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1.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 31-38, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1013597

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the role of metabolites of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) in promoting the transdifferentiation of pancreatic α cells to β cells. Methods Male C57BL/6J mice were injected intraperitoneally with 60 mg/kg streptozocin (STZ) for five consecutive days to establish a type 1 diabetes (T1DM) mouse model. After two weeks, they were randomly divided into model groups and 97% EPA diet intervention group, 75% fish oil (50% EPA +25% DHA) diet intervention group, and random blood glucose was detected every week; after the model expired, the regeneration of pancreatic β cells in mouse pancreas was observed by immunofluorescence staining. The islets of mice (obtained by crossing GCG

2.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1911-1914, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996909

ABSTRACT

AIM:To observe the changes of photopic negative response(PhNR)of multifocal electroretinogram(mf-ERG)in patients with diabetic macular edema(DME)before and after treatment with Aflibercept.METHODS: A total of 37 patients(37 eyes)with DME who visited the Aier Eye Hospital of Wuhan University(Wuhan Aier Eye Hospital)from May 2019 to June 2022, and 0.05 mL of aflibercept was injected per month for consecutive 3mo were included in this retrospective cohort study. Another 20 cases(20 eyes)with normal physical examination to exclude related eye diseases were selected as the control group. The PhNR amplitude of mf-ERG, best-corrected visual acuity(BCVA; LogMAR), central retinal thickness(CRT), capillary plexus in macular area and vessel density(CPVD)of the participants between the two groups were compared before and after treatment.RESULTS: The PhNR amplitude of mf-ERG in DME patients before treatment(201.69±80.92nV)was significantly lower than that in the normal control group(398.87±77.92nV; P<0.01), and the average PhNR amplitude of mf-ERG in DME patients at 6mo after treatment was significantly higher than that before treatment(P=0.036), but it was still significantly lower than the normal control group at 6mo after treatment(P=0.031). In addition, the BCVA(LogMAR)of DME patients increased from 0.64±1.33 to 0.37±1.39(P=0.021)at 6mo after treatment, and CPVD significantly increased compared to that before treatment(P=0.029). Meanwhile, the PhNR amplitude of mf-ERG in DME patients at 6mo after treatment was positively correlated with CPVD at 6mo after treatment(r=0.448, P=0.043), and negatively correlated with BCVA(LogMAR)and CRT(r=-0.647, P=0.011; r=-0.337, P=0.032).CONCLUSION: The PhNR amplitude of mf-ERG in DME patients increased significantly after receiving aflibercept, and it can be used to observe and evaluate the functional changes of retinal ganglion cells in DME patients.

3.
Chinese Journal of General Practitioners ; (6): 386-393, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994724

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the prognosis and related factors of ischemic cardiomyopathy.Methods:Clinical data of 271 patients with acute decompensated chronic heart failure admitted to the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit of Tianjin Chest Hospital from December 2019 to June 2022 were enrolled, including 135 cases with ischemic cardiomyopathy (ICM group) and 136 cases with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy (NICM group). Patients were followed up for 48 weeks; and the primary endpoint was all-cause death and/or readmission due to heart failure, the secondary end point was cardiogenic death. Kaplan-Meier survival curve was used to compare the difference in prognosis between the two groups. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to evaluate the factors influencing the primary and secondary end points of ischemic cardiomyopathy.Results:Compared with the NICM group, ICM group had higher proportion of patients with older age, fast pulse rate, high body mass index, comorbidities of hypertension, diabetes, chronic kidney disease, stroke or peripheral vascular disease; and greater left ventricular end-diastolic diameter, right ventricular end-diastolic anteroposterial diameter, pulmonary artery systolic blood pressure, and left ventricular ejection fraction (all P<0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis showed that survival without primary endpoint (Log-rank P=0.009) and survival without secondary endpoint (Log-rank P=0.037) were lower in the ICM group than in the NICM group. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that elevated triglyceride (TG)/high density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio and elevated neutrophil percentage were independent risk factors for primary and secondary endpoint events in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. Conclusions:Patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy have lower survival rates than those with non-ischemic cardiomyopathy. High levels of TG/HDL-C ratio and neutrophil percentage are independent risk factors for poor prognosis in ischemic cardiomyopathy.

