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1.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-900112

ABSTRACT

Objective@#: A role of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) in the diagnosis of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) is not wellunderstood. This study evaluates the effectiveness of DWI in the diagnosis of CVT. @*Methods@#: Literature search was conducted in electronic databases for the identification of studies which reported the outcomes of patients subjected to DWI for CVT diagnosis. Random-effects meta-analyses were performed to achieve overall estimates of important diagnostic efficiency indices including hyperintense signal rate, the sensitivity and specificity of DWI in diagnosing CVT, and the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) of DWI signal areas and surrounding tissue. @*Results@#: Nineteen studies (443 patients with 856 CVTs; age 40 years [95% confidence interval (CI), 33 to 43]; 28% males [95% CI, 18 to 38]; symptom onset to DWI time 4.6 days [95% CI, 2.3 to 6.9]) were included. Hyperintense signals on DWI were detected in 40% (95% CI, 26 to 55) of the cases. The sensitivity of DWI for detecting CVT was 22% (95% CI, 11 to 34) but specificity was 98% (95% CI, 95 to 100). ADC values were quite heterogenous in DWI signal areas. However, generally the ADC values were lower in DWI signal areas than in surrounding normal areas (mean difference−0.33×10-3 mm2/s [95% CI, −0.44 to −0.23]; p<0.00001). @*Conclusion@#: DWI has a low sensitivity in detecting CVT and thus has a high risk of missing many CVT cases. However, because of its high specificity, it may have supporting and exploratory roles in CVT diagnosis.

2.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888336

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To discuss the clinical effect of antibiotic bone cement in the treatment of infectious wound of lower extremity.@*METHODS@#From January 2016 to January 2019, 28 patients who had infection wounds of lower extremity were treated by antibiotic bone cement, including 21 males and 7 females with age of 34 to 76 (53.8±16.5) years old. The wound area after the initial debridement was 4 cm×3 cm to 12 cm×8 cm. All patients were treated with the antibiotic bone cement, when infection was controlled and fresh granulation tissue grew on the wound surface, local sutures or skin grafts were performed. The changes of white blood cell (WBC), erythrocyte sedimentation rate(ESR), C reactive protein(CRP) and positive rate of bacterial culture of wound secretions were recorded andcompared before and after 2 weeks of the operation. The healing time, recurrence rate and complications of fresh granulation on wound surface were calculated.@*RESULTS@#All patients were followed up for 3 to 6(4.3±1.2) months. After the recurrence of diabetic foot wound infection, 3 patients presented different degree of rupture, and the remaining patients had good wound healing. No serious complications such as aggravation of infection and amputation occurred. The WBC, ESR and CRP of the patients were decreased significantly after operation compared with that before operation (9.1±1.2)×109/L vs. (11.4±2.2)×109/L, (23.5±7.6) mm/ h vs. (57.1±14.9) mg/L, (44.2±13.1) mg/L vs. (89.2±26.7) mg/L (@*CONCLUSION@#The antibiotic bone cement can control infection of lower extremity wound effectively, promote the growth of fresh granulation tissue and wound healing.


Subject(s)
Adult , Aged , Anti-Bacterial Agents/therapeutic use , Bone Cements/therapeutic use , Debridement , Female , Humans , Lower Extremity/surgery , Male , Middle Aged , Skin Transplantation , Treatment Outcome
3.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-888133

ABSTRACT

The Solanaceae plants distributed in China belong to 105 species and 35 varietas of 24 genera. Some medicinal plants of Solanaceae are rich in tropane alkaloids(TAs), which have significant pharmacological activities. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, pharmacological activities, and biosynthetic pathways of TAs in Solanaceous plants were summarized. Besides, the phylogeny of medicinal plants belonging to Solanaceae was visualized by network diagram. Fourteen genera of Solanaceae plants in China contain TAs and have medical records. TAs mainly exist in Datura, Anisodus, Atropa, Physochlaina, and Hyoscyamus. The TAs-containing species were mainly concentrated in Southwest China, and the content of TAs was closely related to plant distribution area and altitude. The Solanaceae plants containing TAs mainly have antispasmodic, analgesic, antiasthmatic, and antitussive effects. Modern pharmacological studies have proved the central sedative, pupil dilating, glandular secretion-inhibiting, and anti-asthma activities of TAs. These pharmacological activities provide a reasonable explanation for the traditional therapeutic efficacy of tropane drugs. In this paper, the geographical distribution, chemical components, traditional therapeutic effect, and modern pharmacological activities of TAs-containing species in Solanaceae were analyzed for the first time. Based on these data, the genetic relationship of TAs-containing Solanaceae species was preliminarily discussed, which provided a scientific basis for the basic research on TAs-containing solanaceous species and was of great significance for the development of natural medicinal plant resources containing TAs.


