dosages of 10 mg·kg~(-1) and 30 mg·kg~(-1),respectively,from the age of 18 to 24 months. Aged group were lavaged the same amount of saline,10 six-month-old rats were used as control group,with 10 rats in each group. The open field test,novel object recognition and Morris water maze were performed to detect the changes of cognitive function in each group. The changes of synaptic transmission of long-term potentiation( LTP) in hippocampal CA1 region were detected by field potential recording. Western blot was used to detect the protein levels of NLRP3,ASC,caspase-1 and the changes of Glu A1,Glu A2,CAMKⅡ,CREB and phosphorylation of CAMKⅡ,CREB in each group.The results showed that SPJ could improve the decline of cognitive function in aging rats,reduce the damage of LTP in the hippocampal CA1 region of aged rats,and decrease the expression of NLRP3,ASC,caspase-1 in aging rats. At the same time,SPJ could enhance the membrane expression of AMPA receptor( Glu A1 and Glu A2),and increase the expression of p-CAMKⅡand p-CREB in aging rats.SPJ could improve cognitive decline of natural aging rats,and its mechanism may be related to regulating NLRP3 inflammasome,thus regulating the membrane expression of AMPA receptor,and enhancing the expression phosphorylation of CAMKⅡ and CREB.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aging , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Physiology , Cognition , Inflammasomes , Metabolism , Long-Term Potentiation , NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein , Metabolism , Panax , Chemistry , Random Allocation , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins , Pharmacology
9.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2985-2990, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687357

ABSTRACT

To study the protective effects of Wuzi Yanzong recipe on DNA oxidative damage of testis germ cells in natural ageing rats based on Nrf2/HO-1 signaling pathway and base excision repair (BER). In the study, 16-month-old SPF grade male SD rats were randomly divided into three groups, namely ageing model group, and low and high-dose Wuzi Yanzong recipe groups (WZ, 1, 4 g·kg⁻¹). In addition, 2-month-old SD rats were used as adult control group (10 rats in each group). The ageing model group and the adult control group were fed with normal diet for 4 months. WZ groups were given medicated feed for 4 months. After fasting for 12 hours, the rats were put to death. Then, the testes were immediately removed. The vitality of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA) content in testis were detected by xanthine oxidase method and thiobarbituric acid (TBA) method. The levels of Nrf2 and 8-OHdG were detected by immunofluorescence. The protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1, APE1, OGG1 and XRCC1 were detected by Western blot. Compared with the ageing model group, WZ significantly increased the SOD vitality and decreased MDA content of testis. In addition, immunofluorescence results showed that WZ significantly attenuated testicular DNA oxidative damage and improved antioxidant capacity. Such changes were accompanied by the down-regulation of DNA oxidative damage response protein 8-OHdG levels and the up-regulation of Nrf2 levels. Moreover, Western blot results showed that WZ significantly increased the protein expression levels of Nrf2, HO-1 and NQO1 of the testis germ cells, when compared with ageing model group. In parallel, the protein expression levels of APE1, OGG1 and XRCC1 were significantly decreased. In conclusion, WZ improves ageing-related DNA oxidative damage via Nrf2/HO-1 and BER pathways.

10.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 1675-1681, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-687248

ABSTRACT

To study the protective effect of Wuzi Yanzong recipe on testicular DNA damage and apoptosis in natural ageing rats, SPF grade 16-month-old SD male rats were randomly divided into three groups: ageing model group, low and high dose Wuzi Yanzong recipe groups (WZ, 1, 4 g·kg⁻¹). In addition, 2-month-old SD rats were used as adult control group (10 rats in each group). The ageing model group and the adult control group were fed with normal diet for 4 months. Wuzi Yanzong groups received medicated feed for 4 months. After fasting for 12 hours, the rats were sacrificed. Then testis tissues were taken and weighed to calculate the testis index. The change of testicular tissue morphology was observed by HE staining. Expression and localization of DNA damage-associated protein ATR were observed by immunofluorescence. The expressions of DNA damage-related proteins γ-H2AX, Chk1, p-p53 and apoptosis-related proteins Bcl-2 and Bax in testes were detected by Western blot. The apoptosis of testis tissue in rats was detected by using TUNEL. The results showed that as compared with the youth control group, the protein expression levels of γ-H2AX, Chk1, p-p53 and Bax were significantly increased while Bcl-2 protein expression level was significantly decreased intestis tissues of ageing model group. Wuzi Yanzong recipe significantly decreased protein expression levels of γ-H2AX, Chk1, p-p53 and Bax and increased Bcl-2 protein expression level as well as Bcl-2/Bax ratio. Immunofluorescence results showed that Wuzi Yanzong recipe could significantly decrease the ageing-induced ATR, increase in testis tissues. TUNEL results showed that Wuzi Yanzong recipe could significantly attenuate the germ cell apoptosis in testicular tissues. All the above results suggest that Wuzi Yanzong recipe could protect the germ cell in testicular tissues of natural ageing rates from DNA damage and apoptosis, and the mechanism may be associated with regulating p53 signaling pathway.