4.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 191-194, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994002

ABSTRACT

Objective:To summarize the ideal strategy for the treatment of female hypospadias.Methods:The data of 12 female patients with hypospadias admitted to the Sixth People's Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of Medicine from December 2011 to December 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. The patients was (31.0±16.6) years old (7-67 years old). Among them, 3 cases had a history of pelvic fracture trauma, 3 cases had a history of birth trauma, and the remaining 6 cases had no history of trauma and surgery. Among them, there were 6 cases of congenital hypospadias and 6 cases of acquired hypospadias. The clinical manifestations were urinary incontinence in 6 cases and dysuria in 6 cases. Examination of the normal position of the external opening of the genital urethra did not show the opening of the urethra, but moved down to different parts of the anterior wall of the vagina. All patients underwent urethral lengthening. For congenital hypospadias, the urethral plate is used to cut the coiled tube during the operation to prolong the urethra. For acquired hypospadias, the stenotic urethra was enlarged and lengthened with a labial pedicled flap coil. The subcutaneous fat pad of the labia majora was mobilized and transferred to the outside of the newly constructed urethra to prevent the occurrence of urethro-vaginal fistula and increase the pressure of the urethra. Five patients with significant urinary incontinence underwent bladder neck reconstruction at the same time. Anatomical success of the procedure was defined as the appearance of a normal-shaped external urethral opening beneath the clitoris. Functional success was defined as the absence of moderate to severe urinary incontinence after surgery, and the maximum urinary flow rate was >15ml/s during the 12-month follow-up period.Results:All operations were successfully completed. All patients had no perioperative complications, and were followed up for 18-96 months, with an average of 57.3±32.5 months. All patients were able to urinate spontaneously after operation, 4 cases of urinary incontinence disappeared, and 2 cases improved significantly; 4 cases of patients with strenuous urination urinated smoothly. The remaining 2 cases still complained of dysuria after operation, which was solved by subsequent urethral dilatation. The anatomical repair success rate was 100.0%(12/12) and the functional success rate was 83.3% (10/12).Conclusions:Urethral lengthening is an effective method for female hypospadias. The pedicled fat pad helps to increase urethral pressure and prevent fistulas. For female patients with hypospadias and severe urinary incontinence, bladder neck reconstruction is an ideal method. of the technique.

5.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 1246-1252, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1006481

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a non-targeted screening method for emerging contaminants in drinking water based on high-resolution mass spectrometry and apply it to actual water samples. MethodsA total of 9 drinking water samples collected from 3 reservoirs in Shanghai were purified and concentrated by HLB solid phase extraction column, then separated and analyzed by liquid chromatography high-resolution mass spectrometer and gas chromatography high⁃resolution mass spectrometer. The acquired data were analyzed by Thermo Tracefinder, Excel and other software combined with mzCloud and NIST databases. The methodology was verified with representative compound standards. Pesticide and perfluorinated compounds were taken as examples to analyze their pollution status. ResultsA non-targeted analysis strategy based on liquid chromatography and gas chromatography tandem high-resolution mass spectrometry was established. The pollution level of 20 kinds of pesticides and 4 kinds of perfluorinated compounds identified in 9 drinking water samples were higher in the Huangpu River than in the Yangtze River estuary. ConclusionThe established non-targeted screening method by high-resolution mass spectrometry can detect potential emerging contaminants in drinking water without relying on the standards, which provides a powerful technical means for water quality monitoring and risk assessment.

