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1.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 583-590, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956560

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effects of unilateral secondary puncture percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) in the treatment of type ⅡA acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fractures (ASOTLF).Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 193 patients with type ⅡA ASOTLF who had been admitted to Department of Spine Surgery, Honghui Hospital from February 2016 to October 2018. They were 71 males and 122 females, aged from 65 to 90 years [average, (73.9±4.3) years]. The segments injured were T10 in 21 cases, T11 in 27 cases, T12 in 44 cases, L1 in 48 cases, L2 in 29 cases, L3 in 14 cases, and L4 in 10 cases. Of them, 85 received unilateral secondary puncture PVP (observation group) and 108 did not (control group). The clinical effects were evaluated by comparing between the 2 groups the operation time, bone cement injection volume, intraoperative blood loss, hospital stay, and visual analogue scale (VAS) for back pain, spinal Oswestry disability index (ODI), anterior height of the injured vertebral body (AH) and kyphosis angle (KA) of the injured vertebra before operation, at 3 days after operation and the last follow-up. The bone cement leakage and fracture of adjacent vertebral body were observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 12 to 24 months (average, 15.8 months). There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing they were comparable ( P>0.05). The operation time and bone cement injection volume [(36.2±1.4) min and (5.5±0.7) mL] in the observation group were significantly longer or more than those in the control group [(32.3±1.7) min and (4.0±0.7) mL] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in the hospital stay or intraoperative blood loss between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). The VAS, ODI, AH and KA at 3 days after operation and the last follow-up were significantly improved compared with those before operation in both groups ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in VAS, ODI, AH or KA between the 2 groups before operation or at 3 days after operation ( P>0.05). However, the VAS, ODI, AH and KA at the last follow-up in the observation group [(2.2±0.8) points, 19.2%±5.8%, (2.90±0.21) cm, and 12.2°±1.5°] were better than those in the control group [(3.1±0.9) points, 22.8%±5.3%, (2.41±0.15) cm, and 13.3°±1.2°]. There was no significant difference between the 2 groups in the incidence of postoperative bone cement leakage or that of adjacent vertebral fracture ( P>0.05). Conclusions:In the treatment of type ⅡA ASOTLF, unilateral secondary puncture PVP can result in satisfactory clinical effects, because it effectively promotes dispersion of bone cement and prevents re-collapse of the vertebra operated but does not increase the risks of bone cement leakage and adjacent vertebral fracture.

2.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma ; (12): 429-435, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932350

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effects between cannulated screwing and plating in combination with interlocking intramedullary nailing for the treatment of ipsilateral discontinuous fractures of the tibial shaft and plateau.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed of the clinical data of 34 patients who had been treated for ipsilateral discontinuous fractures of the tibial shaft and plateau at Department of Orthopedics and Trauma, Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to January 2020. There were 17 males and 17 females, aged from 26 to 60 years (average, of 43.6 years). The left side was affected in 18 cases and the right side in 16. The patients were divided into 2 groups according to their internal fixation methods: a cannulated screw group of 16 cases treated with cannulated screwing and intramedullary nailing and a plate group of 18 cases treated with plating and intramedullary nailing. The 2 groups were compared in terms of operation time, intraoperative blood loss, incision length, tibial plateau collapse, consumables cost, hospital stay, fracture healing time, weight-bearing time, range of knee motion, reduction of tibial plateau fracture by Rasmussen radiology, Lysholm knee function score at the last follow-up and complications.Results:There was no significant difference in the preoperative general data between the 2 groups, showing the 2 groups were comparable ( P>0.05). All the 34 patients were followed up for 12 to 28 months (average, 17.4 months). There was no significant difference either in operation time, hospital stay, tibial plateau healing time, tibial fracture healing time, weight-bearing time or range of knee motion between the 2 groups ( P>0.05). In the cannulated screw group, the intraoperative blood loss [(89.4 ± 14.5) mL] and consumables cost [(2.0 ± 0.2) ten thousand yuan] were significantly less than those in the plate group [(120.8 ± 22.1) mL and (2.6 ± 0.4) ten thousand yuan], the incision length [(4.1 ± 0.8) cm] was significantly shorter than that in the plate group [(7.1 ± 0.9) cm], and the Lysholm knee function score at the last follow-up [(89.8 ± 4.5) points] was significantly lower than that in the plate group [(93.0 ± 4.2 points] (all P<0.05). The difference was statistically significant between the 2 groups in the quality of tibial plateau reduction ( P<0.05). The postoperative tibial plateau collapse in the plate group [0.5 (0, 2) mm] was insignificantly less than that in the cannulated screw group [1.0 (0, 2) mm] ( P>0.05). In the cannulated screw group, one tibial shaft fracture did not achieve union after operation and deep vein thrombosis occurred in 2 cases after operation; in the plate group, 2 cases suffered from delayed wound healing, one from delayed fracture healing, one from deep venous thrombosis of lower extremity, and one from knee discomfort which was relieved after removal of internal fixation. Conclusions:In the treatment of ipsilateral discontinuous fractures of tibial shaft and plateau, both cannulated screwing and plating in combination with interlocking intramedullary nailing can achieve good clinical effects. Although plating in combination with intramedullary nailing lead to more severe trauma and higher costs, it is conducive to improving the reduction quality of the tibial plateau and postoperative functional recovery of the knee joint.

