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1.
Korean Journal of Dermatology ; : 1402-1405, 2003.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-165745

ABSTRACT

Primary CD30 negative large T cell lymphomas consist of CD30 negative large tumor cells without prior or concurrent mycosis fungoides. Clinically, it presents with solitary, localized or generalized plaques, nodules, or tumors and most cases show an aggressive clinical course. The histologic appearance may be identical to that of classic mycosis fungoides undergoing transformation into large cell lymphoma and large tumor cells represent at least 30 percent of the total tumor cell population. We experienced a case of CD30 negative large T cell lymphoma and report it with a review of literatures.


Subject(s)
Lymphoma , Lymphoma, T-Cell , Mycosis Fungoides
2.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-126407

ABSTRACT

Trichogenic tumors are a very rare group of primary cutaneous neoplasms and a few tumors have been recognized. Trichofolliculoma is a benign, papular, organoid adnexal tumor of the skin and presents as a solitary skin-colored nodule. We report six cases of trichofolliculoma occurred in Korean patients consisting of three male and three female patients. The duration of disease was variable from 3 months to 5 years. The site of tumor was limited to the face and included eyelid in two cases, nose in two cases, cheek and posterior aspect of ear in each one case. The size of the mass varied from 4 to 8 mm in diameter. Microscopically, all the cases showed large central cystic hair follicle with numerous secondary follicular buds, producing a radiating pattern. The stroma was fibrotic and well demarcated from the adjacent dermis.


Subject(s)
Cheek , Dermis , Ear , Eyelids , Female , Hair Follicle , Humans , Male , Nose , Organoids , Skin
3.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-58395

ABSTRACT

Expression of the nm23 and E-cadherin proteins has been studied in a number of tumors. Reduced expression of the nm23 and E-cadherin proteins seems to be associated with metastasis or disease progression in some tumors, including breast carcinoma. To assess the role of nm23 and E-cadherin in tumor differentiation and metastasis of breast carcinoma, immunohistochemical staining for the nm23 and E-cadherin proteins was performed in paraffin embedded tumor samples from 86 breast carcinomas. The results were as follows: 1) Expression of the nm23 protein in breast carcinoma was strong positive in 32 cases (37.2%), weak positive in 26 cases (30.2%), and negative in 28 cases (32.6%) of the cases. Expression of the nm23 protein in breast carcinoma decreased according to histological grade and lymph node metastasis, but was not statistically significant. 2) Expression of the E-cadherin protein in breast carcinoma was strong positive in 50 cases (58.1%), weak positive in 24 cases (27.9%), and negative in 12 cases (14%) of the cases. Expression of the E-cadherin protein in breast carcinoma decreased according to histological grade and lymph node metastasis, but was not statistically significant. 3) There was a statistically significant correlation between the expression of the nm23 protein and the E-cadherin protein in breast carcinoma (p<0.05). These results suggest that the expression of the nm23 and E-cadherin proteins is related to tumor differentiation, and may also be an useful prognostic factor in breast carcinoma.


Subject(s)
Breast Neoplasms , Breast , Cadherins , Disease Progression , Lymph Nodes , Neoplasm Metastasis , Paraffin
4.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-726437

ABSTRACT

Cytologic features of a poorly differentiated "insular" carcinoma of the thyroid are presented. In fine needle aspiration cytology, the aspirates were highly cellular and tumor cells were arranged in loose clusters or singly dispersed on focally necrotic background. Occasional microfollicles were evident. The tumor cells had poorly defined, scanty cytoplasm and most of the nuclei were fairly uniform with coarse chromatin pattern. A few large pleomorphic cells were also noted. The cytologic findings of the present case were correlated well with the histologic findings, which showed typical insular pattern and the presence of uniform cells with occasional pleomorphism.


Subject(s)
Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Chromatin , Cytoplasm , Thyroid Gland
5.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-219454

ABSTRACT

Nerve sheath myxoma or neurothekeoma, a rare cutaneous neoplasm probably originating from the nerve sheath, is classified into three groups as classical, cellular, and mixed types based on cellularity, mucin content and growth patterns. Only two cases of nerve sheath myxoma have been reported in the Korean literatures. We report a case of nerve sheath myxoma occurring on the scalp of a 29 year-old woman. It was identified as the mixed type by histopathological, immunohistochemical and electronmicroscopic findings.


Subject(s)
Adult , Female , Humans , Mucins , Neurothekeoma , Scalp , Talus
6.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-720897

ABSTRACT

Splenic lymphoma with villlous lymphocytes (SLVL) is a B cell chronic lymphoproliferative disorder which affects predominantly elderly males. Most patients present with splenomegaly without lymphadenopathy and a lymphocytosis. This report describes a case of SLVL in 66 year old male who complained abdominal discomfort and abdominal mass. The leukocyte count was 47.8x109/L with 89% atypical lymphocytes showing variable amout of moderately basophilic cytoplasm and unevenly distributed or polar cytoplasmic villi. The bone marrow was effaced with these neoplastic lymphocytes. The immunophenotype of the neoplastic B cells was CD19 (+), CD20 (+), CD22 (+), CD11c (+), CD2 (-), CD3 (-), CD5 (-), CD10 (-), CD25 (-) and CD15 (-). The cytogenetic findings exhibited 46,XY,del (3) (q24),del (10) (p12). The spleen was weighted 520g and had nodular infiltrates of neoplastic B cells in the region of the white pulp with minimal red pulp involvement.