11.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3525-3529, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-689882

ABSTRACT

To research the effection and probable mechanism for the total saponins of Panax japonicas(TPSJ) in mice on non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Forty SPF male Kunming mice were randomily divided into four group:control group,NAFLD group, low-dose TPSJ treated group,high-dose TPSJ treated group. High-fatty and high-frutose-diet was applied to eatablish NAFLD model,and TPSJ (100 and 200 mg·kg⁻¹) in feeding were given for the TPSJ groups for 4 weeks. To collect the serum with liver and the ALT and TC of serum were monitored after 4 weeks. The hepatic histopathologic structure was observed by haematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining, RT-PCR and RT-qPCR was applied for the detection of miR-199-5p,VEGFa,HGF,c-Met and protein expression level was detected bv laser confocal microscope.Compared with control group, the level of serum ALT and TC in the model group was higher,the liver of the model group showed that hepatocytes display obvious lipid deposition. Then TPSJ treated showed that markedly improved histopathologic changes, decreased fatty deposition. In the meantime,the expression level of miR-199-5p was significantly decreased, thus the expression of HGF and c-Met were significantly increased. TPSJ play a role of prevention on fatty liver, the machanism maybe by blocking miR-199-5p targeted to c-Met signaling pathways in NAFLD.

12.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 390-395, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771725

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism and protective effect of total saponins of Panax japonicas (TSPJ) on HepG2 cells apoptosis induced by palmitic acid (PA).The HepG2 cells were cultured , and divided into five groups: the control group, the model group, the high-dose group (50 mg·L⁻¹), the middle-dose group (25 mg·L⁻¹) and the low-dose group (12.5 mg·L⁻¹).The cells of the five groups were cultured continuously for 24 hours. The cell viability was measured with MTT. HepG2 cells apoptosis was detected by Hoechest staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining. The protein expressions of BCL-2, CHOP and TLR4 were measured with western blotting and flow cytometry analysis. The mRNA expressions of TNF-α, IL-1β, BCL-2, CHOP and GAPDH were measured with RT-PCR. The results suggested that compared with the control group, the number of HepG2 cells of the model group were reduced significantly (<0.01), while the number of apoptotic HepG2 cells were increased. Compared with the model group, the number of HepG2 cells of the high-dose group and the middle-dose group were increased significantly (<0.01), whereas the number of apoptotic HepG2 cells were reduced. Compared with the control group, TNF-α, IL-1β and CHOP mRNA expressions and CHOP and TLR4 protein expressions in the model group were significantly up-regulated (<0.01), while BCL-2 protein and mRNA expressions in the model group were significantly decreased (<0.01). Compared with the model group, TNF-α, IL-1β and CHOP mRNA expressions and CHOP and TLR4 protein expressions in the high-dose group were significantly decreased (<0.01), while BCL-2 protein and mRNA expressions in the high-dose group were significantly up-regulated (<0.01).In conclusion, TSPJ can reduce inflammation and apoptosis induced by palmitic acid, with a certain protective effect on liver cells.


Subject(s)
Humans , Apoptosis , Hep G2 Cells , Palmitic Acids , Panax , Chemistry , Phytochemicals , Pharmacology , Saponins , Pharmacology
13.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3899-3904, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775399

