Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Show: 20 | 50 | 100
Results 1 - 20 de 419
Filter
1.
Medicina (B.Aires) ; 81(5): 761-766, oct. 2021. graf
Article in Spanish | LILACS | ID: biblio-1351048

ABSTRACT

Resumen El shock cardiogénico (SC) presenta una elevada mortalidad y puede requerir de terapéuticas avanzadas como la asistencia circulatoria mecánica (ACM) y el trasplante cardíaco (TC). Se analizaron en forma retrospectiva, en un único centro, aquellos pacientes que presentaron un infarto agudo de miocardio (IAM), SC y requirieron ACM puente al TC. Entre enero 1997 y junio 2020, 524 pacientes recibieron un TC, 203 por cardiopatía isquémica, 103 en lista de emergencia. Se incluyeron once pacientes con los criterios mencionados (edad media 53 ± 11 años; hombres 73%). Se realizaron 5 angioplastias primarias y 2 cirugías de revascularización miocárdica de urgencia. Cuatro pacientes presentaban anatomía coronaria no pasible de revascularización. Todos recibieron tratamiento inotrópico y vasopresor y requirieron soporte con balón de contrapulsación intra aórtico (BCIA). Dos requirieron el implante de bomba centrífuga univentricular izquierda (BioMedicus®, Medtronic) y 2 de oxigenador de membrana extracorpóreo veno-arterial (ECMO-VA) periférico (Maquet®, Getinge Group). La mediana entre IAM y TC fue 15 días (rango 7-21) y la edad de los donantes 28 ± 11 años. Todos presentaron un IAM extenso (monto necrótico 35 ± 5%) con signos histopatológicos de necrosis transmural e injuria de reperfusión. La mediana de seguimiento fue 9 años (rango 1-15). Ninguno falleció en la internación ni durante el primer año post trasplante. La supervivencia a los 5 y 10 años fue 73% y 55%. El TC en situación de emergencia ha demostrado ser, en nuestro medio, la mejor opción en aquellos pacientes con IAM y SC refractario a la terapia convencional.


Abstract Cardiogenic shock (CS) has a high mortality rate and often requires advanced therapies such as mechanical circulatory support (MCS) and heart transplantation (HT). Those patients who presented an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with CS and required support through MCS as bridge to HT were retrospectively analyzed in a single Center. Between January 1997 and June 2020, 524 patients received HT, 203 for ischemic-cardiomyopathy, 103 were in emergency waiting list. Eleven patients met the inclusion criteria (mean age 53 ± 11 years old; men 73%). Five primary angioplasties and 2 emergency myocardial revasculariza tion surgeries were performed. Four patients had coronary anatomy not subject to revascularization. All received inotropic and vasopressor treatment and required intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP). Subsequently, two required support with a left univentricular centrifugal pump (BioMedicus®, Medtronic) and two with peripheral veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (VA-ECMO) (Maquet®, Getinge Group). The median between AMI and HT was 15 days (range 7-21) and the mean age of the donors 28 ± 11 years. All had extensive AMI (necrotic amount 35 ± 5%) with histopathological signs of transmural necrosis and reperfusion injury. The median follow-up was 9 years (range 1-15). None died in hospitalization or during the first year after transplantation. Survival at 5 and 10 years was 73% and 55%. Emergency HT may be the best option for selected patients with acute myocardial infarction and cardiogenic shock refractory to conventional therapy.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Adolescent , Adult , Middle Aged , Young Adult , Heart-Assist Devices , Myocardial Infarction , Shock, Cardiogenic/etiology , Shock, Cardiogenic/therapy , Retrospective Studies , Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping
2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912366

