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1.
Journal of Xi'an Jiaotong University(Medical Sciences) ; (6): 76-81, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-1005504

ABSTRACT

【Objective】 To explore the distribution of polymorphisms of miR-208 genes rs8022522 and rs12894524 locus in Guangxi healthy population and compare the differences in the polymorphism distribution in different population. 【Methods】 SNPscan technology was used to detect genotypes of rs8022522 and rs12894524 from 297 healthy people in Guangxi, and the results were compared with other populations from Human genome Haplotype Map(HapMap) data. 【Results】 Three genotypes, namely, AA (2.7%), AG (24.2%) and GG (73.1%), in rs8022522 were found, with the allele frequencies of A and G being 14.8% and 85.2%. The genotypes of rs12894524 locus were TT (1.3%), TG (13.5%) and GG (85.2%), and the frequency of T and G allele was 8.1% and 91.9%, respectively. rs8022522 and rs12894524 locus genotypes and allele frequencies were significantly different from HapMap-CEU, HapMap- YRI and HapMap-TSI (P<0.05). Compared with HapMap-JPT and HapMap-CHB, there was no significant difference in genotype or allele frequency between the two sites (P>0.05). As for the blood lipid level among the three genotypes in rs8022522, the level of high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) with GG genotype was significantly different from that in AG group (P<0.05). 【Conclusion】 The polymorphisms of rs8022522 and rs12894524 of miR-208 gene in Guangxi population are different from those in other regions to varying degrees. The polymorphism of rs8022522 locus is related to the level of HDL-C.

2.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2300-2310, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999147

ABSTRACT

Brain delivery of drugs remains challenging due to the presence of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). With advances in nanotechnology and biotechnology, new possibilities for brain-targeted drug delivery have emerged. Biomimetic nano drug delivery systems with high brain-targeting and BBB-penetrating capabilities, along with good biocompatibility and safety, can enable 'invisible' drug delivery. In this review, five different types of biomimetic strategies are presented and their research progress in central nervous system disorders is reviewed. Finally, the challenges and future prospects for biomimetic nano drug delivery systems in intracerebral drug delivery are summarized.

3.
Acta Pharmaceutica Sinica ; (12): 2715-2726, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-999026

ABSTRACT

As a natural product with a long history of medicinal use, parthenolide has aroused great interest of chemists and biologists. Existing studies have shown that it has anti-inflammatory, antitumor and other pharmacological activities, and also revealed its action on NF-κB signaling pathway, DNMT1 enzyme and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway. But its biological targets remain to be elucidated systematically. Proteolysis Targeting Chimeras (PROTAC) provides a new strategy for target discovery of natural products, which can be used to explore the panorama of protein changes in cells through proteomic investigation, so as to analyze their potential targets. Based on this idea, current study designed and synthesized 20 parthenolide-derived degraders. After measured their antitumor activity in vitro, selected compounds were carried out the proteomic experiment. Finally, 139 down-regulated differentially expressed proteins were identified and the discovery of parthenolide interacting protein was preliminarily explored.

4.
Chinese Journal of Rehabilitation Theory and Practice ; (12): 882-889, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-998258

ABSTRACT

ObjectiveTo explore the effect of core stability training on dynamic balance and surface electromyography (sEMG) after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR), and to analyze the correlation between balance index and sEMG. MethodsFrom March to December, 2022, 32 patients with ACLR in Yantai Affiliated Hospital of Binzhou Medical University were randomly divided into control group (n = 16) and experimental group (n = 16). The control group accepted routine rehabilitation treatment, and the experimental group added core stability training, for six weeks. They were evaluated with American Hospital for Special Surgery Knee Score (HSS) and International Knee Documentation Committee Knee Score (IKDC), and the dynamic balance function and sEMG were measured before and after treatment, and the correlation between dynamic balance index and root mean square (RMS) of sEMG was analyzed. ResultsAfter treatment, the scores of HSS and IKDC increased significantly in both groups (|Z| > 3.526, |t| > 63.544, P < 0.001), and were better in the experimental group than in the control group (Z = -2.392, t = 2.650, P < 0.05); the length of gait line and single support line increased significantly, the medial-lateral displacement displacement decreased (|t| > 2.368, Z = -3.516, P < 0.05), and they were better in the experimental group than in the control group (|t| > 2.497, Z = -3.091, P < 0.05); the RMS of gluteus maximus and gluteus medius increased in the experimental group (t = -5.900, Z = -2.741, P < 0.01), and were better than those in the control group (t = 3.930, Z = -3.260, P < 0.01). After treatment, the RMS of gluteus maximus and gluteus medius in both groups were positively correlated with gait line length and single support line length, and were negatively correlated with medial-lateral displacement (|r| > 0.502, P < 0.01). ConclusionCore stability training could significantly improve knee joint function and dynamic balance, and enhance the activation of gluteus maximus and gluteus medius. Dynamic balance is highly correlated with sEMG.