Subject(s)
Biosynthetic Pathways , Phylogeny , Plants, Medicinal , Solanaceae/genetics , Tropanes
4.
Chinese Journal of Microsurgery ; (6): 512-516, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-912271

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the removal of ALTPF pedicled with the lateral branch of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery and its application in wound repair.Methods:From January, 2019 to March, 2021, 32 cases of limb wounds were repaired with ALTPF pedicled with the lateral branch of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery, including 25 males and 7 females. The age ranged from 21 to 63 years, with an average of 34 years. Injury mechanism: there were 12 cases of traffic accident injury, 8 cases of machine injury, 6 cases of heavy object crushing injury and 6 cases of chronic infectious wound. The area of soft tissue defect was 8.2 cm × 6.3 cm-18.6 cm × 11.2 cm. There were 25 cases of direct suture and 7 cases of free skin grafting. All patients who needed flap repair underwent CTA and high-frequency CDU before operation to judge the approximate direction of the lateral branch of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery and the position of the perforating branch. All patients were followed-up regularly for 3 - 13 months, with an average of 11 months.Results:All patients who underwent free flap surgery had no vascular crisis and the flap survived smoothly. At the last follow-up, the appearance of the flap was beautiful without bloating and there were no complications in the donor area.Conclusion:Compared with the traditional ALTPF, the perforator flap of the lateral branch of the descending branch of the anterolateral femoral artery is relatively simple, which can replace the traditional ALTPF to a certain extent, and is worthy of popularization and application in clinic.

5.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911456

ABSTRACT

To investigate the effectiveness and safety of ultrasound-guided microwave ablation (MWA) in treatment of primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT). A total of 12 PHPT patients with parathyroid adenoma were treated with MWA in Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine from May 2019 to February 2021. The patients were followed up once every 3 months for 3-12 months. Levels of serum parathyroid hormone (PTH), calcium and phosphorus were detected before and 20 min, 4h and 1day after ablation, and during follow-up period. The volume and volume reduction rate of parathyroid lesion were compared before the treatment and at the end of follow-up. The technical and clinical success of MWA were assessed as well. At the end of follow-up, median serum PTH [66.60 (42.21,80.03) ng/L vs.169.90 (89.01,396.50) ng/L] and calcium [2.39 (2.32,2.49) mmol/L vs. 2.75 (2.57,2.96) mmol/L] levels in 12 patients decreased significantly (all P<0.05). A complete response in terms of PTH and calcium levels was achieved in 6 of the 12 patients, while 4 of the patients had slightly elevated PTH levels just above the upper limit of normal reference range, and 2 of the patients remained abnormal PTH and calcium levels. The clinical cure rate was 50%. The volumes of all lesion after ablation were significantly decreased ( P<0.05), with the technical success rate reaching 92.3%. No serious complications were observed. Ultrasound-guided MWA, thus, is safe and effective in the treatment of PHPT.

