Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 53
Filter
1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-927009

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Studies have reported an association between fecal occult blood and increased all-cause, non-colorectal cancer (CRC) as well as CRC mortality. This study aimed to determine whether positive fecal immunochemistry test (FIT) results are associated with death from various causes in the South Korean population. @*Methods@#Using the Korean National Cancer Screening Program database, we collected data on patients who underwent FIT between 2009 and 2011. @*Results@#Of the 5,932,544 participants, 380,789 (6.4%) had positive FIT results. FIT-positive participants had a higher mortality rate than FIT-negative participants from CRC (1.33 and 0.21 per 1,000 person-years, p < 0.001, respectively) and non-CRC causes (10.40 and 7.50 per 1,000 person-years, p < 0.001, respectively). Despite adjusting for age, sex, smoking status, alcohol consumption habits, body mass index, comorbidity, and aspirin use, FIT positivity was associated with an increased risk of dying from all non-CRC causes (adjusted hazard ratio [aHR], 1.17; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.15 to 1.18) and CRC (aHR, 5.61; 95% CI, 5.40 to 5.84). Additionally, FIT positivity was significantly associated with increased mortality from circulatory disease (aHR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.17), respiratory disease (aHR, 1.14; 95% CI, 1.09 to 1.19), digestive disease (aHR, 1.57; 95% CI, 1.48 to 1.66), neuropsychological disease (aHR, 1.08; 95% CI, 1.01 to 1.16), blood and endocrine diseases (aHR, 1.10; 95% CI, 1.04 to 1.17), and external factors (aHR, 1.16; 95% CI, 1.11 to 1.20). @*Conclusions@#Positive FIT results are associated with an increased risk of mortality from CRC and various other chronic diseases, suggesting that it could be a predictor of mortality independent of its association with CRC.

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 423-432, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-925028

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#The relationship between fasting blood glucose (FBG) variability and colorectal cancer (CRC) remains ill-defined. This study aimed to evaluate the association of FBG variability with CRC risk in the healthy population without overt diabetes. @*Methods@#In the data from the Korean National Health Insurance Service-Health Screening Cohort, we included individuals examined by FBG testing at least 3 times between 2002 and 2007. FBG variability was calculated using standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (CV). @*Results@#Regarding FBG variability, an increase in the quintile of SD or CV was independently associated with CRC risk (all p for trend <0.01). When the change in FBG was classified into six trajectory patterns, unfavorable trajectory patterns (high stable and upward) were significantly associated with increased CRC risk (hazard ratio [HR] 2.30, p=0.003; HR 1.19, p=0.007, respectively). In subgroup analyses according to the sex, a significant association between FBG variability (SD or CV) and CRC risk was observed in men but not in women. The high stable and upward pattern were also associated with CRC risk in men (HR 2.47, p=0.002; HR 1.21, p=0.012) but not in women. @*Conclusions@#This study identified that FBG variability and unfavorable trajectory patterns were significantly associated with increased CRC risk in the healthy population without overt diabetes. Our findings suggest that FBG variability as well as FBG itself may be a predictive factor for the development of CRC.

3.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903729

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Annual fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are often repeated within the recommended colonoscopy surveillance intervals. However, it remains unclear whether interval FITs are useful. To answer this question, we assessed the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) according to the interval from the last colonoscopy to an FIT. @*Methods@#Using the Korean National Cancer Screening Program database, we collected data on patients who underwent FITs in 2011. Patients with positive FIT results were classified into three groups according to their previous colonoscopy interval: 0.5 to 5 years (group 1), 5 to 10 years (group 2), and ≥ 10 years or no colonoscopy (group 3). CRC incidence was defined as CRC diagnosed within 1 year after an FIT. @*Results@#Among 177,660 patients with positive FIT results, the incidence of CRC in groups 1, 2, and 3 was 0.72% (n = 214/29,575), 1.28% (n = 116/9,083), and 3.88% (n = 5,387/139,002), respectively. The age- and sex-adjusted risk for CRC was higher in groups 2 (odds ratio [OR], 1.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.43 to 2.25) and 3 (OR, 5.56; 95% CI, 4.85 to 6.38) than in group 1. Among patients who did and did not undergo a polypectomy during the previous colonoscopy, those in group 2 had a higher rate of CRC than those in group 1 (without polypectomy: 1.15% vs. 0.63%; OR, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.37 to 2.34) (with polypectomy: 2.37% vs. 0.93 %; OR, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.44 to 3.69). @*Conclusion@#In patients with positive FIT results who had undergone a colonoscopy within the past 5 years, the risk of CRC is very low, regardless of whether a polypectomy was performed, suggesting that interval FITs are not useful.