5.
Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science ; (6): 265-272, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-996154

ABSTRACT

Objective:To observe the effects of sparrow-pecking moxibustion at Shenque(CV8)and Guanyuan(CV4)on the writhing reaction and score,the temperature and blood flow perfusion of moxibustion point area and uterus,the serum levels of arginine vasopressin(AVP),prostaglandin(PG)F2α,and thromboxane(TX)B2 in rats with primary dysmenorrhea(PD)due to cold-dampness stagnation,and to explore the possible mechanism of sparrow-pecking moxibustion in treating PD.Methods:Thirty-two healthy non-pregnant female Wistar rats were randomly divided into a normal group,a model group,an ibuprofen group,and a sparrow-pecking moxibustion group,with 8 rats in each group.Except for the normal group,the other three groups were subjected to modeling with cold water bath combined with estradiol benzoate and oxytocin injection.Rats in the sparrow-pecking moxibustion group were treated with sparrow-pecking moxibustion at Shenque(CV8)and Guanyuan(CV4)on the 8th day of modeling,30 min/time,once a day for 3 d;those in the ibuprofen group were treated with 0.8 mL ibuprofen solution(a specification of 125 mg in 10 mL)on the 8th day of modeling,once a day for 3 d;those in the normal group and the model group were given 0.8 mL normal saline,once a day for 3 d.On the 11th day,rats in each group were intraperitoneally injected with oxytocin(2 U/rat),and the writhing incubation period and writhing score in 20 min were observed;the temperature and the blood perfusion of Shenque(CV8),Guanyuan(CV4),and uterus in vivo were detected;the serum levels of AVP,PGF2α,and TXB2 were determined.Results:The writhing incubation period was significantly longer(P<0.01)and the writhing score was significantly lower(P<0.01)in the sparrow-pecking moxibustion group and the ibuprofen group than in the model group;compared with the ibuprofen group,the writhing incubation period was prolonged(P<0.01)and the writhing score was decreased(P<0.01)in the sparrow-pecking moxibustion group;compared with the normal group,the temperature and the blood perfusion of Shenque(CV8),Guanyuan(CV4),and uterus were significantly decreased,while the serum PGF2α,AVP,and TXB2 levels were significantly increased(P<0.01)in the model group;compared with the model group,the temperature and the blood perfusion of Shenque(CV8),Guanyuan(CV4),and uterus were significantly increased,and the serum levels of PGF2α,AVP,and TXB2 were significantly decreased in the ibuprofen group and the sparrow-pecking moxibustion group(P<0.05 or P<0.01);compared with the ibuprofen group,the temperature and the blood perfusion of Shenque(CV8),Guanyuan(CV4),and uterus were significantly increased(P<0.05),the serum AVP and TXB2 levels were significantly decreased(P<0.05),while the serum PGF2α level had no statistical difference in the sparrow-pecking moxibustion group(P>0.05).Conclusion:Sparrow-pecking moxibustion had a remarkable analgesic effect on the rats with PD due to cold-dampness stagnation,and the mechanism may be related to the increased temperature and blood perfusion of the moxibustion point area and uterus,as well as the decreased serum PGF2α,AVP,and TXB2 levels.