6.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911386

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the risk factors for recurrence of Graves′ disease after withdrawal of antithyroid drugs (ATD).Methods:This prospective study recruited 285 patients with newly onset Graves′ disease taking ATD from 2012 to 2018 at Department of Endocrinology, Affiliated Hospital of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine. A total of 121 patients who completed follow-up were enrolled and were divided into relapse and remission group according to whether hyperthyroidism reoccurred within 2 years after ATD with drawal. Demographics, clinical manifestations, thyroid serological characteristics, and thyroid color doppler ultrasound at baseline and withdrawal were compared between the two groups. Cox regression analysis was used to analyze the correlation between above factors and recurrence of Graves′ disease.Results:Sixty-five patients relapsed within 2 years after drug withdrawal. Patients with early recurrence were characterized by Graves′ disease genetic history and high baseline thyrotrophin receptor antibody (TRAb) levels. Family history, higher serum FT 3(≥18.1 pmol/L), FT 4(≥49.8 pmol/L), and TRAb(≥16.1 mIU/mL) levels, larger goiter(Ⅱ-Ⅲ) and thyroid volume(≥28.6 cm 3), higher peak velocity of superior thyroid artery (STA-PV; ≥0.6 m/s) before treatment, and higher TRAb(≥0.8 mIU/mL) level after ATD withdraw were risk factors for Graves′ disease recurrence. Higher 25-hydroxy vitamin D(≥14.7 ng/mL) level at baseline, as well as high level of TSH(1.4 μIU/mL) at withdrawal may reduce the risk of relapse. Conclusions:Family history of Graves′ disease, clinical manifestations, thyroid serological indicators and imaging characteristics of severe Graves′ disease before treatment all increased the risk of Graves′ disease recurrence. Patients with aforementioned factors should be actively evaluated in order to choose treatment modalities reasonably. We recommended to maintain lower TRAb titer within normal reference range and TSH level between 1.4 μIU/mL and upper limits of normal reference range at ATD withdrawal to reduce the recurrence rate of Graves′ disease.

7.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911385

ABSTRACT

In 2020, the French Endocrine Society released a consensus statement on the management of thyroid dysfunction in the elderly. This consensus introduced the physiological evolution of thyroid aging, determined specific reference range of thyroid stimulating hormone in the elderly and provided a standard guidance for diagnosis and treatment of thyroid dysfunction. However, some of these recommendations are still controversial, especially the reference range of thyroid stimulating hormone and interventions for subclinical hypothyroidism in the elderly. Thus, further studies for the elderly in China are reguired in order to promote the standardized management of thyroid dysfunction.

8.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911384

ABSTRACT

Thyroid hormone therapy is the mainstay of differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) management after surgery. By controlling thyrotropin within target levels, it hopes that patients could restore euthyroidism state and lower recurrence rates. However, thyroid hormone treatment has been facing challenges in termso of lenefit-risk assessment since the improved risk stratification system of persistent/recurrent disease was into use. Clinicians should weigh the potential benefits against downsides based on initial risk of disease and ongoing risk assessment of disease status. The optimal TSH level for patients with an intermediate- or high-risk for recurrence is to maintain the beneficial effects on tumor recurrence without increasing the risk of adverse events. Levothyroxine should be titrated to avoid excessive TSH suppression for low-risk patients. Only with holistic benefit-risk analysis of thyroid hormone therapy, can we further promote the quality of postoperative DTC management.

9.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-911369

ABSTRACT

Objective:To analyze the effects of different blood pressure variables and their variabilities on diabetic nephropathy(DN)in patients with type 2 diabetes.Methods:This prospective cohort study included 3 050 type 2 diabetic patients without DN at baseline from Lee′s clinic in Taiwan, China. The metabolic parameters of patients were regularly checked, and urine albumin creatinine ratio(UACR)were evaluated annually. The average follow-up period was 7 years(3-10 years). The means and standard deviations(SD)of systolic blood pressure(SBP), diastolic blood pressure(DBP), pulse pressure(PP), and mean arterial pressure(MAP)were calculated. According to whether SBP-Mean was higher or lower than 130 mmHg(1 mmHg=0.133 kPa) and SBP-SD was higher or lower than 11.06 mmHg(average SBP-SD), these patients were divided into four groups: Q1(SBP-Mean<130 mmHg, SBP-SD<11.06 mmHg); Q2(SBP-Mean<130 mmHg, SBP-SD≥11.06 mmHg); Q3(SBP-Mean≥130 mmHg, SBP-SD<11.06 mmHg); Q4(SBP-Mean≥130 mmHg, SBP-SD≥11.06 mmHg). In the same way, according to whether PP-Mean was higher or lower than 80 mmHg(average PP-Mean)and PP-SD was higher or lower than 6.48 mmHg(average PP-SD), the patients were divided into Q1-Q4 groups.Results:After adjusting age, sex, and diabetes duration, Cox regression analysis showed that SBP-Mean, SBP-SD, PP-Mean, and PP-SD were the risk factors of DN. After the stratification according to SBP-Mean and SBP-SD, the patients in Q4 group( HR=1.976, P<0.001)had the highest risk while those in Q1 group displayed the lowest risk for DN. Additionally, the patients in Q3 group( HR=1.614, P<0.001)imposed a higher risk than that in Q2 group( HR=1.408, P<0.001). By stratificating the patients based on PP-Mean and PP-SD, the patients in Q4 group revealed the highest risk of DN( HR=1.370, P<0.001)while those in Q1 group had the lowest risk. In addition, the patients in Q3 group( HR=1.266, P<0.001)had a higher risk of DN compared with those in Q2 group( HR=1.212, P<0.001). Conclusion:SBP and PP variabilities are the predictors of DN in patients with type 2 diabetes.

