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1.
Gut and Liver ; : 981-981, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210169

ABSTRACT

In the version of this article initially published, the first affiliation (affiliation number 1) was incorrectly stated as "Division of Gastroentorology, Department of Internal Medicine." The correct affiliation is "Department of Internal Medicine."

2.
Gut and Liver ; : 773-780, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179850

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aberrant DNA methylation has a specific role in field cancerization. Certain molecular markers, including secreted frizzled-related protein 2 (SFRP2), tissue factor pathway inhibitor 2 (TFPI2), N-Myc downstream-regulated gene 4 (NDRG4) and bone morphogenic protein 3 (BMP3), have previously been shown to be hypermethylated in colorectal cancer (CRC). We aim to examine field cancerization in CRC based on the presence of aberrant DNA methylation in normal-appearing tissue from CRC patients. METHODS: We investigated promoter methylation in 34 CRC patients and five individuals with normal colonoscopy results. CRC patients were divided into three tissue groups: tumor tissue, adjacent and nonadjacent normal-appearing tissue. The methylation status (positive: methylation level >20%) of SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4, and BMP3 promoters was investigated using methylation-specific PCR. RESULTS: The methylation frequencies of the SFRP2, TFPI2, NDRG4 and BMP3 promoters in tumor/adjacent/nonadjacent normal-appearing tissue were 79.4%/63.0%/70.4%, 82.4%/53.6%/60.7%, 76.5%/61.5%/69.2%, 41.2%/35.7%/50.0%, respectively. The methylation levels of the SFRP,TFPI2, NDRG4 and BMP3 promoters in tumor tissues were significantly higher than those in normal-appearing tissue (SFRP2, p=0.013; TFPI2, p<0.001; NDRG4, p=0.003; BMP3, p=0.001). No significant correlation was observed between the methylation levels of the promoters and the clinicopathological variables. CONCLUSIONS: The field effect is present in CRC and affects both the adjacent and nonadjacent normal-appearing mucosa.


Subject(s)
Humans , Colon , Colonic Neoplasms , Colonoscopy , Colorectal Neoplasms , DNA Methylation , Epigenomics , Methylation , Mucous Membrane , Polymerase Chain Reaction , Thromboplastin
3.
Gut and Liver ; : 681-687, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209558

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: A dietary regimen consisting of a clear liquid diet (CLD) for at least 24 hours is recommended for colonoscopy preparation. However, this requirement results in problems in patient compliance with bowel preparation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a CLD compared with a regular diet (RD) for colonoscopy preparation using a polyethylene glycol (PEG) solution. METHODS: This was a multicenter, randomized, investigator-blind prospective study. A total of 801 healthy outpatients undergoing afternoon colonoscopy were randomized to either a CLD or RD in addition to a 4 L PEG regimen. RESULTS: The quality of bowel cleansing was not different between the CLD and RD groups in terms of the proportion with excellent or good preparation. In addition, no significant differences were observed between the two groups for polyp and adenoma detection rates and overall adverse events. Good compliance with bowel preparation was higher in the RD group than in the CLD group. CONCLUSIONS: A CLD for a full day prior to colonoscopy should not be mandatory for PEG-based bowel preparation. Dietary education concerning the avoidance of high-fiber foods for 3 days before colonoscopy is sufficient, at least for healthy outpatients.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Adenoma/diagnosis , Ambulatory Care , Cathartics/administration & dosage , Colonic Neoplasms/diagnosis , Colonic Polyps/diagnosis , Colonoscopy/methods , Diet/adverse effects , Dietary Fiber/administration & dosage , Operative Time , Patient Compliance , Patient Education as Topic , Polyethylene Glycols/administration & dosage , Single-Blind Method , Time Factors
4.
Gut and Liver ; : 661-667, 2013.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-162813

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Seasonal variation may influence the development and exacerbation of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). However, most epidemiologic studies on this topic have been conducted in Western countries. The purpose of this study was to determine whether birth dates and symptom flares follow a seasonal pattern in Korean patients with IBD. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of IBD established between January 2003 and December 2010 were investigated at six university hospitals in Korea. The expected births and flares, with a uniform distribution during the year and considering differences in the number of days in the months of 1 year, were calculated. RESULTS: A total of 411 patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 316 patients with Crohn disease (CD) were included in the study. Birth during the winter period, and especially in January and February, was associated with an increased risk of IBD, especially in UC patients. The symptom flares of CD patients occurred most frequently in the spring, with a nadir in the autumn. However, no disease flare seasonality was noted for UC patients. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that seasonally varying environmental factors during pregnancy and the postpartum period are associated with a susceptibility to IBD later in life and that exacerbations of CD are influenced by seasonal factors.