3.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 253-259, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932235

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of femoral neck system (FNS) and cannulated screw fixation in the treatment of femoral neck fracture in the young and middle-aged patients.Methods:A retrospective cohort study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 76 young and middle-aged patients with femoral neck fracture admitted to Honghui Hospital Affiliated to Xi′an Jiaotong University from March 2018 to September 2020, including 45 males and 31 females, aged 23-63 years [(49.5±8.2)years]. Garden classification of the fracture was 25 patients with type II, 34 with type III and 17 with type IV. Pauwels classification of the fracture was 16 patients with type I, 31 with type II and 29 with type III. A total of 40 patients were treated with cannulated screw fixation (cannulated screw group) and 36 patients with FNS fixation (FNS group). Operation time, frequency of fluoroscopy, length of hospital stay, weight-bearing time and bone union time were compared between the two groups. Hip function was assessed by Harris hip score at 6, 12 months after operation. The incidence of postoperative complications was observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-20 months [(15.2±1.7)months]. The frequency of fluoroscopy [(13.4±1.9)times], weight-bearing time [(11.1±1.9)weeks] and bone union time [(13.8±1.6)weeks] in FNS group were lower or shorter than those in cannulated screw group [(18.2±2.6)times, (15.7±1.6)weeks, (14.6±1.6)weeks] (all P<0.05 or 0.01). There were no significant differences in operation time, length of hospital stay and Harris hip score at 6, 12 months after operation between the two groups (all P>0.05). No postoperative infection occurred in both groups. In cannulated screw group, there were 4 patients with femoral neck shortening, 3 with deep venous thrombosis, 2 with internal fixation loosening, 2 with nail withdrawal and 1 with fracture non-union, showing the incidence of complications of 30% (12/40). In FNS group, there was 2 patients with femoral neck shortening, 1 with deep vein thrombosis and 1 with internal fixation loosening, showing the incidence of complications of 11% (4/36) ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For femoral neck fracture in the young and middle-aged patients, both FNS and cannulated screw fixation can obtain satisfactory efficacy, but FNS has the advantages of decreased frequency of intraoperative fluoroscopy, early weight bearing, reduced time to bone union and low incidence of complications.

4.
Chinese Journal of Medical Education Research ; (12): 442-446, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-931420