6.
Chinese Journal of Perinatal Medicine ; (12): 584-590, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-995143

ABSTRACT

Objective:To investigate the treatment of preterm and low birth weight infants with congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) and to share the experience.Methods:This retrospective study enrolled 117 newborns with CDH who underwent major surgery at Children's Hospital, Capital Institute of Pediatrics from May 1, 2011, to March 31, 2022. Based on gestational age and birth weight, the infants were divided into the preterm and/or low birth weight group (gestational age < 37 weeks and/or birth weight less than 2 500 g, n=41) and the control group (gestational age ≥ 37 weeks and birth weight ≥ 2 500 g, n=76). Furthermore, the preterm and/or low birth weight infants were divided into the thoracoscopic surgery subgroup ( n=31) and the open surgery subgroup ( n=10) according to the surgical approach. Statistical analysis of the data was performed using two independent sample t-tests, rank sum tests, Chi-square test, or Fisher's exact probability test. Results:Preoperative data showed that the Apgar scores at 1 min [7.0 (6.0-8.0) vs 9.0 (8.0-9.8), Z=-4.03] and 5 min [9.0 (8.0-10.0) vs 9.0 (9.0-10.0), Z=-2.13] of the preterm and/or low birth weight infants were both lower than those in the control group (both P<0.05), while the proportion of infants with moderate to severe pulmonary hypertension was higher [68.3% (28/41) vs 38.2% (29/76), χ 2=9.68, P<0.05]. There were no statistically significant differences between the two groups in terms of the proportion of thoracoscopic surgery, operation time, right diaphragmatic hernia, presence of hernia sac, grading of the defect, presence of liver herniation, and application of mesh (all P>0.05). Regarding the postoperative outcomes, the death rate in the preterm and/or low birth weiht group was higher compared to the control group [36.6% (15/41) vs 13.2% (10/76), χ 2=8.70, P<0.05]. Additionally, the time required to resume full enteral nutrition after surgery was longer in the preterm and/or low birth weight group than that in the control group [25 d (18-29 d) vs 16 d (10-25 d), Z=2.31, P<0.05]. The thoracoscopic subgroup had a lower mortality compared to the open surgery subgroup [25.8% (8/31) vs 7/10, P<0.05]. The thoracoscopic surgery subgroup had a higher Apgar score at 1 min after birth [(7.4±1.6) vs (6.0±2.2), t=2.20, P<0.05], later age at operation (hours after birth) [31.0 h (23.0-48.0 h) vs 17.0 h (4.7-24.5 h), Z=2.57, P<0.05], a lower proportion of infants operated within 24 hours after birth [32.3% (10/31) vs 8/10, P<0.05], and longer duration of operation [170.0 min (122.0-200.0 min) vs 110.0 min (87.3-120.0 min), Z=3.65, P<0.05]. Conclusions:In this study, a higher mortality in the preterm and/or low birth weight group compared to the control group was observed, which may be attributed to the higher proportion of neonates with moderate-severe pulmonary hypertension. The thoracoscopic diaphragmatic repair can be attempted for preterm and low birth weight infants who have relatively stable respiratory and circulatory functions.

7.
Chinese Journal of Neurology ; (12): 513-520, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994861

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the necessity, safety and efficacy of endovascular treatment for cerebral infarction caused by middle cerebral artery (MCA) stenosis with hypoperfusion in the blood supply area of the lenticulostriate artery.Methods:The clinical and surgical data of patients with MCA atherosclerotic disease who underwent endovascular treatment in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2014 to October 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. A total of 6 patients with cerebral infarction caused by MCA stenosis with hypoperfusion in the blood supply area of the lenticulostriate artery were selected. The preoperative and postoperative clinical imaging characteristics, perioperative complications and follow-up of these 6 patients were summarized and evaluated.Results:After the endovascular treatment, the imaging of the lenticulostriate artery in all the 6 patients was clearer than that before the operation, and the number of main trunks of the lenticulostriate artery shown by imaging in 2 patients was more than that before operation. The computer tomography perfusion of 6 patients after the endovascular treatment showed that perfusion in the supply area of the lenticulostriate artery was significantly improved compared with pre-operation. No stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA) and death occurred during the perioperative period. The time of clinical follow-up was 360 (322, 495) days, and there were no stroke, TIA or death occurring in the corresponding artery. All the 6 patients underwent imaging follow-up, of which 3 patients underwent digital subtraction angiography and 3 underwent CT angiography. The lumen of the target vessels showed patency in all patients.Conclusions:With rigorous imaging evaluation, endovascular treatment may be safe and effective for cerebral infarction caused by MCA stenosis with hypoperfusion in the blood supply area of the lenticulostriate artery.

8.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 532-537, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994356

ABSTRACT

Cellular senescence is a state in which cells enter permanent cell cycle arrest, which is characterized by senescence-associated secretory phenotype secretion, macromolecular damage, metabolic dysregulation and so on. Recent studies have shown a close relationship between cellular senescence and type 2 diabetes. On the one hand, the glycolipotoxic microenvironment of type 2 diabetes can accelerate cell senescence and accumulation. On the other hand, cellular senescence can promote the development of type 2 diabetes. For example, senescence of pancreatic β-cells leads to β-cell dysfunction and adipocytes senescence results in the secretion of pro-inflammatory cytokines, causing disturbances in lipid metabolism and exacerbating insulin resistance. Moreover, senescence of endothelial cells, retinal endothelial cells, and other cell types contributes to the occurrence of chronic complications in diabetes. Cellular senescence is not only an important factor in the onset of type 2 diabetes but also a consequence of its progression. Targeting cellular senescence holds promise as a new strategy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes.

