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1.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 434-444, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-913399

ABSTRACT

Colon cancer treatment is on the way to evolution over several decades. The minimally invasive surgery has improved postoperative short-term outcomes. Adjuvant chemotherapy has prolonged the survival of advanced colon cancer patients. Hohenberger proposed the noble concept of complete mesocolic excision (CME) which consists of 3 components: plane surgery, sufficient longitudinal bowel resection, and central vascular ligation (CVL). Mesocolic plane surgery shares the same surgical principle of total mesorectal excision, which is maintaining the intact mesothelial envelope. However, there remain debates about the extent of bowel resection and the level of CVL for maximizing lymph node dissection. There is no solid clinical evidence for the oncological necessity and benefit of extended radical dissection in right hemicolectomy. CME with CVL based on open surgery has been adopted in laparoscopic surgery. So, it is also necessary to look at how the CME could be transformed and successfully implanted in the laparoscopic era. Recent rapid advances in surgical technology and cancer biology are preparing for fundamental changes in cancer surgery. In this study, we reviewed the history, oncological necessity, and compatibility of CME for the right hemicolectomy in the laparoscopic era and outline the new perspectives on the evolution of cancer surgery.

2.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 293-303, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-830404

ABSTRACT

Despite the technical limitations of minimally invasive surgery, laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME) for rectal cancer has short-term advantages over open surgery, but the pathological outcomes reported in randomized clinical trials are still in controversy. Minimally invasive robotic total mesorectal excision (RTME) has recently been gaining popularity as robotic surgical systems potentially provide greater benefits than LTME. Compared to LTME, RTME is associated with lower conversion rates and similar or better genitourinary functions, but its long-term oncological outcomes have not been established. Although the operating time of RTME is longer than that of LTME, RTME has a shorter learning curve, is more convenient for surgeons, and is better for sphincter-preserving operations than LTME. The robotic surgical system is a good technical tool for minimally invasive surgery for rectal cancer, especially in male patients with narrow deep pelvises. Robotic systems and robotic surgical techniques are still improving, and the contribution of RTME to the treatment of rectal cancer will continue to increase in the future.

3.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 289-290, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-785385

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Fecal Incontinence , Outcome Assessment, Health Care
4.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 57-58, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713999

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colitis, Ulcerative , Ileostomy , Ulcer
5.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 277-279, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-718755

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
6.
Journal of Pathology and Translational Medicine ; : 9-16, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-13609

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Thymosin β₄ is a multi-functional hormone-like polypeptide, being involved in cell migration, angiogenesis, and tumor metastasis. This study was undertaken to clarify the clinicopathologic implications of thymosin β₄ expression in human colorectal cancers (CRCs). METHODS: We investigated tissue sections from 143 patients with CRC by immunohistochemistry. In addition, we evaluated the expression patterns and the clinico-pathological significance of thymosin β₄ expression in association with hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) expression in the CRC series. RESULTS: High expression of thymosin β₄ was significantly correlated with lymphovascular invasion, invasion depth, regional lymph node metastasis, distant metastasis, and TNM stage. Patients with high expression of thymosin β₄ showed poor recurrence-free survival (p = .001) and poor overall survival (p = .005) on multivariate analysis. We also found that thymosin β4 and HIF-1α were overexpressed and that thymosin β₄ expression increased in parallel with HIF-1α expression in CRC. CONCLUSIONS: A high expression level of thymosin β₄ indicates poor clinical outcomes and may be a useful prognostic factor in CRC. Thymosin β₄ is functionally related with HIF-1α and may be a potentially valuable biomarker and possible therapeutic target for CRC.