10.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908989

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the discrimination, reliability and validity of the evaluation system of clinical nurse training based on post competency in hospitals of traditional Chinese and Western medicine.Methods:From August 2018 to January 2019, 271 clinical nurses from a three-A hospital were selected by convenient sampling method. The competency of clinical nurses was assessed on the spot by case tracking method. The discrimination, reliability and validity of the evaluation system were tested by item analysis, Cronbach's α coefficient and confirmatory factor analysis.Results:The evaluation system had good discrimination, reliability and validity. Among the four scales of the evaluation system, there were significant differences in the high score and the low score of all items ( P < 0.05). The Cronbach's α coefficient of each dimension of the four scales was 0.769-0.898. Four structural equation model diagrams were established, the AVE (average variance extracted) of each dimension was 0.51-0.74, factor load was 0.53-0.93, C.R. (composite reliability) was 0.79-0.91, and the discrimination validity was up to the standard. Conclusion:This system provides a reference for the establishment of scientific, objective, measurable and homogeneous clinical nurse training evaluation tools.

11.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-908452

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the application value of triangular modal construed for planning approach of laparoscopic local resection of liver tumors located in superior part of central liver lobe.Methods:The retrospective and descriptive study was conducted. The clinicopathological data of 10 patients who underwent local laparoscopic resection of liver tumors located in superior part of central liver lobe at the Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University from January to June 2020 were collected. There were 6 males and 4 females, aged from 41 to 63 years, with a median age of 54 years. Preoperative triangular model was constructed for all patients to plan approach of laparoscopic local resection of liver tumors located in superior part of central liver lobe. Observation indicators: (1) preoperative general situations of patients; (2) surgical situations; (3) follow-up. Follow-up was conducted by outpatient examination or telephone interview to detect tumor recurrence and survival of patients up to February 2021. Measurement data with normal distribution were expressed as Mean± SD. Count data were expressed was absolute numbers. Results:(1) Preoperative general situations of patients: hepatocellular carcinoma was found in 7 cases, inthahepatic cholangiocarcinoma was found in 2 cases and ovarian cancer with liver metastasis was found in 1 case. Three cases had tumors located in S4a segment, 2 cases had tumors located in ventral subsegment of S8 segment, 2 cases had tumors located in dorsal subsegment of S8 segment, and 3 cases had tumors across the ventral segment of S4a+S8. The diameter of tumors was (3.4±1.0)cm. (2) Surgical situation: all the 10 patients underwent R 0 resection successfully, with no intraoperative blood transfusion or conversion to open surgery. The operation time of 10 patients was (149±59)minutes, the volume of intraoperative blood loss was (294±163)mL, the minimum surgical margin of specimen was (1.1±0.2)cm. The alanine aminotransferase was (324±151)U/L on the postoperative first day, the aspartic aminotransferase was (401±113)U/L on the postoperative first day, and the duration of postoperative hospital stay was (9±4)days. No bile leakage, hemorr-hage, reoperation or other complications occurred in all patients. (3) Follow-up: 10 patients were followed up for 7?13 months, with a median follow-up time of 11 months. All patients had no margin recurrence or distant metastasis. Conclusion:It is safe and feasible to construct triangular modal for planning approach of local laparoscopic resection of liver tumors located in superior part of central liver lobe.