9.
Chinese Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism ; (12): 118-124, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-994305

ABSTRACT

Objective:To explore the clinical and molecular genetic characteristics of patients with maturity-onset diabetes of the young type 2(MODY2).Methods:Clinical data and laboratory results were collected from five MODY2 patients and their family members diagnosed in the Department of Endocrinology, Genetics, and Metabolism of Xi ′an Children′s Hospital in the recent two years. Whole exome sequencing was carried out on every proband to identify potential variants, then the suspected variants were verified with Sanger sequencing in family numbers.Results:Among the 5 probands, except for proband 4 who presented with polydipsia and polyuria, hyperglycemia in the rest of the children was accidentally identified. Urine routine, urinary protein, and blood lipid of the five probands were all normal, and HbA 1C was between 5.96% and 8.15%. Moreover, an important discovery in this study was that proband 5 had insulin resistance(IRS), which was different from previous studies. It was confirmed by genetic analysis that a glucokinase(GCK) gene variant existed in every MODY2 pedigree. There were four GCK variants in this study, including c. 146C>T(p.T49I), c. 1237T>G(p.Y413D), c. 683C>T(p.T228M) and c. 952G>T(p.G318W), among which the C. 1237T>G(P.y413d) and C. 952G>T(P.G318W) had not been reported till now. All probands received lifestyle intervention, and the blood glucose control was relatively stable. Conclusion:There is MODY2 patient complicated with IRS. MODY2 patients can be controlled well by lifestyle interventions. In addition, we discovered two novel variants of GCK, which extend the mutation spectrum of this gene.

10.
Chinese Journal of Radiology ; (12): 201-205, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-992954

ABSTRACT

Objective:To evaluate the feasibility, safety, treatment outcome, and the individualized surgical procedure selection of the interventional treatments of chylous leakage.Methods:From July 2019 to January 2022, the clinical data of 60 consecutive patients with chylous leakage underwent interventional treatment were respectively analyzed. The cases included chylothorax ( n=37), chylous ascites ( n=10), chyluria ( n=4), chylothorax combined with chylous ascites ( n=5), chylothorax combined with chylopericardium ( n=2), and pelvic chylous effusion ( n=2). Conservative treatment was considered to have failed for all patients. The lymphangiography was firstly performed to detect chylous leakage, then an individualized procedure was selected according to the lymphangiography results. The treatment outcomes and complications were recorded, and follow-up was performed. Results:Lymphangiography was technically successful in 55 of 60 patients (91.7%), and no cisterna chyli and thoracic duct opacification was observed in 5 patients. The procedures for the patients included lymphangiography alone ( n=23), thoracic duct embolization ( n=23), thoracic duct disruption ( n=5), lymphatic embolization for pelvic chylous effusion ( n=4), and balloon plasty for thoracic duct ( n=5). Clinical success was achieved in 53 of 60 cases (88.3%). The complication rate was 8.3% (5/60), and all complications were minor. The median follow-up time was 11 months (range 0.5-30 months) for 56 patients, and 4 patients were lost to follow-up. There was one patient presenting the reoccurrence of symptom, and 8 patients died. Conclusions:The interventional treatment of chylous leakage is safe with good outcomes and low complication rate. Individualized treatment procedures based on the lymphangiography findings is feasible and with good curative effect.