Subject(s)
Humans , Hypoxia , Cell Movement , Colorectal Neoplasms , Immunohistochemistry , Lymph Nodes , Multivariate Analysis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Thymosin
7.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 119-120, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49458

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy
8.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 206-207, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-225109

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Colon , Diverticulitis, Colonic
9.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 124-125, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-221585

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Colorectal Surgery
10.
Korean Journal of Clinical Oncology ; (2): 25-31, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-787978

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery for left-sided colon cancer is one of the most frequent procedures performed in laparoscopic colorectal surgery. In this study, we analyzed clinical and long-term oncological outcomes of left-sided colon cancer patients who underwent conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS) and hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS).METHODS: A total of 172 CLS patients and 72 HALS patients for left-sided colon cancer from July 2001 to December 2011 were included in this study. The collected data included the clinical and oncological outcomes. We analyzed overall survival and disease-free survival by tumor, node, metastasis (TNM) stage.RESULTS: The mean age of the patients was 64 years, and male patients were predominant. The mean follow-up period was 58.1 months. The number of patients that belong in each TNM stage 0, I, II, III, and IV was as follows: 17 (7%), 47 (19.2%), 70 (28.7%), 80 (32.8%), and 30 (12.3%), respectively. Overall 5-year survival rate for TNM stage I, II, III, and IV was 87.1%, 82.8%, 82%, and 12%, respectively. Overall 5-year survival rate for CLS group and HALS group was 90.2% and 66.7%, 86.5% and 77%, 88.7% and 67.4%, and 18.9% and 0%, respectively. Disease-free 5-year survival rate for TNM stage I, II, and III was 97.7%, 90.7%, and 72.8%, respectively. Disease-free 5-year survival rate for CLS group and HALS group was 97.3% and 100%, 100% and 78.8%, and 81% and 55.1%, respectively.CONCLUSION: These data show the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic surgery for left-sided colon cancer in terms of long-term oncological outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colorectal Surgery , Disease-Free Survival , Follow-Up Studies , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy , Laparoscopy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Survival Rate
11.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 192-197, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-226779

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Recently, randomized controlled trials have reported that conservative therapy can be a treatment option in patients with noncomplicated appendicitis. However, preoperative diagnosis of noncomplicated appendicitis is difficult. In this study, we determined predictive factors to distinguish patients with noncomplicated appendicitis from those with complicated appendicitis. METHODS: A total of 351 patients who underwent surgical treatment for acute appendicitis from January 2011 to December 2012 were included in this study. We classified patients into noncomplicated or complicated appendicitis groups based on the findings of abdominal computed tomography and pathology. We performed a retrospective analysis to find factors that could be used to discriminate between noncomplicated and complicated appendicitis. RESULTS: The mean age of the patients in the complicated appendicitis group (54.5 years) was higher than that of the patients in the noncomplicated appendicitis group (40.2 years) (P < 0.001), but the male-to-female ratios were similar. In the univariate analysis, the appendicocecal junction's diameter, appendiceal maximal diameter, appendiceal wall enhancement, periappendiceal fat infiltration, ascites, abscesses, neutrophil proportion, C-reactive protein (CRP), aspartate aminotransferase, and total bilirubin were statistically significant factors. However, in the multivariate analysis, the appendiceal maximal diameter (P = 0.018; odds ratio [OR], 1.129), periappendiceal fat infiltration (P = 0.025; OR, 5.778), ascites (P = 0.038; OR, 2.902), and CRP (P < 0.001; OR, 1.368) were statistically significant. CONCLUSION: Several factors can be used to distinguish between noncomplicated and complicated appendicitis. Using these factors, we could more accurately distinguish patients with noncomplicated appendicitis from those with complicated appendicitis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Abscess , Appendectomy , Appendicitis , Ascites , Aspartate Aminotransferases , Bilirubin , C-Reactive Protein , Diagnosis , Multivariate Analysis , Neutrophils , Odds Ratio , Pathology , Retrospective Studies
12.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 5-6, 2015.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210044

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Ileostomy
14.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 9-10, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174242

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Laparoscopy
15.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 11-17, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-174241

