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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905762

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the relation between aquaporins (AQPs) and fecal water content in rats with spinal cord injury. Methods:A total of 48 female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control group (n= 24) and spinal cord injury group (SCI group,n = 24). SCI group underwent transection at T8, while the control group was only subjected to laminectomy. Posterior limb function was assessed by Basso-Beattie-Bresnahan (BBB) score before modeling and on the 1st, 3rd, 7th, 14th and 28th day after SCI. Fecal water content was measured before modeling and on the 3rd, 14th and 28th day after SCI. Colon specimens were collected to detect the expression of AQP1, AQP3 and AQP4 by immunohistochemistry on the 3rd, 14th and 28th day after SCI. Results:The BBB score was significantly lower in SCI group than in the control group (t > 69.230,P< 0.001) after SCI, as well as the fecal water content (t > 5.814,P< 0.001). The expression of AQP1, AQP3, and AQP4 in the colon was higher in SCI group than in the control group (|t|> 5.165,P < 0.01) on the 3rd, 14th, and 28th day after SCI. The expression of AQPs negatively correlated with fecal water content (r = -0791~-0.730,P< 0.001). Conclusion:The expression of AQPs in the colon of rats after SCI was up-regulated, which was correlated with excessive water absorption after SCI.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905450

ABSTRACT

The nutritional status of patients with spinal cord injury affects the rehabilitation and outcome of patients, and has not received enough attention. Joint interventions such as diet control and exercise are effective. In addition, nutrition training for medical staff and nutrition education for patients are necessary, and the relevant nutrition policy of hospital should also be revised. At present, the nutritional assessment criteria for patients with spinal cord injury are not sufficient. Because of the specificity of patients with spinal cord injury, the evaluation criteria for healthy people are not applicable, and it is difficult to detect malnutrition early. A comprehensive evaluation system for patients with spinal cord injury in China should be established using evaluation scales, blood indicators and skin pleat thickness, and nutrition assessment should be used as a part of routine management.

3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-774356

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the prognostic evaluation value of fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) interim positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) for diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL).@*METHODS@#Two hundred and twenty-seven patients with pathologically diagnosed DLBCL underwent 18F-FDG scans at baseline and before 3 cycles of a rituximab-containing chemotherapy regimen. The Visual Deauville score (DS) and changes in maximum standard uptake values (ΔSUVmax) were calculated for tracer for the predominant lesion of each patient, for prediction of progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) using Kaplan-Meier method and COX regression.@*RESULTS@#The median follow-up period was 71 months. Receiver operating characteristic analysis indicated that the best ΔSUV cut-off values for FDG (ΔSUVFDG) was 71%. The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of DS and ΔSUVmax were 86.9%, 74.3%, 82.8% and 77.8%, 63.5%, 73.1%, respectively in response assessment. Kaplan-Meier analysis showed DS, ΔSUVmax and IPI had significance for prediction of PFS and OS (P = 0.001). The DS 4-5 and IPI 3-5 were independent risk factors of poor prognosis by COX regression analysis.@*CONCLUSION@#Interim PET/CT is important predictor for evaluation therapeutic response and prognosis in DLBCL patients.


Subject(s)
Disease-Free Survival , Fluorodeoxyglucose F18 , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Positron Emission Tomography Computed Tomography , Prognosis
4.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-905099

ABSTRACT

Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) can directly and quantitatively analyze tissue metabolism. In the field of rehabilitation, it has been used in the prognosis of spinal cord injury, and observation of the metabolic changes after injury; in the diagnosis of stroke, cognitive dysfunction assessment, and dystonia mechanism research; exploring the rehabilitation mechanism of Parkinson's disease. It can be used in tumors for auxiliary diagnosis of prostate cancer and brain tumors. In addition, it can be used to assess the severity and prognosis of heat stroke, and to study the pathogenesis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy and multiple system atrophy. It was found in the animal experiments that it can optimize the experimental design. With the development of advanced shimming algorithms and other technologies, the limitations of MRS will be gradually broken.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702528

ABSTRACT

Objective To study the dynamic changes of the intestinal function of neurogenic bowel dysfunction rats caused by spi-nal cord injury using X-ray radiography. Methods Twenty-four female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into control group (n=12) and spinal cord injury group (n=12). The T10spinal cord injury model was established using aneurysm clip (70 grams calibration force) for 60 seconds. The control group exposed the dura only. X-ray Barium was used to observe the dynamic changes of in-testinal function, and HE staining was used to observe the pathology of the colon before and four weeks after modeling. Results Compared with the control group, gastric emptying and intestinal transit function significantly reduced in the spinal cord injury group (P<0.05). Conclusion The spinal cord injury model can be successfully duplicated with aneurysm clip in rats; neurogenic bowel dysfunction occurs after spinal cord injury, gastric emptying and intestinal transit function are weakened.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702505

ABSTRACT

Neurogenic bowel dysfunction is one of the most common complications of spinal cord injury.It can cause abdominal distension,constipation,fecal incontinence,difficult defecation,prolonged defecation and other symptoms.At present, neurogenic bowel dysfunction is mainly evaluated through general condition,physical examination,experimental exami-nation,professional scales and intestinal microbiota,etc.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-702501

ABSTRACT

Acute spinal cord injury(ASCI)can be divided into primary injury and secondary injury.Spinal cord edema is important for the development of secondary injury after ASCI.Spinal cord edema can be mainly divided into cytotoxic edema and angioedema.The application of dehydrating agents in the treatment of acute spinal cord injury is obvious.This article de-scribed the application of mannitol,hypertonic saline,glycerol fructose,furosemide,human serum albumin,resveratrol and other dehydrating agents in the treatment of ASCI.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-263341

