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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-875487

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease (iMCD) comprises approximately 30% of all cases of Castleman disease. It is characterized by constitutional symptoms, enlarged lymph nodes at multiple anatomical sites, and laboratory test abnormalities, which are primarily related to the overproduction of interleukin 6 (IL-6). Siltuximab is a human-mouse chimeric immunoglobulin G1κ monoclonal antibody against human IL-6. In view of the limited treatment options for iMCD, this study aimed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of siltuximab in the management of this condition. @*Methods@#In this real-world retrospective study, we administered siltuximab to 15 patients with iMCD who previously received conventional chemotherapy and/or steroid pulse therapy. The median time to a durable symptomatic response was 22 days (range, 17 to 56). The serum hemoglobin and albumin levels and erythrocyte sedimentation rates significantly normalized after the first 3 months of siltuximab treatment. Lymph node involution, assessed using imaging, was relatively gradual, demonstrating a complete or partial response at 6 months. @*Results@#On an average, the improvements in clinical, laboratory, and radiologic parameters of iMCD in responders were observed after one, three, and eight cycles of siltuximab treatment, respectively. Siltuximab demonstrated a favorable safety profile, and prolonged treatment was well-tolerated. @*Conclusions@#Despite the small sample size of the present study, the results are encouraging and demonstrate the potential of siltuximab as the first-line treatment of iMCD. Further large multicenter studies are needed to evaluate the clinical outcomes and adverse events associated with siltuximab.

2.
Blood Research ; : 159-168, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831005

ABSTRACT

Background@#Plasma cell myeloma (PCM) is a genetically heterogeneous disease. The genetic spectrum of PCM has been expanded to mutations such as KRAS, NRAS, and BRAF genes in the RAS-RAF-MAPK pathway. In this study, we have evaluated the frequency of these mutations and their significance, including baseline characteristics and clinical outcomes. @*Methods@#We explored 50 patients who were newly diagnosed with PCM between 2009 and 2012 at a single Korean institute. Clinical and laboratory parameters were gathered through careful review of medical records. Mutation analysis was carried out using DNA from the bone marrow at the time of diagnosis. Pyrosequencing was performed to detect KRAS G12V,KRASG13D, and NRAS G61R. BRAF V600E was analyzed by allele-specific real-time PCR. Comparison of clinical and laboratory parameters was carried out according to those mutations. @*Results@#We identified 14 patients (28%) with activating mutations in the RAS-RAF-MAPK pathway (RAS/RAF mutations):KRAS (N=3), KRAS (N=4),BRAF (N=7), and both KRAS and BRAF (N=1). RAS/RAF mutations were more frequently observed in patients with complex karyotypes and showed poorer progression free survival (PFS). Specifically, the BRAF V600E mutation had a significantly negative impact on median PFS. @*Conclusion@#We first showed the frequency of RAS/RAF mutations in Korean patients with PCM.Screening of these mutations could be considered as a routine clinical test at the time of diagnosis and follow-up due to their influence on clinical outcome, as well as its potential as a therapeutic target.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764060

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Patients suffer from long-term diabetes can result in severe complications in multiple organs through induction of vascular dysfunctions. However, the effects of chronic hyperglycemic conditions on hematopoiesis and the microenvironment in the bone marrow (BM) are not yet well understood. METHODS: BM cells were harvested from femurs of mice and analyzed using flow cytometry. Human PVCs were cultured in serum-free α-MEM. After 24hrs, PVC-CM was collected and filtered through a 0.22 μm filter. RESULTS: In this study, we showed that hyperglycemia alters hematopoietic composition in the BM, which can partially be restored via paracrine mechanisms, including perivascular cells (PVCs) and NADPH oxidase (NOX) inhibition in mice with streptozotocin-induced diabetes. Prolonged hyperglycemic conditions resulted in an increase in the frequency and number of long-term hematopoietic stem cells as well as the number of total BM cells. The altered hematopoiesis in the BM was partially recovered by treatment with PVC-derived conditioned medium (CM). Long-term diabetes also increased the number of myeloid-derived suppressor cells in the BM, which was partially restored by the administration of PVC-CM and diphenyleneiodonium (DPI), a NOX inhibitor. We further showed the downregulation of ERK and p38 phosphorylation in BM cells of diabetic mice treated with PVC-CM and DPI. This may be associated with dysfunction of hematopoietic cells and promotion of subsequent diabetic complications. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggested that alterations in BM hematopoietic composition due to prolonged hyperglycemic conditions might be restored by improvement of the hematopoietic microenvironment and modulation of NOX activity.


