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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878728

ABSTRACT

Gestational diabetes mellitus(GDM)can cause blood glucose disorders in pregnant women and result in adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes.Vitamin D(VD)can improve glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity,and thus theoretically,VD supplementation during pregnancy could improve glycemic control as well as maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients.Although studies have shown that VD deficiency is associated with poor maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients,no solid conclusion has been drawn with regard to the effects of VD supplementation on these patients.Therefore,here we summarized the research progress of the effects of VD supplementation on glycemic control and adverse maternal-neonatal outcomes in GDM patients,in an effort to guide the clinical VD supplementation during pregnancy.


Subject(s)
Blood Glucose , Diabetes, Gestational/drug therapy , Dietary Supplements , Female , Glycemic Control , Humans , Infant, Newborn , Pregnancy , Pregnancy Outcome , Vitamin D
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828076

ABSTRACT

Aceria pallida is one of the most common pests in the main production areas of Lycium barbarum in China. The mite mainly feeds on foliage, leading to local tissue deformation and formation of massive galls, which seriously affects the growth and yield of L. barbarum. However, little is known about the influence of galling organisms on plant primary and secondary metabolism. In order to compare the metabolites differences between healthy and the mite infested leaves of wolfberry, and provide a scientific basis for the development and utilization of the galled leaves, L. barbarum seedlings were infested with A. pallida artificially in the laboratory, the metabolites of L. barbarum leaves were determined by LC-MS/MS. Our results showed that the leaves were rich in amino acids and flavonoid compounds. A total of 204 compounds from 16 classes were detected in L. barbarum leaves based on LC-MS/MS. The primary metabolites are mainly amino acids, and the secondary metabolites are mainly organic acids and flavonoids. The content of the metabolite in the leaves of L. barbarum was significantly affected by the mite, 30 metabolites such as flavonoids and phenylpropanoids were significantly changed, 21 metabolites were up-regulated and 9 metabolites were down-regulated significantly. There were 8 compounds which has pharmacological and biological activity, such as eriodictyol, isorhamnetin-3-O-neohesperidoside and scopoletin up-regulated significantly. Based on the above findings, we suggest that the galled leaves of L.barbarum have a potential to be developed in the future.


Subject(s)
China , Chromatography, Liquid , Lycium , Metabolomics , Plant Leaves , Tandem Mass Spectrometry
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827819

ABSTRACT

To investigate the protective effect of spermine (Sp) on diabetic cardiomyopathy (DCM) and high glucose-induced cardiac fibroblasts (CFs), and to explore its mechanism. ①Animal experiments: 24 male Wistar rats were randomly divided into control group, type 1 diabetes group (TID) and spermine group (TID+Sp, each group n=8). TID rats were induced by streptozocin (STZ, 60 mg/kg), and TID+Sp rat were pretreated with spermine (Sp, 5 mg/(kg·d)) for 2 weeks before STZ injection. After 12 weeks of modeling, blood glucose, insulin levels, ejection fraction (EF) and shortening fraction (FS) were measured, and Masson staining and Sirius red staining were performed in the rat cardiac tissues. ②Cell experiments: primary CFs were extracted from newborn (1-3 d) Wistar rat hearts, and were randomly divided into control group, high-glucose group (HG) and HG+Sp group (n=6 per group). HG group was treated with 40 mmol/L glucose, and the HG+Sp group was pretreated with 5 μmol/L Sp for 30 min before HG treatment. The cell viability of CFs was detected by CCK8, the content of collagen in culture medium was analyzed by ELISA, and protein expressions of cell cycle related proteins (PCNA, CyclinD1 and P27) were detected by Western blot. Compared with control group, the blood glucose and collagen content were increased, and the insulin level and heart function were decreased in the T1D group. Meanwhile, HG induced an increasing of the cell viability, the collagen content in the medium and the expressions of PCNA and CyclinD1, while the expression of P27 was down-regulated. Spermine could reduce the above changes, manifested as improving the cardiac function, regulating the expression of cyclin and reducing the level of myocardial fibrosis. Spermine can alleviate myocardial fibrosis in diabetic cardiomyopathy, which mechanism is related to the regulation of cell cycle.