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the clinical manifestations of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome(AIDS) patients with initial-stage cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis (CMVR).Methods:Retrospective case series study. From July 2017 to November 2019, 21 patients with 22 eyes of AIDS combined with CMVR in the initial stage of AIDS and CMVR diagnosed in the eye examination in the study. Among them, there were 19 males with 19 eyes and 2 females with 3 eyes; the average age was 34.3±9.6 years. The average CD4 + T lymphocyte count of patients was 26.1±23.2/μl. Routine fundus screening revealed 17 cases, and the contralateral eye disease was found in 4 cases. There were 13 cases of CMVR in both eyes (61.9%, 13/21). Among them, both eyes were in the initial stage of CMVR, and the contralateral eyes were in the early stage of CMVR in 12 cases. The contralateral eye included 2 cases of human immunodeficiency virus-related retinal microangiopathy, 1 case of optic disc edema, and 5 cases of no obvious abnormality on fundus examination. All patients underwent slit lamp microscopy and ultra-wide-angle fundus photography examination. At the same time, 18 eyes underwent optical coherence tomography (OCT). Blood CMV-DNA detection was performed in 17 cases within 1 week before the first diagnosis; aqueous CMV-DNA detection was performed in 7 eyes within 1 week after the first diagnosis. Within 1 week after the fundus examination, 8 eyes of 8 cases and 8 eyes of 7 cases were received and not received systemic anti-CMV treatment; the treatment status was unknown in 6 cases and 6 eyes. After treatment, 18 eyes of 17 cases were followed up. The follow-up time was 0.5-28 months. Results:There were no obvious abnormalities in the anterior segment examination of all the affected eyes; the vitreous body was transparent. The fundus lesions were less than 1 optic disc diameter (DD), and they were white granular, clustered, with blurred edges. Among them, there were granular satellite lesions around the lesion in 18 eyes (81.8%, 18/22). The lesions were located in 19 eyes (86.4%, 19/22) in zone 2, 1 eye in zone 1 and 2 (4.5%, 1/22), and 2 eyes in zone 3 (9.1%, 2/22). In 18 eyes that underwent OCT examination, 12 eyes failed to obtain image data because the lesion was not in the conventional scanning range; the other 6 eyes showed the inner or full retina thickened or atrophy depression, structural destruction, accompanied by local vitreous punctate strong reflection. Among the 17 patients who underwent blood CMV-DNA testing, 1 (5.9%, 1/17) and 16 (94.1%, 16/17) cases were CMV-DNA negative and positive, respectively. The 7 eyes that underwent the CMV-DNA test of aqueous humor were all negative. Among the 18 eyes who were followed up, the lesions did not expand, and gradually subsided and absorbed in 4 eyes (22.2%, 4/18); the varying degrees of lesion enlargement in 14 eyes (77.8%, 14/18).Conclusion:The patients with AIDS and CMVR at the initial stage have no obvious ocular symptoms; the fundus shows white granular lesions less than 1 DD with blurred edges.

3.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 483-486, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912264

ABSTRACT

Objective:To describe the reconstruction of palmar soft tissue defect of digit using dorsal digital flaps including double dorsal branches of the proper palmar digital nerves (DBPPDN) and report the results of the application of the flaps.Methods:From May, 2005 to April, 2019, a retrospective study was conducted on 113 digits of 113 patients who had palmar soft tissue defects in single digit treated with 4 types of dorsal digital flaps with bilaterally DBPPDN. Flap types: ① Modified cross-digit flap in 29 digits of 29 cases; ②Dorsal digital flap based on the dorsal branch of proper palmar digital artery (DBPPDA) in 43 digits of 43 cases; ③First dorsal metacarpal artery flap in 23 digits of 23 cases; ④ Free dorsal digit flap in 18 digits of 18 cases. In control group, single-innervated flap was used for repair of the defects, only one of injured proper palmar digital nerves on both sides was repaired with DBPPDN. Static TPD, VAS and patient satisfaction of the injured digits were evaluated by means of outpatient follow-up. The t test was applied to compare the 2 groups in relation to the quantitative outcomes. P<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results:In the dual-innervated flap group, flap ischemia was shown in 11 digits and venous congestion was noted in 7 digits. Partial necrosis was noted in 9 flaps and healed without surgical intervention. In the dual-innervated and single-innervated flap groups, the mean static TPD were (6.92±0.12) mm and (8.92±0.20) mm, the score of VAS were (0.46±0.08) and (1.11±0.28), and patient satisfaction were (4.45±0.06) and (4.00±0.16). Significant difference was found between the 2 groups in static TPD, VAS and patient satisfaction. Dual-innervated flaps presented better discriminatory sensation on the flap ( P<0.01) and lower pain incidence ( P=0.0032) and higher patient satisfaction ( P=0.0014). Conclusion:The 4 types of dual-innervated flap are useful in reconstruction of palmar soft tissue defects of digits, especially in prevention of neuropathic pain.