11.
Chinese Journal of Surgery ; (12): 381-388, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970219

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate surgical strategies and the corresponding benefits for patients with perihilar cholangiocarcinoma(pCCA). Methods: A total of 81 patients with pCCA who underwent radical excision in the Department of Biliary and Pancreatic Surgery of Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital between January 2014 and December 2021 were retrospectively collected.The cohort consisted of 50 male and 31 female patients,with an age of (62.5±11.5)years(range:26 to 83 years).Seventy-five cases were diagnosed with jaundice,60 of whom received preoperative biliary drainage,while 20 patients received portal vein embolization.Their serum bilirubin level within one week before the operation(M(IQR)) was 44.3 (41.9) μmol/L(range:8.0 to 344.2 μmol/L).Preoperative imaging examinations were performed to evaluate the Bismuth-Corlette type of pCCA,showing 3,6,21,27,and 24 cases of Bismuth-Corlette type Ⅰ,Ⅱ,Ⅲa,Ⅲb,and Ⅳ,respectively.The primary outcome was overall survival (OS),and the secondary outcomes were relapse-free survival (RFS),90-day postoperative morbidity and 90-day postoperative mortality.OS and RFS were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method and compared by the Log-rank test.Significant prognostic factors were determined using univariate and multivariable Cox proportional hazard regression analyses. Results: In the cohort of 81 pCCA patients,67 cases(82.7%) underwent major hepatectomy while 3 cases received major hepatectomy combined with pancreaticoduodenectomy.Thirty-four patients underwent hepatectomy combined with vascular resection and reconstruction(18 cases of portal vein resection and reconstruction alone;9 cases of hepatic artery resection and reconstruction alone;7 cases of combination of portal vein and hepatic artery resection and reconstruction).Margin negative(R0 excision) were achieved in 53.1%(43/81) of these patients.The operation duration was (627±136)minutes(range:565 to 940 minutes),and the intraoperative blood loss was 400(455)ml(range:200 to 2 800 ml).The 90-day postoperative mortality was 3.7%(3/81).Grade 3-4 postoperative morbidity was 23.4% (19/81) according to the Clavien-Dindo classification of surgical complications.Up to the last follow-up at September 2022,the follow-up time was 34.0(24.2)months (range:0.4 to 103.6 months).Three patients who died within 90 days after surgery were excluded from the survival analysis.The median OS was 36.10 months (95%CI:18.23 to 42.97 months) and the 1-,3-and 5-year OS rates were 85.3%,46.8% and 27.3%,respectively.The median OS of 41 patients with negative margins was 47.83 months(95%CI:36.90 to 58.80 months) and that of 37 patients with positive margins was 20.47 months(95%CI:10.52 to 30.58 months).The median RFS of 70 patients with R0 and R1 resection was 24.50 months(95%CI:12.15 to 31.85 months)and the 1-,3-and 5-year RFS rates were 65.2%,45.7% and 29.9%,respectively.The median RFS of 41 patients with R0 resection was 38.57 months(95%CI:21.50 to 55.63 months) and that of 29 patients with R1 resection was 10.83 months(95%CI:2.82 to 19.86 months). Conclusions: The primary therapy for pCCA is radical surgical resection.A precise preoperative evaluation and sufficient preparation can reduce postoperative morbidity.Surgical treatment can achieve a better survival outcome by increasing the radical resection rate.

12.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 142-146, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-970148

ABSTRACT

Objective: To explore the feasibility and application value of intraoperative direct immunohistochemical (IHC) staining in improving the diagnosis accuracy in difficult cases of bronchiolar adenoma (BA). Methods: Nineteen cases with single or multiple pulmonary ground-glass nodules or solid nodules indicated by imaging in Cancer Hospital of Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences from January to July 2021 and with difficulty in differential diagnosis at frozen HE sections were selected. In the experimental group, direct IHC staining of cytokeratin 5/6 (CK5/6) and p63 was performed on frozen sections to assist the differentiation of BA from in situ/micro-invasive adenocarcinoma/adenocarcinoma/invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. In the control group, two pathologists performed routine frozen HE section diagnosis on these 19 cases. The diagnostic results of paraffin sections were used as the gold standard. The sensitivity and specificity of BA diagnosis, consistency with paraffin diagnosis and time used for frozen diagnosis were compared between the experimental group and the control group. Results: The basal cells of BA were highlighted by CK5/6 and p63 staining. There were no basal cells in the in situ/microinvasive adenocarcinoma/adenocarcinoma/invasive mucinous adenocarcinoma. In the experimental group, the sensitivity and specificity with aid of direct IHC staining for BA were 100% and 86.7%, respectively, and the Kappa value of frozen and paraffin diagnosis was 0.732, and these were significantly higher than those in the control group (P<0.05). The average time consumption in the experimental group (32.4 min) was only 7 min longer than that in the control group (25.4 min). Conclusions: Direct IHC staining can improve the accuracy of BA diagnosis intraoperatively and reduce the risk of misdiagnosis, but require significantly longer time. Thus frozen direct IHC staining should be restricted to cases with difficulty in differentiating benign from malignant diseases, especially when the surgical modalities differ based on the frozen diagnosis.


Subject(s)
Humans , Paraffin , Sensitivity and Specificity , Adenocarcinoma in Situ , Adenoma/diagnosis , Adenocarcinoma, Mucinous/surgery , Frozen Sections/methods
13.
Journal of Medical Biomechanics ; (6): E368-E374, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987960

ABSTRACT

Objective A program-controlled flexible multi-point temperature measurement device was self developed for collection and analysis of skin temperature signals of diabetic patients and healthy subjects under resting and heating conditions so as to assess vasodilation function of the microcirculation, Methods With reference to the endothelial regulation spectrum of human body, wavelet analysis was performed on skin temperature signals, and the temperature fluctuation amplitudes in diabetic group and healthy control group were compared at different time periods after thermal stimulation. Results The temperature fluctuation amplitude in endothelial spectrum of diabetic group was smaller than that of healthy control group, and the decrease in skin temperature fluctuation after the power-off of thermal stimulation was remarkably smaller than that of control group, indicating that the response to thermal stimulation for diabetic patients was slower. Conclusions Vasodilation function can be quantitatively evaluated by using the fluctuation of skin temperature signals in endothelial spectrum band. Skin temperature monitoring is a potentially easy-implemented method for the health management and early diagnosis of microvascular diseases in diabetic patients.