4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-827816

ABSTRACT

To observe the protective effects of exogenous spermine on renal fibrosis induced by diabetic nephropathy (DN) and to explore its mechanism. Twenty-four male C57 mice were randomly divided into control group, type 1 diabetes group (TID) and spermine pretreatment group (TID+Sp, n=8 in each group). TID mice were induced by STZ (60 mg/kg), and TID+Sp mice were pretreated with spermine (5 mg/(kg·d)) for 2 weeks before STZ injection. The mice were killed at the 12th week. The renal function was determined by serum creatinine and urea nitrogen. HE, PAS and Masson staining were used to evaluate renal tissue injury and fibrosis. The expressions of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP-2, MMP-9) and collagen IV (Coll-IV) in the kidney of mice were detected by Western blot. Compared with the control group, the blood glucose (5.67±0.22 vs 28.40±0.57 mmol/L), creatinine (14.33±1.22 vs 30.67±4.73 μmol/L) and urea nitrogen (6.93±4.94 vs 22.00±1.04 mmol/L) in the T1D group were increased significantly (P<0.05), the glomerular basement membrane was thickened, the collagen was significantly increased, the expressions of MMP-2, MMP-9 and Coll-IV protein were increased (0.57±0.07 vs 1.06±0.20, 47.00±0.04 vs 1.29±0.09 and 0.42±0.16 vs 0.95±0.18,P<0.05). Exogenous spermine significantly alleviates the above-mentioned changes. Exogenous spermine pretreatment could significantly alleviate renal fibrosis in diabetic mice by regulating the balance between MMPs and collagen.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773168

ABSTRACT

To compare the polysaccharides( LBLP),total flavonoids( LBLTF) and total phenols( LBLTP) of Lycium barbarum leaves from 14 production areas from Ningxia,Qinghai and Gansu at different harvesting time. Our results showed that there were significant difference of LBLP,LBLTF and LBLTP among different production areas. The LBLP collected from Xiangride township production area,Dulan,Qinghai was as high as 15. 02%. The LBLTF collected from Dagele township production area,Geermu,Qinghai was as high as28. 63%. The LBLTP collected from Keluke township production area,Delingha,Qinghai was as high as 16. 7%. There were also significant difference of these 3 components between different harvest periods. The average LBLP in May( 10. 20%) was significantly higher than that in June( 8. 49%). However,the average LBLTF( 17. 71%) and LBLTP( 12. 77%) in June was significantly higher than that in May( 14. 15%,11. 19%). The LBLTF and LBLTP have a positive correlation with the altitude of production areas,but there was no significant association between LBLP and altitude. The LBLP,LBLTF and LBLTP in different production areas and harvesting time was significant difference,the results provide some references for furthermore development and utilization of L. barbarum leaves.


Subject(s)
Analysis of Variance , China , Flavonoids , Geography , Lycium , Chemistry , Phenols , Plant Leaves , Chemistry , Polysaccharides , Seasons
6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773133

ABSTRACT

Heortia vitessoides is the most serious pest of Aquilaria sinensis,which is an economically important evergreen tree native to China and is the principal source of Chinese agarwood. In severe infestations,the insects completely eat up the leaves of A. sinensis,causing severe economic losses. In a more recent study,we found that the antennal sensilla of adult play important roles in the host location,mating and oviposition of H. vitessoides. Here,the external morphology of the antennal sensilla of H. vitessoides were examined using scanning electron microscopy. The result showed that the antennae of both sexes of H. vitessoides were filiform in shape,which consist of the scape,pedicel and about 64 segments of flagellomeres. Eight morphological sensilla types were recorded in both sexes,including sensilla trichodea,sensilla chaetica,sensilla basiconica,sensilla coeloconica,sensilla styloconica,sensilla auricillica,sensilla squamiformia and böhm bristle. Major differences were recorded in the distribution and quantity of different sensilla types in each segment of antenna. The sensillas are almost confined to the ventral and lateral surfaces rather than the back side of antennae. Antennal flagella contained the most sensilla while the scape and pedicel segments only contained böhm bristles and sensilla squamiformias. Sensilla trichodea Ⅲ were only found on male antennae. These results are discussed in relation to the possible roles of the sensilla types in the host location,mating and oviposition selection behavior of H. vitessoides.