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the perioperative and long-term oncologic outcomes of hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery (HALS) and standard laparoscopic surgery (SLS) and assess the role of HALS in the management of right-sided colon cancer. METHODS: The study group included 53 patients who underwent HALS and 45 patients who underwent SLS for right-sided colon cancer between April 2002 and December 2008. RESULTS: The patients in each group were similar in age, American Society of Anesthesiologist (ASA) score, body mass index, and history of previous abdominal surgeries. Eight patients in the HALS group and no patient in the SLS group exhibited signs of tumor invasion into adjacent structures. No differences were noted in the time to return of normal bowel function, time to toleration of diet, lengths of hospital stay and narcotic usage, and rate of postoperative complications. The median incision length was longer in the HALS group (HALS: 7.0 cm vs. SLS: 4.8 cm, P < 0.001). The HALS group had a significantly higher pathologic TNM stage and significantly larger tumor size (HALS: 6.0 cm vs. SLS: 3.3 cm, P < 0.001). The 5-year overall, disease-free, and cancer-specific survival rates of the HALS and the SLS groups were 87.3%, 75.2%, and 93.9% and 86.4%, 78.0%, and 90.7%, respectively (P = 0.826, P = 0.574, and P = 0.826). CONCLUSION: Although patients in the HALS group had more advanced disease and underwent more complex procedures than those in the SLS group, the short-term benefits and the oncologic outcomes between the two groups were comparable. HALS can, therefore, be considered an alternative to SLS for bulky and fixed right-sided colon cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Body Mass Index , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Diet , Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy , Laparoscopy , Length of Stay , Postoperative Complications , Survival Rate
16.
Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research ; : 9-13, 2014.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-112289

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) have a negative impact on patients' quality of life and frequently pointed to as a major factor for treatment abandonment. Serotonin (5-HT3) receptor antagonist is considered as key treatment for CINV. Ramosetron and palonosetron are recently developed 5-HT3 receptor antagonists and known as more superior than other first-generation 5-HT3 receptor antagonists. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of ramosetron and palonosetron and determine which drug is more effective for prevention of CINV. METHODS: Colorectal cancer patients treated with chemotherapy were enrolled consecutively. Patients were assigned to receive intravenous injection of ramosetron 0.3 mg or palonosetron 0.25 mg at 30 minutes before initiation of moderately emetogenic chemotherapy. Ramosetron group added oral administration of 0.1 mg ramosetron on the second and third days of chemotherapy. Efficacy parameter consisted of nausea and vomiting. RESULTS: Ninety-one patients received ramosetron and 89 patients received palonosetron. Presentation of vomiting and nausea symptoms was not significantly different between the two groups during acute (0-24 hours) and delayed period (after 24 hours). CONCLUSION: The incidence of CINV between the ramosetron and the palonosetron group has not shown any difference during acute, delayed, and overall period.


Subject(s)
Humans , Administration, Oral , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Colorectal Neoplasms , Drug Therapy , Incidence , Injections, Intravenous , Nausea , Quality of Life , Receptors, Serotonin, 5-HT3 , Serotonin , Vomiting
17.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 213-221, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-169066

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Extrathyroidal extension (ETE) is one of the risk factors to be considered when deciding on operation extent and radioiodine ablation in differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Ultrasonography (USG) is the most widely used imaging modality in preoperative evaluation of thyroid carcinoma; however, few studies regarding accuracy of USG in preoperative evaluation of ETE have been reported. In this study, we investigated the accuracy of preoperative USG in detection of ETE and evaluated other risk factors associated with permanent ETE. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 349 consecutive patients who underwent curative thyroidectomy for differentiated thyroid carcinoma. Preoperative USG findings according to percent of contact and disruption of thyroid capsule were evaluated and compared with the permanent pathology. Clinicopathologic characteristics were investigated for assessment of the risk factors associated with ETE. RESULTS: ETE was identified in permanent pathology of 68 (19.5%) patients. When we defined the ETE on preoperative USG as more than 25% contact with the adjacent capsule, the positive predictive value (PPV) and negative predictive value (NPV) were 43.03% and 90.73%, respectively. Size of the nodule and preoperative USG findings with the percent of contact with adjacent capsule and capsule disruption showed an association with ETE on permanent pathology. However, in multivariate analysis, only size of the nodule and capsule disruption on USG were identified as risk factors for prediction of ETE on permanent pathology. CONCLUSION: Capsule disruption on preoperative USG can provide useful predictive information about permanent ETE. Another risk factor associated with ETE was size of nodule in differentiated thyroid carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Medical Records , Multivariate Analysis , Pathology , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Ultrasonography
18.
Journal of the Korean Surgical Society ; : 154-160, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-56690

