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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-6981

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the feasibility and survival benefits of combined treatment with radiotherapy and adjuvant temozolomide (TMZ) in a Korean sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 750 Korean patients with histologically confirmed glioblastoma multiforme, who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy with TMZ (CCRT) and adjuvant TMZ from January 2006 until June 2011, were analyzed retrospectively. RESULTS: After the first operation, a gross total resection (GTR), subtotal resection (STR), partial resection (PR), biopsy alone were achieved in 388 (51.7%), 159 (21.2%), 96 (12.8%), and 107 (14.3%) patients, respectively. The methylation status of O6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) was reviewed retrospectively in 217 patients. The median follow-up period was 16.3 months and the median overall survival (OS) was 17.5 months. The actuarial survival rates at the 1-, 3-, and 5-year OS were 72.1%, 21.0%, and 9.0%, respectively. The median progression-free survival (PFS) was 10.1 months, and the actuarial PFS at 1-, 3-, and 5-year PFS were 42.2%, 13.0%, and 7.8%, respectively. The patients who received GTR showed a significantly longer OS and PFS than those who received STR, PR, or biopsy alone, regardless of the methylation status of the MGMT promoter. Patients with a methylated MGMT promoter also showed a significantly longer OS and PFS than those with an unmethylated MGMT promoter. Patients who received more than six cycles of adjuvant TMZ had a longer OS and PFS than those who received six or fewer cycles. Hematologic toxicity of grade 3 or 4 was observed in 8.4% of patients during the CCRT period and in 10.2% during the adjuvant TMZ period. CONCLUSION: Patients treated with CCRT followed by adjuvant TMZ had more favorable survival rates and tolerable toxicity than those who did not undergo this treatment.


Subject(s)
Biopsy , Chemoradiotherapy , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Glioblastoma , Humans , Korea , Methylation , Radiotherapy , Retrospective Studies , Survival Rate
2.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 1022-1028, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-194122

ABSTRACT

Among intracranial meningiomas, falcotentorial meningiomas, occurring at the junction of the falx cerebri and tentorial dural folds, are extremely rare. Because of their deep location, they are surrounded by critical structures, and have been regarded as one of the most challenging lesions for surgical treatment. In this study, we describe our surgical strategy for falcotentorial meningiomas and provide a review of our experience.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Dura Mater/pathology , Female , Humans , Male , Meningeal Neoplasms/pathology , Meningioma/pathology , Middle Aged
3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132140

ABSTRACT

Giant cell tumors are benign but locally invasive and frequently recur. Giant cell tumors of the skull are extremely rare. A patient underwent a surgery to remove a tumor, but the tumor recurred. Additionally, the patient developed multiple aneurysms. The patient underwent total tumor resection and trapping for the aneurysms, followed by radiotherapy. We report this rare case and suggest some possibilities for treating tumor growth combined with aneurysm development.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Skull , Temporal Bone
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-132137

ABSTRACT

Giant cell tumors are benign but locally invasive and frequently recur. Giant cell tumors of the skull are extremely rare. A patient underwent a surgery to remove a tumor, but the tumor recurred. Additionally, the patient developed multiple aneurysms. The patient underwent total tumor resection and trapping for the aneurysms, followed by radiotherapy. We report this rare case and suggest some possibilities for treating tumor growth combined with aneurysm development.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Giant Cell Tumors , Giant Cells , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Radiotherapy , Recurrence , Skull , Temporal Bone
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-122131

ABSTRACT

Here we report a case of penetrating neck injury to the posterior fossa that was shown, using high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) and digital subtraction angiography (DSA), to involve no vascular injury. A 54-year-old man was brought to the emergency department after a penetrating injury to the left side of the posterior neck and occipital area with a knife. He was in an intoxicated state and could not communicate readily. On initial examination, his vital signs were stable and there was no active bleeding from the penetrating site. Because of concern about possible injury to adjacent vessels, we performed HRCT and DSA sequentially, and identified that the blade of the knife had just missed the arteriovenous structures in the neck and posterior fossa. The patient was then transferred to the operating room where the knife was gently removed. Further careful exploration was performed through the penetrating wound, and we confirmed that there were no major injuries to the vessels and neural structures. Postoperative computed tomography revealed that there was minimal hemorrhage in the left cerebellar hemisphere. The patient made a full recovery without any neurologic deficit. In this case, HRCT is a suitable tool for the initial overall evaluation. For the evaluation of vascular injury, DSA can be a specific and accurate tool. Mandatory exploration widely used for penetrating injuries. After careful preoperative evaluation and interpretation, simple withdrawal of material can be a choice of treatment.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Emergency Service, Hospital , Hemorrhage , Humans , Middle Aged , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Neck Injuries , Neck , Neurologic Manifestations , Operating Rooms , Vascular System Injuries , Vital Signs , Wounds, Penetrating
6.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37084