6.
Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 259-267, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-969876

ABSTRACT

Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) causes chickenpox when it first infects humans, and the virus may reactivate in adulthood and cause herpes zoster (HZ). Broad-spectrum antiviral drugs are one of the treatments for varicella and herpes zoster, but the emergence of drug resistance poses many challenges to this treatment and increases the burden of disease on patients. This paper discusses the resistance mechanisms, resistance sites and resistance detection methods of anti-VZV drugs in order to help further research on new anti-VZV targets, new drugs and monitoring of resistance to existing drugs.


Subject(s)
Humans , Herpesvirus 3, Human , Herpes Zoster , Chickenpox , Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use , Drug Resistance
7.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 208-216, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971023

ABSTRACT

Given the dual role of autophagy presenting in tumorigenesis and inhibition, we established an autophagy-related gene prognostic index (ARGPI) with validation to well predict the biochemical recurrence (BCR), metastasis, as well as chemoresistance for patients with prostate cancer (PCa) who underwent radical radiotherapy or prostatectomy. Then, Lasso and COX regression was used to develop the ARGPI. We performed the whole analyses through R packages (version 3.6.3). Secreted phosphoprotein 1 (SPP1), single-minded 2 (SIM2), serine protease inhibitor b5 (SERPINB5), aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2), and acyl-CoA synthetase long-chain 3 (ACSL3) were eventually used to establish the ARGPI score. Patients were divided into two different-risk groups based on the median ARGPI score, high-risk patients with a higher risk of BCR than low-risk patients (hazard ratio [HR]: 5.46, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 3.23-9.24). The risk of metastasis of high-risk patients was higher than low-risk patients (HR: 11.31, 95% CI: 4.89-26.12). In The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) dataset, we observed similar prognostic value of ARGPI in terms of BCR-free survival (HR: 1.79, 95% CI: 1.07-2.99) and metastasis-free survival (HR: 1.80, 95% CI: 1.16-2.78). ARGPI score showed a diagnostic accuracy of 0.703 for drug resistance. Analysis of gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) indicated that patients in the high-risk group were significantly positively related to interleukin (IL)-18 signaling pathway. Moreover, ARGPI score was significantly related to cancer-related fibroblasts (CAFs; r = 0.36), macrophages (r = 0.28), stromal score (r = 0.38), immune score (r = 0.35), estimate score (r = 0.39), as well as tumor purity (r = -0.39; all P < 0.05). Drug analysis showed that PI-103 was the common sensitive drug and cell line analysis indicated that PC3 was the common cell line of PI-103 and the definitive gene. In conclusion, we found that ARGPI could predict BCR, metastasis, and chemoresistance in PCa patients who underwent radical radiotherapy or prostatectomy.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Prognosis , Neoplasm Recurrence, Local/pathology , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostatectomy , Drug Resistance , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial
8.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 223-229, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971017

ABSTRACT

We identified distinct senescence-related molecular subtypes and critical genes among prostate cancer (PCa) patients undergoing radical prostatectomy (RP) or radical radiotherapy (RT). We conducted all analyses using R software and its suitable packages. Twelve genes, namely, secreted frizzled-related protein 4 (SFRP4), DNA topoisomerase II alpha (TOP2A), pleiotrophin (PTN), family with sequence similarity 107 member A (FAM107A), C-X-C motif chemokine ligand 14 (CXCL14), prostate androgen-regulated mucin-like protein 1 (PARM1), leucine zipper protein 2 (LUZP2), cluster of differentiation 38 (CD38), cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP), vestigial-like family member 3 (VGLL3), apolipoprotein E (APOE), and aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 family member (ALDH2), were eventually used to subtype PCa patients from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database and GSE116918, and the molecular subtypes showed good correlations with clinical features. In terms of the tumor immune environment (TME) analysis, compared with cluster 1, cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) scored significantly higher, while endothelial cells scored lower in cluster 2 in TCGA database. There was a statistically significant correlation between both CAFs and endothelial cells with biochemical recurrence (BCR)-free survival for PCa patients undergoing RP. For the GSE116918 database, cluster 2 had significantly lower levels of CAFs and tumor purity and higher levels of stromal, immune, and Estimation of STromal and Immune cells in MAlignant Tumor tissues using Expression data (ESTIMATE) scores than cluster 1; in addition, patients with high levels of CAFs, stromal scores, immune scores, and ESTIMATE scores and low levels of tumor purity tended to suffer from BCR. Based on the median of differentially expressed checkpoints, high expression of CD96, hepatitis A virus cellular receptor 2 (HAVCR2), and neuropilin 1 (NRP1) in GSE116918 and high expression of CD160 and tumor necrosis factor (ligand) superfamily member 18 (TNFSF18) in TCGA database were associated with a significantly higher risk of BCR than their counterparts. In conclusion, we first constructed distinct molecular subtypes and critical genes for PCa patients undergoing RP or RT from the fresh perspective of senescence.


