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1.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 144-149, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-966311

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Near-infrared fluorescence imaging has been recently applied in the field of hepatobiliary surgery. Our objective was to apply blue-light fluorescence cholangiography during laparoscopic surgery. Therefore, we designed a preclinical study to evaluate the feasibility of using blue-light fluorescence for cholangiography in a porcine model. @*Methods@#Five millimeters of sodium fluorescein (SF) solution was administered into the gallbladder of 20 male 3-way crossbred (Landrace × Yorkshire × Duroc) pigs in laparoscopic approach. The biliary tree was observed under blue light (a peak wavelength of 450 nm) emitted from a commercialized light-emitting diode (LED) light source (XLS1 extreme, Chammed). @*Results@#In 18 of 20 porcine models, immediately after SF solution was administered into the gallbladder, it was possible to visualize the biliary tree under blue light emitted from the LED light source. @*Conclusion@#This study provided a preclinical basis for using blue-light fluorescence cholangiography using SF in laparoscopic surgery. The clinical feasibility of blue-light fluorescence imaging techniques for laparoscopic cholecystectomy remained to be demonstrated.

2.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e36-2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-926488

ABSTRACT

Background@#Since 2003, the H5 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) subtype has caused massive economic losses in the poultry industry in South Korea. The role of inland water bodies in avian influenza (AI) outbreaks has not been investigated. Identifying water bodies that facilitate risk pathways leading to the incursion of the HPAI virus (HPAIV) into poultry farms is essential for implementing specific precautionary measures to prevent viral transmission. @*Objectives@#This matched case-control study (1:4) examined whether inland waters were associated with a higher risk of AI outbreaks in the neighboring poultry farms. @*Methods@#Rivers, irrigation canals, lakes, and ponds were considered inland water bodies.The cases and controls were chosen based on the matching criteria. The nearest possible farms located within a radius of 3 km of the case farms were chosen as the control farms.The poultry farms were selected randomly, and two HPAI epidemics (H5N8 [2014–2016] and H5N6 [2016–2017]) were studied. Conditional logistic regression analysis was applied. @*Results@#Statistical analysis revealed that inland waters near poultry farms were significant risk factors for AI outbreaks. The study speculated that freely wandering wild waterfowl and small animals contaminate areas surrounding poultry farms. @*Conclusions@#Pet birds and animals raised alongside poultry birds on farm premises may wander easily to nearby waters, potentially increasing the risk of AI infection in poultry farms. Mechanical transmission of the AI virus occurs when poultry farm workers or visitors come into contact with infected water bodies or their surroundings. To prevent AI outbreaks in the future, poultry farms should adopt strict precautions to avoid contact with nearby water bodies and their surroundings.

3.
Journal of the Korean Medical Association ; : 417-422, 2022.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-938263

ABSTRACT

Bariatric or metabolic surgery is a safe and effective intervention for patients with obesity at higherrisk. In 2019, after the reimbursement in Korea, the number of metabolic surgery cases has rapidly increased. We aimed to introduce the current metabolic surgery concepts.Current Concepts: Patients with a body mass index (BMI) of ≥35 kg/m2 without coexisting medical problems and those with a BMI of ≥30 kg/m2 and ≥1 severe obesity-related complication remediable by weight loss could be considered as the candidates for metabolic surgery. The standardized and effective procedures are adjustable gastric banding, sleeve gastrectomy, Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. The decision on bariatric procedures should be based on the characteristics of patients considering the effectiveness and anticipated complications.Discussion and Conclusion: Metabolic surgery was shown to induce greater weight loss, better control of comorbidities, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, and more significant decrease in death compared to that of the nonsurgical approach. Postoperatively, a comprehensive approach consisting of psychosocial, behavioral, nutritional, and pharmacological aspects should be performed to amplify and maintain the effectiveness of metabolic surgery.

4.
The Korean Journal of Parasitology ; : 481-487, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919317

ABSTRACT

The objective of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an imidacloprid 10% and flumethrin 4.5% polymer matrix collar against the developmental stages of Haemaphysalis longicornis infesting dogs using the hair from treated dogs in a semi-in-vitro assay set. When incubated with 0.5 g of the hair collected from the dogs installed with the drug-embedded collar after 10 days, average death rate of the larval, nymphal, and adult H. longicornis was 21.5%, 77.9%, and 100% at 30 min, 1 hr, and 2 hr, respectively. This study showed the larval stages as well as the nymphal and adult stages of H. longicornis ticks are killed upon contact with the hair from dogs treated with the collar within 2 hr.