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to report the authors' preliminary experience using the Amplatzer Vascular Plug (AVP) (St. Jude Medical, Plymouth, MN, USA) for parent artery occlusion of the internal carotid artery (ICA) or vertebral artery (VA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2008 and December 2015, we performed 52 therapeutic parent artery occlusions (PAOs) by an endovascular technique. Among them, 10 patients underwent PAO of the carotid or vertebral arteries using AVPs. Clinical and radiographic data of these patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The devices were used for VA dissection that presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in five patients, traumatic arteriovenous fistula (AVF) in two patients, spontaneous AVF in one patient, recurrence of carotid-cavernous fistula (CCF) in one patient, and symptomatic unruptured giant ICA aneurysm in one patient. The devices were used in conjunction with detachable and/or pushable coils and in the extracranial segments of the ICA or VA. Complete occlusion of the parent artery was achieved in all patients. There was one intra-procedural rupture of the VA dissection during coiling prior to using the device. CONCLUSION: Results from the current series suggest that the AVP might be used for therapeutic PAO in the extracranial segments of the ICA or VA.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Arteries , Arteriovenous Fistula , Carotid Artery, Internal , Endovascular Procedures , Fistula , Humans , Parents , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Rupture , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Vertebral Artery
7.
Korean Journal of Spine ; : 173-175, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-42834

ABSTRACT

Here we report a single-stage operation we performed on a patient with a large schwannoma that extended from the lower clivus to the cervico-thoracic junction caudally. A number of authors have previously performed multilevel laminectomy to remove giant schwannomas that extend for considerable length. This technique has caused cervical instability such as kyphosis or gooseneck deformity on several occasions. We removed the tumor with a left lateral suboccipital craniectomy with laminectomy only at C1 and without any subsequent surgery-related neurologic deficits. However, this technique requires meticulous preoperative evaluation on existence of Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) cleft between the tumor and spinal cord on magnetic resonance imaging, of tumor origin located at the upper cervical root, and of detachment of tumor from the origin site.


Subject(s)
Cerebrospinal Fluid , Congenital Abnormalities , Cranial Fossa, Posterior , Humans , Kyphosis , Laminectomy , Laminoplasty , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neurilemmoma , Neurologic Manifestations , Spinal Cord , Spinal Cord Neoplasms
8.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 987-992, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-150487

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The operative risk and natural history rupture risk for the treatment of unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) should be evaluated. The purpose of this study was to report our experience with treating UIAs and to outline clinical risk factors associated with procedure-related major neurological complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We treated 1158 UIAs in 998 patients over the last 14 years. All patients underwent operation performed by a single microvascular surgeon and two interventionists at a single institution. Patient factors, aneurysm factors, and clinical outcomes were analyzed in relation to procedure-related complications. RESULTS: The total complication rate was 22 (2.2%) out of 998 patients. Among them, complications developed in 14 (2.3%) out of 612 patients who underwent microsurgery and in 8 (2.1%) out of 386 patients who underwent endovascular procedures. One patient died due to intraoperative rupture during an endovascular procedure. The procedure-related complication was highly correlated with age (p=0.004), hypertension (p=0.002), and history of ischemic stroke (p<0.001) in univariate analysis. The multivariate analysis revealed previous history of ischemic stroke (p=0.001) to be strongly correlated with procedure-related complications. CONCLUSION: A history of ischemic stroke was strongly correlated with procedure-related major neurological complications when treating UIAs. Accordingly, patients with UIAs who have a previous history of ischemic stroke might be at risk of procedure-related major neurological complications.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Endovascular Procedures/methods , Female , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/epidemiology , Male , Microsurgery , Middle Aged , Nervous System Diseases , Neurosurgical Procedures , Postoperative Complications/epidemiology , Risk , Risk Assessment , Risk Factors , Treatment Outcome
9.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 103-111, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-201304