ABSTRACT

To study the protective effects of Wuzi Yanzong recipe on testis germ cell apoptosis in natural ageing rats through endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS), 16-month-old male SPF grade SD rats were randomly divided into three groups: ageing model group, and low and high-dose Wuzi Yanzong recipe groups (WZ, 1 and 4 g·kg⁻¹), with 10 rats in each group. In addition, 2-month-old SD male rats were used as adult control group. The ageing model group and the adult control group were fed with normal diet for 4 months. WZ groups were given the medicated feed for 4 months. After fasting for 12 hours, the rats were put to death. Then, the testes were immediately collected. The change of testicular tissue morphology was observed by HE staining. The expression levels of ER stress-related proteins GRP78, p-PERK, p-eif2, ATF4, p-IRE1, XBP1, ATF6 and apoptosis-related proteins CHOP, caspase12 and p-JNK in testes were detected by Western blot. Compared with the ageing model group, Wuzi Yanzong recipe alleviated the morphological changes of testicular tissue. Western blot results showed that Wuzi Yanzong recipe significantly increased the expression levels of endoplasmic reticulum stress-related proteins GRP78, p-PERK, p-eif2, ATF4, p-IRE1, XBP1, ATF6 and significantly decreased the expression levels of endoplasmic reticulum-induced apoptosis-related proteins CHOP, caspase 12 and p-JNK. In conclusion, Wuzi Yanzong recipe can alleviate the ageing-related apoptosis of testicular germ cells in natural ageing rats by regulating endoplasmic reticulum stress.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Aging , Apoptosis , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress , Germ Cells , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Testis
14.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4513-4518, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-771585

ABSTRACT

To investigate the amelioration effect of saponins extracted from Panax japonicas (SPJ) on myocardial fibrosis in natural aging rats and its mechanisms, male SD rats aged 18 months were randomly divided into 3 groups (aging model group, low-dose SPJ group and high-dose SPJ group), with 10 rats in each group. SPJ groups were given SPJ at different doses (10, 60 mg·kg⁻¹·d⁻¹) consecutively for 6 months, meanwhile, aging model group was treated with the equal volume of saline for 6 months until 24 months old. Another 10 rats aged 6 month were used as young control group. The changes of myocardial morphological were observed by haematoxylin-eosin (HE) staining. Masson staining was used to observe the changes of collagen deposition in rat hearts. RT-PCR was used to detect the mRNA expression levels of myofibroblast marker α-SMA, collagen-related protein COL1α2, COL3α1 and matrix metalloproteinase MMP2, MMP9. Western blot was used to test the changes of the protein expressions of TGF-β1, p-Smad3, IL-1β and TNF-α in heart tissues. SPJ can effectively improve the arrangement of myocardial fibers, decrease inflammatory infiltration and reduce collagen deposition in aging rats. SPJ can effectively down-regulate the mRNA expression levels of COL1α2, COL3α1, α-SMA, MMP9, MMP2 and inhibit the protein expressions of TGF-β1, p-Smad3, TNF-α, IL-1β in the natural aging heart tissues. SPJ can effectively alleviate myocardial fibrosis in natural aging rats, and its mechanisms was related to the inhibition of the protein expressions of TGF-β1, p-Smad3 and the reduction of myocardial inflammation in rat hearts.


Subject(s)
Animals , Male , Rats , Fibrosis , Panax , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Saponins , Signal Transduction , Smad3 Protein , Transforming Growth Factor beta1
15.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 532-537, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-705080

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the therapeutic effect of total saponins of Panax japonicus(SPJ)on cancer cach-exia in mice with colon adenocarcinoma. Methods BALB/c mice were subcutaneously inoculated with mu-rine colon adenocarcinoma CT26 cells to induce ca-chexia. The model animals were randomly divided into three groups: model group, SPJ low dose group and high dose group. Gavage started on the 4th day after inoculation, and the dosage regimen was as follows:the normal and model groups were given 10 mL·kg-1 saline, qd ×27; the low dose and high dose groups were treated with 20 and 60 mg·kg-1SPJ respective-ly, qd ×27. After treatment, the effects of SPJ on body weight, tibialis anterior muscle, gastrocnemius muscle,spleen and epididymal fat changes of cachexia mice were observed. HE and Western blot were used to measure the changes of cross section of gastrocnemius muscle fibers and the expression of NF-κB,PAX7 and MuRF1 protein level in the gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscle. Results Compared with model group, the administration of SPJ could effectively re-duce the weight loss (P <0.05), increase muscle mass (P<0.05) and decrease muscle tissue degrada-tion in cachexia mice. Meanwhile,SPJ significantly re-duced the levels of IL-1β and TNF-α in serum (P <0.05) and decreased the expression of NF-κB. Con-clusion SPJ can improve cancer cachexia in mice in a dose-dependent manner. The potential mechanism may be associated with the inhibition of NF-κB mediated in-flammatory factor expression.