4.
Chinese Critical Care Medicine ; (12): 648-653, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-909377

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the risk factors of intensive care unit acquired weakness (ICUAW) in patients with sepsis, and to evaluate the predictive value of each risk factor for ICUAW.Methods:A case control study was conducted, 60 septic patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) of Henan Provincial People's Hospital from October 20, 2020 to February 20, 2021 were enrolled. The patients were divided into two groups: sepsis ICUAW group and sepsis non-ICUAW group. The data of gender, age, body mass index (BMI), acute physiology and chronic health evaluationⅡ(APACHEⅡ) score, complications, mechanical ventilation, duration of ICUAW, length of stay in ICU, fasting blood glucose, blood lactic acid (Lac), procalcitonin (PCT), C-reactive protein (CRP), sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score, outcome, antimicrobial agent, glucocorticoid, sedatives and analgesics drugs and vasoactive drugs were collected. Risk factors were screened by univariate Logistic regression analysis, and odds ratio ( OR) was adjusted by multivariate binary logistic regression, P < 0.05 was considered as independent risk factors. Finally, the receiver operating characteristic curve (ROC curve) was drawn to analyze the predictive value of independent risk factors. Results:The APACHEⅡ score of the sepsis ICUAW group was significantly higher than that of the sepsis non-ICUAW group (23.05±8.17 vs. 15.33±4.89, P < 0.05), the total length of stay in the ICU was significantly longer than that of the sepsis non-ICUAW group (days: 15.1±9.2 vs. 8.5±3.4, P < 0.05), the improvement rate of patients was significantly lower than that of the sepsis non-ICUAW group [45.0% (9/20) vs. 95.0% (38/40), P < 0.05]. After univariate Logistic regression and multicollinearity test analysis, 7 factors including APACHEⅡ score, average SOFA score, blood lactic acid, proportion of mechanical ventilation, sedatives and analgesics drugs, type of antibiotics and type of vasoactive drugs were included in the binary Logistic regression model [ OR: 1.21, 2.05, 2.26, 0.21, 1.54, 2.07, 1.38, 95% confidence interval (95% CI): 1.09-1.35, 1.42-2.94, 1.12-4.57, 0.05-0.66, 1.03-2.29, 1.27-3.37, 0.96-2.00, all P < 0.05]. Hosmer-Lemchaw test P = 0.901, and the correct percentage of prediction was 85%, indicating good model fit. Multivariate binary Logistic regression analysis showed that APACHEⅡ score and average SOFA score were independent risk factors for the occurrence of ICUAW in septic patients (APACHEⅡscore: OR = 1.17, 95% CI was 1.004-1.376, P = 0.044; average SOFA score: OR = 1.86, 95% CI was 1.157-2.981, P = 0.01). ROC curve analysis showed that the mean value of APACHEⅡ score, average SOFA score and their combined detection had a certain predictive value for the occurrence of ICUAW in sepsis patients, areas under ROC curve (AUC) were 0.787, 0.881, 0.905, 95% CI was 0.646-0.928, 0.791-0.972, 0.828-0.982, all P < 0.05. When the cut-off value was 19.500, 6.225, 0.375, the sensitivity was 75%, 90%, 90%, and the specificity were 80%, 80%, 85%, respectively. Conclusion:APACHEⅡ score and average SOFA score can be used as independent risk factors for the occurrence of ICUAW in sepsis, and their combined predictive value is better than that of individual index.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908562

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the ocular characteristics and treatment prognosis of ocular immune reconstruction inflammatory syndrome (IRIS) in patients with cytomegalovirus retinitis (CMVR) complicated with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS).Methods:A serial case-observational study was conducted.Seventeen eyes from 15 male 21-to 43-year-old AIDS patients combined with CMVR, who were diagnosed with IRIS at Beijing You'an Hospital, Capital Medical University from February 2016 to December 2018 were included.The best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of patients was recorded, and the intraocular pressure and anterior segment was measured with a non-contact tonometer and a slit-lamp microscope, respectively.The ocular fundus was observed by fundus photography and optical coherence tomography (OCT). Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction was used to measure the cytomegalovirus deoxyribonucleic acid (CMV-DNA) content in the aqueous humor during the occurrence of IRIS.The flow cytometry was employed to determine the peripheral blood CD4 + T lymphocyte count before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) and during the occurrence of IRIS.All patients were followed for 3 to 25 months, with an average of 15 months.The HAART time of patients was 17 to 104 days, with an average of (66.1±27.4) days.Patients with anterior segment inflammatory reactions were given the anti-inflammatory and mydriatic treatment.Patients with severe vitreous opacity were intravitreally injected with 4 mg of triamcinolone.Patients with macular edema were given 0.5 mg intravitreal injection of conbercept.The study adhered to the Declaration of Helsinki and was approved by an Ethics Committee of Beijing You'an Hospital, Capital Medical University (No.[2017]11). Written informed consent was obtained from each patient prior to any examination. Results:Anterior segment inflammation (Tyndall effect, KP, post-iris adhesion) was found in 9 eyes, vitreous opacities to varying degrees in 11 eyes, and macular edema in 2 eyes.The CMV-DNA content was negative (<500 copies/ml) in 15 eyes.The CD4 + T lymphocyte count in peripheral blood during IRIS was 67 (51, 99) cells/μl, which was significantly higher than 17(6, 20) cells/μl before HAART treatment ( Z=-4.48, P<0.01). Two of the 15 AIDS patients had tuberculosis.The BCVA of the patients was improved from 0.30 (0.10, 0.55) before treatment to 0.50 (0.35, 0.60) after treatment, and the difference was statistically significant ( Z=-2.34, P=0.019). Conclusions:The anterior and posterior segment may be involved in IRIS patients with AIDS and CMVR, and the corresponding ocular treatment is effective.