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of (18)F-FLT positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) in diagnosis and staging of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) patients and compare with CT. Thirty-six patients with DLBCL in our hospital from September 2008 to December 2009 were prospectively evaluated. All 36 patients underwent whole body and head (18)F-FLT PET/CT and CT (chest, abdomen cavity and pelvis) were studied before therapy. The maximal standardized uptake value (SUV(max)) of every single focus and the SUV(max) of aortic arch blood pool were measured and used to calculate the median T/MB value (tumor SUV(max)/mediastinal SUV(max)) of every patient. The results showed that the consistency of (18)F-FLT PET/CT and CT examinations in focus of DLBCL was 79.10%, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and accurate rate of (18)F-FLT PET/CT were 96.65%, 100%, 100%, 61.11% and 96.82%, respectively, which were much higher than that of CT (85.44%, 57.14%, 96.70%, 21.05% and 83.64%). It is concluded that the (18)F-FLT PET/CT is a good means for DLBCL diagnosis and staging, which is more sensitive and specific than CT.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Female , Humans , Lymphoma, Large B-Cell, Diffuse , Diagnostic Imaging , Pathology , Male , Middle Aged , Multimodal Imaging , Neoplasm Staging , Positron-Emission Tomography , Sensitivity and Specificity , Tomography, X-Ray Computed , Young Adult
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-643092

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the imaging characteristics of both intra- and extrathoracic sarcoidosis on 18F-FDG PET/CT.Methods From 2007 Aug.to 2009 Nov.,22 patients( 10 males,12 females) with sarcoidosis,confirmed by pathological study and clinical follow-up,underwent 18 F-FDG PET/CT imaging.The imaging patterns of intrathoracic and extrathoracic lesions were analyzed.The patterns were classified as the typical or atypical ( symmetrical or asymmetrical FDG accumulation and enlargement of hilar lymph nodes) based on PET and CT separately.Nonparametric McNemar test,independent t-test and Fisher exact test were applied for statistical analysis.Results For typical pattern vs atypical pattem identification,PET was significantly different from CT ( 18 and 4 vs 12 and 10,P =0.031 ).In those with atypical pattern demonstrated by CT alone at hilar region,PET showed either symmetrical or asymmetrical accumulation of FDG.Except for mediastinal lymph nodes involvement,lung parenchyma was the second common site ( 19/22,86.4% ),followed by lymph nodes at abdomen and (or) pelvis ( 12/22,54.5% ).Conclusion The imaging characteristics of both intra- and extrathoracic sarcoidosis on 18F-FDG PET/CT may be helpful for the diagnosis of atypical sarcoidosis on CT image alone.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-642464

ABSTRACT

Objective To evaluate the automatic synthesis of 18F-labeled cyclic RGD peptide c(RGDyK)and its biological distribution in the tumor-bearing mice. Methods N-succinimidyl-4-18 F-fluorobenzoate (18F-SFB) was automatically synthesized and then re-dissolved in acetonitrile (MeCN). The cyclic RGD peptide c(RGDyK) was mixed with an hydrous DMSO and N, N-diisopropyl ethylamine (DIPEA). 18F-FBRGD was obtained by the reaction of peptide solution with 18 F-SFB. The final product was purified by HPLC gradient separation system and solid-phase extraction method. The biodistribution study and competition test of N-4-18F- fluorobenzoyl-RGD (18F-FB-RGD) in the tumor-bearing mice was performed. Results The labeling yield of 18 F-FB-RGD was (33.6 ± 3.5)%. The synthesis time was 110 min. The radiochemical purity was more than 98%. The tumor uptake of 18F-FB-RGD was (3.43 ±0.15), (2.61 ±0.14), (2.11 ±0.13), and (1.79 ±0.18) %ID/g, respectively, at 30, 60, 90 and 120 min after injection. The ratio of tumor to muscle activity ranged from 4.26 ±0.69 to 5.80 ±0.78. The tumor uptake decreased dramatically after RGD blockage. The uptake was (0.46 ±0.21) %ID/g and (2.87 ±0.59) %ID/g in the blocked and unblocked mice, respectively, at 60 min after blockage. Conclusions 18 F-FB-RGD can be automatically synthesized and it may become a promising tumor imaging agent.

11.
Chinese Journal of Biotechnology ; (12): 161-165, 2007.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-325400

ABSTRACT

Previous methods used for nuclear transplantation were further investigated to develop a method that was both easy to carryout and did not require any special apparatus, such as Piezoimpact or Spindle-View. Following the puncture of zona pellucida with two holes by injection pipette that contained donor nuclei or cells, the injection pipette was pulled back to the perivitelline space while the negative pressure was increased in the holding pipette until the polar body and karyoplasm were wiped off completely. Then a reconstructed embryo was completed by the direct injection of the donor nucleus or cell without pulling out the injection pipette. 200 oocytes were manipulated using this method and it cost about 40 seconds with nucleus injection and about 30 seconds with cell injection to complete a reconstructed embryo. The success rates were 62.6% and 86. 0%, respectively, and enucleation rate was about 73.3% validated by Hoechst 33342. Using this method, the nucleus was completely eliminated and another was injected using the microscope and micromanipulator. Moreover, the efficiency of nuclear transplantation and survival rate of reconstructed embryos were greatly improved. Furthermore, it is very easy to manipulate and popularize in practice.


Subject(s)
Animals , Cell Culture Techniques , Methods , Cell Nucleus , Metabolism , Cells, Cultured , Cloning, Organism , Methods , Embryo, Mammalian , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Embryonic Development , Female , Male , Mice , Mice, Inbred C57BL , Mice, Inbred DBA , Mice, Inbred Strains , Nuclear Transfer Techniques , Oocytes , Cell Biology , Metabolism , Zona Pellucida , Metabolism
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