16.
Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine ; (12): 31-34, 2018.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-754627

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of panax notoginseng saponins (PNS) combined with total flavonoids from epimedium (TFE) on testicular dysfunction in natural aging rats; To discuss its mechanism of action. Methods Thirty 18-month old male SD rats were randomly divided into natural aging group, PNS combined with TFE low and high dose groups, with 10 rats in each group. Another 10 2-month old rats were set as young control group. PNS combined with TFE low and high dose groups were given gastric gavage of 10 mg/kg PNS combined with 10 mg/kg TFE, and 20 mg/kg PNS combined with 20 mg/kg TFE, respectively. Rats in young control group and natural aging group were given saline for 6 d each week, lasting for 4 months. Then, rats were sacrificed, and the testes were obtained to calculate the testicular weight and the testicular index. The testicular tissue morphology was observed by using HE staining. Testicular germ cell apoptosis was detected by using TUNEL method. The levels of Bcl-2, Bax and γ-H2 AX protein expression in testicular tissue were detected by Western blot. Results Compared with natural aging group, low and high dose of PNS combined with TFE significantly elevated the testicular weight and testicular index, improved the histological changes of testicular seminiferous tubule, significantly reduced number of apoptosis of spermatogenic cells in the testis, upregulated the expression of Bcl-2 protein in the testis, downregulated the expression of Bax and γ-H2 AX protein, and decreased the ratio of Bax/Bcl-2. Conclusion PNS combined with TFE can improve testicular dysfunction in natural aging rats by inhibiting apoptosis and DNA damage of germ cells.

17.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 555-561, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275497

ABSTRACT

To investigate the protective effect of Panax notoginseng saponins combined with total flavonoids of epimedium on D-gal-induced senescence of H9c2 cells and explore its underlying mechanisms. The 50 mol•L⁻¹ D-gal was used to induce H9c2 cells senescence. Different concentrations of TPNS, TFE, and TPNS combined with TFE were used for 4 hours for pre-treatment. D-gal was used to stimulate H9c2 cardiac muscle cells for 24 h. Then in order to determine the best combined scheme, MTT was used to detect cell viability. Cell senescence was identified by β-galactosidase staining. Levels of reactive oxygen species(ROS) was observed by DCFH-DA detection. The changes of mitochondrial membrane potential were identified by JC-1 detection. Protein levels of silentmating type information regulation 2 Homolog-1(SIRT1), peroxisomal proliferator-activated receptor-coactivator 1α(PGC-1α) and silentmating type information regulation 2 Homolog-3(SIRT3) were detected by western blot analysis. The results showed that TPNS(5 mg•L⁻¹) combined with TFE(5 mg•L⁻¹) had significant synergistic effect on H9c2 myocardial cell proliferation(Q=1.154), so 5 mg•L-1TPNS combined with 5 mg•L⁻¹ TFE was determined as the best scheme. The quantity of β-galactosidase staining and the fluorescence intensity of ROS were apparently decreased in 5 mg•L⁻¹ TPNS combined with 5 mg•L⁻¹ TFE scheme. Meanwhile, it markedly increased the florescence intensity of mitochondrial membrane potential and enhanced the protein expression of SIRT1, PGC-1α and SIRT3. TPNS combined with TFE could protect H9c2 cells from D-gal-induced senescence. The mechanism might be related to adjusting the signal pathways of SIRT1/PGC-1α, SIRT3, adjusting the structure and function of mitochondria and reducing oxidative stress injury.

18.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 4656-4660, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-338222

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effects of saponins extracted from Panax japonicus(SPJ) on cardiomyocyte apoptosis in natural aging rats and explore its underlying mechanisms. SD male rats were randomly divided into four groups: young control group, natural aging group, SPJ low dose group and SPJ high dose group, with 10 rats in each group. The rats in natural aging group, SPJ low and high dose groups were respectively treated with normal saline, SPJ 10 and 60 mg•kg-1•d-1 from the beginning of 18 month-old, 6 days per week for 6 months till 24 month-old. Then the animals were sacrificed. Their myocardial morphology changes were observed by using haematoxylin-eoin(HE) staining; cardiomyocyte apoptosis was tested by using Tunel assays; and the protein expression levels of Bcl-2, Bax, IL-1β, TNF-α, AMPK, p-AMPK, Sirt1, and Ac-NF-κB p65 in myocardial tissues of rats were detected by Western blot. The results showed that SPJ could effectively improve the arrangement disorder of myocardial fibers, reduce the infiltration of inflammatory cells and inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis in natural aging rats. At the same time, SPJ could significantly inhibit the protein expression of Bax, IL-1β, TNF-α and Ac-NF-κB p65, and increase the expression of Bcl-2, Bcl-2/Bax, p-AMPK/AMPK and Sirt1 in the heart tissues of natural aging rats. SPJ can effectively inhibit cardiomyocyte apoptosis in natural aging rats, and its mechanisms may be related with the regulation of inflammatory reaction by AMPK/Sirt1/NF-κB signaling pathway.