12.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907684

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the effective chemical constituents and target genes of the Sanhan-Qushi-Wenjing-Tongluo formula through the method of network pharmacology, and to further analyze the mechanism of treatoffing psoas fasciitis. Methods:The TCMSP database was used to search and screen the chemical active substances of Sanhan-Qushi-Wenjing-Tongluo formula and its target proteins acting on the human body. At the same time, the GeneCards database platform was used to predict the target of disease and the active ingredient-target network was constructed. Construct a PPI network through the STRING database, search for PPI core genes, and then perform GO enrichment analysis and KEGG enrichment analysis to find the signal pathways involved and construct a target-path network. Results:Through screening, a total of 23 key chemical components and 25 common target proteins was obtained in Sanhan-Qushi-Wenjing-Tongluo formula treating psoas fasciitis; gene analysis of enrichment analysis results include antibiotic response, cyclin-dependent proteins kinase holoenzyme complex, cytokine receptor binding, etc. Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes enrichment analysis results include AGE-RAGE signaling pathway, measles, endocrine resistance, inflammatory bowel disease, etc; the target genes gained which have a higher degree of matching with the above mentioned pathways include IL6, JUN, IL1B, CDK4, CCND1. Conclusion:Sanhan-Qushi-Wenjing-Tongluo formula could treat psoas fasciitis by regulating the target genes such as IL6, JUN, IL1B, CDK4 and CCND1.

13.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-907563

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the influence of bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) inhibitor on wild-type Kras differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC) and its mechanism.Methods:The DTC cell line Kras WT TPC-1 was selected and the mutant Kras G12D TPC-1 cells were constructed. CCK-8 assay was used to detect the effect of BRD4 inhibitor JQ-1 on the proliferation activity of Kras WT TPC-1 cells. Kras WT TPC-1 cells were treated with 0.2 μmol/L JQ-1 (JQ-1 group), and a negative control group (NC group) was set. Transwell invasion assay and flow cytometry were used to detect the effect of JQ-1 on the invasion and apoptosis of Kras WT TPC-1 cells. The effect of JQ-1 on the expressions of BRD4, miR-106b-5p and P21, and the effect of P21 inhibitor UC2288 on the expressions of P21 and BRD4 were detected. Kras WT TPC-1 cells were divided into JQ-1+ NC-OE group, JQ-1+ p21-OE group (overexpression of p21) and JQ-1+ p21-OE+ miR-106b-5p mimic group (overexpression of p21 and miR-106b-5 at the same time), and the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of cells in each group were detected. TPC-1 cells were divided into Kras WT group, Kras WT+ JQ-1 group, Kras G12D group and Kras G12D+ JQ-1 group, and the cell proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of each group were detected. Results:JQ-1 inhibited the proliferation activity of Kras WT TPC-1 cells in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner. In the NC group and JQ-1 group, the numbers of cell invasion were 124.67±9.61 and 82.67±8.02, and the apoptosis rates were (5.91±0.34)% and (10.33±1.10)%, respectively, with statistically significant differences ( t=5.812, P=0.004; t=6.653, P=0.003). JQ-1 significantly inhibited the expressions of BRD4 and miR-106b-5p, and promoted the expression of P21 in Kras WT TPC-1 cells. UC2288 significantly inhibited P21 expression, but had no significant effect on BRD4 expression. In the JQ-1+ NC-OE group, JQ-1+ p21-OE group and JQ-1+ p21-OE+ miR-106b-5p mimic group, the proliferation activities at 24 h of Kras WT TPC-1 cells was 0.46±0.03, 0.35±0.04 and 0.44±0.03 ( F=8.720, P=0.017), and the proliferation activity of JQ-1+ p21-OE group was significantly lower than that of the JQ-1+ NC-OE group ( P<0.05). The numbers of cell invasion in the three groups were 83.00±9.17, 56.67±6.03 and 79.67±10.07 ( F=8.347, P=0.018), and the number of cell invasion in the JQ-1+ p21-OE group was significantly lower than that in the JQ-1+ NC-OE group ( P=0.009). The apoptosis rates of the three groups were (10.00±0.49)%, (15.39±1.14)% and (10.32±0.80)% ( F=37.764, P<0.001), and the apoptosis rate of the JQ-1+ p21-OE group was significantly higher than that in the JQ-1+ NC-OE group ( P<0.001). There were no significant differences in cell proliferation activity, invasion number and apoptosis rate between JQ-1+ p21-OE+ miR-106b-5p mimic group and JQ-1+ NC-OE group (all P>0.05). In Kras WT group, Kras WT+ JQ-1 group, Kras G12D group and Kras G12D+ JQ-1 group, the cell proliferation activities at 24 h were 0.50±0.05, 0.39±0.04, 0.68±0.08 and 0.64±0.05 ( F=17.776, P<0.001). Compared with the Kras WT group, cell proliferation activity in the Kras WT+ JQ-1 group was significantly decreased, while that in the Kras G12D group was significantly increased (both P<0.05). The numbers of cell invasion in the four groups were 129.33±11.50, 86.00±9.54, 161.67±13.01 and 146.33±13.20 ( F=22.598, P<0.001). Compared with the Kras WT group, the number of cell invasion in the Kras WT+ JQ-1 group was significantly decreased ( P=0.002), and that in the Kras G12D group was significantly increased ( P=0.010). The apoptosis rates in the four groups were (6.17±0.50)%, (10.42±0.73)%, (3.43±0.47)% and (3.41±0.32)% ( F=119.170, P<0.001). Compared with the Kras WT group, the apoptosis rate in the Kras WT+ JQ-1 group was significantly increased ( P<0.001), and that in the Kras G12D group was significantly decreased ( P<0.001). There were no significant differences in cell proliferation activity, invasion number and apoptosis rate between Kras G12D+ JQ-1 group and Kras G12D group (all P>0.05). Conclusion:BRD4 inhibitor can specifically inhibit the development of wild-type Kras DTC via regulating the molecular axis of BRD4/miR-106b-5p/P21, but has no significant effect on the proliferation, invasion and apoptosis of mutant Kras DTC tumor cells.