Subject(s)
Animals , Bone Marrow , Culture Media, Conditioned , Diabetes Complications , Down-Regulation , Femur , Flow Cytometry , Hematopoiesis , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Hyperglycemia , Mice , NADP , NADPH Oxidases , Phosphorylation
4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764059

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Cells of innate immunity normally recover in the first weeks to months after allogenenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Their relevance in terms of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) effect is largely unknown. The predictive role of early recovery in the immune cells on acute GVHD and GVL effect after allo-HSCT was investigated in patients with acute leukemia who achieved the first complete remission. METHODS: Peripheral blood samples were taken at the median of 14 days (range, 12~29 days) after allo-HSCT. A cohort including 119 samples and characteristics of patients were analyzed. Immune cell populations were identified by flow cytometry. RESULTS: The median age was 49.0 years (range, 21~69) at transplantation. Univariate analysis showed that age less than 40 years old, lower frequencies of CD8+ T cells, invariant natural killer T (iNKT) cells, monocytic myeloid derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs) and higher frequency of immature MDSCs were associated with occurrence of grade III–IV acute GVHD. Multivariate analyses showed that iNKT cells (hazard ratio (HR), 0.453, 95% CI, 0.091~0.844, p=0.024) and M-MDSCs (HR, 0.271, 95% CI, 0.078~0.937, p=0.039) were independent factors. Combination of higher frequencies of both cell subsets was associated with lower incidence of grade III–IV acute GVHD, whereas patients with lower frequency of iNKT cells and higher frequency of M-MDSCs showed significant higher probability of relapse. CONCLUSIONS: iNKT cells and M-MDSCs could be relevant cell biomarkers for predicting acute GVHD and/or relapse in acute leukemia patients treated with allo-HSCT.


Subject(s)
Biomarkers , Cohort Studies , Flow Cytometry , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Hematopoietic Stem Cells , Humans , Immunity, Innate , Incidence , Leukemia , Multivariate Analysis , Natural Killer T-Cells , Recurrence , T-Lymphocytes
5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763991

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study was performed to investigate the effect of exposure parameters on image quality obtained using a cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scanner and the relationship between physical factors and clinical image quality depending on the diagnostic task. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CBCT images of a SedentexCT IQ phantom and a real skull phantom were obtained under different combinations of tube voltage and tube current (Alphard 3030 CBCT scanner, 78–90 kVp and 2–8 mA). The images obtained using a SedentexCT IQ phantom were analyzed technically, and the physical factors of image noise, contrast resolution, spatial resolution, and metal artifacts were measured. The images obtained using a real skull phantom were evaluated for each diagnostic task by 6 oral and maxillofacial radiologists, and each setting was classified as acceptable or unacceptable based on those evaluations. A statistical analysis of the relationships of exposure parameters and physical factors with observer scores was conducted. RESULTS: For periapical diagnosis and implant planning, the tube current of the acceptable images was significantly higher than that of the unacceptable images. Image noise, the contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR), the line pair chart on the Z axis, and modulation transfer function (MTF) values showed statistically significant differences between the acceptable and unacceptable image groups. The cut-off values obtained using receiver operating characteristic curves for CNR and MTF 10 were useful for determining acceptability. CONCLUSION: Tube current had a major influence on clinical image quality. CNR and MTF 10 were useful physical factors that showed significantly associations with clinical image quality.


Subject(s)
Artifacts , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Diagnosis , Noise , ROC Curve , Skull
6.
Immune Network ; : e44-2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718578