Subject(s)
Aged , B-Lymphocytes , Basophils , Bone Marrow , Cytogenetics , Cytoplasm , Humans , Leukocyte Count , Lymphatic Diseases , Lymphocytes , Lymphocytosis , Lymphoma , Lymphoproliferative Disorders , Male , Spleen , Splenomegaly
7.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-769432

ABSTRACT

Paragonimus westermani mainly infests the lung parenchyma, and it is also causes ectopic parasitism of various sites, such as brain, liver and subcutaneous tissue but there have been no reports in literature about paragonimiasis infesting lumbar epidural space. A 58-year-old housewife complained of lumbago and radiating pain to both lower extremities for 20 years. Calcified extradural masses were found by preoperative plain X-ray, myelogram, and CT scan. Intraoperatively, cystic mass in the epidural space at L2-3 was found and confirmed to be paragonimiasis by histopathological study. A case of ectopic paragonimiasis in the lumbar epidural space at L2-3 level is presented.


Subject(s)
Brain , Epidural Space , Humans , Liver , Low Back Pain , Lower Extremity , Lung , Middle Aged , Paragonimiasis , Paragonimus westermani , Subcutaneous Tissue , Tomography, X-Ray Computed
8.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-161010

ABSTRACT

Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a life threatening complication that may occur following allogenic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) in the patients with aplastic anemia, leukemia or genetic immunodeficiency. It has been known that GVHD occurs approximately 70% of recipients of BMT in western countries but no definite incidence has been reported in Korea. In our St. Mary's Hospital, GVHD occurs in about 30% of BMT recipients. Histopathologically the acute phase skin shows diffuse lymphocytic infiltrates in the upper dermis with extensive exocytosis. Scattered throughout the epidermis are many degenerated keratinocytes, which are often associated with one or more satellite lymphocytes (satellite cell necrosis). In the chronic phase, acanthosis, eosinophilic keratinocytes resembling colloid bodies and mononuclear cell infiltrates in the upper dermis are noted. We reviewed 5 cases of acute GVHD and 6 cases of chronic GVHD. All patients received allogenic BMT from Jan. 1, 1992 to July 1, 1993. Ten patients were male and one was female. The mean age was 34 (20-70). The pathologic diagnosis was 3 cases of CML, 2 of ALL, 2 of AML (FAB M2), 2 of aplastic anemia, 1 of CLL and 1 of AML (FAB M5). The interval from BMT to GVHD varied from 14 days to 4 years (median 220 days). The skin and GI tract were involved in all eleven cases. Ten cases were histologically proven by skin biopsies, and two cases by salivary gland and colonic biopsies, respectively. The histological findings of the skin, salivary gland and colonic biopsieds were described. Immunohistochemical stain of the skin was done using CD4, CD8, HLA DR and Leu 7 antibodies.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , CD4 Antigens/analysis , CD8 Antigens/analysis , Biopsy , Female , Graft vs Host Disease/immunology , HLA-DR Antigens/analysis , Humans , Immunohistochemistry , Male , Middle Aged
10.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-76864

ABSTRACT

Intracranial teratomas which were first described by Maier in 1861 are uncommon. Those presenting at birth are very rare and in our knowledge no case has been reported in Korea. In November, 1988, we experience a case of congenital intracrainal teratoma which replaced almost all cerebral tissue, filled out the oral cavity, and was protruded from the mouth. A female fetus was artificially delivered by a 25-year-old primigravida at 22 weeks of gestation, because of marked hydramnios and fetal hydrocephalus which were detected by prenatal ultrasonography. Microscopically, tissues from all three germ layers, including a lot of neuroepithelim and primitive mesenchymal tissue, were shown. A brief review of the literature was done.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans
11.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-49202

ABSTRACT

Primary extracranial and extraspinal meningiomas are rare. Cases involving the orbit, skin, nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, oral cavity and parotid gland have been reported. The histogenesis of primary extracranial meningioma is still nucertain, but it has been thought that this tumor originates from arachnoid cell rests in displaced during embryonal development. The authors observed a case of primary meningioma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses occurring in a thirty-eight year old male patient in Feb. 1989. He suffered from bulging in the medio-superior portion of left orbit for 15 years, and left nasal obstruction and headache for 5 years, A head CT scan revealed numberous polypoid masses filling the left frontal sinus left ethmoidal sinus, left maxillary sinus and left nasal cavity. During the operation, a connection to the dura was not found. Microscopically, there were discrete lobules or netst of meningothelial cells, beneath the nasal mucosa. They showed an occasional whorling pattern and psammoma bodies. Therefore, this case was diagnosed as primary meningioma, meningotheliomatous type involving the left nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Meningioma
12.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-103729

ABSTRACT

Primary extranodal lymphoma of the liver is very rare, approximately thirty-one cases having been reported in the literature. We report one case of primary malignant lymphoma of the liver in a 26-year-old female, who was presented with palpable abdominal mass on the epigastrium for about 40 days. Laboratory findings revealed no specific abnormalities. Peripheral lymph nodes or spleen were not palpable. An abdominal ultrasonogram revealed a huge mass involving the entire left lobe of the liver. Left lateral segmentectomy of the liver was done. The resected lateral portion of left lobe of the liver showed a large solitary mass, 12 cm in the greatest dimension, with a yellowish gray fleshy solid cut surface. Though light microscopic feature was compatible with primary malignant lymphoma, diffuse large cell type, intermediate grade by the working formulation, undifferentiated carcinomas including hepatocellular carcinoma, plasmacytoma, and pleomorphic sarcomas could not be completely ruled out. Thus, marker studies and electron microscopic examination were performed. Immunoperoxidase stains for common leukocyte antigen was positive, and the Leder stain for myeloid granule was negative. Electron microscopic stuids revealed findings of neoplastic lymphoid cells, consistent with malignant lymphoma. Primary lymphoma of the liver has only rarely been reported, and its natural history is unclear. Many of the reported cases have been large cell lymphomas, as in this case.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Carcinoma, Hepatocellular
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