14.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1741-1744, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987901

ABSTRACT

AIM: To analyze the effects of aromatase inhibitors(AIs)on the ocular surface microenvironment of the users.METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted. The study included postmenopausal women who received AIs treatment at galactophore department of our hospital from November 2022 to May 2023. Participants were divided into two groups based on the mechanism of AIs: the steroidal group and the non-steroidal group. The control group consisted of age-matched women who underwent occupational health examinations. All participants completed the ocular surface disease index(OSDI)questionnaire and underwent detailed ophthalmic examinations, including best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, axial length, corneal curvature, radius of curvature of curved lacrimal river surface, tear osmolarity, tear film break-up time, corneal fluorescein staining score, Schirmer Ⅰ test, and meibomian gland infrared score.RESULTS: There were no statistically significant differences in age, best-corrected visual acuity, intraocular pressure, axial length, and corneal curvature between control group and steroidal and non-steroidal group(P&#x003E;0.05). The duration of drug treatment between the steroidal group and the non-steroidal group also showed no statistically significant difference(P&#x003E;0.05). However, statistically significant differences were observed between the control group and the steroidal and non-steroidal group in OSDI scores, radius of curvature of curved lacrimal river surface, tear osmolarity, tear film break-up time, corneal fluorescein staining score, Schirmer Ⅰ test, and meibomian gland infrared score(P&#x003C;0.05). The Schirmer Ⅰ test also showed statistically significant differences between the steroidal group and the non-steroidal group(P&#x003C;0.05), while other data showed no statistically significant differences(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: Postmenopausal patients receiving AIs treatment experienced significant changes in the ocular microenvironment, with both decreased tear secretion and excessive tear evaporation contributing to the occurrence of dry eye. Notably, patients receiving non-steroidal AIs treatment showed a more significant reduction in main lacrimal gland secretion.

15.
Sichuan Mental Health ; (6): 326-333, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-987342

ABSTRACT

BackgroundInternet-based cognitive behavioral therapy (ICBT) is progressively emerging as an efficacious alternative to alleviate anxiety and depression in cancer patients. To date, no Meta-analysis has been conducted specific to the effect of ICBT on anxiety, depression, distress and quality of life in cancer patients. ObjectiveTo assess the effect of ICBT on distress, depression, anxiety and quality of life in cancer patients through a systematic review of the literature. MethodsOn March 28, 2022, PubMed, PsycINFO, Embase, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, CNKI, VIP, Wanfang Data and CBM were retrieved for the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) involving ICBT targeting either distress, depression, anxiety, quality of life or all in cancer patients. After the risk of bias assessment, Stata 17.0 software was used for Meta-analysis. ResultsA total of 12 RCTs with a total sample size of 1 686 patients were included. Meta-analysis revealed that the superiority of ICBT over controls was evident for interventions targeting distress in cancer patients (SMD=-0.547, 95% CI: -1.090~-0.145, P<0.01), while appeared to be less evident for the interventions targeting depression (SMD=-0.652, 95% CI: -1.734~0.002, P=0.051), anxiety (SMD=-1.045, 95% CI: -3.656~0.101, P=0.088) and quality of life (SMD=0.234, 95% CI: -0.064~0.449, P=0.112) in cancer patients,and dropout rate was higher in ICBT group than that in control group (OR=1.795, 95% CI:1.358~2.374, P<0.01). ConclusionICBT is reported to be effective in alleviating distress in cancer patients, whereas results inconsiderable improvements over depression, anxiety and quality of life in cancer patients.