ABSTRACT

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a life-threatening complication after bone marrow transplantation (BMT), is induced by activation of alloreactive donor T cells. Our previous study demonstrated that transplantation of myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88)-deficient knockout (KO) bone marrow (BM) resulted in aggravation of GVHD. Here, to understand the cellular mechanism, we performed longitudinal in vivo imaging and flow cytometric analyses followed by transcriptome and functional examination of donor MyD88-KO BM progenies in GVHD hosts, using a major histocompatibility complex-matched but minor histocompatibility antigen-mismatched C57BL/6→BALB.B model. In GVHD hosts with MyD88-KO BMT, donor BM-derived CD11b+Gr-1+ cells were found to undergo cell death, a fate significantly different from the explosive expansion shown by the wild type (WT) counterparts, and also from the moderate expansion of the WT or MyD88-KO BM-derived cells in non-GVHD hosts. It was also revealed that MyD88-KO CD11b+Gr-1+ cells preferred differentiation into CD11c+ dendritic cells (DCs) to expansion as myeloid-derived suppressor cells in GVHD hosts or in high inflammatory in vitro conditions. These CD11c+ DCs comprised the majority of MyD88-KO CD11b+Gr-1+ apoptotic cells in GVHD hosts. Their ability to cross-present alloantigens of host origin contributed to the enhancement of T cell alloreactivity, causing GVHD aggravation and eventually death through the killing function of activated T cells. These results provide insights into the roles of MyD88 in myelopoiesis of donor BM and the protective effects in GVHD hosts, helpful information for development of a strategy to control GVHD.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow Cells , Bone Marrow Transplantation , Bone Marrow , Cell Death , Dendritic Cells , Graft vs Host Disease , Histocompatibility , Homicide , Humans , In Vitro Techniques , Isoantigens , Myeloid Differentiation Factor 88 , Myelopoiesis , T-Lymphocytes , Tissue Donors , Transcriptome
7.
Blood Research ; : 123-129, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714932

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of darbepoetin alfa (DA) on hemoglobin (Hb) concentration and the need for transfusions in multiple myeloma (MM) patients receiving chemotherapy with novel agents. METHODS: Of 251 patients with MM who received DA therapy for at least 4 weeks, 142 who did not receive RBC transfusion during 4 weeks after DA initiation and started DA therapy at baseline Hb <10.0 g/dL were analyzed. RESULTS: After 4 weeks of DA therapy, 80 (60.6%) of 132 patients with evaluable data had Hb that increased ≥1.0 g/dL from baseline, while 50 (37.9%) had Hb that increased ≥2.0 g/dL from baseline. Pretreatment Hb level did not correlate with the proportion of patients with increased Hb. The median duration of DA therapy was 9.0 weeks. At the end of DA therapy, of 135 patients with evaluable data, 86 (60.6%) had Hb that increased ≥1.0 g/dL from baseline, while 67 (47.2%) had Hb that increased ≥2.0 g/dL from baseline. Stage III disease according to the International Staging System and absence of myeloma bone disease at diagnosis were independent predictors of higher Hb response during early DA therapy. CONCLUSION: We demonstrated the efficacy of DA therapy in a homogeneous group of MM patients receiving chemotherapy. DA therapy significantly increased Hb concentration, regardless of baseline Hb level.


Subject(s)
Anemia , Bone Diseases , Darbepoetin alfa , Diagnosis , Drug Therapy , Erythropoietin , Humans , Multiple Myeloma
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740369

ABSTRACT

Cemento-osseous dysplasia (COD) is a benign fibro-osseous lesion of bone, in which normal bone is replaced by fibrous tissue, followed by calcification with osseous and cementum-like tissue. COD is classified into 3 categories according to its location: periapical, focal, and florid COD (FCOD). On radiography, FCOD appears radiolucent in its early stages. As it matures, radiopacities appear within the lesion, causing them to show a mixed appearance of radiolucency and radiopacity. Because FCOD is usually asymptomatic and grows in a self-limited manner, it does not require treatment. Secondary infection is the most frequent cause of symptomatic cases. We report a case of FCOD with symptoms that appeared after a dental restoration procedure and persisted after repeated operations. The purpose of this report is to emphasize the importance of thorough radiological evaluations of patients with FCOD before treatment.