5.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 38-48, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-915001

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#As the number of gastric cancer survivors is increasing and their quality of life after surgery is being emphasized, single-port surgery is emerging as an alternative to conventional gastrectomy. A novel multi-degree-of-freedom (DOF) articulating device, the ArtiSential ® device (LivsMed, Seongnam, Korea), was designed to allow more intuitive and meticulous control for surgeons facing ergonomic difficulties with conventional tools. In this study, we evaluated the feasibility of this new device during single-port laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (SP-LDG) for early gastric cancer (EGC) patients. @*Materials and Methods@#Consecutive patients diagnosed with EGC who underwent SP-LDG with ArtiSential ® (LivsMed) graspers between April 2018 and August 2020 were enrolled in the study. The clinical outcomes were compared with those of a control group, in which prebent graspers (Olympus Medical Systems Corp) were used for the same procedures. @*Results@#Seventeen patients were enrolled in the ArtiSential ® group. There was no significant difference in operative time (205.4±6.0 vs. 218.1±9.9 minutes, P= 0.270) or the quality of surgery, in terms of the number of retrieved lymph nodes (49.5±3.5 vs. 45.9±4.0, P=0.473), length of hospital stay (15.4±2.0 vs. 12.4±1.3 days, P=0.588), and postoperative complications (40.0% vs. 41.2%, P=0.595), between the ArtiSential ® group and the control group. @*Conclusions@#The new multi-DOF articulating grasper is feasible and can be used as an alternative for prebent graspers during SP-LDG.

6.
Journal of Minimally Invasive Surgery ; : 175-179, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001347

ABSTRACT

Foregut surgery largely involves benign diseases, and not only malignant diseases. However, for foregut surgeons in Asia, this fact has not been extensively utilized in their clinical practice due to the high burden of gastric cancer surgery. Although the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in Eastern Asia, including Korea, is increasing, antireflux surgery (ARS) is still a fairly rare procedure in Korea. ARS is effective as proton pump inhibitors and is cost-effective compared to continuous double-dose proton pump inhibitors in patients with severe GERD. Therefore, we should focus on ARS as a treatment option for GERD also in Asian population. Similarly, although bariatric/metabolic surgery is effective in weight reduction and diabetes mellitus (DM) remission in patients with morbid obesity or DM, bariatric/metabolic surgery is only performed in a limited number of patients. Given that the prevalence of obesity and DM is continuously increasing in Korea, bariatric/metabolic surgery should become an interest among Korean foregut surgeons and should be considered a treatment for obesity and DM. Furthermore, there are new surgical fields that can control both benign and malignant diseases. Oncometabolic surgery is a field under foregut surgery that treats both malignant and benign components of a condition, an example being the control of metabolic syndrome while performing gastric cancer surgery. Therefore, in future gastric cancer treatment, oncometabolic surgery can be applied to patients with gastric cancer accompanied by obesity or metabolic syndrome.

7.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 152-164, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-835758

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#To compare long-term disease-free survival (DFS) between patients receiving tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil (S-1) or capecitabine plus oxaliplatin (CAPOX) adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) for gastric cancer (GC). @*Materials and Methods@#This retrospective multicenter observational study enrolled 983 patients who underwent curative gastrectomy with consecutive AC with S-1 or CAPOX for stage II or III GC at 27 hospitals in Korea between February 2012 and December 2013. We conducted propensity score matching to reduce selection bias. Long-term oncologic outcomes, including DFS rate over 5 years (over-5yr DFS), were analyzed postoperatively. @*Results@#The median and longest follow-up period were 59.0 and 87.6 months, respectively. DFS rate did not differ between patients who received S-1 and CAPOX for pathologic stage II (P=0.677) and stage III (P=0.899) GC. Moreover, hazard ratio (HR) for recurrence did not differ significantly between S-1 and CAPOX (reference) in stage II (HR, 1.846; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.693–4.919; P=0.220) and stage III (HR, 0.942; 95% CI, 0.664–1.337; P=0.738) GC. After adjustment for significance in multivariate analysis, pT (4 vs. 1) (HR, 11.667; 95% CI, 1.595–85.351; P=0.016), pN stage (0 vs. 3) (HR, 2.788; 95% CI, 1.502–5.174; P=0.001), and completion of planned chemotherapy (HR, 2.213; 95% CI, 1.618–3.028; P<0.001) were determined as independent prognostic factors for DFS. @*Conclusions@#S-1 and CAPOX AC regimens did not show significant difference in over-5yr DFS after curative gastrectomy in patients with stage II or III GC. The pT, pN stage, and completion of planned chemotherapy were prognostic factors for GC recurrence.

