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1.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-512631

ABSTRACT

A liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time-of-flight mass spectrometer(LC-Q/TOF-MS) based urinary metabolomic approach was employed to assess the toxicity-alleviation effect of Huangqi oral solution(HOs) on cisplatin-exposed rats and explore its possible mechanisms. Rat toxicity model was developed by multiple intraperitoneal injection of low-dose cisplatin, while HOs was orally administrated to rats simultaneously for 16 consecutive days to attenuate or reduce the cisplatin-induced toxicity. 24-hour urine samples on day 18 were collected and analyzed using LC-Q/TOF-MS to obtain the dataset of urinary metabolites. Principal component analysis(PCA) and orthogonal partial least squares-discriminant analysis(OPLS-DA) were employed to assess the quality of the dataset and screen the potential toxicity-alleviation biomarkers. The serum level of rat creatinine and urea nitrogen on day 20 was determined, and the results showed that successive administration of HOs significantly reduced the cisplatin-induced increase of creatinine and urea nitrogen. PCA cluster analysis clearly demonstrated that HOs could partly improve the CDDP-induced abnormality of metabolic profiling. 35 urinary metabolites were finally screened as the potential biomarkers associated with the toxicity-attenuation effect of HOs, according to the combination of the analysis results of OPLS-DA, t-test and fold change analysis. Further metabolic pathway analysis revealed that HOs could restore the metabolic disorders of amino acid, energy and nucleotide, thereby exerted its toxicity-alleviation effect.

2.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 696-703, 2017.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-615936

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish a LC-MS/MS method for the determination of pirfenidone(BT)and its major metabolite 5-carboxy-pirfenidone(SBT)in human plasma.Methods Human plasma samples containing BT and SBT,as well as their corresponding deuterium-labeled internal standards pirfenidone-d5(dBT)and 5-carboxy-pirfenidone-d5(dSBT),were precipitated using methanol.Chromatographic separation was carried out on an Agilent ZORBAX SB C18(3.0 mm×100 mm,3.5 μm)column with the mobile phase of water(0.5%formic acid)and acetonitrile(50/50).The detection of analytes was performed on a tandem mass system equipped with an electrospray ionization source in positive ion mode using multiple-reaction monitoring.The MS/MS ion transitions monitored were m/z 185.958→77.1 for BT,m/z 215.944→77.0 for SBT,m/z 190.965→81.1 for dBT and m/z 220.948→99.1 for dSBT.Results There was no remarkable interference in blank solvent,plasma,and there was no mutual interference between analytes or internal standards.The proposed method showed good linearity over the concentration range of 0.020 59~25.14 mg·L-1 for BT and 0.016 73~20.42 mg·L-1 for SBT.The intra-batch and inter-batch precision and accuracy were proved to be acceptable.Human samples kept stable after 4 h at room temperature,the three freeze-thaw cycles and 10,29 and 52 days at-70 ℃,and the processed samples remained stable after 24 h in the autosampler.The average extraction recovery and matrix effect were precise,reproducible and acceptable.Conclusion Our current LC-MS/MS method is proved to be sensitive,accurate and convenient,and could be suitable for the clinical pharmacokinetic studies of BT-related preparations.

3.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 108-112, 2015.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-462507

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish a combined method ofβ-glucuronidase hydrolysis and LC-MS-MS analysis for the determination of scutellarein in human plasma, and investigate the pharmacokinetics of scutellarin prepara-tion in healthy male volunteers. Methods Plasma samples were prepared by enzymolysis with β-glucu-ronidase and protein precipitation with methanol. The analytes scutellarein and quercetin ( IS ) were separa-ted on an Agilent ZORBAX SB C18 column ( 2. 1 mm × 150 mm, 5 μm) with the mobile phases consisting of acetonitrile, methanol and water. Multiple reaction monitoring ( MRM) on MS was used to monitor precur-sor to produce ion transitions of m/z 285. 0→136. 8 for scutellarein and m/z 301. 1→120. 8 for IS. After method validation, this method was applied to deter-mine the plasma concentration of scutellarein in 12 male volunteers following single oral administration of 120 mg scutellarin preparation. Drug And Statistic soft-ware (1. 0) was used to process data and the pharma-cokinetic parameters were calculated. Results The assay was validated with linear range of 4 . 01-513. 38μg · L-1 for scutellarein. The intra- and inter-batch precisions ( RSD%) were within 7. 22%. The absolute recoveries were more than 84. 23%. The pharmacoki-netic parameters after a single dose were as follows:Cmax (μg · L-1 ): 159. 97 ± 58. 14; AUC(0-19) (μg · L-1·h):1151. 37 ±279. 80; AUC(0-∞)(μg·L-1· h):1194. 13 ± 264. 51; Tmax ( h):6. 33 ± 1. 67; T1/2 (h):2. 83 ± 0. 60. Conclusion The assay method is proved to be sensitive, accurate and convenient. It can be successfully applied to a pharmacokinetic study of scutellarin in healthy male volunteers.

4.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 1402-1407, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-454526

ABSTRACT

Aim To establish a LC-MS/MS method for the determination of hydroxysafflor yellow A ( QA ) in human plasma. Methods After being added into 0. 2M ammonium acetate (1∶1,V/V), QA was extrac-ted using solid-phase extraction technique, and the eluent was directly injected into LC-MS/MS systems. Agilent ZORBAX SB C18 (3. 0 × 100 mm, 3. 5 μm) column and isocratic elution system composing of meth-anol and 0. 2 mM ammonium acetate (70 ∶ 30, V/V) provided chromatographic separation of QA and internal standard isorhamnetin-3-O-neohespeidoside ( SLS) fol-lowed by detection with mass spectrometry. The mass transition ion-pair was followed as m/z 611 . 131→490. 900 for QA and m/z 623. 032→298. 800 for SLS. Results The retention time of QA and SLS was 2. 7 min and 3. 9 min respectively, with no interference in human blank plasma. The proposed method showed good linearity over the concentration range of 8. 57 ~4185 μg·L-1 for QA with a correlation coefficient≥ 0 . 9949 . The lower limit of quantitation was 8. 570 μg ·L-1 . The intra-batch and inter-batch precision and accuracy were within 7%. The average matrix effect ranged from 115. 72% to 119. 06% with RSD less than 5%. The average extraction recovery ranged from 77. 75% to 80. 76% with RSD less than 5%. Stability of human samples after 4 h at room temperature, after the three freeze-thaw cycles and after 31 days at -70℃, and post-preparative stability of the processed sam-ples after 24 h was acceptable. Plasma samples with the concentration beyond the upper quantitation limit could be accurately determined after being diluted using 6. 25 times ( V/V ) of human blank plasma. Conclusion Our current LC-MS/MS method is sensitive, accurate and convenient, and is proved to be suitable for the sys-tematic study on clinical pharmacokinetics of QA.

5.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 570-573,574, 2014.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-598929

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the pharmacokinetic effect of aspirin on caffeic acid in dengzhanxixin injec-tion( DI) . Methods Concentration of caffeic acid in rat plasma was detected by LC-MS/MS after rats were given intravenous administration of DI or DI combined with aspirin by gavage. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by DAS 1. 0 pharmacokinetic software. Results In vivo pharmacokinetic models of caffeic acid were two-compartment open models in both the caffeic acid group and the caffeic acid combined with aspirin group. After compatibility, caffeic acid showed a significant increase in T 12β, with a slight decrease in CL. Conclusions Aspirin can reduce metabolic process of caffeic acid in vivo.

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