Subject(s)
Bone Diseases , Coinfection , Cone-Beam Computed Tomography , Humans , Radiography , Radiography, Panoramic
9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138435

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Multiple myeloma (MM)–associated cardiac damage, particularly according to the type of monoclonal (M) protein has not been elucidated. We sought to investigate relationship between elevated serum M protein levels and echocardiographic indices of cardiac structure and function in patients with MM. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 184 consecutive MM patients who underwent echocardiography for bone marrow pre-transplant screening. Serum levels of intact immunoglobulin M protein and free light chain kappa/lambda (FLC-κ/-λ) were measured. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-nine patients were non-light chain MM (non-LCMM) and 45 patients belonged to LCMM. In patients with non-LCMM, significant correlations were found between serum M protein and left atrial volume index (LAVi; r = 0.720, p < 0.0001), E/e’ (r = 0.511, p < 0.0001), and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (r = 0.485, p < 0.0001). In patients with LCMM, log-transformed FLC-λ (log-λ) was correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, r = –0.536, p = 0.010), left ventricular (LV) end-systolic dimension (r = 0.500, p = 0.018), and LV end-systolic volume (r = 0.444, p = 0.038). On multivariate analyses, hematocrit and serum M protein were independent predictors of LAVi in patients with non-LCMM. In patient with LCMM, FLC-λ isotype was only found to be an independent determinant of LVEF. CONCLUSIONS: An increase in serum M protein was associated with LV diastolic dysfunction, whereas an increase in serum FLC-λ concentration showed a negative correlation with the echocardiographic parameters of LV systolic function. These findings also suggest that serum M protein has different effects on LV function according to the type of paraproteins in patients with MM.


Subject(s)
Arterial Pressure , Bone Marrow , Echocardiography , Hematocrit , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Mass Screening , Multiple Myeloma , Multivariate Analysis , Paraproteins , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-138434

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Multiple myeloma (MM)–associated cardiac damage, particularly according to the type of monoclonal (M) protein has not been elucidated. We sought to investigate relationship between elevated serum M protein levels and echocardiographic indices of cardiac structure and function in patients with MM. METHODS: We evaluated a total of 184 consecutive MM patients who underwent echocardiography for bone marrow pre-transplant screening. Serum levels of intact immunoglobulin M protein and free light chain kappa/lambda (FLC-κ/-λ) were measured. RESULTS: One hundred thirty-nine patients were non-light chain MM (non-LCMM) and 45 patients belonged to LCMM. In patients with non-LCMM, significant correlations were found between serum M protein and left atrial volume index (LAVi; r = 0.720, p < 0.0001), E/e’ (r = 0.511, p < 0.0001), and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure (r = 0.485, p < 0.0001). In patients with LCMM, log-transformed FLC-λ (log-λ) was correlated with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF, r = –0.536, p = 0.010), left ventricular (LV) end-systolic dimension (r = 0.500, p = 0.018), and LV end-systolic volume (r = 0.444, p = 0.038). On multivariate analyses, hematocrit and serum M protein were independent predictors of LAVi in patients with non-LCMM. In patient with LCMM, FLC-λ isotype was only found to be an independent determinant of LVEF. CONCLUSIONS: An increase in serum M protein was associated with LV diastolic dysfunction, whereas an increase in serum FLC-λ concentration showed a negative correlation with the echocardiographic parameters of LV systolic function. These findings also suggest that serum M protein has different effects on LV function according to the type of paraproteins in patients with MM.


Subject(s)
Arterial Pressure , Bone Marrow , Echocardiography , Hematocrit , Humans , Immunoglobulin M , Mass Screening , Multiple Myeloma , Multivariate Analysis , Paraproteins , Stroke Volume , Ventricular Function, Left
11.
Blood Research ; : 174-183, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-185281

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Standard remission induction chemotherapy consisting of anthracycline plus cytarabine (3+7) is administered for adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML). However, the effects of intensified regimen on complete remission (CR), relapse and overall survival (OS) remain unknown. METHODS: We analyzed 1195 patients treated with idarubicin plus cytarabine/BHAC (3+7) from 2002 to 2013. Among them, 731 received early intensification with 3-day cytarabine/BHAC (3+10, N=363) or 2-day idarubicin plus cytarabine/BHAC 3 days (5+10, N=368). The 3+10 and 5+10 strategies were applied to patients with bone marrow blast counts of 5–20% and >20% on day 7 of 3+7, respectively. RESULTS: Early intensification correlated with a younger age (median: 40 vs. 45 yr) and higher t(8;21) frequency (20.4% vs. 7.1%), compared to 3+7. After early intensification, the early death rates were higher among the elderly (3+10 [15.7%], 5+10 [21.7%] vs. 3+7 [6.3%], P=0.038), while the post-induction CR rate was higher in young patients (3+10 [79.8%], 5+10 [75.1%] vs. 3+7 [65.1%], P<0.001). Early relapse rate was also decreased (3+10 [11.8%], 5+10 [11.7%] vs. 3+7 [22.0%], P<0.001). In multivariate analysis, early intensification correlated with an inferior 5-year OS among elderly patients (19.2% vs. 22.8%; hazard ratio [HR]=1.84, 95% confidence interval [CI]; 1.11–3.06, P=0.018) and lower overall relapse rate among young patients (33.0% vs. 41.4%, P=0.023; HR=0.71, 95% CI; 0.55–0.93, P=0.012). CONCLUSION: Early intensification correlated with higher CR and lower relapse rates, but not OS in young AML patients. In elderly patients, early intensification correlated with a higher early death rate and poorer OS.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Bone Marrow , Cytarabine , Drug Therapy , Humans , Idarubicin , Induction Chemotherapy , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute , Mortality , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Remission Induction
12.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-34431