16.
China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology ; (12): 450-453, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-986787

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#According to the characteristics of spinal burst fractures in high-altitude areas and the local medical conditions, to explore the clinical efficacy of short-segment fixation with pedicle screws combined with screw placement in injured vertebrae in the treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures.@*METHODS@#From August 2018 to December 2021, 12 patients with single-vertebral thoracolumbar burst fractures without neurological symptoms were treated with injured vertebral screw placement technique, including 7 males and 5 females;aged 29 to 54 years old, with an average of(42.50±7.95) years old;6 cases of traffic accident injury, 4 cases of high fall injury, 2 cases of heavy object injury;2 cases of T11, 4 cases of T12, 3 cases of L1, 2 cases of L2, and 1 case of L3. In the operation, screws were first placed in the upper and lower vertebrae of the fracture, pedicle screws were placed in the injured vertebra, and connecting rods were installed, and the fractured vertebral body was reset by positioning and distraction. Visual analogue scale (VAS) and Japanese Orthopedic Association (JOA) scoring were used to evaluate the changes in pain and quality of life of patients, and the kyphotic correction rate and correction loss rate of the injured segment were measured by X-ray.@*RESULTS@#All operations were successful without significant intraoperative complications. All 12 patients were followed up, the duration ranged from 9 to 27 months, with an mean of (17.75±5.79) months. VAS at 3 days after operation was significantly higher than that at admission (t=6.701, P=0.000). There was significant difference in JOA score between 9 months after operation and at admission (t=5.085, P=0.000). Three days after operation, Cobb angle was (4.42±1.16)°, and the correction rate was (82±5)% compared with (25.67±5.71)° at admission. Cobb angle was (5.08±1.24) °at 9 months after operation, with a corrected loss rate of (16±13)%. No loosening or breakage of internal fixation was found.@*CONCLUSION@#Under the high-altitude hypobaric and hypoxic environment, the effect of the operation should be ensured while reducing the trauma. The application of the technique of placing screws on the injured vertebra can effectively restore and maintain the height of the injured vertebra, with less bleeding and shorter fixed segments, which is an effective method.


Subject(s)
Male , Female , Humans , Adult , Middle Aged , Pedicle Screws , Altitude , Quality of Life , Lumbar Vertebrae/injuries , Thoracic Vertebrae/injuries , Spinal Fractures/surgery , Fracture Fixation, Internal/methods , Fractures, Compression , Treatment Outcome , Fractures, Comminuted
17.
Chinese Journal of Pathology ; (12): 574-579, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-985735

ABSTRACT

Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic and molecular characteristics of fumarate hydratase (FH) deficient uterine leiomyoma. Methods: Eighty cases of FH deficient uterine leiomyoma were diagnosed from April 2018 to September 2022 in Department of Pathology, Peking University Third Hospital. Sanger sequencing of FH gene exons (exon 1-10) were performed on tumor tissues and matched non-tumor tissues/peripheral blood for all cases. FH immunohistochemistry were performed in 74 cases; S-(2-succino)-cysteine (2SC) were also detected by immunohistochemistry in five cases. Results: Patients' age ranged from 18 to 54 (36.0±7.5) years, with more than 60% exhibiting clinical symptoms of multiple and large leiomyomas (the median diameter was 70 mm). More than four histologic features, including staghorn vasculature, alveolar-pattern edema, bizarre nuclei, oval nuclei arranged in chains, prominent eosinophilic nucleoli with perinucleolar haloes and eosinophilic intracytoplasmic globules were observed in 98.5% (67/68) patients. The immunohistochemical sensitivity of FH and 2SC were 97.3% and 100%, respectively. Based on the Sanger sequencing results, the cases were divided into germline variant group (31 cases), somatic variant group (29 cases) and no variant group (20 cases). Sixty-nine percent (20/29) of the patients with FH germline variation had clear family history. Conclusions: Clinical features, histological morphology, FH and 2SC immunohistochemistry and Sanger sequencing have their own significance and limitations in differential diagnosis of FH deficient uterine leiomyoma. In clinical practice, the above information should be fully integrated and studied for accurate pathologic diagnosis and selection of patients with FH germline variation.


Subject(s)
Female , Humans , Adolescent , Young Adult , Adult , Middle Aged , Fumarate Hydratase/genetics , Uterine Neoplasms/pathology , Leiomyoma/pathology , Germ-Line Mutation , Diagnosis, Differential , Leiomyomatosis/pathology , Carcinoma, Renal Cell/diagnosis
18.
International Eye Science ; (12): 1585-1588, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-980559

ABSTRACT

AIM: To investigate the effects of primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction(PANDO)on the tear film and ocular surface using LipiView ocular surface interferometer and Keratograph 5M anterior segment analyzer.METHODS: A self-controlled clinical trials. A total of 40 patients diagnosed with unilateral PANDO for at least 6mo who were admitted to our department from September 2021 to March 2022 were enrolled in the study, and the healthy eyes of the patients were assessed as control group. The LipiView ocular surface interferometer and Keratograph 5M anterior segment analyzer were used to measure the changes in related parameters of the tear film and ocular surface in both eyes.RESULTS: The non-invasive tear meniscus height(NITMH), stimulated NITMH, loss rate of upper meibomian gland, nasal and temporal ciliary redness index, temporal conjunctival redness index of the affected eyes were higher than healthy eyes(P&#x003C;0.05), but there were no statistical differences in the non-invasive break-up time(NIBUT), loss rate of lower meibomian gland, nasal conjunctival redness index, dry eye grading, blink responses, partial blink rate and lipid layer thickness(LLT)between the both eyes(P&#x003E;0.05).CONCLUSION: PANDO may lead to the aggravation of ocular surface inflammation and the loss of upper meibomian gland, and damage the ocular surface of patients. Attention should be paid to the early treatment of PANDO.