8.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 314-317, 2020.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-834867

ABSTRACT

Antineuronal antibody-associated paraneoplastic neurologic syndromes result from tumor-stimulated autoimmune attacks against components of the nervous system. Paraneoplastic myelopathy associated with Purkinje-cell cytoplasmic autoantibody type 1 (anti-Yo) is extremely rare disorder. It is almost exclusively reported in women with gynecological tumors. Even though few cases of anti-Yo-associated paraneoplastic neurologic syndrome related to other cancers are reported, it is a very uncommon condition, especially in males. The author report here the first case of anti-Yo myelopathy with prostatic adenocarcinoma.

9.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 311-312, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787145

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative , Mucus , Proteomics , Ulcer
10.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 225-230, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-939364

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#It is not possible to measure how much activity is required to understand and code a medical data. We introduce an assessment method in clinical coding, and applied this method to neurosurgical terms.@*METHODS@#Coding activity consists of two stages. At first, the coders need to understand a presented medical term (informational activity). The second coding stage is about a navigating terminology browser to find a code that matches the concept (code-matching activity). Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine – Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) was used for the coding system. A new computer application to record the trajectory of the computer mouse and record the usage time was programmed. Using this application, we measured the time that was spent. A senior neurosurgeon who has studied SNOMED CT has analyzed the accuracy of the input coding. This method was tested by five neurosurgical residents (NSRs) and five medical record administrators (MRAs), and 20 neurosurgical terms were used.@*RESULTS@#The mean accuracy of the NSR group was 89.33%, and the mean accuracy of the MRA group was 80% (p=0.024). The mean duration for total coding of the NSR group was 158.47 seconds, and the mean duration for total coding of the MRA group was 271.75 seconds (p=0.003).@*CONCLUSION@#We proposed a method to analyze the clinical coding process. Through this method, it was possible to accurately calculate the time required for the coding. In neurosurgical terms, NSRs had shorter time to complete the coding and higher accuracy than MRAs.

11.
Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine ; : 225-230, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785327

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: It is not possible to measure how much activity is required to understand and code a medical data. We introduce an assessment method in clinical coding, and applied this method to neurosurgical terms.METHODS: Coding activity consists of two stages. At first, the coders need to understand a presented medical term (informational activity). The second coding stage is about a navigating terminology browser to find a code that matches the concept (code-matching activity). Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine – Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT) was used for the coding system. A new computer application to record the trajectory of the computer mouse and record the usage time was programmed. Using this application, we measured the time that was spent. A senior neurosurgeon who has studied SNOMED CT has analyzed the accuracy of the input coding. This method was tested by five neurosurgical residents (NSRs) and five medical record administrators (MRAs), and 20 neurosurgical terms were used.RESULTS: The mean accuracy of the NSR group was 89.33%, and the mean accuracy of the MRA group was 80% (p=0.024). The mean duration for total coding of the NSR group was 158.47 seconds, and the mean duration for total coding of the MRA group was 271.75 seconds (p=0.003).CONCLUSION: We proposed a method to analyze the clinical coding process. Through this method, it was possible to accurately calculate the time required for the coding. In neurosurgical terms, NSRs had shorter time to complete the coding and higher accuracy than MRAs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Humans , Mice , Clinical Coding , Medical Informatics , Medical Record Administrators , Methods , Neurosurgeons , Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine
12.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 484-492, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785954

ABSTRACT

Few surgeons have adopted pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for the treatment of advanced gastric cancer (AGC) invading the pancreas or duodenum because it remains controversial whether its prognostic benefits outweigh the high morbidity rates in such advanced cases. However, recent technical advances have revived diverse surgical procedures in minimally invasive approaches. Inspired by this trend, laparoscopic PD procedures have been performed for AGC in our institute since 2014. We recently performed a laparoscopic Whipple's operation in a case of cT4b gastric cancer with invasion of the pancreatic head and duodenum.


