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1.
Journal of the Korean Dysphagia Society ; (2): 77-106, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1001658

ABSTRACT

Objective@#Dysphagia is a common clinical condition characterized by difficulty in swallowing. It is sub-classified into oropharyngeal dysphagia, which refers to problems in the mouth and pharynx, and esophageal dysphagia, which refers to problems in the esophageal body and esophagogastric junction. Dysphagia can have a significant negative impact one’s physical health and quality of life as its severity increases. Therefore, proper assessment and management of dysphagia are critical for improving swallowing function and preventing complications. Thus a guideline was developed to provide evidence-based recommendations for assessment and management in patients with dysphagia. @*Methods@#Nineteen key questions on dysphagia were developed. These questions dealt with various aspects of problems related to dysphagia, including assessment, management, and complications. A literature search for relevant articles was conducted using Pubmed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and one domestic database of KoreaMed, until April 2021. The level of evidence and recommendation grade were established according to the Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development and Evaluation methodology. @*Results@#Early screening and assessment of videofluoroscopic swallowing were recommended for assessing the presence of dysphagia. Therapeutic methods, such as tongue and pharyngeal muscle strengthening exercises and neuromuscular electrical stimulation with swallowing therapy, were effective in improving swallowing function and quality of life in patients with dysphagia. Nutritional intervention and an oral care program were also recommended. @*Conclusion@#This guideline presents recommendations for the assessment and management of patients with oropharyngeal dysphagia, including rehabilitative strategies.

2.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 291-307, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999866

ABSTRACT

The Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics created a task force to establish clinical practice guidelines for the use of botulinum toxin (BT) in otolaryngology. We selected 10 disease categories: spasmodic dysphonia, essential vocal tremor, vocal fold granuloma, bilateral vocal fold paralysis, Frey’s syndrome, sialocele, sialorrhea, cricopharyngeal dysfunction, chronic sialadenitis, and first bite syndrome. To retrieve all relevant papers, we searched the CORE databases with predefined search strategies, including Medline (PubMed), Embase, the Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed. The committee reported 13 final recommendations with detailed evidence profiles. The guidelines are primarily aimed at all clinicians applying BT to the head and neck area. In addition, the guidelines aim to promote an improved understanding of the safe and effective use of BT by policymakers and counselors, as well as in patients scheduled to receive BT injections.

3.
Journal of Movement Disorders ; : 86-90, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-967590

ABSTRACT

Objective@#The International Cooperative Ataxia Rating Scale (ICARS) is a semiquantitative clinical scale for ataxia that is widely used in numerous countries. The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Korean-translated version of the ICARS. @*Methods@#Eighty-eight patients who presented with cerebellar ataxia were enrolled. We investigated the construct validity using exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). We also investigated the internal consistency using Cronbach’s α and intrarater and interrater reliability using intraclass correlation coefficients. @*Results@#The Korean-translated ICARS showed satisfactory construct validity using EFA and CFA. It also revealed good interrater and intrarater reliability and showed acceptable internal consistency. However, subscale 4 for assessing oculomotor disorder showed moderate internal consistency. @*Conclusion@#This is the first report to investigate the validity and reliability of the Korean-translated ICARS. Our results showed excellent construct and convergent validity. The reliability is also acceptable.

4.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 340-360, 2020.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-831338

ABSTRACT

The Korean Society of Laryngology, Phoniatrics and Logopedics appointed a task force to establish clinical practice guidelines for the management of unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). These guidelines cover a comprehensive range of management-related factors, including the diagnosis and treatment of UVFP, and provide in-depth information based on current, up-to-date knowledge. Detailed evidence profiles are provided for each recommendation. The CORE databases, including OVID Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed, were searched to identify all relevant papers, using a predefined search strategy. When insufficient evidence existed, expert opinions and Delphi questionnaires were used to fill the evidence gap. The committee developed 16 evidence-based recommendations in six categories: initial evaluation (R1–4), spontaneous recovery (R5), medical treatment (R6), surgical treatment (R7–14), voice therapy (R15), and aspiration prevention (R16). The goal of these guidelines is to assist general otolaryngologists and speech-language pathologists who are primarily responsible for treating patients with UVFP. These guidelines are also intended to facilitate understanding of the condition among other health-care providers, including primary care physicians, nurses, and policy-makers.