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Multiple myeloma (MM) is characterized by a neoplastic proliferation of plasma cells primarily in the bone marrow. Bisphosphonates (BP) are used as supportive therapy in the management of MM. This study aimed to analyze the incidence, risk factors, and clinical outcomes of medication-related necrosis of the jaw (MRONJ) in MM patients. METHODS: One hundred thirty MM patients who had previous dental evaluations were retrospectively reviewed. Based on several findings, we applied the staging and treatment strategies on MRONJ. We analyzed gender, age, type of BP, incidence, and local etiological factors and assessed the relationship between these factors and the clinical findings at the first oral examination. RESULTS: MRONJ was found in nine male patients (6.9%). The mean patient age was 62.2 years. The median BP administration time was 19 months. Seven patients were treated with a combination of IV zoledronate and pamidronate, and two patients received single-agent therapy. The lesions were predominantly located in the mandible (n = 8), and the most common predisposing dental factor was a history of prior extraction (n = 6). Half of the MRONJ were related to diseases found on the initial dental screen. Patients with MRONJ were treated with infection control and antibiotic therapy. When comparing between the MRONJ stage and each factor (sign, location, etiologic factor, BP type, treatment, and outcome), there were no significant differences between stages, except for between the stage and sign (with or without purulence). CONCLUSIONS: For prevention of MRONJ, we recommend routine dental examinations and treatment prior to starting BP therapy.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Diagnosis, Oral , Diphosphonates , Humans , Incidence , Infection Control , Jaw , Male , Mandible , Multiple Myeloma , Necrosis , Osteonecrosis , Plasma Cells , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors
13.
Immune Network ; : 250-260, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-22200

ABSTRACT

This retrospective study aimed to compare the clinical features of paramedullary lesions (PLs) and extramedullary lesions (ELs) of plasmacytomas at diagnosis, using positron emission tomography integrated with computed tomography, using glucose labeled with the positron-emitting radionuclide ¹⁸F (¹⁸F-FDG-PET/CT) in newly diagnosed multiple myeloma (NDMM), and to address their prognostic impact. Sixty-four patients with NDMM presenting ELs (n=22) and/or PLs (n=42) were included. Patients with ELs at initial presentation had unfavorable laboratory parameters of calcium and lactate dehydrogenase, a higher percentage of bone marrow plasma cells, and showed a trend toward advanced international staging system (ISS), compared to patients with PLs. Using X-ray imaging, high bone disease (HBD) was observed in 50% and 71% of patients with ELs and PLs, respectively. After a median follow-up of 29.2 months (range, 3.4–76.5 months) in survivors, patients with ELs had a significantly lower overall survival (OS) (p=0.033) than patients with PLs did, whereas the progression-free survival (PFS) did not differ significantly (p=0.818). However, the PFS after 1(st) progression was significantly worse in patients with ELs than in those with PLs (p=0.017). In the multivariate analyses, the negative impact of initial ELs on OS (p=0.033) was sustained. Our results demonstrated the different clinical features and outcomes of ELs and PLs in NDMM. Patients with initial ELs showed a shorter PFS after 1(st) progression, which translated into poor OS, providing insight into the different biological effect of ELs.