14.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 3331-3344, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906833

ABSTRACT

italic>Dendrobium officinale Kimura et Migo is a rare Chinese herbal medicine, while Dendrobium crepidatum Lindl is a local medicine in Yunnan, both of which have the function of nourishing yin and stomach. To reveal the differences in chemical composition between the two species, ultra-performance liquid chromatography-quadrupole-time of flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-Q-TOF-MS/MS) was used to analyze the chemical composition of stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. Principal component analysis (PCA) and partial least squares discriminant analysis (OPLS-DA) were used to determine the differences in metabolites between species and parts of Dendrobium. Fifty-eight chemical compounds were identified in the two species. Analysis indicated that the side ring of alkaloids connected with nitrogen was readily cleaved during analysis. The results of PCA analysis showed that the stems and leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum could be easily differentiated, and the chemical constituents of D. officinale and D. crepidatum were significantly different. OPLS-DA analysis showed that there were 16 metabolite differences between the stems and 22 differences in metabolites between the leaves of D. officinale and D. crepidatum. The main metabolite differences in components between the two Dendrobium species were dendrocrepidine B, dendrocrepidine C and dendrocrepine. There were 14 differences in metabolites between the stems and leaves of D. crepidatum. In conclusion, the chemical compositions of D. officinale and D. crepidatum are quite different; the small molecular compounds of D. officinale are mainly terpenoids and flavonoids, and the content of alkaloids is low. There is no significant difference between stem and leaf. In contrast, D. crepidatum is mainly composed of alkaloids and terpenoids, with crepidamine and dendrocrepine as its unique components, and there are great differences in the components between stems and leaves. This study provides a theoretical basis for the development and utilization of Dendrobium resources.