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and simultaneously having brain metastases at the initial diagnosis, presenting symptoms related brain metastasis, survived shorter duration and showed poor quality of life. We analyzed our experiences on surgical treatment of brain metastasis in patients with NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a single-center, retrospective review of 36 patients with NSCLC and synchronous brain metastases between April 2006 and December 2011. Patients were categorized according to the presence of neurological symptoms and having a brain surgery. As a result, 14 patients did not show neurological symptoms and 22 patients presented neurological symptoms. Symptomatic 22 patients were divided into two groups according to undergoing brain surgery (neurosurgery group; n=11, non-neurosurgery group; n=11). We analyzed overall surgery (OS), intracranial progression-free survival (PFS), and quality of life. RESULTS: Survival analysis showed there was no difference between patients with neurosurgery (OS, 12.1 months) and non-neurosurgery (OS, 10.2 months; p=0.550). Likewise for intracranial PFS, there was no significant difference between patients with neurosurgery (PFS, 6.3 months) and non-neurosurgery (PFS, 5.3 months; p=0.666). Reliable neurological one month follow up by the Medical Research Council neurological function evaluation scale were performed in symptomatic 22 patients. The scale improved in eight (73%) patients in the neurosurgery group, but only in three (27%) patients in the non-neurosurgery group (p=0.0495). CONCLUSION: Patients with NSCLC and synchronous brain metastases, presenting neurological symptoms showed no survival benefit from neurosurgical resection, although quality of life was improved due to early control of neurological symptoms.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Brain Neoplasms/physiopathology , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/mortality , Demography , Disease-Free Survival , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , Lung Neoplasms/pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Treatment Outcome
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143012

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Routine use of prophylactic antiepileptic drugs (AED) has been debated. We retrospectively evaluated the effects of prophylactic AED on clinical outcomes in patients with a good clinical grade suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2012 and December 2014, 84 patients who met the following criteria were included: (1) presence of a ruptured aneurysm; (2) Hunt-Hess grade 1, 2, or 3; and (3) without seizure presentation. Patients were divided into two groups; the AED group (n = 44) and the no AED group (n = 40). Clinical data and outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Prophylactic AEDs were used more frequently in patients who underwent microsurgery (84.1%) compared to those who underwent endovascular surgery (15.9%, p < 0.001). Regardless of prophylactic AED use, seizure episodes were not observed during the six-month follow-up period. No statistical difference in clinical outcomes at discharge (p = 0.607) and after six months of follow-up (p = 0.178) were between the two groups. After six months, however, favorable outcomes in the no AED group tended to increase and poor outcomes tended to decrease. CONCLUSION: No difference in the clinical outcomes and systemic complications at discharge and after six months of follow-up was observed between the two groups. However, favorable outcomes in the no AED group showed a slight increase after six months. These findings suggest that discontinuation of the current practice of using prophylactic AED might be recommended in patients with a good clinical grade.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Anticonvulsants , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Microsurgery , Retrospective Studies , Seizures , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-143009

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Routine use of prophylactic antiepileptic drugs (AED) has been debated. We retrospectively evaluated the effects of prophylactic AED on clinical outcomes in patients with a good clinical grade suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between September 2012 and December 2014, 84 patients who met the following criteria were included: (1) presence of a ruptured aneurysm; (2) Hunt-Hess grade 1, 2, or 3; and (3) without seizure presentation. Patients were divided into two groups; the AED group (n = 44) and the no AED group (n = 40). Clinical data and outcomes were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: Prophylactic AEDs were used more frequently in patients who underwent microsurgery (84.1%) compared to those who underwent endovascular surgery (15.9%, p < 0.001). Regardless of prophylactic AED use, seizure episodes were not observed during the six-month follow-up period. No statistical difference in clinical outcomes at discharge (p = 0.607) and after six months of follow-up (p = 0.178) were between the two groups. After six months, however, favorable outcomes in the no AED group tended to increase and poor outcomes tended to decrease. CONCLUSION: No difference in the clinical outcomes and systemic complications at discharge and after six months of follow-up was observed between the two groups. However, favorable outcomes in the no AED group showed a slight increase after six months. These findings suggest that discontinuation of the current practice of using prophylactic AED might be recommended in patients with a good clinical grade.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Anticonvulsants , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Microsurgery , Retrospective Studies , Seizures , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-12912

ABSTRACT

The cerebellar infarction resulting from supratentorial craniotomy is uncommon event and its management has been controversial. After removal of space occupying lesion on right frontal area, two cases of remote cerebellar infarctions occurred. We reviewed each cases and the techniques to manage such complications are discussed. Early extraventricular catheter insertion and midline suboccipital craniectomy were effectively performed in obtunded patients from cerebellar infarction.