Subject(s)
Duodenum , Head , Pancreas , Pancreaticoduodenectomy , Stomach Neoplasms , Surgeons
13.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 257-264, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758462

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study examined the incidence of workplace violence (WPV) in an emergency department (ED), and its influence on ED workers' mental health. METHODS: A cross-sectional, anonymous survey was conducted on ED workers employed in a local emergency medical center during August 2018. The survey respondents' data on the demographic characteristics, WPV episode, Korean-translated Brief Encounter Psychosocial Instrument (BEPSI-K), stress questionnaire for Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) were obtained. The results of the stress (BEPSI-K, KNHANES) and depression (PHQ-9) score were compared with the WPV experience of ED workers. RESULTS: A total of 104 of 120 ED workers (86.7%) were exposed to WPV. ED workers that experienced physical violence within the past year had higher KNHANES, BEPSI-K, and PHQ-9 than the workers, who did not experience such violence (P≤0.001). In addition, this survey demonstrated that a physical violence episode within the past year was associated with above moderate depression (P≤0.001; odds ratio, 19.597). CONCLUSION: Recent physical violence can cause psychiatric disorders in ED workers, such as depression or stress disorder. Therefore, policies are needed to prevent WPV in ED and support ED workers who have experienced WPV.


Subject(s)
Humans , Anonyms and Pseudonyms , Depression , Emergencies , Emergency Service, Hospital , Incidence , Mental Health , Nutrition Surveys , Odds Ratio , Physical Abuse , Violence , Workplace Violence
14.
Journal of the Korean Society of Emergency Medicine ; : 8-15, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758445

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the validity of the International Classification of Diseases, 10th revision (ICD-10) codes for identifying patients who suffered out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). METHODS: Consecutive data pertaining to adult patients who suffered OHCA or received ICD-10 codes for cardiac arrest were collected. Patient characteristics and clinical data during the period from January 2015 to December 2016 were obtained. The sensitivity and positive predictive value (PPV) of each code for identifying OHCA were calculated and an optimal algorithm using diagnostic and procedure codes to detect OHCA patients was selected. The kappa coefficient was calculated to examine the agreement between algorithm-detected cases and true OHCA patients. RESULTS: A total of 397 patients were included in this study. The single use of ICD-10 codes was an insensitive method for identifying OHCA patients. Combination of diagnostic codes and procedure codes showed a good sensitivity (98.6%) and PPV (94.8%) for identifying OHCA patients. The agreement between the optimal algorithm and true OHCA was excellent (κ=0.970). CONCLUSION: Using ICD-10 codes for identifying OHCA patients is an insensitive method. The combination of ICD-10 codes and procedure codes can be an alternative search method.


Subject(s)
Adult , Humans , Heart Arrest , International Classification of Diseases , Methods , Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest
15.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 311-312, 2019.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761497

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Colitis, Ulcerative , Mucus , Proteomics , Ulcer
16.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : e59-2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758962

ABSTRACT

Two American Cocker Spaniels and one Bichon Frise were presented to our veterinary teaching hospital with an enlarged clitoris. Diagnostic imaging showed that the structure was composed of bony material. Exploratory laparotomy revealed uterine-like structures and testes which had an epididymis unilaterally. Surgical removal of internal genitalia, gonads and protruded clitoris were performed well. Histological evaluation revealed; inactive testes, female internal genital tracts with ambisexual ductal remnants, and prominent ossification in the clitoris. All 3 cases were diagnosed with male pseudohermaphroditism. In author's knowledge, this is the first report in Bichon Frise dog with os clitoris and also, it describes not common cases in small dog breeds with os clitoris.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Female , Humans , Male , Disorder of Sex Development, 46,XY , Clitoris , Diagnostic Imaging , Epididymis , Genitalia , Gonads , Hospitals, Teaching , Laparotomy , Testis
17.
Journal of Veterinary Science ; : 63-71, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-758882