Subject(s)
Animals , China , Female , Lepidoptera , Male , Microscopy, Electron, Scanning , Sensilla , Thymelaeaceae
7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773107

ABSTRACT

To identify the wolfberry gall mite species and their overwintering situation in different wolfberry production areas and to provide a scientific basis for their prevention and control. We investigate the phoresy overwintering situation of gall mite, and identify the species of gall mite. Our results showed that the phoretic gall mite was Aceria pallida in all the production areas. The phoresy of gall mite was a common occurrence in different production areas, and the phoresy probability was above 75%. The phoretic behavior of wolfberry gall mite occurred commonly in the other production areas. The control of this mite in different production areas should pay attention to their phoretic behavior.


Subject(s)
Animals , Lycium , Parasitology , Mites , Classification , Seasons
8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776517

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the change of calcium sensing receptor (CaSR) expression at different time in rat tissue with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and its effect on cardiomyocyte apoptosis.@*METHODS@#The healthy Wistar rats were randomly divided into Sham and AMI groups, the rat myocardial infarction model was established by ligating left anterior descending coronary artery. The changes of cardiac morphology and hemodynamics were detected at 1, 2 and 4 weeks,respectively. The expressions of CaSR mRNA and protein in myocardial tissue were detected by RT-PCR and Western blot, respectively. The expressions of Bax, Bcl-2, caspase-3 and caspase-9 proteins were detected by Western blot. The serum levels of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), creatine kinase (CK) activity and cardiac troponin (cTnT) were determined. The apoptosis of cardiomyocytes were tested by TUNEL staining.@*RESULTS@#Compared with the sham group, the expressions of CaSR mRNA and protein, the apoptosis index were increased significantly with the development of AMI (P<0.05). The ultrastructural damage of cardiomyocytes was serious; the levels of LVSP, +dp/dt and -dp/dt were decreased,while the levels of LVEDP was increased (P<0.05); In AMI group, the cTnT level, CK and LDH activities were all increased (P<0.05). With the development of myocardial infarction, the cTnT level and CK activity were gradually decreased, while the activity of LDH was not significantly changed. The expressions of promote apoptosis-related Bax, caspase-3 and caspase-9 were significantly increased, and the expression of inhibited apoptosis-related protein(factor)Bcl-2 was significantly decreased (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#With the development of myocardial infarction,the expressions of CaSR mRNA and protein,the apoptosis index in rat myocardial tissue were increased with time prolongation after AMI. The increased expression of CaSR is involved in rat myocardial infarction, which is related with apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Animals , Apoptosis , Myocardial Infarction , Metabolism , Myocardium , Metabolism , Random Allocation , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Calcium-Sensing , Metabolism
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-775356

ABSTRACT

Periplaneta americana is an important medicinal insect. A series of new drugs developed from it have remarkable clinical effects and are in great demand in the market. Because of unclear biology, the quality and yield of P. americana are affected. Understanding the developmental threshold temperature and effective accumulated temperature of P. americana can provide theoretical basis for standardized culture of P.americana. Under climate chamber, the threshold temperature and effective accumulated temperature for egg development of P. americana to were determined through effective accumulated temperature law. The threshold temperature was (15.8±0.71)°C, the effective accumulated temperature was 415.8±38.05 degree days. A model of the relationship between temperature and developmental rates was established.


Subject(s)
Animals , Ovum , Physiology , Periplaneta , Physiology , Temperature
10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-773757