4.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903647

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic spontaneous intraperitoneal hemorrhage is both rare and potentially fatal. The incidence of gastroepiploic artery rupture, especially a non-aneurysmal rupture, is extremely low. We report the case of an elderly woman who was mistakenly diagnosed with procedure-related bleeding after gastroscopy. A 0.3 cm polyp was identified and removed during the procedure. The patient later developed shock due to which gastroscopy was repeated; however, no unusual findings were observed. Therefore, abdominopelvic computerized tomography was performed and gastroepiploic artery rupture was detected. Transcatheter arterial embolization was immediately performed without laparotomy, without any complications. The bleeding was controlled, and the patient was discharged after embolization. It is important to acknowledge the possibility of spontaneous rupture of the visceral arteries in elderly individuals with hypertension or atherosclerosis, especially in the event of sudden abdominal pain or shock immediately after an endoscopic procedure. This is the first case report of idiopathic spontaneous rupture of the right gastroepiploic artery successfully managed by transcatheter arterial embolization in South Korea.

5.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-903584

ABSTRACT

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is a highly fatal condition characterized by widespread thromboembolism subsequent to a triggering factor (e.g., infection, trauma, and neoplasia) in antiphospholipid antibody-positive patients. This paper reports a case of a 29-year-old male without the underlying disease who developed extensive mesenteric thromboembolism and jejunal necrosis during the treatment for acute enteritis. The patient’s condition was improved with low-molecular-weight heparin and an intravenous Ig treatment with emergency surgery. The serum antiphospholipid (anticardiolipin IgM) and lupus anticoagulant antibody tests showed positive results. Acute infectious enterocolitis is generally considered a mild disease. On the other hand, aggressive evaluation and treatment should be considered if the clinical conditions do not improve and deteriorate rapidly despite appropriate antibiotic treatment because of the possibility of acute immunological complications, such as catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome.

6.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 149-151, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897744

ABSTRACT

With advancing analytical methods for gut microbes, many studies have been conducted, revealing that gut microbes cause various diseases, including gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal diseases. Accordingly, studies have been actively conducted to analyze the effects on the prevention and treatment of these diseases through changes in intestinal microbes and control of dysbiosis. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effort and is currently being applied to Clostridioides difficile treatment in Korea. Many studies have demonstrated the application of FMT in inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity, and diabetes. With further studies and accumulation of evidence, FMT could help treat presently untreatable diseases in clinical practice.

7.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-896025

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Annual fecal immunochemical tests (FITs) are often repeated within the recommended colonoscopy surveillance intervals. However, it remains unclear whether interval FITs are useful. To answer this question, we assessed the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC) according to the interval from the last colonoscopy to an FIT. @*Methods@#Using the Korean National Cancer Screening Program database, we collected data on patients who underwent FITs in 2011. Patients with positive FIT results were classified into three groups according to their previous colonoscopy interval: 0.5 to 5 years (group 1), 5 to 10 years (group 2), and ≥ 10 years or no colonoscopy (group 3). CRC incidence was defined as CRC diagnosed within 1 year after an FIT. @*Results@#Among 177,660 patients with positive FIT results, the incidence of CRC in groups 1, 2, and 3 was 0.72% (n = 214/29,575), 1.28% (n = 116/9,083), and 3.88% (n = 5,387/139,002), respectively. The age- and sex-adjusted risk for CRC was higher in groups 2 (odds ratio [OR], 1.79; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.43 to 2.25) and 3 (OR, 5.56; 95% CI, 4.85 to 6.38) than in group 1. Among patients who did and did not undergo a polypectomy during the previous colonoscopy, those in group 2 had a higher rate of CRC than those in group 1 (without polypectomy: 1.15% vs. 0.63%; OR, 1.79; 95% CI, 1.37 to 2.34) (with polypectomy: 2.37% vs. 0.93 %; OR, 2.30; 95% CI, 1.44 to 3.69). @*Conclusion@#In patients with positive FIT results who had undergone a colonoscopy within the past 5 years, the risk of CRC is very low, regardless of whether a polypectomy was performed, suggesting that interval FITs are not useful.