6.
China Occupational Medicine ; (6): 481-487, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-923074

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To explore the influencing factors of low back pain and the relationship of the influence of bad working posture, weight load and frequency of load and the dose-response relationship among the occupational workers of key industries in China. METHODS: A total of 57 501 employees from 15 key industries in China were selected as research subjects using stratified cluster sampling method. The occurrence of low back pain in the past one year, as well as occupational factors such as job type, labor organization and work posture were investigated by using the Chinese version Musculoskeletal Disorders Questionnaire. RESULTS: The prevalence of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China was 16.4%(9 448/57 501). Multivariate Logistic regression analysis showed that the risk of low back pain in females was higher than that in males(P<0.01). Married, obese, occasional and frequent smokers, and a history of lower back disease were associated with increased risk of low back pain(all P<0.05). The risk of low back pain was associated with older age, higher education level, and lower frequency of physical exercise(all P<0.01). The risk of low back pain was higher with longer working time, greater back curvature, and the high frequency of long standing and sitting position work, uncomfortable working posture, repeated operation per minute, and lifting>5 kg weight(all P<0.01). CONCLUSION: The influencing factors of low back pain in the occupational population of key industries in China include bad working posture, high frequency load, weight load and other individual factors. There is a dose-response relationship with low back posture load and frequency of load.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921801

ABSTRACT

Five compounds were isolated from the alcohol extract of Olibanum by MCI, silica gel, ODS, and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatographies and preparative high-performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). On the basis of spectral data and literature data, the compounds were identified as:(1S,3R,4S,7R,11S,12R)-1:12,4:7-diepoxisonane-8(19)-ene-3,11-diol(1), boscartin A(2),(+)-resinolin(3),(+)-5-hydroxy-3,4-dimethyl-5-pentylfuran-2(5H)-one(4), and acerogenin A(5). Compound 1 is a new compound, and compounds 3-5 were isolated from Olibanum for the first time. The structure of compound 1 was determined by spectroscopic analysis and single-crystal X-ray diffraction. Compounds 1 and 2 were tested for PC12 neurotoxicity, and the results showed that they were both safe compounds.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Diterpenes , Frankincense , Molecular Structure
8.
Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion ; (12): 1387-1393, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-921063

ABSTRACT

There are some common problems in the systematic review and meta-analysis on acupuncture-moxibustion, e.g. indistinct definition and errors in methodology. In order to further improve the quality of relevant literature, in association with the characteristics of acupuncture-moxibustion, based on the framework of PICOS (P: population, I: interventions, C: comparisons, O: outcomes, S: study designs), the paper explores how to construct specific research questions. In methodology, the paper analyzes the common problems from five aspects, including literature retrieval, bias assessment, analysis and interpretation of results, selection of other types of meta-analysis and the update of methodology. Based on the analysis above, the paper discusses the corresponding countermeasures.


Subject(s)
Acupuncture , Acupuncture Therapy , Moxibustion , Records , Research Design
9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-904488