ABSTRACT

Objective:To discuss the practice and application of "artificial intelligence + big data" in the construction of thoracic surgery golden course.Methods:The intern students of the Department of Thoracic Surgery in Harbin Medical University Cancer Hospital were selected as the research objects, and they were randomly divided into 2 groups with 36 cases in each group. The control group was taught with regular courses, and the observation group was taught by the golden course system under "artificial intelligence + big data". After the course, self-made assessment forms were used to assess the academic performance (theoretical knowledge assessment results and skill operation assessment results) of the two groups of medical students. The excellent and good rate of knowledge mastery and the mastery of clinical operation techniques were scored by the teachers, and the evaluation was made from the aspects of learning attitude, the mastery degree of theoretical knowledge and clinical operational techniques, etc. In addition, self-made innovative thinking ability scale was used to assess the medical students. SPSS 22.0 was used for independent samples t test and chi-square test. Results:There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups of theoretical knowledge assessment scores and skill operation assessment scores before the teaching; after the course, the theoretical knowledge assessment scores and skill operation assessment scores of the control group were higher than those before the teaching, with statistically significant differences ( t=5.37, 4.17, P<0.05). After the course, the theoretical knowledge assessment scores and skill operation assessment scores of the observation group were higher than those before the teaching, with significant differences ( t=10.93, 8.24, P<0.05). The results of theoretical knowledge assessment and skill operation assessment in the observation group were significantly higher than those in the control group after the course ( t=7.10, 5.77, P<0.05). In the control group, 17 cases were excellent in knowledge mastery, accounting for 47.22%, and the rate of knowledge mastery was 83.33% (30/36); in the observation group, 26 cases were excellent in knowledge mastery, accounting for 72.22%, and the excellent and good rate of knowledge mastery was 100% (36/36), and the difference was statistically significant ( χ2=4.55, P=0.033). After the course, the innovative thinking ability of the control group was higher than that before the teaching, the innovative thinking ability of the observation group was higher than that before the teaching, and the innovative thinking ability of the observation group was higher than that of the control group, and the difference was statistically significant ( t=7.07, P<0.001). Conclusion:The use of the "artificial intelligence + big data" golden course to build a teaching system can improve the academic performance, knowledge mastery and innovative thinking ability of medical students.

5.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 62-67,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882440

ABSTRACT

Spinal tuberculosis is one of the common causes of severe kyphosis. The formation of spinal tuberculosis kyphosis is multi-factors, including age at the time of infection, the cumulative number of segments, the height of vertebral body loss before treatment, and "spine danger signs" . Although the use of anti-tuberculosis drugs has achieved good results, for patients with spinal tuberculosis cured by drug treatment, the kyphosis will continue to progress and gradually develop into a severe kyphosis. Then there are a series of problems such as appearance, psychology, rib-pelvic impingement, cardiopulmonary dysfunction, and nerve and spinal cord compression. The X-ray signs of the height of the vertebral body loss and "spine danger signs" before treatment can help predict the severity of future deformities. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the formation of kyphosis of spinal tuberculosis and individualized selection of surgical methods according to the specific conditions of the disease as soon as possible can effectively prevent the formation of kyphosis and reduce the incidence of neurological damage and delayed paralysis.

6.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 1090-1098, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909981

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy of metaphyseal expansion and non-expansion when using proximal femoral nail antirotation(PFNA)in the treatment of severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture in the elderly.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 66 elderly patients with severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2019 to January 2020, including 49 males and 17 females. The age ranged from 75 to 89 years[(80.9±3.3)years]. The AO types of fractures were 31-A1 in 23 patients, 31-A2 in 22 and 31-A3 in 21. A total of 34 patients were stabilized by the PFNA technique with metaphyseal expansion(metaphyseal expansion group)and 32 patients received PFNA fixation without metaphyseal expansion(metaphyseal non-expansion group). The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, dominant blood loss, postoperative drainage, transfusion volume, transfusion rate, operation time, hospital stay and fracture healing time were compared between the two groups. The hip functional recovery was assessed by Harris hip score at 1, 3, 6 months postoperatively and at the last follow-up. The incidence of complications was observed.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-17 months[(13.5±1.1)months]. The total blood loss, hidden blood loss, intraoperative blood loss, dominant blood loss, postoperative drainage in metaphyseal expansion group were(976.3±210.1)ml,(712.4±224.4)ml,(139.4±21.0)ml,(263.8±36.3)ml,(124.4±29.5)ml respectively, significantly higher than those in metaphyseal non-expansion group[(799.0±119.5)ml,(603.0±136.4)ml,(94.1±18.8)ml,(195.9±35.4)ml,(101.9±27.5)ml]( P<0.05). The transfusion volume[2(0, 2)U]and transfusion rate[53%(18/34)]in metaphyseal expansion group ware increased compared to metaphyseal non-expansion group[0(0, 1.5)U, 25%(8/32)]( P<0.05). There were no significant differences in operation time, hospital stay, fracture healing time or hip Harris score at 1, 3, 6 months after surgery and the last follow-up between the two groups( P>0.05). No wedge-shaped distraction deformity, fracture nonunion, femoral head necrosis, wound infection, pulmonary embolism or fat embolism occurred in both groups. There was no significant difference in the incidence of iatrogenic lateral wall fracture, lower limb venous thrombosis or postoperative medical complications between the two groups( P>0.05). Conclusion:For elderly patients with severe osteoporotic intertrochanteric fracture, both PFNA with metaphyseal expansion and non-expansion can achieve satisfactory results, while the metaphyseal non-expansion is superior in perioperative blood loss and transfusion rate.