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the recovery of protective effects of exogenous hydrogen sulfide (HS) on hypoxia post-conditioning in aged H9C2 cells and its mechanism.@*METHODS@#H9C2 cells (cardiomyocytes line) were treated with 30 μmol/L hydrogen peroxide (HO) for 2 hours, then cultured for 3 days in order to induce cellular aging. Aged H9C2 cells were randomly divided into 5 groups (=8):Control group (Control), hypoxia/reoxygenation group (H/R), H/R + NaHS group, hypoxia post-conditioning (PC) group, PC+NaHS group. H/R model:the cells were exposed to hypoxic culture medium (serum and sugar free medium, pH=6.8) for 3 hours and then cultured at normal condition for 6 hours. PC model:at the end of hypoxia for 3 hours, the cells were exposed to normoxic culture solution for 5 minutes, then the cells were placed in hypoxic solution for 5 minutes, the cycle above-mentioned was repeated 3 times and followed by reoxygenation for 6 hours. Advanced glycation end products (AGEs) content and caspase-3 activity were detected by ELISA. The cell viability was observed by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). The reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels were analyzed using 2, 7-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) staining. The apoptotic rate was determined through Hoechst 33342 staining. The mRNA levels of relative gene expression were detected by real-time PCR.@*RESULTS@#Thirty μmol/L HO induced H9C2 cell senescence while did not lead to apoptosis. Compared with control group, cell viability was decreased, the apoptotic rate、levels of ROS and the mRNA of caspase-3, caspase-9 and Bcl-2 were increased in H/R and PC groups (<0.01). There were no differences in the above indexes between PC group and H/R group. Supplementation of NaHS increased cell viability and decreased apoptotic rate and oxidative stress. The effects of PC + NaHS on the above indexes were better than those of H/R+NaHS group.@*CONCLUSIONS@#Exogenous HS can restore the protective effect of PC on the aged H9C2 cells, and its mechanism is related to the inhibition of oxidative stress and apoptosis.


Subject(s)
Apoptosis , Cell Hypoxia , Cell Survival , Humans , Hydrogen Peroxide , Myocytes, Cardiac , Reactive Oxygen Species
11.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-772816

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the combined effects of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and depression on spatial memory in old rats, aiming to better understand the comorbidity of the two diseases in geriatric patients. Methods The SD rats were assigned into five groups: adult control group (n=6), elderly control group (n=6), elderly COPD group (n=6), elderly depression group (n=6) and elderly COPD with depression group (n=6). Smoking and chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) with solitary support were used to induce COPD model, depression model, respectively, and the both were applied for the comorbidity model. Learning and memory deficits were assessed by Morris water maze (MWM) test. The activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the content of malondialdehyde (MDA) in serum and hippocampus tissue were determined by Xanthinoxidase method and Thiobarbituric acid reaction (TBAR) method, respectively. Results The results of pulmonary histology, lung function, open-field test and sucrose consumption demonstrated the comorbidity models of COPD and depression in elderly rats were successfully established using smoking and CUMS with solitary support. Compared with the elderly control group, the group of COPD with depression had obviously longer time of latency and longer travel distance to reach the platform in MWM test (LSD-t=-10.116, P=0.000; LSD-t=-6.448, P=0.000). The SOD activity in serum and hippocampus decreased significantly (LSD-t=2.629, P=0.014; LSD-t=2.215, P=0.044) and the MDA content in serum and hippocampus increased significantly (LSD-t=-2.140, P=0.042; LSD-t=-2.070, P=0.049) in elderly COPD with depression group. Conclusions COPD in comorbidity of depression could induce spatial memory deficit in old rats. The mechanisms might be related to the overloaded and free radical metabolic imbalance. These results suggest a potential therapeutic target for comorbidity of COPD and depression in geriatric patients.


Subject(s)
Animals , Depression , Metabolism , Male , Malondialdehyde , Metabolism , Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive , Metabolism , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Spatial Memory , Physiology , Superoxide Dismutase , Metabolism , Thiobarbituric Acid Reactive Substances , Metabolism
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-776423

ABSTRACT

Through indoor and field comparative experiments, the properties of membrane type leaf evaporation inhibitors and its effects on photosynthesis of and compatibility and synergistic of pesticide were studied. The evaporation inhibitors and were chosen to investigate the suppression of water evaporation and the compatibility with pesticides. The effect of evaporation inhibitors on photosynthesis of leaves was determined by the chlorophyll fluorescence imaging system. The results showed that water evaporation of leaves of different leaf age were evidently suppressed after treated with evaporation inhibitor. The inhibitor was well compatible with pesticide and effectively improved the pesticide efficacy,and had no significant effect on chlorophyll fluorescence parameters. It is concluded that the evaporation inhibitor has good compatibility with the pesticide, and has remarkable effect of restraining moisture evaporation, which make it can be used for reducing the dosage and improving the efficacy of the pesticide in the field of


Subject(s)
Chlorophyll , Lycium , Physiology , Pesticides , Chemistry , Photosynthesis , Plant Leaves , Physiology , Plant Transpiration
13.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 2714-2724, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-230895