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the epidemiological characteristics and drug resistance of Salmonella in patients with food-borne diarrhea in Jiading District. Methods:From January 2018 to December 2019, feces or anal swabs of patients were collected from five hospitals in monitoring sites, and the drug sensitivity test was conducted using the micro broth dilution method. Results:The total detection rate of Salmonella was 7.85% (142/1 810), and the detection rates of 0-6, 7-17, 18-40, 41-65 and over 65 years old were 8.97% (13/145), 6.94% (5/72), 7.58% (75/989), 8.69% (41/472) and 6.06% (8/132), respectively. Salmonella rosenbergii was a new dominant serotype in this area. Many strains were resistant to the third and fourth generation cephalosporins, fluoroquinolones and even azithromycin. The sensitivity rate of Salmonella typhimurium to cefotaxime and cefepime was 84.85%, and the resistance rate to fluoroquinolones was 12% to 16%. The mediating rates of Salmonella and Salmonella enteritidis to fluoroquinolones were 56% to 60% and 95.56%, respectively. Conclusion:The detection rate of Salmonella infection is high in all age groups. It is necessary to pay more attention to new dominant serotypes. Salmonella typhimurium is highly resistant to the third and fourth generation cephalosporins and fluoroquinolones, while the sensitivity of Salmonella, especially Salmonella enteritidis to fluoroquinolones has decreased significantly.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882391

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the neuroprotective effect of long-term prophylactic use of buphthalein on mice with permanent distal middle cerebral artery occlusion and its relationship with the nuclear factor erysid 2 related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway.Methods:Nrf2 + /+ wild-type and Nrf2 -/- knockout mice were randomly divided into control group (equal volume vegetable oil), low-dose butylphthalide group (20 mg/kg) and high-dose butylphthalide group (60 mg/kg), with 6 mice in each group. The drug was administered once a day by gavage for 1 month, and then a permanent middle cerebral artery occlusion model was induced by electrocoagulation. After the model was made, the drug was continued and the mice were sacrificed on the 10 th day. The modified Longa grading scale and the rotating rod test were used to evaluate neurological deficits on the 3 rd and 10 th day after the model was made. After the mice were sacrificed, the cerebral infarct volume was measured by triphenyltetrazolium chloride staining. The brain water content was measured by dry and wet weight method. The expression of Nrf2 pathway related factors, including Nrf2, heme oxygenase 1 (HO-1) and NAD(P)H quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1) were measured by quantitative real-time PCR and Western blotting. Results:On the 10 th day after modeling, compared with the Nrf2 -/- control group, the neurological deficit was significantly milder, the volume of cerebral infarction and brain water content were significantly smaller, and the mRNA and protein levels of Nrf2, HO-1 and NQO1 were significantly higher in the Nrf2 + /+ control group, and the differences were statistically significant ( P<0.05). For Nrf2 + /+ mice, compared with the control group, the cerebral infarct volume was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), the brain water content was significantly reduced ( P<0.05), and the neurological function recovery was significantly better ( P<0.05), and the levels of Nrf2, HO-1, and NQO1 mRNA and protein were significantly higher in the high-dose butylphthalide group (all P<0.05). For Nrf2 -/- mice, there were no significant differences in neurological function, cerebral infarction group volume, brain water content, Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 mRNA and protein levels among the groups. Conclusion:Long-term butylphthalide pretreatment can significantly improve the neurological function, reduce cerebral infarction volume, reduce brain water content, and increase Nrf2, HO-1, NQO1 mRNA and protein expression levels in mice with permanent distal middle cerebral artery occlusion, suggesting butylphthalide may play a neuroprotective effect by up-regulating the expression of Nrf2 gene and its downstream antioxidant stress factors HO-1 and NQO1.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879011

ABSTRACT

Based on the investigation of wild medicinal plant resources in Dexing city, Jiangxi province, and the collected plant specimens, which were identified by taxonomy, two new record species of geographical distribution were found, which are Meehania zheminensis A. Takano, Pan Li & G.-H. Xia and Corydalis huangshanensis L.Q.Huang & H.S.Peng. The voucher specimens are kept in Dexing museum of traditional Chinese medicine. In this paper, the new distribution species were reported, which provides valuable information for further enriching and supplementing the species diversity of medicinal plant resources in Jiangxi province.


Subject(s)
China , Corydalis , Humans , Lamiaceae , Medicine, Chinese Traditional , Museums , Plants, Medicinal
12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878719

ABSTRACT

Objective To investigate the effects of self-made carriers on the cryopreservation of ovarian tissue of sheep. Methods Thirty-two ovaries were randomly assigned to fresh group,programmed freezing group,self-made carrier I vitrification group,and self-made carrier Ⅱ vitrification group.The morphology,proliferation,apoptosis,and estrogen level of the ovarian tissue in each group were observed. Results After cryopreservation,the morphology normal rate of the primordial follicles in programmed freezing group,self-made carrier I vitrification group,and self-made carrier Ⅱ vitrification group were 74.2%,72.8%,and 72.3%,respectively,lower than that(83.7%)in the fresh group(χ