7.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 541-548, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909902

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical efficacy of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) and non-surgical treatment of patients with type I fracture according to the acute symptomatic osteoporotic thoracolumbar fracture (ASOTLF) classification.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was used to analyze the clinical data of 115 patients with ASOTLF admitted to Honghui Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to December 2018. There were 48 males and 67 females, aged 65-92 years [(75.3±8.5)years]. According to clinical symptoms and imaging characteristics, all patients were identified with type I fracture according to the ASOTLF classification. Injury segments were at T 6 to T 10 in 10 patients, at T 11 in 15, at T 12 in 26, at L 1 in 34, ay L 2 in 18, at L 3 in 7, and at L 4 in 5. A total of 73 patients received PVP combined with anti-osteoporosis treatment (surgery group), and 42 patients received non-surgery combined anti-osteoporosis treatment (non-surgery group). Before treatment, at 1 day, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months after treatment, and at the last follow-up, the visual analogue scale (VAS) was used to assess the pain, the Roland Morris Disability (RMD) score to assess the spinal function, and the Quality of Life Questionnaire of the European Foundation for Osteoporosis (QUALEFFO) score to evaluate the quality of life. The bone mineral density was compared between groups before treatment and at 1 year after treatment. The complications were observed as well. Results:All patients were followed up for 12-18 months [(13.2±4.6)months]. At 1 day, 1 month, and 3 months after treatment, the VAS in surgery group [(3.9±0.6)points, (3.3±0.6)points, (2.9±0.3)points] was significantly lower than that in non-surgery group [(6.0±0.7)points, (5.0±0.8)points, (4.2±1.0)points, respectively] (all P<0.05); the RMD score in surgery group [(15.2±0.7)points, (12.6±0.7)points, (10.6±0.7)points] was significantly lower than that in non-surgery group [(16.4±0.8)points, (14.6±0.8)points, (12.7±0.6)points, respectively] (all P<0.05). At 1 day and 1 month after treatment, the QUALEFFO score in surgery group [(46.0±1.1)points, (41.4±0.8)points] was lower than that in non-surgery group [(50.3±0.8)points, (44.7±1.2)points] (all P<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the two groups at other time points of the above indicators ( P>0.05). At 1 year after treatment, the bone mineral density in surgery group was (-3.0±0.9)SD, and was (-2.8±1.1)SD in non-surgery group ( P>0.05). There was no significant difference in the incidence of complications between surgery group [37%(27/73)] and non-surgery group [33%(14/42)] ( P>0.05). Conclusion:For patients with ASOTLF type I fracture, PVP and non-surgical treatment has similar effects in anti-osteoporosis and occurrence of complications, but the PVP is superior to non-surgical treatment in early pain relief, spinal function improvement and quality of life.