8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895943

ABSTRACT

Idiopathic spontaneous intraperitoneal hemorrhage is both rare and potentially fatal. The incidence of gastroepiploic artery rupture, especially a non-aneurysmal rupture, is extremely low. We report the case of an elderly woman who was mistakenly diagnosed with procedure-related bleeding after gastroscopy. A 0.3 cm polyp was identified and removed during the procedure. The patient later developed shock due to which gastroscopy was repeated; however, no unusual findings were observed. Therefore, abdominopelvic computerized tomography was performed and gastroepiploic artery rupture was detected. Transcatheter arterial embolization was immediately performed without laparotomy, without any complications. The bleeding was controlled, and the patient was discharged after embolization. It is important to acknowledge the possibility of spontaneous rupture of the visceral arteries in elderly individuals with hypertension or atherosclerosis, especially in the event of sudden abdominal pain or shock immediately after an endoscopic procedure. This is the first case report of idiopathic spontaneous rupture of the right gastroepiploic artery successfully managed by transcatheter arterial embolization in South Korea.

9.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-895880

ABSTRACT

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is a highly fatal condition characterized by widespread thromboembolism subsequent to a triggering factor (e.g., infection, trauma, and neoplasia) in antiphospholipid antibody-positive patients. This paper reports a case of a 29-year-old male without the underlying disease who developed extensive mesenteric thromboembolism and jejunal necrosis during the treatment for acute enteritis. The patient’s condition was improved with low-molecular-weight heparin and an intravenous Ig treatment with emergency surgery. The serum antiphospholipid (anticardiolipin IgM) and lupus anticoagulant antibody tests showed positive results. Acute infectious enterocolitis is generally considered a mild disease. On the other hand, aggressive evaluation and treatment should be considered if the clinical conditions do not improve and deteriorate rapidly despite appropriate antibiotic treatment because of the possibility of acute immunological complications, such as catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome.

10.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-919326

ABSTRACT

Composition of the gut microbiota changes with aging and plays an important role in age-associated disease such as metabolic syndrome, cancer, and neurodegeneration. The gut microbiota composition oscillates through the day, and the disruption of their diurnal rhythm results in gut dysbiosis leading to metabolic and immune dysfunctions. It is well documented that circadian rhythm changes with age in several biological functions such as sleep, body temperature, and hormone secretion. However, it is not defined whether the diurnal pattern of gut microbial composition is affected by aging. To evaluate aging effects on the diurnal pattern of the gut microbiome, we evaluated the taxa profiles of cecal contents obtained from young and aged mice of both sexes at daytime and nighttime points by 16S rRNA gene sequencing. At the phylum level, the ratio of Firmicutes to Bacteroidetes and the relative abundances of Verrucomicrobia and Cyanobacteria were increased in aged male mice at night compared with that of young male mice. Meanwhile, the relative abundances of Sutterellaceae, Alloprevotella, Lachnospiraceae UCG-001, and Parasutterella increased in aged female mice at night compared with that of young female mice. The Lachnospiraceae NK4A136 group relative abundance increased in aged mice of both sexes but at opposite time points. These results showed the changes in diurnal patterns of gut microbial composition with aging, which varied depending on the sex of the host. We suggest that disturbed diurnal patterns of the gut microbiome can be a factor for the underlying mechanism of age-associated gut dysbiosis.

11.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 149-151, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-890040

ABSTRACT

With advancing analytical methods for gut microbes, many studies have been conducted, revealing that gut microbes cause various diseases, including gastrointestinal and non-gastrointestinal diseases. Accordingly, studies have been actively conducted to analyze the effects on the prevention and treatment of these diseases through changes in intestinal microbes and control of dysbiosis. Fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) is an effort and is currently being applied to Clostridioides difficile treatment in Korea. Many studies have demonstrated the application of FMT in inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, metabolic syndrome, obesity, and diabetes. With further studies and accumulation of evidence, FMT could help treat presently untreatable diseases in clinical practice.