Subject(s)
Male , Humans , Endothelial Cells , Ligands , Prostatic Neoplasms/pathology , Prostate/pathology , Prostatectomy , Aldehyde Dehydrogenase, Mitochondrial , DNA-Binding Proteins , Transcription Factors
9.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 184-191, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-971016

ABSTRACT

The circadian clock is an evolutionary molecular product that is associated with better adaptation to changes in the external environment. Disruption of the circadian rhythm plays a critical role in tumorigenesis of many kinds of cancers, including prostate cancer (PCa). Integrating circadian rhythm into PCa research not only brings a closer understanding of the mechanisms of PCa but also provides new and effective options for the precise treatment of patients with PCa. This review begins with patterns of the circadian clock, highlights the role of the disruption of circadian rhythms in PCa at the epidemiological and molecular levels, and discusses possible new approaches to PCa therapy that target the circadian clock.


Subject(s)
Humans , Male , Carcinogenesis , Circadian Clocks/physiology , Circadian Rhythm/physiology , Prostatic Neoplasms/physiopathology
10.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 364-377, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929300

ABSTRACT

Up to 70% of patients with late-stage breast cancer have bone metastasis. Current treatment regimens for breast cancer bone metastasis are palliative with no therapeutic cure. Disseminated tumor cells (DTCs) colonize inside the osteogenic niches in the early stage of bone metastasis. Drug delivery into osteogenic niches to inhibit DTC colonization can prevent bone metastasis from entering its late stage and therefore cure bone metastasis. Here, we constructed a 50% DSS6 peptide conjugated nanoparticle to target the osteogenic niche. The osteogenic niche was always located at the endosteum with immature hydroxyapatite. Arsenic-manganese nanocrystals (around 14 nm) were loaded in osteogenic niche-targeted PEG-PLGA nanoparticles with an acidic environment-triggered arsenic release. Arsenic formulations greatly reduced 4T1 cell adhesion to mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs)/preosteoblasts (pre-OBs) and osteogenic differentiation of osteoblastic cells. Arsenic formulations also prevented tumor cell colonization and dormancy via altering the direct interaction between 4T1 cells and MSCs/pre-OBs. The chemotactic migration of 4T1 cells toward osteogenic cells was blocked by arsenic in mimic 3D osteogenic niche. Systemic administration of osteogenic niche-targeted arsenic nanoparticles significantly extended the survival of mice with 4T1 syngeneic bone metastasis. Our findings provide an effective approach for osteogenic niche-specific drug delivery and suggest that bone metastasis can be effectively inhibited by blockage of tumor cell colonization in the bone microenvironment.

11.
Chinese Journal of Urology ; (12): 871-872, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993938

ABSTRACT

The treatment of vesicovaginal fistula after radiotherapy is difficult. Surgical repair is challenging and the success rate is low. The gracilis flap is widely used in the repair surgery of the perineal region, while it is rarely reported for the repair of vesicovaginal fistula domestically. This article reports a case of vesicovaginal fistula after radiotherapy treated with gracilis flap tamponade. The patient was admitted to the hospital because of continuous vaginal leakage of urine for more than 3 years. Digital vaginal examination and urethroscopy showed that a fistula with a diameter of about 3 cm located at the bladder triangle leading to the vagina. The patient had history of cervical cancer surgery and 23 times of postoperative adjuvant radiotherapy. She underwent vesicovaginal fistula repair with gracilis muscle flap. The urethral catheter was removed 3 weeks after the operation. The patient could urinate normally without vaginal leakage. After 10 months of follow-up, there was no vaginal leakage of urine and patient remains continent.