Subject(s)
Animals , Cryopreservation , Female , Freezing , Ovarian Follicle , Ovary , Sheep , Vitrification
13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888100

ABSTRACT

The genus Chloranthus has 13 species and 5 varieties in China, which can be found in the southwest and northeast regions. Phytochemical studies on Chloranthus plants have reported a large amount of terpenoids, such as diterpenoids, sesquiterpenoids, and sesquiterpenoid dimers. Their anti-inflammation, anti-tumor, antifungal, antivirus, and neuroprotection activities have been confirmed by previous pharmacological research. Herein, research on the chemical constituents from Chloranthus plants and their biological activities over the five years was summarized to provide scientific basis for the further development and utilization of Chloranthus plants.


Subject(s)
Diterpenes , Phytochemicals/pharmacology , Plants , Sesquiterpenes/pharmacology , Terpenes
14.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888074

ABSTRACT

With repeated silica gel, octadecyl silica(ODS), and Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography, normal-phase and reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC), etc., a pair of new enantiomers and 5 known compounds were separated from the 95% ethanol extract of Chloranthus multistachys. These compounds were identified by the nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy(including 1 D-NMR and 2 D-NMR), single-crystal X-ray diffraction, circular dichroism(CD) spectroscopy, mass spectrometry(MS), and some other methods as(1R,4R,5R,8S,10R)-chloraeudolide H(1 a),(1S,4S,5S,8R,10S)-chloraeudolide H(1 b), hydroxyisogermafurenolide(2), 4α-hydroxy-5α,8β(H)-eudesm-7(11)-en-8,12-olide(3), chloraniolide A(4), chlorantene D(5), 4α,8β-dihydroxy-5α(H)-eudesm-7(11)-en-8,12-olide(6). Compounds 1 a and 1 b are a pair of new eudesmane-type sesquiterpene enantiomers, and compounds 2-4 were isolated from C. multistachys for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy , Mass Spectrometry , Molecular Structure , Sesquiterpenes , Stereoisomerism
15.
Chinese Medical Journal ; (24): 1855-1865, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887588

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND@#Endotoxin tolerance (ET) is a protective phenomenon in which pre-treatment with a tolerance dose of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) leads to dramatically elevated survival. Accumulating evidence has shown that peripheral T cells contribute to the induction of ET. However, what happens to T cell development in the thymus under ET conditions remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to analyze the alterations in thymocyte populations (double-positive [DP] and single-positive [SP] cells) under ET conditions.@*METHODS@#Mice were intraperitoneally injected with LPS at a concentration of 5 mg/kg to establish an LPS tolerance model and were divided into two groups: a group examined 72 h after LPS injection (72-h group) and a group examined 8 days after LPS injection (8-day group). Injection of phosphate-buffered saline was used as a control (control group). Changes in thymus weight, cell counts, and morphology were detected in the three groups. Moreover, surface molecules such as CD4, CD8, CD44, CD69, and CD62L were analyzed using flow cytometry. Furthermore, proliferation, apoptosis, cytokine production, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway signaling were analyzed in thymocyte populations. The polymorphism and length of the T-cell receptor (TCR) β chain complementarity-determining region 3 (CDR3) were analyzed using capillary electrophoresis DNA laser scanning analysis (ABI 3730).@*RESULTS@#Thymus weight and cell counts were decreased in the early stage but recovered by the late stage in a murine model of LPS-induced ET. Moreover, the proportions of DP cells (control: 72.130 ± 4.074, 72-h: 10.600 ± 3.517, 8-day: 84.770 ± 2.228), CD4+ SP cells (control: 15.770 ± 4.419, 72-h: 44.670 ± 3.089, 8-day: 6.367 ± 0.513), and CD8+ SP cells (control: 7.000 ± 1.916, 72-h: 34.030 ± 3.850, 8-day: 5.133 ± 0.647) were obviously different at different stages of ET. The polymorphism and length of TCR β chain CDR3 also changed obviously, indicating the occurrence of TCR rearrangement and thymocyte diversification. Further analysis showed that the expression of surface molecules, including CD44, CD69, and CD62L, on thymocyte populations (DP and SP cells) were changed to different degrees. Finally, the proliferation, apoptosis, cytokine production, and ERK pathway signaling of thymocyte populations were changed significantly.@*CONCLUSION@#These data reveal that alterations in thymocyte populations might contribute to the establishment of ET.