Subject(s)
Bone Diseases , Bone Marrow , Calcium , Diagnosis , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Glucose , Humans , L-Lactate Dehydrogenase , Multiple Myeloma , Multivariate Analysis , Plasma Cells , Plasmacytoma , Positron-Emission Tomography , Retrospective Studies , Survivors
14.
Blood Research ; : 193-199, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209253

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Bendamustine may be a potential treatment option for patients with myeloma, but little is known about the utility of bendamustine as a salvage treatment, especially in Asian patients. METHODS: We performed a multicenter retrospective study of patients with relapsed or refractory myeloma who received bendamustine and prednisone. RESULTS: The records of 65 heavily pre-treated patients, who had undergone bortezomib and lenalidomide treatment (median number of previous treatments: 5), were analyzed. The median time from diagnosis to bendamustine treatment was 3.8 years, and the median patient age was 63 years (range, 38‒77 yr). The responses to the last treatment before bendamustine were refractory disease (N=52, 80%) or disease progression from partial response (N=13, 20%). Twenty-three patients responded to the treatment, with an overall response rate of 35% (23/65), and the median number of bendamustine treatment cycles was two (range, 1‒5 cycles). The median overall survival after bendamustine treatment was 5.5 months and the overall survival rate in responders to bendamustine was significantly better than that in non-responders (P=0.036). CONCLUSION: Bendamustine may be a potential salvage treatment to extend survival in a select group of heavily pre-treated patients with relapsed or refractory myeloma.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Bendamustine Hydrochloride , Bortezomib , Diagnosis , Disease Progression , Humans , Multiple Myeloma , Prednisone , Retrospective Studies , Salvage Therapy , Survival Rate
15.
16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-727993

ABSTRACT

Severe graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is an often lethal complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). The safety of clinical-grade mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been validated, but mixed results have been obtained due to heterogeneity of the MSCs. In this phase I study, the safety of bone marrow-derived homogeneous clonal MSCs (cMSCs) isolated by a new subfractionation culturing method was evaluated. cMSCs were produced in a GMP facility and intravenously administered to patients who had refractory GVHD to standard treatment resulting after allogeneic HSCT for hematologic malignancies. After administration of a single dose (1x10(6) cells/kg), 11 patients were evaluated for cMSC treatment safety and efficacy. During the trial, nine patients had 85 total adverse events and the rate of serious adverse events was 27.3% (3/11 patients). The only one adverse drug reaction related to cMSC administration was grade 2 myalgia in one patient. Treatment response was observed in four patients: one with acute GVHD (partial response) and three with chronic GVHD. The other chronic patients maintained stable disease during the observation period. This study demonstrates single cMSC infusion to have an acceptable safety profile and promising efficacy, suggesting that we can proceed with the next stage of the clinical trial.


Subject(s)
Bone Marrow , Drug-Related Side Effects and Adverse Reactions , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematologic Neoplasms , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Myalgia , Population Characteristics
17.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-81006

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, large cohort studies regarding associations between autoimmune disease and lymphomas have been reported in a few Western countries. However, Asian data concerning autoimmune-related lymphomas are limited. Therefore, we evaluated the clinical characteristics and prognostic factors of patients with autoimmune disease-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in a single center in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed the data from 11 patients with autoimmune-related NHL. Patients were categorized into two groups, those with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and those with non-RA-related NHL. Then patients were re-categorized into a group with methotrexate (MTX) usage and a MTX non-usage group. Histological subtype, MTX duration, autoimmune disease duration, treatment modalities, and other data were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: Our study revealed that older RA patients have a greater likelihood of occurrence of NHL (p = 0.042). We confirmed that MTX duration and cumulative dose of MTX have no significant correlation with autoimmune disease and NHL (p = 0.073). In the management of autoimmune disease-related NHL, all patients were directly treated with systemic chemotherapy instead of employing a wait and watch approach. Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) in all autoimmune disease-related NHL were 100% and 87.5%, with no treatment-related mortality during the 2-year follow-up period of our study. CONCLUSIONS: Our study suggests that patients with RA-NHL are characterized by older age at onset compared to those with non-RA-NHL. Also considering of OS and PFS, intensive treatment strategy instead of delayed watchful managements may be required for autoimmune disease-related NHL including of old age group.