15.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-906399

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the efficacy of Baxian Xiaoyaotang (BXT) in treating ankylosis of wind-cold-dampness obstruction syndrome after acute Achilles tendon rupture surgery and its effects on transforming growth factor-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub> (TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>), insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), and epidermal growth factor (EGF). Method:According to the visiting sequence, 66 patients with fresh closed Achilles tendon rupture were included and randomly divided into a treatment group (<italic>n</italic>=33) and a control group (<italic>n</italic>=33). Patients in both groups underwent surgical repair, followed by immobilization in long-leg brace, which was then replaced by the boot brace in the fourth week, with the plantar-flexion angle adjusted correspondingly. Six weeks later, the brace was removed for accelerated functional rehabilitation training. On this basis, patients in the treatment group were further instructed to fumigate and wash the affected Achilles tendon with BXT, twice a day, for 45 d. The Leppilahti Achilles tendon performance scores and American Orthopaedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) ankle-hindfoot scores between the two groups were compared at the time of brace removal and the third, sixth, and twelfth months after surgery. The strength of triceps surae on the affected side was evaluated at the last follow-up visit. The serum TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, IGF-1, and EGF levels were detected before and after treatment. The wind-cold-dampness obstruction syndrome scores, symptom scores, the changes in foot dorsiflexion angle, and the overall clinical efficacy were compared. Result:The changes in scores of patients receiving different treatment measures did not synchronize. After the removal of brace, the Leppilahti Achilles tendon performance score and AOFAS ankle-hindfoot score determined at three time points in the treatment group were higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). At the last follow-up visit, the good-to-excellent rate of muscle strength in the treatment group was 93.94% (31/33), higher than 72.73% (24/33) in the control group (χ<sup>2</sup>=0.031,<italic>P</italic><0.05), implying that the strength of triceps surae in the treatment group was better recovered. After treatment, the serum TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, IGF-1, and EGF levels in both groups were increased in contrast to those before treatment (<italic>P</italic><0.05), and these levels in the treatment group were all higher than those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The foot dorsiflexion angle and the wind-cold-dampness obstruction syndrome score in the treatment group were superior to those in the control group (<italic>P</italic><0.05). The overall response rate of the treatment group was 90.91% (30/33), higher than 75.76% (25/33) of the control group (<italic>χ</italic><sup>2</sup>=6.981, <italic>P</italic><0.05). No adverse reactions occurred during the treatment. Conclusion:The external fumigation and washing with BXT alleviates both the clinical symptoms and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) syndrome, improves the joint function score, triceps surae strength, and other indicators, elevates the serum TGF-<italic>β</italic><sub>1</sub>, IGF-1, and EGF levels, and enhances the strength and toughness of Achilles tendon of patients with ankylosis due to wind-cold-dampness obstruction after the acute Achilles tendon rupture surgery. Its clinical efficacy is better than that of functional rehabilitation training.

16.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-874365

ABSTRACT

Purpose@#Systemic inflammatory response is a critical factor that promotes the initiation and metastasis of malignancies including pancreatic cancer (PC). This study was designed to determine and compare the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), and fibrinogen-to-albumin ratio (FAR) in resectable PC and locally advanced or metastatic PC. @*Materials and Methods@#Three hundred fifty-three patients with resectable PC and 807 patients with locally advan-ced or metastatic PC were recruited in this study. These patients were classified into a training set (n=758) and a validation set (n=402). Kaplan-Meier survival plots and Cox proportional hazards regression models were used to analyze prognosis. @*Results@#Overall survival (OS) was significantly better for patients with resectable PC with low preoperative PLR (p=0.048) and MLR (p=0.027). Low FAR, MLR, NLR (p < 0.001), and PLR (p=0.003) were significantly associated with decreased risk of death for locally advanced or metastatic PC patients. FAR (hazard ratio [HR], 1.522; 95% confidential interval [CI], 1.261 to 1.837; p < 0.001) and MLR (HR, 1.248; 95% CI, 1.017 to 1.532; p=0.034) were independent prognostic factors for locally advanced or metastatic PC. @*Conclusion@#The prognostic roles of FAR, MLR, NLR, and PLR in resectable PC and locally advanced or metastatic PC were different. FAR showed the most prognostic power in locally advanced or metastatic PC. Low FAR was positively correlated with OS in locally advanced or metastatic PC, which could be used to predict the prognosis.