Subject(s)
Animals , CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes , Cell Differentiation , Endotoxins/toxicity , Flow Cytometry , Mice , Signal Transduction , Thymocytes , Thymus Gland
16.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-884212

ABSTRACT

Objective:To compare the efficacy and safety of telbivudine (LDT) and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) treatment during the second and third trimester in pregnant women with high viral load of hepatitis B virus (HBV).Methods:Totally 506 pregnancy women with HBV infection who received antiviral therapy during the second and third trimester of pregnancy in the obstetrical clinic of The Affiliated Nanjing Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine from January 1, 2016 to December 31, 2018 were retrospectively enrolled, and the anti-viral efficacy and safety in mothers and neonates were evaluated. Pregnancy women were divided into TDF group and LDT group according the medications. The efficacies including decline and negative rate of HBV DNA, the vertical transmission (VT) rate, the normalization rate of liver function in mothers between the two groups were compared. The safeties including birth weight of neonates, congenital deformities and the rates of preterm between the two groups were also compared. Chi-square test, independent sample t test or rank sum test were used for statistical analysis. Results:There were 239 pregnant women in the LDT group and 267 in the TDF group. The maternal HBV DNA levels before treatment in the LDT and TDF groups were (7.83±0.75) lg IU/mL and (7.82±0.66) lg IU/mL, respectively, while the maternal HBV DNA levels prior to delivery were 2.91(1.20) lg IU/mL and 2.83(1.01) lg IU/mL, respectively. The normalization rates of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) pregnant women prior to delivery in TDF group and LDT group were 95.00%(38/40) and 98.18%(54/55), respectively. There were all no significant differences between the two groups ( t=0.097, U=1.040 and χ2=0.767, respectively, all P>0.05). For CHB pregnant women, the HBV DNA negative rate at one month postpartum in TDF group was 85.45%(47/55) and that in LDT group was 82.50%(33/40). The normalization rate of ALT in TDF group was 94.55%(52/55), and that in LDT group was 92.50%(37/40). There were no significant differences between the two groups ( χ2=0.152 and 0.164, respectively, P=0.697 and 0.687, respectively). The VT rates were 0(0/262) in TDF group and 0.43%(1/231) in LDT group, which had no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=1.127, P=0.288). Two patients in LDT group who continued taking LDT 11 months postpartum switched to TDF because of HBV rt204 mutation, and no one had virus mutation in TDF group. No significant increased in creatine kinase in LDT group, and no significant abnormal calcium and phosphorus metabolism in the TDF group. The preterm rate was 7.87%(21/267) in TDF group and 4.18%(10/239) in LDT group, but there was no significant difference between the two groups ( χ2=2.970, P=0.085). However, the birth weight of neonates in TDF group ((3 204.72±490.50) g) was lower than that in LDT group ((3 374.31±467.50) g), and the difference was statistically significant ( t=3.780, P<0.01). During the course of treatment, no pregnant women discontinued treatment due to drug intolerance, and no infants presented with drug-related birth defects. Safeties for mothers and neonates were both good. Conclusions:Both LDT and TDF treatment could reduce the VT rate in pregnant women with high HBV viral load. The safety is good for both mothers and neonates. However, for CHB pregnant women who continue antiviral therapy postpartum, TDF is superior to LDT because of lower virus mutation, thus to reduce the risk of drug resistance.

17.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-883940

ABSTRACT

Objective:To study the relationship between somatization symptoms and body mass index (BMI), sleep and cognitive function in patients with depression.Methods:A total of 119 patients with depression were selected from January to December in 2019.According to the score of patient health questionnaire-15(PHQ15), they were divided into mild somatization group ( n=75) and moderate severe somatization group ( n=44). Hamilton depression scale-24(HAMD-24), patient health questionnaire-15, Pittsburgh sleep quality index(PSQI) and Montreal cognitive assessment(MoCA) were used to evaluate all subjects.SPSS 23.0 software was used for data analysis.Independent sample t-test was used to compare BMI, sleep and cognitive function scores between the two groups.Pearson correlation analysis was used to study the correlation between somatization symptoms and sleep quality and cognitive function. Results:There were significant differences in BMI((21.70±3.09)kg/m 2, (23.31±3.51)kg/m 2), PSQI((12.56±4.37), (14.37±3.72)), sleep quality(1.87±0.86), (2.21±0.80)), sleep disorder ((1.24±0.59), (1.65±0.53))and daytime dysfunction((2.45±0.81), (2.77±0.48)) between the two groups ( t=-3.783--2.133, all P<0.05), but no difference was found in cognition ( P>0.05). Correlation analysis showed that after controlling HAMD, PHQ-15 was positively correlated with PSQI, sleep quality, sleep disorder, daytime dysfunction and language score in MoCA ( r=0.205-0.298, all P<0.05). Conclusion:The severity of somatization in patients with depression is related to BMI, sleep quality, sleep disorder, daytime dysfunction and language function, suggesting that they may play an important role in the pathogenesis of depression with somatization.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880088