Subject(s)
Brain Infarction , Catheters , Cerebellum , Cerebrovascular Circulation , Craniotomy , Humans , Infarction , Postoperative Complications
13.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 401-409, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-19548

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy and stability of the wrap-clipping methods as a reconstructive strategy in the treatment of unclippable cerebral aneurysms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty four patients who had undergone wrap-clipping microsurgery were retrospectively reviewed. Type and morphology of the treated aneurysm, utilized technique for wrap-clip procedure, and clinical outcome with angiographic results at their last follow-up were evaluated. RESULTS: Of 24 patients, eleven patients had internal carotid artery (ICA) blister-like aneurysms, three had dissecting type aneurysms, and ten had fusiform aneurysms. The follow-up period for the late clinical and angiographic results ranged from 10 to 75 months (mean 35 months). Wrap-clipping was performed in eleven, wrap-holding clipping was in ten, and combination of wrap-clip and wrap-holding clip was in three cases. At the last angiographic follow-up study, twelve aneurysms (50%) were found to have completely healed, and nine aneurysms (38%) were at least stable. However, wrap-holding clip for the elongated blister type of ICA aneurysm was found failed, leading to fatal rebleeding in one case, and two cases of combination of wrap-clip-wrap-holding clip revealed delayed branch occlusion and marked regrowing, respectively. CONCLUSION: Wrap-clipping strategy could be an easy and safe alternative for unclippable aneurysms. The wrapped aneurysm mostly disappeared, or at least remained stationary, after a long-term period. However, surgeons should be aware of that the wrapped aneurysm might become worse. Therefore, follow-up surveillance for an extended period should be mandatory.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Blister , Carotid Artery, Internal , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Methods , Microsurgery , Retrospective Studies
14.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-157112

ABSTRACT

The authors performed a multicenter prospective study to evaluate the feasibility and safety of intravenous nicardipine hydrochloride for acute hypertension in patients with intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). This study included 88 patients (mean age: 58.3 yr, range 26-87 yr) with ICH and acute hypertension in 5 medical centers between August 2008 and November 2010, who were treated using intravenous nicardipine. Administration of nicardipine resulted in a decrease from mean systolic blood pressure (BP) (175.4 +/- 33.7 mmHg) and diastolic BP (100.8 +/- 22 mmHg) at admission to mean systolic BP (127.4 +/- 16.7 mmHg) and diastolic BP (67.2 +/- 12.9 mmHg) in 6 hr after infusion (P or = 2) was observed in 2 (2.2%) of 88 patients during the treatment. Aggressive nicardipine treatment of acute hypertension in patients with ICH can be safe and effective with a low rate of neurological deterioration and hematoma expansion.


Subject(s)
Acute Disease , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Antihypertensive Agents/adverse effects , Blood Pressure , Cerebral Hemorrhage/drug therapy , Cohort Studies , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Glasgow Coma Scale , Hematoma/etiology , Humans , Injections, Intravenous , Male , Middle Aged , Nicardipine/adverse effects , Prospective Studies , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Treatment Outcome
15.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-113496

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Fusiform and dissecting aneurysms cannot be treated with conventional clipping or coiling surgery. Various methods are used for treating these aneurysms, including proximal occlusion of the parent artery or trapping the aneurysms with or without cerebral revascularization. We report here on our experience with treating unclippable and uncoilable aneurysms and we present the clinical and angiographic outcomes. METHODS: Nine patients with unclippable and uncoilable aneurysms were managed during a 5 year period at our institution. We retrospectively reviewed all the patients with aneurysms and who underwent multimodal techniques. The mean age of the 9 patients was 56.5 years. The mean clinical follow-up period was 28.1 months. Six patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage and 2 had diplopia. Of these patients, 3 had aneurysms arising from the posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA), 2 had vertebral artery (VA) aneurysms, 2 had internal carotid artery aneurysms and 2 had middle cerebral artery aneurysms. Eight aneurysms were fusiform and 1 was a giant saccular aneurysm. RESULTS: The treatment included surgical trapping with bypass in 4 patients, endovascular trapping with bypass in 4 patients and vein graft bypass in 1 patient. Among the bypass surgeries, high-flow bypass was performed for a giant internal cerebral artery (ICA) aneurysm. Trapping of the aneurysms with coil and occipital artery (OA)-PICA bypass were performed for 2 VA aneurysms of the PICA origin. There was no recurrent bleeding or ischemic symptoms during the follow-up periods. CONCLUSION: The cerebral bypass technique is a useful, safe for the treatment of dissecting and otherwise unclippable/uncoilable aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Dissecting , Arteries , Carotid Artery, Internal , Cerebral Arteries , Cerebral Revascularization , Diplopia , Follow-Up Studies , Hemorrhage , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Parents , Pica , Retrospective Studies , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Transplants , Veins , Vertebral Artery
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-101064