Subject(s)
Adolescent , Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Female , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Asian People/statistics & numerical data , Colitis, Ulcerative/epidemiology , Crohn Disease/epidemiology , Recurrence , Republic of Korea/epidemiology , Retrospective Studies , Risk Factors , Seasons , Vital Statistics
5.
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology ; : 279-286, 2012.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-210177

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Adipose tissue is an active endocrine organ that secretes various metabolically important substances including adipokines, which represent a link between insulin resistance and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). The factors responsible for the progression from simple steatosis to steatohepatitis remain elusive, but adipokine imbalance may play a pivotal role. We evaluated the expressions of adipokines such as visfatin, adipocyte-fatty-acid-binding protein (A-FABP), and retinol-binding protein-4 (RBP-4) in serum and tissue. The aim was to discover whether these adipokines are potential predictors of NASH. METHODS: Polymerase chain reaction, quantification of mRNA, and Western blots encoding A-FABP, RBP-4, and visfatin were used to study tissue samples from the liver, and visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue. The tissue samples were from biopsy specimens obtained from patients with proven NASH who were undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy due to gallbladder polyps. RESULTS: Patients were classified into two groups: NASH, n=10 and non-NASH, n=20 according to their nonalcoholic fatty liver disease Activity Score. Although serum A-FABP levels did not differ between the two groups, the expressions of A-FABP mRNA and protein in the visceral adipose tissue were significantly higher in NASH group than in non-NASH group (104.34 vs. 97.05, P<0.05, and 190.01 vs. 95.15, P<0.01, respectively). Furthermore, the A-FABP protein expression ratio between visceral adipose tissue and liver was higher in NASH group than in non-NASH group (4.38 vs. 1.64, P<0.05). CONCLUSIONS: NASH patients had higher levels of A-FABP expression in their visceral fat compared to non-NASH patients. This differential A-FABP expression may predispose patients to the progressive form of NASH.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Humans , Middle Aged , Adipose Tissue/metabolism , Fatty Acid-Binding Proteins/genetics , Fatty Liver/metabolism , Gene Expression Regulation , Intra-Abdominal Fat/metabolism , Liver/metabolism , Nicotinamide Phosphoribosyltransferase/genetics , RNA, Messenger/metabolism , Retinol-Binding Proteins, Plasma/genetics
6.
The Korean Journal of Gastroenterology ; : 340-345, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-150373

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have suggested that the model for end-stage liver disease (MELD) score is superior to the Child-Turcotte-Pugh (CTP) score as a predictor of postoperative mortality, especially up to 90 days. This study aimed to determine whether MELD score can predict the postoperative outcome of patients with liver cirrhosis in Korea. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 98 patients with liver cirrhosis who underwent intra-abdominal surgery under generalized anesthesia between March 2003 and December 2008 at Kangbuk Samsung Hospital. Univariate and multivariate cox proportional hazards analyses were performed to determine the correlation between risk factors and mortality. RESULTS: Eighty-two percent of patients (n=80) were male. Mean MELD score was 10.82+/-3.84. Common causes of liver cirrhosis were hepatitis B (57.2%) and alcohol (22.4%). Ninety-day mortality ranged from 2.1% (MELD score, or =17). By multivariate analysis, MELD score>9 (HR 2.490; [95% CI 1.116-5.554; p=.026]) and American Society of Anesthesiologists Class > or =IV (HR 2.433; [95% CI 1.039-5.695; p=.041]) predicted mortality at 30 days after surgery. Only MELD score was a predictor of prognosis at 90 days (HR 2.446; [95% CI 1.118-5.352; p=.025]). Etiology of cirrhosis and CTP score were not predictors of mortality. CONCLUSIONS: MELD score was a useful predictive parameter of postoperative mortality at 30 days and 90 days, independent of the etiology of cirrhosis.

7.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 393-395, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-197822

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Angiography, Digital Subtraction , Venous Thrombosis
8.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 6-10, 2011.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-84343

ABSTRACT

Proton-pump inhibitors (PPI) have important roles in the management of acid-related disorders, especially gastro-esophageal reflux disease and peptic ulcer disease. They are considered safe, but some side effects, such as oxyntic cell hyperplasia, glandular cysts, hypergastrinemia and fundic gland polyps, are also reported. Long-term PPI administration in Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) positive subjects promotes a shift from antral to corpus-predominant gastritis. The shift leads to corpus atrophy eventually that is known predisposing factor of gastric adenocarcinoma. It is recommended that patients being considered for long-term PPI therapy should be tested for H. pylori infection. And if present, H. pylori eradication should be preceded to PPI administration. Also, long-term PPI administration can cause enterochromaffin-like cell hyperplasia. Although the underlying mechanism and pathogenesis are not yet fully understood, it is possible that long-term PPI administration can promote the development of gastric carcinoid tumor. Therefore, to minimize the side effects, it should be used in adequate dose for a precise duration.