8.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 437-442, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909888

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the clinical effect of combined anterior and posterior approach and posterior median approach to treat O'Driscoll type III b fracture of ulnar coronoid process.Methods:A retrospective case control study was made on 67 patients with O'Driscoll type III b fracture of ulnar coronoid process treated in Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from January 2015 to January 2019, including 35 males and 32 females, aged from 21 to 61 years [(38.0±9.4)years]. Among them, 31 patients were treated with combined anterior and posterior approach for reduction and internal fixation (combined approach group), and 36 patients with median posterior elbow approach group for reduction and internal fixation (posterior elbow approach group). The operation time, amount of intraoperative blood loss and fracture healing time were compared between groups. The visual analogue score (VAS), elbow joint range of motion and Mayo elbow performance score (MEPS) were assessed for pain and function evaluation at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and at the last follow-up. The occurrence of complications were observed as well.Results:All patients were followed up for 12 to 28 months [(20.1±4.2)months]. There was no significant difference in operation time and VAS between the two groups ( P>0.05). The intraoperative blood loss [(133.6±20.3)ml] and fracture healing time [(12.3±1.7)months] in combined approach group were less or shorter than those in posterior elbow approach group [(144.4±22.1)ml, (13.2±2.0)months] ( P<0.05). The range of flexion and extension of elbow joint in combined approach group [(88.7±10.8)°, (111.1±13.9)°, (121.3±14.1)°, (127.1±13.3)°] was higher than that in posterior elbow approach group [(74.5±11.8)°, (97.6±12.6)°, (111.3±13.0)°, (115.2±12.7)°] at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and at the last follow-up ( P<0.05). The MEPS in combined approach group [(31.7±8.6)points, (55.6±9.3)points, (84.6±10.5)points, (85.0±10.3)points] was higher than that in posterior elbow approach group [(27.2±8.2)points, (50.7±8.7)points, (77.4±11.2)points, (80.1±9.4)points] at postoperative 1, 3, 6 months and last follow-up ( P<0.05). The incidence of complications in combined approach group [10%(3/31)] was lower than that in posterior elbow approach group [31%(11/36)]( P<0.05). Conclusion:Compared with the simple posterior elbow median approach, the combined anterior and posterior elbow approach for treatment of O'Driscoll type IIIb fracture of ulnar coronoid process has lower intraoperative blood loss, faster fracture healing, lower incidence of complications and better elbow function.

9.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 318-325, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909872

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical effect of percutaneous vertebroplasty (PVP) at stage I in treatment of acute multi-segment osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) in the elderly with over 3 vertebrae operated.Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 105 aged patients with acute multi-segment OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University from October 2015 to February 2019. There were 27 males and 78 females, aged 65-92 years [(73.0±14.5)years]. All patients received stage I multi-segmental PVP and standard anti-osteoporosis treatment. There were more than 3 operative vertebral segments in 30 patients (observation group) and less than or equal to 3 operative vertebral segments in 75 patients (control group). The operation time, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency, cement injection volume, cement leakage rate and incidence of recurrent vertebral fractures were compared between the two groups. The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and activity of daily living (ADL) score were compared before operation, 1 day, 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up.Results:All patients were followed up for 11-13 months [(12.5±1.8)months]. The observation group showed operation time of (71.2±12.2)minutes, intraoperative fluoroscopy frequency of (38.8±6.4)times and cement injection volume of (20.2±4.6)ml, more than those in control group [(52.3±10.6)minutes, (25.4±5.3)times, (12.3±4.3)ml] ( P<0.05). There was no significant difference in cement leakage rate and incidence of recurrent vertebral fractures between the two groups ( P>0.05). No complications such as infection, nerve damage or cement implantation syndrome occurred. Before operation, 1 day after operation, 1 month after operation and at the last follow-up, the VAS in observation group [(7.6±0.7)points, (3.0±0.8)points, (2.3±0.7)points, (2.2±0.6)points] showed no significant difference from those in control group [(7.4±0.5)points, (2.9±0.4)points, (2.1±0.5)points, (2.0±0.5)points], the ODI in observation group [(74.6±3.3)%, (36.8±4.6)%, (29.7±4.0)%, (24.0±3.6)%] did not differ from those in control group [(73.8±1.0)%, (35.1±0.9)%, (28.4±2.2)%, (22.8±0.9)%], the ADL score in observation group [(34.5±5.0)points, (54.5±3.8)points, (73.7±3.9)points] were similar with those in control group [(36.2±3.4)points, (56.8±4.7)points, (75.3±5.3)points, (81.3±4.5)points] (all P>0.05). The postoperative VAS, ODI and ADL score in both groups were significantly improved in comparison with preoperation ( P<0.05). Conclusion:For acute multi-segment OVCF in the elderly with over 3 or not more than 3 the vertebrae operated, PVP at stage I has the same advantages in early pain relief and improvement of motor function and quality of life.