12.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 60-66, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014173

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effect of dietary intake of o)-3 poly unsaturated fatty acids ( u>-3 PUFAs) on the immune function of chronic graft versus host disease (cGVH) lupus model mice.Methods A single intraperitoneal injection of bml2 mice lymphocytes was used to establish a cGVH mouse model.On the day of modeling, 90% cd-3 PUFAs and 97% EPA were given by gavage for 14 days.The immune indexes of mice were evaluated by flow cytometry, and the serum total J J J ∗ IgG levels were measured by ELISA.Results Compared with control group, cGVH group significantly down-regulated Treg subsets, and up-regulated the Tfh , GC B and plasma subsets in the lupus mice.Comparer] with model control group, u>-3 PUFAs could significantly elevate Treg subsets, and decrease TFH, (X] B, and plasma subsets; serum total IgG levels in the 97% EPA group were significantly reduced.Conclusion In the cGVH lupus mouse model, co-3 PUFAs can suppress some immune functions by increasing Treg cells, reducing TFH, GC B, plasma cells and inhibiting the secretion of IgG.Such immunomodulatory effect provides new sights into the development of a potentially novel treatment modality for cGVH.

13.
Chinese Pharmacological Bulletin ; (12): 518-524, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1014112

ABSTRACT

Aim To investigate the effects of FKBP38 gene on nonalcoholic fatty liver disease ( NAFLD ) model induced by methionine and choline deficiency j J diet (MCD) in mice.Methods The mutant model of hepatocellular specific deletion of FKBP38 gene was successfully established.The mice were divided into wild-type group ( WT) and homologous knockout group (L-FKBP38 ).Mice were fed with MCD for four weeks to construct NAFLD model.Liver injury was e- valuated by the contents of alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST) in the serum samples.We also performed HE staining, examined lipid accumulation by triglyceride (TG) and total cholesterol (CHO) and oil red staining, as well as macrophage infiltration by F4/80 immunohistochemical stai-ning of the liver sections.Fatty acid metabolism-relat ed genes were quantifier] by Quantitative Real-time PCR assays.Results Comparer] with WT group, the levels of ALT, AST, TG and CHO in serum signifi- eantly inereased ( P < 0.05 ) ; liver damage , lipid ac- eumulation, and maerophage infiltration were markedly more severe, and the expressions of fatty aeirl oxidation related genes PPARa, ACOX-1 , CPT-la and SIRT3 markedly rleereaserl ( P < 0.05) in the liver samples of L-FKBP38 group.Conclusions Hepatocellular speeifie deletion of FKBP38 intensifies lipid accumula- tion by inhibiting fatty aeid oxidation in the liver, thus exaeerbating nonaleoholie fatty liver disease.

14.
Shanghai Journal of Preventive Medicine ; (12): 607-610, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-936478

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo prepare pesticide residues in fruit matrix samples that meet the requirements of homogeneity and stability for the proficiency test. MethodsThe pollution-free apple was selected as the main raw material to prepare the pesticide residue proficiency test samples of myclobutanil and procymidone, and to evaluate the homogeneity and stability. The results of the proficiency test were assessed using robust analysis and Ζ value. ResultsThe homogeneity and stability of the reference materials met the relevant requirements. Among 109 laboratories participated in the proficiency testing, 107 (98.2%) laboratories had satisfactory results. Suspicious test results were reported only in two laboratories, one laboratory for each of the two assessment items. ConclusionAn apple powder matrix sample with pesticide residues is successfully prepared for proficiency test, and could provide an evaluation tool for pesticide residue testing laboratories.