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Due to longer life spans, patients newly diagnosed with unruptured intracranial aneurysms (UIAs) are increasing in number. This study aimed to evaluate how management of UIAs in patients age 65 years and older affects the clinical outcomes and post-procedural morbidity rates in these patients. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 109 patients harboring 136 aneurysms across 12 years, between 1997 and 2009, at our institute. We obtained the following data from all patients : age, sex, location and size of the aneurysm(s), presence of symptoms, risk factors for stroke, treatment modality, and postoperative 1-year morbidity and mortality. We classified these patients into three groups : Group A (surgical clipping), Group B (coil embolization), and Group C (observation only). RESULTS: Among the 109 patients, 56 (51.4%) underwent clipping treatment, 25 (23%) patients were treated with coiling, and 28 observation only. The overall morbidity and mortality rates were 2.46% and 0%, respectively. The morbidity rate was 1.78% for clipping and 4% for coiling. Factors such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia, smoking, and family history of stroke were correlated with unfavorable outcomes. Two in the observation group refused follow-up and died of intracranial ruptured aneurysms. The observation group had a 7% mortality rate. CONCLUSION: Our results show acceptable favorable outcome of treatment-related morbidity comparing with the natural history of unruptured cerebral aneurysm. Surgical clipping did not lead to inferior outcomes in our study, although coil embolization is generally more popular for treating elderly patients. In the treatment of patients more than 65 years old, age is not the limiting factor.


Subject(s)
Aged , Aneurysm , Aneurysm, Ruptured , Diabetes Mellitus , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Hypercholesterolemia , Hypertension , Intracranial Aneurysm , Natural History , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking , Stroke , Surgical Instruments
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-9046

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Direct surgical clipping of paraclinoid aneurysms is challenging due to nearby anatomic structures. However, as endovascular techniques advance, endovascular coil embolizations for paraclinoid aneurysms are more frequently performed. We reviewed our experience with endovascular coil embolization of paraclinoid aneurysms to evaluate its safety and efficacy. METHODS: From 2005 to 2011, 78 patients underwent endovascular procedures with detachable coils for 86 paraclinoid aneurysms at our institute. A retrospective review of the medical records was performed. RESULTS: Seventy-eight patients with 86 paraclinoid aneurysms were evaluated. Thirteen patients (16.7%) were men and 65 (83.3%) were women. Patient age ranged from 23 to 78 years (mean age, 48 years). Five patients (6.4%) presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) with decreased consciousness and visual field defects. In the 86 treated aneurysms, the immediate post procedural angiogram demonstrated complete occlusion in 73 aneurysms (84.9%), near-complete occlusion in eight aneurysms (9.3%) and partial occlusion in five aneurysms (5.8%). We obtained angiographic follow-up in 46 cases. Minor recanalization occurred in two cases and major recanalization occurred in one case. One thromboembolic complication and one blurred vision occurred among the 78 patients. CONCLUSION: Despite difficulties with surgical approaches for paraclinoid aneurysms, these lesions can be successfully managed by endovascular treatment. Favorable outcomes with a low morbidity suggest endovascular techniques as alternatives to microsurgical therapy for treating paraclinoid aneurysms.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Consciousness , Endovascular Procedures , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Surgical Instruments , Vision, Ocular , Visual Fields
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-220342