5.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 107-144, 2019.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-763307

ABSTRACT

Korean Society of Thyroid-Head and Neck Surgery appointed a Task Force to provide guidance on the implementation of a surgical treatment of oral cancer. MEDLINE databases were searched for articles on subjects related to “surgical management of oral cancer” published in English. Results were restricted to systematic reviews, randomized control trials/controlled clinical trials, and observational studies. The quality of evidence was rated with use RoBANS (Risk of Bias Assessment Tool for Nonrandomized Studies) and AMSTAR (A Measurement Tool to Assess the Methodological Quality of Systematic Reviews). Evidence-based recommendations for practice were ranked according to the American College of Physicians grading system. Additional directives are provided as expert opinions and Delphi questionnaire when insufficient evidence existed. The Committee developed 68 evidence-based recommendations in 34 categories intended to assist clinicians and patients and counselors, and health policy-makers. Proper surgical treatment selection for oral cancer, which is directed by patient- and subsite-specific factors, remains the greatest predictor of successful treatment outcomes. These guidelines are intended for use in conjunction with the individual patient's treatment goals.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Bias , Carcinoma, Squamous Cell , Counseling , Expert Testimony , Mouth Neoplasms , Neck , Republic of Korea
6.
Cancer Research and Treatment ; : 405-415, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-713892

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a Korean version of the self-reported thyroid-specific quality of life (QoL) questionnaire for thyroid cancer patients (KT-QoL), and to evaluate its reliability and validity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two hundred seventy-two patients who underwent thyroidectomy from January to December 2010 were recruited in this study. The original version of the thyroid QoL was translated into Korean and evaluated for its reliability and validity. Using the developed KT-QoL, the postoperative QoL was evaluated until postoperative 1 year. RESULTS: At the preoperative baseline, the item internal consistency (IIC) ranged from −0.19 to 0.76, with low IIC values for items 2, 17, and 27. Item discriminant validity ranged from 86% to 97%. These values were similar at the postoperative periods. The internal consistency reliability (Cronbach's α) was high for all dimensions, ranging from 0.90 to 0.95. The test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient) was acceptable (0.74-0.82). The external validity examined by the correlation between the item 1j (voice changes) of KT-QoL and the voice handicap index-30 ranged from 0.51 to 0.75. Patients' QoL scores decreased after surgery, which demonstrated the sensitivity of the questionnaire. The QoL scores in patients with lobectomy showed best QoL scores postoperatively and those with receiving radioactive iodine still showed decreased QoL scores along the postoperative periods. CONCLUSION: These results demonstrate that KT-QoL is a valid instrument for evaluating QoL of Korean patients with thyroid cancer.


Subject(s)
Humans , Iodine , Postoperative Period , Quality of Life , Reproducibility of Results , Surveys and Questionnaires , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Thyroidectomy , Voice
7.
Endocrinology and Metabolism ; : 278-286, 2018.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-715507

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: The ongoing Multicenter Prospective Cohort Study of Active Surveillance on Papillary Thyroid Microcarcinoma (MAeSTro) aims to observe the natural course of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma (PTMC), develop a protocol for active surveillance (AS), and compare the long-term prognosis, quality of life, and medical costs between the AS and immediate surgery groups. METHODS: This multicenter prospective cohort study of PTMC started in June 2016. The inclusion criteria were suspicious of malignancy or malignancy based on fine needle aspiration or core needle biopsy, age of ≥18 years, and a maximum diameter of ≤1 cm. If there was no major organ involvement, no lymph node/distant metastasis, and no variants with poor prognosis, the patients were explained of the pros and cons of immediate surgery and AS before selecting AS or immediate surgery. Follow-up visits (physical examination, ultrasonography, thyroid function, and questionnaires) are scheduled every 6 months during the first 2 years, and then every 1 year thereafter. Progression was defined as a maximum diameter increase of ≥3, ≥2 mm in two dimensions, suspected organ involvement, or lymph node/distant metastasis. RESULTS: Among 439 enrolled patients, 290 patients (66.1%) chose AS and 149 patients (33.9%) chose immediate surgery. The median follow-up was 6.7 months (range, 0.2 to 11.9). The immediate surgery group had a larger maximum tumor diameter, compared to the AS group (7.1±1.9 mm vs. 6.6±2.0 mm, respectively; P=0.014). CONCLUSION: The results will be useful for developing an appropriate PTMC treatment policy based on its natural course and risk factors for progression.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Biopsy, Large-Core Needle , Cohort Studies , Follow-Up Studies , Neoplasm Metastasis , Prognosis , Prospective Studies , Quality of Life , Risk Factors , Thyroid Gland , Thyroid Neoplasms , Ultrasonography
9.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 1-43, 2017.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-66664