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: This study evaluated the efficacy of neoadjuvant chemotherapy combining 5-flurouracil/folinic acid with irinotecan (FOLFIRI) in colorectal multiple liver metastases regardless of resectability. METHODS: Forty-four patients with multiple (at least two) colorectal liver metastases were enrolled at seven tertiary referral hospitals between May 2007 and September 2010. All patients received the FOLFIRI chemotherapeutic regimen. Response to chemotherapy was assessed after three cycles (6 weeks) and once more after six cycles (12 weeks) of treatment. RESULTS: Objective response was noted in 27 patients (61.4%) and 4 patients (9.1%) had progressive disease. Of 44 patients, 10 patients (22.7%) underwent curative surgery (R0 resection) and 34 patients did not receive R0 resection. Grades 3 to 4 hematological toxicity was noted in 12 patients (27.3%) and grades 3 to 4 nonhematologic toxicity was identified in 5 patients (11.4%). CONCLUSION: FOLFIRI chemotherapy as a neoadjuvant chemotherapy for multiple colorectal liver metastases regardless of resectability demonstrated the possibility of R0 resection, high rate of objective response, and tolerable toxicities in this study.


Subject(s)
Humans , Camptothecin , Colorectal Neoplasms , Liver , Neoadjuvant Therapy , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prospective Studies , Tertiary Care Centers
19.
Annals of Coloproctology ; : 217-218, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-10167

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Hand-Assisted Laparoscopy
20.
Korean Journal of Endocrine Surgery ; : 21-27, 2012.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162459

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Periods of L-T4 withdrawal and low iodine diet, which are required prior to the treatment and tracking tests that take place after a thyroidectomy, can be of a long duration and cause suffering for patients. The purpose of this study, conducted in South Korea, was to confirm if periods of L-T4 withdrawal and low iodine diet can be shortened by using TSH level prediction. By inquiring into the correlation between TSH level and serum Tg level, and measurement of the amount of iodine present in urine during the low iodine diet period, a thyroglobulin (Tg) cutoff level can be predicted. METHODS: total of 168 patients were included as research subjects. In each case, L-T4 was suspended 3-4 weeks prior to conducting radioactive iodine ablation and 131I scan, and then a low iodine diet was carried out for 2-4 weeks. Serum TSH, Tg and anti-Tg antibodies were measured on the second week of L-T4 withdrawal, and the spot urine Iodine/Creatinine ratio was measured on the second and fourth week after treatment. RESULTS: Three weeks after L-T4 withdrawal, TSH levels increased to over 30μIU/ml in 97.2% of the patients, and serum thyroglobulin levels also increased with TSH level to over 30μIU/ml. There was no measured difference in the amount of iodine in the subject's urine during the low iodine diet period. CONCLUSION: It was found that L-T4 withdrawal can be reduced to 3 weeks or less, and that the Tg cutoff level differs according to TSH level. Based on these results, we suggested that the low iodine diet period can be reduced to 1-2 weeks.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antibodies , Diet , Iodine , Korea , Research Subjects , Thyroglobulin , Thyroidectomy , Thyrotropin
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