12.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 719-726, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-897702

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Capsule endoscopy (CE) is recommended as the primary method for the evaluation of unexplained anemia. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic yield of CE in patients with unexplained iron deficiency anemia (IDA) without overt bleeding, and to evaluate their long-term outcomes and related clinical factors. @*Methods@#Data of patients who underwent CE for the evaluation of IDA were reviewed from a CE registry in Korea. Additional clinical data were collected by the involved investigators of each hospital through a review of medical records. @*Results@#Among a total of 144 patients, the diagnostic yield of CE was 34%. Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding was found in 6.3% (n=9) of the patients (occult bleeding in four patients and overt bleeding in five patients) during a mean follow-up of 17.8 months. Patients with a positive fecal occult blood test (FOBT) result at the initial diagnosis had a higher rate of GI bleeding after CE (p=0.004). In addition, a positive FOBT result was the only independent predictive factor for GI bleeding (hazard ratio, 5.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.41–19.85; p=0.013). @*Conclusions@#Positive FOBT is a predictive factor for GI bleeding during follow-up after CE in patients with unexplained IDA without overt bleeding. Thus, patients with positive FOBT need to be more closely followed up.

13.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 719-726, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-889998

ABSTRACT

Background/Aims@#Capsule endoscopy (CE) is recommended as the primary method for the evaluation of unexplained anemia. This study aimed to assess the diagnostic yield of CE in patients with unexplained iron deficiency anemia (IDA) without overt bleeding, and to evaluate their long-term outcomes and related clinical factors. @*Methods@#Data of patients who underwent CE for the evaluation of IDA were reviewed from a CE registry in Korea. Additional clinical data were collected by the involved investigators of each hospital through a review of medical records. @*Results@#Among a total of 144 patients, the diagnostic yield of CE was 34%. Gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding was found in 6.3% (n=9) of the patients (occult bleeding in four patients and overt bleeding in five patients) during a mean follow-up of 17.8 months. Patients with a positive fecal occult blood test (FOBT) result at the initial diagnosis had a higher rate of GI bleeding after CE (p=0.004). In addition, a positive FOBT result was the only independent predictive factor for GI bleeding (hazard ratio, 5.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.41–19.85; p=0.013). @*Conclusions@#Positive FOBT is a predictive factor for GI bleeding during follow-up after CE in patients with unexplained IDA without overt bleeding. Thus, patients with positive FOBT need to be more closely followed up.

14.
Yonsei Medical Journal ; : 506-514, 2020.
Article | WPRIM | ID: wpr-833359

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Although both chronic kidney disease (CKD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) are considered factors increasing the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), their impact on CRC is not fully understood. This study was aimed to investigate the impact of CKD, DM, or both diseases on the risk of CRC and to evaluate sex differences therein. @*Materials and Methods@#Using data from the National Health Insurance Service–Health Examination Cohort in Korea, we conducted a 1:2 matched case-control study. The disease groups consisted of CKD-/DM+ (n=17700), CKD+/DM- (n=22643), and CKD+/DM+ groups (n=8506). After 1:2 matching by age, sex, and health examination year and month, the healthy control group consisted of 97698 individuals. @*Results@#Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that the CKD-/DM+, CKD+/DM-, and CKD+/DM+ groups were independently associated with an increased incidence of CRC, compared with controls [hazard ratio (HR), 1.34, 1.31, and 1.63, respectively; all p<0.001]. Compared to the controls, adjusted HRs for the cumulative incidence of CRC in the CKD-/DM+, CKD+/DM-, and CKD+/DM+ groups were, respectively, 1.32, 1.26, and 1.43 in male and 1.38, 1.39, and 2.00 in female. The HR for CRC incidence was significantly higher for the CKD+/DM+ group than for the CKD-/DM+ or CKD+/DM- group in female; however, this significant difference was not observed in male. @*Conclusion@#In female, having both CKD and DM significantly increases the risk of CRC, compared with having CKD or DM alone. This study suggests a significant difference in the effect of CKD or DM on the risk of CRC according to sex.