ABSTRACT

<p><b>BACKGROUND</b>Propofol and etomidate are the most important intravenous general anesthetics in the current clinical use and that mediate gamma-aminobutyric acid's (GABAergic) synaptic transmission. However, their long-term effects on GABAergic synaptic transmission induced by neonatal propofol or etomidate exposure remain unclear. We investigated the long-term GABAergic neurotransmission alterations, following neonatal propofol and etomidate administration.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Sprague-Dawley rat pups at postnatal days 4-6 were underwent 6-h-long propofol-induced or 5-h-long etomidate-induced anesthesia. We performed whole-cell patch-clamp recording from pyramidal cells in the cornus ammonis 1 area of acute hippocampal slices of postnatal 80-90 days. Spontaneous and miniature inhibitory GABAergic currents (spontaneous inhibitory postsynaptic currents [sIPSCs] and miniature inhibitory postsynaptic currents [mIPSCs]) and their kinetic characters were measured. The glutamatergic tonic effect on inhibitory transmission and the effect of bumetanide on neonatal propofol exposure were also examined.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Neonatal propofol exposure significantly increased the frequency of mIPSCs (from 1.87 ± 0.35 Hz to 3.43 ± 0.51 Hz, P< 0.05) and did not affect the amplitude of mIPSCs and sIPSCs. Both propofol and etomidate slowed the decay time of mIPSCs kinetics (168.39 ± 27.91 ms and 267.02 ± 100.08 ms vs. 68.18 ± 12.43 ms; P< 0.05). Bumetanide significantly blocked the frequency increase and reversed the kinetic alteration of mIPSCs induced by neonatal propofol exposure (3.01 ± 0.45 Hz and 94.30 ± 32.56 ms).</p><p><b>CONCLUSIONS</b>Neonatal propofol and etomidate exposure has long-term effects on inhibitory GABAergic transmission. Propofol might act at pre- and post-synaptic GABA receptor A (GABAA) receptors within GABAergic synapses and impairs the glutamatergic tonic input to GABAergic synapses; etomidate might act at the postsynaptic site.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , CA1 Region, Hippocampal , Metabolism , Electrophysiology , Etomidate , Pharmacology , Hippocampus , Metabolism , Neurons , Metabolism , Propofol , Pharmacology , Rats , Rats, Sprague-Dawley , Receptors, GABA-A , Metabolism , Synaptic Transmission , gamma-Aminobutyric Acid , Metabolism
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-236075

ABSTRACT

Heortia vitessoides has been a serious defoliating pest of Aquilaria sinensis forests in recent years.The adults displayed strong tropism to the frequency trembler grid lamps and the nectar source plants.The favorite nectar source plants of H.vitessoides adults as the trap plants and the frequency trembler grid lamps in the integrated management of H.vitessoides were studied in the adult eclosion period through both the laboratory and field.The results showed that Kuhnia rosmarnifolia and Santalum album plants showed strong attraction to the H.vitessoides adults, with significant differences among the different nectar source plants.K.rosmarnifolia and S.album as trap plants with board type of planting area to total planting area of 5%-10%, and the frequency trembler grid lamps trapped significantly more adults of H.vitessoides. These results suggested that the frequency trembler grid lamps and trap plants could play an important role in the integrated management of the pest H.vitessoides of A.sinensis.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-275195

ABSTRACT

As a traditional Chinese medicine, wolfberry (Lycium barbarum) has a long cultivation history and a good industrial development foundation. With the development of wolfberry production, the expansion of cultivation area and the increased attention of governments and consumers on food safety, the quality and safety requirement of wolfberry is higher demanded. The quality tracing and traceability system of production entire processes is the important technology tools to protect the wolfberry safety, and to maintain sustained and healthy development of the wolfberry industry. Thus, this article analyzed the wolfberry quality management from the actual situation, the safety hazard sources were discussed according to the HACCP (hazard analysis and critical control point) and GAP (good agricultural practice for Chinese crude drugs), and to provide a reference for the traceability system of wolfberry.