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To establish a method for rapid detection and typing of NPM1 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) by fluorescence melting curve analysis technology.@*METHODS@#A pair of primers and a fluorescent single-stranded probe (molecule beacon) were designed for the mutant genes mutA, mutB, mutD in exon 12 of nucleopsin (NPM1) and wild type. With a real-time qPCR, the A, B, and D gene mutations of NPM1 were detected and typed by different-melting curve peak value of the probe through RT-PCR.@*RESULTS@#This method could detected the mutations of A, B, and D in NPM1 effectively with a sensitivity of 1%. Furthermore, 62 AML clinical samples were evaluated by the method. In the results, the detection rate and typing of NPM1 mutations were consistent with the sequencing results of clinical samples.@*CONCLUSION@#There are three features in the method of fluorescence melting curve analysis: stable PCR system, easy to operate, and the easily distinguishable results. The method might meet the demand for rapid typing of NPM1 gene mutation in early diagnosis or concomitant diagnosis of AML.


Subject(s)
Exons , Genotype , Humans , Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute/genetics , Mutation , Nuclear Proteins/genetics
19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879410

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the clinical effect of anterior cervical Hybrid surgery in the treatment of cervical degenerative diseases (CDD) and observe the incidence of heterotopic ossification of disc replacement segment at 1 year after surgery.@*METHODS@#From January 2015 to April 2018, 35 patients who received anterior cervical hybrid surgery met the inclusion and exclusion criteria and the complete clinical follow up data were analyzed retrospectively. Complete imaging follow-up data were obtained from 24 patients. There were 15 males and 20 females, aged from 39 to 70(55.57±7.73) years old. The amount of bleeding was for 20 to 100 (40.29±18.39) ml, and the hospitalstay was for 4 to 28(11.03±4.63) days, and the follow-up time was(12.97±1.36) months. Clinical outcomes were assessed by the Tanaka Yasushi cervical spondylitis symptom scale 20 score (YT20), and Japanese Orthopaedic Association (JOA) score. The occurrence of heterotopic ossification after Hybrid surgery was evaluated by X-ray according to McAfee standard one year after operation. Patients with or without heterotopic ossificationwere divided into two groups and their clinical effects were compared.@*RESULTS@#At the final follow up, the mean YT20 score and JOA score were significantly higher than those before operation (P <0.05), and the average improvement rate of JOA was (70.66 ±0.44)%. One year after operation, the heterotopic ossification occurred in 10 of 24 segments, with incidence of 41.70%(10/24), including 29.20% in gradeⅠand 12.50% in gradeⅡ. The results of clinical efficacy comparison between patients with and without heterotopic ossification were as follows:there was no significant difference in JOA score before and after operation (@*CONCLUSION@#The short-term clinical effect of Hybrid surgery is satisfactory for cervical degenerative diseases, and the cause of heterotopic ossification still needs tobe further explored.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Cervical Vertebrae/surgery , Female , Follow-Up Studies , Humans , Intervertebral Disc Degeneration/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Range of Motion, Articular , Retrospective Studies , Total Disc Replacement , Treatment Outcome
20.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879131

ABSTRACT

Eight sesquiterpenes were isolated and purified from the ethanol extract of Chloranthus henryi by column chromatographies over silica gel, ODS and Sephadex LH-20,and preparative HPLC. Their chemical structures were established by spectral data and physiochemical properties as(1S,6S,8S,10R)-8-ethoxy-10-methoxychlomultin C(1),tianmushanol(2),multistalide A(3),myrrhterpenoid N(4),1α,9α-dihydroxy-8,12-expoxy-eudesma-4,7,11-trien-6-one(5),4β,10α-aromadendranediol(6),oplopanone(7),10α-hydroxycadinan-4-en-3-one(8). Among them, compound(1) was a new compound, and compounds 2-8 were isolated from Chloranthus henryi for the first time.


Subject(s)
Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid , Molecular Structure , Sesquiterpenes
SELECTION OF CITATIONS
SEARCH DETAIL