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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-802311

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the mechanism of Sailuotong capsules in treating acute cerebral ischemia from the perspective of metabonomics. Method:A total of 24 SD rats were randomly divided into 3 groups, including sham-operated group, model group and Sailuotong group (33 mg·kg-1). The rat model of acute multiple cerebral infarction was established by injecting fluorescent microspheres into internal carotid artery. After the successful operation, rats in Sailuotong group were administered by duodenal injection immediately, and the dosage volume was 2 mL·kg-1. Endogenous metabolites in rat brain tissues of each group were determined by UPLC-Q-TOF-MS. The relevant data and biomarkers were analyzed by principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares-discriminant analysis (PLS-DA). Result:The analysis of pattern recognition indicated that the metabolite profiles in model group and sham-operated group were separated obviously, and ten biomarkers related to acute cerebral ischemia were also identified. Compared with the sham-operated group, contents of N-acetylaspartate (NAA), fumaric acid, glutathione, dehydroascorbic acid, aspartic acid and S-adenosylhomocysteine were decreased, while the contents of arginine, citrulline, saccharopine and hydantoin-5-propionic acid were increased in the model group. Meanwhile, the ten abnormal biomarkers mentioned above got restoration in Sailuotong group. Conclusion:The main regulated metabolic pathways of Sailuotong capsules are NAA metabolism, arginine metabolism, energy metabolism, oxidative stress, etc.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 575-581, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-779631

ABSTRACT

Tianlongtongxin (TLTX) formula is composed of six Chinese herbs including Rhodiola rosea L., Salviae Miltiorrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Chuanxiong Rhizoma and so on. It has been mainly used in the treatment of chest-Bi syndrome in the clinics. To investigate the material foundation and provide reference for clinical dosage regimen, the pharmacokinetics of seven components in the rat plasma were studied after oral administration of TLTX. A high sensitive method was established to determine the seven active components from TLTX in rat plasma based on the LC-MS/MS technique. The method met the requirements of preclinical pharmacokinetic study, through the investigation of linearity, specificity, recovery, accuracy, precision and stability. After administration of TLTX at 4.5 g·kg-1 dose, all of the components were detectable in the plasma after 5 min. The concentration peaks were observed at 0.11-4.67 h respectively after administration with great difference in levels. The AUC of salidroside was significantly higher than other components, suggesting it as a main active component in TLTX formula. The observations provide scientific evidence for the rationality of salidroside as monarch drug in the formula.

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