17.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 1246-1252, 2021.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-887094

ABSTRACT

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disease with angiogenesis, inflammatory factor infiltration and joint destruction as the main pathological features. Angiogenesis promotes the development of RA and plays an important role in its pathogenesis. The hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-angiopoietin-2 (Ang-2) signal transduction is a critical pathway to induce synovial angiogenesis. Targeting HIF-VEGF-Ang-2 signal transduction to inhibit synovial angiogenesis is a promising approach for RA treatment. This article reviews the role and mechanism of HIF-VEGF-Ang-2 signal transduction-mediated synovial angiogenesis in RA, in order to provide a new target and strategy for RA treatment.

18.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-885099

ABSTRACT

Based on the clinical data of a case of fibrocalculous pancreatic diabetes (FCPD) and literature review, we analyze the etiology, clinical manifestations, diagnostic criteria, treatment, and prognosis of the disease. FCPD is a unique form of diabetes mellitus secondary to pancreatic exocrine disease. The disease is restricted to adolescent or young adult of either sex with poor nutrition in tropical regions of the world. FCPD is characterized by simultaneous involvement of pancreatic endocrine and exocrine functions with clinical manifestations as pancreatic duct stones, pancreatic calcification, and diabetes mellitus. Treatment includes improved nutrition, blood glucose control, and pancreatic duct lithotomy. It could be easy to be misdiagnosed and mistreated, which deserves more attention from clinicians.

19.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-882338

ABSTRACT

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a common infectious pathogen in children and the main cause of death in children under 5 years of age.It can lead to non-invasive pneumococcal diseases such as sinusitis and otitis media, as well as invasive pneumococcal diseases(IPD) such as meningitis, sepsis and pneumonia.IPD is a serious infectious disease in children, with high morbidity and mortality.However, the incidence of IPD in children varies significantly among different ages, genders and regions.Penicillin used to be the first choice for the treatment of IPD.With the widespread use of antibiotics in clinical practice, the problem of drug resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae continues to increase.The situation of antibiotic resistance of Streptococcus pneumoniae in China has been very serious, and some data show that the multiple drug resistance rate of Streptococcus pneumoniae is as high as 88.7%.As a result, streptococcus pneumococcal vaccines have emerged as the primary means of reducing the incidence of IPD, in addition, it is effective in reducing the spread of drug-resistant strains.This article reviews the epidemiological characteristics, pathogenesis, common invasive pneumococcal disease in children, laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prevention of IPD in children.

20.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-880666

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVES@#Due to the genetic feature of high diversity than other DNA markers, short tandem repeat (STR) plays key roles in forensic, anthropology, and population genetics. Newly introduced multiple STR kit is more valuable because of the greatly improved discriminatory power with the increase in the number of STR loci. The genetic polymorphic data are essential for the application and research in specific population. This study aims to investigate the genetic polymorphism of Han population residing in Yuncheng district, Shanxi Province, to evaluate the application of 23 STR loci in forensic personal identification and paternity test, and to explore the genetic relationship of Han population between Yuncheng and other populations.@*METHODS@#A total of 23 STR loci were amplified from 525 healthy unrelated individuals from the Han nationality in Yuncheng, Shanxi Province using the AGCU EX25 amplification kit. The products were detected and separated by ABI 3500 Genetic Analyzer. Alleles were genotyped by GeneMapper ID (Version 3.2) software, and corresponding frequencies and forensic parameters were calculated. We calculated the genetic distance and plotted the neighboring-joining tree with other 13 population.@*RESULTS@#The allele frequency of the 23 STRs ranged from 0.0010 to 0.5090. No deviation from Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium (@*CONCLUSIONS@#These 23 STRs are highly genetic polymorphic and informative in the Han population of Yuncheng, Shanxi Province, which can provide basic data for forensic personal identification, paternity testing, and population genetic research.


Subject(s)
Asian Continental Ancestry Group/genetics , China , Ethnic Groups/genetics , Gene Frequency , Genetic Loci , Genetics, Population , Humans , Microsatellite Repeats/genetics , Polymorphism, Genetic
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