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Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-740154


PURPOSE: To assess the diagnostic performance in detecting rotator cuff tears at 3T of non-arthrographic shoulder magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) using 3D isotropic turbo spin-echo (TSE-SPACE) sequence as compared with 2D sequences. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-four patients who were arthroscopically confirmed to have underwent non-arthrographic shoulder MRI with 2D sequences and TSE-SPACE were included. Three independent readers retrospectively scored supraspinatus and infraspinatus tendon (SST-IST) and subscapularis tendon (SCT) tears on 2D sequences and TSE-SPACE. RESULTS: The mean sensitivity, specificity, and accuracy of the three readers were 95%, 100%, and 95% on TSE-SPACE and 99%, 93%, and 98% on 2D sequences for detecting SST-IST tears, respectively, whereas those were 87%, 49%, and 68% on TSE-SPACE and 88%, 66%, and 77% on 2D sequences for detecting SCT tears, respectively. There was no statistical difference between the two sequences, except for in the specificity of one reader for detecting SCT tears. The mean AUCs of the three readers on TSE-SPACE and 2D sequences were 0.96 and 0.98 for detecting SST-IST tears, respectively, which were not significantly different, while those were 0.71 and 0.82 for detecting SCT tears, respectively, which were significantly different (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: TSE-SPACE may have accuracy and reliability comparable to conventional 2D sequences for SST-IST tears at non-arthrographic 3T shoulder MRI, whereas TSE-SPACE was less reliable than conventional 2D sequences for detecting SCT tears.

Area Under Curve , Diagnosis , Humans , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Retrospective Studies , Rotator Cuff , Sensitivity and Specificity , Shoulder , Tears , Tendons
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-228620


OBJECTIVE: To assess patient radiation doses during cerebral angiography and embolization of intracranial aneurysms in a large sample size from a single center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied a sample of 439 diagnostic and 149 therapeutic procedures for intracranial aneurysms in 480 patients (331 females, 149 males; median age, 57 years; range, 21-88 years), which were performed in 2012 with a biplane unit. Parameters including fluoroscopic time, dose-area product (DAP), and total angiographic image frames were obtained and analyzed. RESULTS: Mean fluoroscopic time, total mean DAP, and total image frames were 12.6 minutes, 136.6 +/- 44.8 Gy-cm2, and 251 +/- 49 frames for diagnostic procedures, 52.9 minutes, 226.0 +/- 129.2 Gy-cm2, and 241 frames for therapeutic procedures, and 52.2 minutes, 334.5 +/- 184.6 Gy-cm2, and 408 frames for when both procedures were performed during the same session. The third quartiles for diagnostic reference levels (DRLs) were 14.0, 61.1, and 66.1 minutes for fluoroscopy time, 154.2, 272.8, and 393.8 Gy-cm2 for DAP, and 272, 276, and 535 for numbers of image frames in diagnostic, therapeutic, and both procedures in the same session, respectively. The proportions of fluoroscopy in DAP for the procedures were 11.4%, 50.5%, and 36.1%, respectively, for the three groups. The mean DAP for each 3-dimensional rotational angiographic acquisition was 19.2 +/- 3.2 Gy-cm2. On average, rotational angiography was used 1.4 +/- 0.6 times/session (range, 1-4; n = 580). CONCLUSION: Radiation dose in our study as measured by DAP, fluoroscopy time and image frames did not differ significantly from other reported DRL studies for cerebral angiography, and DAP was lower with fewer angiographic image frames for embolization. A national registry of radiation-dose data is a necessary next step to refine the dose reference level.

Adult , Aged , Aged, 80 and over , Cerebral Angiography , Databases, Factual , Embolization, Therapeutic , Female , Fluoroscopy , Humans , Intracranial Aneurysm/diagnosis , Male , Middle Aged , Patients , Radiation Dosage , Retrospective Studies
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-209695


Anomalies of renal vasculature combined with ectopic kidneys were found on a multi-detector CT scan. Knowledge of renal vascular variation is very important for surgical exploration, radiologic intervention and staging for urologic cancer. We present an extremely rare case of a right circumaortic renal vein combined with a right ectopic kidney. The right kidney was located at the level between the third and fifth lumbar vertebra. The right circumaortic renal vein crossed the aorta and returned to the inferior vena cava behind the aorta.

Adult , Humans , Kidney/abnormalities , Kidney Diseases/congenital , Male , Multidetector Computed Tomography , Renal Veins/abnormalities , Vena Cava, Inferior/abnormalities