ABSTRACT

Korean Society of Thyroid-Head and Neck Surgery appointed a Task Force to develop clinical practice guidelines for the surgical treatment of laryngeal cancer. This Task Force conducted a systematic search of the EMBASE, MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and KoreaMed databases to identify relevant articles, using search terms selected according to the key questions. Evidence-based recommendations were then created on the basis of these articles. An external expert review and Delphi questionnaire were applied to reach consensus regarding the recommendations. The resulting guidelines focus on the surgical treatment of laryngeal cancer with the assumption that surgery is the selected treatment modality after a multidisciplinary discussion in any context. These guidelines do not, therefore, address non-surgical treatment such as radiation therapy or chemotherapy. The committee developed 62 evidence-based recommendations in 32 categories intended to assist clinicians during management of patients with laryngeal cancer and patients with laryngeal cancer, and counselors and health policy-makers.


Subject(s)
Humans , Advisory Committees , Consensus , Counseling , Drug Therapy , Glottis , Laryngeal Neoplasms , Neck
10.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 363-366, 2016.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-179061

ABSTRACT

A 70-year-old woman underwent cardiopulmonary bypass surgery for aorta dissection. After 10 days she developed a vertical gaze palsy, and 2 months later she presented with dysarthria, bradykinesia, postural instability, blepharospasm, and truncal tilt to the left. Brain imaging indicated old lacunes in the bilateral thalamus. Her symptoms remained unchanged during a 4-year follow-up, which seems to be incompatible with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). However, the clinical features of this case were suggestive of PSP-like syndrome after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Aorta , Blepharospasm , Cardiopulmonary Bypass , Dysarthria , Follow-Up Studies , Hypokinesia , Neuroimaging , Paralysis , Parkinsonian Disorders , Supranuclear Palsy, Progressive , Thalamus
11.
Anesthesia and Pain Medicine ; : 220-223, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-52550

ABSTRACT

Hypoglossal nerve palsy after general anesthesia is an exceptionally rare complication, which has varied etiology. We present a case of unilateral hypoglossal nerve palsy resulting from repeated airway intervention for general anesthesia. A 57-year-old woman was scheduled to undergo modified radical mastectomy. During endotracheal intubation, the patient had Cormack's grade III-a severe airway condition. After the first intubation attempt failed, the intubation was attempted a second time using a stylet inside the endotracheal tube with cricoid pressure; this attempt was successful. In the evening of the operation day, the patient complained of dysarthria and dysphagia. Physical examination revealed deviation of the tongue to the right, which may have been caused by traumatic hypoglossal nerve injury. This case reviews the pathophysiology, prevention, and management of hypoglossal nerve palsy.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anesthesia, General , Deglutition Disorders , Dysarthria , Hypoglossal Nerve Diseases , Hypoglossal Nerve Injuries , Hypoglossal Nerve , Intubation , Intubation, Intratracheal , Mastectomy, Modified Radical , Paralysis , Physical Examination , Tongue
12.
Korean Journal of Anesthesiology ; : 93-96, 2016.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-64783

ABSTRACT

Arytenoid dislocation is an unusual complication of endotracheal intubation. We reported a case of a 48-year-old female with arytenoid dislocation after uneventful endotracheal intubation, which was successfully treated with arytenoid reduction. The patient complained of persistent hoarseness until the fourth day after an uneventful gynecologic surgery under general anesthesia. On laryngoscopic examination, paralyzed left vocal cord with minimal arytenoid movement was observed. An anteromedial dislocation of the left arytenoid cartilage was suspected and surgical reduction was performed by the laryngologist. The hoarseness was immediately resolved after surgical intervention. Anesthesiologists should be careful not to cause laryngeal trauma in anesthetized patients. In addition, early diagnosis and prompt surgical reduction are essential for a better prognosis for arytenoid dislocation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Middle Aged , Anesthesia, General , Arytenoid Cartilage , Joint Dislocations , Early Diagnosis , Gynecologic Surgical Procedures , Hoarseness , Intubation , Intubation, Intratracheal , Prognosis , Vocal Cords
13.
Journal of the Korean Neurological Association ; : 355-357, 2015.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-206086

ABSTRACT

No abstract available.