16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250484

ABSTRACT

The safety interval period and residue dynamics of two main components (XDE-175-J and XDE-175-L) of spinetoram in wolfberry were measured. Field experiment design and sampling method were carried out according to the "Guideline on pesticide residue trials". The wolfberry samples were extracted with acetonitrile by ultrasonic, and analyzed by UPLC-MS/MS. The wolfberry was sprayed with 6% spinetoram suspension concentrate (SC) at recommended dosage (1 500 times) and doubling dosage (750 times) (one time) at fructescence of wolfberry. The half-lives of spinetoram residue under recommended dosage treatment was 3.65-4.25 d, and all the fresh and dried fruits conform to first order kinetics equation. The dissipation rate was over 95% in fresh and dried fruits at 14 d after application. In conclusion, spinetoram belongs to the easily degradable pesticide type.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-250424

ABSTRACT

The dissipation of spirodiclofen in fresh fruit and dry fruit of wolfberry was detected in this study to provide a reference for its safe application.According to Pesticide Residue Test Criteria of China, the open-field experiment was conducted in Zhongning courty of Ningxia province, and the dissipation of spirodiclofen was studied by acetonitrile extraction and HPLC-MS/MS detection. The results showed that the half-lives of spirodiclofen in fresh wolfberry fruit and dry wolfberry fruit were 6.9-11.2 days and 8.5-10.4 days, respectively. Spirodiclofen belongs to the easily degradable pesticide type. According to the maximum residue limits (0.5 mg•kg⁻¹) of spirodiclofen of EU for wolfberry, after recommended dosage being sprayed for once, fresh wolfberry fruit was safe to eat after 5 days, and dry wolfberry fruit was safe to eat after 21 days.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-243439

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To observe the dynamic expression of calcium-sensing receptor(CaSR) in myocardium of diabetic rats.</p><p><b>METHODS</b>Thirty male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups including control, diabetic-4 week and diabetic-8 week groups(n = 10). The type 2 diabetes mellitus models were established by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin (STZ, 30 mg/kg) after high-fat and high-sugar diet for one month. The cardiac morphology was observed by electron microscope. Western blot analyzed the expression of CaSR, phospholamban (PLN), a calcium handling regulator, and Ca+-ATPase(SERCA) in cardiac tissues.</p><p><b>RESULTS</b>Compared with control group, the expressions of CaSR and SERCA were decreased, while the expression of PLN was significantly increased in a time-dependent manner in diabetic groups. Meanwhile diabetic rats displayed abnormal cardiac structure.</p><p><b>CONCLUSION</b>These results indicate that the CaSR expression of myocardium is reduced in the progression of DCM, and its potential mechanism may be related to the imnaired intracellular calcium homeostasis.</p>


Subject(s)
Animals , Calcium-Binding Proteins , Metabolism , Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental , Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2 , Diabetic Cardiomyopathies , Metabolism , Disease Progression , Heart , Male , Myocardium , Metabolism , Pathology , Rats , Rats, Wistar , Receptors, Calcium-Sensing , Metabolism , Sarcoplasmic Reticulum Calcium-Transporting ATPases , Metabolism , Streptozocin
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-299847

ABSTRACT

To investigate the production status and the safety influence factors of wolfberry in China. We investigated the detailed factors which affect the quality safe of wolfberry in the periods of July-August 2013 and July-September 2009. The factors include fertilizing patterns, the used pesticide and preliminary process wolfberry. The factors were discussed according to the results of investigation, and suggestions were proposed for the management and production departments of wolfberry.


Subject(s)
China , Fertilizers , Lycium , Chemistry , Microbiology , Parasitology , Pest Control , Plant Diseases , Microbiology , Parasitology
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-350710

ABSTRACT

<p><b>OBJECTIVE</b>To find out whether and how the newly invented technique-bionic glue affects the main pest of wolf berry-Paratrioza sinica and its natural enemies Tamarixia lyciumi and Chrysopa septempunctata.</p><p><b>METHOD</b>Spraying bionic glue in field when wolf berry just geminated, investigated the adults and nymphs of P. sinica and it's natural enemies: adults of T. lyciumi and eggs of C. septempunctata.</p><p><b>RESULT AND CONCLUSION</b>Bionic glue can significantly reduce the population number of P. sinica, but with little impacts on its natural enemies of T. lyciumi and C. septempunctata, and more experiments are need for further research.</p>


Subject(s)
Adhesives , Pharmacology , Animals , Bees , Biomimetic Materials , Pharmacology , Hemiptera , Ovum , Population Dynamics , Predatory Behavior
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