19.
Chinese Journal of Clinical Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery ; (12): 416-421, 2023.
Article in Chinese | WPRIM | ID: wpr-979524

ABSTRACT

@#Objective     To investigate the effect and prognosis of patients with ventricular septal rupture after myocardial infarction treated by surgical repair combining an occluder and a patch. Methods     Clinical data of 42 patients with myocardial infarction complicated with ventricular septal rupture admitted to the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University from January 2010 to September 2021 were retrospectively analyzed. According to the surgical methods, 27 patients were divided into a traditional group, including 17 males and 10 females, with an average age of 62.81±6.81 years, who were repaired by patch only, and 15 patients were divided into a modified group, including 11 males and 4 females, with an average age of 64.27±9.24 years, who were repaired by surgery combining an occluder and a patch. Perioperative and follow-up data of the two groups were compared and analyzed. Results     There were statistical differences between the two groups in preoperative Killip grading, rate of intra-aortic balloon pump use, interval from myocardial infarction to operation, and the number of culprit artery (P<0.05). There was no statistical difference in other preoperative data, the cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamping time, postoperative hospital stay or in-hospital death rate between the two groups (P>0.05). No residual shunt occurred in the modified group, and the difference was statistically significant compared with the traditional group (P=0.038). There was no statistical difference in other complications between the two groups (P>0.05). The median follow-up time was 4 years. Two patients in the traditional group and one in the modified group died during follow-up. The follow-up cardiac function grading of patients in the modified group was statistically different from that in the traditional group (P=0.023). Conclusion     The perioperative  mortality of ventricular septal rupture after myocardial infarction is high, but the long-term effect is satisfactory. Surgical repair combining an occluder and a patch is a safe and effective treatment for ventricular septal rupture, which can effectively reduce postoperative residual shunt.

20.
Chinese journal of integrative medicine ; (12): 434-440, 2023.
Article in English | WPRIM | ID: wpr-982290

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE@#To investigate the effect and potential mechanism of dihydromyricetin (Dmy) on H9C2 cell proliferation, apoptosis, and autophagy.@*METHODS@#H9C2 cells were randomly divided into 7 groups, namely control, model, EV (empty pCDH-CMV-MCS-EF1-CopGFP-T2A-Puro vector), IV (circHIPK3 interference), Dmy (50 µ mol/L), Dmy+IV, and Dmy+EV groups. Cell proliferation and apoptosis were detected by cell counting kit-8 assay and flow cytometry, respectivley. Western blot was used to evaluate the levels of light chain 3 II/I (LC3II/I), phospho-phosphoinositide 3-kinase (p-PI3K), protein kinase B (p-AKT), and phospho-mammalian target of rapamycin (p-mTOR). The level of circHIPK3 was determined using reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction. Electron microscopy was used to observe autophagosomes in H9C2 cells.@*RESULTS@#Compared to H9C2 cells, the expression of circHIPK in H9C2 hypoxia model cells increased significantly (P<0.05). Compared to the control group, the cell apoptosis and autophagosomes increased, cell proliferation rate decreased significantly, and the expression of LC3 II/I significantly increased (all P<0.05). Compared to the model group, the rate of apoptosis and autophagosomes in IV, Dmy, and Dmy+IV group decreased, the cell proliferation rate increased, and the expression of LC3 II/I decreased significantly (all P<0.05). Compared to the control group, the expressions of p-PI3K, p-AKT, and p-mTOR in the model group significantly reduced (P<0.05), whereas after treatment with Dmy and sh-circHIPK3, the above situation was reversed (P<0.05).@*CONCLUSION@#Dmy plays a protective role in H9C2 cells by inhibiting circHIPK expression and cell apoptosis and autophagy, and the mechanism may be related to PI3K/AKT/mTOR pathway.


Subject(s)
Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-akt/metabolism , Signal Transduction , Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases/metabolism , TOR Serine-Threonine Kinases/metabolism , Apoptosis , Autophagy
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