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Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879385


OBJECTIVE@#To explore biomechanical characteristics of minimally invasive different screw fixations in treating Sanders typeⅡcalcaneal fractures.@*METHODS@#Dicom data of calcaneus by CT scan were input into Mimics 21.0 software and Ansys15.0 software to construct three-dimensional finite element digital model of calcaneus;this model was input into UG NX 10.0 software, and calcaneus was cut according to Sanders classification to establish Sanders typeⅡ calcaneus model with posterior articular surface collapse;then simulated minimally invasive screw internal fixation after calcaneal fracture:a screw from posterior articular surface was used to outside-in fix sustentaculum tali, other 4 screws were used to fix calcaneus by different methods through calcaneal tuberosity, and 4 different calcaneal models were obtained. Under the same conditions, 4 types of internal fixation models were loaded respectively, and nonlinear finite element analysis was performed to calculate the stress distribution of different internal fixation models.@*RESULTS@#Under the same condition of loading, the model 3 had smaller displacement value, maximum calcaneus displacement value and maximum equivalent stress value of the screw than other three internal fixation models, and the stress was more dispersed.@*CONCLUSION@#In minimally invasive screw internal fixation of calcaneus fracture, after 1 sustentaculum tali screw fixation, 2 screws crossed fix posterior articular surface from calcaneal tuberosity, 2 screws fix parallelly calcaneocuboid joint from calcaneal tuberosity are more suitable for biomechanical requirements, and could provide basic theory for clinical treatment.

Bone Screws , Calcaneus/surgery , Finite Element Analysis , Fracture Fixation, Internal , Fractures, Bone/surgery , Humans , Treatment Outcome
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2018; 34 (3): 638-642
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-198385


Objective: To study the biomechanical properties of different suture methods, and to provide evidence for the clinical application of this suture methods in repairing acute Achilles tendon rupture

Methods: Twenty four fresh frozen cadaver Achilles tendon specimens were collected and randomly divided into three groups [n=8], Group-A Bunnell suture method, Group-B Bosworth suture and Group-C anchor suture respectively. 5 N tensions were applied to tighten the tendon. The actual length of the tendon between the upper and lower clips was measured with a ruler. The length of the long axis and the short axis of the three sections of the tendon was measured by vernier caliper. The cross sectional area of the tendon was calculated according to the elliptical area formula and the mean value was obtained

Results: There was no significant difference in the length and cross-sectional area of each tendon among three groups [F=0.26, P=0.86; F=0.09, P=0.96]. There was no significant difference in the maximum load of tendon and failure displacement in Group A and B [P>0.05]. The maximal load of Group-C was significantly larger than that of Group A and B [P<0.05], and there was no significant difference between the failure displacement and Group A and B [P>0.05]

Conclusion: Three suture methods can provide good biomechanical properties, but the anchor suture is more effective in solving the shortcomings of traditional methods. It is a safe and effective method, and is worthy of promotion

Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2014; 30 (4): 773-777
in English | IMEMR | ID: emr-147001


To summarize the functional outcome of tarsometatarsal joint fracture-dislocation managed according to Myerson classification. Total eighty cases of tarsometatarsal joint fracture-dislocation were treated from Mar 2004 to Feb 2012. According to the Myerson classification, there were 14 cases in type A, 12 cases in type B1, 28 cases in type B2, 11 cases in type C1 and 15 cases in type C2. All the cases were treated with open reduction and internal fixation and the incisions and implants were also selected according to the Myerson classification. X-ray was examined during the follow-up period and functional evaluation was carried out by American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society [AOFAS] midfoot score system. Analysis of variance was used to test the different types of Myerson classification. Sixty eight patients got a mean follow-up of 24 months [15-36 months]. No patient suffered from infection, skin flap necrosis and X-ray showed there were no implants loosening or breakage. The mean AOFAS score was 88.4[47-100] and excellent and good result was 89.7%. The differences among Myerson classifications showed that there were statistical significance between type B and type A, type C [P < 0.05] Three patients suffered from severe pain and difficult walking, X-ray showed the ambiguity of the joint space, which can be diagnosed as posttraumatic arthritis. One patient had arthrodesis finally. The Myerson classification is helpful to make preoperative plan and judging prognosis to the tarsometatarsal joint injuries. In type B, single or double incisions with screw or plate fixation is enough, while in type A and type C, double or triple incisions with screw or plate fixation in medial joints and Kirschner wire fixation in lateral joints are needed. Postoperatively, the type B patients had better prognosis than type A and type C patients. However, the concomitant injuries around the tarsometatarsal joint were not included in Myerson classification, which is the limitation but cannot be neglected