Subject(s)
Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Atrophy , Carbamates , Carcinoid Tumor , Enterochromaffin-like Cells , Gastritis , Gastritis, Atrophic , Gastroesophageal Reflux , Helicobacter pylori , Hyperplasia , Organometallic Compounds , Parietal Cells, Gastric , Peptic Ulcer , Polyps
9.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 172-175, 2010.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209008

ABSTRACT

Breast metastases from an extramammary primary tumor are very rare and the prognosis for such patients is generally poor. We report here on a case of a 42-year-old female with metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer to the breast, and she is now being followed up on an outpatient basis. In 2004, she presented with a solitary pulmonary nodule in the left lung, and this lesion had been noted to have gradually increased in size over time. The final pathological diagnosis was adenocarcinoma, and the diagnosis was made by performing percutaneous needle aspiration and lobectomy of the left upper lobe. Adjuvant chemotherapy and radiotherapy were given. Unfortunately, a nodule in the left breast was noted three years later, and metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer to the breast was diagnosed by excisional biopsy. Making the correct diagnosis to distinguish a primary breast carcinoma from a metastatic one is important, because the therapeutic plan and outcome for these two types of cancer are quite different.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Adenocarcinoma , Biopsy , Breast , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Chemotherapy, Adjuvant , Lung , Lung Neoplasms , Needles , Neoplasm Metastasis , Outpatients , Prognosis , Solitary Pulmonary Nodule
10.
The Journal of the Korean Society for Transplantation ; : 26-29, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-173701

ABSTRACT

Tuberculosis is an opportunistic infection that causes significant morbidity and mortality in recipients of renal transplants. Although tuberculous peritonitis is easily diagnosed by paracentesis, it is difficult to diagnosis in the absence of ascites. Laparotomy and laparoscopic biopsies are needed for the diagnosis of tuberculous peritonitis. According to recent reports, the latter has a better outcome because of fewer associated complications. A case of tuberculous peritonitis in a renal transplant patient is reported that was diagnosed by laparoscopic peritoneal biopsy


Subject(s)
Humans , Ascites , Biopsy , Kidney Transplantation , Laparotomy , Opportunistic Infections , Paracentesis , Peritonitis, Tuberculous , Renal Dialysis , Transplants , Tuberculosis
11.
Korean Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy ; : 126-129, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-37318

ABSTRACT

Cronkhite-Canada syndrome is a very rare syndrome. This non-familial hamartomatous polyposis syndrome is characterized by multiple polyps on the entire gastrointestinal tract, nail dystrophy, skin pigmentation and systemic alopecia. The courses of this syndrome could be classified into five types according to clinical symptoms; diarrhea, taste disturbance, xerostomia, abdominal pain and alopecia. Cronkhite-Canada syndrome has a high mortality rate up to 45~60% due to nutritional absorption disturbance, hypoalbuminemia, recurrent infection, sepsis, heart failure and gastrointestinal bleeding. A pathogenesis of Cronkhite-Canada syndrome is still unknown, and only conservative treatment is available. We diagnosed a 55 years-old female with Cronkhite-Canada syndrome based on the clinical symptoms of nail change, taste disturbance and alopecia, and the histologic finding of polyps in the entire gastrointestinal tract; these polyps were found in the stomach, small intestine and large intestine via capsule endoscopy. We report on this case and we review the relevant medical literature.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Abdominal Pain , Absorption , Alopecia , Capsule Endoscopy , Diarrhea , Gastrointestinal Tract , Heart Failure , Hemorrhage , Hypoalbuminemia , Intestinal Polyposis , Intestine, Large , Intestine, Small , Nails , Polyps , Sepsis , Skin Pigmentation , Stomach , Xerostomia
12.
Korean Journal of Medicine ; : 686-690, 2010.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-108499

ABSTRACT

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the third leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide1). Extrahepatic metastasis of HCC is now increasing due to prolonged survival. Most extrahepatic HCC occurs in patients with advanced stages. The lung, abdominal lymph nodes, and bone are common sites of extrahepatic metastasis. However, the parathyroid gland has not been reported as a metastatic focus. We report the first case of parathyroid metastasis as the first single metastasis site of HCC and microscopic tumor-to-tumor metastasis to a parathyroid adenoma.


Subject(s)
Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular , Lung , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Parathyroid Glands , Parathyroid Neoplasms
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