ABSTRACT

Genome-wide association study (GWAS) is a powerful tool for identifying the genetic causes of various diseases. This study was conducted to identify genomic variation in Maltese dog genomes associated with degenerative mitral valve disease (DMVD) development and to evaluate the association of each biological condition with DMVD in Maltese dogs. DNA was extracted from blood samples obtained from 48 Maltese dogs (32 with DMVD and 16 controls). Genome-wide single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) genotyping was performed. The top 30 SNPs from each association of various conditions and genetic variations were mapped to their gene locations. A total of 173,662 loci were successfully genotyped, with an overall genotype completion rate of 99.41%. Quality control analysis excluded 46,610 of these SNPs. Manhattan plots were produced using allelic tests with various candidate clinical conditions. A significant peak of association was observed between mitral valve prolapse (MVP) and SNPs on chromosome 17. The present study revealed significant SNPs in several genes associated with cardiac function, including PDZ2, Armadillo repeat protein detected in velo-cardio-facial syndrome, catenin (cadherin-associated protein) alpha 3, low-density lipoprotein receptor class A domain containing protein 4, and sterile alpha motif domain containing protein 3. To our knowledge, this is the first study of a genetic predisposition to DMVD in Maltese dogs. Although only a limited number of cases were analyzed, these data could be the basis for further research on the genetic predisposition to MVP and DMVD in Maltese dogs.


Subject(s)
Animals , Dogs , Armadillos , Chromosomes, Human, Pair 17 , DiGeorge Syndrome , DNA , Genetic Predisposition to Disease , Genetic Variation , Genome , Genome-Wide Association Study , Genotype , Mitral Valve Prolapse , Mitral Valve , Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide , Quality Control , Receptors, Lipoprotein
18.
Journal of Gastric Cancer ; : 264-273, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-716708

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To investigate the current status of adjuvant chemotherapy (AC) regimens in Korea and the difference in efficacy of AC administered by surgical and medical oncologists in patients with stage II or III gastric cancers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective observational study among 1,049 patients who underwent curative resection and received AC for stage II and III gastric cancers between February 2012 and December 2013 at 29 tertiary referral university hospitals in Korea. To minimize the influence of potential confounders on selection bias, propensity score matching (PSM) was used based on binary logistic regression analysis. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) rates were compared between patients who received AC administered by medical oncologists or surgical oncologists. RESULTS: Between February 2012 and December 2013 in Korea, the most commonly prescribed AC by medical oncologists was tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil (S-1, 47.72%), followed by capecitabine with oxaliplatin (XELOX, 16.33%). After performing PSM, surgical oncologists (82.74%) completed AC as planned more often than medical oncologists (75.9%), with statistical significance (P=0.036). No difference in the 3-year DFS rates of stage II (P=0.567) or stage III (P=0.545) gastric cancer was found between the medical and surgical oncologist groups. CONCLUSIONS: S-1 monotherapy and XELOX are a main stay of AC, regardless of whether the prescribing physician is a medical or surgical oncologist. The better compliance with AC by surgical oncologists is a valid reason to advocate that surgical oncologists perform the treatment of AC for stage II or III gastric cancers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capecitabine , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Compliance , Disease-Free Survival , Hospitals, University , Korea , Logistic Models , Observational Study , Propensity Score , Referral and Consultation , Retrospective Studies , Selection Bias , Stomach Neoplasms
19.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 561-567, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714636

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Tolvaptan is a very effective treatment for hypervolemic or euvolemic hyponatremia. We compared the clinical efficacy of and response to tolvaptan in patients with the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion (SIADH) and congestive heart failure (CHF). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 50 patients (SIADH, n = 30; CHF, n = 20) who were prescribed tolvaptan between July 2013 and October 2015. Tolvaptan was prescribed when the serum sodium level was 135 mmol/L. RESULTS: After the initiation of tolvaptan therapy, there was an immediate response in the urine volume and serum sodium level in all patients. The improvements in the urine volume and serum sodium concentration were highest within the first 24 hours of treatment. In addition, the mean change in the serum sodium level during the first 24 hours was significantly higher in patients with SIADH than in those with CHF (∆Na, 9.9 ± 4.5 mmol/L vs. 6.9 ± 4.4 mmol/L, respectively; p = 0.025). Also, the mean maintenance dose was lower, and the total duration of tolvaptan use was slightly shorter in the SIADH group than CHF group (21.5 ± 14.9 days vs. 28.0 ± 20.1 days, p = 0.070). CONCLUSIONS: The early response to tolvaptan treatment was better in patients with SIADH than in those with CHF. Thus, the tolvaptan treatment strategy should be differed between patients with SIADH and those with CHF.


Subject(s)
Humans , Estrogens, Conjugated (USP) , Heart Failure , Hyponatremia , Inappropriate ADH Syndrome , Medical Records , Retrospective Studies , Sodium , Treatment Outcome
20.
The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine ; : 638-641, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-714625

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Hypogonadism , Lutein , Luteinizing Hormone
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