Subject(s)
Cranial Irradiation , Leukoencephalopathies , Parkinsonian Disorders
14.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 144-148, 2013.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-649311

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Fibromatosis is an uncommon soft tissue mass lesion that can occur in all anatomic sites. Fibromatoses arising in the head and neck region comprises of approximately 5% of all fibromatoses, which is associated with an infiltrative growth pattern and thus results in difficulty in complete excision. The authors investigate the clinical characteristics of head and neck fibromatoses. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: Six cases of head and neck fibromatoses were analyzed from 1989 to 2011. The imaging and pathologicfindings, surgical management, and clinicaloutcomes were evaluated. RESULTS: Painless mass effect was the most common symptom. The accuracy of diagnostic tools including computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging and fine needle aspiration biopsy were under 50%. Recurrence was observed in two patients who had undergone surgical excision during follow-up. Salvage surgery was performed in these patients. CONCLUSION: The aggressive excision of head and neck fibromatosis cannot be achieved easily. Vigilant follow-up with or without conservative surgical excision results in good disease control. Radiotherapy can be applied for inoperable or margin positive cases considering age or performance of patient.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biopsy , Biopsy, Fine-Needle , Fibroma , Follow-Up Studies , Head , Magnetic Resonance Imaging , Neck , Recurrence
15.
Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology ; : 204-206, 2011.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-11462

ABSTRACT

Primary synovial sarcoma of the thyroid is an extremely rare condition which has only been reported twice in the literature. We herein report a case of highly aggressive and rapidly lethal primary synovial sarcoma of the thyroid. A 72-year-old woman presented with extensive local invasion, rapid progression, and early distant metastasis secondary to primary thyroid synovial sarcoma. The tumor exhibited an atypical histologic and immunohistochemical staining pattern. Detection of SYT/SSX fusion transcript confirmed the diagnosis of synovial sarcoma. Due to the aggressive nature of primary synovial sarcoma of the thyroid gland, early diagnosis and comprehensive treatment including wide resection and postoperative chemoradiation is required.


Subject(s)
Aged , Female , Humans , Early Diagnosis , Neoplasm Metastasis , Sarcoma, Synovial , Thyroid Gland
16.
Korean Journal of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery ; : 221-226, 2008.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-654326

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUD AND OBJECTIVES: Incus erosion with intact stapes head was most common ossicular impairment in chronic otitis media. Here, we aimed to investigate hearing and clinical results of the ossiculoplasties when the stapes head was intact. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: We analyzed 281 patients of ossiculoplasties over stapes head performed from 1990 to 2005. Patients were divided into 3 groups: Si group (n=121) included patients with interposition of prosthesis between malleus and stapes; Sc-PORP group (n=99) included patients with columellarization between tympanic membrane and stapes head with PORP; Sc-SC group (n=61) included patients with columellarization with the autologous materials between tympanic membrane and stapes head. Hearing improvement and extrusion rates of three groups were analyzed. RESULTS: At 6 months after the surgery, the postoperative air-bone gap (ABG) level within 20 dB was 45%, 44%, 25% in Si, Sc-PORP, Sc-Sc, respectively. The closure of ABG was statistically better in Si and Sc-PORP compared with Sc-SC. In canal wall-up mastoidectomy, Sc-PORP showed better hearing results than Si, while Si was better than Sc-PORP in canal wall-down mastoidectomy. At 36 months after the surgery, extrusion-free survival according to the type of ossiculoplasty were 100%, 89.6%, 100% in Si, Sc-PORP, Sc-SC, respectively. CONCLUSION: Si and Sc-PORP provide good hearing results. However, Si has lower extrusion rates than Sc-PORP and remains stable over time.


Subject(s)
Humans , Head , Hearing , Incus , Malleus , Ossicular Prosthesis , Ossicular Replacement , Otitis Media , Prostheses and Implants , Stapes , Tympanic Membrane
17.
Journal of Rhinology ; : 88-91, 2007.
Article in Korean | WPRIM | ID: wpr-171129

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study are to investigate the incidence and characteristics of nasal obstruction and their association with the types and direction of external deviation among patients with a deviated nose. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-eight patients with a deviated nose without mucosal diseases in the nose from January 2004 to July 2005 were retrospectively reviewed. The overall incidences of nasal obstruction were assessed. Incidences of nasal obstruction by the types and direction of deviation in the external nose and by the direction of the septal deviation were also assessed. RESULTS: Seventy-two patients (81.8%) were found to suffer from various degrees of nasal obstruction. Left sided obstruction was more dominant irrespective of the direction of external nose. There was no relationship between the dominant sides of nasal obstruction and the type and the direction of the deviation of external nose. Among patients with a linear shaped deviated nose, the septum tends to deviate to the opposite side of the direction of the external nose. CONCLUSION: Nasal obstruction is commonly found among patients with a deviated nose. But not all patients suffer from nasal obstruction. To attain good aesthetic and functional results, a rhinoplastic surgeon should pay particular attention to this common findings among patients with deviated nose.


Subject(s)
Humans , Incidence , Nasal Obstruction , Nose , Retrospective Studies
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