15.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764990

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Gender-related factors might play an important role in the development of reflux esophagitis (RE) and symptomatic gastro-esophageal reflux disease (GERD). We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and risk factors for RE and symptomatic GERD and determine whether gender specific differences exist. METHODS: This study was conducted on a health cohort consisting of 10,158 participants who underwent comprehensive health screening. Lifestyles and gastrointestinal symptoms were investigated using a self-reported structured questionnaire. Questionnaires about menstrual status were added for the women. RESULTS: The prevalence of RE in men was significantly higher than that in women (10.6% vs. 2.0%, P < 0.001); however, symptomatic GERD showed predominance in women (6.2% vs. 2.5%, P < 0.001). Although the prevalence of RE gradually increased with the duration of menopause stratified by decade (P = 0.007), that of symptomatic GERD rapidly increased across the menopausal transit in women. Apart from common risk factors of obesity and current smoking for RE, over 70 years of age in women and hiatal hernia and hypertriglyceridemia in men were significant risk factors. In symptomatic GERD, high somatization was a common risk factor. Excessive alcohol drinking was a significant risk factor in men, but not in women. CONCLUSION: This study showed a predominance of RE in men, but a predominance of symptomatic GERD in women. In women, dynamic increase in the prevalence of GERD is closely related to the menopause conditions and its duration. There are specific risk factors for RE and symptomatic GERD according to gender differences.


Subject(s)
Alcohol Drinking , Cohort Studies , Esophagitis, Peptic , Female , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Hernia, Hiatal , Humans , Hypertriglyceridemia , Life Style , Male , Mass Screening , Menopause , Obesity , Prevalence , Risk Factors , Smoke , Smoking
16.
Intestinal Research ; : 237-243, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-764135

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The onset of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) usually occurs at young age, and therefore, women IBD patients experience pregnancy during their disease progression. Recently, the use of anti-tumor necrosis factor-α (anti-TNF-α) has been rapidly increasing. The aim of this study was to evaluate pregnancy related outcomes in women with IBD who were treated with anti-TNF-α during pregnancy and immunity of their children. METHODS: Korean women with IBD who had been treated with anti-TNF-α during pregnancy had been enrolled. Medical records were reviewed and a survey was performed for each patient. For the patients who agreed on additional examination for their children, children's growth, medical history and antibody to hepatitis B surface antigen (anti-HBs) titer were checked. RESULTS: All 18 patients had been diagnosed with Crohn's disease. There was not any case of preterm delivery, low birth-weight infant, congenital anomaly, nor stillbirth. All 12 children had followed the regular vaccination schedule for hepatitis B and 4 of them showed negative results for anti-HBs. After the 1 booster vaccination, all children demonstrated seroconversion. Regarding live vaccines, 4 children had bacillus Calmette-Guerin and 4 had rotavirus vaccine before 6 months, without any specific side effects. CONCLUSIONS: This was the first study of immunity of the children born from IBD women who had been treated with anti-TNF-α medication during their pregnancy. IBD women had comparable pregnancy outcomes with the general women population, suggesting that the disease activity rather than the administered medication would be more important in healthy pregnancy. Considering the history of vaccination and anti-HBs titers, immunity seems to be intact in the children.


Subject(s)
Appointments and Schedules , Bacillus , Child , Crohn Disease , Disease Progression , Female , Hepatitis B , Hepatitis B Surface Antigens , Humans , Infant , Inflammatory Bowel Diseases , Medical Records , Necrosis , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Rotavirus , Seroconversion , Stillbirth , Vaccination , Vaccines
17.
Clinical Endoscopy ; : 565-573, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785668

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS) is the most efficient imaging modality for gastric subepithelial tumors (SETs). However, abdominopelvic computed tomography (APCT) has other advantages in evaluating the characteristics, local extension, or invasion of SETs to adjacent organs. This study aimed to compare the diagnostic ability of EUS and APCT based on surgical histopathology results.METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 53 patients who underwent both EUS and APCT before laparoscopic wedge resection for gastric SETs from January 2010 to December 2017 at a single institution. On the basis of histopathology results, we assessed the diagnostic ability of the 2 tests.RESULTS: The overall accuracy of EUS and APCT was 64.2% and 50.9%, respectively. In particular, the accuracy of EUS vs. APCT for the diagnosis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), leiomyomas, and ectopic pancreas was 83.9% vs. 74.2%, 37.5% vs. 0.0%, and 57.1% vs. 14.3%, respectively. Most of the incorrect diagnoses with EUS involved hypoechoic lesions originating in the fourth echolayer, with the most common misdiagnosed lesions being GISTs mistaken for leiomyomas and vice versa.CONCLUSIONS: APCT showed a lower overall accuracy than EUS; however, APCT remains a useful modality for malignant/potentially malignant gastric SETs.