15.
Chinese Journal of Orthopaedics ; (12): 1028-1036, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-957096

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of transphyseal anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction with hamstring autograft in skeletally immature pubescent adolescents.Methods:Retrospectively reviewed 10 skeletally immature pubescent patients (10 knees) who underwent transphyseal ACL reconstruction with hamstring autograft between May 2015 and May 2020 in our center. Out of the 10 patients, 6 were males aged 14.2±1.4 years (range, 13-15 years) with bone age 13-15 years, 4 were females aged 12.4±1.2 years (range, 11-13 years) with bone age 11-13 years. The average duration from injury to surgery was 8.3±5.3 months (range, 3-48 months). Before operation, left hand and wrist plain film were done to assess bone age. Before operation and at follow up, physical examination, KT-1000 measurements and functional outcome instruments (the Lysholm score, and the Tegner score) were done. Radiographs were performed for angular deformity and leg-length measurements. The surgery was conducted via arthroscopically assisted transphyseal reconstruction of the ACL with use of an autogenous quadrupled hamstring tendon graft and fixation devices that did not cross the physes. A protective knee brace was used for 1 month postoperatively. Comparison of Lysholm score and Tegner score before and after surgery was performed using t test. Results:Arthroscopy confirmed ACL rupture in 10 knees. Concurrent meniscal surgery was performed in 3 knees. The follow-up duration was 3.2±2.3 years (range 2-5 years), one of 10 patients had ligament reinjury 1 year after surgery with positive anterior drawer test and Lachman test. As for the remaining 9 patients, the mean Lysholm knee score improved from preoperative 76.1±8.2 to 95.8 ±3.5, and the mean Tegner score improved from preoperative 4.3±0.9 to 8.3±0.6, both of the two outcomes had statistically significant difference ( t=6.43, P=0.024; t=4.41, P=0.033). One patients was weakly positive for anterior drawer test and Lachman test, with KT-1000 side difference >3 mm, the remaining eight were negative for anterior drawer test and Lachman test, and KT-1000 side difference was mean 1.7±0.7 mm. All patients had no more than 5° restriction in knee range of motion compared with the healthy side. The full-length X-ray of the standing lower limbs showed no length and angle deformity in both lower limbs. Conclusion:Transphyseal ACL reconstruction with autogenous quadrupled hamstring graft in treating skeletally immature pubescent patients (bone age over 13 years in male and 11 years in female) yields satisfied functional outcomes without growth disturbance.

16.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 66-72, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906113

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the effect of Ziziphi Spinosae Semen (ZSS) and Albiziae Flos (AF) on behavior and endoplasmic reticulum stress endoplasmic reticulum stress protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK)/activated transcription factor 4 (ATF4)/CCAAT enhancer binding protein (CHOP) pathway in depression model rats, and to explore its antidepressant mechanism. Method:The male SD rats were divided into normal group, model group, ZSS-AF high dose, middle dose and low dose groups (16, 8, 4 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>) and Venlafaxine group (0.008 g·kg<sup>-1</sup>), <italic>n</italic>=15 in each group. Except the normal group, the depression model was established in the rats of other 5 groups by the method of chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) combined with isolated feeding. The normal group and model group were given with distilled water by gavage when modeling, while other groups received corresponding drug by intragastric administration for 21 days. Behavior changes of rats in each group were observed by the open field test and sugar water consumption test on 1<sup>th </sup>and 21<sup>th</sup>day of the experiment. The protein expressions of PERK, CHOP, B-cell lymphoma-2 associated X protein (Bax) and cysteine-containing aspartate-specific proteases-3(Caspase-3) were detected by Western blot(WB), the ultrastructural changes of the hippocampus were observed by transmission electron microscope, the apoptosis of hippocampal neurons was observed by terminal-deoxynucleoitidyl transferase mediated nick end labeling (TUNEL) method. Result:Compared with the normal group, the scores of open field test and sugar water consumption rate in model group rats decreased (<italic>P</italic><0.01). Compared with the model group, the scores of open field test and water consumption rate increased (<italic>P</italic><0.01) in ZSS-AF groups and Venlafaxine group. Transmission electron microscope showed that the changes of neuronal damage in hippocampal were revealed in the model group, whereas those neuronal damages were relieved in ZSS-AF groups and Venlafaxine group. TUNEL method showed that the number of apoptotic neurons in hippocampal increased in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), but decreased in ZSS-AFgroups and Venlafaxine group (<italic>P</italic><0.01). WB results showed that as compared with the normal group, protein expressions of PERK, CHOP, Bax and Caspase-3 were up-regulated significantly in the model group (<italic>P</italic><0.01), whereas those were down-regulated in ZSS-AF groups and Venlafaxine group (<italic>P</italic><0.05, <italic>P</italic><0.01). Conclusion:The antidepressant effect of ZSS-AF herbal pair may be correlated with the regulation of endoplasmic reticulum stress PERK/ATF4/-CHOP pathway.

17.
Asian Journal of Andrology ; (6): 197-204, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-879740

ABSTRACT

Oligoasthenoteratozoospermia (OAT) refers to the combination of various sperm abnormalities, including a decreased sperm count, reduced motility, and abnormal sperm morphology. Only a few genetic causes have been shown to be associated with OAT. Herein, we identified a novel homozygous frameshift mutation in meiosis-specific nuclear structural 1 (MNS1; NM_018365: c.603_604insG: p.Lys202Glufs*6) by whole-exome sequencing in an OAT proband from a consanguineous Chinese family. Subsequent variant screening identified four additional heterozygous MNS1 variants in 6/219 infertile individuals with oligoasthenospermia, but no MNS1 variants were observed among 223 fertile controls. Immunostaining analysis showed MNS1 to be normally located in the whole-sperm flagella, but was absent in the proband's sperm. Expression analysis by Western blot also confirmed that MNS1 was absent in the proband's sperm. Abnormal flagellum morphology and ultrastructural disturbances in outer doublet microtubules were observed in the proband's sperm. A total of three intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycles were carried out for the proband's wife, but they all failed to lead to a successful pregnancy. Overall, this is the first study to report a loss-of-function mutation in MNS1 causing OAT in a Han Chinese patient.

18.
West China Journal of Stomatology ; (6): 48-52, 2021.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-878408

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#To assess the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment by using Andrews' six elements and the American Board of Orthodontic (ABO) objective grading system (OGS); to determine whether Andrews' six elements can be used as a new assessment system for patients who completed their orthodontic treatment.@*METHODS@#A total of 160 patients who completed their orthodontic treatment were included in the study. The participants were randomly selected from patients who completed their orthodontic procedures in Kunming Medical University Affiliated Stomatological Hospital during the period of 2015 to 2019. The retrospective completed cases were examined in accordance with the Andrews' six elements and ABO measuring scales. Scores were assigned to each tooth in each category. All the measurement items in both evaluation criteria, the composite category score, and the total score were calculated. The passing and potential passing rates of the completed cases were compared with two measuring scales via the Chi-square test.@*RESULTS@#The passing rate for the evaluation of cases by using the Andrews' six elements measuring scale was 83.8%, and that for the evaluation of cases by using the ABO measuring scale was 86.3%. The differences in achieving the standard between the cases of Andrews' six elements and ABO-OGS via the Chi-square test were statistically insignificant (@*CONCLUSIONS@#The performance of Andrews' six elements was comparable with that of ABO-OGS in assessing the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment. Andrews' six elements can be used as a new system for assessing the treatment outcome of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment. It demonstrated particular advantage in controlling facial profile, and had just completed material of patients who completed their orthodontic treatment it can measure. The Andrews' six elements measuring scale is convenient to disseminate and use.


Subject(s)
Humans , Dental Care , Incisor , Orthodontics , Retrospective Studies , Treatment Outcome
19.
Clinical Medicine of China ; (12): 135-138, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-867504

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application of 3D printing technique in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) of patients with complicated kidney stones.Methods:From January 2015 to December 2017, 60 patients with complicated kidney stones were enrolled in the First Affiliated Hospital of Hebei North University for prospective study, and PCNL was proposed.All the patients were randomly divided into 3D print group (30 cases) and conventional image inspection group (30 cases, control group). Before operation, CT urography (CTU) was used in both groups.In 3D printing group, digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) files of CT were extracted for 3D image postprocessing, and thermoplastic materials were used to print 3D model.In the 3D printing group, the digital imaging and communications in medicine (DICOM) files of CT were extracted for 3D image post-processing, and the 3D model was printed with thermoplastic materials.According to the comprehensive planning of 3D kidney model, a virtual safe and reliable percutaneous renal access was established for each patient, and PCNL was executed.The patients in the two groups were compared before, during and after operation.Preoperative: age, sex, body mass index, blood creatinine, stone size and CT value.During the operation: (1) the target renal calices location time; (2) the conformity between the preoperative planning and the actual operation; (3) the operation completion time.After operation: (1) stone removal rate; (2) hemoglobin reduction level; (3) postoperative recovery.Results:All the 60 patients successfully completed the operation, 30 patients successfully printed out the 3D model, which can accurately express the relationship between the stone and the adjacent anatomical structure, the internal renal artery and the collecting system.Positioning time of 3D printing group in target renal calices((2.9 ± 1.5) min vs.(5.8 ± 1.7) min, P=0.023), coincidence between simulated and actual puncture calices((89.5 ± 3.5)% vs.(60.2 ± 5.7)%, P=0.005), postoperative stone removal rate ((89.9 ± 4.5)% vs.(75.9 ± 5.2)%, P=0.009), and hemoglobin levels((1.4 ± 0.5) g/L vs.(2.9 ± 1.4) g/L, P=0.032) were superior to the control group, and the difference was statistically significant.But there was no significant difference between the two groups (all P>0.05). Conclusion:The 3D printed kidney model truly restores the anatomical details around the kidneys and stones, providing a stereoscopic and intuitive way to perform surgery, so it maybe has a significance guidance for percutaneous nephrolithotomy.

20.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 3967-3973, 2020.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-828360

ABSTRACT

To systemically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Banmao Capsules in the adjuvant treatment for non-small cell lung cancer(NSCLC). All of randomized controlled trials(RCT) about Banmao Capsules in adjuvant treatment for non-small cell lung cancer were retrieved in PubMed, EMbase, Cochrane Library, CNKI, VIP, CBM, WanFang database from database inception to August 2019. Two researchers extracted data and assessed literature quality separately, and made a Meta-analysis by RevMan 5.3 software. Thirteen trials involving 1 148 patients, including 595 in treatment group and 553 in control group, were enrolled in the review. The Meta-analysis showed that compared with conventional treatment, adjuvant treatment of NSCLC with Banmao Capsules can enhance the objective tumor response rate(RR=1.43,95%CI[1.30,1.58],P<0.01), and the disease control rate(RR=1.16,95%CI[1.11,1.22],P<0.01); improve the quality of life(RR=1.56,95%CI[1.27,1.92],P<0.01); reduce the incidence of myelosuppression(RR=0.41,95%CI[0.26,0.66],P<0.01), gastrointestinal reactions(RR=0.46,95%CI[0.33,0.65],P<0.01), liver and kidney dysfunction(RR=0.44,95%CI[0.29,0.66],P<0.01). The results showed that in the treatment of NSCLC, Banmao Capsules can increase the short-term efficacy, improve the quality of life of patients, and reduce the side effects of platinum-based chemotherapy drugs. More high-quality and large-scale randomized controlled trials are required in the future.


Subject(s)
Humans , Capsules , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung , Drugs, Chinese Herbal , Lung Neoplasms , Quality of Life
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