19.
Medical Journal of Chinese People's Liberation Army ; (12): 764-768, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-694039

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of Panax japonicas hypolipidemic compound (ZDS) on the lipid metabolism and its possible mechanism in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) mice induced by high sugar and fat diet.Methods The extracts of Panaax japonica rhizoma,Salviae Miltiorrhiz radix Et rhizoma and Crataegi Fructus were prepared,and ZDS compound was formulated according to their antioxidant activities.Forty SPF male Kunming mice were randomly divided into four groups (10 each):normal control group,model group,high-dose ZDS-treated group,and low-dose ZDS-treated group.In addition to the mice in normal control group were given conventional diet,the mice in other three groups were fed high-sugar high-fat diet.High-dose and low-dose ZDS-treated group were given 90mg/kg or 30mg/kg ZDS.After the treatment of five weeks,the histomorphology and lipid deposition of the liver were observed to confirm the establishment of mouse NAFLD model and the improvement of ZDS compound on lipid deposition.The relative expression of miR-34a,SIRT1,and lipid metabolism related genes (FASN,ACC1) was detected by RT-qPCR and RT-PCR.SIRT1 protein expression was detected by Western blotting.Results Compared with the normal group,the morphological results showed hepatic lipid accumulation in the model group was more serious,the levels of triglyceride (TG) and miR-34a in the liver tissue increased significantly (P<0.05),the expression levels of SIRT1 decreased,and the gene of lipid metabolism such as FASN,ACC1 significantly increased (P<0.05).However,compared with the model group,ZDS compound improve hepatic lipid accumulation,liver TG content significantly decreased (P<0.05),liver tissue miR-34a,FASN and ACC1 expressions decreased,while SIRT1 expression increased (P<0.05).The protein expression of SIRT1 was consistent with its mRNA expression.Conclusion ZDS compound can effectively improve liver cell steatosis through the miR-34a/SIRT 1 pathway involved in lipid metabolism regulation,thus providing a new idea for early intervention of NAFLD through traditional Chinese compound medicine.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2076-2080, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299827

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the anti-inflammatory effect of total saponins of Panax japonicus on LPS-induced RAW264. 7 macrophages.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>The effect of total saponins of P. japonicus of different concentrations on RAW264. 7 cell viability was determined with the MTT method. The NO kit assay was adopted to detect the NO release of total saponins of P. japonicus to LPS-induced RAW264. 7 cells. The enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was used to detect the secretion of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin 1-beta (IL-1beta). The reverse transeriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to determine the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) ,TNF-alpha,IL-1beta. The protein expression of nuclear transcription factor-kappaB p65 (NF-kappaB p65) was tested by Western blot.</p><p><b>RESULT</b>The safe medication range of total saponins of P. japonicus was less than 80 mg x L(-1). Compared with the LPS model group, total saponins of P. japonicus high, middle and low dose groups (0.1, 1, 10, 40 mg x L(-1)) could significantly reduce the secretion of NO, TNF-alpha, IL-1beta of LPS-induced RAW264. 7 cells, and inhibit the expressions of iNOS, TNF-alpha and IL-1beta mRNA and the protein expression of NF-kappaB p65.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>This study preliminarily proves the protective effect of total saponins of P. japonicus on LPS-induced RAW264.7 macrophages. Its action mechanism may be related to NF-kappaB signal pathway.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Anti-Inflammatory Agents , Pharmacology , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Pharmacology , Inflammation , Drug Therapy , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Interleukin-1beta , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Lipopolysaccharides , Macrophages , Allergy and Immunology , NF-kappa B , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Nitric Oxide , Allergy and Immunology , Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II , Genetics , Allergy and Immunology , Panax , Chemistry , Protective Agents , Pharmacology , Saponins , Pharmacology
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