Subject(s)
Diagnosis , Endosonography , Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors , Humans , Leiomyoma , Pancreas , Retrospective Studies
18.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-761589

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Although endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an accepted treatment method for gastric neoplasm worldwide, metachronous recurrence often occurs. Here, we evaluated the risk factors for metachronous recurrence after ESD of gastric dysplasia or adenocarcinoma and also examined the effects of Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) eradication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Among 400 patients who underwent endoscopic resection from February 2005 to December 2014 at Ewha Womans University Hospital, the medical records of 180 patients were retrospectively reviewed. RESULTS: The enrolled patients included 118 men and 62 women, and their median age was 61.7±10.3 years. During a median follow-up period of 34.5 months, metachronous recurrence occurred in 21 (11.7%) patients. Multivariate analyses revealed that H. pylori eradication did not have any preventive effects on metachronous recurrence. A family history of gastric cancer was the only risk factor for metachronous recurrence after ESD of the gastric neoplasm. CONCLUSIONS: Metachronous recurrence was found to be related to family history of gastric cancer. However, H. pylori eradication had no preventive effects on metachronous recurrence after ESD of a gastric neoplasm. Therefore, intensive surveillance is required for patients who undergo ESD of a gastric neoplasm and have a family history of gastric cancer.


Subject(s)
Adenocarcinoma , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Helicobacter pylori , Humans , Male , Medical Records , Methods , Multivariate Analysis , Recurrence , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Stomach Neoplasms
19.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-786619

ABSTRACT

Cases of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection are rare, and this infection is commonly asymptomatic in immunocompetent patients. Here, we report a pathologically proven case of CMV infection in gastric ulcers in an immunocompetent patient. A 35-year-old man visited our hospital for a surveillance esophagogastroduodenoscopy. Except fatigue, he had no other symptoms. Laboratory data showed that his white cell count was 9.28×10³/µL with 60.1% lymphocytes. However, aspartate transaminase and alanine aminotransferase levels were elevated. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy revealed multiple gastric ulcers that were healing. Two endoscopic biopsies were performed to obtain specimens at the ulcer base. Histological examination and immunohistochemistry confirmed CMV infection; subsequently, we decided that the best option was observation without medication. He revisited a month later, and the ulcers had disappeared.


Subject(s)
Adult , Alanine Transaminase , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Biopsy , Cell Count , Cytomegalovirus Infections , Cytomegalovirus , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Fatigue , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Lymphocytes , Stomach Ulcer , Ulcer
20.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-738948

ABSTRACT

Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy has become a standard procedure in bariatric surgery owing to its efficacy and simplicity. However, this procedure can cause life-threatening complications such as a gastric staple-line leak. A 24-year-old woman was transferred to the emergency department for evaluation of epigastric pain. Nine days prior to transfer, she underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy at another institution. Abdominal computed tomography (CT) revealed fluid collection with air density along the left subphrenic space and gastrosplenic ligament area. Intravenous antibiotics and total parenteral nutrition were initiated. She underwent percutaneous catheter drainage. On postoperative day 18, an esophagogastroduodenoscopy was performed to assess the site and size of the leak, and revealed a leak at the proximal staple line just below the gastroesophageal junction. A newly designed, fully covered antimigratory esophageal stent was placed to cover the leak from the distal esophagus to gastric midbody. Follow-up abdominal CT demonstrated improvement of the fluid collection at the location of the previous gastric leak. The stent was removed 3 weeks after insertion, and a barium study confirmed no more leakage. In this case, we experienced that the newly designed esophageal stent was safe and effective for preventing migration in the management of leak after laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy.


Subject(s)
Anastomotic Leak , Anti-Bacterial Agents , Bariatric Surgery , Barium , Catheters , Drainage , Emergency Service, Hospital , Endoscopy, Digestive System , Esophagogastric Junction , Esophagus , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Gastrectomy , Humans , Ligaments , Obesity , Parenteral Nutrition, Total , Stents , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL