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1.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 48-54, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005253

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish an allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for identifying Scolopendra dispensing granules, so as to ensure the quality and therapeutic effects of Scolopendra and its preparations. MethodThe primer interval suitable for the PCR was selected based on the cytochrome c oxidase subunit 3(COX-3) gene sequence of Scolopendra, and the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) loci of Scolopendra and its adulterants were mined from the interval for the design of specific primers. The samples of Scolopendra and its adulterants were collected. The PCR system was established and optimized regarding the annealing temperature, cycles, Taq enzymes, DNA template amount, PCR instruments, and primer concentrations, and the specificity and applicability of this method were evaluated. ResultThe PCR system was composed of 12.5 μL 2×M5 PCR Mix, 0.4 μL forward primer (10 μmol·L-1), 0.4 μL reverse primer (10 μmol·L-1), 2.5 μL DNA template, and 9.2 μL sterile double distilled water. PCR parameters: Pre-denaturation at 94 ℃ for 3 min, 30 cycles (94 ℃ for 20 s, 62 ℃ for 20 s, 72 ℃ for 45 s), and extension at 72 ℃ for 5 min. After PCR amplification with the system and parameters above, the electrophoresis revealed a bright band at about 135 bp for Scolopendra and no band for the adulterants. ConclusionThe established allele-specific PCR method can accurately identify the medicinal materials, decoction pieces, and standard decoction freeze-dried powder of Scolopendra, as well as the intermediates and final products of Scolopendra dispensing granules, which is of great significance for ensuring the quality and clinical efficacy of Scolopendra and its preparations.

2.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 42-47, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005252

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) method for rapid distinguishing Periplocae Cortex from Acanthopanacis Cortex and Lycii Cortex, so as to avoid the influence of genetic confusion on drug safety. MethodThe DSS-tagged sequences of Periplocae Cortex were obtained from the Chloroplast Genome Information Resource (CGIR) and analyzed to find the enzymatic cleavage sites that were different from those of Acanthopanacis Cortex and Lycii Cortex. The specific enzymatic cleavage site, Cla I, of Periplocae Cortex was selected, on the basis of which the primers for PCR-RFLP were designed. Furthermore, the factors such as annealing temperature, number of cycles, Taq enzyme, PCR instruments, and enzymatic treatment time that may influence PCR-RFLP were studied. The established PCR-RFLP method was applied to the identification of Periplocae Cortex, Acanthopanacis Cortex, and Lycii Cortex samples produced in different regions. ResultThe PCR-RFLP at the annealing temperature of 59 ℃ and with 40 cycles showed clear bands of the samples. When the enzyme digestion time was 30 min. The reaction produced the target bands at about 140 bp and 290 bp for both Periplocae Cortex and its original plant and only a band at about 430 bp for Acanthopanacis Cortex, Lycii Cortex, and their original plants. The method can accurately distinguish Periplocae Cortex from its confounders Acanthopanacis Cortex and Lycii Cortex. ConclusionThe PCR-RFLP method for distinguishing Periplocae Cortex from Acanthopanacis Cortex and Lycii Cortex was established. It has high stability, sensitivity, and applicability, providing a reference for the quality control of Periplocae Cortex, Acanthopanacis Cortex, and Lycii Cortex.

3.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 35-41, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005251

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo identify Lycium chinense and L. barbarum as the original plants of Lycii Cortex simply and efficiently by multiple allele-specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR). MethodThe chloroplast genome sequences of L. chinense and L. barbarum were downloaded from the Chloroplast Genome Information Resource (CGIR), and then IdenDSS was employed to screen out the specific single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites between the two plants. Primer 5.0 was used to design the specific primers, including primers GQ-F/R for identifying L. chinense and primers NX-F/R for identifying L. barbarum. Furthermore, the primer concentration ratio, annealing temperature, cycles, and Taq enzyme were optimized to establish the optimal PCR system and conditions for plant identification. Finally, the applicability of the established method was examined with the plant samples collected from different regions. ResultThe PCR with GQ-F/R∶NX-F/R concentration ratio of 2∶1 at the annealing temperature at 59 ℃ and for 30 cycles showed specific bands at 183 bp and 295 bp, respectively, for L. chinense and L. barbarum samples from different regions. ConclusionThe established PCR approach can simply, rapidly, and efficiently identify the original plants of Lycii Cortex, serving as a new method for the discrimination between L. chinense and L. barbarum. Moreover, the method provides technical support for the research and development of classic famous prescriptions containing Lycii Cortex.

4.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 21-28, 2024.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005249

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a method based on specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) that can accurately and rapidly identify Astragalus membranaceus var. mongholicus (AMM) seeds and A. membranaceus (AM) seeds. MethodThe Chloroplast Genome Information Resource (CGIR) and IdenDSS were used to obtain the characteristic DNA fragments of AMM and AM, and the specific single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites of AMM and AM were screened out, on the basis of which the specific primers MG-F/MG-R of AMM and MJ-F/MJ-R of AM were designed. The specific PCR method for identifying AMM and AM was established and optimized, and the specificity and applicability of the method were investigated. ResultThe specific PCR conditions for the identification of AMM were primers MG-F/MG-R, annealing at 62 ℃, and 28 cycles. After PCR amplification and gel electrophoresis, the specific band appeared at about 220 bp, with no band for the seeds of AM or adulterants. The specific PCR conditions for identifying the AM were primers MJ-F/MJ-R, annealing at 58 ℃, and 28 cycles. After PCR amplification and gel electrophoresis, the band appeared at about 150 bp, with no band of AMM or adulterants. ConclusionThe specific PCR method established in this study can accurately and quickly identify the seeds of AMM and AM, which provides a basis for the classification and accurate identification of Astragalus seeds and adulterants.

5.
Chinese Journal of Health Management ; (6): 19-24, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-993639

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the correlation between cognitive impairment and cortical atrophy in elderly patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis (ACAS).Methods:In this cross-sectional study, 40 consecutive elderly patients with ACAS treated in the Department of Neurology, Northern Jiangsu People′s Hospital from July 1, 2020 to June 30, 2021 (ACAS group), and 40 elderly healthy controls who accepted physical examination during the same period (control group) were included. Cognitive assessment was performed using the Mental State Examination Scale (MMSE) and the Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), and brain magnetic resonance imaging scanning was performed in the ACAS group. The artificial intelligence technique was applied for brain lobe segmentation and cortical volume calculation. The χ2-test, independent sample t-test and Wilcoxon non-parametric test were used to analyze the difference of clinical data and cognitive scores between the two groups. In the ACAS group, the cortical volumes of the side with carotid stenosis was compared with that of the normal side, and Spearman′s correlation analysis was used to assess the correlation between cognitive scores and cortical atrophy. Results:Compared with the control group, the ACAS group got significantly lower scores of MMSE and MoCA, as well as lower scores of visuospatial executive function, attention and calculation, language function, abstraction ability and delayed recall [(25.60±2.49) vs (27.18±1.01), (22.05±3.59) vs (25.60±1.43), (2.73±1.04) vs (4.08±0.62), (4.53±0.93) vs (5.03±0.66), 2.00 (0.00) vs 3.00 (0.00), 1.00 (1.00) vs 2.00 (0.00), and (2.95±0.96) vs (3.35±0.62)] (all P<0.05). There was not significant differences in naming and orientation ability between the two groups (both P>0.05). The volume of cortical, temporal lobe, frontal lobe, parietal lobe and insular lobe on the side with carotid stenosis in the ACAS group were significantly smaller than those on the normal side [186.23 (177.97, 202.53) vs 194.67 (185.65, 204.82) cm 3, 54.74 (50.66, 56.95) vs 55.61 (51.24, 58.49) cm 3, 72.98 (70.76, 78.34) vs 75.27 (72.34, 80.66) cm 3, 53.66 (51.11, 57.86) vs 56.59 (52.80, 60.09) cm 3, 6.57 (6.35, 7.07) vs 6.72 (6.46, 7.34) cm 3] (all P<0.05). The MoCA score in the ACAS group was positively related to the cortical volume ratio of the two sides ( r=0.427, P<0.01). The attention ( r=0.353) and abstraction ( r=0.226) ability scores were positively correlated with the temporal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (both P<0.05). The visuospatial executive ( r=0.187) and language ( r=0.373) ability scores were positively correlated with frontal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (both P<0.05), and visuospatial executive ( r=0.386), naming ( r=0.344), language ( r=0.517), abstraction ( r=0.335) and delayed recall ( r=0.333) ability scores were positively correlated with parietal lobe volume ratios of the two sides (all P<0.05). Conclusion:In elderly patients with ACAS, the cognitive impairment and cortical atrophy on the sides with carotid stenosis are significant and a positive correlation is detected between them.

6.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 194-201, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-961699

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveIn recent years, with the sharp decline of wild resources in Arisaematis Rhizoma and Pinelliae Rhizoma and the immaturity of medicinal cultivation technology, their adulterants have appeared frequently in the market, and the main identifying characteristics have mostly disappeared in the circulation of medicinal materials. Therefore, there is an urgent need to establish a molecular identification method that can quickly and effectively identify the specificity of Arisaematis Rhizoma and Pinelliae Rhizoma. MethodAfter comparison of the rbcL sequences of Arisaematis Rhizoma,Pinelliae Rhizoma, and their adulterants, the specific enzyme cleavage sites Hae Ⅲ and Dra Ⅰ of Arisaematis Rhizoma and Pinelliae Rhizoma, respectively, were selected and identified by polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism(PCR-RFLP). The main system conditions of PCR-RFLP reaction were established and optimized, and their durability and the ability to detect genuine, adulterants, and mixed counterfeits were investigated. ResultThe PCR-RFLP identification method of Arisaematis Rhizoma and Pinelliae Rhizoma was established. After specific primer amplification, Arisaematis Rhizoma and Pinelliae Rhizoma could be digested by Hae Ⅲ and Dra Ⅰ-restricted endonucleases respectively, at annealing temperature of 54 ℃, the number of cycles of 35, and the amount of DNA template of 3-30 ng, producing two fragments or small cut fragments with a single band between 100-250 bp, whereas the mixed counterfeits were not cleaved and both showed a band at 250 bp. The method is highly accurate in identifying adulterants and mixed counterfeits of Arisaematis Rhizoma or Pinelliae Rhizoma. ConclusionThe PCR-RFLP method developed in this study allows for the rapid identification of Arisaematis Rhizoma and Pinelliae Rhizoma.

7.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica B ; (6): 1755-1770, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982818

ABSTRACT

For wild natural medicine, unanticipated biodiversity as species or varieties with similar morphological characteristics and sympatric distribution may co-exist in a single batch of medical materials, which affects the efficacy and safety of clinical medication. DNA barcoding as an effective species identification tool is limited by its low sample throughput nature. In this study, combining DNA mini-barcode, DNA metabarcoding and species delimitation method, a novel biological sources consistency evaluation strategy was proposed, and high level of interspecific and intraspecific variations were observed and validated among 5376 Amynthas samples from 19 sampling points regarded as "Guang Dilong" and 25 batches of proprietary Chinese medicines. Besides Amynthas aspergillum as the authentic source, 8 other Molecular Operational Taxonomic Units (MOTUs) were elucidated. Significantly, even the subgroups within A. aspergillum revealed here differ significantly on chemical compositions and biological activity. Fortunately, this biodiversity could be controlled when the collection was limited to designated areas, as proved by 2796 "decoction pieces" samples. This batch biological identification method should be introduced as a novel concept regarding natural medicine quality control, and to offer guidelines for in-situ conservation and breeding bases construction of wild natural medicine.

8.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1789-1794, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992233

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effect of endovascular therapy (including balloon dilation, debulking and anti-restenosis technique) for below-the-ankle atherosclerotic lesions in chronic limb threatening ischemic patients.Methods:A retrospective analysis was performed on the clinical data of 465 patients (570 limbs) with below-the-ankle atherosclerosis who were consecutively admitted to Beijing Tsinghua Changgung Hospital Affiliated to Tsinghua University from April 2018 to December 2021. All patients received balloon dilatation below the ankle artery as basic treatment, including 67 patients in debulking subgroup, 82 patients in anti-restenosis subgroup and 11 patients in the triple therapy subgroup. The reocclusion rate, target lesion reintervention rate at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after surgery were compared; The wound healing rate at 3 months, limb salvage rate at 6 and 12 months and mortality at 12 months in the Global Limb Anatomic Staging System (GLASS) grading groups P0, P1 and P2 were compared.Results:The technical success rate of this group was 76.0%(433 limbs/570 limbs). The follow-up rates of 6 and 12 months after operation were 85.4%(370 limbs/433 limbs) and 75.3%(326 limbs/433 limbs), respectively. The length of treated lesions was (3.6±1.3)cm; The reocclusion rates were 5.5%(23 limbs/420 limbs), 8.2%(33 limbs/403 limbs), 14.9%(55 limbs/370 limbs) and 23.6%(77 limbs/326 limbs) at 1, 3, 6 and 12 months after operation; The reintervention rate of target lesions in 6, 12 months was 7.6%(28 limbs/370 limbs) and 12.0%(39 limbs/326 limbs) respectively; The wound healing rate in groups P0, P1 and P2 within 3 months was 87.3%(192 limbs), 70.5%(62 limbs) and 10.5%(2 limbs) respectively ( P<0.001), the limb salvage rate in 6 months was 96.2%(200 limbs), 84.7%(127 limbs) and 33.3%(4 limbs) respectively ( P<0.001), and the limb salvage rate in 12 months was 78.7%(170 limbs), 54.5%(55 limbs) and 22.2%(2 limbs) respectively ( P<0.001). The mortality was 6.9%(32/465) 12 months after operation. Conclusions:Endovascular therapy below-the-ankle is feasible and has high technical success rate. The constitute integrity of pedal-plantar loop in limb- threatening phase is related to 3-month wound healing rate and limb salvage rate.

9.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 133-139, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940737

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveUncommon medicinal herbs are valuable medicinal resources, but their identification is a difficult problem in Chinese medicine due to their particularity and complexity. It is, therefore, urgent to establish a method for the identification of uncommon medicinal herbs. In this study, DNA signature sequence (DSS) tags were used to establish a specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identification method for Hibisci Cortex, the origin plant of Hibisci Cortex, and its adulterants. MethodThe candidate DSS tags were obtained from the chloroplast genome sequence analysis, and the DSS tags were verified by DNA sequencing. The specific identification primers for H. syriacus were designed based on the obtained reliable DSS tags. The PCR reaction conditions were optimized, and the tolerance and feasibility were investigated. ResultA DSS tag for identification of H. syriacus was obtained from the comparison of sequencing results of the amplified products with DSS, which revealed the distinguishing characteristics of Hibisci Cortex and its adulterants. A pair of specific primers for H. syriacus was designed according to the DSS tag. After PCR amplification and gel electrophoresis with the primers, a single bright band of about 270 bp was observed from H. syriacus, which did not appear in the four adulterants. ConclusionA DSS tag obtained in this study can be used to identify H. syriacus. The specific primers designed based on this DSS tag can accurately and simply identify the original plant of Hibisci Cortex and its adulterants, which provides a new method and idea for the molecular identification of genuine and counterfeit products of Hibisci Cortex.

10.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 127-132, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940736

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) method for the identification of Artemisia absinthium to allow accurate and convenient identification of A. absinthium and its related species. MethodThe chloroplast genome sequences of A. absinthium and its related species were searched from Chloroplast Genome Information Resource (CGIR), and the specific single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites of A. absinthium were screened out. A pair of specific identification primers (zykh1-F and zykh1-R) of A. absinthium was designed. The original plant samples of A. absinthium and its related species were collected. The specific PCR method was established and optimized, and the tolerance and feasibility of this method were investigated and verified. The method was used to identify A. absinthium samples purchased from Xinjiang medicinal materials market. ResultA 210 bp bright band was obtained from A. absinthium after PCR amplification and gel electrophoresis under the following conditions: specific primers zykh1-F and zykh1-R, annealing temperature of 54 ℃, and the number of cycles of 33. No such band was observed from its relative species, such as A. argyi, A. annua, A. leucophylla, and A. lavandulaefolia. ConclusionThe specific PCR identification method of established in this study can accurately identify A. absinthium and its common related species with high specificity. The method can save time and cost and allows a convenient and fast species identification for the introduction and utilization of A. absinthium resources.

11.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 119-126, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940735

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveIn order to ensure the safety and effectiveness of clinical drug use , the identification method of mixed and adulterated specific polymerase chain reaction (PCR) identification of Pheretima aspergillum and its processed products was established. MethodBased on the cytochrome C oxidase subunit I sequence of P. aspergillum, primers were designed to cover the whole sequences, and the stable DNA ranges suitable for the identification of Pheretima (P. aspergillum) formula granule were screened out. Specific primers were designed according to the specific single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of P. aspergillum in the stable DNA range. The P. aspergillum and its mixture were collected respectively, the PCR reaction system was established and optimized, and PCR reaction system and procedure were optimized, and the tolerance and applicability were investigated. ResultWhen the annealing temperature was 62 ℃ and the cycle number was 36, both P. aspergillum formula granule and its formula particles could amplify a single specific identification band of about 170 bp, and the other 20 adulterants and negative controls had no band. ConclusionThe allele-specific PCR identification method established in this study can quickly and accurately identify the P. aspergillum formula granule. The orgin of Chinese herbal medicine and decoction pieces and P. aspergillum were accurately identified. It can also provide a reference for other studies on the quality standard research of other Chinese herbal formula granule.

12.
Chinese Journal of Experimental Traditional Medical Formulae ; (24): 106-112, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-940733

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo establish a polymerase chain reaction(PCR) method to accurately discriminate the crude materials of Murrayae Folium et Cacumen, Murraya exotica and M. paniculata. MethodBased on the difference in chloroplast genome sequences of M. exotica and M. paniculata, species-specific identification primers P03 and P04 of M. exotica and M. paniculata were designed according to single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) on the chloroplast genome. A multiplex allele-specific PCR identification method was established for the identification of M. exotica and M. paniculata following the optimization of annealing temperature, number of cycles, and primer concentration ratio. The established PCR method for identification was explored and verified in terms of tolerance and feasibility by investigating the type of Taq polymerases and PCR system model. ResultIn this multiplex allele-specific PCR identification method, about 330 and 230 bp of specific fragments were amplified from DNA templates of M. exotica and M. paniculata, respectively, under the following conditions:cycle number of 31, annealing temperature of 60 ℃, and primer concentration ratio of P03 and P04 of 1∶2. Consistent results were obtained for samples from different sources. ConclusionThe multiplex allele-specific PCR identification method established in this study can accurately identify the origin of Murrayae Folium et Cacumen, which can be used for the simultaneous identification of M. exotica and M. paniculata by the length of fragments in a single identification assay.

13.
Chinese Journal of Oncology ; (12): 112-119, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935190

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the feasibility, safety and efficacy of intrathecal pemetrexed (IP) treated for patients with leptomeningeal metastases (LM) from solid tumors. Methods: Forty-seven patients receiving pemetrexed intrathecal chemotherapy in the First Hospital of Jilin University from 2017 to 2018 were selected. The study of pemetrexed intrathecal chemotherapy adopted the classical dose-climbing model and included 13 patients with meningeal metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer who had relapsed and refractory after multiple previous treatments including intrathecal chemotherapy. Based on the dose climbing study, 34 patients with meningeal metastasis of solid tumor who did not receive intrathecal chemotherapy were enrolled in a clinical study using pemetrexed as the first-line intrathecal chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy. Kaplan-Meier method and Log rank test were used for survival analysis, and Cox regression model was used for influencing factor analysis. Results: The dose climbing study showed that the maximum tolerated dose of pemetrexed intrathecal chemotherapy was 10 mg per single dose, and the recommended dosing regimen was 10 mg once or twice a week. The incidence of adverse reactions was 10 cases, including hematological adverse reactions (7 cases), transaminase elevation (2 cases), nerve root reactions (5 cases), fatigue and weight loss (1 case). The incidence of serious adverse reactions was 4, including grade 4-5 poor hematology (2 cases), grade 4 nerve root irritation (2 cases), and grade 4 elevated aminotransferase (1 case). In the dose climbing study, 4 patients were effectively treated and 7 were disease controlled. The survival time was ranged from 0.3 to 14.0 months and a median survival time was 3.8 months. The clinical study of pemetrexed intrathecal chemotherapy combined with radiotherapy showed that the treatment mode of 10 mg pemetrexed intrathecal chemotherapy once a week combined with synchronous involved area radiotherapy 40 Gy/4 weeks had a high safety and reactivity. The incidence of major adverse reactions was 52.9% (18/34), including hematologic adverse reactions (13 cases), transaminase elevation (10 cases), and nerve root reactions (4 cases). In study 2, the response rate was 67.6% (23/34), the disease control rate was 73.5% (25/34), the overall survival time was ranged from 0.3 to 16.6 months, the median survival time was 5.5 months, and the 1-year survival rate was 21.6%. Clinical response, improvement of neurological dysfunction, completion of concurrent therapy and subsequent systemic therapy were associated with the overall survival (all P<0.05). Conclusions: Pemetrexed is suitable for the intrathecal chemotherapy with a high safety and efficacy. The recommended administration regimen was IP at 10 mg on the schedule of once or twice per week. Hematological toxicity is the main factor affecting the implementation of IP. Vitamin supplement can effectively control the occurrence of hematological toxicity.


Subject(s)
Humans , Antineoplastic Combined Chemotherapy Protocols/therapeutic use , Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung/drug therapy , Lung Neoplasms/drug therapy , Meningeal Carcinomatosis/drug therapy , Pemetrexed , Treatment Outcome
14.
Chinese Journal of Cardiology ; (12): 243-248, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-935135

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the relationship between fasting blood glucose level and thromboembolism events in patients with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF). Methods: This was an observational study based on data from a multicenter, prospective Chinese atrial fibrillation registry cohort, which included 18 703 consecutive patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in 31 hospitals in Beijing from August 2011 to December 2018. Patients were divided into 5 groups according to status of comorbid diabetes and fasting glucose levels at admission: normal blood glucose (normal glucose group), pre-diabetes group, strict glycemic control group, average glycemic control group and poor glycemic control group. Patients were followed up by telephone or outpatient service every 6 months. The primary follow-up endpoint was thromboembolic events, including ischemic stroke and systemic embolism. The secondary endpoint was the composite endpoint of cardiovascular death and thromboembolic events. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and multifactorial Cox regression were used to analyze the correlation between fasting glucose levels and endpoint events. Results: The age of 18 703 patients with NVAF was (63.8±12.0) years, and there were 11 503 (61.5%) male patients. There were 11 877 patients (63.5%) in normal blood glucose group, 2 023 patients (10.8%)in pre-diabetes group, 1 131 patients (6.0%) in strict glycemic control group, 811 patients in average glycemic control group and 2 861 patients(4.3%) in poor glycemic control group. Of the 4 803 diabetic patients, 1 131 patients (23.5%) achieved strict glycemic control, of whom 328 (29.0%) were hypoglycemic (fasting blood glucose level<4.4 mmol/L at admission). During a mean follow-up of (51±23) months (up to 82 months), thromboembolic events were reported in 984 patients (5.3%). The survival curve analysis of Kaplan Meier showed that the incidence rates of thromboembolic events in normal glucose group, pre-diabetes group, strict glycemic control group, average glycemic control group and poor glycemic control group were 1.10/100, 1.41/100, 2.09/100, 1.46/100 and 1.71/100 person-years, respectively (χ²=53.0, log-rank P<0.001). The incidence rates of composite endpoint events were 1.86/100, 2.17/100, 4.08/100, 2.58/100, 3.16/100 person-years (χ²=72.3, log-rank P<0.001). The incidence of thromboembolic events and composite endpoint events in the other four groups were higher than that in the normal blood glucose group (P<0.001). Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed that compared with normal glucose group, the risk of thromboembolism increased in pre-diabetes group(HR=1.23, 95%CI 1.00-1.51, P=0.049), strict glycemic control group(HR=1.32, 95%CI 1.06-1.65, P=0.013) and poor glycemic control group(HR=1.26, 95%CI 1.01-1.58, P=0.044). Conclusion: Both high or low fasting glucose may be an independent risk factor for thromboembolic events in patients with NVAF.


Subject(s)
Aged , Humans , Male , Middle Aged , Atrial Fibrillation/complications , Blood Glucose/analysis , Fasting , Prospective Studies , Thromboembolism/etiology
15.
Chinese Journal of Ultrasonography ; (12): 312-317, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-932405

ABSTRACT

Objective:To detect the changes of liver stiffness before and after chemotherapy in postoperative breast cancer patients using the two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE) technique, and analyze its correlation with liver serum indexs, then discuss the application value of 2D-SWE technique in the quantitative diagnosis for chemotherapeutic liver injury.Methods:Sixty breast cancer patients underwent postoperative chemotherapy in Qilu Hospital of Shandong University from January 2021 to November 2021 were included. Conventional two-dimensional ultrasound, 2D-SWE and the serum tests including alanine aminotransferase(ALT), aspartate aminotransferase(AST), γ-glutamyltransferase(γ-GT), alkaline phosphatase(AKP) were performed before and after chemotherapy, respectively. The medians of ElastQ Imaging stiffness (EQI meds) of the whole liver and different liver segments (S4, S5/S6, S7/S8) before and after chemotherapy were measured and compared. The EQI meds of different liver segments (S4, S5/S6, S7/S8) after chemotherapy were compared. The correlation between EQI med of the whole liver and serum indexes after chemotherapy was analyzed. Results:①Compared with before chemotherapy, the EQI meds of the whole liver and different liver segments after chemotherapy were significantly decreased ( P<0.001, respectively). ②The EQI meds among different liver segments were different after chemotherapy ( F=7.489, P=0.001). Moreover, the EQI meds of S5/S6 and S7/S8 were significantly lower than those of S4 after chemotherapy ( P=0.002, 0.001). ③The EQI med of the whole liver was negatively correlated with ALT, AST, and γ-GT ( r=-0.776, P<0.001; r=-0.656, P<0.001; r=-0.428, P=0.010), while there was no correlation between the EQI med of the whole liver and AKP ( r=-0.146, P=0.267). Conclusions:2D-SWE is expected to be a new, real-time, noninvasive and quantitative method to evaluate the changes of liver stiffness before and after chemotherapy in postoperative patients, thus provides a promising method for the early clinical diagnosis of chemotherapy-induced liver injury in breast cancer patients.

16.
Chinese Journal of Digestive Surgery ; (12): 217-223, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-930927

ABSTRACT

Hepatectomy is the main optimal curative treatment of hepatocellular carci-noma (HCC) to achieve long-term survival. However, most patients in China do not fulfill the criteria for surgery due to the intermediate-advanced stage of HCC at their initial diagnosis. With the promising advances in locoregional and systematic therapies, development of targeted drugs, success of immunotherapy, as well as the emergence of the therapeutic alliance, conversion therapy has well developed nowadays and become a hotspot in recent years. A part of unresectable HCC patients have afforded sequent radical surgery opportunities and prolonged the overall survival through improving liver function, increasing the residual liver volume, and minimizing tumor volume. At present, target therapy combined immunotherapy, local therapy combined systemic therapy are commonly used and widely applicable conversion therapy modes in China. Based on expansion of conversion therapy concepts, more high-level evidences are needed to exploit the full potential of conversion treatment strategies, accurately select candidates, determine the timing of surgery, improve conversion rate, guarautee the safety and long-term efficacy, which requires further investigation and research.

17.
Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B ; (12): 249-257, 2022.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-929056

ABSTRACT

Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), as the most common type (>90%) of head and neck cancer, includes various epithelial malignancies that arise in the nasal cavity, oral cavity, pharynx, and larynx. In 2020, approximately 878 ‍ 000 new cases and 444 000 deaths linked to HNSCC occurred worldwide (Sung et al., 2021). Due to the associated frequent recurrence and metastasis, HNSCC patients have poor prognosis with a five-year survival rate of 40%-50% (Jou and Hess, 2017). Therefore, novel prognostic biomarkers need to be developed to identify high-risk HNSCC patients and improve their disease outcomes.


Subject(s)
Humans , Biomarkers, Tumor/genetics , Head and Neck Neoplasms/genetics , Kaplan-Meier Estimate , RNA , Squamous Cell Carcinoma of Head and Neck , Survival Analysis , Survival Rate
18.
Journal of Chinese Physician ; (12): 1616-1619,1624, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-956346

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of biliary hemorrhage after percutaneous transhepatic choledochoscopic lithotomy(PTCSL).Methods:Retrospective summary and analysis were made on 48 cases of PTCSL completed by the hepatobiliary surgery department of Hunan Provincial People′s Hospital (the First Affiliated Hospital of Hunan Normal University) from January 2016 to December 2020.Results:Biliary hemorrhage occurred in 3 cases after operation, of which 1 case was considered to have a small amount of biliary mucosa bleeding, and the bleeding was stopped after blood transfusion, hemostatic agents and appropriate fluid rehydration. In the other case, a small amount of blood oozing around the T-tube sinus canal was accompanied by a small amount of bloody fluid in the T-tube, which was considered to cause arterioles or venules accompanied by bile duct bleeding during sinus expansion during operation, and the bleeding stopped after compression. Another patient underwent a short time drainage of hemorrhagic fluid ≥100 ml in T tube 15 days after operation, and was prepared for interventional therapy while receiving blood transfusion products and conservative treatment. Celiac arteriography was performed, and pseudoaneurysm was found in the right anterior lobe of the liver. Embolization was performed later and the patient discharged 10 days after embolization.Conclusions:Biliary hemorrhage is one of the more common complications after PTCSL. Increasing the understanding of this complication provides a guarantee for the safety of surgery and has clinical significance for patients with accelerated postoperative recovery.

19.
China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica ; (24): 2358-2372, 2022.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-928116

ABSTRACT

Dendrobii Caulis are commonly used tonic Chinese medicinal materials with a long history of application. As demonstrated by pharmacological results, the chemical constituents and the extracts of Dendrobii Caulis have anti-inflammatory, antibacte-rial, antioxidant, and anti-tumor effects, and can also regulate immunity, lower blood pressure, and regulate blood sugar. The active ingredients contained are widely concerned by scholars. This paper comprehensively summarized the chemical constituents and pharmacological activities of Dendrobium plants reported so far. The chemical constituents isolated from Dendrobium plants are mainly alkaloids, sesquiterpenoids, flavonoids, fluorenones, coumarins, bibenzyls, phenanthrenes, lignans, steroids, phenols, and polysaccharides. This paper is expected to provide a reference for further research, development, and utilization of Dendrobium plants.


Subject(s)
Alkaloids , Antioxidants/pharmacology , Dendrobium , Flavonoids , Polysaccharides/pharmacology
20.
International Journal of Surgery ; (12): 62-67,F4, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882440

ABSTRACT

Spinal tuberculosis is one of the common causes of severe kyphosis. The formation of spinal tuberculosis kyphosis is multi-factors, including age at the time of infection, the cumulative number of segments, the height of vertebral body loss before treatment, and "spine danger signs" . Although the use of anti-tuberculosis drugs has achieved good results, for patients with spinal tuberculosis cured by drug treatment, the kyphosis will continue to progress and gradually develop into a severe kyphosis. Then there are a series of problems such as appearance, psychology, rib-pelvic impingement, cardiopulmonary dysfunction, and nerve and spinal cord compression. The X-ray signs of the height of the vertebral body loss and "spine danger signs" before treatment can help predict the severity of future deformities. Therefore, a comprehensive understanding of the formation of kyphosis of spinal tuberculosis and individualized selection of surgical methods according to the specific conditions of the disease as soon as possible can effectively prevent the formation of kyphosis and reduce the incidence of neurological damage and delayed paralysis.

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