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between thromboembolic complications and antiplatelet drugs before and after neurointervention. METHODS: Blood samples and radiographic data of patients who received a neurointervention (coil embolization, stent placement or both) were collected prospectively. Rapid platelet function assay-aspirin (RPFA-ASA) was used to calculate aspirin resistance in aspirin reaction units (ARU). For clopidogrel resistance, a P2Y12 assay was used to analyze the percentage of platelet inhibition. ARU > 550 and platelet inhibition < 40% were defined as aspirin and clopidogrel resistance, respectively. RESULTS: Both aspirin and clopidogrel oral pills were administered in fifty-three patients before and after neurointerventional procedures. The mean resistance values of all patients were 484 ARU and < 39%. Ten (17.0%) of 53 patients showed resistance to aspirin with an average of 597 ARU, and 33 (62.3%) of 53 patients showed resistance to clopidogrel with an average of < 26%. Ten patients demonstrated resistance to both drugs, 5 of which suffered a thromboembolic complication after neurointervention (mean values : 640 ARU and platelet inhibition < 23%). Diabetic patients and patients with hypercholesterolemia displayed mean aspirin resistances of 513.7 and 501.8 ARU, and mean clopidogrel resistances of < 33.8% and < 40.7%, respectively. CONCLUSION: Identifying individuals with poor platelet inhibition using standard regimens is of great clinical importance and may help prevent cerebral ischemic events in the future. Neurointerventional research should focus on ideal doses, timing, choices, safety, and reliable measurements of antiplatelet drug therapy, as well as confirming the clinical relevance of aggregometry in cerebrovascular patients.


Subject(s)
Aspirin , Blood Platelets , Drug Resistance , Humans , Hypercholesterolemia , Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors , Prospective Studies , Stents , Ticlopidine
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112667

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: Residual aneurysm from incomplete clipping or slowly recurrent aneurysm is associated with high risk of subarachnoid hemorrhage. We describe complete treatment of the lesions by surgical clipping or endovascular treatment. METHODS: We analyzed 11 patients of residual or recurrent aneurysms who had undergone surgical clipping from 1998 to 2009. Among them, 5 cases were initially clipped at our hospital. The others were referred from other hospitals after clipping. The radiologic and medical records were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: All patients presented with subarachnoid hemorrhage at first time, and the most frequent location of the ruptured residual or recurrent aneurysm was in the anterior communicating artery to posterior-superior direction. Distal anterior cerebral artery, posterior communicating artery, and middle cerebral artery was followed. Repositioning of clipping in eleven cases, and one endovascular treatment were performed. No residual aneurysm was found in postoperative angiography, and no complication was noted in related to the operations. CONCLUSION: These results indicate the importance of postoperative or follow up angiography and that reoperation of residual or slowly recurrent aneurysm should be tried if such lesions being found. Precise evaluation and appropriate planning including endovascular treatment should be performed for complete obliteration of the residual or recurrent aneurysm.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Angiography , Anterior Cerebral Artery , Arteries , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Medical Records , Middle Cerebral Artery , Reoperation , Retrospective Studies , Subarachnoid Hemorrhage , Surgical Instruments
20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-95228

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: There have been no clinical studies regarding the epidemiology and treatment outcome for unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) in South Korea yet. Thus, The Korean Society of Cerebrovascular Surgery (KSCVS) decided to evaluate the clinical and epidemiological characteristics, and outcome of the treatment of UIA in 2006, using the nationwide multicenter survey in South Korea. METHODS: A total of 1,696 cases were enrolled retrospectively over one year at 48 hospitals. The following data were obtained from all patients : age, sex, presence of symptoms, location and size of the aneurysm, treatment modality, presence of risk factors for stroke, and the postoperative 30-day morbidity and mortality. RESULTS: The demographic data showed female predominance and peak age of seventh and sixth decades. Supraclinoid internal carotid artery was the most common site of aneurysms with a mean size of 5.6 mm. Eight-hundred-forty-six patients (49.9%) were treated with clipping, 824 (48.6%) with coiling, and 26 with combined method. The choice of the treatment modalities was related to hospital (p = 0.000), age (p = 0.000), presence of symptom (p = 0.003), and location of aneurysm (p = 0.000). The overall 30-day morbidity and mortality were 7.4% and 0.3%, respectively. The 30-day mortality was 0.4% for clipping and 0.2% for coiling, and morbidity was 8.4% for clipping and 6.3% for coiling. Age (p = 0.010), presence of symptoms (p = 0.034), size (p = 0.000) of aneurysm, and diabetes mellitus (p = 0.000) were significant prognostic factors, while treatment modality was not. CONCLUSION: This first nation-wide multicenter survey on UIAs demonstrates the epidemiological and clinical characteristics, outcome and the prognostic factors of the treatment of UIAs in South Korea. The 30-day postoperative outcome for UIAs seems to be reasonable morbidity and mortality in South Korea.


Subject(s)
Aneurysm , Carotid Artery, Internal , Diabetes Mellitus , Female , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm , Korea , Republic of Korea , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stroke , Treatment Outcome
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