Subject(s)
Age of Onset , Arthritis, Rheumatoid , Asian Continental Ancestry Group , Autoimmune Diseases , Clinical Study , Cohort Studies , Disease-Free Survival , Drug Therapy , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Korea , Lymphoma , Lymphoma, Non-Hodgkin , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Methotrexate , Mortality , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37283

ABSTRACT

Multiple myeloma is an incurable malignant plasma cell-originating cancer. Although its treatment outcomes have improved with the use of glucocorticoids, alkylating drugs, and novel agents, including proteasome inhibitors (bortezomib and carfilzomib) and immunomodulatory drugs (thalidomide, lenalidomide, and pomalidomide), relapse remains a serious problem. Strategies to improve outcomes following autologous stem cell transplantation and frontline treatments in non-transplant patients include consolidation to intensify therapy and improve the depth of response and maintenance therapy to achieve long-term disease control. Many clinical trials have reported increased progression-free and overall survival rates after consolidation and maintenance therapy. The role of consolidation/maintenance therapy has been assessed in patients eligible and ineligible for transplantation and is a valuable option in clinical trial settings. However, the decision to use consolidation and/or maintenance therapy needs to be guided by the individual patient situation in actual clinical practice. This review analyzes the currently available evidence from several reported clinical trials to determine the optimal consolidation and maintenance therapy in clinical practice.


Subject(s)
Glucocorticoids , Humans , Immunologic Factors , Multiple Myeloma , Plasma , Proteasome Inhibitors , Recurrence , Stem Cell Transplantation , Survival Rate
19.
Immune Network ; : 358-365, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-26672

ABSTRACT

Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been used experimentally for treating inflammatory disorders, partly owing to their immunosuppressive properties. The goal of the study was to determine whether TLR ligands can enhance the therapeutic efficacy of bone marrow-derived MSCs for the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. Mice (C57BL6) were administered with 4% dextran sulfate sodium (DSS) in drinking water for 7 days and injected with MSCs on days 1 and 3 following DSS ingestion. Our results demonstrated that among various TLR ligands, MSCs treated with polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid [poly(I:C)], which is a TLR3 ligand, more profoundly induced IDO, which is a therapeutically relevant immunosuppressive factor, without any observable phenotype change in vitro. The poly(I:C)-treated MSCs attenuated the pathologic severity of DSS-induced murine colitis when injected i.p. but not i.v. In summary, preconditioning MSCs with poly(I:C) might improve their efficacy in treating DSS-induced colitis, and this effect at least partly depends on the enhancement of their immunosuppressive activity through increasing their production of IDO.


Subject(s)
Animals , Colitis , Dextran Sulfate , Drinking Water , Eating , In Vitro Techniques , Indoleamine-Pyrrole 2,3,-Dioxygenase , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Ligands , Mesenchymal Stem Cells , Mice , Phenotype , Poly I-C , Toll-Like Receptors
20.
Immune Network ; : 125-134, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-148264

ABSTRACT

Acute graft-versus-host-disease (GVHD) is characterized by selective damage to the liver, the skin, and the gastrointestinal tract. Following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, donor bone marrow (BM) cells repopulate the immune system of the recipient. We previously demonstrated that the acute intestinal GVHD (iGVHD) mortality rate was higher in MyD88-deficient BM recipients than that in the control BM recipients. In the present study, the role of MyD88 (expressed by donor BM) in the pathophysiology of hepatic GVHD (hGVHD) was examined. Unlike iGVHD, transplantation with MyD88-deficient T-cell depleted (TCD) BM attenuated hGVHD severity and was associated with low infiltration of T cells into the liver of the recipients. Moreover, GVHD hosts, transplanted with MyD88-deficient TCD BM, exhibited markedly reduced expansion of CD11b(+)Gr-1(+) myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) in the liver. Adoptive injection of the MDSC from wild type mice, but not MyD88-deficient mice, enhanced hepatic T cell infiltration in the MyD88-deficient TCD BM recipients. Pre-treatment of BM donors with LPS increased MDSC levels in the liver of allogeneic wild type BM recipients. In conclusion, hGVHD and iGVHD may occur through various mechanisms based on the presence of MyD88 in the non-T cell compartment of the allograft.


Subject(s)
Allografts , Animals , Bone Marrow , Gastrointestinal Tract , Graft vs Host Disease , Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation , Humans , Immune System , Liver , Mice , Mortality , Skin , T-Lymphocytes , Tissue Donors
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