10.
Chinese Journal of Trauma ; (12): 15-21, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909827

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the treatment options for patients with osteoporotic thoracolumbar injury classification and severity score (OTLICS) of 4 points following acute symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral compression fracture (OVCF) .Methods:A retrospective case-control study was conducted to analyze the clinical data of 108 patients with acute symptomatic OVCF admitted to Honghui Hospital, Xi'an Jiaotong University Faculty of Medicine from February 2016 to February 2018. There were 21 males and 87 females, aged 55-92 years [(71.6±5.3)years]. All patients had OTLICS score of 4 points. Of all, 76 patients were treated operatively (surgery group) and 32 patients were treated non-operatively (non-surgery group). The visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry disability index (ODI) and quality of life score (SF-36) were compared between the two groups before treatment, at 1 week, 3 months, 6 months after treatment, and at the last follow-up. The recovery of the injured vertebrae before and after treatment (Cobb angle of the injured vertebra, relative height of the anterior edge of the injured vertebrae), adjacent vertebral body fractures, and complications were compared between the two groups.Results:All patients were followed up for 12-18 months [(13.4±4.2)months]. At 1 week, 3 months and 6 months after treatment, the VAS in surgery group [(3.5±1.0)points, (2.1±0.6)points, (2.0±0.4)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(6.4±1.7)points, (5.3±1.5)points, (3.3±0.6)points] ( P<0.05), the ODI in surgery group [(45.8±10.3)points, (35.3±8.6)points, (26.5±7.1)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(65.7±12.1)points, (58.3±10.7)points, (45.6±9.3)points] ( P<0.05), the SF-36 in surgery group [(82.8±1.4)points, (85.0±1.5)points, (88.0±1.3)points] was better than that in non-surgery group [(80.4±1.3)points, (81.5±1.4)points, (85.6±1.1)points] ( P<0.05). At the last follow-up, there were no significant differences in VAS, ODI and SF-36 between the two groups ( P>0.05). At 3 months, 6 months and the last follow-up, the Cobb angle in surgery group [(18.3±3.9)°, (17.5±3.0)°, (17.8±1.6)°] was better than that in non-surgery group [(22.4±2.2)°, (22.5±1.7)°, (22.1±1.3)°] ( P<0.05), and the relative height of the anterior edge of the injured vertebra in surgery group [(75.4±8.6)%, (76.6±8.6)%, (75.2±8.3)%] was better than that in non-surgery group [(63.5±7.6)%, (65.2±7.4)%, (62.8±7.2)%] ( P<0.05). The adjacent vertebral fractures occurred in 6 patients (8%) in surgery group, and in 2 patients (6%)in non-surgey group ( P>0.05). Postoperative complications occurred in 8 patients (11%) in surgery group, and occurred in 6 patients (19%) in non-surgery group ( P>0.05). Conclusion:When applying the OTLICS scoring system to treat acute symptomatic OVCF, patients with OTLICS score of 4 points should be promptly treated with operatively, which can quick relieve pain, correct deformities promote functional recovery, and improve quality of life.

11.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 489-493, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-863353

ABSTRACT

Tibial fracture is a kind of common long bone fracture of extremities, most of which are complex tibial fractures caused by high energy. Because of the special anatomical structure of tibia, the incidence of postoperative complications such as malunion and nonunion is higher. This brings some difficulties to the treatment. With the patient′s higher requirements for function, doctors have a deeper understanding of biomechanics, which promotes the further development of internal fixation materials. The indications of intramedullary nails have been expanded and gradually replaced the steel plate internal fixation for the treatment of tibial fractures and achieved good therapeutic effect. This article focuses on the application and new development of intramedullary nail in the treatment of proximal, middle, distal and open tibial fractures, providing more reference for the future clinical treatment.

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